Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements


Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

he joint arrangements for the assessment and management of those offenders who fall under the MAPPA have been further strengthened during the past year and it may be helpful to summarise some of these developments in this foreword. Our joint Police/Probation Public Protection Unit is now well established and has already brought added benefits to our work in this field. The involvement of the Prison Service as a ‘responsible authority’ alongside Police and Probation has also further enhanced our work with those offenders who have served part of their sentence in custody. However, protecting the public from, and preventing re-offending by, those who fall under the scope of MAPPA is not solely the responsibility of these criminal justice agencies so the growing involvement of other players has also been important. Other partners such as Health and Housing Authorities have a key role to play in helping us to manage any risk which such offenders may pose. During the past year we have held a regional conference with Health colleagues - with a local seminar held in May

M I N I S T E R I A L F O R E W O R D by Baroness Scotland
he work being undertaken to improve the safety of communities through the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) is vitally important and a priority for government. The annual reports for 2004/5 provide evidence of that active engagement. Violence and sexual abuse are unacceptable wherever they occur and it is evident that through MAPPA such offenders are identified and better managed than ever before. As the number of offenders within MAPPA continues to grow as expected there is clear evidence that the Responsible Authority, that is the local police, probation and the Prison Service, is addressing these additional demands by strengthening local partnerships, using new statutory powers to restrict the behaviour of offenders, returning offenders to custody where they breach their licence or order, and using the findings of research and inspection to strengthen national guidance and local practice. Although it is never possible completely to eliminate the risk posed by dangerous offenders, MAPPA is helping to ensure that fewer people are re-victimised. The active implementation of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) during the last year has clearly enhanced the ability of a number of agencies including health, social services and housing to work collaboratively with the Responsible Authority in assessing and managing those sexual and violent offenders in our communities who pose the highest risk of serious harm. For the continued success of MAPPA this collaboration together with the scrutiny of policy and practice must become the hallmark of these arrangements. Similarly MAPPA must integrate with other public protection mechanisms dealing with child abuse, domestic abuse and racial abuse. For me one of the most exciting developments in this arena in the last 12 months has been the appointment of lay advisers to assist the Responsible Authority in the oversight of the arrangements. As ordinary members of the public these lay advisers represent a diverse, able and committed group of people who are now helping the statutory agencies to oversee the work being undertaken through MAPPA and communicate with the public more effectively. Without a growing sense of public knowledge and confidence about this work much of the benefits of the public protection arrangements will be lost. I hope this annual report will be useful, informative and re-assuring to local communities. The agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of MAPPA locally are to be commended. Mick Lees Governor HMP Holme House

Key Achievements Prison Service - HMP Holme House
Identifying Risk Risk Assessment The Approach at HMP Holme House Interdepartmental Risk Management Meetings Prison Risk Management Model


Elaine Lumley Chief Officer National Probation Service -Teesside


2005 - emphasising the important contribution that health provision (especially mental health) makes to protecting the public and preventing re-offending. Similarly our relationship with Housing Authorities has been enhanced by the provision of a protocol for returning prisoners which should ensure more appropriate access to suitable accommodation. Another positive development during the past year has been the successful appointment of two Lay Advisers to the Strategic Management Board. The Lay Advisers were appointed in January 2005 and having completed their induction they are now able to play a meaningful and important role in bringing a community perspective to the work of the Board. We very much look forward to their ongoing contribution. Although it is important to recognise that we will never totally eliminate risk, we hope that this report reassures you about the strength of our local arrangements and that it also gives you a flavour of how “working together” really does contribute to protecting the public, fewer victims and making our communities safer.

