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Warwickshire

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements


Annual Report 2003–4
Foreword

This annual report is the third published since the


formation of the Multi Agency Public Protection
Arrangements (MAPPA) in 2001. The report documents
the progress that has been made during the year to
ensure that the public are protected from potentially
dangerous offenders. The focus, quite rightly, is on how
agencies work together, sharing information where
necessary so that the risk posed by an offender is as
accurate as possible. The new three-tier MAPPA
structure helps to ensure that, where necessary,
agencies are able to commit additional resources to
those relatively few cases where extra measures are
needed to protect the public.

The work of the MAPPA is largely carried out without


the knowledge of the public. This annual report
includes case studies and examples of a day in the life
of a probation officer and a police officer. These give a
helpful insight into the types of cases dealt with and
the ways in which risk can be reduced through joint
working. During 2004 – 2005 we will be extending the
public scrutiny of these arrangements through the
appointment of two lay advisors to the MAPPA
Strategic Management Board. The board oversees
these arrangements.

Structures and arrangements on their own will not


protect the public without staff in each of our agencies
who implement the arrangements and ensure the
quality of assessment, sharing of information, decision
making and intervention. We would like publicly to
thank the staff involved in these arrangements, at all
levels, for their contribution to making Warwickshire a
safer place for us all.

Liz Stafford Bob Golding


Chief Officer of Warwickshire Probation Assistant Chief Constable,
Area and Chair of the MAPPA Strategic Warwickshire Police.
Management Board.

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Contents

1. MAPPA the national picture 5

2. Achievements in Warwickshire 2003 – 4 9

3. How the MAPPA operates locally 10


- Case examples 1 and 2
- The new structure of Warwickshire MAPPA
- Referrals to MAPPA
- How agencies make a referral
- Sex Offender Programme
- Day in the Life of a Probation Officer
- Day in the life of a Police Officer in the
Dangerous Offender’s Unit
- Working with Victims

4. Agencies involved in MAPPA 15


- Police
- Probation
- Prison Service
- Forensic Community Psychiatric Nurse
- Housing
- Social Services
- Education
- Youth Offending Service

5. Statistics 18

6. Strategic Management Board 19

Appendix A 21

Contacts 23

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1 MAPPA – The national picture

Sexual and violent offences deeply affect the lives of


victims and their families and inspire fear in local
communities. Their impact can be profound and long-
lasting, leaving victims feeling unsafe even in their own
homes. The Government regards tackling sexual and
violent crimes as one of its highest priorities. Having
set up the MAPPA in 2001 – which provided for the first
time a firm statutory basis for the work police and
probation jointly undertake to protect the public from
sexual and violent offenders – it has in the last year
done a great deal to strengthen the MAPPA and the
wider public protection framework.

Strengthening the MAPPA

The national development of the MAPPA has


concentrated on preparing to implement the MAPPA
provisions of the Criminal Justice Act (2003). These
provisions came into force on 5 April 2004 and help
strengthen the MAPPA by:

● making the Prison Service part of the ‘Responsible


Authority’ with police and probation;
● formalising the involvement of other agencies which
can make an important contribution to helping
offenders not to reoffend - the Act imposes a ‘duty
to co-operate’ with the Responsible Authority
MAPPA upon:

- Local Authority Housing, Education


and Social Services.
- Health Service bodies.
- Jobcentres Plus.
- Youth Offending Teams.
- Registered social landlords which accommodate
MAPPA offenders.
- Electronic monitoring providers.

● the appointment by the Home Secretary of two


members of the public (‘Lay Advisers’) in each
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area to assist in monitoring the effectiveness of
the MAPPA.

Work on the duty to co-operate has been taken forward


by two separate and complementary initiatives. First, in
many areas the duty to co-operate formalises what has
already begun to be established as good practice.
The statutory basis of the duty will help ensure a more
consistent engagement of all these agencies across
England and Wales. Secondly, the relevant central
Government departments and the Welsh Assembly
have been involved in developing the guidance which
the Home Secretary issued on the duty to co-operate.
The reform of the way in which child protection is
organised, following the public inquiry into the tragic
death of Victoria Climbie, will reinforce the importance
of effective joint working between different agencies
which the MAPPA has itself promoted.

The introduction of an element of public scrutiny of this


often complex and sensitive area of public protection
through the appointment of two Lay Advisers in each
area has been carefully and successfully trialed and
evaluated. As Home Office Minister Paul Goggins said:

“Lay Advisers will play a vital role…We are


committed to giving them not only an insight into
how this work is carried out but, more importantly,
an opportunity to question what is being done
and why.”

