‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’

For further information about MAPPA or the contents of this report contact should be made with:Public Protection Unit Staffordshire Police Headquarters Cannock Road Stafford Staffordshire ST17 0QG Tel: 01785 232032

Staffordshire

MAPPA
Annual Report 2004-05

Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements

H.M. PRISON SERVICE

‘Responsible Authority’

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
What is MAPPA ?
It’s all too easy to think that when an offender is charged, tried, convicted and sent to prison then the job of the Criminal Justice System is over and done with. But for a lot of people, including many victims of crime, the situation is far from over. Offenders who are convicted of serious sexual or violent crimes may be given lengthy sentences but in most cases, they will be released from prison "under licence" before the end of that sentence . The licence conditions will mean that the offender will not be free to do just as he or she pleases but will have to do certain things - and not do certain other things - in order to remain out of prison. For example they may be required to engage in community based programme work but also not to enter areas where their victims may reside. Victims of a particular offender may be very concerned when they hear that he has been released from prison. They need to be protected, as does the rest of the community and any possible future victim. The best way to protect us all is to manage the risk that each offender poses; that is to say firstly to find out whether the offender is likely to re-offend and under what circumstances, and secondly to try to prevent any re-offending. No single Criminal Justice Agency has all the answers when it comes to managing the risks, but by working together under the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA), there is much less chance that a vital piece of information about an offender's background or behaviour may be missed. Most victims and potential victims would agree with the old saying that "Prevention is better than Cure". By co-operating together and sharing information, Criminal Justice Agencies and other agencies that offenders may have contact with, are able to considerably reduce the chances of re-offending, all of which makes an important contribution to our aim of making Staffordshire safer.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
MAPPA recognises the important contribution that voluntary organisations provide in support of victims of crime. A number of such organisations and their contact details are produced here. Domestic Violence Domestic Violence Helpline (24 Hours) Tel. No. 01543 676800 North Staffs Domestic Violence Helpline Tel. No. 01782 205500 (daytime) Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse Emerge (Cannock) Tel. No. 01543 576174 Emerge (Stafford) Tel. No. 01785 225991

Racial Equality Council Stafford District Tel. No. 01785 246471 East Staffordshire Tel. No. 01283 510456 North Staffordshire Tel. No. 01782 260822

Victims of Sexual Abuse Womens' Rape and Sexual Violence Service Tel. No. 01782 221000 SARAC (Burton) Helpline Tel. No. 01283 517185 S.A.I.V.E. Tel. No. 01782 683133

Victim Support South East Staffs Victim Support (Lichfield, Tamworth, Burton) Tel. No. 01543 30100 Mid Staffs Victim Support Tel. No. 01785 715666

MAPPA

David Ainsworth

MAPPA

(Member of MAPPA Strategic Management Board)

North Staffs Victim Support Tel. No. 01782 717184

The work of MAPPA is overseen by the Strategic Management Board (SMB). The SMB consists of senior managers from the ‘Responsible Authority’ and other agencies particularly those identified as having a ‘Duty to Co-operate’ as defined by section 325 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The SMB has a duty to monitor the effectiveness of MAPPA and to produce an annual report outlining our arrangements for protecting the public from sexual and violent offenders.
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

4.

Offenders managed through level 3 (MAPPP) & Level 2 (local inter- agency management) Level 3 viii. How many MAPPA offenders in each of the three Categories RSO's i.e. (1)-RSO's, (2)-V&O and (3)-Other Offenders have been V&O managed through the MAPPP (level 3) and through local inter-agency risk management (level 2) between 1st April Oth O 2004 and 31st March 2005. 22 5 16 Level 2 233 36 29

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
Contents Home Office Foreword Chief Officers Introduction SMB Report Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4-6

