You are on page 1of 15

1

Foreword

The successful management of serious sexual and violent offenders is one of the
most important duties undertaken by the police and the probation service. In
Kent we have been working co-operatively for some time and both organisations
give the highest priority to identifying those people who are a potential risk to the
public. By pooling information and expertise we are able to manage offenders
safely in the community. We therefore welcomed unreservedly the new
arrangements introduced as a legislative requirement in April 2001.

This report summarises progress and achievements and also records the
valuable contributions made to public protection by other statutory and voluntary
organisations. In Kent we are proud of the co-operation and mutual support
which exists between agencies. Working collaboratively enables us to be far
more effective than we would be working in isolation.

The report seeks to reassure the public that the small number of serious sexual
and violent offenders in the community are being properly assessed and
monitored and emphasises the importance we place on providing a service to
victims.

If you would like to know more, a list of contact numbers is included.

Christine Lawrie Sir David Phillips QPM, B.A. (Econ)


Chief Officer Chief Constable
Kent Probation Area Kent County Constabulary

2
Contents

Foreword page 1

Contents page 2

1. Introduction page 3

2. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities page 4/5

3. Outline of Arrangements page 6/7

4. Strategic Management Arrangements page 7

5. Disclosure page 8

6. Victim Work page 9/10

7. Statistical Information page 11/12

8. Useful Contacts page 13

9. Glossary page 14

3
1. Introduction

The Police and Probation Services work together to prevent re-offending by sex offenders and serious
violent offenders. Some changes were made to this work in 1997 and again in 2001. Key decisions are
made at meetings called Public Protection Panels.

Prior to the Sex Offender Act 1997, the risk assessment and management of sexual and violent offenders
in the community was principally the province of the Probation Service. Whilst there existed examples
of good practice in terms of co-operation between the Police and the Probation Service, in respect of
these offenders there was little by way of formal process or structure. However the Sex Offender Act
1997 placed a requirement upon the police to maintain a database of all offenders convicted of sexual
offences who were required to register with the police in accordance with the Act. As a result in Kent
the Police and Probation Services took a lead to develop multi-agency protocols, which set out the
arrangements in this field. The Police, Probation and Social Services signed a Memorandum of
Understanding and this also formed guidance for other agencies such as health and housing.

A local Sex Offender Risk Assessment Panel was established in each of the nine police Areas in the
county. These panels, chaired by the Area Detective Chief Inspectors, were responsible for the risk
assessment and management of registered and unregistered sex offenders living within their district. It
was recognised other offenders, particularly some being released from prison, could pose such a level of
risk to the public that they should be considered by a panel which had a countywide remit and access to
resources beyond any individual district. This panel developed as the ‘Potentially Dangerous
Offenders Panel’ and was mainly co–ordinated, chaired and guided by the Kent Probation Area Public
Protection Manager and Unit.

The enactment, on the 1st April 2001, of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 coincided with
a police and probation review of the existing arrangements. The new legislation placed statutory
requirements on the police and probation to actively manage sexual and violent offenders, particularly
those that pose a high risk to the public and to report on those arrangements. The local panels were
renamed Local Public Protection Panels (LPPP) and their remit extended to include some violent
offenders and individuals suffering a dangerous personality disorder that posed a danger to the public.
The countywide panel became the Kent Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel (KMAPPP). Whilst
operating on a similar basis as previously mentioned, this concentrated on the ‘critical few’ offenders
who represent the highest risk. In the year from 1st April 2002, 40 offenders were conferenced by the
KMAPP system, with action plans and follow-up reviews.

A planned Police and Probation Joint Co-ordinating Team (JCT) will co-ordinate the activity of the
KMAPPP, provide a single point of contact for the LPPP’s and other agencies and to oversee the
shared computer system used to registered and manage offenders across the county. The provision of
additional financial support by the Social Services Departments of the Kent County Council and
Medway Area Child Protection Committee has been vital to establishing this team. The JCT will be
operational from July 2002.

Staff from both the Police and Probation use Risk Matrix 2000 as part of their risk assessment
procedures for sexual and violent offenders. This is a Home Office approved static risk assessment
procedure which when applied, gives an accurate assessment of the level of risk the particular offender
poses. To enhance collaborative working, Kent police and probation staff had joint risk assessment
training.