Other legislative measures

In addition to this work to strengthen the MAPPA,


the Government has begun to strengthen other
statutory provisions. The most significant of these is
the Sexual Offences Act (2003) and the measures to
introduce new sentences for ‘dangerous’ offenders
which will keep them in custody until they no longer
pose a serious risk to the public.
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The Sexual Offences Act overhauls the many
antiquated sexual offences and plugs loopholes in the
law. In updating sexual offences, it strengthens the law
on rape and on sex offences against children. It
introduces new offences of ‘sexual grooming’ and
extends the protection from exploitation in prostitution
or pornography to children up to the age of 18. For the
first time, it will be an offence to buy sexual services
from a child below this age, targeting those who abuse
children in this way.

The Sexual Offences Act also strengthens the sex


offenders register, which has proved a valuable means
by which the police can monitor convicted sex
offenders within their area, and introduces new civil
orders to help prevent further offences from being
committed.

The focus on victims

In addition to all this work to tackle offenders, the


Government has placed greater emphasis upon
meeting the needs of victims. The victims of sexual
offending are identified as a priority group within the
National Victims and Witnesses Strategy. This strategy,
which was published in July 2003, aims to improve
support and protection for victims and witnesses by:

● reducing the adverse effects of crime on victims and


witnesses, and preventing secondary victimisation;
● encouraging more victims and witnesses to come
forward; and
● offering more options to victims and witnesses,
including alternatives to attendance at court.

These initiatives will help toward another key


Government target, that of improving public
confidence in the criminal justice system.

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The Government is underpinning this work in its
Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Bill, which is
currently going through Parliament. It will create a new
independent post of Commissioner for Victims and
Witnesses to be a champion/voice for all victims of
crime, and a new statutory Victims’ Code of Practice
(to be implemented in April 2005), which will build on
the existing Victim’s Charter and set out specific
responsibilities that each criminal justice system
agency and Victim Support must provide to victims.

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2 Achievements in Warwickshire MAPPA 2003 - 4
In the year 2003 - 4 the local Multi 2000, are subject to a proper ● Joint training has been provided
Agency Public Protection risk assessment and allocated for all agencies involved in the
Arrangements have been boosted to an appropriate process of MAPPA which helps them to do
by the appointment of a dedicated risk management within the the following better:
independent co-ordinator from relevant agency. This is called
August 2003. This post has been level 1 management and the - Understand and use the public
funded by Warwickshire Police, case is usually handled through protection system effectively.
Warwickshire Probation Service, the routine liaison between - Make decisions about risk and
health trusts, the borough and agencies. These levels are set risk management according to
district councils and Warwickshire out in more detail below. the best research and thinking
County Council through the available.
Strategic Management Board. ● Integrating the Domestic Violence - Ensure that the RAMPs and
Project into the MAPPA to give MAPPPs do not discriminate
The development of this role has led extra support to the very highest unfairly against people on
to a radical reshaping of MAPPA work risk and problematic cases of grounds of race, sex, religion,
in Warwickshire to improve the way domestic violence. disability or sexual orientation.
agencies focus their resources and
improve the quality of partnership ● A new process to formally ● Inclusion of electronic tagging
and public protection work. integrate the perspective companies in the meetings where
of victims into the RAMP and an offender is likely to be tagged
Some examples of these MAPPP meetings. This means to improve the planning,
improvements are: that the RAMP and MAPPP monitoring and surveillance of
meetings are better aware of the dangerous offenders.
● A new integrated referral process effect on the victim of any plans
that ensures that agencies focus or decisions they make. There are also plans in hand to
their time and resources on the introduce a training package for
most high risk and dangerous ● A new arrangement with Mental probation and police officers who
cases where the attention is Health Services ensures that the deal with sex offenders in
needed most. This has been highest risk mental health cases Warwickshire, to build closer links
achieved through the introduction are discussed on the RAMP and and share more intelligence
of three tiers of multi agency MAPPP, and the lower risk ones information. This has been helped by
work. are dealt with through health run the provision of specialist training by
case conferences. This means the Home Office, through the Lucy
- The highest tier is the Multi that the public protection Faithful Foundation.
Agency Public Protection Panel arrangements are not
or MAPPP, which focuses on overwhelmed with cases that can New auditing and evaluation
the very highest risk cases be managed better by mental measures are also being developed
(also called level 3) that require health agencies instead. to ensure that the MAPPA is as
special and unusual resources effective as it can be in protecting
from the agencies to manage the public.
them effectively.
- Below this are Risk
Assessment Management
Panels (RAMPs or level 2
meetings) which deal with
those high risk cases that don’t
pose the gravest risks but do
require some multi agency
work to manage them
effectively.
- Lastly, there is a process for
ensuring that all the other
cases which have been
identified by the Criminal
Justice and Courts Services Act