Sean Price Chief Constable Cleveland Police

How MAPPA Operate Locally
Multi Agency Risk Management Meeting (RMM) Multi Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) Actions agreed at meetings 2004/05

Sex Offender Treatment Programmes
Case Studies

Other Agencies The Focus on Victims Lay Advisers Strategic Management Board Contacts

Baroness Scotland Minister of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements


Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Police and Probation have undertaken joint training in VISOR (Violent and Sex Offender Register), the Criminal Justice Act 2003 and the Freedom of Information Act. Our regional seminar this year was aimed at Strategic Health Authorities and was run jointly with Northumbria, County Durham and Teesside with over 70 people attending a very interesting day. Representatives from Prison, Probation and Police joined together to identify developments in the Duty to Cooperate between Health and the Responsible Authorities. When completed it provides an assessment of Low, Medium, High and Very High. Risk Assessment The Prison Service has a duty to provide timely information about continuing risk at key points in the sentence, in particular through gathering information about highly dangerous prisoners for example child sex offender networking patterns, contact with victims and release plans. All those involved in public protection will normally plan the release of offenders who are to be managed through MAPPA at least three months before release.

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

to the public. These meetings are chaired either by an Assistant Chief Officer of Probation or Detective Inspector from the Joint Police/Probation Public Protection Unit, depending on which service has primary responsibility for the very high risk offender. The purpose of these meetings is to:

MAPPA in Teesside began in 1997. There have been significant changes in 2004/05 to take into account new legislation and to improve working practices particularly between Police and Probation as well as bringing the Prison Service on board as the third Responsible Authority in public protection work. The new legislation includes the Sex Offender Act 2003 which came into force on 1st May 2004 and gives new powers for Sexual Offences Prevention Orders, Risk of Sexual Harm Orders and Travel Orders. The Freedom of Information Act 2004 also came into force on 1 January 2005 and the minutes of our Risk Management and MAPPP meetings reflect this. As well as the above the Criminal Justice Act 2003 introduces a raft of new provisions aimed at strengthening sentences to protect the public. 2004 has been a very exciting year for Teesside. The Police joined forces with the Probation Service in May 2004 when they moved into the Probation building and developed a fully integrated team. This was further progressed in March 2005 with Probation and Police staff undertaking joint visits to sex offenders to manage the risk these offenders pose and hence gaining a greater understanding of each other's work. The introduction of VISOR, the computerised Violent and Sex Offender Register, has further assisted us in working together. Teesside is one of the few areas where Probation Officers are trained in its use and work with the Police in accessing this system. Police staff on the team are soon to be trained in the Probation Service’s Case Record Administration Management System to improve efficiency even further. The new Multi Agency Public Protection guidance has been distributed to all agencies and over 200 people have attended ten launches in various locations throughout the area with Police and Probation co-presenting at each location. In October 2004 a “mock” MAPPP (Multi Agency Public Protection Panel) was recorded to demonstrate the work of managing difficult offenders on a multi agency basis. This provoked a lot of interest resulting in television and radio interviews.




The Prisoner



PRISON SERVICE - HMP HOLME HOUSE In April 2004 following the implementation of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 the Prison Service became part of the responsible authority alongside the Police and Probation services. HMP Holme House is represented on the Strategic Management Board for Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Teesside and effective arrangements are in place to manage the risks that offenders may present on their release from custody.

-Bring together key professionals from relevant agencies to share and examine information that has led to a concern about an individual. -Share any other relevant information that an agency holds, which may assist in assessing the risks posed and the possible methods of intervention that may help to reduce the risks. -Decide and agree what actions are required as part of the risk management strategy and which agency/individual will have responsibility for implementation. -Consider where any disclosure should be made to the offender (the general principle being that the offender will be informed that he/she is high or very high risk unless members conclude that to inform the offender would increase the risks posed by him/her). -Consider any likely media interest and where necessary agree a media strategy. * Actions agreed at meetings 2004/05 -Review progress against any current risk management strategy -Psychiatric assessments -Entry onto sex offender treatment programmes -Increased monitoring by agencies (including surveillance) -Enforcement action such as recalling offenders to prison -An application for and granting of Sexual Offences Prevention Orders -Accommodation issues -Panic alarm installations

The Approach at HMP Holme House If risk management is only carried out at a fixed point before release the ability to change a prisoner's attitude to offending and his/her ability to succeed will be reduced. If risk management is focussed on those who present the greatest risk soon after reception, and reviewed at key stages in the sentence, we may be able to effectively address the prisoner’s needs and reduce the chance of reoffending by intervention and enhanced risk management. This also provides a comprehensive outline of the prisoner’s potential to re-offend.



