Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements Annual Report 2004–5


Foreword by Baroness Scotland
The work being undertaken to improve the safety of communities through the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) is vitally important and a priority for the government. The annual reports for 2004/5 provide evidence of that active engagement. Violence and sexual abuse are unacceptable wherever they occur and it is evident that through MAPPA, such offenders are identified and better managed than ever before. As the number of offenders within MAPPA continues to grow as expected, there is clear evidence that the Responsible Authority, that is the local Police, Probation and the Prison Service, is addressing these additional demands by strengthening local partnerships, using new statutory powers to restrict the behaviour of offenders, returning offenders to custody where they breach their licence or order and using the findings of research and inspection to strengthen national guidance and local practice. Although it is never possible to completely eliminate the risk posed by dangerous offenders, MAPPA is helping to ensure that fewer people are re-victimised. The active implementation of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) during the last year has clearly enhanced the ability of a number of agencies, including health, social services and housing, to work collaboratively with the Responsible Authority in assessing and managing those sexual and violent offenders in our communities who pose the highest risk of serious harm. For the continued success of MAPPA, this collaboration, together with the scrutiny of policy and practice, must become the hallmark of these arrangements. Similarly, MAPPA must integrate with other public protection mechanisms dealing with child abuse, domestic abuse and racial abuse.


For me, one of the most exciting developments in this arena in the last 12 months has been the appointment of lay advisers to assist the Responsible Authority in the oversight of the arrangements. As ordinary members of the public, these lay advisers represent a diverse, able and committed group of people who are now helping the statutory agencies to oversee the work being undertaken through MAPPA and communicate with the public more effectively. Without a growing sense of public knowledge and confidence about this work, much of the benefits of the public protection arrangements will be lost. I hope this annual report will be useful, informative and re-assuring to local communities. The agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of MAPPA locally are to be commended.

Baroness Scotland
Minister of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management


1. Introduction 2. Key Achievements in Warwickshire MAPPA 2004-5 3. MAPPA in Prisons in the Region 4. How We Operate Locally 5. Strategic Management Board 6. Statistics Appendix A Contacts 5 7 8 9 14 15 17 19



1 Introduction
This annual report is the fourth published since the formation of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). This report documents the progress that has been made during the year to ensure that the public are protected from potentially dangerous offenders. The focus continues to be on how all agencies work together, sharing information so that the management of risk can be as robust as possible. This is assisted by the use of the three-tier structure that ensures that resources are directed at those relatively few cases where they are needed to protect the public. During 2004 – 2005, the Prison Service became the third part of the responsible authority, joining the Police and the National Probation Service. During the same period, we have also appointed two lay advisors to the MAPPA Strategic Management Board, the board that oversees these arrangements. In line with national best practice, the management of MAPPA cases is overseen by the Public Protection Unit based at Police Headquarters and staff within the unit are working hard to ensure a proactive approach is adopted in tackling potentially dangerous offenders. This has achieved a number of positive outcomes. Warwickshire also achieved accreditation from the Police Information Technology Unit for the installation of a new national database for recording information on dangerous offenders.


These changes to the structures and arrangements have enhanced our approach but they will not protect the public on their own. The staff in all of the agencies implementing these arrangements have ensured that the quality of the information shared has been of the highest standard, assisting in good decision making and intervention. We would like to thank all staff involved in MAPPA for their contribution to making Warwickshire a safer place for us all.