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3 How the MAPPA operates locally
It is easiest to explain how the The Mental Health Services reported Outcome:
MAPPA protects the public by giving this to the police and a criminal
case examples of the work done by investigation was started. The case Brian has been re-housed safely, he
one of Warwickshire’s RAMPs or was taken to the local Risk has engaged positively with the
MAPPPs. Assessment Management Panel Mental Health Services to tackle his
(RAMP). behaviour, the number of suspicious
It should be remembered that fires in his locality have reduced and
although agencies seek to minimise The agencies there set up a plan to he has, with help from agencies, not
and reduce the risks to the public, tackle the risks that included the acted on his powerful impulse of
the Multi Agency Public Protection following: setting up a serious arson incident.
Panel can’t eradicate risk to the
community altogether without an ● Police pursued the criminal
offender being returned to custody. investigation into the fires he may
The decision to return a person to have started locally. Case 2:
prison is ultimately the decision of ● The hostel was warned about the
parole boards or the courts, but by risks and a fire safety survey was John was a dangerous offender who
working closely together, agencies completed on the property with had been involved in a number of
can significantly reduce the risks in the Fire Service. violent relationships with vulnerable
many cases. ● The Local Housing Authority women. John was known to be very
identified alternative charming towards women and to
accommodation for him where he start relationships that soon became
was not a risk to others and he violent. He would become very
Case 1: was successfully re-housed. controlling. John had been
● Mental Health Services arranged sentenced to a lengthy period in
Brian was a mentally ill man who for a specialist psychiatric and custody for a very serious assault
told his psychologist that he was psychological assessment of against one of his victims which had
having obsessive thoughts about his risk. caused her severe long term
burning down a building. Mental ● He was engaged by Mental emotional and physical harm.
health staff were concerned that Health Services in a weekly Probation were considering John for
this could have been the programme of work, which helped early release from prison on licence
accommodation in which he lived. him identify strategies to prevent and brought the case to the RAMP
There were upwards of 12 other him acting out his impulses. for discussion.
vulnerable people living in that ● Mental Health Services have
accommodation at the time. He also closely monitored his progress.
admitted to causing a number of Despite his early anger at the
minor fires locally and had a decision to tell the police and go
dangerous fascination with fire. to the RAMP, the individual has
signed a voluntary agreement
with mental health professionals
to work with them on managing
his risk.
● Mental Health Services have
allocated ongoing time and
resources to him to address his
risk despite the fact that he isn’t
strictly mentally ill enough to
justify this, simply because he
was a high risk case subject to
the RAMP.
● The Fire Service monitored the
number of fires around him to
verify whether he was telling
Mental Health Services the truth
about his activities.

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The agencies put the information ● They share critical information New Structure of the
together which showed that he had about high-risk offenders so that Warwickshire MAPPA
been targeting women like this for each agency has the most
more than five years previously and complete picture they can get in Following Home Office guidance,
had several victims, not all of whom making decisions and managing Warwickshire has restructured its
had come to the attention of the that person. Multi Agency Public Protection
courts. The way he operated ● They make critical decisions Arrangements (MAPPA) to reflect
became clear – he targeted shy together and bring greater three levels of activity and has
women who lacked confidence and accountability into that process on appointed a MAPPA Co-ordinator to
met them through the churches and behalf of the community. For pull together the new system.
at local gyms. It was also clear that example, if the Probation Service
he was continuing to try and contact wanted to recommend releasing Level 1
his previous victim. The RAMP was someone really dangerous into
able to hear what the impact of the the community from prison they All cases that come through the
offence had been on his last victim would have to justify that decision MAPPA referral process are carefully
and what her fears were. He had to the panel as well as to the screened to assess the level of risk
shown little remorse or insight into Prison Parole Board. and level of harm an individual
his behaviour in prison and was ● In certain cases they make presents. The referral is sent out to
believed to have a personality decisions to inform schools, the participating agencies to check
disorder which meant that he was parents or employers about the whether they have any information
unlikely to be able to change. risks an offender poses. about the risk of harm an offender
● They enable special resources to presents, and then the referral is
From discussing his behaviour the be found for difficult cases, which returned back to the Dangerous
panel realised that there was a would not usually be available. Offenders Unit, where a decision is
very high risk that John would For example, specialist risk made as to the level that is most
commit similar offences, and would assessments from outside experts appropriate for managing the case.
actually target his last victim again or specialist housing provision
if allowed out. which would reduce the offender’s The MAPPA Co-ordinator will make
potential opportunity to offend. the decision in conjunction with the
As a result the RAMP recommended ● Each agency has a range of referring agency about whether the
that: different legal powers which can case should be placed on the
be sought to control or prevent RAMP. If the case is not placed on
● John was not released at this time. behaviour, including Anti Social the RAMP, the referring agency will
● Further work was done with the Behaviour Orders, Sex Offender manage it. This could entail a
victim to protect her from Orders, Licence Conditions, different type of multi agency
unwanted mail from the prison power to evict, electronic tagging meeting (eg. a mental health case
and to try and set up plans for his and Curfew Orders. These, when conference or Anti Social Behaviour
release which would protect her. used together, can often help Order meeting), or it could be dealt
● Police would visit the local make a package of measures that with by the referring agency through
churches to inform the pastors of ensure offenders are managed the usual liaison with partner
the risks that John posed to more safely. agencies.
women in their congregations. ● Panels can sometimes offer
● John would be restricted from specific measures to help protect Level 2
contacting his victim and going victims, such as accommodating
to the area where she lived, the offender in another area. The The next level of activity is the Risk
once he came out on licence. panels can also inform victims of Assessment Management Panel
● The agencies would continue to the plans being made for release or RAMP, which is a local meeting
closely monitor his behaviour and rehabilitation of high-risk held in each district of Warwickshire
once he did come out. offenders, and give victims police once a month. This is chaired by the
alarms and reassurance. MAPPA Co-ordinator, and
Summary membership of the RAMP includes
the same agencies indicated above.
The Multi Agency Public Protection It will deal with a maximum of five
Panels protect the public in some of cases at a time and will focus on
the following ways: high-risk cases where high levels of

