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Corinthians 8:1-15 Principles of Christian Financial Giving Introduction

We come now to one of the main purposes for which Paul wrote this letter (he devotes almost 20% of his letter to this): to remind them to come through on their commitment to give money for the relief of Jerusalem Christians. Read 1 Cor. 16: 1-4 for original request. Paul wanted to relieve human suffering and be a witness of Christ’s power to reconcile people divided by racial and ethnic barriers. The Corinthians evidently made a generous commitment, but started to renege on it as the time drew near to pick it up. Paul writes these two chapters to motivate them to make good on their commitment. In doing so, he reminds them of several key theological principles of Christian financial giving. This is significant. Paul wants them to come through on their collection, but he knows that their behavior is connected to their convictions about biblical truth. So he focuses primarily on these principles. As with the Corinthians, this is a trouble-spot for many of us. Christians: How we handle our money is one of the truest indices of how well we understand God’s Word and how much we trust God’s power and love. Non-Christians: Church scams and scandals probably make you skittish about this teaching. Let’s look at what God’s Word says about this whole area. I think you’ll find it is very different from what you expect . . .

Giving is a response to God’s grace
Read vs 1-4. Paul obviously sees the Macedonians as an example for the Corinthians and us. What an example of voluntary, sacrificial generosity! What motivated this kind of giving? Paul mentions the secret in vs 1a, and he spells it out in vs 9--the grace of God. All authentic Christian giving (financially and otherwise) is a response to God’s grace. “Grace” here does not refer to a prayer before Easter dinner or social charm. It is the most important theological term in the New Testament. As Paul says in vs 9, grace is God’s Riches At Christ’s Expense. Grace means that because Christ was willing to take on what he did not deserve (the guilt of our sins and God’s judgment on those sins), God is now free to give us what we do not deserve (FORGIVENESS; ADOPTION; ETERNAL LIFE; ROLE IN GOD’S PURPOSE; HOLY SPIRIT; etc.).

How does grace affect our attitude toward financial giving? We can answer this question by contrasting giving under grace to another mentality of financial giving--giving under law. Consider the following contrasts: UNDER LAW: “I give in order to be accepted.” Of course, this is the way other religions operate (ISLAM: ALMS AS ONE OF 5 PILLARS). Many have been taught that Christianity teaches this as well, which is totally false. UNDER GRACE: “I give because I have been accepted.” When it comes home to you what you really deserve versus what God has given you--the result is to say “Thank you” to God by giving freely and sacrificially to others (SCROOGE; Lk. 7:47; Matt. 10:8b)--in all kinds of ways, including financially. GOSPEL: Maybe you’ve never received God’s grace. This is as good a time as any! This is why, when we take a collection at this meeting, we always make it clear that we are not asking or expecting non-Christians to give. We don't want to reinforce the misconception of salvation by works. Don't get the cart before the horse (moral change & good works before receiving Christ). Come to Christ, receive God’s free gift of forgiveness and eternal life and Holy Spirit--and then you can give because you have been acceped. CHRISTIANS (if time): We can understand grace, yet still give under law if we are giving primarily to get other people’s acceptance . . . UNDER LAW: “My giving is a duty that I resent.” This is the natural consequence of a works mentality. This is the way most of us give to the IRS--we have to do it, but the whole thing is so impersonal and legalistic that it takes any joy out of it. UNDER GRACE: “My giving is a privilege that I enjoy.” See above. UNDER LAW: “I give the least I can to keep God/others off my back.” Stinginess always flows from law-living. UNDER GRACE: “I give as much as I can to express my gratitude for God’s love.” Grace promotes generous, voluntary giving like the Macedonians. QUALIFICATION: Some Christians misinterpret 9:7 to mean that calling on other Christians to make financial giving commitments, or reminding them to fulfill such commitments is putting them under the law. Paul has already called on them to make a commitment (1 Cor. 16:1,2 - “I direct you”), and he is writing this section to remind them to come through on this commitment (8:11; 9:5). So this can’t be what he means in 9:7. Some say he means we shouldn’t give if we feel grudging or like we have to give. But my sin-nature frequently generates such feelings--I’d give very little if I only gave when I felt like it. Paul is simply reminding us that God wants us to choose to give with the right attitude. We should reflect on God’s grace, and choose to give voluntarily and cheerfully on that basis. The feelings sometimes precede,

