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Steady State Simulation of Crude Oil Processing

Engr. Syed Zaheer Abbas

engr_zaheer@uet.edu.pk

Chemical Engineering Department University of Engineering & Technology Lahore

Process Description

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The Crude Oil Column

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Setting Session Preferences

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Selecting Components

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Defining a Fluid Package

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Creating Hypo components


For creating Hypo components you have to characterize oil (Petroleum Fluid) by using the given Assay. For our case the Laboratory Assay Data is as,

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Characterizing the Oil

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Accessing the Oil Environment

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Defining the Assay

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For TBP Data

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Light Ends

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Entering Bulk Property Data

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Entering TBP & Molecular Weight Data

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Entering Density & Viscosity Data

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Cutting the Assay

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HYSYS calculated the Blend based on the following default values for the boiling point ranges and number of cuts per range: IBP to 800 F: 25 F per cut, generating [(800IBP)/25] hypo components 800 to 1200 F: 50 F per cut, generating 8 hypo components 1200 to 1400 F: 100 F per cut, generating 2 hypo components
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Calculated Properties

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User Defined Range

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Installing the Oil

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Entering the Simulation Environment

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Specifying the Feed Conditions

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Installing the Utility Steam Streams

Bottom Steam
Temperature (F) 375

Diesel Steam
300

AGO Steam

300

Pressure (psia)

150

50

50

Mass Flow (lb/hr)

7500

3000

Mass flow of Water (2500 lb/hr)

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Installing Unit Operations


Separator Furnace Mixer Column Strippers Pumps

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Installing Separator

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Installing the Crude Furnace

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Installing the Mixer

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Resizing the Icons in PFD

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Adding an Energy Stream


Add an Energy Stream, in the Stream Name field , change the name to Trim Duty.

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Installing the Column

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Entering the Initial Estimate Values Pressure Profile Page

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Entering inlet , outlet Streams and Number of Trays

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Temperature Profile Page

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Estimated Vapor Rate & Reflux Ratio

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After Clicking Done

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Adding Specification Values


On the Design tab, select the Monitor Page Select the Spec Page. Delete Reflux Rate & Btms Prod Rate. Add WasteH2O Rate Specification. Select Column Draw Rate.

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Installing the Side Strippers

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Kerosene Stripper

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Diesel & AGO Stripper

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Side Strippers Summary

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Installing the Pump Around

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Summary.

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Specification Table (Design--Monitor Page)

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Adding Column Specification


Adding Over flash Specification Select Column Liquid Flow as the Column Specification. Over flash rate is 3-5% of total feed to the column.

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Adding the Utility Specification Select Column Duty as Column Specification

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Final Changes to Specification


Design Monitor Specification

Distillate Rate Specification : 2e4 (bbl/day)

Activate
Over flash, Kero Reb Duty, Vapor Prod Rate

Deactivate
Reflux Ratio, WasteH2O Rate, KeroSS BoilUp Ratio

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Running the Column

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Column Profile

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