Bob Golding
Assistant Chief Constable Warwickshire Police and Chair of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board

Liz Stafford
Chief Officer Warwickshire Probation

Lorraine Mosson-Jones
Regional Risk Manager West Midlands Prisons


2 Key Achievements in Warwickshire MAPPA 2004-5
The processes introduced in the previous year have now been fully implemented across all agencies involved in the MAPPA process and focuses their attention and resources to improving the quality of public protection work through partnership. The integrated referral process ensures that we are able to direct our time and resources to managing the high risk and dangerous cases, commonly called the ‘critical few’ whilst still maintaining the management of the other offenders. Training During the year, staff from all agencies received training from the Lucy Faithfull Foundation on defensible decision making, how risk assessment and risk management link into the MAPPA process, the use of internal and external inhibitors by offenders and the use of community orders. The staff in the PPU were trained in the use of ViSOR. ViSOR The introduction of the Violent and Sexual Offenders Register (ViSOR) in the Public Protection Unit (PPU) was achieved according to a planned time-scale and the implementation and development of this system is a significant step in the management of these offenders. This application is the first networked confidential system created and owned by the Police Service and linking into the National Intelligence Model (NIM) which allows information about dangerous offenders to be shared by the police across force boundaries. It also has direct links to the Police National Computer (PNC) in that information from the one system is transferred directly to the other database. The role of the Prison Service in MAPPA 2004-5 One of the important ways in which the Criminal Justice Act (2003) strengthened the MAPPA was to make the Prison Service part of the Responsible Authority with Police and Probation in each of the 42 areas in England and Wales. The Prison Service has been given this enhanced role in recognition of the important part it plays in protecting the public by keeping offenders in custody, helping them to address the causes of their offending behaviour and by undertaking other work to assist their successful resettlement. As part of the Responsible Authority, the Prison Service is now represented on each of the Strategic Management Boards (SMBs) in the 42 areas. The prison estate is configured differently from Police/Probation areas in that its establishments are contained within only 12 geographical areas and two functional areas – the High Security estate and Contracted Prisons. For this reason, arrangements for Prison Service representation on SMBs vary across the country but each Prison Service Area Manager has entered into an agreement with the SMBs on how the service will contribute both strategically and operationally to the MAPPA. The main focus of the Prison Service contribution is at an operational level. A number of measures have been put in place across the prison estate to ensure that this will be effective and result in: G Prompt identification of MAPPA offenders so that their details can be used in sentence planning arrangements, including interventions to manage and reduce risk. G Regular monitoring of the behaviour of those assessed as presenting the highest risk and sharing information with Police and Probation colleagues. G All relevant risk management information being provided to multi-agency meetings which helps to plan an offender’s release. G At least three months notification to Police and Probation of the expected release dates of those offenders who have been referred to the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) and at least six weeks notification of those being managed at level 2 risk meetings. G No changes to release dates or arrangements being made without prior consultation with Police and Probation. Playing an effective role in the multiagency risk management of MAPPA offenders requires good communication between criminal justice partners. The Prison Service has taken steps to ensure that there are dedicated points of contact for public protection at both area level and in every prison establishment and that these are published together with Police and Probation contacts to ensure better communication across the Responsible Authority. With the ever increasing MAPPA population and proportion of those received into prison likely to grow with the introduction of the new public protection sentences, the inclusion of the Prison Service as part of the Responsible Authority will continue to be vital in protecting the public.


3 MAPPA in Prisons in the Region
The West Midlands Prisons Area includes four MAPPA areas: G Warwickshire G Staffordshire G West Mercia G West Midlands In preparation for becoming part of the Responsible Authority, the Prison Service in the West Midlands created a new post of Area Risk Manager to lead on MAPPA. The Area Risk Manager works with MAPPA in Warwickshire as well as West Midlands, Staffordshire, and West Mercia, attending the Strategic Management Board and working with the Public Protection Unit to improve the efficiency of systems and communication between the prisons and the community. A model for communication is being finalised to establish common practices across the region. The Area Risk Manager provides regular feedback to the Area Manager and Governors in the area on national, regional and local developments. Key Achievements Public Protection Coordinators Each of the prisons in the region has identified someone to coordinate public protection and MAPPA work

and these coordinators attend regular area meetings to support the development of sound and consistent practice and procedures. This has included the development of shared training materials and consistent documentation. Risk Management Teams Each prison has established a Risk Management Team that meets at least once a month. The Risk Management Team: G Discusses individual prisoners that are subject to MAPPA and who have been assessed as being at high or very high risk of serious harm to others. G Gathers information to support the risk assessment and risk management of these offenders while they are in custody and in preparation for their release and shares it with the appropriate agency in the community. G Works to make sure that those to be managed at level 2 or level 3 on release are prioritised for further assessments and for interventions that will reduce their risk, including sex offender treatment programmes and other group work for violent offenders.

