The role of a MAPPA Chair • Page 3 Sexual and violent offences are dreadful crimes that deeply affect the lives of victims and their families and inspire fear in local communities. Their impact can be profound and long lasting, leaving victims feeling unsafe even in their own homes. During the course of the year there have been national high profile reports on individual cases that have focused public attention on the management of high risk offenders released into the community. Under current legislation the majority of offenders released from prison have served their lawful sentences and are released on a compulsory licence. For some offenders a transitory period in Probation managed Approved Premises is a key part of the controlled return to the community. Although serious, violent and sexual offending makes up a small proportion of all recorded crime and it inevitably causes the greatest concern. Whilst risk can never be totally eliminated it can be managed with public protection a priority for every agency involved in Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) in the West Midlands. This is the fifth Annual Report on MAPPA and like previous years it demonstrates the positive working relationships that exist between all the agencies that together make up the MAPPA structure. The communities of the West Midlands should feel confident and reassured that through our strong partnerships approach and stringent management of offenders we are reducing crime and making our communities safer. The Prison Service as the newest member of the Responsible Authorities has continued to help in developing and improving MAPPA in the region. In the autumn of 2006 the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) will formally introduce a revised system to ensure that offenders are managed consistently and coherently from the beginning of their sentence to its end. We have continued to review and make improvements to the systems in place to assess and manage sexual and violent offenders enabling us to focus on the highest risk categories of offender and concentrate even more on those regarded as the ‘critical few’. Policy and procedure has also been agreed in respect of young offenders who commit serious violent or sexual crime and the roll out of this will continue through the coming year. The MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) has continued to meet every two months to provide oversight and influence of the MAPPA operation and to ensure that strategic links are made. A national MAPPA business plan has been issued and built upon by a West Midlands Plan, which is summarized within this report. This report reflects the contributions made by all of the agencies involved in MAPPA and how the West Midlands continues to deliver a high quality service. Links with the Local Criminal Justice Board and the seven Local Safeguarding Children Boards have developed throughout the year, while we will continue to explore new ways of working together more effectively with all agencies. This is vital when facing the challenges of public protection work with a determination and commitment which demonstrates that protecting all our communities will always be of paramount importance.



Managing Registered Sex Offenders in the West Midlands • Page 7

Regional experts unite over sex offenders • Page 8

Keeping Communities Safe

Ministerial Foreword by Gerry Sutcliffe MP
Making our communities safer and reducing re-offending is our highest priority and one of our biggest challenges. That is why the work undertaken through these multi-agency public protection arrangements (MAPPA) is so important. The supervision and management of sexual and violent offenders who pose the highest risk of serious harm, whether in the community or in custody, is complex and challenging; and is an aspect of public service where the public rightly expects all reasonable action to be taken. Although we have made significant progress in the last five years with the development of MAPPA across England and Wales, the review this year of a number of tragic incidents where people have been murdered or seriously injured reminded us of the importance of reviewing performance, improving practice and learning lessons. It is vital that these tasks are undertaken by the probation, police and prison services, as well as by those other agencies that contribute to the assessment and management of offenders. The publication of MAPPA Business Plans by each Area in this year’s annual reports offers a helpful and necessary programme of local development and review and must lead to enhanced practice. It will be essential that this progress is transparent and shared with local communities. In addition to this, however, it is important that no opportunity is missed to consider other measures that will further enhance public safety. That is why we are undertaking the Child Sex Offender Review, to look at how a particular group of offenders, who provoke anxiety for many, are best managed in the community. The review is consulting a wide range of practitioners and key stakeholders including the MAPPA lay advisers, and will report around the end of the year. Finally, in commending this report to you, I want to take the opportunity to thank all those involved locally in working with sexual and violent offenders, or in ensuring that these arrangements are fit for purpose. Where MAPPA is working well it is based on maintaining high professional standards and effective multi-agency collaboration in the delivery of robust risk management plans. While it is not possible to eliminate risk entirely, where all reasonable action is taken the risk of further serious harm can be reduced to a minimum and fewer victims will be exposed to repeat offending. Gerry Sutcliffe MP Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management A national overview of the first five years of MAPPA is available at:

Hilary Thompson Chief Officer West Midlands Probation Area

Paul Scott-Lee Chief Constable West Midlands Police

Sue McAllister West Midlands Area Manager HM Prison Service


What is MAPPA?
MAPPA stands for Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements. There are 21 MAPPPs (Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels) in the West Midlands, one for each Operational Command Unit (OCU) area (as defined by the police). A MAPPP is a regular meeting of agencies concerned with the management of registered sex offenders, violent offenders and other offenders who present the highest levels of risk. The purpose of the meeting is to enable information to be shared between the agencies so that the best possible assessment of risk can be made in respect of these offenders. An agreed risk management plan is then developed for each offender based on their risk assessment. What is the legal authority for MAPPPs? The Sex Offender Act 1997 required the police to establish arrangements for assessing and managing the risk posed by registered sex offenders. The Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 placed a legal requirement on all areas to establish Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels in order to assess and manage offenders who pose a high risk of serious harm to the public. Police and Probation were defined as the Responsible Authority required to lead on this. The Criminal Justice Act 2003 has reenacted and strengthened the MAPPA legislation, engaging the Prison Service as part of the Responsible Authority and placing a Duty to Cooperate with MAPPA on a range of other agencies and organisations. Who sits on MAPPPs? Each panel is usually chaired by the OCU’s crime manager, a detective chief inspector, who may share this responsibility with a probation district manager. Core members are drawn from a number of departments of the police, probation service and social services. Education, health, housing, the prison service and other professionals attend as appropriate to the individual cases under discussion. What can a MAPPP do? A panel can advise particular agencies of action they might take to improve public protection and effectively manage risk in individual cases. Usually the agencies present will agree a range of measures, which collectively form a public protection plan. This might include, for example, restrictions or controlling measures, accommodation, supervision or treatment requirements, sharing of information, advice to the offender or potential victims or co-ordination of contact arrangements. In addition, the police will discuss applications for Sexual Offences Prevention Orders with the panel. Panels are also a forum for considering any form of public disclosure. What about confidentiality ? Information shared at MAPPPs is confidential to the agencies represented and will only be used as agreed for the protection of the public. Each agency represented is responsible for ensuring the information and documentation are handled and stored securely. Do victims have direct access to MAPPPs? No - the meeting itself is confined to representatives from agencies and organisations involved in MAPPA. However, the views and concerns of victims are crucial in helping the agencies decide on the most appropriate strategies for managing individual offenders, and depending on the circumstances of the case one or more of the MAPPA agencies - e.g. Social Services, NSPCC, probation, police - will be able to represent the interests of victims and to make their views known. Do offenders attend MAPPPs? No - again, the meeting itself involves only the MAPPA agencies. Offenders’ views will usually be known by police and/or probation. They are informed that they are being managed through a multiagency process, and key decisions about managing the risk they pose will usually be passed on to them by their probation officer or the police offender manager - unless this information is sensitive and needs to be kept confidential in order to protect known victims or the public at large. The Management Process Since June 2004, a revised three tier system has been implemented in the West Midlands to further ensure that the most dangerous offenders receive the greatest degree of scrutiny and oversight: Level One – Ordinary Case Management Where offenders who do not require formal multi-agency panel management are dealt with by one or more agencies often with police or probation taking a lead. Level Two – Multi Agency Risk Action Planning (MARAP) panel Where identified offenders are actively managed by lead agencies, with ‘added value’ intervention’ and support from a multi-agency group. Level Three – Multi Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) Where the highest level ‘risk of harm’ offenders, often referred to as the ‘critical few’, usually requiring the most resource intensive responses are assessed, managed and reviewed by all relevant agencies.

MAPPA and the Prison Service
2005-2006 has been the second year that the Prison Service has been part of the MAPPA Responsible Authority, alongside the Probation and Police Services. As part of the Responsible Authority the Prison Service is involved with MAPPA in the West Midlands both strategically, through the Strategic Management Board and operationally, through its links with the MAPPA Co-ordinator and other key agencies involved in delivery. Prisons in the West Midlands Prisons Area have continued to make important contributions to public protection by: • Sharing information with police and probation to make sure that there is a full picture for risk assessment • Attending and providing information for Level 2 and Level 3 panels • Managing risk whilst individuals subject to MAPPA are still in custody • Using interventions like group work programmes to reduce individual offenders’ risk • Using OASys – a risk assessment tool shared with Probation - to assess risk regularly and consistently • Keeping offenders safely in custody to protect the public Work continues to ensure that procedures are constantly improved and developed. The next 12 months will see significant developments as the Probation and Prison Services work more closely to achieve end-to-end offender management with high risk offenders managed under MAPPA.

Keeping Victims at the heart of MAPPA
Probation West Midlands’ Area Victim Liaison Unit (AVLU) is continuing to protect victims of serious sexual and violent crime from future harm, while providing a main link to the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). At the heart of Public Protection work is the need to protect victims. The Criminal Justice System has devoted increased attention to victim issues over recent years with additional support being provided through the arrest and pre court stage by Victim Support and Victim Witness Care through what can be a lengthy and difficult period of time. After conviction the AVLU will write to identified victims to offer the facility of contact and information. If willing, victims receive basic information covering the offender’s progress whilst in custody and can have their views taken into account by authorities which consider release on any form of licence. This can lead to additional licence conditions that may restrict direct contact or exclude offenders from certain clearly defined geographical areas. Victim staff may continue to be involved in the MAPPA process after the prisoner has been released and serve to ensure that victim needs are taken into account when considering how best to manage individuals within the community. Under the provisions of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000, the AVLU has statutory responsibility for victim work in cases of serious sexual and violent crime where the offender receives a prison sentence of 12 months or more. This has been further extended under sections 36 - 44 of the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 to include victims or victims’ families of serious sexual and violent offences, where offenders have been made the subject of hospital orders with restriction. The unit also undertakes work with some victims of sex offenders not covered by this statutory obligation.