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harm are likely but the level of ownership of the issues. Agencies offence, who are not already
resource needed to manage that invited in addition to the police and registered as a sex offender.
risk is not likely to be unusual or the Probation Service are likely Mental Health Services have to refer
extraordinary. to include Social Services, housing all cases where an offender is found
departments, Mental Health not guilty of a sexual or violent
RAMPs tend to deal with offenders Services, a representative of the offence by reason of insanity and
who are assessed as likely to prison and any other relevant made subject to a Hospital Order
commit offences such as rape, child agency that can contribute towards or Guardianship Order. Any agency
abuse, arson or serious violence. the management of the offender’s can refer an offender who is
The MAPPA Co-ordinator will ensure risk. believed to pose a high risk of harm
that where a victim’s wishes are to the community, and who has
known by the Victim Contact Unit, The distinguishing feature of the been convicted of a serious offence
that the victim has the opportunity MAPPP is the need for high-level in the past.
for their views to be presented to managerial representation at the
the panel. meeting to guarantee availability of How agencies make the referral
unusual or extraordinary resources
RAMPs are used to help plan the to manage a particular offender. There is a referral form which
return of dangerous offenders from A MAPPP might also be called to agencies are required to complete
prison into the community, and are manage any offenders who come if they wish to refer a case through
also a forum where the Probation into the county who are likely to for a MAPPA response. In the first
Service can check with agencies attract media attention and public instance, professionals who are
about the appropriateness of its interest and concern. unsure of the MAPPA process
recommendations to release certain should have a discussion with the
offenders. Cases can only be placed on the MAPPA Co-ordinator or agency
MAPPP after agreement by the representative on the RAMP, to
Level 3 Detective Superintendent and discuss their concerns and whether
Assistant Chief Probation Officer a referral is appropriate.
The highest level of MAPPA who chair the MAPPP.
comprises the Multi Agency Public The MAPPA Co-ordinator can be
Protection Panel or MAPPP which Referrals to MAPPA reached at the Dangerous Offenders
deals with the ‘critical few’ cases Unit at Police Headquarters in Leek
which pose the highest risk of very The police automatically refer Wootton (01926 405871).
serious harm to the community. Registered Sex Offenders.
The MAPPP is chaired by a Probation automatically refers all The public cannot make a referral
Detective Superintendent or those offenders who have received to the MAPPA. If a member of the
Assistant Chief Probation Officer a 12-month or longer custodial public has concerns about an
to reflect serious high-level sentence for a violent or sexual individual they need to speak to the
police in most instances or the
agency that is dealing with that
person (eg. Mental Health Services,
Social Services)

Sex Offender Treatment


Programme

Warwickshire participates in a
regional Sex Offender Treatment
Programme, led by West Midlands
Probation Service. Sex offenders
who complete the West Midlands
Probation-led Community Sex
Offender Group Work Programme
are half as likely to re-offend as
untreated offenders. This was the
overall finding of a five-year