The prisons in this area are determined to ensure that the best possible links are established with MAPPA and the community at a strategic and operational level.

4 How We Operate Locally
The agencies involved in the MAPPA processes in Warwickshire continue to strive to make this a safer place to live. Warwickshire Police, Warwickshire Probation Service, the Health Trusts, the Borough and District Councils and Warwickshire County Council fund the work of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) and the coordinator. Structure of the Warwickshire MAPPA Following Home Office guidance, Warwickshire has restructured its Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) to reflect three levels of activity and has appointed a MAPPA Coordinator. MAPPA Level 1 All cases that come through the MAPPA referral process are carefully screened to assess the level of risk and level of harm an individual presents. The referral is sent out to the participating agencies to check whether they have any information about the risk of harm an offender presents, and then the referral is returned back to the Public Protection Unit where a decision is made as to the level that is most appropriate for managing the case. The MAPPA Coordinator will make the decision in conjunction with the referring agency about whether the case should be placed on a level 2 meeting. If the case is not placed at level 2, the referring agency will manage it. This could entail a different type of multi-agency meeting (eg a mental health case conference), or it could be dealt with by the referring agency through the usual liaison with partner agencies. MAPPA Level 2 The next level of activity is level 2, which is a local meeting held in each district of Warwickshire once a month. The MAPPA Coordinator chairs this and membership of the level 2 meetings includes Police and Probation, Social Services, housing departments, Mental Health Services and a representative of the prison. It will focus on high-risk cases where high levels of harm are likely but the level of resource needed to manage that risk is not likely to be unusual or extraordinary. Level 2 meetings tend to deal with offenders who are assessed as likely to commit offences such as rape, child abuse, arson or serious violence. The MAPPA Coordinator will ensure that where a victim’s wishes are known by the Victim Contact Unit, that the victim has the opportunity for their views to be presented to the panel. They are used to help plan the return of dangerous offenders from prison into the community and are also a forum where the Probation Service can check with agencies about the appropriateness of its recommendations to release certain offenders. MAPPA Level 3 The highest level of MAPPA comprises the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel or MAPPP which deals with the ‘critical few’ cases

which pose the highest risk of very serious harm to the community. The MAPPP is chaired by a Detective Superintendent or Assistant Chief Probation Officer to reflect serious high-level ownership of the issues. Agencies invited in addition to the Police and the Probation Service are likely to include Social Services, housing departments, Mental Health Services, a representative of the prison and any other relevant agency that can contribute towards the management of the offender’s risk. The distinguishing feature of the MAPPP is the need for high-level managerial representation at the meeting to guarantee availability of unusual or extraordinary resources to manage a particular offender. A MAPPP might also be called to manage any offenders who are likely to attract media attention and public interest and concern. Referrals to MAPPA The Police automatically refer Registered Sex Offenders. Probation automatically refers all those offenders who have received a 12month or longer custodial sentence for a violent or sexual offence, who are not already registered as a sex offender. Mental Health Services have to refer all cases where an offender is found not guilty of a sexual or violent offence by reason of insanity and made subject to a Hospital Order or Guardianship Order. Any agency can refer an offender who is believed to pose a high risk of harm to the community, and who has been convicted of a serious offence in the past. How agencies make the referral There is a referral form which agencies are required to complete if they wish to refer a case through for a MAPPA response. In the first instance, professionals who are unsure of the MAPPA process