This document will provide further details of the arrangements made in Kent and give contact points for
any enquiries in this respect.

4
2. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities

A number of different recognised and addressed. offenders in the community


agencies and organisations Direct involvement by a great deal easier.
may be involved in the education, in the risk
successful assessment and assessment and Partnership
management of serious management process is Accommodation Providers -
offenders. dependent on the nature of There are Approved
each case. Probation Premises (formerly
Kent Probation Area Bail and Probation Hostels)
through their Public Local Authorities - The and other post release
Protection Unit has had a principal involvement of establishments that are a
pivotal role in the local authorities at a district key feature of any
convening, chairing and or borough level arises from resettlement and
minuting of MAPPP their statutory responsibility management plan,
meetings. The Public in respect of housing. Some particularly those relating to
Protection Unit works in liaison has been undertaken high risk offenders. The
partnership with Kent police with local authority housing requirement to balance the
in ensuring that up to date departments to ensure that needs of any particular
information and risk an understanding of the offender, other offenders in
assessments are available to legislation, risk assessment an establishment and the
the panel. The MAPPP is and management processes wider public interest is well
indebted to Kent Police and the issues arising there understood. The
Prison Liaison Team, for from are well understood. organisations operating
their intelligence profiles on Housing departments have, various facilities within
high risk and dangerous in the main, been Kent, including a secure
offenders. understanding of the unit, understand they play a
difficulties faced in respect critical role within the risk
Those organisations of locating or re-locating assessment and
involved so far in addition offenders. management process and
to the Police and Probation fulfil their obligations
Services are: Housing Associations - The admirably.
inclusion of voluntary or
Social Services - The Social private sector social National Health Service -
Service Departments of both landlords has been based The Health Service has a
the Kent County Council principally upon the extent broad interface with
(KCC) and Medway Unitary of their housing provision offenders ranging from drug
Authority (MUA) play a and direct involvement in and alcohol treatment
significant role in the risk any individual case. The through to addressing other
assessment and National Housing physiological and
management process for Association has previously psychological needs.
those offenders who have provided guidance to its However, it is in the area of
offended against children, members in this regard. mental health where their
especially in a family However, given the activity is most prevalent.
environment. diversity of other, smaller, The need to fully
landlords it has been understand the risk,
Education – The education necessary to only include particularly of the most
departments of both KCC these individuals on a case- serious offenders, is highly
and MUA have been by-case basis. Whilst the dependent in a number of
supportive in this field. A private sectors constraints cases on a psychiatric
need to raise the awareness and concerns may not be assessment. In this regard
of teaching staff, particularly identical to all local the Kent Forensic
head teachers, in respect of authority housing Psychiatry Service plays a
the legislation, working departments, there are again fundamental role in carrying
practices and expectations numerous examples where out such assessme nts and
as to their involvement in such co-operation has made providing a report which will
the process, has been the management of inform any panel discussion.

5
Community Mental Health Kent Police has a dedicated
Services have an equally Her Majesty’s Prisons – team of officers working
critical role in ongoing There are ten prison closely with the prison
assessment and establishments in Kent. authorities in respect of a
management plans. The Whilst not all of these range of issues, in particular,
recent devolution of the prisons housed high risk the identification of prolific,
NHS provides a challenge in sexual or violent offenders, high-risk and dangerous
respect of obtaining the full the overall number of prisoners. Prison staff,
involvement of the Primary prisons and the prison including seconded
Care Trusts in these population has required the probation staff, have been
partnership arrangements, development of effective key contributors to the
where appropriate. prison liaison arrangements. meetings.

6
3. Outline of the Arrangements Made
There is a tried and tested way for staff to work together, assessing the risk posed by an offender and
then deciding how to manage it.