Prison Risk Management Model The levels of risk of harm used by OASys low, medium, high and very high - provide a standardised categorisation of risk for all MAPPA offenders. Using risk assessment tools it is possible to group offenders and target resources to deal with risk. The risk management model described below is intended to focus on the needs and issues of prisoners in the high and very high groups. The risk management team ensure MAPPA referrals are submitted and that the police and probation service Public Protection Units are notified of the expected release dates of prisoners. Where a high risk prisoner’s proposed area of release is Teesside and the prisoner is in custody in another establishment, consideration is given to the feasibility of early transfer to HMP Holme House to assist in the handling of release arrangements.

are making appropriate referrals to the Probation/Police Joint Unit. Using the procedures we can effectively assess and manage the risks posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders. Whenever a joint or multi agency approach would improve public protection, the Police, Probation, Prison and other agencies will share information and where necessary convene a public protection meeting. Our protocol outlines arrangements for convening meetings at two levels: Multi Agency Risk Management Meeting (RMM) To manage the risk posed by those individuals who are considered high risk and whose management would benefit by being carried out on a multi agency footing rather than a single agency approach. These meetings are chaired either by a Senior Probation Officer or Detective Sergeant from the Joint Police/Probation Public Protection Unit, depending on which service has primary responsibility for the high risk offender. Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) To manage the critical few who are considered to pose a risk of serious harm 3

Interdepartmental Risk Management Meetings Within the prison setting the risks posed by high/very high risk of serious harm offenders who are subject to MAPPA, as well as those considered a high risk due to their history and/or current behaviour are assessed through risk management meetings attended by key staff within the prison. HMP Holme House has developed regular risk management meetings to ensure that the proportionate response to risk is a dynamic process. We work to identify offenders who will require the greatest degree of management in terms of monitoring, intervention and supervision.

Identifying Risk All offenders who have committed a specified sexual or violent offence under schedule 15 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 are identified when they arrive in custody as prisoners subject to MAPPA. The standard assessment tool for the Probation and Prison Services is the Offender Assessment System (OASys). This provides an indication of the offender's ‘risk of harm’ and the offender's likelihood of re-offending. 2

An increasing number of agencies are becoming aware of MAPPA procedures and

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

The following are examples of work carried out as a result of the Teesside Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements: Case Study 1 John, aged 42 years, was convicted of eight offences of Indecent Assault and received a prison sentence. Prior to his release into the community a Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel was convened involving probation, police, prison, housing, social services, health and approved premises staff. He was released into the community and registered as very high risk with extensive licence conditions which had been agreed at the MAPPP and excluded him from a certain county in England. He was required to reside in a Probation hostel and was subject to electronic tagging four times a day. He was monitored weekly by Probation and Police on joint visits, as well as by hostel staff. Information was shared with other agencies, particularly social services, to ensure the safety of children. He was fortunate to gain employment locally and his tagging was reduced accordingly following discussion at a further MAPPP meeting. On learning that he was sending indecent images by phone, a Sexual Offences Prevention Order was successfully applied for ‘ which involved all agencies providing information to support the SOPO. He is now restricted from specific activities which could contribute to reoffending and ensures public safety. He was only allowed to move into his own accommodation following the agreement of the MAPPP after a full risk assessment. Whilst on licence, joint monitoring will continue with regular MAPPP reviews. He will be subject to Police monitoring indefinitely. Case Study 2 Barry has an extensive history of Domestic Violence against various partners, the latest offence of Assault being committed hours after being released from custody for assaulting the same partner. He was imprisoned again and a Risk Management Meeting was held two months prior to his release from prison in order to put a robust Risk Management Strategy in place to protect three victims and their children. Essential to the meeting were Domestic Violence Officers (Police), Victim Liaison Officers, Social Services, Housing Providers, Prison, Police and Probation. A comprehensive plan was put in place, including exclusion zones in the licence conditions. Additionally, crime prevention assistance and advice for victims and extensive support from women’s domestic violence organisations were part of the plan. Housing providers agreed to assist with his accommodation and monitor his behaviour as a responsible tenant.

