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Lancashire Area Responsible Authority

Managing Dangerous Violent and Sexual Offenders In Lancashire


Annual Report 2002-3
Contacts
Lancashire Probation area Address Phone

Colin Dearden, Deputy Chief Officer 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201 209
colin.dearden@lancashire.probation.gsx.gov.uk PRESTON
PR1 1LD

Anne Matthews, Communications Officer 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201 209


anne.matthews.@lancashire.probation.gsx.uk PRESTON
PR1 1LD

Lancashire Constabulary

Superintendent Gary Stephenson Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412416


Gary.stephenson@lancashire.pnn.police.uk Hutton
PRESTON
PR4 SB

Peter Lovett-Horn Senior Press Officer Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412658


peter.lovett-horn@lancashire.pnn.police.uk Hutton
PRESTON
PR4 SB
Managing dangerous violent and sexual offenders

Contents

1 Foreword

2 The National Picture

3 Area Summary

4 Roles and Responsibilities

5 The Operation of MAPPA

6 The Strategic Operation of MAPPA

7 Work with Victims

8 Statistical Information
1 Foreword
By Paul Goggins, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Community and
Custodial provision in the Home Office

As the recently appointed Minister with responsibility for the MAPPA, I am


pleased to introduce this, the second, annual MAPPA report. It is clear that in
the last year (2002/3) the multi-agency public protection arrangements (the
MAPPA) continued to play an important role in what remains one of this
government’s highest priorities – the protection of the public from dangerous
offenders.

As someone with many years experience of working in the field of child


protection, I am particularly impressed by the important contribution the
MAPPA are making to strengthen collaboration between agencies at a local
level where the focus is on the dangerous offender. These improvements
must, however, impact on the protection of children. As the tragic death of
Victoria Climbie showed, an effective multi-agency partnership is crucial and
the MAPPA are an important element.

To ensure greater consistency in the MAPPA across the 42 Areas of England


and Wales, and to prepare for the implementation of measures contained in
the Criminal Justice Bill, we published the MAPPA Guidance in April. Building
on good practice, that Guidance clarified the structure of the operational
arrangements as well as the importance of formal review and monitoring – of
which this annual report is a vital part. The Criminal Justice Bill will strengthen
the MAPPA in two ways. First, it will make the involvement of other agencies
part of the statutory framework. Second, it will introduce the involvement of
lay people – those unconnected with day-to-day operation of the MAPPA – in
reviewing and monitoring the MAPPA. Annual reports and this new lay
involvement show the Government’s commitment to explaining how the often
sensitive and complex work of public protection is undertaken.

The Government is also strengthening the protection of the public with other
measures in the Criminal Justice Bill. They include new sentences for
dangerous offenders to prevent their release if they continue to be dangerous.
Additionally, the Sexual Offences Bill will tighten up sex offender registration,
introduce a new offence of ‘grooming’, and enable sex offender orders to be
imposed on violent offenders who pose a risk of causing serious sexual harm
– thereby extending sex offender registration to them.

I commend this report to you and congratulate all the agencies and individuals
who have contributed to the achievement of the MAPPA locally in your local
Area.

Paul Goggins
2 The National Picture
This section of the report draws attention to wider context of the operation
and development of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (the
MAPPA).

The most important work undertaken within the MAPPA is done locally, led by
the police and probation – who act jointly as the ‘Responsible Authority’ in
your Area – and in each of the 42 Areas of England and Wales. The
experience and good practice upon which this work is based began in the
1990s – most significantly as a result of the closer working relationship
required by the Sex Offender Act (1997). The Criminal Justice and Courts
Services Act (2000) formalised that relationship and built on the existing
experience by requiring the police and probation services to establish
arrangements (the MAPPA) for assessing and managing the risks posed by
sexual and violent offenders. The Act also required the Responsible Authority
to publish an annual report on the operation of those arrangements. This
report, covering April 2002 to March 2003, is the second annual report.

The importance of partnership

Key to the development of the MAPPA in the past year has been the closer
involvement of other agencies, such as housing, health and social services,
working alongside police and probation. The truly multi-agency nature of the
MAPPA and the collaboration which underpins it is to be strengthened further
by the Criminal Justice Bill. The Bill will place a ‘duty to co-operate’ on a wide
range of organisations including local health authorities and trusts; housing
authorities and registered social landlords; social services departments;
Jobcentres; Youth Offending Teams; and local education authorities. In
addition, the Prison Service will join the police and probation services and
become part of the MAPPA ‘Responsible Authority’.