should have a discussion with the MAPPA Coordinator or agency representative, to discuss their concerns and whether a referral is appropriate. The MAPPA Coordinator can be reached at the Public Protection Unit at Police Headquarters in Leek Wootton. The public cannot make a referral to the MAPPA. If a member of the public has concerns about an individual, they need to speak to the Police in most instances or the agency that is dealing with that person (eg Mental Health Services, Social Services). Sex Offender Treatment Programme Warwickshire participates in a regional Sex Offender Programme which was led by West Midlands Probation Service. Since 1 April 2005 the four Probation areas in the region have collaborated and established a regional unit to carry out this work. Sex offenders who complete the Community Sex Offender Group Work Programme are half as likely to re-offend as untreated offenders. This was the overall finding of a five year evaluation project run by Dr Jayne Allam, a psychologist at the University of Birmingham. The Community Sex Offender Group Work Programme works with offenders released from prison on licence or those serving community sentences. The programme has been nationally accredited for use with offenders and is part of the Probation Service’s ‘What Works’ approach, which develops evidence based methods for working with offenders that have been shown to be effective. It combines intensive group therapy work and psychometric testing, and is regularly assessed for effectiveness.

Sex offenders can be directed to attend as part of a community sentence or as a condition of their release from prison. The programme can last for up to 200 hours, with individuals being required to attend weekly, for between 18 months and two years. The programme helps the offender think about their offences and the impact on the victim, and helps them learn new skills to constrain and control their behaviour which complement the external controls that are imposed through MAPPA. The best way to explain how the MAPPA works to protect the public is by giving case examples of the work done to manage the risks. It should be remembered that although agencies seek to minimise and reduce the risks to the public, the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel cannot eradicate risks to the community altogether without an offender being returned to custody. The decision to return a person to prison is ultimately a decision for the Courts, but by working together, agencies can significantly reduce the risks. Case study one William is a dangerous offender who has received a long prison sentence for a serious assault on Anne, his ex partner. Information was sent to the MAPPA coordinator from both the Probation Service and the Prison Service stating that William was likely to receive an early release from his sentence. As he was considered to be one of the ‘critical few’, he was discussed at a multiagency meeting which outlined the risks William posed, particularly to his ex partner. The Public Protection Unit (PPU) was tasked with contacting Anne to inform her of his impending release. She was very distressed about the threat she felt

from William and arrangements were made for her protection. Further enquiries showed that William was a foreign national and could be deported from the UK to his country of origin and that he was wanted in that country for serious crime. The PPU contacted the Immigration Service and the prison to ensure that processes were in place for his deportation. They then contacted the family of the victim in that country to inform them of his release and deportation. The family was reassured that the authorities were aware of his arrival and were dealing with the case. He was subsequently arrested and charged with the offence. The PPU then visited Anne again to inform her that William had been deported. Case study two Harry has a history of offending behaviour, some of it sexual, against numerous victims. He has been assessed within the Health Service as having mild learning difficulties and he also suffers from chronic social anxiety and prolific self harm.

He is coming to the end of a lengthy prison sentence for a serious sexual assault. He will be on licence for two years under the supervision of the Probation Service. He was referred by the Prison Service due to his offence and because of his aggressive sexual behaviour, he was then referred to the MAPPA Coordinator by the health service. He was discussed at a multi-agency meeting where the risks he posed to himself and the community upon his release, were discussed. Harry wished to go and live at his parents address but this would have caused problems as the address was close to his previous partner, Carol, who was still living at the address they shared and she had a new born child that he was not the father of. The meeting decided it would be better for him to live in an approved hostel for some period after his release. It was also decided that he would benefit from attending the sex offender group programme run by the Probation Regional Sex Offender Unit and that he saw a psychologist. The meeting then requested that he had these conditions placed on to his licence as well as deciding that

