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NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE

for England and Wales

CUMBRIA NORTH WEST AREA


DESIGNED & PRINTED BY PRINT GRAPHIC LTD • 01228 593900
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Since becoming a Responsible Authority the Public
Protection Team at Her Majesty's Prison Haverigg
have worked closely with both the Probation Service
and Police in delivering an effective risk management }
policy aimed at reducing the level of risk posed to the
public upon the release of certain high risk offenders.
DAVE RODGERS

}
HEAD OF OFFENDER
MANAGEMENT HMP HAVERIGG

The NSPCC in Cumbria is committed to working in


partnership with other agencies within MAPPA to
safeguard children and others from those identified
}
}
as posing a risk within the county. By managing the
risk through MAPPA we have the opportunity to
protect children and reduce harm.
LIZ BENSON
AREA CHILDRENS
SERVICES MANAGER NSPCC
In a number of high profile cases within Cumbria
collaborative multi-agency initiatives under MAPPA
}
have not only assisted in minimising harm to members
of the public, but also contributed in identifying and
providing the level of care and support for the
patient. MAT JANSEN
MENTALLY DISORDERED DEVELOPMENT
OFFICER - CUMBRIA

NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE


for England and Wales

CUMBRIA NORTH WEST AREA

CUMBRIA
Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements
Annual Report 2004 - 2005
02 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

This Document
How to contact us
This is a joint report of the National Probation Service Cumbria,
Cumbria Constabulary and Her Majesty’s Prison Service North We welcome feedback and if you have any
West setting out how we manage the risks posed by sex comments to make about this report they should
offenders and other dangerous offenders in Cumbria. be sent to one of the addresses below:

It is the fourth such report covering the period of April 2004 to


March 2005 and has been produced in accordance with s.67(4)
of the Criminal Justice and Courts Services Act 2000.In addition Assistant Chief Officer (Interventions)
to describing details of arrangements for Cumbria, it provides National Probation Service
some statistical data and contact points. Cumbria Area Headquarters
Lime House
Wetheral
Cumbria
CA4 8EW
Tel: 01228 560057

Further Copies and Additional Information


Further copies of the report and additional information can be obtained
Superintendent (Operations)
from the MAPPA Registrar:
Cumbria Constabulary
Police Headquarters
Kendal Probation Office, Busher Lodge
Carleton Hall
149 Stricklandgate , Kendal LA9 4RF
Penrith
Tel: 01539 81601
Cumbria
CA10 2AU
Tel: 01768891999

North West Area Office


HM Prison Service
Stirling House
Ackhurst Business Park
Foxhole Road
Chorley
Lancashire
PR7 1NY
Tel: 01257 248628
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
03

CONTENTS

MINISTERIAL FOREWORD BY BARONESS SCOTLAND ............................04

FOREWORD / NATIONAL OVERVIEW........................................................05

THE ROLE OF THE PRISON SERVICE IN MAPPA -2004/5 ..........................07

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS IN CUMBRIA ..........................................................08

HOW MAPPA WORKS ..............................................................................10

HOW THE MAPPA WORKS IN CUMBRIA ................................................12

CASE STUDIES ............................................................................................13

THE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT BOARD OF MAPPA ..............................14