Supporting and co-ordinating the development of the MAPPA throughout the


42 Areas of England and Wales, is the National Probation Directorate’s Public
Protection Unit (PPU). This Unit acts as a central point for advice and,
increasingly, involvement in the management of difficult cases. These include,
for example, UK citizens who have committed serious offences abroad and
return to this country without anywhere to live. The Unit is also able to provide
financial support when the risk management plans make exceptional demands
upon local resources.

Involving the public

MAPPA developments in the next 18 months will also include the appointment
by the Home Secretary of two ‘lay advisers’ to each Area. The eight Areas of
England and Wales which have been piloting these arrangements since
January (Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Durham, South Wales, Dorset,
Hampshire, Surrey and West Midlands) report that they add real value. Lay
advisers will contribute to the review and monitoring of the MAPPA which is
undertaken by each Area’s Strategic Management Board – the work of which
you can read more in this report.

The purpose of appointing ‘lay advisers’ is to ensure that communities


understand more of what is done to protect them and that those involved
professionally with the MAPPA are aware of the views of the community. The
lay advisers will not ‘represent’ the community in the way, for example, that
local councillors do, nor will they be involved in operational decision-making.
And, given the sensitivity of much of what the MAPPA does, especially with
the few offenders who pose a very high risk of serious harm to the public, it is
not practicable for the general public to be involved. Lay advisers will, however,
ensure an appropriate and a practical level of community involvement.

MAPPA Offenders

This year the annual report provides a more detailed breakdown of the
number of sexual and violent offenders who are covered by the MAPPA in
your Area. As last year, the figures include the number of registered sex
offenders. Because sex offender registration is for a minimum of 5 years (and
generally for much longer) the figures are cumulative. This is why they have
increased – by 16 per cent in England and Wales. Only a very small
proportion (about six per cent throughout England and Wales) are considered
to pose such a high risk or management difficulty that they are referred to the
highest level of the MAPPA – the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (the
MAPPP).

Figures alone do not, of course, tell the whole story. The anonymised case
studies illustrate the practical work of the MAPPA, and demonstrate the
preventive action which can be taken. Prior to the MAPPA, action of this kind
was mainly taken by one agency alone, with the effect that on occasion
offenders’ behaviour which might have triggered preventative action went
unnoticed. The multi-agency approach of the MAPPA helps ensure that if an
offender does breach the condition of the licence under which they were
released from prison or a court order prohibiting certain activities, then action
to enforce the condition or order and protect the public can be taken more
swiftly.