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

The National Probation Service - Teesside has a statutory duty to make contact with the victims of violent and sexual crime where the offender is sentenced to 12 months or more in custody. Victim Liaison Officers (VLOs) offer the victim the opportunity to receive information regarding the sentence; this will include notification of significant aspects of release arrangements, including the opportunity to request additional licence conditions that could offer them protection following an offender’s release. The VLO acts as a link between the MAPPA process and victims. Liaison occurs with other agencies, particularly Police and Victim Support to ensure that information is available to the MAPPP and Risk Management Meetings to allow a comprehensive risk assessment to be made. The meeting will then formulate any necessary risk management strategies to protect the victim. The VLO works closely with Victim Support and other local agencies to ensure that the victim receives as much support as they need to cope with the after effects of offences perpetrated against them. The Induction training in Teesside has been most interesting, with Probation, Police and Prison staff being committed to providing a solid preparation for the role of Lay Adviser. All have been most generous in their time and in their commitment to our training. We are in the very early days of developing this role, and our view of how we can assist the Strategic Management Board may be very different in a year or two to how we see it now. I consider it a privilege to be associated with a dedicated group of professionals, who provide an enormous service to the Teesside community; a service which, in the main, the community are completely unaware of. I look forward to developing in the role, and hope to become a valuable resource for the Multi Agency team. (b) My appointment as one of the two Lay Advisers has been fairly recent confirmed in December 2004. We are full members of the Strategic Management Board, which reviews and monitors the work of MAPPA - and overarching this is its role to shape and develop the local framework of MAPPA and develop connections with other agencies. As part of the Strategic Management Board, our role as lay advisers also includes bringing an ‘outside’ perspective to the situation something already well-established in other areas and walks of life. Following appointment, we began an extensive induction period - partly an intensive residential course over three days, with other newly-appointed lay advisers from other parts of the country; and partly local. During the local induction, we were introduced in detail to the work already being carried out on Teesside by the police, probation, and prison services in promoting public protection - through a combination of legal measures, inter-agency working, and rehabilitation of offenders. Our welcome by these agencies throughout has been positive and evident, as was their professionalism and commitment, and the benefits

A further issue that is considered during every meeting concerns disclosure. That is whether informing other individuals, organisations, or members of the public about the risks posed by an identified person is necessary and justified. Procedural guidelines exist to ensure any disclosures made are legal, justified, and necessary and proportionate. If an individual is considered to be very high or high risk, their name will be placed on the registers held by Cleveland Police and the National Probation Service Teesside. A MultiAgency Review Panel meets every three months to review cases and ongoing monitoring by a range of professionals takes place to reduce risks as far as possible.

The risk management meeting discussed disclosure to a further potential victim whose identity was disclosed at this meeting. Social Services shared valuable information of their protection plan for the children. Regular reviews to monitor Barry’s behaviour have taken place, and to date Barry is doing well.

A range of partners work with MAPPA. Here are just a few examples of the work they do: (a) The Cleveland Diversion Team (CDT) is a multi-agency team (Health, Social Services, Probation) working with mentally disordered offenders. CDT attend RMM/MAPPP meetings to identify those offenders who may have a mental illness or mental health problems. They can either provide a nursing assessment of their needs, liaise with mental health services if already known or refer to services where appropriate. CDT work alongside Probation staff to manage difficulties often presented by those with mental health problems. (b) Social Service Departments work closely with MAPPA both in Adult Protection through Vulnerable Adult procedures as well as with children through Child Protection procedures. All three procedures work alongside each other to ensure those most vulnerable members of society are protected. (c) Accommodation is an essential element in ensuring those who pose the highest risk to society are visible to those who need to monitor their movements. Providing appropriate housing with proper risk assessment is essential to this ongoing monitoring of some offenders. Housing providers have continued to develop their understanding of this area of work and this will only be enhanced by HARP (Housing and Returning Prisoners Protocol) which will be introduced this year with all agencies striving to accommodate some of the most vulnerable and challenging people in our communities.