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evaluation project run by Dr Jayne Day in the life of a probation conditions, I instigate the correct
Allam, a psychologist at the officer enforcement procedure. This often
University of Birmingham. means that when an offender breaks
My role as a probation officer is both the conditions of their licence from
The Community Sex Offender Group challenging and demanding. prison (eg. by contacting a victim),
Work Programme works with As I supervise a large number of they are returned to prison to serve
offenders released from prison on offenders in the community, I have out the rest of their sentence.
licence or those serving community to be well organised and plan my
sentences. The programme has day in advance. Whilst supervising high-risk
been nationally accredited for use offenders, I have to liase regularly
with offenders and is part of the Each offender who I supervise with the Dangerous Offenders Unit
Probation Service’s ‘What Works’ (for example sex offenders, violent to pass on information or seek
approach, which develops evidence offenders, arsonists etc) will have advice to ensure they are managed
based methods for working with their own specific needs and effectively.
offenders that have been shown to underlying issues that need to be
be effective. It combines intensive addressed to reduce their offending I recently contacted the unit to
group therapy work and behaviour. To enable me to identify advise that I had received
psychometric testing, and is suitable interventions to reduce their information from another offender
regularly assessed for effectiveness. offending, I use the nationally who was the personal friend of an
accredited OASys probation risk offender I was supervising.
Sex offenders can be directed to assessment tool. This is a complex In conversation he stated that this
attend as part of a community document that requires the offence particular offender had formed a
sentence or as a condition of their and the offender’s lifestyle to be relationship with a local woman who
release from prison. The programme examined in detail with them. had young children. The offender in
can last for up to 200 hours, with I complete a risk screening and full question was a registered sex
individuals being required to attend risk analysis to determine if the offender and I was therefore able to
weekly, for between 18 months and offender is deemed low, medium, pass this information on to the
two years. high or very high risk, and identify Dangerous Offenders Unit, who
those factors which impact on their were able to make relevant
The programme helps the offender offending behaviour. When this enquiries to ensure the safety of the
think about their offences and the assessment is complete, I will local woman and her children.
impact on the victim, and helps them devise a supervision plan with the
learn new skills to constrain and offender which will include the work In performing the above role I
control their behaviour which that he or she is required to do, and believe I provide an effective and
complement the external controls any restrictions that are likely to be essential service to the Criminal
that are imposed through MAPPA. placed on them. This could include Justice System and the public.
being required to undertake anger
management work, sex offender Day in the life of a police officer
treatment programmes or drug and in the Dangerous Offenders Unit
alcohol management courses, and
could involve restrictions such as a As the detective constable in the
curfew, being banned from Dangerous Offenders Unit, my role
contacting victims or entering certain involves managing the Registered
areas of Warwickshire as part of the Sex Offenders within Warwickshire
licence conditions. and I am also the officer responsible
as the police liaison point for the
In my role I must apply what we call Multi Agency Public Protection
National Standards. These are the arrangements.
requirements set by Government
to ensure the number of visits an Registered Sex Offenders are
offender receives from their required to register within three days
probation officer. My working of a caution or conviction or within
practice is consistent and where three days of their release from
offenders fail to comply with their custody. Following their initial
community sentence or licence registration, I will complete an initial

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visit to that offender to establish their Work of the VIP MAPPA and VIP
current circumstances, ensure they
are aware of their registration The VIP is a groundbreaking pilot For the RAMP or MAPPP to do their
requirements and to complete an initiative, which brings together the work effectively they need to
initial assessment of their risk to the police, Crown Prosecution Service, understand the victim’s perspective
community. As part of the risk Probation Service, Youth Offending in the case properly. The VIP liaises
assessment process I will also liase Service, Magistrates Courts and directly with the RAMP or MAPPP
with other agencies such as Social Crown Courts with domestic and provides a separate report on
Services, the Probation Service, violence support agencies, Victim each case that is heard at the RAMP
Mental Health Services and housing and Witness Support and anti social or MAPPP. The report is made after
departments. Each offender is behaviour co-ordinators. consultation with the victim. The VIP
classified as very high, high, makes its report directly to the
medium or low risk of re-offending, It provides a source of information independent chair of the panel. This
using nationally recognised for the victim about the progress of report will detail the impact of the
assessments tools, which have been their case through the criminal offence on the victim and their fears,
validated by research for accuracy. justice system, through email, the views and wishes about future plans
telephone or a drop in centre. The around the offender.
I liase closely with other agencies to VIP also ensures that intimidated or
ensure that the public is protected reluctant witnesses are supported The difference this link with the
appropriately. For example, a local through special measures in or victim makes can be very significant.
probation-run hostel in Warwickshire outside court. Knowing the area where the victim
phoned me to pass on information lives and how the victim was
which they’d acquired that a The VIP electronically joins up the affected by the offence can help the
Registered Sex Offender (who they information of all these different RAMP or MAPPP plan where the
were not involved with) had formed agencies around the offender’s case offender should be directed to live
a relationship with a vulnerable and sets up a joined up support after custody for the duration of their
woman with children. It was known service so that the victim only has licence. In some cases the RAMP or
that he presented a risk to children. one place to go for all the MAPPP can place an offender away
I made checks with Social Services, information and support they need. from the victim. In others the
who were able to run checks with Probation Service can seek a
the health services to confirm that The Victim Contact Unit does the condition of the licence that prevents
the woman did indeed have children. following things to support victims of the offender making any contact with
As a result of this, action was taken crime where the offender received the victim.
to warn the woman of the risks 12 months or longer in custody for a
posed by the offender. This is a sexual or violent offence: Victims often have a keen sense of
typical, routine example where close the risk posed by an offender,
liaison and working together ● Makes contact with the victim. especially if the offence was part of
between agencies has prevented ● Consults the victim about the
children being abused. release plans for the offender and
makes the victim’s views known
Working with Victims to the supervising probation
officer, the prison authorities and
To prevent offenders re-victimising the MAPPA.
their victims or others, the MAPPA ● Makes recommendations about
has to work effectively with the licence conditions or other
victims of crime. This is why the aspects of an offender’s
MAPPA links directly into the work of resettlement plan.
the Victim and Witness Information ● Keeps victims informed about any
Partnership (VIP) in Warwickshire. significant developments during
sentence or after release,
including notification of release
dates and any additional
measures to increase their safety.