In addition to the day to day OASys is a national system public protection panels and
work outlined above, Kent for assessing the risk and every week for the Kent
has continued to develop needs of an offender. Multi-Agency Public
multi-agency arrangements OASys is designed to: Protection Panel. More
for the assessment and • Assess how likely an urgent cases may require an
management of sexual, offender is to be extraordinary meeting being
violent and other dangerous reconvicted convened, which does
offenders. These • Identify and classify occasionally occur.
arrangements should, offending-related needs,
however, be seen against a including basic personality The local public protection
broader background in the characteristics and panels will be chaired jointly
development of multi- cognitive behavioural by the local Detective Chief
agency working. There are problems Inspector or the local Senior
other multi-agency fora • Assess risk of serious Probation Officer. The police
which have grown up at harm, risk to the individual manage arrangements for
both a local and county and other risks the local public protection
level to deal with a wide • Assist with the panels on sex offenders.
range of issues principally management of risk Proposals that local public
involving the management • Link the assessment to protection panels on violent
of prolific offenders, those the supervision or offenders be managed by
families who are problematic sentence plan senior probation officers are
within a community and • Indicate the need for being considered.
those offenders who are further specialist
released from prison, assessments and The arrangements for the
without licence and who • Measure change during Kent Multi- Agency Public
need a managed return to the period of Protection Panel fall to the
society to minimise re- supervision/sentence Public Protection Unit, who
offending. in liaison with the Public
This assessment gives an Protection Manager and a
This process is commenced indication as to the risk the Detective Chief Inspector
when a relevant subject is individual poses both will identify the required
identified. This sexually and violently. attendees. The attendees
identification could be Dependant on that initial will always include
through various means assessment the case is representatives from the
including self-registration, referred to either the local police and probation, not
outside agencies, other public protection panel (low, only the post holders
police intelligence or, more medium and high risk) or the previously mentioned but
commonly, imprisonment or Kent Multi-Agency Public also more local officers who
pre-release information from Protection Panel (some high will have responsibility for
the police prisons liaison risk and all very high risk furthering actions arising
team. Following the from the meeting. Where
identification an initial risk Arrangements are then made practicable written
assessment is conducted to inform all necessary information is supplied by
using Home Office approved agencies that the case will agencies before the meeting.
tools such as Risk Matrix be considered at the next
2000 or Offender public protection meeting. When a panel is convened
Assessment System The frequency of these all parties exchange
(OASys). meetings is, in the main, information. In the light of
every two months for local the original risk assessment

7
and any information added onto the shared database. intelligence and information,
by the agencies, an This activity is mirrored in and a re-assessment of the
agreement is reached to the those cases that are dealt risk and a revision of the
actual level of risk posed with by the local public action plan. This process
and the actions required to protection panels. which continues until the
minimise that risk or manage subject is no longer required
the offender. These Each case is subject to to register as a sex offender,
decisions are formally regular review, the length of does not pose a significant
recorded together with the time between review being risk to the public or moves
justification processes that dependant on the nature of from Kent. In the case of an
have lead to them. After the the risk posed and actions individual leaving Kent a full
meeting this formal risk being taken to minimise that record appertaining to the
assessment and action plan risk. All review meetings individual and all of the
is circulated to those will be advised of progress public protection panel
required to complete actions of the tasks and actions meetings will be forwarded
and all the information is arising from the previous to the relevant police force
then updated, by the JCT, meeting, an update of and probation area.

4. Strategic Management Arrangements


All these arrangements are reviewed regularly at a senior management level and necessary changes
implemented.

Meetings take place Inspector with lead


between the Detective responsibility. The structures and
Superintendent, Kent processes relating to the
County Constabulary and A four monthly meeting management of sexual and
the Assistant Chief Officer, regime between the police violent prisoners are
Kent Probation Area who sex offender liaison officers currently subject to annual
have joint strategic and the Detective Chief inspection and audits by
responsibility for Multi- Inspector is seen as a good both agencies. The
Agency Public Protection mechanism for ensuring that inspection and audit
Panels. It has been standardised practices concentrate on:
recognised that this is an are promulgated throughout
ideal forum for monitoring the Force. It is anticipated • Compliance with
existing arrangements, that the probation officers existing policy
outside of specific cases, from KPA’s Sex Offender • The development of the
and for identifying areas for Resource Team will also be recommendations from
further development. This included in this meeting previous inspections or
meeting also includes the structure. audits and
KPA Public Protection • Further areas for
Manager and the Chief improvement.