The National Probation Service - Teesside has a specialist sex offender team trained to deliver a nationally accredited sex offender treatment programme. The Sex Offender Groupwork Programme involves intensive groupwork intervention with offenders in the community, taking up to 12 months to complete the full programme. This is in addition to the ongoing monitoring and supervision that is part of the offender’s community order or licence period. The programme is based upon evidence-based research findings which have identified the most effective methods of reducing reoffending. It is designed to challenge attitudes and behaviours and teaches new ways of coping with situations and feelings. Offenders are helped to learn new ways of thinking and how to make clear decisions to avoid difficult places, situations and patterns of behaviour. There is a significant emphasis on increasing an offender's levels of victim empathy. Attendance of an offender through the programme is regularly fed back into MAPPA so that progress and risk can be closely monitored and managed by all relevant agencies. The numbers of sex offenders has increased due to new registrations and the length of time individuals remain on the register. Some will remain on the sex offender register for life in order to ensure appropriate mechanisms for tracking/monitoring serious sex offenders.

In December 2004 the Strategic Management Board were fortunate to recruit two members of the local community to represent the community interests. Below are their early views on involvement in MAPPA: (a) When applying for the post of Lay Adviser to the MAPPA Strategic Management Board, I hoped that my experience of working in a variety of posts in the Teesside community could be utilised to assist and support the professional people engaged in Public Protection in the area in which I live. The initial training, undertaken over a weekend in Birmingham, was interesting and comprehensive. Meeting other Lay Advisers, some as recently appointed as I, some with a few months experience, was valuable, and highlighted the fact that there are many different approaches to the role. 5


Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

There has been an expected increase in the number of Registered Sex Offenders living in Teesside in 2004/5. This is due to the requirement to register where previously those convicted of sexual offences had no such constraints placed upon them. The rise will also reflect the new Orders provided by the Sexual Offences Act 2003 which widened the net in relation to those offenders who are required to register their address with the police. The registration periods for sex offenders are lengthy and, therefore, the figure is likely to rise year-onyear as offenders are not removed from the register and newly convicted offenders are added to it. The Responsible Authorities continue to monitor registered sex offenders closely and an awareness of offenders whereabouts enables robust management plans to be actioned in respect of the behaviour and activities of registered sex offenders. New MAPPA guidance was introduced in March 2003 which extended the remit of multi-agency reporting to include offenders who are considered high risk by agencies but who are not considered the “critical few”. Those offenders considered as high risk are being managed on a multi-agency basis and the success of the management plans ensures that the risk they pose does not place them in the category of the “critical few” ie those offenders who pose the highest risk of causing harm in the community. A significant number of MAPPA level 2 offenders involve Domestic Violence which is seen as a serious issue by the Responsible Authorities in terms of protecting vulnerable victims. This robust management of Level 2 high risk offenders has ensured the number of very high risk offenders has not increased in this year and has in fact decreased. This is positive intervention at an early stage to ensure risk does not escalate. In respect of Serious Further Offences being committed by those subject to MAPPA, there have been no SFOs committed by the Level 3 “critical few” offenders and two SFOs by Level 2 high risk, both offences were of a violent nature and not related to sexual offending. Overall, the figures in respect of Recalls to Prison suggest that agencies are responding quickly to manage offenders appropriately and to ensure that the public are protected from those offenders who have the potential to cause harm to the community.

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Number of offenders

experienced through the multi-agency working already in place, and which is in the course of being developed further. As part of what is still a relatively new development, I am both encouraged and excited at what the future may hold in terms of continual improvement of public protection measures for our area.

