Review: [untitled] Author(s): Susanne Weigelin-Schwiedrzik Source: The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 42, No. 4 (Aug., 1983), pp.

899-900 Published by: Association for Asian Studies Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2054779 . Accessed: 10/08/2011 17:30
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BAILEY London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. References are made to the idea of studyingthe life of a Westernized aremadewith in a timeofrevolutionary intellectual change. oftheconceptofthe'AsiaticMode of reader on thehistory This is an informative who wants to get some basic knowledgeof the (AMP) foreveryone Production" by theeditors. the Wittfogel Plekhanow a choiceof notebytheeditors. democratic reforms. M. Llobera(who workin the fieldof anthropology of the concept.and a shortbibliography texts(some ofthempublishedin Englishforthefirst a bibliograpresent for readings. $18." Arkushoffers reasoneddefense. thelifeof The lasttwochapters chronicle ofthebook. Index. 363 and J.BOOK REVIEWS-CHINA AND INNER ASIA 899 By the 1940s Fei was completely repelledby Kuomintang policies.maintainingthat. but worked undercertain restrictions.and workto rebuildChinesesociology. of ventures intoanalysis overtheyears. AMP These partsare subdividedintoan introductory time). He tookheart from the HundredFlowersMovement. to me themostinteresting." Not unlikemanyotherswith similar Fei wentthrough a periodofinitialenthusiasm. EditedbyA. Yet when this hope provedfutile. Like so manyassociatedwith the DemocraticLeague. and his "bourgeoissociology. theeditors selectedfurther . Since the deathof able "to to prominence. R. he yearned fornonviolent. to Stalin. M. xi. Fei was not mistreated during the Cultural Revolution." He stayedin China after 1949." He suggests for criticizing and otherintellectuals was Communistfearof the tendency of intellectuals to be skepticaland critical. pp. descriptive. R. Bibliography. He was severely criticized for his rightist views.but too fewcomparisons or not. similarindividuals wererepresentative to concludewhether Fei's experiences rich but insufficiently and well-organized. he was identified beginning as a member oftheLuo Longji-Zhang Bojun allianceand forced to confess his guilt before the National People'sCongress.When theauthor summaries ofFei's writings are too infrequent formy but these instances largerissues. following a path taken by many other intellectuals who became disaffected because of KMT repression and corruption.he welcomedthe Communists"with apparententhusiasm. tastes. though Fei was nevera Marxist. his "chief thatthemajorreason Fei sympathy was withthepeasants. write. in sum.hisformer sympathy toward landlords a welland local government officials." of Fei This is. a usefulstudy.50.At theend of thebook. LLOBERA. trying to the new values through apparently sincereself-criticism.A. Indeed. mostly on minorities. a "bourgeoisintellectualin the People's Republic. with an excellent annotated bibliography withlongsections or oftranslations But it is largely Xiaotong'swritings.he has returned travel. he does so effectively. EUGENE LUBOT Albright College The Asiatic Mode of Production: Science and Politics. He did some academic research. It includesa generalintroduction of this theory. Mao and the removal of the Gang of Four. The resultis a book thatis clearly written in texture. partlyfrom patriotism and partly with the hope of continuing his workand makinga contribution to a new society. development and sociology)and Baileyand J. but suffered in the Anti-Rightist Movement in 1957. althoughhe did spend two yearsin a May Seventh Cadre School. 1981.the fateof the AMP from fourpartson the sourcesand formation debate on the and the contemporary watershed. to adjust backgrounds.

unfortunately forgetting to includesomeofthetitlesthey quote in theirintroductions. and Western Europeon the otherside.By tryto developthe conceptbyapplyingit to thestudyof "precapitalist" theirchoice of readingsin this part. the editorsdo not seem to be interestedin this aspect because theyneitherinclude textswrittenby authorslike RudolfBahro (who.The editors aspectof the AMP and its politicalimplications but to my themselves conceiveof the conceptas being both politicaland scientific. mind theyoverstress the scientific aspect.A. This part has a somewhat thatthe stronger academicflavor. discussesthe AMP) nor those by Western like the nouveaux and theircriticism of Marxism European intellectuals philosophes (whichis closelyrelatedto the conceptof the AMP). whichI feelwould be of greathelp forthe readerin understanding the background of the articlesby Marx and Engels.900 JOURNAL OF ASIAN STUDIES phyof "works referred to in thetextswritten bytheeditors and additional sources on theAMP" (p.on theother hand. theyunfortunately do not present Chineseauthor. althoughevenherethe reader gets the impression thanof one takestowardthe AMP is morea questionof Weltanschauung standpoint scientific research. 13). but the texts theyuse deriveexclusively ofMarxand Engels. Bochum . to mymind. In the introduction to part 1. which is rather unhelpful to the reader. In the past.S. at least implicitly. Althoughthe editorsunderlinethe close connectionof the debate to the question of how to a textfrom a legitimate the revolution in China. 336). theeditors present theirviewof themethodological and epistemological problems of research on the history of scienceand especially on the historyof social science and Marxism.mostinteresting partpresents and a numberof reviews of hisoeuvreOriental Despotism. Althoughapparently awareof this. theysummarize the main trendsof pre-Marxist fromthe writingson Asiatic societies. especiallyfor"Marxistdissidents" their withtheSovietUnion and Eastern rolein thepowerconstellation Europeon the one side and the U. The third twotextsbyWittfogel and. The secondpartconcentrates on thediscussion oftheconceptin theSovietUnion with the introduction explaining the political backgroundand its implications concerning the policyof the CPSU underStalinand the Comintern. concentrating on the questions of internalism versusexternalism. a deeper This seemsto be thereasonwhythey do notevengive biographical hintsfor studyof pre-Marxist writings on Asia. Part 4 revealsthe main problemof the book-the relationship betweenthe scientific and impacts. On the one hand. and tendingto a moreor less eclecticalstandpoint. discussionof the AMP has it will not primarily mainlybeen political. In thegeneralintroduction. and it seems to me that in the future debate but will once again become a occupyan important place in the scientific who tryto define politicaland ideologicaltool.Theyjustify their writings choiceoftextsbytheir understanding ofthemas "a foundation oftheAMP was elaborated" uponwhichtheconcept (p. Part4 consistsof two different typesof textsas productsof a new attemptat the conceptof the AMP thatbegan in the late 1950s. SUSANNE WEIGELIN-SCHWIEDRZIK RuhrUniversity. continuism versusdiscontinuism. discussing theeditors discusstheproblemon a mainlytheoretical level. the editorsseem to stressthe point that the thefactthat debateon theAMP has becomemorescholarly overtheyears and neglect it has latelyagain shownits politicalpoweras partof the processof understanding East European societies and of reevaluating Marxism among WesternEuropean intellectuals. they societies.

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