If you are interested in reading the reports of other Areas, they will be
published on the National Probation Service’s website
www.probation.homeoffice.gov.uk (under the public protection section) with all
of them being available once the last Area has published its annual report in
September.
3 Area Summary
The Lancashire Constabulary and In 2001, these arrangements which have been developed and
National Probation Service became statutory in response to the tested over some years (Offender
Lancashire, are the “Responsible Criminal Justice and Court Services Assessment System and Thornton
Authority” for Multi Agency Public Act 2000. Multi-Agency Public Risk Matrix 2000). Following good
Protection Arrangements in Protection Panels were established. assessment, Courts are advised on
Lancashire. This report is the joint A protocol for the assessment and sentencing, and the Parole Board is
report of both Police and Probation. management of sexual and advised on release plans. Sex
The arrangements cover all potentially dangerous offenders was Offenders are required to register on
offenders who reside in Lancashire, agreed between the Police and the Sex Offender Register. Those
or who will be released at the end of Probation and publicly launched. released from prison are required to
their sentence to Lancashire and Statements of commitment to the spend a period on licence. Good
who have been sentenced to 12 protocol have been signed by a supervision of people on licence or
months or more imprisonment for a range of other agencies. The on the sex offender register is based
violent or sexual offence, or any MAPPP Strategic management on enforcing a range of conditions
other offender considered to be a Board was established in Jan 2002, which can be put into licences as
potential danger to the public. to involve a range of agencies in the well as building on work begun in the
strategic management of the prisons to stop reoffending.
In Lancashire, joint arrangements arrangements. Where required controls can be
between Police and Probation reinforced with electronic tagging.
commenced in response to a 1996 Public Protection is the primary aim Joint work among a number of
inspection on the management of of the arrangements. Sexual and agencies is essential to impose a
dangerous offenders. By the time of violent offenders create anxiety range of effective controls combined
the 1997 Sex Offender Act, among the public and cause with effective support, such as
arrangements were well developed considerable harm and trauma to housing, social services, police, and
for the joint assessment of sex their victims. However sexual and Probation.
offenders required to register, and for violent offences cover a wide range
the assessment and management of of activity and offence seriousness. Within a framework of these strict
violent offenders. A formal protocol Offenders can be of all ages, and controls, the Probation Service,
for joint High Risk Strategy social groups, and may be women Prison service, and other agencies,
meetings was agreed, and shortly as well as men. Many are previously provide comprehensive programmes,
afterwards a joint media protocol. known to their victims. The majority which constructively work with the
Involvement of other agencies, will serve a determinate sentence, offender to increase their
where appropriate, in these strategy and be released on licence into the understanding of their own
meetings led to increased community, where they must lead behaviour, develop internal controls
confidence in sharing relevant law abiding lives. Therefore public and reduce risk: these include sex
information. protection work also takes account of offender programmes and follow up
human rights legislation and rights to relapse prevention courses,
A senior probation officer was privacy, provided that they aren’t domestic violence programmes, and
appointed in 2000 to manage risk compromising the rights of others to offending behaviour programmes.
registration and information sharing a safe life and environment During the year there has been
with the police. The SPO is located significant development of the
for part of the week at Police The key to a robust management of accreditation of these programmes,
headquarters and has access to the the risk posed by these offenders is which include monitoring and
sex offender register held by the good risk assessment. improving their effectiveness.
police, and the Probation Service Both Police and Probation use
risk database. structured assessment techniques
4 Summary of Roles and Responsibilities
The Police and Probation Service in potentially dangerous offenders is as by individuals through the Multi
Lancashire have statutory follows: Agency Public Protection Panel
responsibility for the arrangements process.
for managing potentially dangerous Police and Probation - assessment
offenders. A protocol was signed at and management of the risk posed Her Majesty’s Prison Service.
a public launch, on August 31st by offenders, using statutory powers Contributes to the protection of the
2001, attended by a broad range of where appropriate to return public, by keeping in custody those
relevant agencies, who were asked offenders to prison or bring them offenders committed by the courts
to sign a statement of commitment, before a court. and working to reduce the risk they
and to identify their specific pose. It does this through a range of
contribution to Multi Agency Public NSPCC : Protection of children. interventions aimed at addressing
Protection arrangements. NSPCC in Lancashire work in offending behaviour including sex
partnership with the Probation offender treatment
The following agencies have signed: Service to assess risk posed to programmes,cognitive skills
• Youth Offending Teams children by sex offenders in the programmes and substance misuse
• NHS Trusts and Primary Care community. The NSPCC works with work, as well as a wide array of
Trusts the Social Services to assess risk resettlement activities related to
• Lancashire County Council Social and contribute to protective accommodation, employment and
Services Directorate, and measures where there may be a risk education. The Prison Service
Education Directorate to children in specific families. contributes to the case management
• Blackpool Unitary Authority – of dangerous offenders, by
Housing and Social Services Health Services: Treatment of identifying and addressing concerns
Department mentally disordered and learning during custody (and prior to release),
• Blackburn with Darwen Unitary disabled offenders, to reduce the risk and contributing to the setting of
Authority, Social Services dept of offending – using statutory licence conditions post release.
• Employment Service powers where appropriate to place
district office mentally ill offenders in secure Social Services Directorates. Social
• NHS NW Secure Commissioning accommodation. Health Services Services have a primary
Team also provide drugs assessment and responsibility for the protection of
• Lancashire Police treatment. Health Services work to children. Their role is assessment of
• National Probation Service – strict guidelines on patient children who might be in need of
Lancashire confidentiality and the protocols on care and support, and provision of
• Borough Councils – Housing information sharing appropriate care and safety.
Departments (All district councils
and unitary authorities have Housing Departments: Duties Youth Offending Teams: are multi
signed a protocol with the include provision of accommodation agency teams of Police, Probation,
Probation Service for the for vulnerable and homeless people. Social Services, Education and
accommodation of potentially In Lancashire protocols have been Health staff who work as an
dangerous offenders) signed with probation for integrated team to prevent juvenile
• Prisons accommodation to be provided in crime and reoffending by young
• NSPCC locations appropriate for the risk offenders (under 18). Locally, Youth
• Victim Support Lancashire assessed by the Probation Service. Offending Teams have recently
finalised a strategy for work with high
All the agencies have a primary Employment Service: Employers risk young offenders.
concern for public and child have a duty to check Criminal
protection. Records for applications to certain Local Authority Education Dept.
posts. Employment Service can Advice to schools about child
In exercising this duty, the role of advise on this. The Probation protection, and education of children
local agencies in relation to joint Service in Lancashire will notify the in safety procedures
management of sex offenders and Employment Service of risks posed
Victim Support. To provide emotional Offenders oversee arrangements for safety and programmes with parents
support,help and information to any assessment and management of and schools. The MAPPA Strategic
victim of crime who requests the mentally disordered offenders, and Management Board has very close
service. To offer a victims’ multi agency Area Child Protection links with the 3 Area Child Protection
perspective to the work of MAPPA Committees, for child protection in Committees in Lancashire, and there
Lancashire. Area Child Protection is considerable joint membership.
In addition multi agency steering Committees have been active in
groups for Mentally Disordered promoting public education and child

