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Universidad Nacional Abierta Dirección de Investigaciones y Postgrado

NORMAS APA

University of Saskatchewan (s/f). A Concise Guide to APA Style [Documento en línea], En: http://library.usask.ca/education/apa.html#F [Consulta: 2003, Abril, 15] (Compilación con fines instruccionales)

1993). Note that a reference list differs from a bibliography in that a reference list includes only works cited within the paper.7 A51 2001) DEFINITIONS Reference citations in text: The APA system of citing sources indicates the author's last name and the date. B. see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 5th edition (Educ Lib-Reference BF76. Reference List: This list at the end of the paper documents the paper and provides the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source. teaching has been a profession in search of a body of knowledge that could be used to inform classroom practice (Slavin. within the text of the paper.94-3. 1989). in parentheses. refer to sections 3.html#F Parenthetical Citations | Page Reference | Personal Communications The purpose of this guide is to provide students with a basic introduction to APA citation style.usask. For detailed information on the reference list. Citing a work by one author: Historically.A Concise Guide to APA Style http://library. Citing a work by more than two authors: . and all references must be cited in text. Citing a work by two authors: Pedagogy is predictable to the extent that it can be observed and measured with some accuracy (Gage and Berliner. or Gage and Berliner (1989) noted that pedagogy is predictable to the extent that it can be observed and measured with some accuracy.ca/education/apa. For complete information. C.All citations in the paper must appear in the reference list. EXAMPLES OF REFERENCE CITATIONS IN TEXT A. For detailed information on reference citations in text. refer to Chapter 4 of the APA manual.103 of the APA manual. Parenthetical citations replace the traditional footnotes or endnotes.

corporation. refer to sections 3. differing religions. and unlike customs creates for all a new and broader environment" (p. Ornstein et al.41 of the APA manual. and indent each subsequent line. (Douglas. Quotation of 40 or more words: Do not use quotation marks. Citing a work by six or more authors: Cite only the surname of the first author. or Dewey (1916) observed that "the intermingling in the school of youth of different races. 2000) F. Example: . use the full name in the first citation. Bradner. E. government agency): If the group author is readily identified by an abbreviation or acronym. 2000) Subsequent references: (AERA. D. Citing a specific page in a work(quotation under 40 words): For detailed information on quotations. (meaning "and others") First reference: A survey of several community colleges in the state corroborated these findings. use the first author's last name followed by et al. cite all the authors the first time the reference appears.When the reference is to a work by three to five authors. 1916. (1999) suggest that edcuational realism has been traded for theoretical parsimony and scientific rigor. followed by et al. 1997). First reference: (American Educational Research Association[AERA]. G. and the year.. and the abbreviation in subsequent citations. Torrington and Williams. Citing a work by a group (e. Start the quote on a new line indented five spaces. 1997).34-3. In a subsequent reference.21).21). Subsequent references: Patterns of byzantine intrigue have long plagued the internal politics of community college administration in Texas (Douglas et al. p. and unlike customs creates for all a new and broader environment" (Dewey.g. association. differing religions. He also observed that "the intermingling in the school of youth of different races.

rather than APA Submitted as your preferred style. as appropriate. Citing personal communications (including email. 1999) has outlined the implications of a marketled approach to adult education.(p. interviews etc. 2001). you may cite the secondary source in the text as follows: Andrew Douglas (as cited in Whalen. give page numbers if available.57) H. If you are unable to consult the original source. with second and subsequent lines indented approximately five spaces. Qualitative approaches to educational research. description. but powerful and thoughtful dialogue focusing on inquiry and the development of personal judgement (Vandergrift. and analysis. my need as a researcher to tap into deeper social and political forces than I had to date. Citing web documents: Follow the standard author/date format. EndNote users: if you select APA Published. A secondary source is any work cited in your primary source. and creating connection among people. For quotations. C. your references will appear in the corect format. J. A. approaches that relied on observation. B. Book with multiple authors or editors (up to 6 authors): . etc. the hanging indent is back as the preferred form for entries in the reference list. Citing a secondary source: A primary source is the article or book that you have read and cited in your paper. researching. New York: Peter Lang. (1995) Present and past: Essays for teachers in the history of education. EXAMPLES OF REFERENCE LIST ENTRIES *Note: With the Fifth Edition of the APA manual. 1998). and my ongoing love for writing as a mode of learning. especially through writing and talking. Concerned educators have noted that what is needed is not censorship.): She felt that "universities must better inform the public as to how taxpayers' dollars translate into future benefits for society. Titles should be italicized rather than underlined. Book with one author: Allison. Entries should begin flush left. Singer (personal communication. March 3. B. To cite specific parts of a Web Document. I clung to one truth that seemed enduring. table. I." M. indicate the chapter. seemed most consistent with my increasingly complex perspective on literacy and learning.Neilsen (1998) states: As I prepared to begin my doctoral research.