5. Disclosure

8
Care has to be taken to balance the needs of the community with the offenders human rights. It is
important to ensure that information can be shared between agencies without breaking confidences

Disclosure is guided by • Whether the disclosure the offender in the future.


existing case law, Data is necessary in terms of An individual convicted of a
Protection Act 1998 and the aims of any stranger rape against a
considerations under management plan in a school child may warrant
European Convention of democratic society further disclosure in the area
Human Rights. where the offender resides,
In essence there is always or even, in exceptional
The issue of disclosure is some form of disclosure circumstances a broader
considered in each and albeit that it may rest public release.
every case that is subject of between the principal
the risk assessment and agencies involved in the Recent events in other parts
management process. assessment and of the country have
However, the degree of management process. highlighted how emotive the
disclosure would be Further disclosure to a subject of sex offenders in
dependent on a number of broader audience will only the community can be and
factors: be proportionate to the risk how difficult it becomes to
posed by the offender and manage these individuals in
• The legality of any the need to disclose to society when faced with
disclosure minimise that risk i.e. if an public protest and action
• Whether such a offender is convicted of resulting from a broad public
disclosure is justified in committing sexual offences disclosure, particularly in
the circumstances purely within a family the media. Limited
• Whether or not the environment, then any disclosure has occurred, in
extent of disclosure is disclosure will probably be particular cases to enable a
proportionate to the risk constrained to immediate higher degree of protection
posed and the objectives family and any families or to identified and/or specific
sought by the disclosure relationships developed by victims.
Two examples are:

• A MAPPP agreed to disclose information to a head teacher concerning a particular


offender whose children attended the school. The estranged parent, was soon to be
released from prison, having been convicted of a very serious offence against his ex-
partner, the mother of the children. Whilst in prison he continued to make threats
against his victim and their children. The children had been placed with foster
carers away from their home area. Their father had discovered the general area
they lived but did not know the actual address. He made threats to find them at
school and harm them.

• A man was due to be released from prison, originally sentenced for serious
offences, with a long history of indiscriminate violent offending against individuals
including attacking shop staff who he perceived got in his way. The MAPPP learnt
that the offender planned to re-offend following release. It took the decision that
information needed to be shared with the relevant Town Centre Partnership, to
enable them to put strategies into place to monitor his movements in the shopping
area.

6. Victim Work
The Probation service has a specialist team whose task is to ensure that victims are kept informed
about the offender’s release plans and their views made known to the appropriate authorities.

Kent Probation Area Victim Liaison Service.

9
In Kent the Victim Liaison offenders’ release to the building with the Court
Service originated some six prison authorities or parole Services Division.
years ago when the Home board. The prison
Office directed probation authorities or the parole The contact number for the
services to commence board seriously consider Victim Liaison Service is
relevant victim work. At that these views and on 01622 202120
time the instruction was to occasions they significantly
work with victims of influence the release plan Kent Probation Area Victim
offenders sentenced to four and licence conditions. Liaison Service works
years imprisonment and closely with the Sex
above. Within a short period During the period April 2001 Offender Resource Team, in
Kent Probation Area were to March 2002, 343 new order that the victim’s views
able to include victims of cases were allocated an are given appropriate
offenders sentenced to two increase on the previous consideration. In addition
years and above. year (202). The increase the Victim Liaison staff have
reflects the change in made an invaluable
Following the introduction working with those contribution to MAPPP’s in
of the Criminal Justice and sentenced to one year’s presenting the victim’s
Court Services Act 2000, in imprisonment and above. In perspective and in
April 2001, Kent Probation addition the victim liaison identifying specific risk
Area implemented Section staff continued to work with issues to the victim
69, which brought the ongoing cases at the
threshold down to twelve relevant stage of sentence The Victim Liaison Service
months. The team was from originating many years works closely with Kent
strengthened and a manager previously. Police. Initial victim contact
appointed. has transferred to police
The purpose of the Victim Victim liaison officers are responsibility from 1st March
Liaison Service is to make based in probation offices, 2002 in line with Home
contact with the victims of enabling them to act as Office direction. This new
violent or sexual crime where consultants to and task is in addition to the
the offender has been communicate effectively police notifying victims of
sentenced twelve months or with the local team. the results of the case.
more imprisonment and/or Allocation methods include
the families of people who geographical assessment, During 2002 Kent Probation
have been killed. The unit together with workload Area plans to implement
establishes if the victim management. The new management
wishes to be kept informed management and arrangements for its Victim
of the general release plans administration of the Victim Liaison Service. The
for the offender. Victim Liaison Service is based in manager will manage both
liaison officers would pass Maidstone Crown Court and Victim Liaison and the Sex
their views and / or currently shares part of the Offender Resource Team.
concerns about the