If I find that I am viewing giving as a distasteful duty. Good stewards faithfully used their master’s resources to advance his concerns and increase his wealth. Yet statistics reveal that as most American Christians’ income goes up. but for reward. God is the Owner of all that we have (Ps. 24:1. but we should still give significantly. shapes our attitude about this whole area. One day we will give an account to him for how we did this (Matt. their percentage of giving goes down! Something is wrong with this picture!!! Many of us are at an expensive period of our lives (children. entrusted with the privilege and responsibility to manage his resources to advance his purposes. OWNERS ask “Do I want this?” and (sometimes) “Can I afford it?” STEWARDS ask “How will this affect my ability to advance God’s purposes?” . this informed choice. Stewardship was one of Jesus’ favorite characters in his parables. 25)--not for salvation. 6:19. education. provide for our families. the answer isn’t to stop giving--it is to change my attitude! Giving is an acknowledgment that we are God’s stewards Read vs 5. etc.20). Most Americans regard themselves as sovereign owners and their money as exclsuively their own personal property to be used to advance their own interests. God gives us freedom to use his resources the way we decide (and no church or Christian should take this freedom away from one another).and at other times follow. etc. What difference does it make whether we view ourselves as owners or stewards? All the difference in the world! How we view this issue. bad stewards misused his resources for personal gain or squandered them out of laziness. But we should never live luxuriously while the owner’s affairs are being neglected. The key point here is that we give our money to advance the cause of Christ because we have first acknowledged God’s rightful ownership of our whole lives. Here we collide directly with the view of our own culture. A steward was a manager--someone who managed the owner’s farm or business. This is far more important than simply ascertaining a bootom-line “How much should I give?” Consider these perspective differences: OWNERS ask “How much of my money will I give to God?” STEWARDS ask “How much of God’s money will I keep for myself?” It is appropriate for stewards to have enough to live on. We are his stewards. like grace. Giving should be an expression of our identity as God’s stewards. and consider the GRADUATED TITHE as our income increases and some of our costs begin to decrease. 1 Cor. Here is another biblical principle that should inform our thinking about finances and giving. make realistic provision for recreation.). but with this freedom comes real accountability.

MISSIONS WORK). But we will approach such decisions with this kind of sobriety. This may be responsible OWNERSHIP. With easy credit. 3:3. but it is irresponsible STEWARDSHIP! There are the needs of other Christians to consider.” Boy. but their deficiency in this area kept Paul from calling them models of Christian living. his Word. etc. we are propagandized to not ask this question--buy now because you want it and pay later (or increase your credit limit). Christian MINISTRIES.” God says money is a symbol of our time and effort. .Certainly. many in Corinth (and Xenos) thought they could be spiritual without transformation is this area. And there are the needs of the lost who are dear to God’s heart.8 >> EXPLAIN Servant Team & Fiscal Support Team). Giving is an essential component of Christian spirituality The Corinthian Christians had a lot going for them spiritually. stay faithful to their spouse. 12:34). fellowship with other Christians. How we spend it is a key indicator of our true priorities (Lk. Since we will answer to God. both locally and extra-locally (8:13-15). OWNERS say “My finances and giving are my private business. learn the Word. He calls on them to complete the profile of spiritual health/maturity by filling in this component (read vs 7). But for some reason. is this ever an American attitude! They tend to resent questions or challenges from others in this area as intrusive. Many of us know from cruel experience the financial slavery this mentality leads to. But just because I can afford something does not mean that I should buy it.. being able to afford something shouldbe a necessary condition for purchasing it. and counsel from other more mature Christians who understand money matters. and look for creative ways to subsidize this great purpose (LOCAL CHURCH GIVING. They receive no personal remuneration for their services. we consult God’s will through prayer. share their faith. But STEWARDS say “I will seek wise counsel so I can be faithful with God’s resources. Most of us would (rightfully) reject the notion that someone is spiritual even though they rarely pray. for example. HERBERT KANE: “The last part of the person to convert is his wallet.” Instead of viewing our finances and giving as our private business. This is why we unapologetically require a record of significant giving to be a deacon or elder in our church (1 Tim. PLUG PERSONAL FINANCE MINISTRY TEAM: They are mature Christians who understand finances. STEWARDS are caught up with God’s passion to reach the lost. we must make the final decision and not let others make it for us.

NEW CHRISTIANS: Get started early in this area! The longer you wait. all she had to live on' . . we are probably giving way too little. In other words. the harder it gets . The supreme value of the widow's gift lay in the fact that she `out of her poverty. .while the others gave `out of their surplus' (Mk. fellowship requirements. We can give significantly whether we are financially rich or poor Read vs 12." 2[2] Therefore. Here is a searching test of our giving. If our charities do not at all pinch or hamper us. Conclusion 1 2 ..We have biblical knowledge requirements. and the amount that is left. we can give significantly whether we have a lot or a little! STUDENTS & DEBTORS: “I can’t give very much. the love that accompanies it. amusements. ministry requirements. character requirements. etc. "This is ." 1[1] "I do not believe one can settle how much we ought to give. as by the sacrifice involved. I am afraid the only safe rule is to give more than we can spare. but that incident should greatly encourage those who have only a little to give. There ought to be things we should like to do and cannot do because our charitable expenditure excludes them. the arithmetic of heaven. God estimates our gifts not so much by their financial value. I should say they are too small. if our expenditure on comforts.--and we have this requirement.” You’re missing this point. 12:44). Refer to Mark 12:41-44. luxuries. is up to the standard common among those with the same income as our own. the new mathematics. etc. so I’ll wait until I get out of school/debt and then I’ll start to give. . and you probably won’t give then either. . but give it gladly. put in all she owned.