5 The Operation of MAPPA

The Probation Service routinely If the criteria for a Panel do not voluntary controls on behaviour,
assesses the risk posed by any appear to be met, further information attendance at offending behaviour
offender for whom it has a statutory will be sought, and advice given programmes (e.g. Sex Offender
duty, using structured assessment. about other avenues for information Programme, Domestic Violence
All offenders who receive 12 months sharing or to obtain a desired Programme), drugs treatment,
or more imprisonment, are released outcome. mental health treatment and
on a licence supervised by the appropriate accommodation. The
Probation Service. Following a risk If criteria are met the Probation Multi Agency Public Protection Panel
assessment, the prison may be asked Service arrange a meeting with the will consider any resource
to include a number of conditions in Police as quickly as possible. Initial implications, disclosure issues and
the licence. Any breach of any meetings are scheduled regularly media strategy arising from the
condition will result in the Probation and are chaired by Assistant Chief action plan. The protocol contains a
Service alerting the sentence Officers (Probation). Review confidentiality statement which is
enforcement unit, who may issue a meetings are chaired by the Senior read out at the beginning of each
warrant for the police to arrest the Probation Officer (risk). Police meeting.
offender, and return him to prison. attend all meetings and other In most cases offenders are subject
agencies who have a current or to prison licence or a court order,
The police routinely assess the risk potential interest in a case attend as and if necessary additional
posed by any offender on the Sex appropriate. Minutes of the meetings conditions can be inserted into the
Offender Register also using are accessible electronically at both licence or order. Court orders and
structured assessment. Any Probation and Police HQ prison licences and their
identified risk is then managed jointly Multi Agency Public Protection requirements are rigorously enforced
with Probation (while a licence is in Panels consider all potential risk by the Probation Service and any
force) and then by the police information, including any previous breach of requirements results in a
However if either agency, or any history of violence or sexual probation report to the court or
other agency, assesses that the behaviour or threats, and factors Home Office, with the probability of
potential risks are too great for these likely to increase risk, such as immediate recall to prison (if on
normal arrangements, they can alcohol or drugs misuse. The Panel licence) or court sanction. If they
make a referral for a Multi Agency also considers the known triggers for are not on any order, then the Panel
Public Protection Panel. Members of violence, and who is most likely to may recommend that an order be
the public who have a concern be at risk. The current situation and sought from the court, such as a sex
should contact their local probation any previously agreed action is offender order. Although there have
office or police station. reviewed and an action plan agreed. been some breaches of licence
Normally the action plan will be condition resulting in a return to
The referral is considered jointly by multi-agency and include any prison, further offending while
police and probation, working appropriate intervention and subject to Multi Agency Public
together at police HQ restrictions, such as statutory or Protection Controls, has been
effectively prevented. approach is implemented to manage 4) After Release.
that offender in the community in line Licence conditions and further
Any case deemed to meet the with the assessed risks. treatment by Probation
criteria of dangerousness, by the Police monitoring if sex offender
Multi Agency Public Protection Panel The main emphasis of the work is Additional resources needed,or
is placed on a public protection aimed at protection of the public and high risk: MAPP Panel manages
register,which is held by Police and if any intelligence indicates that an case
Probation Service This case is then offender is a threat to the public then Any concerns re behaviour :
reviewed regularly, until it is a proactive response will be initiated, apply for recall or sex offender
determined that there is no imminent involving other agencies as order
risk, when the case is placed in an appropriate, in order to reduce or
archived list. eliminate the identified risk. Throughout: inform victims.
Any sex offender subject to a Sex It has been recognised that the Disclosure to others if necessary
Offender Order remains on the majority of offenders are compliant to protect public
Public Protection Register until the with the legislation and action plan
end of the order. for their management and a Disclosure
substantial amount of work Information about key dates during a
In addition to these controls, a undertaken by the High Risk dangerous offenders sentence is
management plan will usually Offender Officers is aimed at always disclosed to the victim of the
include working with the offender to preventing the person re-offending. offence, by the Probation Service
reduce the likelihood of reoffending: Victim Liaison Officer. The Victim is
in particular attendance at a sex Sex Offender Orders and Anti Social also consulted about release plans.
offender treatment programme (often Behaviour Orders, are regularly used Where public safety would be
in addition to one attended in prison) by officers as these are seen as increased by disclosing information
or an offending behaviour being effective in the prevention of about the offender to someone else
programme, which have been further offences. not attending the meeting, or not
accredited and demonstrated to be already involved in the case, the
effective. Managing Risk: The process Multi Agency Public Protection Panel
will recommend it. The Police have
Lancashire Constabulary is 1) Presentence Report the power to disclose to third parties,
committed to the active management Specialist assessment. Includes without the offenders consent, on
of dangerous offenders and this is information from victim the authority of the Assistant Chief
reflected by the appointment of High statements. Constable (or higher grade).