2 MAPPA annual report 2005-06

The role of a MAPPA Chair a case study of ‘X’ By DCI Gary Campbell
New roles are always challenging, however I would suggest the responsibility felt when chairing your first MAPPA meeting is close to as good as it gets. My first meeting was an emergency one, called in respect of ‘X’, a man who had previously raped five and twelve year old girls. Now on the next step of his rehabilitation he was moving to accommodation in my area. Without much time for introductions, by the end of that first meeting I knew for sure that the people round the table were partners in the truest sense of the word. This was a shared responsibility; it had to be as it wasn’t one I wanted to shoulder alone. Since that time we have met and discussed around a hundred
Detective Chief Inspector Gary Campbell

offenders, each presenting their own challenges. Commitment from all partners to inform the process, respect each others roles, responsibilities and expertise is essential to co-ordinating a shared responsibility for the risks presented and the management of those risks. Over time it has become clear that my partners from Probation, Social Care & Health, Health and Housing providers all share the same values. The MAPPA is about recognising and managing risk. As a team we work towards rehabilitation. We ensure that this is done incrementally with sufficient checks to ensure public safety. We reward compliance and have seen many offenders move back into the community with the comprehensive action plans to ensure the minimum

risk of harm. We use specific and proportionate conditions that are agreed and enforced with full commitment by all agencies. This ensures compliance or will provide the early grounds to recall, convict or seek additional orders as necessary to protect the public. A number of our offenders will confirm this. For those wondering, we have managed ‘X’ for around a year, he has made progress towards rehabilitation but, as would be expected is still subject to stringent conditions. Having invested our time, professionalism and commitment to those conditions he has complied throughout and the public have remained safe.

MAPPA and Offender Management
Important new developments are taking place in both the Probation and Prison Services that will support and enhance the work of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in the West Midlands. The Prison and Probation Services are now linked through an umbrella organisation – the National Offender Management Service. A key part of the work of NOMS is to introduce a system to ensure that offenders are managed consistently and coherently from the beginning of their sentence to its end. The Probation Service has already been working to implement a single Offender Management system for offenders managed in the community. The Probation and Prison Services are now working together to introduce this same system for offenders in custody. From September 2006, offenders who have been assessed as high and very high risk of causing serious harm to the public will have an Offender Manager – based in the Probation Service – who will work with them from the beginning to the end of their sentence. This will mean less duplication in assessments and coherence in how an individual offender is assessed and their sentence managed. Whilst the offender is in custody, the Prison Service will ensure that an Offender Supervisor is in place to provide a strong link between the offender and their Offender Manager. The Offender Supervisor will make sure that the targets set for the offender by their Offender Manager are worked towards and met. A large part of this work will be about reducing and managing risk. The Offender Manager and the Offender Supervisor will work very closely together to share information and to make sure that their risk assessments are regularly updated and used to inform decisions about the offender’s sentence and targets.This co-ordination and communication will greatly enhance what MAPPA has to offer in its management of high and very high risk offenders.

Key Aims for Public Protection
The West Midlands MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) has produced a rolling three year business plan which can be found on West Midlands Probation and Police Websites at and This plan will guide the work of the SMB with a clear focus upon further developing MAPPA arrangements, monitoring and evaluation, community engagement and communication, and training.

Short summary of planned activity
Area of business activity Practice development Planned activity • Apply revised national guidance Autumn 2006 onwards • To review administration support for MAPPA • Implement Youth Panel policy • Reinforce links to Local Criminal justice Board and its Diversity group. • Ensure effective linkages with Local Authority Community Safety strategies. • Promote usage of Approved Premises and suitable ‘move on’ accommodation • Develop effective linkages with Supporting People Teams • Ensure resources focussed according to risk levels • To review information sharing with Job Centre Plus • Develop Circles of Accountability and Support • Monitor numbers at various MAPPA levels • Case audit • Monitor attendance of key partner agencies • Monitor diversity profile of level 2 / 3 offenders • To develop and actively promote work of MAPPA and SMB to both internal and external audiences. • Ensure effective partnerships with safeguarding boards • Provision of training for staff engaged in MAPPA process

Diversity & Community Impact issues With partners to promote an accommodation strategy for high risk offenders. Effective risk management of high risk offenders

Review Audit arrangements for MAPPA operation:

Communications and strategic partnerships Training

3 MAPPA annual report 2005-06

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrange

West Midlands Police Operational Command

(Each of the 21 OCUs has a Multi-Agency Pu
H2 G1
Birmingham Rd Darlaston Bilston Wednesbury Sedgley Tipton WEDNESFIELD Bloxwich Aldridge WALSALL