STATISTICAL INFORMATION ......................................................................16


04 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

MINISTERIAL FOREWORD BY BARONESS SCOTLAND


The work being undertaken to improve the safety of serious harm. For the continued success of MAPPA this
communities through the Multi-Agency Public Protection collaboration together with the scrutiny of policy and practice
Arrangements (MAPPA) is vitally important and a priority for must become the hallmark of these arrangements. Similarly
government. The annual reports for 2004/5 provide evidence MAPPA must integrate with other public protection
of that active engagement. Violence and sexual abuse are mechanisms dealing with child abuse, domestic abuse and
unacceptable wherever they occur and it is evident that racial abuse.
through MAPPA such offenders are identified and better
managed than ever before. As the number of offenders within For me one of the most exciting developments in this arena in
MAPPA continues to grow as expected there is clear evidence the last 12 months has been the appointment of lay advisers to
that the Responsible Authority, that is the local police, assist the Responsible Authority in the oversight of the
probation and the Prison Service, is addressing these additional arrangements. As ordinary members of the public these lay
demands by strengthening local partnerships, using new advisers represent a diverse, able and committed group of
statutory powers to restrict the behaviour of offenders, people who are now helping the statutory agencies to oversee
returning offenders to custody where they breach their licence the work being undertaken through MAPPA and communicate
or order, and using the findings of research and inspection to with the public more effectively. Without a growing sense of
strengthen national guidance and local practice. public knowledge and confidence about this work much of the
benefits of the public protection arrangements will be lost.
Although it is never possible completely to eliminate the risk
posed by dangerous offenders, MAPPA is helping to ensure I hope this annual report will be useful, informative and re-
that fewer people are re-victimised. assuring to local communities. The agencies and individuals
who have contributed to the achievement of MAPPA locally
The active implementation of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) are to be commended.
during the last year has clearly enhanced the ability of a
number of agencies including health, social services and
housing to work collaboratively with the Responsible Baroness Scotland
Authority in assessing and managing those sexual and violent Minister of State for Criminal Justice
offenders in our communities who pose the highest risk of and Offender Management
FOREWORD / NATIONAL OVERVIEW
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
05
We have pleasure in presenting this fourth report on behalf of • The Act imposes a `Duty to Cooperate` with the Responsible
The National Probation Service – Cumbria, Cumbria Authority MAPPA upon certain agencies, including: Local
Constabulary and Her Majesty’s Prison Service North West. It authority housing, education, social services, Youth
sets out how we have developed our work together along with Offending Teams, Health Authorities, Children’s services and
a number of other agencies in protecting the public from electronic tagging. Under such arrangements these
sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders in Cumbria, additional agencies combine forces to manage the risk posed
within the Multi- Agency Public Protection Arrangements to the public by serious offenders.
(MAPPA). • Confirming the national appointment of two members of the
public as `lay advisors` in each of the 42 strategic
Sexual and violent offences are terrible crimes that deeply management boards that review them. Cumbria was one of
affect the lives of victims and their families and cause fear in the original pilot areas to use `lay advisors` and their roles
local communities. Their impact can be profound and long have been further established over the last year. The lay
lasting, leaving victims feeling vulnerable and unsafe in their advisors are intended to bring an ordinary person’s
homes. The Government regards tackling sexual and violent perspective to the boards, and have an opportunity to
crimes as one of its highest priorities. The excellent work by the question what is done and why in their area. Their
Responsible Authority and partner agencies under the MAPPA contribution to developing the complex and sensitive work
has significantly developed over the last four years and is now of public protection has been received appropriately.
recognised as a world-leading system for public protection.
Work on the duty to cooperate has been a central theme for
The MAPPA grew out of the closer working relationship which development this year. Crucial to this work is the trust and
developed between the Police and Probation (and latterly cooperation between agencies that allows information to be
other agencies) in the late 1990s.Sections 67 & 68 of the exchanged and full participation in the assessment and
criminal Justice and Court Services Act (2000) first enacted management of the risks posed by potentially dangerous
these arrangements. Sections 325-327 of the Criminal Justice people. Good relationships between agencies require ongoing
Act (2003) re-enacted and strengthened those provisions. effort and cannot be taken for granted. It is a credit to those
Essentially, the legislation requires the police, probation and involved in this difficult area of work that such effective multi-
prison services (acting jointly as the `Responsible Authority`) in agency work towards public protection is evident in Cumbria.
each of the 42 areas of England and Wales:
Nationally there has been a statutory requirement for the
(i) to establish arrangements for assessing and Responsible Authorities and `Duty to Cooperate ` agencies to
managing the risks posed by sexual and violent sign up to a local multi-agency Information Exchange Protocol
offenders and Memorandum of Understanding. These two documents
(ii) to review and monitor the arrangements; and, as have emerged at a time when statutory bodies have come
part of the reviewing and monitoring arrangements under criticism in high profile cases. The protocols provide a
(iii) to prepare and publish an annual report on their framework for multi-agency working that promotes
operation. confidence between the agencies themselves and inspires
greater public confidence that the risks posed by dangerous
2004-2005 has seen developments in MAPPA both nationally offenders are being more effectively identified and managed.
and in Cumbria concentrated on the implementation of the Consideration is given to the human rights of the offender,
provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003.These provisions public safety, the prevention of crime, and the protection of
came into force on 5 April 2004 and help strengthen the the rights and freedoms of others.
MAPPA by:

• Making the Prison Service part of the `Responsible Authority`


with the Police and Probation Service.
06 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

Other Legislation/Developments

In addition to this work to strengthen the MAPPA, the Advances in information technology are important in
Government has also begun to strengthen other statutory supporting public protection work so that information can be
provisions, the most significant of which are the Sexual shared swiftly and efficiently.2004- 2005 has seen the
Offences Act 2003 and measures, due to commence in April introduction nationally of an advanced database for sexual
2005 which introduce new `Public Protection` sentences for and violent offenders, known as VISOR (Violent and Sex
`dangerous` offenders which will keep them in custody until Offender Register). VISOR provides agencies with a national
they no longer pose a serious risk to the public. database to register, risk assess and manage sex offenders.
The system is currently being managed by the Police and is
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 overhauled many antiquated due to be rolled out for use to the national Probation Service
sexual offences, strengthened the sex offender registration in due course and will also include violent offenders and
requirement and introduced new civil orders, with stringent others who may cause serious harm to the public.
conditions to help prevent further offences being committed.
In Cumbria we have already used many of the new tools
provided by the Act enthusiastically to deal with the risks
posed by sex offenders.

Victim Focus
In addition to the MAPPA work
to tackle offenders, greater
emphasis continues to be placed
on meeting the needs of victims.
Victims of sexual offending are
identified as a priority group We recognise that the nature of much of the offending described in this report is of a
within the National Victims and particularly disturbing nature, making public debate difficult and often highly charged.
Witnesses Strategy which aims to Although sexual and violent offences comprise a small proportion of all recorded crime,
improve support and protection it is not surprising that they cause the greatest concern. We therefore believe that it is
for victims and witnesses. vital that communities understand the size, nature and complexity of the problem and
This work is part of the Domestic what we do to manage risk.
Violence, Crime and Victims Actl
which creates a new Public protection is a high priority for every agency involved with MAPPA.We are pleased
independent Commissioner for with progress made thus far and hope that this report will inform you and reassure you
Victims and Witnesses to be a that MAPPA in Cumbria are developing and working effectively to make Cumbria a safer
champion for victims of crime place for all who live, work and visit here.
and a new statutory Code of
Practice which will consolidate
existing procedures.
MIKE MAIDEN MICHAEL BAXTER DI LOCKWOOD
Chief Probation Officer Chief Constable Assistant Director of
National Probation Cumbria Constabulary HM Prison Service
Service Cumbria
THE ROLE OF THE PRISON SERVICE IN MAPPA -2004/5
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
07
One of the important ways in which the Criminal Justice Act Prompt identification of MAPPA offenders so that their
(2003) strengthened the MAPPA was to make the Prison details can be used in sentence planning arrangements,
Service part of the Responsible Authority with police and including interventions to manage and reduce risk
probation in each of the 42 Areas in England and Wales. The
Prison Service has been given this enhanced role in recognition Regular monitoring of the behaviour of those assessed as
of the important part it plays in protecting the public by presenting the highest risk, and sharing information with
keeping offenders in custody; helping them to address the police and probation colleagues
causes of their offending behaviour; and by undertaking other
work to assist their successful resettlement. All relevant risk management information being provided to
multi agency meetings which help plan an offender’s release
As part of the Responsible Authority the Prison Service is now
represented on each of the Strategic Management Boards At least three months notification to police and probation of
(SMBs) in the 42 Areas. The Prison estate is configured the expected release dates of those offenders who have been
differently from Police/Probation areas in that its referred to the multi-agency public protection panel
establishments are contained within only 12 geographical (MAPPP), and at least six weeks notification of those being
areas and two functional areas – the High Security estate, and managed at level 2 risk meetings
Contracted Prisons. For this reason arrangements for Prison
Service representation on SMBs vary across the country, but No changes to release dates or arrangements being made
each Prison Service Area Manager has entered into an without prior consultation with police and probation
agreement with the SMBs on how the Service will contribute
both strategically and operationally to the MAPPA. The main
focus of the Prison Service contribution is at an operational Playing an effective role in the multi agency risk management
level. A number of measures have been put in place across the of MAPPA offenders requires good communication between
prison estate to ensure that this will be effective and result in: criminal justice partners. The Prison Service has taken steps to
ensure that there are dedicated points of contact for public
protection at both Area level and in every prison
establishment, and that these are published together with
police and probation contacts to ensure better communication
across the Responsible Authority.