Risk Offender Officers who have a This is however a last resort, and the
dedicated role within each of the six 2) Sentence. offenders consent is sought and to
geographical divisions. Prison Sentence,up to Life. May date has been obtained.
There are also officers based at include restraining order or
police headquarters who take a extended supervision on release. Examples of disclosure in
higher level view of sex offenders Community sentence (for less Lancashire are to:
across the county and carry out serious offence) will include • Accommodation providers
work to identify serious sex conditions and programmes (Housing Departments, and
offenders who network with others Private Landlords)
and who travel across divisional, 3) During Prison: • Head Teachers
force or international borders. Accredited programmes, • Employers and Employment
Divisional High Risk Offender including Sex Offender agencies
Officers interview sex offenders programme. • Social Service Departments
when they report to a police station Re assess Risk. parole if • Partners of the Offender
to comply with their initial registration appropriate
requirements. This interview is MAPPP at least 3 months before
followed by a home visit when a release
comprehensive risk assessment is
undertaken and a multi-agency
Case Studies
1) Normal Agency Management. staff assisted him to find his own named threatened individuals,
accommodation, and housing and called a MAPPP, attended by
A is a professional man in his officials who were fully informed Social Services and Health.
forties, with no previous allocated a property approved by
convictions. He was convicted the police, where he would not A compromise was reached with
of 4 indecent assaults against have access to children, and B that she would remain at the
children who he had accessed social services informed of his mental health unit for a further
through his work. He was address. year, as a voluntary patient, but
sentenced to 4 years with a requirement in her licence
imprisonment and placed on the Although the licence has now that she would cooperate with
sex offender register. He was expired, he still receives visits psychiatric treatment. All the
assessed at the time of being from the police who monitor his people who had been previously
high risk of reconviction, as he adherence to sex offender involved with her, and who might
clearly had sexual preferences for registration requirements. be at risk were notified of her
under age girls. Although there are no particular position, and enabled to contact
concerns now about his likelihood police immediately if concerned.
While in prison he attended the of reoffending, he will continue to
Sex Offender Treatment be monitored by the police to Unfortunately after some months
Programme, which is run jointly ensure there is no relapse. B did absent herself from the
by prison officers,probation unit, and was immediately
officers and psychologists,at the 2) A MAPP Panel case. Joint arrested and returned to prison.
end of which the risk was work, including the offender. However considerable progress
assessed as being substantially Disclosure to potential victims had been made on counselling
reduced. Following detailed her for her sexual and drug
reports, and assessments he was B is a woman in her mid forties, abuse, and there is a high
released on parole in early 2002 . sentenced to 4 years probability of successful release
imprisonment for assault on her in the near future.
While he had been in prison, stepfather. Sexually abused as a
probation staff had contact with child, she had had years of 3) MAPPP Case. Joint work
the victims’ parents, and in mental health problems, combining control and
accordance with their requests exacerbated by illegal drug use. constructive supervision
ensured that licence conditions She made numerous death
included a prohibition on threats against herself, her C was nearing the end of a short
travelling to their area, or any parents, and social workers. She prison sentence. He was heard
form of communication with was transferred from prison to to by prison staff making explicit
them. He was required to reside a medium secure mental health threats against his girlfriend, and
at a Lancashire Hostel, where his unit. Because she remained very because he had a record of
behaviour and attitudes could be unstable, she did not get parole. violence, a MAPPP was
continually monitored, and where When her prison sentence came convened. It was decided that as
he was required to attend further to an end, she was due to come his sentence was too short for a
Sex Offender Treatment sessions. out of the medium secure unit on licence period, he should be
His licence also prohibited licence: it was felt unlikely that prosecuted. After some analysis
contact with any children, and if there would be grounds to detain with him of the circumstances, he
he had done so, then probation her compulsorily under the pleaded guilty at the Crown court,
staff would have informed the mental health act. However Police and was placed on a Community
Home Office, who would have and Probation felt they needed Rehabilitation Order, during which
returned him to prison. Near the additional professional help to requirements were imposed to
expiry of his licence, probation protect the public, in particular have no contact with her, and for
the first time in his life, intensive moved to a prison near to his return to visit his parents (on
work was done with him about his release address,and because of whom he depended to a
aggression and violence, and the concerns about going considerable extent) under
attitudes towards women. He was “underground” surveillance was supervision.
a man who was capable of and set up to monitor his movements
motivated towards changing his on release. Therefore as soon as Throughout the order there was
behaviour, and his potential for he went to another place instead constant joint work by probation
violence has now been of his release address, he was and police with NSPCC to
significantly reduced. again arrested and returned to provide a sex offender treatment
Nevertheless he will remain for 3 prison programme, with hostels and
years under supervision on the housing associations to provide
CRO, to ensure that he does not 5) A Successful Community supported accommodation with
relapse. Order gradually increasing
independence, with health