D2 F3
Walsall Rd Castle Vale Erdington THORNHILL ROAD Holyhead Rd
Bridge St West

Kingswinford Dudley

Oldbury BRIERLEY HILL Old Hill


QUEENS ROAD Bromford La Shard End Nechells Green Bordesley Green Coventry Rd

K2 F2
Quinton ROSE ROAD Ladywood



Vyse St




Edward Rd BELGRAVE RD Acocks Sparkhill Green Woodbridge Rd


Solihull North


Airport Unit




Kings Norton



My MAPPA contact is..........................................................................................
West Midlands Police Chief Constable PO Box 52 Lloyd House Colmore Circus Queensway Birmingham B4 6NQ Tel: 0845 113 5000 E-mail: Internet: Joint Public Protection Unit West Midlands Police Community Safety Bureau 3rd Floor Lloyd House Colmore Circus Queensway Birmingham B4 6NQ Tel: 0121 609 6954

Probation West M

Prison Service Regional Office Tel: 01743 284560

Chief Officer Probation West M 1 Victoria Square Birmingham B1 1BD Tel: E-mail: Internet:

0121 2 wm.en www.w

Keeping Communities Safe - Victim Support Help Line - Tel: 0845 303 0900 - Manag
4 MAPPA annual report 2005 - 06

ements (MAPPA) in the West Midlands
The 21 Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPPs)
D1 Operational Command Unit Queens Road Police Station Queens Road, Aston Birmingham B6 7ND
D2 Operational Command Unit Lichfield Road Police Station Sutton Coldfield B74 2NR
D3 Operational Command Unit Stechford Police Station 338 Station Road Stechford Birmingham B33 8RR

d Units (OCUs)

ublic Protection Panel)

E1 Operational Command Unit Bournville Lane Police Station 341 Bournville Lane Birmingham B30 1QZ
E2 Operational Command Unit Kings Heath Police Station High Street, Kings Heath Birmingham B14 7SP
E3 Operational Command Unit Belgrave Road Police Station Belgrave Road Edgbaston Birmingham B5 7BP

F1 Operational Command Unit Steelhouse Lane Police Station Steelhouse Lane Birmingham B4 6NW
F2 Operational Command Unit Rose Road Police Station 53 Rose Road, Harborne Birmingham B17 9LL
F3 Operational Command Unit Thornhill Road Police Station Handsworth Birmingham B21 9BT


Operational Command Units
Other police stations

Probation Teams

Erdington Stuart Court 73/75 Station Road Erdington B23 6UG Tel: 0121 248 5600
Selly Oak 826 Bristol Road Selly Oak B29 6NA Tel: 0121 248 6680
Perry Barr 76 Walsall Road Birmingham B42 1SF Tel: 0121 248 6340

Homeless Offenders Resettlement Unit (HORU) 11-15 Lower Essex Street B5 6SN Tel: 0121 248 6460
Saltley 12 High Street Saltley B8 1JR Tel: 0121 248 6150
Harbourne 4 Albany Road Birmingham B17 9JX Tel: 0121 248 6230

Hamstead Road 326/328 Hamstead Road Handsworth B20 2RA Tel: 0121 248 6500
Greencoat House 259 Stratford Road Sparkbrook B11 1QS Tel: 0121 248 5611 Lower Essex Street 18-28 Lower Essex Street Birmingham B5 6SN Tel: 0121 248 6400

M1 Operational Command Unit Little Park Street Police Station Little Park Street Coventry CV1 2JX M2 Operational Command Unit Chace Avenue Police Station Chace Avenue Willenhall Coventry CV3 3PS M3 Operational Command Unit Stoney Stanton Police Station Stoney Stanton Road Coventry CV6 6DG

Chelmsley Wood
L Operational Command Unit Solihull North Police Station Coelmund Crescent Chelmsley Wood B37 5UB

Coventry Probation Team 70 Little Park Street Coventry CV1 2UR Tel: 0247 663 0555

Chelmsley Wood Probation Team The Old Post Office Bosworth Drive, Chelmsley Wood, B37 5EX Tel: 0121 779 6528

M3 M1

J1 Operational Command Unit Brierley Hill Police Station Bank Street Brierley Hill DY5 3HD J2 Operational Command Unit Halesowen Police Station Laurel Lane Halesowen B63 3JA


Stourbridge Probation Team 44 New Road Stourbridge DY8 1PA Tel: 01384 440682

Dudley Probation Team Suite 5, Trafalgar House 47-49 King Street Dudley DY2 8PS Tel: 01384 326020

Fletchamstead CHACE AVENUE



K1 Operational Command Unit West Bromwich Police Station New Street West Bromwich B70 7PJ K2 Operational Command Unit Smethwick Police Station Piddock Road Smethwick, Warley B66 3BW

West Bromwich Probation 27 High Street West Bromwich, B70 8ND Tel: 01121 525 5225