With the ever increasing MAPPA population and proportion of


those received into prison likely to grow with the introduction
of the new public protection sentences, the inclusion of the
Prison Service as part of the Responsible Authority will
continue to be vital in protecting the public.
08 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS IN CUMBRIA


It is worthy of note that of all the offenders subject to MAPPA
proceedings (i.e. Levels 2 and 3) none were charged with a
serious sexual or violent offence during this reporting
period.This must be regarded as a successful outcome.

During 2004/05 much of our activity in Cumbria has focused


on implementing the new legislation and this has included
developing or relationship with the Prison Service as the third
Responsible Authority under MAPPA.

Staffs from Haverigg prison and the local MAPPA team have
established regular Public Protection meetings which are held
at the prison. High risk prisoners are identified early and
interventions put in place to manage and reduce the risk such
individuals present to the public on release.

Written protocols have been established with prisons


regarding the reception and release of offenders subject to
MAPPA proceedings which has improved the efficiency and
accuracy of information exchange.

A `Memorandum of Understanding` and Exchange of


Information Protocol governing how the Duty to Cooperate
agencies work together to assess and manage high risk
offenders has been signed up to by all the relevant agencies
in Cumbria.

The Probation Service Approved Premises Carlisle has


successfully managed a number of offenders subject to
MAPPA proceedings, involving high levels of monitoring and
supportive supervision.

A number of successful training events have been held over


the last 12 months.MAPPA training was delivered on a multi-
agency basis by the Lucy Faithful Foundation (a child
protection charity), focussing on developing practice in the
area of risk assessment and management of sexual offenders.
One of our notable achievements has been in the area of
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
09
improving the accuracy and consistency of the risk assessment
of offenders. The MAPPA team developed a manual of local
Practice Instructions for the Probation Service and training
was delivered to all staff regarding the assessment, referral
and management process of MAPPA offenders.

MAPPA meetings have ensured that the victim perspective is


appropriately represented with a Victim Liaison officer in
attendance in 95% of relevant meetings.
The victim perspective is crucial when formulating risk
management plans and has resulted in a range of actions
including specific prison licence conditions not to contact
individuals, support to victims from the Children and Adult
Protection Unit (CAPU) of Cumbria Constabulary and the offer
of both personal and house alarms in extreme circumstances.

The MAPPA team have regularly provided presentations to


other agencies on the work that we do in order to develop an
understanding of the work of the MAPPA and how such
agencies can contribute to the assessment and management
of high risk offenders. Diversity is an important aspect of the
work of the MAPPA and such agencies have been
instrumental in assisting the development of a greater
understanding of the communities we serve and the
offenders living in this area.

MAPPA continues to work closely with the NSPCC in Cumbria,


who provide a valuable resource for the specialist assessment
and treatment of male sexual offenders. During the last year
a total of 8 offenders subject to the MAPPA process have been
assessed and /or attended an intensive group work
programme.

Significant links have been made with the Dangerous and


Severe Personality Disorder Unit based in Newcastle. This is a
vital resource for the management of high risk offenders.
Specialist input from staff to the MAPPA process has resulted
in a number of offenders with difficult behaviours being
successfully maintained in the community without the
commission of further offences and reduced risks to the
public.
10 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

HOW MAPPA WORKS

Who are the MAPPA offenders?