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an ongoing relationship with the
offender. This information can be
very useful to the assessment and
management of the offender.
Where a victim fears that an
offender will target them again, the
RAMP or MAPPP can help minimise
these risks and fears by taking
special measures and providing
information, advice and reassurance
to the victim.

Some decisions and plans have


been changed as a result of hearing
the victim’s perspective.

4 Agencies involved in MAPPA


Police Probation Midlands Sex Offender Group
Work Programme.
As one of the three responsible As a joint lead for the MAPPA, the
bodies for the MAPPA, the police Probation Service provides the ● Planning and preparatory work
play a key and vital role: following contribution to the MAPPA with offenders in prison, including
work: the provision of advice on
● Jointly chairing, with the Probation suitability for release,
Service, the Strategic ● Jointly chairing, with the police, accommodation plans, victim
Management Board (SMB). the Strategic Management Board concerns and licence conditions.
(SMB).
● Registering sex offenders who fall ● Supervision and management of
under the provisions of the Sex ● Initial assessments of all offenders on licence following
Offender Act 1997, developing offenders who come before the their release from prison,
intelligence packages on each courts for violent and sexual including recall action for
one, undertaking a risk offences, using a standard offenders who fail to comply or
assessment, liasing with other assessment tool. whose behaviour gives cause for
agencies where required, and concern.
visiting sex offenders to monitor ● Further more specialist
their whereabouts and behaviour. assessments of sex offenders ● The provision of accommodation
through the Sex Offender for offenders in Approved
● The police provide police alarms Programme. Premises (formerly known as
for victims as well as victim liaison probation and bail hostels) who
and support. ● Supervision and management of need enhanced supervision and
offenders placed on community oversight.
● The police provide the orders, including action to breach
administration for the MAPPP. offenders who fail to comply. Prison Service

● Delivery of specialist programmes With effect from April 2004, the


designed to reduce the risk of Prison Service became part of the
further offending, including the statutory framework for the Multi
nationally recognised West Agency Public Protection