which he shall give him. according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee. .NEXT WEEK: We’ll cover more principles . Douay-Rheims Bible But every one shall offer according to what he hath. . according to the blessing of the LORD your God which He has given you. << Deuteronomy 16:17 >> New American Standard Bible (©1995) "Every man shall give as he is able. American King James Version Every man shall give as he is able. according to the blessing of Jehovah thy God which he hath given thee. King James Bible Every man shall give as he is able. Darby Bible Translation each shall give according to that which is . according to the blessing of the Lord his God. American Standard Version every man shall give as he is able. according to the blessing of the LORD your God which he has given you.

according to the blessing of Jehovah thy God which he hath given thee. English Revised Version every man shall give as he is able. often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases . Webster's Bible Translation Every man shall give as he is able. according to the blessing of Jehovah thy God.in his power to give. Every man shall give as he is able __ according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee Every man 'iysh (eesh) a man as an individual or a male person. according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee. World English Bible every man shall give as he is able. according to the blessing of Yahweh your God which he has given you. according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee. Young's Literal Translation each according to the gift of his hand. which He hath given to thee.

the Lord. means. used with greatest latitude of application (put. -ly). God (gods)(-dess. etc. (in a bad sense) a bribe -. make. judges. etc. liberal.) thee Deuteronomy 16:17 Multilingual Bible . exceeding.gift.frequently not expressed in translation) shall give as he is able mattanah (mat-taw-naw') a present. mighty.). yad (yawd) a hand (the open one (indicating power. direction. specifically (in a good sense). present. according to the blessing Brakah (ber-aw-kaw') benediction. Jehovah. which he hath given nathan (naw-than') to give. pool. by implication prosperity -blessing. Jewish national name of God -. thy God 'elohiym (el-o-heem') angels. a sacrificial offering. of the LORD Yhovah (yeh-ho-vaw') (the) self-Existent or Eternal.Jehovah. (very) great.

New American Standard Bible (©1995) said. Luke 21:3 "I tell you the truth. And give according to what you have. 1968.) gifts out of their wealth. 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www. ScriptureText. 1971. but she out of her poverty put in all she had to live on.Deutéronome 16:17 French Deuteronomio 16:17 Biblia Paralela 申 命 記 16:17 Chinese Bible New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960.org." . 1962. 1972.com Multilingual Bible New International Version (©1984) Exodus 25:2 "Tell the Israelites to For if the willingness is there. not what you don't have. Jesus said. it is acceptable according to what a person has. 1977. 1975. not according to what he does not have. "I tell you the truth. 1973. not according to what he does not have. You are to receive the offering for me from each man whose heart prompts him to give." he For if the readiness is there. the gift is acceptable according to what one has. King James Bible (Cambridge Ed. Whatever you give is acceptable if you give it eagerly. All rights reserved. English Standard Version (©2001) Mark 12:43 Calling his disciples to him. 1963. New Living Translation (©2007) bring me an offering. it is acceptable according to what a person has. this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others.lockman. La Habra. Calif. not according to what he does not have. Luke 21:4 All these people gave their For if the readiness is present. "this poor widow has put in more than all the others.

2 Corinthians 8:11 Now finish the For if there be first a willing mind. Since you are willing to do this. Aramaic Bible in Plain English (©2010) that others might be relieved while you are hard pressed. which we administer in order to honor the Lord himself and to show our eagerness to help. 2 Corinthians 8:13 Our desire is not For if the eagerness is there. God doesn't ask for what they don't have. American Standard Version Acceptable Accepted Approval Assuming Earnest Gift God's Measure Mind Present Readiness Ready Well-accepted Whatever Willing For if the readiness is there. Darby Bible Translation Acceptable Accepted Approval . not according as he hath not. and not according to what he has not. it is accepted according to that which a man hath. not according to that which he hath not. so that your eager willingness to do it may be matched by your completion of it. Douay-Rheims Bible Willingness For if the will be forward. not according to what you do not have. New International Version ©1984 by For if there be first a willing mind. GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995) 2 Corinthians 8:19 What is more. but that there might be equality. it is accepted according to that a man hath. 2 Corinthians 9:7 Each man should with whatever contributions you have. it is not according to what one does not have. American King James Version For if there be first a willing mind. he was chosen by the churches to accompany us as we carry the offering. International Standard Version (©2008) work. [remember] that people are accepted if they give what they are able to give. King James 2000 Bible (©2003) give what he has decided in his heart to give. and not according to that he hath not. it is acceptable according as a man hath. and not according to that he has not. it is accepted according to what a man has. it is accepted according to that a man has. so it is accepted according to what one has. not reluctantly or under compulsion. the gift is acceptable according to what you have. for God loves a cheerful giver. according to your means. For if there is a willingness.