There are principally three categories of offender who fall
within the MAPPA:

Category 1 - Registered Sex Offenders (RSO’s), that is those


sexual offenders required to register under the terms of the
Sex Offenders Act (1997) and its amendments (2003).

Category 2 - Violent offenders and those sexual offenders


who are not required to register, and

Category 3 - Any other offender who, because of the


offence/s committed by them are considered to pose a risk
of serious harm to the public.

How are they managed?


The structure of risk management is intended to enable resources to be
deployed to manage identified risk in the most efficient and effective manner.
The level at which a case is managed is dependent upon the nature of the risk
and how it can be managed. For example, not all high-risk cases will need to be
managed by the MAPPP (Level 3 - Multi Agency Public Protection Panel) and
other less risky cases might justify MAPPP referral because of their complexity.
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
11
Level 1: Ordinary risk management

Level 1 risk management is used in cases in which the risks posed by the offender can be managed by one agency without
actively or significantly involving other agencies. Typically the lead agency will be police, prison, probation or Youth
Offending Teams. Generally offenders managed at Level 1 will be assessed as presenting a low or medium risk – the largest
proportion of all MAPPA offenders are managed at this level.

Level 2: Local Risk Management Meetings

Level 2 local inter-agency risk management is used where the active involvement of more than one agency is required. The
agencies involved are agreed locally and determined by the characteristics of that case. A permanent representation from
core agencies contributes significantly to violent risk management.

Level 2 management usually requires a monthly meeting to reassess the risks an offender presents and amend the risk
management plan accordingly.

Level 3: Multi Agency Public Protection Panel

Level 3 MAPPP meetings deal with offenders who present a high or very high risk of causing serious harm and who present
risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the
case and/or because of the unusual demands it creates or, if not high risk, the case is exceptional because of the likelihood
of media interest and/or public scrutiny. These cases are often referred to as the ‘critical few’ and most frequently relate to
offenders being released from prison or hospital
12 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

HOW THE MAPPA WORKS IN CUMBRIA


MAPPA have been developed in each of the 3 divisions in
Cumbria (North, South and West), in order to assess and
manage violent, sexual and other dangerous offenders.

The MAPPA process helps local agencies work together sharing


relevant information about offenders, planning and putting
into action strategies to protect the public. An important
aspect of the work is the reintegration of offenders into the
community so that they can be assisted to lead more law-
abiding lives. This is intended to protect the public and reduce
the number of victims of violent and sexual crime.

What happens in practice?


The organisation of MAPPA may vary across the divisions but should always be responsive to the diversity
of the local community.

MAPPA meetings in Cumbria are confidential and chaired by Senior Managers from either the probation
service or the police.

The meetings work to an agenda drawn up in advance and are generally attended by staff from the
police and probation services, victim services, health, social services, youth offending teams, prisons, local
authority housing and other agencies who might have involvement, for example specialist mental health
services and the NSPCC. Agencies share information and develop risk management plans, based on the
assessed risk the offender presents. Agreement is reached about the level of risk management so that
only the ‘critical few’ most dangerous offenders are referred to the MAPPP (Level 3), which is convened
when the needs arises.

A record of the meeting is kept which documents any decisions made and who is responsible for any tasks
agreed. A date is set to review each case at an appropriate interval, unless circumstances demand an
earlier meeting.

A countrywide protocol sets out how and when the MAPPA meet and how referrals take place. In
addition, there is a Memorandum of Understanding between the ‘Duty to Co-operate’ agencies which
sets out how agencies will work together to protect the public and a protocol regarding the Exchange
of Information, agreed by all the key agencies.