he should be tagged on his release with a condition not to approach Carol. On learning of Harry’s impending release, Carol with the help of the Local Housing Authority moved to an address in another part of the county. Harry has now been in the community for a number of months. He has complied fully with the conditions of his licence, attending the sex offender programme run by Probation, kept all his appointments with the psychologist and has not attempted to locate or approach Carol. Case study three: Linking MAPPA in Prisons with the Community Charles was convicted of threats to kill and false imprisonment and received a custodial sentence for offences against his female partner. There had been a history of him being violent towards her within their relationship. Charles also had a significant and varied history of offending which included both violent and acquisitive offences. The prison acted in a number of ways to manage Charles: G Assessment and treatment G Monitoring G Information-sharing Assessment and Treatment Charles was assessed for involvement in offence related group work and as a consequence was referred to and completed two significant treatment programmes: Enhanced Thinking Skills and Focus. These programmes were intended to reduce his risk of reoffending. Monitoring Staff in the prison monitored Charles’ behaviour in prison and became concerned that some of his

telephone calls out of the prison were not healthy and were potentially related to future risk of offending. Concerns were raised specifically about the victims of his offences and their children. Information Sharing Charles was discussed at the prison’s Risk Management Team with information gathered from a number of departments, including Health Care and the Police. The prison’s Public Protection Coordinator collated risk information and shared this with Charles’ outside probation officer, Social Services and the agency likely to provide accommodation for him on release. Sound links were established between the MAPPA processes in the community and the public protection systems within the prison. Effective management of this particular offender was supported by regular and positive communication between the prison and the agencies in the community. The MAPPA protect the public in some of the following ways: G They share critical information about high-risk offenders so that each agency has the most complete picture they can get in making decisions and managing that person. G They make critical decisions together and bring greater accountability into that process on behalf of the community. For example, if the Probation Service wanted to recommend releasing a dangerous person into the community from prison they would have to justify that decision to the panel as well as to the Prison Parole Board.

G In certain cases they make decisions to inform schools, parents or employers about the risks an offender poses. G They enable special resources to be found for difficult cases which would not usually be available. For example, specialist risk assessments from outside experts or specialist housing provision which would reduce the offender’s potential opportunity to offend. G Each agency has a range of different legal powers which can be sought to control or prevent behaviour, including Anti-Social Behaviour Orders, Notification Orders, Sexual Offences Prevention Orders, Foreign Travel Orders and Licence Conditions, power to evict, electronic tagging and Curfew Orders. These, when used together, can often help make a package of measures that ensure offenders are managed more safely. G Panels can sometimes offer specific measures to help protect victims, such as accommodating the offender in another area. The panels can also inform victims of the plans being made for release and rehabilitation of high-risk offenders, and give victims police alarms and reassurance.

Day in the life of a probation officer As I supervise a large number of offenders in the community, as well as some serving prison sentences for serious offences, my role as a probation officer is both challenging and demanding. Each offender who I supervise (for example sex offenders, violent offenders, arsonists etc) will have their own specific needs and underlying issues that need to be addressed to reduce their offending behaviour. To enable me to identify suitable interventions to reduce their offending, I use the nationally accredited OASys probation risk assessment tool. This is a complex document that requires the offence and the offender’s lifestyle to be examined in detail with them. I complete a risk screening and full risk analysis to determine if the offender is deemed low, medium, high or very high risk, and identify those factors which impact on their offending behaviour. When this assessment is complete, I will devise a supervision plan which will include the work that he or she is required to do and any restrictions that are likely to be placed on them. This could include being required to undertake anger management work, sex offender treatment programmes or drug and alcohol management courses and could involve restrictions such as a curfew, being banned from contacting victims or entering certain areas of Warwickshire as part of the licence conditions. I also carry out a number of home visits in line with the National Standards set by Government to ensure the number of visits an offender receives from their probation officer. Where offenders fail to comply with their community sentence or licence conditions,