The level 3 figure is the 'critical few'. The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP are defined in MAPPA Guidance as those in which the offender: Is assessed under OASys as being a high or very high risk of causing serious harm; AND Presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments it requires: OR Although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is exceptional because the likelihood of media scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a need to ensure that public confidence in the criminal justice system is sustained. The level 2 figure are those offenders who require the active involvement of more than one agency but the complexity of managing the risk is not so great as to require referral to Level 3, the MAPPP ix. Of the cases managed at levels 3 or 2 i.e. between the 1st April 2004 and 31st March 2005 how many, whilst managed at that level: Level 3 (a) Were returned to custody for a breach of licence (b) Were returned to custody for a breach of restraining or sexual offences prevention order (c) Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 4 0 0 Level 2 11 5 0

The Role of the Prison Service in MAPPA West Midlands Area MAPPA Public Protection Co-ordinators Risk Management Teams Key Developments Sexual Offences Act 2003 Introduction of Lay Advisors Local Operation of MAPPA MAPPA Co-ordination Offender Risk Management VISOR National Co-ordination MAPPA and Victims Staffordshire MAPPA Statistical Information Voluntary Organisations Contact Point

Page 7-9

Page 10-12

Page 13 Page 14-15 Page 16 Back Page

MAPPA

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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05 Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

STAFFORDSHIRE M.A.P.P.A. STATISTICAL INFORMATION

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
1. i.

1st April 2004 - 31st March 2005
Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSO) The number of RSO's living in the Staffordshire Area on 31st March 2005 538 51

a) The number of RSO's per 100,000 head of population

ii.

Ministerial Foreword by Baroness Scotland
The work being undertaken to improve the safety of communities through the MultiAgency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) is vitally important and a priority for government. The annual reports for 2004/5 provide evidence of that active engagement. Violence and sexual abuse are unacceptable wherever they occur and it is evident that through MAPPA such offenders are identified and better managed than ever before. As the number of offenders within MAPPA continues to grow as expected there is clear evidence that the Responsible Authority, that is the local police, probation and the Prison Service, is addressing these additional demands by strengthening local partnerships, using new statutory powers to restrict the behaviour of offenders, returning offenders to custody where they breach their licence or order, and using the findings of research and inspection to strengthen national guidance and local practice. Although it is never possible completely to eliminate the risk posed by dangerous offenders, MAPPA is helping to ensure that fewer people are re-victimised. The active implementation of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) during the last year has clearly enhanced the ability of a number of agencies including health, social services and housing to work collaboratively with the Responsible Authority in assessing and managing those sexual and violent offenders in our communities who pose the highest risk of serious harm. For the continued success of MAPPA this collaboration together with the scrutiny of policy and practice must become the hallmark of these arrangements. Similarly MAPPA must integrate with other public protection mechanisms dealing with child abuse, domestic abuse and racial abuse. For me one of the most exciting developments in this arena in the last 12 months has been the appointment of lay advisers to assist the Responsible Authority in the oversight of the arrangements. As ordinary members of the public these lay advisers represent a diverse, able and committed group of people who are now helping the statutory agencies to oversee the work being undertaken through MAPPA and communicate with the public more effectively. Without a growing sense of public knowledge and confidence about this work much of the benefits of the public protection arrangements will be lost. I hope this annual report will be useful, informative and re-assuring to local communities. The agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of MAPPA locally are to be commended. Baroness Scotland Minister of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1st April 2004 and 31st March 2005

22

a iii. The number of (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPO's) applied for (b) interim SOPO's granted and (c) full SOPO's imposed by the courts in b Staffordshire c

2 0 2

a iv. The number of (a) Notification Orders applied for (b) Interim Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in Staffordshire between 1st May 2004 and 31st March 2005. b c

1 0 0

v.

The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) imposed by the courts in Staffordshire between 1st May 2004 and 31st March 2005

a b

0 0

2.

Category 2 MAPPA offenders: Violent offenders and Other Sexual offenders vi. The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) living in Staffordshire between 1st April 2004 and 31st March 2005.

146

MAPPA

3.