English Revised Version First Gift God's Measure Mind Present Readiness Ready WellAccepted Whatever Willing Willingness For if the readiness is there. it is accepted according to that a man hath. 9:7 Ex 25:2 35:5. it is accepted according to what a man hath. it is acceptable according to what you have. the gift is acceptable according to whatever a man has. however small. Webster's Bible Translation Acceptable Accepted Approval Assuming Earnest First Gift God's Measure Mind Present Readiness Ready WellAccepted Whatever Willing Willingness For if there is first a willing mind. Barnes' Notes on the Bible 19:22 Mr 12:42-44 14:7. if the heart is in it. a disposition to give. none.Assuming Earnest For if the readiness be there. it is acceptable according as a man hath. No donation. whether you be able to give much or little. assuming the earnest willingness.If there is a "readiness" (προθυμία prothumia). not according to that which he hath not.21. then the offering will be acceptable to God. according to that which any one may have it is well-accepted. not according to what he has not. not according as he hath not. Weymouth New Testament For. A willing mind is the first consideration.29 1Ch 29:3-18 2Ch 6:8 Pr for if the willing mind is present. Young's Literal Translation For if there be first a willing mind. can be acceptable where that does not exist. and not according to what he hath not. can be otherwise than acceptable where that is found. and not according to that he hath not. World English Bible For if the readiness is there. however large.48 16:10 21:1-4 1Pe 4:10 For if there be first a willing mind .8 Lu 7:44-46 12:47. and not according to what he has not.22. a man is accepted according to what he may have. 2 Corinthians Chapter 8 Verse 12 Alphabetical: a . not according to what you don't have. if.

and will receive it favorably. But it is equally true and just as applied to all the duties which we owe to God. yet it may be proof of a larger heart and of more true love to God and his cause than when a much more ample benefaction is made by one in better circumstances. small in amount." he is accepted. 2 Corinthians 9:7.Doddridge. and render it. He claims that our service should be acceptable according does For gift has have he if is it not one person present readiness the there to what willingness THE HOLY BIBLE. 2007. A willing mind is the first and main thing. and the more natural interpretation is to apply it to the gift . 2004. NIV® Copyright .All Rights Reserved. This sentiment the Saviour expressly stated and defended in the case of the poor widow. and not according to the narrowness of his fortune . She who had cast in her two mites into the treasury had put in more than all which the rich people had contributed. Rosenmuller. He demands: (1) A willing mind. see the note. . The ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible. if the individual is poor. NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. and that without which everything else will be offensive. English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles... Inc. If the means are small. a heart disposed to yield obedience. and some others apply this to the person." but the more usual. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers. but she had cast in all that she had. New Living Translation. 1984 by Biblica®. copyright ©1996.it is accepted. Macknight. 1978. but the principle is as applicable to everything in the way of duty. and if the gift shall be. therefore. for they had given of their abundance.Locke. According to that a man hath . The great and obviously just and equal principle here stated.. . Used by permission. and vain.He is not required to give what he has not. Luke 21:1-4. even all her living. His offering is acceptable to God according to the largeness and willingness of his heart. it is that which God chiefly desires. His obligation is proportioned to his ability. hypocritical. Illinois 60188.This had relation as used by Paul to the duty of almsgiving. God will approve of it. All rights reserved worldwide. The Holy Bible. a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.© 1973. Carol Stream. was originally applied by Paul to the duty of giving alms. Mark 12:42-44. It is accepted .