I instigate enforcement procedures. This often means that when an offender breaks the conditions of their licence from prison (eg by contacting a victim), they are returned to prison to serve out the rest of their sentence. Whilst supervising high-risk offenders, I have to liase regularly with the Public Protection Unit to pass on information or seek advice to ensure they are managed effectively. In one case I was supervising, I contacted the unit to advise them that I had received information from another offender who was the personal friend of a registered sex offender. In conversation, the friend stated that this particular offender had formed a relationship with a local woman who had young children. I was therefore able to pass this information on to the Public Protection Unit who were able to make relevant enquiries to ensure the safety of the local woman and her children. In performing the above role, I believe I provide an effective and essential service to the Criminal Justice System and the public. Day in the life of a police officer in the Public Protection Unit As the detective constable in the Public Protection Unit, my role involves managing the Registered Sex Offenders within Warwickshire and I am also the officer responsible as the police liaison point for the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements. Registered Sex Offenders are required to register within three days of a caution or conviction or within three days of their release from custody. Following their initial registration, I will complete an initial visit to that offender to establish their

current circumstances, ensure they are aware of their registration requirements and to complete an initial assessment of their risk to the community. As part of the risk assessment process I will also liase with other agencies such as Social Services, the Probation Service, Mental Health Services and housing departments. Each offender is classified as very high, high, medium or low risk of re-offending, using nationally recognised assessments tools, which have been validated by research for accuracy. I liase closely with other agencies to ensure that the public is protected appropriately. For example, I received information that a Registered Sex Offender had formed a relationship with an elderly vulnerable woman whose grandchildren regularly visited. It was known that he presented a risk both to vulnerable women and children. As a result of this, action was taken to warn the woman of the risks posed by the offender. This is a typical, routine example where close liaison and working together between agencies has prevented a vulnerable adult and children being abused. I also, in line with the National Intelligence Model, inform the local police and enter their details on the force intelligence system about any offenders living in their area. I also pass this information to the force analysts for inclusion in force and divisional assessments. If offenders have associations in other police areas we make that force aware of the issues and often attend their MAPPA meetings. Working with Victims To prevent offenders re-victimising their victims or others, the MAPPA has to work effectively with the victims of crime. This is why the MAPPA links directly into the work of

the Victim and Witness Information Partnership (VIP) in Warwickshire. Work of the VIP

including notification of release dates and any additional measures to increase their safety. MAPPA and VIP

The VIP brings together the Police, Crown Prosecution Service, Probation Service, Youth Offending Service, Magistrates Courts and Crown Courts with domestic violence support agencies, Victim and Witness Support and anti-social behaviour coordinators. It provides a source of information for the victim about the progress of their case through the Criminal Justice System, through email, the telephone or a drop in centre. The VIP also ensures that intimidated or reluctant witnesses are supported through special measures in or outside court. The VIP electronically joins up the information of all these different agencies around the offender’s case and sets up a joined up support service so that the victim only has one place to go for all the information and support they need. The Victim Contact Unit does the following things to support victims of crime where the offender received 12 months or longer in custody for a sexual or violent offence: G Makes contact with the victim. G Consults the victim about the release plans for the offender and makes the victim’s views known to the supervising probation officer, the prison authorities and the MAPPA. G Makes recommendations about licence conditions or other aspects of an offender’s resettlement plan. G Keeps victims informed about any significant developments during sentence or after release,

For the MAPPA to do their work effectively they need to understand the victim’s perspective in the case properly. The VIP liaises directly with the MAPPA and provides a separate report on each case that is heard at either level 2 or 3. The report is made after consultation with the victim. The VIP makes its report directly to the independent chair of the panel. This report will detail the impact of the offence on the victim and their fears, views and wishes about future plans around the offender. The difference this link with the victim makes can be very significant. Knowing the area where the victim lives and how the victim was affected by the offence can help the MAPPA meetings plan where the offender should be directed to live after custody for the duration of their licence. In some cases the meeting can place an offender away from the victim. In others, the Probation Service can seek a condition of the licence that prevents the offender making any contact with the victim. Victims often have a keen sense of the risk posed by an offender, especially if the offence was part of an ongoing relationship with the offender. This information can be very useful to the assessment and management of the offender. Where a victim fears that an offender will target them again, the MAPPA can help minimise these risks and fears by taking special measures and providing information, advice and reassurance to the victim. Some decisions and plans have been changed as a result of hearing the victim’s perspective.