Category 3 MAPPA offenders: Other Offenders vii. The number of 'other offenders' (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) ) between 1st April 2004 and 31st March 2005. 38

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‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
MAPPA and Victims Whilst the emphasis of MAPPA is predominantly focused on the assessment and management of the offender, the concerns of victims and the need to reduce the risk of further victims are fundamental to the successful operation of MAPPA. In 1997 the Staffordshire Probation Service established a specialist victims unit to ensure an effective and consistent approach in servicing the needs of victims. This was underpinned through development of a victims charter which emphasised the need for greater consideration for services to victims within the criminal justice system.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
MAPPA Annual Report - Chief Officers' Introduction It gives us great pleasure to bring you this annual report on the work and achievements of MAPPA in 2004-05. The protection of our communities from potentially dangerous sexual and violent offenders is a major task for all of the agencies working together within the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Staffordshire. It is in this context that we are delighted to report that these efforts have secured even greater success than last year in that over 99% of registered sex offenders are complying with their registration requirements.
Chief Constable J.W. Giffard
CBE QPM DL BA(Hons)

The Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 placed a responsibility on the Probation Service to offer contact and support to victims of serious violent or sexual crime where the offender was sentenced to twelve months or more. Whilst the statutory responsibility to service the needs of victims rests with the Probation Service, the approach to meeting the needs of victims has now become a truly multi agency one and a strong theme of the work of MAPPA. The goal of MAPPA is to ensure that the risk posed by each relevant offender is minimised to the extent that no one else falls victim to their offending. One such way in which risk can be managed is by disclosing information to potential victims or the carers of potential victims of the threat posed by the offender. These 'disclosures' are made after careful consideration and where a carefully balanced judgement has to be made. On the one hand it is important that information about an offender is given to those who may be a risk. This means, for example, that where a sex offender whose victims were children is known to have formed a close relationship with someone who has children - or where the offender has volunteered to assist in activities associated with children - then information about the offenders past convictions will be given to those responsible for the children concerned.

Building upon the improvements made to MAPPA in 2003-04, the past year has seen several key developments that have helped to make MAPPA even more effective in making a safer Staffordshire. We now have two lay advisors who attend and contribute to the Strategic Management Board (SMB) that oversees and monitors the work of MAPPA across the county. Secondly, the Prison Service is now a designated 'Responsible Authority' alongside the police and probation recognising the vital role that it plays in the management of high-risk offenders. These developments enable public protection arrangements to be more responsive to our communities and ensure we are able to provide a continuous management of offenders from their sentencing right through to their rehabilitation back into society. The coming year will see the introduction of a strengthened sentencing framework through the provisions of the 2003 Criminal Justice Act coming into force in April 2005. There can never be room for complacency in dealing with public protection and the management of sexual and violent offenders. But through these developments and the continued hard work of the agencies within MAPPA, we are seeing real progress towards a Safer Staffordshire. We hope you will find this report interesting, that it helps to answer some key questions about community safety in Staffordshire and that it gives you confidence that all the relevant agencies in Staffordshire are working in partnership to manage carefully a very small group of high-risk sexual and violent offenders.

Chief Officer Staffordshire Probation Area Mr R Mandley
MSc; MA; BA (Hons), CQSW

MAPPA

On the other hand it is also important that, where it is not in the public interest, information is kept in confidence so that offenders will remain in contact with those Police and Probation Service officers who monitor their activities. Each case is decided on its merits with the need for public safety being the most important consideration.

MAPPA

Bryn Payling Prison Service West Midlands Area Manager
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
As Chair of the Staffordshire SMB, I have seen our work grow throughout 2004/05, developing from previous cooperation an established MAPPA framework with a fully functioning Strategic Management Board (SMB). I am particularly grateful for the support that those agencies with a Duty to Co-operate have given to the SMB. The SMB has 'signed-off' a number of significant policies during the last year, these include: policies on Assistant Chief Constable disclosure, duty to co-operate, MAPPA policy and Adrian Lee procedures, serious case review procedure, lay LL.B., M.Phil., M.A. advisers memorandum of understanding, media strategy, and training strategy. Some of these documents have been recognised as examples of Best Practice at national level. SMB have also introduced an audit process for level 2 MAPPA which produced very positive results. The next round of audit will be extended to cover level 3 MAPPA as well. SMB have also developed a serious case review procedure and growing links with other key local partners.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
VISOR The Violent and Sex Offender Register is a National Intelligence Database that will manage information regarding these relevant offenders. The database has been adopted by all forces across the country and will be extended to a number of other agencies who have a duty to co-operate. This database is a major development towards effectively tracking violent and sexual offenders.