and might be more valuable. Our obligations in all cases are limited by our ability. 1977. GOD'S WORD® is a copyrighted work of God's Word to the Nations. with the offerings of a broken and a contrite heart as with the New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960. Calif. it may not be as much as we would desire to render. and the love is to be commensurate with the ability. and to demand more is the appropriate description of a tyrant. So of repentance. and with all thy mind. Here the obligation is limited by the ability. Quotations are used by permission. and with all thy strength. no more than we are able to render.lockman . Thus. and not to be graduated by the ability of angels or other beings. and that we should make an unreserved consecration of what we have. This is obviously the rule of equity. The poor widow was not able to give as much as the rich man. and with all thy soul. and may be equally acceptable to God. and to be measured by that. and cannot pertain to the ever-blessed God. 1971. and this is everywhere demanded.voluntary and sincere. (2) secondly. 1972. He demands no more than our powers are suited to produce. for it would be accompanied with her prayers. God may be as well pleased with the sighings of penitence as the praises of angels." Mark 12:30. 1975. our love to him is to be in proportion to our ability. 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor) Christian . "And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart. and this is all that is anywhere demanded in the Bible. The service which we can render to God may not be equal to that which the angels render. 1963. it is accepted of him. None but a tyrant ever demands more than can be rendered. according to the ability. but it may be equally appropriate to our condition and our powers. if there is any service rendered to God. (3) thirdly. All rights reserved. NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 8:12 For if the readiness is there it (2 Cor. 1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Copyright 1995 by God's Word to the Nations. International Standard Version Copyright © 19962008 by the ISV Foundation. he demands only what we have power to render. faith. It may not be as much or as valuable as may be rendered by beings of higher powers. and is acceptable to him. For Permission to Quote Information visit http://www. He requires a service strictly according to our ability.org. 1973. but her offering was equally acceptable. 1968. La Habra. All rights reserved. but it is all that God demands. 1962. and of obedience in any form.

what he owes to any man. than all the rich men cast into the treasury. consists in regarding πρό in πρόκειται as indicating priority in time. and shall have its reward. and is given cheerfully and freely. be first. not taking that which belongs to his own family. and not taking that which belongs to others. generous spirit.V. Bible Study Resources.. The present sent by the Philippians to the Apostle Paul. The widow's mite was as acceptable. the quantity matters not. and which perhaps was not very large. whether it be more or less: it is accepted. well pleasing to God". .. Philippians 4:18.loud hallelujahs of unfallen beings in heaven. and more so. If what is done springs from a truly noble. and according to a man's ability. in the name of a prophet. viz. a sacrifice acceptable. Dictionary. a cup of cold water given to a prophet.. both of God and man: according to that a man hath. is taken notice of by God.According to his real property. a spirit of bountifulness and liberality. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible For if there be first a willing mind. was "an odour of a sweet smell. 2 Corinthians 8:12 French Bible 2 Corinthians 8:12 German Bible 2 Corinthians 8:12 Danish Bible 2 Corinthians 8:12 Swedish Bible 2 Corinthians 8:12 Norwegian Bible 2 Corinthians 8:12 Multilingual Bible Online Bible Vincent's Word Studies If there be first a willing mind (ει ̓ ἡ προθυμία προκειται) The error of the A. Clarke's Commentary on the Bible Concordance and Search Tools 2 Corinthians 8:12 Bible Software 2 Corinthians 8:12 Biblia Paralela 2 Corinthians 8:12 Chinese Bible According to that a man hath . and not according to that he hath not. and is indispensably necessary for their support..

Every believer. (6) Against those who excused themselves because they are not rich. Hebrews 12:2. or "the example which is set forth. The willing mind is essential to the acceptance of the gift. in consequence of this acknowledgment. may in every circumstance of life apply this indulgent declaration to himself. if the readiness is there. correctly. People's New Testament 8:12 For if there is first a willing mind. it is accepted according to that a man hath. Hebrews 12:1. or the joy which is set before us. Is accepted . as though it were only the duty of rich men to help the poor. guilty sinner.. Hence Rev. then God accepts the gift and measures it according to a man's means. and." Hebrews 6:18. Scofield Reference Notes . as "the hope. flies for refuge to the wounds of a crucified Saviour. The willing mind had been shown in the readiness to will." Jde 1:7.And the same rule holds universally. If there be this pre-requisite. Wesley's Notes 8:12 A man .With God. Whoever acknowledges himself to be a vile. and relies on his merits alone for salvation. and not according to that he hath not. Geneva Study Bible {6} For if there be first a willing mind. According to what he hath . before one.whereas it signifies position. or the race.

He judges not according to what a man has the opportunity to do. and signify nothing without good deeds. to will. "He is accepted according to whatsoever he have". and no more. Providence gives to some more of the good . See Scofield Note: "2Cor 8:1". pleasant to behold.Margin willing See 2Cor 8:10-12. and the widow's mite. 4). the willing mind. 1Ki 8:18. are enough to save. is personified [Alford]. but they are lost." according to that a man hath-The oldest manuscripts omit "a man. but we lose the benefit. Good beginnings are well. "the readiness. referring to 2Co 8:11. a willing mind-rather. and give hopes of good fruit. but according to what he would do if he had the opportunity (compare Mr 14:8. and the mere profession of a willing mind." Translate. God will not reject them for what it is not in their power to do. as Greek. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary 12. unless there is perseverance. God accepts the will for the deed. But this scripture will not justify those who think good meanings are enough. When men purpose that which is good. and endeavour. as Bengel. according to their ability." Compare as to David. to perform also. Or better. Lu 21:3. or that good purposes. The Lord loveth a cheerful giver. or "readiness" to will. accepted-Greek "favorably accepted. so 2Co 9:7. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:10-15 Good purposes are like buds and blossoms. For-Following up the rule "out of that which ye have" (2Co 8:11). "According to whatsoever it have"." namely.