10
Kent Victim Support.

In Kent, representatives independent organisation, Victim Support provides the


from Victim Support have offering a free and Witness Service, based in
attended a number of confidential service, whether every criminal court in
KMAPPPs and have or not a crime has been England and Wales, to offer
contributed valuable and reported. Trained staff and assistance before, during
relevant information to volunteers at local branches and after a trial. You can call
assist the risk assessment offer information and the Victim Support line –
process. support to victims, 0845 30 30 900 – for
witnesses, their families and information and support and
Victim Support is a national friends. details of local services and
charity for people affected other relevant organisations.
by crime. It is an

11
7. Statistical Information

Number
Notes of
offenders
i
The number of Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) in the
1 571
community on 31/03/02 (s68 (2) CJ&CS Act 2000)
ii
The number of RSOs per 100,000 population 35.7

iii The number of sex offenders having a registration


requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for 13
breaches of the requirement, between 1 April and 31 March
iv
The number of Sex Offender Orders applied for an gained
2
between 1 April and 31 March
(a) The total number applied for 0
(b) The number granted 0
(c) The number not granted 0
(d) The number of applications still in progress 0
v
3 The number of violent offenders and other sex offenders 757
01/04/01 – 31/03/02 (s68 (3)(4)&(5) CJ&CS Act 200)

4
vi 4 The number of other offenders 01/04/01 – 31/03/02
(s67(2)(b) CJ&CS Act 2000)

Notes:

1. Other than the 5 people conferenced under the county KMAPPP arrangement, all registered
sex offenders are risk assessed and managed by the Local Public Protection Panels.

2. All registered sex offenders are made aware of Sex Offender Orders, circumstances under which
one is sought and the consequences of being placed under such an order. Whilst Sex Offender
Orders have been considered in a number of cases, the fact that offenders are aware of them
has generally proved sufficient to reinforce compliant behaviour and minimise the risk of re-
offending.

3. In addition to the 5 registered sex offenders (mentioned at (1) above) an additional 34 people
were subject to KMAPPPs.

4. This category relates to people not included above, principally those suffering from a
dangerous severe personality disorder or convicted of criminal harassment (stalking). One of
these was subject to a KMAPPP.

Therefore total number of people conferenced under KMAPPP procedures = 40.

12
The cost of local arrangements including initial set-up costs and staff hours

Probation Board Police Other Total


£’000 Agencies
£’000 £’000 £’000
Staff costs 19 (f) 8 (a) 12 (a) 39
10 (b) 10
Other costs 10 (c)
5 (d) - 21
1 (e) 5 (e)
Total Expenditure
20 38 12 70
Income 0 0 0 0
Net Expenditure*
20 38 12 70

Set up costs
included above * - 20 - -

Notes:

(a) Co-funded JCT Co-ordinator post. Funded by police and social services (KCC) and Medway
ACPC.
(b) Part of the full-time Police Constable on the Prison Liaison Team dedicated to servicing the needs
of the KMAPPP and LPPP.
(c) Licence Costs for the expansion of the HOLMES 2 Computer system for use as a registration and
management database.
(d) Office set up costs for the JCT.
(e) Training costs for police and probation personnel on the use of the HOLMES computer,
including the design of the database and training package and back record conversion of data
onto the system.
(f) Probation Co-ordinator post in JCT.

13
Useful Contacts

Kent Probation Public Protection Unit 01622 687521

Kent County Constabulary, Criminal Case Review 01622 654548


Dept

Joint Co-ordinating Team 01622 654741/2

Kent Probation Area Headquarters 01622 350820

Kent County Constabulary Headquarters 01622 690690

Kent Probation Victim Liaison Service 01622 202120

Victim Support Line 0845 30 30 900

Any queries concerning this Annual Report should be directed to


Kent Probation Area Headquarters @ 01622 350820

14
Glossary

ACPC Area Child Protection Committee

CJ & CS Act Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000

JCT Joint Co-ordinating Team (Police and Probation)

KCC Kent County Council

KMAPPP Kent Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel

KPA Kent Probation Area

LPPP Local Public Protection Panel

MAPPA Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

MUA Medway Unitary Authority

OASys Offender Assessment System

RSO Registered Sex Offender

15