H1 Operational Command Unit Walsall Police Station Green Lane Walsall WS2 8HL H2 Operational Command Unit Bloxwich Police Station Station Road Bloxwich WS3 2PD


Walsall Probation Midland Road Walsall WS1 3QE Tel: 01922 721341


G1 Operational Command Unit Wolverhampton Police Station Bilston Street Wolverhampton WV1 3AA G2 Operational Command Unit Wednesfield Police Station Alfred Squire Road Wednesfield Wolverhampton WV11 1XU

Wolverhampton Probation Prue Earle House Union Street Wolverhampton WV1 3JS Tel: 01902 576000

248 6650

West Midlands Police divides the area into 21 Operational Command Units (OCU), based on existing local communities. Each OCU has it’s own MAPPP, chaired by the local Detective Chief Inspector. Listed above are the 21 OCUs, a guide showing which Probation Teams of Probation West Midlands cover which MAPPP and relevant addresses and contact numbers. For West Midlands Police stations please ring 0845 113 5000.

ging Risk through MAPPA

5 MAPPA annual report 2005 - 06



What are Approved Premises? Approved Premises were formerly known as bail and / or probation hostels. They are owned by the National Probation Service for England and Wales, and managed by staff employed locally by the West Midlands Probation Board. They provide structured accommodation for offenders under the supervision of the Probation Service. Residents live in a structured regime, which includes an overnight curfew. There is 24 hour supervision by trained probation staff. What sorts of people live in Approved Premises? Approved Premises take a mix of male or female residents on bail, licence or community orders. By law, we are unable to confirm the specifics of any individual resident’s offending history. Why is this type of accommodation needed? Facilities like these are a vital part of the public protection process. They enable successful resettlement of offenders back into the community, while contributing to the reduction of reoffending. What would happen if Approved Premises were not available? Without Approved Premises and positive interventions there would be no facilities for those offenders who require more help to live successfully and safely within the community. Approved Premises are used for offenders who require closer daily supervision by probation staff. However, the vast majority of offenders under probation supervision live in their own private accommodation. Do residents pose a threat to the public? When a place at Approved Premises is found for new residents, an assessment will be made as to whether they pose any risk to the public or themselves. Offenders who cause particular concern will be referred to the local MultiAgency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP). This is headed by the local police crime manager (a detective chief inspector), the local police offender manager, senior probation staff and other officials from health, education, social services, housing and the Prison Service as required. At the MAPPP, the offender’s case will be discussed in detail and a plan of action agreed that all agencies will follow to manage any risks they pose. Options for staff include additional daytime curfews or licence conditions which place further restrictions on an individual’s movements or activities. The majority of approved premises residents are successfully rehabilitated.

Public Protection and Approved Probation Premises in the West Midlands
For some offenders a return to the community through structured accommodation will be a key part of their risk management plan and this can be aided through the use of Approved Probation Premises. In March 2006 the use of Approved Premises for managing offenders attracted significant media attention both in the West Midlands and other areas across the country. In response to this a joint Police and Probation Press statement was issued –see below. community leaders, councillors and MPs to discuss arrangements. A further meeting will follow. Public protection is the highest priority when dealing with serious offenders. The protection of children in particular lies at the heart of the strategies in place. Everything possible is done to ensure that the public is protected from offenders where a risk is posed. Management of serious sexual and violent offenders is a joint responsibility of the Police and National Probation Service, working closely within Home Office guidelines. Locally such cases are the subject of Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). The MAPPA system includes all local agencies meeting regularly to discuss cases in detail.
15 AUGUST 2006

intervention. In the case of sex offenders intensive treatment through a nationally accredited programme can form part of the arrangements. Approved premises are used for a variety of offenders and situations. They enable Probation staff and the Police to supervise offenders in a controlled way and more effectively than if they were living elsewhere in the community. Offenders placed in Approved Premises are either awaiting a court case, on a community order or following their normal release from prison, and subject to licence conditions. Those subject to license conditions can be recalled to prison if the level of risk increases.” ---------------------------------West Midland MAPPA SMB support the use of Approved Premises as an important part of risk management before move on arrangements are made to partner organisations and the voluntary sector.