Those who have most of this world. for God loves a cheerful giver. or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. International Standard Version (©2008) Each of you must give what you have decided in your heart. not with regret or under compulsion. for God loves a cheerful giver. seldom are quite without them.things of this world.) Every man according as he purposeth in his heart. All should think themselves concerned to relieve those in want. not reluctantly or under compulsion. New Living Translation (©2007) You must each decide in your heart how much to give." English Standard Version (©2001) Each one must give as he has decided in his heart. since God loves a cheerful giver. And don't give reluctantly or in response to pressure. not such a levelling as would destroy property. that by our mutual supplying one another. "For God loves a person who gives cheerfully. not reluctantly or under compulsion. This is shown from the gathering and giving out the manna in the wilderness. New International Version (©1984) Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give. have no more than food and raiment. King James Bible (Cambridge Ed. for God loves a cheerful giver. New American Standard Bible (©1995) Each one must do just as he has purposed in his heart. so let him give. It is the will of God. and those who have but little of this world. not grudgingly or under compulsion. and to some less. for in such a case there could be no exercise of charity. not grudgingly. Ex 16:18. . there should be some sort of equality. that those who have abundance might supply others who are in want.

not grudgingly. not grudgingly. American Standard Version Let each man do according as he hath purposed in his heart: not grudgingly. not grievingly. so let him give. for God loves the joyful giver. so let him give. since God loves a cheerful giver.Aramaic Bible in Plain English (©2010) Every man according to what he is in his mind and not according to grief or of compulsion. or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. or by constraint: for God loveth a cheerful giver. or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver. or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver. or of necessity. not grudgingly." World English Bible . You shouldn't be sorry that you gave or feel forced to give. "It is a cheerful giver that God loves. King James 2000 Bible (©2003) Every man according as he purposes in his heart. English Revised Version Let each man do according as he hath purposed in his heart. GOD'S WORD® Translation (©1995) Each of you should give whatever you have decided. Weymouth New Testament Let each contribute what he has decided upon in his own mind. not grudgingly. so let him give. or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. American King James Version Every man according as he purposes in his heart. Douay-Rheims Bible Every one as he hath determined in his heart. and not do it reluctantly or under compulsion. for God loves a cheerful giver. not with sadness. Darby Bible Translation each according as he is purposed in his heart. Webster's Bible Translation Every man according as he purposeth in his heart.

but a narrow heart and a parsimonious spirit prevents it. (2) we should follow the dictates of the heart in giving. It should be from the heart. It should not seem to be extorted by the importunity of others 2 Corinthians 9:6. but it should be given as an offering of the heart. the pleadings of avarice will como in. Yet there is much. . and then to throw open the soul to every proper appeal to our charity. If liberality is evinced. and in general it is the safest and best rule for a man to give just what his heart prompts him to give when an object of charity is presented. The instinctive prompting of a benevolent heart is to give liberally. And the amount which should be given will usually be suggested to a man by the better feelings of his heart. or some other improper attachment. if it is not evinced.The main idea in this verse is. and if he suffers the heart to grow cold. or some object of attachment or plan of life will rise to view.. for God loves a cheerful giver. I know of no better rule on the subject. Man at best is too selfish to be likely to give too much or to go beyond his means. . than he will if he takes much time to deliberate..Let each man give according as he has determined in his heart. or under compulsion. On this part of the verse we may remark: (1) That the heart is usually more concerned in the business of giving than the head. and is under the influence of avarice. not out of sorrow or out of necessity. according as he doth purpose in heart. than to cultivate as much as possible the benevolent feelings. nor should it be given from urgent necessity. and he will give much less than he would have done if he had followed the first impulse of feeling. Very often a man is convinced he ought to give liberally. and if he defers it. that the act of giving should be voluntary and cheerful. not grudgingly. and to give just according to the instinctive prompting of the heart. (3) giving should be voluntary and cheerful. it will be because the heart has some bad passions to gratify. and if in a few instances it should be done. more would be gained in value in the cultivation of benevolent feeling than would be lost in money. Young's Literal Translation each one. and he who acts most in accordance with them is most likely to do what he ought to do. But if he resolves to deliberate much. it will be the heart which prompts to it. or selfishness. or he will begin to compare himself with others. for a cheerful giver doth God love. I mean that a man will usually give more correctly who follows the first promptings of his heart when an object of charity is presented. Barnes' Notes on the Bible Every man according as he purposeth in his heart . God implanted the benevolent feelings in the bosom that they should prompt us to do good.