4) When controls are essential E (in his mid 20s) was placed service to provide treatment for
on a 3 year Community his condition, with psychologists
D is a man in his 50s with a Rehabilitation Order in 2000, for to assess his progress, and
record of sexual assaults on offences of indecent assault on a above all with his own parents
young females. During his licence 15 year old girl. The victim was a and the victims parents to ensure
from prison, he had breached his close neighbour and friend of the that supervision took full account
licence and had been recalled. At family. E was diagnosed as of victim and offender needs.
the point of his next release a suffering from mental illness Although there were a number of
MAPPP was called. He was including depression. difficult decisions because of the
assessed as still posing a offenders unsettled state of mind,
considerable risk to young A MAPPP was convened before the officer could always be in
females , but this time it was sentence to determine a multi touch with the situation and rely
feared that to avoid close agency action plan, and met on quick responses from other
supervision he might “disappear” regularly throughout the order to agencies. By the end of the order
as soon as he was released. A review progress of the order. The the offender had come to a good
condition was put in his licence victims parents were consulted understanding of his behaviour,
that he must reside at a certain throughout. The CRO contained with a very good prediction of
address, well away from the area conditions that he should reside future behaviour.
of his previous offending. He was in another area, and could only
6 Strategic Management Arrangements
A Strategic Management Board has • Consider training needs and child, residing in their area
been established. This group resource implications • Prison Service involvement
comprises representation at a senior • Consider communication issues integrated by appointment of
management level from: in relation to local communities regional risk coordinator sitting on
and media the Strategic management
• Police • Prepare and publish an annual Boards
• Probation report • Communications Strategy drafted
• Housing and Social Services • Induction/Briefing for SMB
Directorates The Board receives monitoring members, including attendance at
• YOTs information half yearly, which is also MAPP Panel meetings
• Prison shared with Area Child Protection
• Health Committees. Regional Strategic Arrangements.
• NSPCC The board although nationally new in
• Education its formation, has already made In the NW Region, police,probation
• Victim Support progress in the areas of sharing and prisons have modelled shared
information between agencies. The responsibility at a strategic level,
The objective of the group is to board has also been instrumental in regionally.
provide strategic management communicating to a much wider Senior managers from all three
oversight with a perspective from audience, the valued contribution agencies meet regularly to look at
each of the key agencies – not to MAPPPs make to public protection. the strategic implications and
provide geographical representation development arrangements to
from all the agencies who have It is likely that in the future the board ensure consistent implementation of
signed a statement of commitment will consist of a number of lay national policy and guidance across
to the protocol. This model will be members, representing the wider the region.
reviewed in 12 months. community. This work has culminated in an
annual seminar attended by SMB
What the Strategic management Key issues dealt with by the SMB members and representatives of
Board does: during the year: other agencies, to emphasise
responsibility for assessing and
• Monitor and review the • Information sharing protocol: managing risk presented by
effectiveness of the joint progress has been made in potentially dangerous offenders.
arrangements establishing a multi agency These seminars update delegates
• Develop and agree systems for information sharing protocol, in on national issues, and provide an
sharing information common with Area Child opportunity to share best practice at
• Establish and agree systems to Protection Committees a regional level.
ensure that only those few • An in principle agreement with
offenders who represent a ACPC for joint Training
serious risk of harm are referred • Arrangements with Social
to the multi agency protection Services Departments to notify
panel them of any offender against a
7 Work with Victims
Victim Support is a national charity The Probation Service in Lancashire sensitively and informed that if they
for people affected by crime. It is an contacts victims of serious violent or wish, they may be informed of key
independent organisation, offering a sexual crimes, in accordance with events during the offenders
free and confidential service, the requirements of section 69 of sentence. In addition victims may
whether or not a crime has been the Criminal Justice and Court make representations about release
reported. Trained staff and Services Act. Contact is made by conditions, such as where the
volunteers at local branches offer specialist victim liaison officers, offender will or will not live, and
information and support to victims, employed by the Probation Service, whom the offender should be
witnesses, their families and friends. but not responsible for the prohibited from contacting.
supervision of the offender. A
Victim Support provides the Witness victims administration co-ordinator Victims’ concerns are taken into
Service, based in every criminal receives information about all account by MAPP panels, when
court in England and Wales, to offer offenders who have been sentenced assessing and managing risk, either
assistance before, during and after a to 12 months or more for a violent or reported by Victim liaison officers,
trial. Anyone can also call the Victim sexual offence. With police represented by Victim Support, or by
Support line – 0845 30 30 900 – for assistance the victims’ names and personal attendance at meetings.
information and support and details addresses are identified and
of local services and other relevant contacted by the victim liaison
organisations. officer. Victims are approached
8 Statistical Information for MAPPA Annual Report 2002/3