5 Strategic Management Board
Warwickshire has established a Strategic Management Board (SMB) that meets quarterly to monitor and review the effectiveness of MAPPA, make recommendations for change and publish the annual report. The chair of the board rotates between the Chief Probation Officer and the Assistant Chief Constable. In addition to the Police and Probation, the board has representation from the Prison Service, Social Services, the Youth Offending Service, the education and housing departments and the primary care trusts in Warwickshire. In addition, a representative of the electronic tagging service is also invited to attend the board. The board has direct links with the Warwickshire Area Child Protection Committee (ACPC), which is a committee that organises and oversees the work of the Warwickshire agencies to help protect children from abuse within Warwickshire. The Police, Probation and Social Services representatives on the SMB also sit on the Warwickshire ACPC to develop strong links and continuity of policy. Two lay members from the public have been appointed to sit on the Strategic Management Board to add an extra element of public scrutiny to the MAPPA in Warwickshire. The learning curve has been very steep and continues to be so. We have attended all Strategic Management Board (SMB) meetings since our appointment. Through these meetings we have met the other members of the SMB and been offered considerable support and induction, including visits to key places and one to one meetings with the SMB members who have given of their time freely. We both appreciate all the efforts that have contributed to our understanding of the process and look forward to continuing to experience such a cooperative working environment. We are now feeling better able to contribute meaningfully to the process and are starting to be able to identify some questions that we feel we can ask to the benefit of the process and its successful outcomes. The processes involved in MAPPA are many and detailed. The amount of thought and discussion that takes place in consideration of public protection issues is reassuring. Our role as Lay Advisers is to offer the public’s point of view and input ordinary concerns to a team of highly trained professionals. Our role is one that we believe can only benefit both the process and the required outcome of protecting public interests. Some of the visits we have made include: G Shrewsbury Prison. G A level 3 meeting. G A level 2 meeting. G Local Approved Premises with Chief Officer of Probation. G Local Authority Housing Department. G Local Primary Care Trust. G Senior Police Officer. G Social Services Department. We are hoping also to be able to accompany a Forensic Community Psychiatric Nurse to a local police station. The future of the role of Lay Advisers rests with the continued full inclusion and participation in the MAPPA process.

Lay Advisers As Lay Advisors, we have undertaken detailed training, provided directly by the Home Office, in both the role of the MAPPA and our place within those arrangements. On taking up our post in Warwickshire, we have been welcomed and included unconditionally by all we have come across – a situation not to be taken for granted.


6 Statistics
The statistical information this year continues the trend from last year and only includes those cases where the offender is in the community. The main changes in the figures this year reflect the requirement introduced by the Home Office to include those managed at level 2 as well as those managed at level 3. Registered Sex Offenders There has been an increase in the number of persons required to register during the last twelve months from 183 to 231. This increase partly reflects the increase in number of offenders arrested under Operation Orr, child pornography on the internet and partly from the change in legislation brought about by the Sexual Offences Act 2003 which made it a requirement for more people to notify the police of their details. It should be remembered that not all of the registered sex offenders living in the community pose a high risk of re-offending. Those who do are subject to a higher level of monitoring. Violent Offenders The number of potentially dangerous offenders (usually violent offenders) in Warwickshire have not significantly changed from the previous year. Of those cases managed at level 2 or 3 as set out in the statistics in Appendix A at ix c, 2 were charged with further violent offences. One was charged with murder and received life imprisonment, the other received 42 months custody for offences of wounding and theft. Other Offenders These are offenders who are not registered sex offenders or who do not have a twelve month sentence or longer for a violent offence. It includes those offenders who are not automatically picked up in the other two categories but who pose significant risks to the community. Some of these are mentally disordered offenders referred by the Mental Health Service, which has caused the numbers to significantly increase from last year, up to 67 from 37. This reflects a more integrated approach to the management of these offenders as the Health Service became more involved in MAPPA