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Arrangements, joining the police and decisions and to allocate Housing
probation as the third party in the resources.
‘Responsible Authority’. The contribution of the local
● Ensuring that Prison Service authority housing departments to
The Prison Service contributes to resources are targeted where MAPPA includes the following:
MAPPA at two key levels: possible to assist with reducing
risk (eg. in the delivery of ● Advising on safe, suitable
Strategic Management Board accredited offending behaviour accommodation options for sexual
The Area Manager in the West programmes) for prisoners and violent offenders, taking into
Midlands has delegated authority subject to MAPPA. account the concerns of the victim.
within MAPPA to a newly created
post of Risk Manager. The West The Prison Service is looking ● Providing accommodation for
Midlands Area Risk Manager is forward to working collaboratively difficult to place offenders which
already working as part of the with its partners in MAPPA and to helps agencies manage their risk
MAPPA Strategic Management contributing to the decision making better and prevent re-offending.
Board, contributing to the work of that is central to the MAPPA This often includes housing away
the SMB in its monitoring and review process, and is already working to from vulnerable people and where
of the effectiveness of MAPPA. become more consistent and co- there is a higher level of
ordinated in its own strategy and monitoring.
Operational Delivery of MAPPA practice.
It is intended that prisons in the ● Sharing information about the
West Midlands will become an Forensic CPN (Mentally lifestyle and behaviour of
important partner in the operation of Disordered Offenders Scheme) offenders living in their housing
MAPPA by: areas.
The Mental Health Services provide
● Ensuring that prisoners subject to critical support to the MAPPA in It is important to also include the
MAPPA are identified as early as cases where there are mental health role played by housing associations
possible within their sentence and concerns in the offender by: in Warwickshire, which often
referred to the MAPPA co- contribute in the same way.
ordination process. ● Assessing all offenders with
possible mental health problems Social Services
● Using OASys, the risk at the point of arrest.
assessment tool developed jointly Social Services’ main role is to
by the Probation and Prison ● Providing information, liaison, ensure that children and vulnerable
Services, to carry out initial and assessments and advice to adults are protected from significant
subsequent assessments of risk agencies involved in the harm. Social Services has the lead
of harm to others. management of offenders with role in protecting children from
mental health problems. abuse under the Children Act 1989.
● Providing information about
release dates and, where ● Providing advice, assessments
relevant, about prison behaviour and support to agencies
to ensure that the MAPPA risk struggling to manage offenders
assessment is informed about with personality disorders.
factors relating to risk, and
particularly dynamic risk. ● Providing treatment and support
to a small protected high risk
● Contributing to the development case-load of offenders with
of risk management plans and mental health problems.
meeting with other agencies at
risk panels. ● Carrying out assessments of
offenders inside prison as part of
● Ensuring that Prison Service the package of preparing them to
representatives at MAPPA return to the community safely.
meetings are at an appropriate
grade to contribute to panel

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The MAPPA‘s role is to prevent Youth Offending Service
harm to children by working with or
imposing controls on the offenders. The Youth Offending Service in
Warwickshire is responsible for the
Several members of the direct delivery of services to young
Warwickshire Area Child Protection offenders, their families and their
Committee (ACPC) which victims. This includes undertaking
co-ordinates the work of child risk assessments of all young
protection, also sit on the Strategic people who commit offences.
Management Board (SMB), which
co-ordinates the work of the MAPPA The Youth Offending Service
to provide a robust link between the prepares Pre-Sentence Reports on
work of the two bodies. young people appearing before the
courts and helps advise the courts
The contribution Social Services on the most appropriate sentence.
makes to the MAPPA includes the The service also supervises all
following: community sentences and post-
custodial licences. Intensive
● Undertaking child protection supervision and surveillance
investigations into suspected programmes for persistent young
incidents of child abuse, or offenders ensure that very close
concerns about risk to specific monitoring and supervision
known children. arrangements for offenders are in
● Sharing information about a place to help reduce the risk of re-
known offender. offending.
● Providing assessments and
treatments and therapeutic help The Youth Offending Team
to children showing sexually contributes to RAMPs and MAPPPs
inappropriate and abusive in the same way that the Probation
behaviour. Service does:

Education ● Planning for the release of


dangerous young offenders.
The Education Authority provides ● Providing high quality risk
support to the MAPPA in certain assessments through the ASSET
cases: risk assessment tool.
● Providing close management
● Providing education packages for and supervision plans with
difficult to place young offenders. other agencies.
● Working with parents and children
to raise awareness of risks of
abuse and keeping the children
safe.
● Providing information to other
agencies about the progress of
juvenile offenders.
● Ensuring safe and sensitive
management in the school
environment of children who
commit sex offences.

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5 Statistics
The main changes in the figures this Other Offenders Sex Offenders Orders
year largely reflect new counting
requirements introduced by the These are offenders who are not There have been no Sex Offenders
Home Office, which focus on only registered sex offenders or who do Orders taken out this year, however,
those cases in MAPPA where the not have a 12-month sentence or with the changes in the new Sexual
offender is in the community. longer for a violent or sexual Offences Act 2003, it is anticipated
offence. It includes those offenders that the new powers and orders
Registered Sex Offenders who are not automatically picked up given to police forces may increase
in the other two categories but who the number to be taken next year.
There has been no change in the pose significant risks to the
number of registered sex offenders community.
living in Warwickshire since last year.
Some of these are mentally
It should be recognised that not all disordered offenders, who are
of the registered sex offenders living referred by the Mental Health
in the community pose a high risk Services or who have ceased to be
of re-offending. Those who do are under the statutory management of
likely to be subject to some form the Probation Service but continue
of enhanced monitoring or multi- to pose a considerable risk.
agency meetings under the MAPPA. Not all the cases referred actually
This is a much smaller number went on to be discussed at the
– in the region of around 15 percent highest levels of the MAPPA. Many
of the total figure. were dealt with at the lowest level
but were referred to ensure there
Violent Offenders was a multi agency consultation
about how best to handle the risks.
The number of potentially dangerous
offenders (usually violent offenders)
in Warwickshire’s figures has
dropped very significantly this year.
This drop is due to the practice of
only counting those who are in the
community, and excluding those who
are in prison during this year.