Risk Management Plans are tailored to the individual circumstances and focus on the risks identified in
each case, and the steps needed to protect the victim. There is a balance between the need to impose
conditions and controls on the offender with the provision of treatment through programmes and
services to reduce further offending.
The following case studies illustrate this approach:
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
13
Case Studies

A is a male offender with convictions for kidnap and rape B is a male offender with a long history of general
of a young girl for which he was sentenced to a 13 year criminality and violence. He had a history of self-harm and
term of imprisonment. involvement with mental health agencies. He also had an
Prior assessment by the MAPPA resulted in a number of addiction to drugs and a propensity for abusive and
strict conditions being imposed upon him at the point of offensive behaviour towards Probation Service Staff, which
his release into the community, including a condition not raised concerns for his acceptance on licence to reside at the
to have any unsupervised contact with children. location Probation Service Hostel.
A was subject to both probation supervision on licence,
and police supervision as a requirement to sign the sex B had previously been subject to public protection meetings
offenders register. and whilst in custody the MAPPA designed a very detailed
Very quickly concerns were reported to the MAPPA that A release plan involving Probation, Police, Primary and Mental
was suspected of having unsupervised contact with the Health Care Services. B was directed to reside at the
children of a neighbour. Probation Hostel with strict licence conditions and a support
A denied this and the MAPPA secured resources to enable package was developed to ensure the health and safety of
agencies to gather specific information which secured the hostel staff.
evidence to prove that A was in breach of his licence
conditions. It was expected that B would re-offend almost immediately
on release and there where real concerns for his mental
The Social Services Department and Children and Adult health. However, due to the support of the agencies and
Protection Unit of the Police (CAPU) supported the family practitioners involved in the MAPPA, B has had the longest
with whom A had been in contact with and felt reassured offence free period in the community of his adult life. He
that no actual criminal offences had occurred. has responded well to all agencies involved particularly
A’s licence was revoked as a result and he was returned to engaging with Mental Health Services, which has resulted in
prison. a more accurate assessment of his needs and hence more
appropriate treatment options.
Early assessment and a robust risk management plan,
including intensive monitoring and swift enforcement As a result of an improvement in his general behaviour he
action reduced the opportunity for A to commit further has been able to remain resident at the hostel whilst he
offences. secures more suitable independent accommodation in the
locality, assisted by an ongoing package of support and
supervision from various agencies.
14 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

THE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT BOARD OF MAPPA


First established in July 2001, the role of the Board has been to The SMB in Cumbria has over the last 12 months has focussed
evaluate and audit MAPPA activities and resolve issues that particular attention on the review, monitoring and auditing of
may be problematic with the Duty to Cooperate agencies. public protection cases with a view to developing a longer-
term analysis of the nature of high risk offenders in the county.
The launch of the national MAPPA Guidance Manual in April Examples of this work include:
2003 emphasized the importance of the Strategic Monthly case reviews are held on all high risk cases with
Management Board (SMB) in bringing rigour and scrutiny to feedback given to both practioners and senior managers.
the review and monitoring of MAPPA work. The Prison Service locally has recently developed a database
regarding the nature of MAPPA offenders and their offences
The Board is jointly led by an Assistant Chief Officer from the which will generate management information reports for the
National Probation Service (Cumbria) and a Superintendent SMB.
from Cumbria Constabulary, and a Senior Manager from HM Cumbria has provided information for a research project by
Prison Service, North West area. Other members of the Board Greater Manchester University as to effectiveness of the
include senior representatives from local authority housing, management of Level 3 MAPPA offenders.
Primary Health Care Trusts, Mental Health Care services, NSPCC,
Youth Offending Team and Social Services. The results of these review and monitoring processes will
continue to improve the consistency of practice and procedure
The functions of the SMB can be summarised as follows: within the local MAPPPs and ensure that valuable resources are
targeted appropriately at the highest risk offenders in order to
• Monitoring and evaluating the operation of the MAPPA reduce the harm they pose to the public.
across Cumbria

• Establishing relationships with other key public protection


bodies, such as the area Child Protection Committee.

• Identifying and planning how to meet common training and


developmental needs of those working in the MAPPA

• Planning the longer-term development of the MAPPA in the


light of regular reviews and legislative changes
Lay Advisors
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
15
Cumbria was among the first areas to have Lay Advisors
appointed, chosen as one of only eight pilot areas in the
country.