“Clearly part of the public protection Decisions about the accommodation strategy is to ensure that if offenders of such offenders are made COMMUNITY PAYBACK GOES ONLINE pose a risk, their whereabouts are through the MAPPA system. The known and managed. With fewer the chance to have their say over Approved Probation Service uses how West Midlands residents are being given Approvedpay back thethe risk is raised to aPremises in certain cases to provide offenders Premises community, thanks new online service that has been and an important public protection enhanced supervision, controls and launched by Probation West Midlands. resource for such cases and indeed surveillance. Approved Premises other lessCommunity Payback, the initiative enables not simplyto nominate They are serious cases is lost. are local people hostels. compulsory Known as unpaid work projects to be completed by offendersstaffed community hour basis,that can serving on a 24 orders. Work with In the case of from graffiti removal and repairingstrict curfew conditions. In certain the local West be done ranges and redecorating community centres to Midlands Approved Premisecutting, wood chipping and general green area are put cases further conditions environmental work such as grass publicised in The News of the World, in place through MAPPA for maintenance. there has been regular contact with electronic monitoring and intensive
The campaign, which provides free labour for work that may not otherwise be completed, is reaching out to all parts of the community, with faith groups, businesses, voluntary groups and local authorities being asked to nominate projects they would like to see developed through community orders. Once the work has been completed it will be branded with the 'Community Payback' logo to show where offenders have positively contributed to improving their own neighbourhoods. Residents can nominate projects by using the new online form at: or by calling 0121 248 2688. Coventry’s Alan Higgs Centre and the Hamstead Sons of Rest Centre for the elderly are projects that have already benefited from unpaid work. Raffy Testindo, Environmental Project Manager for Alan Higgs Centre, says: “The centre has had a positive relationship with the offenders since they started work here in March 2005. We are very grateful for their help, for without them this project would take much longer to complete.” GAVIN PEARCE, Senior Comms Officer – Tel: 0121 248 6570, Mob: 07960 586 186 E-mail:

6 MAPPA annual report 2005 - 06

Managing Registered Sex Offenders By Sergeant Tessa Hawkes
The Joint Public Protection Unit is based at West Midlands Police Headquarters, where Sgt Tessa Hawkes works alongside the MAPPA co-ordinator, Paul Manning. The Unit provides specialist advice, guidance and support to our partner agencies including: Probation, Police, Social Services, Housing, Health Prisons, Youth Offending Services and Education. The Unit comprises a small team of Police and Probation staff who co-ordinate the registration and monitoring of registered sex and violent offenders. Sgt. Hawkes holds regular meetings and training sessions with the local public protection officers who have direct responsibility for the management of offenders. The local Officers are based at local Police stations. Their responsibilities include home visits and liaison with other agencies to share information and assess the risk offenders pose to the public. Persons required to register as ‘sex offenders’ have to report to the Police providing certain personal information, as well as their fingerprints and photograph. The offenders also have to notify in person any changes of address or travel arrangements. Failure to report will lead to their arrest and prosecution. The risk posed by offenders is considered and taken very seriously and this is managed through the Multi Agency Public Protection Panels that meet regularly to discuss risk management plans for individual offenders. The current high profile interest in the management of violent and sex offenders has prompted a lot of debate in the media about public safety and confidence and the West Midlands area has been subject to some scrutiny. One area that had potential to cause serious concern was the issue of teaching staff who may have previous convictions for sexual offences. Sgt. Hawkes undertook enquiries with the Department for Education to assess whether any individuals were working in this area and at the time of the enquiry no cases were found. The former Home Secretary, Charles Clarke announced that head teachers would be informed of any Approved Premises in the vicinity of schools, this has been done. The disclosure of information is a very sensitive and emotive issue, which should be balanced with a ‘need to know’ and the potential risk to the community, for example, a sex offender exposed in the press may leave his or her home and go missing. A Registered Sex Offender whose whereabouts are unknown to the Police poses a far greater risk to the community than one whose whereabouts is known, allowing robust and appropriate monitoring.

Sergeant Tessa Hawkes

Megan’s Law - US compared to the UK
In America there are various adaptations of ‘Megan’s Law’, where details of sex offenders are made public. In some States full details of the offender together with personal details and photographs are published on the Internet. One of the consequences of this is the high number of offenders whose whereabouts are unknown. The West Midlands conurbation is comparable to Chicago where the population is 2.8 million, there are approximately 4,000 registered sex offenders - of these 17% have failed to comply with registration legislation. In the West Midlands the population is 2.5 million, with just over 2,000 registered sex offenders. The West Midlands have a 1% non compliance rate. It is by working closely with partner agencies and sharing information that offenders who pose a potential risk to the public are managed and monitored within the community.

The work of the Training and Development Sub Committee
The West Midlands Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) Training and Development Sub Committee is coordinating training for all member agencies in all aspects of MAPPA. It aims to help public protection professionals to identify the risk an offender poses and how best to manage that risk. The committee is made up of representatives from the police, probation, social services, education, and the NSPCC. At the start of the financial year a letter from the committee was sent to fifty senior executives of the ‘Duty to Cooperate’ agencies in the West Midlands, asking them to identify their training needs. The feedback has prompted a major event in November, where all professionals engaged in MAPPA will be invited to a Conference in Birmingham to address their needs and to respond to the challenges faced during the year. New MAPPA guidance is expected early next year and the Training and Development Sub-Committee will address the training requirements identified in the document. The ‘Violent and Sex Offenders Register’ (ViSOR) is fully implemented across the force area and is in use on every OCU. Training continues in order to increase the number of officers able to use the system and will include members of the Probation Service working in the Joint Public Protection Unit at police headquarters. There is ongoing training for all Sex Offender Managers in the police, and for Probation Officers engaged in the process. This year the chairs of Multi Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPP) from police and probation completed a two day training course. The course provided valuable learning opportunities and will be repeated next year. Consultation with other forces in the region has identified best practice in the area of training and a CD is planned to incorporate relevant legislation, procedures, advice, and guidance that is available locally and at a national level. It is planned that the CD will be available by the end of the financial year.