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6 Strategic Management Board
Warwickshire has established a The board has direct links with the
Strategic Management Board (SMB) Warwickshire Area Child Protection
that meets quarterly to monitor and Committee (ACPC), which is a
review the effectiveness of MAPPA, committee that organises and
make recommendations for change oversees the work of the
and publish the annual report. Warwickshire agencies to help
protect children from abuse within
The chair of the board rotates yearly Warwickshire. The police, probation
between the Chief Probation Officer and Social Services representatives
and the Assistant Chief Constable. on the SMB also sit on the
In addition to the police and Warwickshire ACPC to develop
probation, the board has strong links and continuity of policy.
representation from the Prison
Service, Social Services, the Youth Plans are in place to recruit two lay
Offending Service, the education members from the public to sit on
and housing departments and the the Strategic Management Board to
primary care trusts in Warwickshire. add an extra element of public
In addition, a representative of the scrutiny to the MAPPA in
electronic tagging service is also Warwickshire.
invited to attend the board.

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20
Appendix A

Statistical information
Number of sexual, violent and other offenders covered by Warwickshire
Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) No. of offenders

1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs)

i) The number of RSOs living in Warwickshire on 183


31st March 2004.

This information excludes RSOs in prison.

ia) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population. 36

ii) The number of sex offenders having a registration 3


requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for
breaches of the requirement, between 1st April 2003
and 31st March 2004.

iii) The number of full Sex Offender Orders (a) applied for and
(b) imposed by the courts in Warwickshire between
1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004. a) 0
b) 0

iv) The number of interim Sex Offender Orders (a) applied for
and (b) imposed by the courts in Warwickshire between
1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004. a) 0
b) 0

2. Category 2: violent offenders and other sexual offenders

v) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined 53


by Section 68 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice and
Court Services Act (2000)) living in Warwickshire between
1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004

3. Category 3: Other offenders

vi) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 67 37


(2)(b) of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act (2000))
between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004.

vii) The number of Restraining Orders imposed on any MAPPA 0


offenders by the courts in Warwickshire between 1st April
2003 and 31st March 2004.

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4. MAPPP cases

(viii) The number of MAPPA offenders in each of the three


categories who have been managed through the MAPPP
(level 3) between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004.

Registered Sex Offenders 2


Violent Offenders 1
Other Offenders 0

This figure is the ‘critical few’. The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP
are defined in MAPPA Guidance as those in which the offender:
● is assessed under OASys as being a high or very high risk of causing
serious harm; AND
● presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close
co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or
because of the unusual resource commitments it requires; OR
● although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is
exceptional because the likelihood of media scrutiny and/or public
interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a
need to ensure that public confidence in the Criminal Justice System
is sustained.

ix) Of the cases managed by the MAPPP (i.e. (viii)) between 1st
April 2003 and 31st March 2004, the number that, whilst still in
the MAPPP:
Were returned to custody for a breach of licence a) 1
Were returned to custody for a breach of a restraining
order or sex offender order b) 0
Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence c) 0

For these purposes a serious sexual and violent offence is one of the
following (ie. the same offences as used to trigger reporting in the
National Probation Service as a ‘serious further offence’):
murder; attempted murder; arson (where there is an intent to endanger life);
manslaughter; rape; kidnap/abduction or attempted kidnap/abduction.

Any other very serious violent or very serious sexual offence, armed robbery
(defined as robbery involving a firearm), assault with a deadly weapon or
hostage taking.
Any other violent or sexual offence where the offender/offence is likely to
attract significant media interest or which raises wider issues of national
interest.

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Contacts

National Probation Service, Warwickshire Area Address Phone

Pat Johnson National Probation Service 01926 405800


Acting Area Chief Probation Officer Warwickshire Area
2 Swan Street
Warwick
CV34 4BJ

Warwickshire Police Address Phone

DS Steve Hussey Warwickshire Police HQ 01926 415142


Dangerous Offenders Unit PO Box 4
Leek Wootton
Warwickshire
CV35 7QB

Deane Jennings Warwickshire Police HQ 01926 405871


MAPPA Co-ordinator PO Box 4
Leek Wootton
Wawickshire
CV35 7QB

DC Sue Pritchard Warwickshire Police HQ 01926 415000


Dangerous Offenders Unit PO Box 4
Leek Wootton
Wawickshire
CV35 7QB

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24
Photos: Format Photographers and
the CJS Communications Team
Produced by: Media and PR Team,
Warwickshire Police 01926 415064
www.warwickshire.police.uk
www.warwickshireprobation.org.uk
Warwickshire
2004-005