National Co-ordination The national MAPPA Conference was held in Staffordshire in October 2004. The gathering of specialists heard of significant progress, new developments and the next steps in making practice improvements. The conference encouraged the sharing of good practice and learned from the findings of national research. This research was welcoming particularly as it showed that Staffordshires approach in managing sexual and violent offenders was in line with national best practice. The conference heard from Chief Constable Terry Grange, ACPO lead on Personal Crime that “Ministers have described it (MAPPA) as a world leading system to manage offenders and protect the public as never before”.

The SMB / MAPPA implementation Action Plan is now complete and we are now preparing a more strategic Business Plan for the development of SMB and MAPPA over the next three years. As well as driving the work of SMB this document will also enable the Responsible Authorities and those with a Duty to Cooperate to make links between our plan and their own business plans. This will further embed SMB / MAPPA arrangements with a wide range of different agencies throughout the county strengthening the partnership and continuing to help to make Staffordshire safer.

MAPPA

MAPPA

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‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
However there are cases when this alone is not enough to ensure effective public protection. When this occurs a number of additional control measures will be considered these can include: Curfews and Electronic Monitoring - restricting movement at certain times. Residency - restricting where offenders can live. Specific measures to protect victims Restrictions on where the offender can go Conditions to continue with programmes or treatment from the prison into the community Arrangements to return to Court or to prison if the offender does not comply with their supervision arrangements. Case studies
Brian was convicted of a number of sexual offences against children. He had a background of repeated offending against children. Brian had refused to undertake any programme work in prison and the assessment of him was one of posing a Very High risk of re-offending upon release. He was clearly one of the 'critical few' meriting level 3 consideration. Following such considerations, it was the view of the panel that Brian's risk required a number of controls to be in place to protect the public. These included him to reside where directed, a curfew prohibiting him being out in the community at times when there was a strong likelihood that children would be in the area, electronic monitoring to ensure that he was complying with this direction and prohibitions on entering areas where children were likely to frequent. These arrangements were complemented through his supervising officers attempting to engage him in modelling strategies so he himself could manage avoiding high risk situations. Despite these efforts Brian was observed entering areas that contravened these prohibitions, Brian's actions placed children at risk and the panel had no hesitation in recommending his recall back to prison. Paul posed different issues in that he was convicted of an offence which in itself did not indicate that he would pose a risk of causing sexual harm to the public. However whilst in prison the MAPPA identified further information which clearly indicated that on the contrary he posed a Very High risk of causing serious harm to children upon release. On release every opportunity was taken to engage Paul effectively in the community to address his offending behaviour. However it was important that certain controls were in place to ensure that his risk could be managed. He was directed to live where approved by the Probation Service and further prohibited from undertaking certain activities and approaching individuals assessed as being particularly vulnerable.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
THE ROLE OF THE PRISON SERVICE IN MAPPA -2004/5 One of the important ways in which the Criminal Justice Act (2003) strengthened the MAPPA was to make the Prison Service part of the Responsible Authority with police and probation in each of the 42 Areas in England and Wales. The Prison Service has been given this enhanced role in recognition of the important part it plays in protecting the public by keeping offenders in custody; helping them to address the causes of their offending behaviour; and by undertaking other work to assist their successful resettlement. As part of the Responsible Authority the Prison Service is now represented on each of the Strategic Management Boards (SMBs) in the 42 Criminal Justice Areas that cover the whole of the country. The Prison Service is configured differently from Police/Probation areas in that its establishments are contained within only 12 geographical areas and two functional areas - the High Security estate and Contracted Prisons. For this reason arrangements for Prison Service representation on SMBs vary across the country, but each Prison Service Area Manager has entered into an agreement with the SMBs on how the Service will contribute both strategically and operationally to the MAPPA. The main focus of the Prison Service contribution is at an operational level. A number of measures have been put in place across the prison estate to ensure that this will be effective and result in: Prompt identification of MAPPA offenders so that their details can be used in sentence planning arrangements, including interventions to manage and reduce risk Regular monitoring of the behaviour of those assessed as presenting the highest risk and sharing information with police and probation colleagues All relevant risk management information being provided to multi agency meetings which help plan an offender's release At least three months notification to police and probation of the expected release dates of those offenders who have been referred to the multiagency public protection panel (MAPPP), and at least six weeks notification of those being managed at level 2 risk meetings (see page 10 for an explanation of risk levels) No changes to release dates or arrangements being made without prior consultation with police and probation
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