Appendix A

Statistical information
Number of sexual, violent and other offenders covered by Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)
1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) i) The number of RSOs living in Warwickshire on 31 March 2005. 231

Warwickshire No. of offenders

This information excludes RSOs in prison. ia) ii) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. The number of (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for, (b) interim SOPOs granted and (c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts in Warwickshire between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. a) b) c) The number of (a) Notification Orders applied for, (b) interim Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in Warwickshire between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. a) b) c) The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) imposed by the courts in Warwickshire between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005. a) b) 45 10


0 0 3


1 0 1


0 0


Category 2 MAPPA offenders: violent offenders and other sexual offenders (V&OS) vi) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) living in Warwickshire between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. 68


Category 3 MAPPA offenders: Other Offenders (OthO) vii) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. 67



Offenders managed though Level 3 (MAPPP) and Level 2 (local inter-agency management) (viii) Identify how many MAPPA offenders in each of the three Categories (ie (1)- RSOs, (2)- V&O and (3)- OthO above) have been managed through the MAPPP (level 3) and through local inter-agency risk management (level 2) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005. RSO V&O OthO

Level 3

Level 2

3 2 0

19 44 24

The level 3 figure is the ‘critical few’. The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP are defined in MAPPA Guidance as those in which the offender: G is assessed under OASys as being a high or very high risk of causing serious harm; AND G presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close cooperation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments it requires; OR G although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is exceptional because the likelihood of media scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a need to ensure that public confidence in the criminal justice system is sustained. The level 2 figure should include those offenders who have not been managed at level 3 at any point in the counting period and meet the criteria set out in the MAPPA Guidance as follows: G The management of the offender requires the active involvement of more than one agency but the complexity of managing the risk is not so great as to require referral to Level 3, the MAPPP. (ix) Of the cases managed at levels 3 or 2 (ie (viii)) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 how many, whilst managed at that level: (a) were returned to custody for a breach of licence? a) (b) were returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sexual offences prevention order? b) (c) were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence? c)

1 0 0

9 0 2

For these purposes a serious sexual and violent offence is one of the following (ie the same offences as used to trigger reporting in the National Probation Service as a ‘serious further offence’): murder; attempted murder; arson (where there is an intent to endanger life), manslaughter; rape; kidnap/abduction or attempted kidnap/abduction. Any other very serious violent or very serious sexual offence, armed robbery (defined as robbery involving a firearm), assault with a deadly weapon or hostage taking. Any other violent or sexual offence where the offender/ offence is likely to attract significant media interest or which raises wider issues of national interest.

National Probation Service, Warwickshire Area Liz Stafford Area Chief Probation Officer Address National Probation Service Warwickshire 2 Swan Street Warwick CV34 4BJ Phone 01926 405800

Warwickshire Police Detective Superintendent Brian Donley

Address Warwickshire Police HQ PO Box 4 Leek Wootton Warwickshire CV35 7QB

Phone 01926 415000

Detective Constable Steve Cox Public Protection Unit

Warwickshire Police HQ PO Box 4 Leek Wootton Warwickshire CV35 7QB

01926 415000

MAPPA Coordinator Derek Ridgway

Address Warwickshire Police HQ PO Box 4 Leek Wootton Warwickshire CV35 7QB

Phone 01926 415000



Photos: Format Photographers and the CJS Communications Team Produced by: Media and PR Team, Warwickshire Police 01926 415064