The two Lay Advisors, who were recruited in 2002 sit on the
SMB Board and have continued to provide a valuable
perspective to the work of the MAPPA. The Lay Advisors
encourage a greater transparency in the work of the MAPPA
and promote public accountability. Not only do they provide an
opportunity to question what is being done and why, but also
bring community views to the development of the MAPPA.

Quotes from the Lay Advisors include:

“I wholly support the involvement of Lay Advisors in the work of the MAPPA and would
encourage others to come forward to participate when our term of office ends. I feel privileged
to be part of such important work and am keen to contribute whenever appropriate”.

“The arrangements for agencies to cooperate which are now in place should re-assure the public
that their protection is taken seriously and is, in Cumbria, well managed as a result”.
16 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

STATISTICAL INFORMATION
Information provided to the Public Protection and Courts Unit The number of Registered Sex Offenders has risen due to the
of the Home Office is contained within the Annual Report’s successful arrest rates from local Police Operations targeted at
Statistical Information. sexual offenders, such as Operation Ore which focussed on
Child Internet Pornography offences.
The presentation of statistics has developed from previous
years and it is important to remember that generally the total The last 12 months has seen the number of offenders assessed
number of violent and sexual offenders is a very small as Level 3 `critical few` offenders within the county significantly
proportion of the general public as a whole. reduced. This is predominantly as a result of changes in the
MAPPA risk assessment procedure of offenders which has
The MAPPA in Cumbria has actively sought to use new resulted in a more accurate and robust assessment of risk with
legislation to increase controls over Sex Offenders living in the resources, aimed at protecting the public being targeted at the
community considered to present a high risk to the public, by highest risk offenders.
the imposition of Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs). 4
SOPOs have been successfully imposed and further Orders are It is also worthy of note that of all the offenders subject to
in various stages of application. Such orders place greater MAPPA proceedings (i.e. Levels 2 and 3) none were charged
restrictions on the behaviour of offenders which is likely to with a serious sexual or violent offence during this report
result in criminal proceedings being taken against them if they period. This must be regarded as a successful outcome.
fail to comply.
MAPPA Annual Reports Statistical Information
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
17
Reporting Period 1st April 2004 – 31st March 2005

1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSO)

i) The number of RSO’s living in Cumbria on 31st March 2005 253


ia) The number of RSO’s per 100,000 head of population 52

ii) The number of Sex Offenders having a registration requirement


who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the
requirement. 8

iii) The number of:


a) Sex Offences Prevention Orders (SOPO’s) applied for 5
b) Interim SOPO’s granted 0
c) Full SOPO’s imposed by the courts in Cumbria 4

iv) The number of:


a) Notification Orders applied for 0
b) Interim Notification Orders granted 0
c) Full Notification Orders imposed by the Courts in Cumbria 0

v) The number of Foreign Travel Orders:


a) Applied for 0
b) Imposed by the Courts in Cumbria 0
18 ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005

2. Category 2 MAPPA Offenders: Violent Offenders


and Other Sexual Offenders (V&OS)
vi) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined
by Section 327(3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)
living in Cumbria 114

3. Category 3 MAPPA Offenders: Other Offenders (OthO)


vii) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2) (b)
of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) 5

4. Offenders managed through Level 3 (MAPPP) and


Level 2 (local inter-agency management)
viii) The number of MAPPA offenders, in each of the three categories (i.e. 1) RSOs, 2) V
& O and 3) Otho) that have been managed through the MAPPP (Level 3) and through
local inter-agency management (Level 2)

Level 3 Level 2
RSO 0 26
V&O 1 31
Otho 0 3

ix) Of the cases managed at Level 3 or 2, the number, whilst managed at that level who
were:
a) Returned to custody for a breach of Licence
b) Returned to custody for a breach of Restraining Order or Sexual
Offences Prevention Order
c) Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence

Level 3 Level 2
a) 0 5
b) 0 0
c) 0 0
ANNUAL REPORT 2004 - 2005
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