MAPPA

MAPPA

Paul's activities were closely monitored whilst in the community and it was discovered that Paul was clearly undertaking activities that placed children at risk of significant harm. Again robust and immediate action was taken and Paul was returned to prison. In both these cases work continues in prison to offer and engage both offenders programmes that can address such behaviour in the future.

For every case that merits a recall to prison there are numerous similar cases where such measures lead to effective risk management in the community, with the offender working together with the statutory MAPPA agencies to manage risk for us all. 11
Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
The effective risk management of sexual and violent offenders relies upon good communication between our criminal justice partners. The prison service has established dedicated points of contact for public protection at both area level and in every prison establishment.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
Local Operation of MAPPA MAPPA places a responsibility on the Staffordshire 'Responsible Authority' to identify sexual and violent offenders and review those cases at different levels, according to how serious their risk is perceived to be. Level 1 arrangements - Where a single agency can effectively manage the risk at local level without the need to involve another agency. The majority of relevant offenders will be managed at this level within the agency. Level 2 arrangements - Where there is a need for the significant involvement (Local Risk Management Panel) of another agency to effectively manage the risk posed then a level 2 meeting will be called. These multi-agency meetings are held on each of the four territorial police divisions and are chaired by a Chief Inspector. Level 3 arrangements - At this level the most dangerous of our (MAPPP) offenders are managed. These offenders are known as the ‘Critical Few’ and will often require either specialist or significant resources to successfully manage the risk posed. These multi-agency meetings are held twice a month and are chaired by the Public Protection Unit manager. MAPPA Co-ordination It is important that such arrangements are co-ordinated effectively and this is one of the many roles provided by the Public Protection Unit. The unit is staffed by both police and probation sharing systems and information to meet this coordination role. This is further enhanced by Public Protection Teams based within the four police divisions who ensure that the risk management strategy is delivered in the community. These teams include key staff whose role it is to ensure community safety including Child Protection, Domestic Violence and Hate Crime. Offender Risk Management It is recognised that if an offender is willing to work towards addressing his own offending behaviour then effective risk management is likely to be successful. Specific programmes are run both in the prison and community to help offenders understand their behaviour, face up to the impact of their offending on victims, and better prepare them to deal with real life situations differently. Whilst on such programmes their progress is monitored and information shared between Prison, Police and Probation staff to continually assess the level of risk and ensure suitable levels of supervision, accordingly. This approach is designed to help and improve an offenders own ability to monitor and control their own behaviour.
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

With the introduction of new public protection sentences the proportion of such offenders receiving prison sentences is expected to grow. The inclusion of the prison service as part of the responsible authority is both timely and vital if we are to ensure effective public protection arrangements. West Midlands Area Prisons and MAPPA The West Midlands Prison Area covers four MAPPA areas, these are:Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Mercia and the West Midlands. In preparation for becoming part of the Responsible Authority, the Prison Service appointed an area risk manager to lead on MAPPA. The Area Risk Manager works with MAPPA in the four areas, attending the Strategic Management Board meetings and working with the public protection units to improve the efficiency of systems and communication between prisons and the community. A model for communication is being finalised to establish common practices across the region. The Area Risk Manager provides regular feedback to the Area Manager and Governors in the area on national, regional and local developments. Public Protection Co-ordinators Each of the prisons in the region has identified staff to co-ordinate public protection and MAPPA work. These co-ordinators attend regular area meetings to support the development of sound and consistent practice and procedures. This has included the development of shared training materials and consistent documentation.