Category 1: MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs)


The number of RSOs living in the Teesside area on 31 March 2005


(a) RSOs per 100,000 population


The Strategic Management Board (SMB) has continued to focus on Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Cleveland. The Board benefits from the expertise of a wide range of members who have all responded positively to the Duty to Cooperate introduced in the Criminal Justice Act 2003 implemented in the last twelve months The Board is made up of representatives from the following agencies: * * * * * * * * * * * Probation Prison Service Police Social Services Health including the Strategic Health Authority Housing Victim Support NSPCC Securicor Youth Offender Service Two recently appointed Lay Advisers


The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005


iii. The number of Sex Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) (a) applied for (b) interim SOPOs granted and (c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts in Teesside between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005:

(a) The total number applied for


agreed procedures with a number of events within all agencies. The use of case studies has assisted professionals to gain an understanding of the complexities of public protection work. Reviews of cases which have resulted in further offences occurring are reported to the Strategic Management Board with full discussion taking place on risk management plans. In the two case reviews that have taken place in the last twelve months the findings have validated the high standard of work of all professionals involved in managing the risks in the community. Two lay advisers joined the Strategic Management Board in January 2005 and are offering a useful insight already in terms of how we can promote the joint work carried out in public protection. As well as the above the implementation of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 has introduced new sentences for dangerous offenders and professionals in Criminal Justice agencies have been trained in these new measures which aim to provide an enhanced level of protection for local communities. The next twelve months will again bring challenges but the commitment of all agencies to work together will provide reassurance for local communities that significant efforts are made to monitor and manage the most difficult people living in society. 6

(b) interim SOPOs granted


(c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts in Teesside



The number of Notification Orders (a) applied for (b) interim Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in Teesside between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005:

In January of this year health members of the Strategic Management Board attended a regional conference looking at ways of working together and this has been followed up with a local seminar to improve on risk management of high/very high risk offenders. The Monitoring and Review Group chaired by Social Services has continued to meet bi-monthly and reviews practice in managing difficult people as well as ensuring the responsible authorities are targeting the right people into risk management procedures. A standard audit tool is used to assess appropriate decision-making. Issues raised have centred on domestic violence and mental health issues as regular features in the lifestyles of those who pose the highest risk to society. Members of the Strategic Management Board have continued to promote the locally

(a) The total number applied for


(b) interim Notification Orders granted


(c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in Teesside



The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) imposed by the courts in Teesside between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005:

(a) The total number applied for


(b) imposed by the courts in Teesside



Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Number of offenders

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Address 6th Floor – Centre North East 73-75 Albert Road Middlesbrough TS1 2RU Phone 01642 230533

Category 2: violent offenders and other sexual offenders

National Probation Service - Teesside Assistant Chief Officer

vi. The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) living in Teesside between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005


Category 3: Other offenders

Lay Advisors Lay Advisors

Address 6th Floor – Centre North East 73-75 Albert Road Middlesbrough TS1 2RU

Phone 01642 230533

vii. The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005


Category 4: MAPPP cases Cleveland Police viii. The number of MAPPA offenders in the three categories (1) RSOs, (2) violent and other sexual offenders (V&O) and (3) other offenders (OthO) who have been managed through the MAPPP (level 3) and through local inter-agency risk management (level 2) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005: Level 3 RSO V&O OthO 5 4 6 Level 2 12 33 39 Detective Inspector Address Police Public Protection Unit 160 Albert Road Middlesbrough TS1 2PZ Phone 01642 326326


Of the cases managed at levels 3 or 2 (ie (viii)) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 how many, whilst managed at that level were:

Victim Support and Witness Service Teesside Co-ordinator Level 3 Level 2 12

Address Briargate 4 Longlands Road Middlesbrough TS4 2JL

Phone 01642 293000

(a) Returned to custody for a breach of licence 2

(b) Returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sexual offences prevention order

Level 3 0

Level 2 0

HM Prison Service Area Manager

Address Artemis Court Meadowfield DURHAM DH7 8XQ

Phone 0191 378 6000

(c) Charged with a serious sexual or violent offence

Level 3 0

Level 2 2




Teesside MAPPA Annual Report 2004-2005