University of Saskatchewan. E. 276-320). C. ERIC document: Radford. R. G. F. New York: Cambridge University Press. 13 (1). Powell. Aboriginal world views and their implications for the education of aboriginal adults..Canada. Boston: Northeastern University Press. (1997) . R. (1984). self. Strategies for reaching at-risk adolescents. Motivating writing in the middle school. (1993). Teaching and Teacher Education. Language acquisition and socialization.). A1. H. M. ED 987 321) J. L.Sehm. Master's thesis: Martin. K.R. Book with a corporate author: National Council of Teachers of English. Newspaper article: Ottawa preparing no-liability stance on native schools. Yazoo. Becoming a teacher educator: Voices of women academics in Canadian faculties of education. (1992). N. P. and emotion (pp..J. Book with more than six authors: After the sixth author use "et al. In R. I. K.. R. (1997. 65-74. E.R. (1996) ..V. Rediscovering the muses: Women's musical traditions.(1996).). Unpublished master's thesis. Culture theory: Essays in mind. D. Vancouver Sun. & Morrow. J. Journal article: Acker. Chapter from an edited book: Ochs. Watching what people say and do about the Greenhouse effect. (Ed.J. Gambell. Edited book: Marshall." to indicate remaining authors. IL: Author. MI: National Conference of Concerned Communicators. Urbana. Englewood Cliffs. S. Garcia. which is an exact duplicate of the print version: . Levine (Ed.December 17). Article from a electronic journal. S. Saskatoon.:Merrill. p. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. (1998). Saskatchewan.

(1996). M. L.7 . Retrieved November 16.scils.. Full text article retrieved from an online database: Schleifer. Thinking. Retrieved October 2000 from http://www. Electronic journal article retrieved from the World Wide Web (no print equivalent): Hoepfl. 33(6).A51 2001 Or. selected stories online]. 2000 from http://www/theglobeandmail.[Electronic version]. Multipage web document: Vandergrift.com/docs/news/. Retrieved February 25.doc . K.html O. E. The Globe and Mail.0626/EditorialSpecialReport /XGUIDE11.. Student scams: Cheating has never been easier. Talking to teachers and looking at practice in understanding the moral dimensions of teaching.(1997. and youth. 12(4). intellectual freedom.html N. 47-63. October 3). and detailed information on APA style. Electronic newspaper article retrieved from the World Wide Web: Bourette.. 2001 from http://borg.rutgers. (2001. & Poirier. 683-704. 9 (1).edu/ejournals/JTE/jte. check the APA style section of the APA website: http://www.Journal of Curriculum Studies.(2001).edu/special/kay/censorship.lib. Retrieved November 25. (1997). [Newspaper.vt. M. the internet. October 2001 M. 32+. G. 2000 from Education Full Text database. Journal of Technology Education.org/ Updated & expanded. M. Gagné edguide/APA. June 26). Censorship. S. M. The Effect of philosophical discussions in the classroom on respect for others and non-stereotypic attitudes.G.C.html Please note: for recent changes. Choosing qualitative research: A primer for technology education researchers. please refer to: Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 5th edition Education Library--Reference BF76.Sanger.apastyle. pp.