MAPPA

MAPPA

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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
Introduction of Lay Advisers This year we have successfully recruited 2 'lay advisers' to assist the Staffordshire SMB. They are both local people who have brought a wealth of experience to assist in; Creating greater openness and transparency in the work of the MAPPA; Making professional decision-makers more publicly accountable; Enabling community representatives to scrutinise the processes, priorities and working methods of the MAPPA agencies; Bringing community opinions to bear on the future development of the MAPPA system. Beverley Anderson - Lay Adviser to SMB I have been a Staffordshire county Lay Adviser for six months and working with MAPPA's strategic management board has been both rewarding and also an eye opener. I understood how complicated the partnership would be, but did not fully understand the complexity of the rules that MAPPA have to work within. Lay Advisers have a valuable role within MAPPA. We bring the ability to ask impartial questions and help to ensure that the responsible authorities and other agencies within MAPPA keep firmly focused on public needs and expectations. Being members of the public and not professionals means we can help make sure that MAPPA effectively safeguards the community. Our life experiences and community links give us a broader outlook and the ability to 'keep it real': our views and opinions are always valued at management board meetings and we feel that we really can - and do - make a difference.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
Risk Management Teams Each prison has established a Risk Management Team that meets at least monthly. The Risk Management Team: discusses individual prisoners that are subject to MAPPA and who have been assessed as being at high or very high risk of serious harm to others gathers information to support the risk assessment and risk management of these offenders while they are in custody and in preparation for their release and shares it with the appropriate agency in the community works to make sure that those to be managed at level 2 or level 3 on release are prioritised for further assessments and for interventions that will reduce their risk, including sex offender treatment programmes and other group work for violent offenders The prisons in this area are determined to ensure that the best possible links are established with MAPPA in the community at a strategic and operational level. Case study Gary was convicted of making indecent photographs of children and of being in possession of photographs. The images related to serious sexual abuse of children. Gary was twenty-three years old at the time of the conviction. He had no previous offences. Risk assessment tools suggested that he was at medium risk of re-conviction for sexual offences. The prison acted in a number of ways to manage Gary : Monitoring Assessment Treatment Information-sharing Monitoring and Assessment The prison monitored Gary's behaviour very carefully and discovered that he was disclosing some of his thoughts and fantasies to others and that these were related to serious sexual offending against children. Through further assessment the prison also found out further information from Gary that suggested his risk was very high. Gary's case was discussed regularly at the establishments public protection committee (risk management team). Treatment Gary was fast-tracked onto the Sex Offender Treatment Programme - a group work programme to address his offending behaviour. Information-sharing and working together The prison contacted the Public Protection Unit and a Level 3 meeting was initiated. Gary was due to be released before the final modules of the Sex Offender Treatment Programme were completed. The decision was made in consultation with the MAPPP and Governor that he could return on a daily basis to the prison to complete the programme. He was accommodated in approved premises near the prison to support him to complete the programme.

MAPPA

MAPPA

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‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
KEY DEVELOPMENTS DURING THIS YEAR 'Duty to Co-operate' The Criminal Justice Act 2003 also placed on a wide range of agencies a ‘duty to co-operate’. This provides a statutory gateway that allows agencies to share information regarding relevant offenders in order to best manage risk posed. These agencies include: Local council social services and education authorities involvement with the MAPPA is likely to be in the area of child protection, safe guarding children and protecting vulnerable adults. Other adult services include those specific to mental health and substance misuse.