that cannot be depended on. Not as if he were constrained to do a thing that was extremely painful to him. and must give or he would lose his character and become an object of scorn and detestation. and that will not endure. and the man would be ashamed to give less than they do. Not grudgingly . what the law required. is it more important than to examine the motives by which we give to the objects of benevolence. yet God may see that there is no sincerity. Let him do it cheerfully. and dedicate thy tithes with gladness.Wisdom of the Son of Sirach 35:9-11. "Or of necessity. In an uninspired writer. and will soon find excuses for not giving at all. God loves it because it shows a heart like his own . others would give cheerfully." As if he were compelled to do it. he gives from respect to a pastor or a friend. However liberal may be our benefactions.e. for the love of God. To escape perdition some would grudgingly give what necessity obliged them. Clarke's Commentary on the Bible Not grudgingly.And who does not? Valuable as any gift may be in itself. and may hate the spirit with which it is done. and through pity to the poor. it is given because he thinks his rank in life demands it. and there can be nothing in it acceptable to God. therefore. the one was ‫ של תובה‬of what was necessary. "Not of grief" (μὴ ε ̓κ λύπης mē ek lupēs). i. yet if it is forced and constrained. and expressions similar to this occur often in the Scriptures.a heart disposed to give cheerfully and do good on the largest scale possible. For the Lord recompenseth. much benevolence that is spasmodic and spurious. Or. and he is prompted to do it by pride and vanity.The Jews had in the temple two chests for alms. No service that is not cheerful and voluntary.Greek. none that does not arise from true love to him can be acceptable in his sight. and there is. Or. But there is much obtained in the cause of benevolence that is produced by a kind of extortion It is given because others give. Of the .very much that is not so. if it can be procured only after great importunity and persevering effort. Give unto the Most High according as he hath enriched thee: and as thou hast gotten give with a cheerful eye. or of necessity . No dependence can be placed on a man in regard to giving who does not do it from the steady influences of a benevolent heart. Not as if be were sorry to part with his money. and because it shows a heart attached from principle to his service and cause. Nor can it be depended on permanently. or because he is warmly importuned to give. The expression here has all the appearance of a proverb. In nothing. the other was ‫ של נרבה‬of the free-will offerings. and the man will evade the duty as soon as he can. or because he is shut up to a kind of necessity to give. this idea has been beautifully expanded. who can esteem it as desirable? God desires the heart in every service. therefore. The heart is not in it. also. and will give thee seven times as much" . For God loveth a cheerful giver . "In all thy gifts show a cheerful countenance. In all this there is nothing cheerful and voluntary.

To these two sorts of alms in the temple the apostle most evidently alludes. "he that doth the commandment. by coaction. God loves them. or on the objects moved for. he lets them know how kindly he takes such acts of theirs. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Every man according as he purposeth in his heart. as the Jews (h) say. but according to his own counsel and determination: not grudgingly. In the Septuagint in Proverbs 22:8 are these words. with pain and uneasiness of mind. nothing is said. but of the quality or nature of giving.e. Of the second. or one that gives . "with a cheerful heart".. example. or not of grief.. grieving at parting with what is given. or of necessity. and a giver". they simply did what the law required. or as elsewhere (i). by prospering and succeeding them in their worldly affairs. reflecting on the persons that move him to it. "God blesses a cheerful man.. or through the powerful motives.'' Who looks pleasantly on the person or persons that move him to it. or done by him. or commands of superiors. such givers God loves: not that their cheerful beneficence is the cause of his special peculiar love to them in his own heart. of his own will and free choice. even the performance of the letter of the law is an abomination in the sight of God. See Schoettgen. for without these. but the meaning is. not as directed and forced by others. alms. "with a cheerful heart": their rule is this. The benefit of almsgiving is lost to the giver when he does it with a grumbling heart. or any set sum he has fixed upon in his mind to give. as he does not do the duty in the spirit of the duty. "when a man gives to anyone" "with grief". or on the object to whom he gives. who parts with his money willingly. to which the apostle seems to refer: who adds. and takes delight in doing good to others. . And. The Jews (g) reckon this the lowest degree of all in giving alms. much is said. according to their abilities. Which is not to be understood of the quantity. from his very heart. shows his love to them. of force. should give of themselves freely and liberally: for God loveth a cheerful giver. "with a cheerful countenance". let him do it .. that God does well to such persons. which arises from nothing in man. i. or prevailing entreaties of others. being obliged to it by the influence.first. which the apostle refers to. men. or of the manner in which he is to give: so let him give.