No. of Offenders

i. The number of registered sex offenders on 31st March 2003 (note 1) 637
ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either 2
cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1st April 2002
and 31st March 2003
iii. The number of Sex Offender Orders applied for and gained between 1st April 2002
and 31st March 2003
a) The total number of Sex Offender Orders applied for 5
b) The total number granted 4
c) The total number not granted 1
iv. The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between 1st April 2002 4
and 31st March 2003 for offenders currently managed within MAPPA
v. The number of violent and other sexual offenders considered under MAPPA during 782
the year 1st April 2002 and 31st March 2003 (as defined by Section 68 (3),
(4) and (5)) (note 2)
vi. The number of “other offenders” dealt with under MAPPA during the year 22
1st April 2002 and 31st March 2003 as being assessed by the Responsible
Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public (but who did not fall within
either of the other two categories as defined by s.67 (2b)) (note 3)
vii. For each of the three categories of offenders covered by the MAPPA (“registered
sex offenders”, “violent and other sex offenders” and “other offenders”)
identify the number of offenders that are or have been dealt with by:
a) MAPPP – registered sex offenders 51
b) MAPPP – violent and other sex offenders 19
c) MAPPP – other offenders 22
viii.Of the cases managed by the MAPPP during the reporting year, what was the
number of offenders:
a) who were returned to custody for a breach of licence 12
b) who were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining Order or Sex 1
Offender Order
c) charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 0

Notes. The numbers of registered sex offenders is expected to rise for the next few years. This is because the legislation
introduced registration in 1997, but did not apply to earlier offences, unless the offender was still in custody or under
supervision. Registration is from 5 years to life. So the numbers will go up for several years until a peak is reached.
Notes. 1. S 68 (2) This applies to any sex offender required to register with the police under the requirements of Part 1 of
the Sex Offender Act 1997
2. S 68(3),(4),(5) refers to sexual or violent offenders who either receive 12 months or more imprisonment, or who are
made subject to a mental health order
3. s 67 2 (b) refers to any other person who by reason of their offences is considered by the Police or Probation
Service to be persons who may cause serious harm