Lay Advisors the public’s ‘eyes and ears’
A HOME OFFICE scheme that involves members of the public in decision-making about sexual and violent offenders is vital to the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) in the West Midlands. Two volunteer Lay Advisors, who were interviewed and appointed in June 2002 after an extensive recruitment campaign, sit on the Strategic Management Board of the West Midlands MAPPA. Lay Advisor Martin Burnett sees his role as an important safeguard against any suspicion of decision making “behind closed doors”. “Our role as Lay Advisors is to bring a different perspective into the decision making and strategic process. While others bring their particular professional knowledge and skills, the Lay Advisor must think as a member of the public - what would the public expect - and is that what’s happening. The role is still a developing one, but this distinctive perspective means Lay Advisors can, and we think should, play a part in the oversight and scrutiny of decisions made and policies brought in. To bear this out, in the West Midlands Lay Advisors participate not only in the SMB but also in the Policy and Procedure and Serious Case Review Sub Committees.”

The work of the Policy & Procedure Sub Committee
The Policy and Procedure Sub Committee’s role is to provide the Strategic Management Board (SMB) with relevant policy and procedure documents for formal approval. The group is comprised of representatives from Police, Probation, Social Services and the voluntary sector. Over the course of the year this group has considered documents relating to risk of harm thresholds and the relationship between domestic violence and MAPPA. A new policy in relation to MAPPA panels for young offenders has also been considered and is currently being rolled out. The group have also looked at a detailed consultation paper which will form the basis of new revised national guidance on MAPPA processes to be issued in late 2006. The group have recognised the importance of effective communication between the SMB and local panels and have introduced a bi-monthly briefing document for distribution to local panels and partner agencies. Work continues on a media protocol to foster effective working between MAPPA and the media.

7 MAPPA annual report 2005 - 06

Mark Farmer, Head of RSOU



MAPPA Statistics for 2005 - 2006
Registered Sex Offenders (RSO) as at 31st March 2006 Per Operational Command Unit (OCU) Birmingham D1 134 D2 93 D3 117 E1 125 E2 76 E3 91 F1 37 F2 100 F3 86 Wolverhampton G1 88 G2 131 Walsall H1 78 H2 78 Dudley J1 86 J2 87 Sandwell K1 109 K2 91 Solihull L 103 Coventry M1 77 M2 73 M3 65 Total: 1925 i) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population - 74 ii) The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirements between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 - 147 iii) The number of Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for and granted between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 a) Applied for 31 b) Number of interim orders granted 0 c) Number of full SOPOs imposed 31 iv) The number of Notification Orders applied for and granted between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 a) Applied for 0 b) Interim Orders made 0 c) Full Notification Orders 0 v) The number of Foreign Travel Orders made between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 a) Applied for 0 b) Granted 0 vi) The number of Category 2 MAPPA Offenders: Violent Offenders and other sexual offenders (V&OS) living in the area between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 - 716 vii) The number of Category 3 MAPPA Offenders : Other Offenders living in the area between1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 - 16 viii) The number of offenders in each of the three categories managed through the MAPPP level 3 and Level 2 interagency panels between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 RSO V&O OthO Level 3 33 10 3 Level 2 624 138 13

Regional experts unite over sex offenders
THE West of Midlands Region is hosting the country’s first regional treatment unit to develop new ways of preventing sex offenders from committing repeat crimes. The Regional Sex Offender Unit (RSOU) has brought together expert staff from Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Mercia and West Midlands Probation Areas who will treat sex offenders released on licence from prison or on community orders. The Head of the RSOU, Mark Farmer, has previously managed the Homeless Offender Unit in Birmingham, the Area Sex Offender Unit was seconded to set up a treatment centre for adolescent sex offenders. He says: “The RSOU aims to become a centre of excellence for the treatment of sex offenders, by employing staff from across the entire West Midlands region and pooling their expertise. We employ a range of people from the prison and probation services, together with psychologists who test offenders before, during and after the treatment. This enables us to monitor performance and continuously improve quality of service.” A person convicted of a sexual offence may be given a custodial sentence. After release from prison, an offender has to follow a set of licence conditions, or otherwise face a return to jail. This can include a requirement to attend what is known as an accredited programme, which is proven to reduce re-offending. The person will then join a group of offenders to be treated by specially trained staff known as programme facilitators. Lower risk offenders must attend a programme for 100 hours, while higher risk offenders may attend for 230 hours, which can take up to two years to complete. Anyone who fails to attend twice without good reason faces being sent back to court. The RSOU runs over 40 programme groups a year and is committed to continuously improving the quality of its service. All programme sessions are filmed and recorded onto DVD, while one in 10 are observed by a treatment manager, who ensures that the programme meets quality standards. “All programme tutors are experienced prison and probation staff,” explains Mark. “Before delivering a course, they receive specialist training that is specific to the sex offender programme, while learning the necessary skills to deal with this type of offender. The first 100 hours of their programme delivery is observed to ensure that they put all of their skills into practice, before they receive further training and assessment. “I hope that the RSOU continues to lead the way in the treatment of sex offenders, and to continue to reduce reoffending and prevent further victims of crime in the West Midlands region.”