. (c) Determines and appoints freely with himself. 13.(g) Maimon. Cheerful (ἱλαρὸν) Only here in the New Testament. 1. (e) Against his will. 10. so let him give. 14. God blesseth a man who is cheerful and a giver. he is not approved. not wanting to have evil spoken of him. Geneva Study Bible Every man according as he {c} purposeth in his heart. People's New Testament 9:7 Not grudgingly. (d) With a sparing and grudging heart. or to secure popular applause. c. God loveth. Vincent's Word Studies Purposeth (προαιρείται) Read προῄρηται. Grudgingly (ἐκ λύπης) Lit. or of necessity. See on the kindred ι ̔λαρότης cheerfulness. 10. 34. (h) Maimon. a kind man shall be blessed. Sept. hath purposed. out of sorrow. (i) Vajikra Rabba. Parash.. etc. Mattanot Anayim. not {d} grudgingly. fol. . c. or grudgingly. perfect tense. 174. From Proverbs 22:9. sect. Where one gives by compulsion. sect. note on Romans 12:8. where the Hebrew is. or of {e} necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. Mattanot Anayim.

" as "grudgingly" is opposed to "a cheerful giver" (Pr 22:9. and to the praise and glory of God. Blessed be God for the unspeakable gift of his grace. and this should be as seed to be sown. we should waste less on ourselves. but cheerfully. Due thought. He can make us to have enough in all things. and to abound in us. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 9:6-15 Money bestowed in charity. and to be content with what we have. others withhold more than is meet.For God loveth a cheerful giver. Opposed to "of necessity. by works of charity. While some scatter. should be done with thought and design. and it tends to poverty. It should be given carefully. and . Works of charity. Help should be given freely. The giving must be cheerful. and sow more in hope of a plentiful increase. Scofield Reference Notes Margin cheerful Gr. and those we are about to relieve. it is seed sown. be it more or less. as to our circumstances. God gives not only enough for ourselves. but when given from proper principles. If we had more faith and love. This will be for the credit of our profession. may to the carnal mind seem thrown away. hilarious. and deeming it more blessed to give than to receive. Can a man lose by doing that with which God is pleased? He is able to make all grace abound towards us. Wesley's Notes 9:7 Of necessity . from which a valuable increase may be expected. according as he purposeth in his heart-Let the full consent of the free will go with the gift [Alford]. 11:25. and yet increase. will direct our gifts for charitable uses. We must show the reality of our subjection to the gospel.Because he cannot tell how to refuse. to give a large increase of spiritual and of temporal good things. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary 7. but that also wherewith we may supply the wants of others. It is the cheerful giver whom the Lord loves. Let us endeavour to copy the example of Christ. like other good works. Isa 32:8). not grudgingly. whereby he enables and inclines some of his people to bestow upon others. being unwearied in doing good.

that inestimable gift of his love. pertaining to life and godliness. if it is contributing to . he who refreshes others will himself be refreshed. then because of this the LORD your God will bless you in all your work and in everything you put your hand to. beyond all expression. You are to receive the offering for me from each man whose heart prompts him to give. for Jesus Christ. Exodus 25:2 "Tell the Israelites to bring me an offering. All these things have I given willingly and with honest intent. And now I have seen with joy how willingly your people who are here have given to you. through whom this and every other good thing. Proverbs 11:25 A generous man will prosper. are freely given unto us. measure. 1 Chronicles 29:17 I know. David the king also rejoiced greatly. or bounds. my God. let him encourage. Deuteronomy 15:10 Give generously to him and do so without a grudging heart. and blessed be his glorious name to all eternity. Romans 12:8 if it is encouraging. 1 Chronicles 29:9 rejoiced at the willing response of their leaders. that you test the heart and are pleased with integrity. for they had given freely and wholeheartedly to the LORD.others to be grateful for it.

not according to what he does not have. the gift is acceptable according to what one has. so that any favor you do will be spontaneous and not forced.the needs of others. New International Version ©1984 by Cheerful Compulsion Constraint Contribute Decided Determined Force Giver Giving Grief Grievingly Grudgingly Heart Love Loves Loveth Mind Necessity Pleasure Purpose Purposed Purposeth Ready Reluctantly Sorrow Takes Cheerful Compulsion Constraint Contribute Decided Determined Force . 2 Corinthians 8:12 willingness is there. let him govern diligently. let him do it cheerfully. let him give generously. if it is showing mercy. Philemon 1:14 But I did not want to do anything without your consent. if it is leadership.

not grudgingly. 8:12 Ex 25:2 35:5 1Ch 29:17 Pr 11:25 22:9 Ac 20:35 Ro 12: .8 Jas 5:9 1Pe 4:9 God.Giver Grief Heart Loves Mind Necessity Pleasure Purpose Purposeth Ready Reluctantly Cheerful Compulsion Constraint Contribute Decided Determined Force Giver Grief Heart Loves Mind Necessity Pleasure Purpose Purposeth Ready Reluctantly Every man according as he purposeth in his heart. not. so let him give. De 15:7-11.14 Pr 23:6-8 Isa 32:5. or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.