‘helping to make a Safer Staffordshire’
Sexual Offences Act 2003 Provisions under the Act came into force from May 2004, consolidating and replacing previous legislation. A key element has been the introduction of new civil orders, designed to prevent sex offenders engaging in potentially harmful activity. These give the Police the opportunity to use the Courts to further restrict sex offenders in the community. These new orders are: Notification Orders - widening the requirements to register with the police to those convicted of sexual offences abroad. Sexual Offences Prevention Orders - these are civil orders aimed at prohibiting activities by offenders which, un-checked, would increase the risk of serious sexual harm being posed by the offender. Risk of Sexual Harm Orders - to restrict paedophiles opportunities to 'groom' children, ie, in someway recruit them for potential sexual abuse. Foreign Travel Orders - civil order aimed at restricting the travel to foreign countries by offenders who would pose a risk of causing serious sexual harm. This order would be most appropriate for example in restricting the travel of paedophiles to third world countries. Case study John is a convicted sex offender with previous convictions for indecency with children for which he had served a term of imprisonment. On release from prison John was required to register with the police and will continue to do so for 10 years. As a registered sex offender John is subject to ongoing management through the MAPPA process. These arrangements began to identify that the risk that John posed to children was increasing; a visit by police to his home identified that John had begun to collect cuddly toys and children's videos. John was later seen in the company of a woman and her young son and on another occasion visiting the home of another family where young children were resident. The nature of the contact between John and these children led those involved in his supervision to believe it was necessary to apply to the court for a Sexual Offences Prevention Order (SOPO) in order to protect children who it was believed were at risk of sexual harm. The matter was presented to the court and it was agreed that such an order was necessary. The court prohibited John from associating with, befriending or communicating with any child under the age of 16yrs. Further prohibitions were granted by the court aimed at protecting children. John was present in court and knows that to breach any of these prohibitions would lead to his arrest. A court could sentence him to up to 5 years imprisonment.
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Primary Care Trusts, other NHS Trusts and Strategic Health Authorities the duty applies to all health bodies however the most significant contribution is likely to come from the mental health trust who in most instances will be involved with those offenders who are mentally disordered

Jobcentre Plus involvement is likely to be in respect of an offender who by nature by the offence committed has in place restrictions on the nature of their employment

Youth Offending Teams Stoke on Trent and Staffordshire Youth Offending Services have a statutory responsibility to access and manage the risks of young people who offend. The Youth Offending Service manages many relevant offenders at level 1. Young Persons Panels at levels 2 and 3 are held separately from the adult panels. These panels include professionals with particular expertise in addressing the needs of young people recognising these needs will often differ from those posed by adults

Registered Social Landlords accommodating MAPPA offenders most will be housing associations but will include trusts, co-operatives and companies

Local Housing Authorities given the importance of accommodation in the resettlement of offenders such authorities make an important contribution to the MAPPA. This does not mean they have a specific responsibility to accommodate such offenders, however their advice regarding suitability of particular accommodation and procedures by which it is allocated is valued

Electronic Monitoring providers EM providers have been included in acknowledgement of the important service they can provide as part of a high risk offender management plan. The larger part of the work of the EM providers relate to ‘tagging’ for the Home Office detention scheme of which some MAPPA offenders will be eligible

MAPPA

In April 2005, additional elements of the Act came into force. These introduce a single community penalty and new arrangements for parole release and recall of offenders on licence. Specifically, to enhance public protection, new longer sentencing arrangements will apply, for those who are identified as presenting the greatest risk to the public. These mean the more serious the offence and the greater the risk to the public of harm in the future, the longer the sentence and the more stringent the arrangements will be for considering release and supervision under licence. New levels of sentences of imprisonment; Standard determinate sentence, or standard prison sentence Extended prison sentence for public protection Longer prison sentences of imprisonment for public protection Life sentence These new provisions will enhance the ability of the Police, Probation and Prison Services and our partner agencies in MAPPA, to work closer with the courts. This will ensure more effective arrangements are in place to manage high risk offenders, offering increased protection of the public.
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Staffordshire MAPPA Annual Report 2004-05

MAPPA