ix) Of the cases managed through viii) during this reporting year the numbers that were Level 3 Level 2 a) Returned to custody for breach of licence 6 103 b) Returned to custody for breach of Restraining Order 0 2 or Sexual Offences Prevention Order c) Charged with a serious violent or sexual offence 1 0

Statistical Commentary
i) Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs): The numbers have decreased by just over 10% against last year’s recorded figures (2158). This figure should relate to RSOs living in the community in this area as at 31st March 2006. The difference from last year appears to be due to several factors. First is that 111 people have been returned to custody for breach of licence/order requirements during the year, secondly that some RSOs will have reached the end of original registration periods and finally there is much better clarity about the current status of some eligible Sex Offenders. This may have led to our including serving prisoners who will have to register on release within last year’s figures. This has now been rectified. ii) Breaches of registration requirements : There has been an increase of 119 cases against last year’s figure (28). Based on the current number of RSOs this is both a large numerical and percentage increase. This illustrates the preparedness of Criminal Justice Staff including Police, CPS and Court Service to enforce Registration requirements. It again demonstrates the continuing effectiveness of a robust approach to the management of registered offenders, the continuing majority of whom (99.4% in WM Police Area) remain fully compliant with the requirements of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. iii) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders : These replaced both Sex Offender Orders and Restraining Orders with effect from 1st May 2005. There have also been further related civil orders made available to the police via courts. The total number imposed has increased significantly from last year (5). This is due to both an increase in applications for such orders by local Police districts as well as an increasing trend for courts to impose them during sentencing exercises. iv) Notification Orders : This is a new civil order available under the Sexual Offences Act (SOA) 2003 for sex offenders with no relevant convictions within England and Wales but relevant and related convictions abroad. v) Foreign Travel Orders : A further civil order from the SOA 2003 seeking to prevent Registered Sex Offenders travelling abroad to target potential victims overseas. vi) Violent and other sexual offenders : This total is to record those offenders convicted to 12 months or more incarceration for specified violent or non-registerable sex offences, who are now subject to community supervision by Probation, Youth Offending Teams and Mental Health Services. The 39% increase reflects a greater number of offenders receiving communnity supervision following incarceration of 12 months or more during the year. vii) Other Offenders : This figure has slightly dropped from last year (21).This reflects a more robust understanding and implementation of the guidance definition which is that offender must have past relevant MAPPA conviction for violence or sexual offending and be seen to pose significant risk of serious harm, yet not be subject to current sex offender registration or licence supervision. viii) Offenders managed through MAPPA panels at Level 3 or 2: This figure counts the number of relevant offenders who have been within the community at some stage during the recording period. This year’s figures have been changed to include counts for both types of local MAPPA panel. As mentioned within last year’s report, the breakdown of area figures have altered substantially following significant work locally to focus resources and target responses appropriately based upon rigorous risk assessment and robust risk management. This year at Level 3 we have again discussed a total of 46 relevant offenders, identical to last year’s total figure(46). There has been an increase in total Level 2 cases of over 16% (+111) against last year’s Level 2 figures. However as a % of the total eligible MAPPA cases the increase is only 4%. There have been a small increase in registered sex offenders who have been discussed at local Level 2 panels and a greater number of Violent offenders under discussion compared to past years. However during the year we have undertaken an exercise to remove any inappropriate cases discussed at Level 2 in order to ensure that this total number (775) continues to be subject to efficient and effective risk assessment and risk management. ix) Breaches and further offending: (a) a substantially larger number of MAPPA offenders were returned to custody for breach of licence this year (compared to 68), suggesting vigilance and effective offender management in dealing with breaches in agreed licence conditions. (b) There has been a slight increase in those returned to custody for breaching Civil Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (last year 1) still suggesting that most offenders are becoming more familiar and compliant with MAPPA requirements and better managed under such systems. (c) The number of individuals convicted for further serious offences is one less than last year (2) against a 1% increase in numbers managed under MAPPA. Whilst any further serious offending is a regrettable tragedy, this year’s figures continue to indicate that the MAPPA is successful in managing those offenders who pose the greatest threat to the wider community.

Editor: Gavin Pearce - Senior Communications Officer Probation / 26031 West Midlands Police 2006