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Documents that cited the following paper: Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: Current conceptualizations and concluding remarks (2002) Hydrobiologia, 469 , pp. 203-204. This paper - full text - online free:

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Perez-Llorens, J.L.(2) Fernandez-Engo, M.A.(2) Kolesov, G.M.(2) Hernandez, I.(2) Vergara, J.J.(2) Chen, X.F.(1) Chen, Y.X.(1) Chuai, X.M.(1) Dodson, S.I.(1)

Hamilton, D.(1) Ioannou, A.(1) Lazareva, E.V.(1) Lazaridou, M.(1) Li, H.(1) Liang, X.Q.(1) Liu, M.S.(1) Liu, T.(1) Martinez-Aragon, J.F.(1) Brooks, B.W.(1) Perez-Pastor, A.(1) Peterson, S.A.(1) Ren, R.L.(1) Riley, T.M.(1) Shestakova, T.V.(1) Taylor, R.D.(1) Chatzinikolaou, Y.(1) Vorozhun, I.M.(1) Wetzel, R.G.(1) Widdows, J.(1) Xu, L.(1) Xu, M.(1) Yang, L.Y.(1) Yao, Y.X.(1) Zeng, J.(1) Zhang, J.M.(1) Zhang, M.(1) Zhang, X.Z.(1) Zhou, L.(1), and many others Subject Area

Agricultural and Biological Sciences (12) Environmental Science (12) Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (5) Immunology and Microbiology (4) Earth and Planetary Sciences (3) Chemical Engineering (1) Chemistry (1) Engineering (1) Materials Science (1)

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1 Nitrogenous fluxes and its self-purification capacity in Lake Taihu Chen, X.-F., Chuai, X.-M., Zeng, J., Liu, T., Yang, L.-Y. 2012 Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science 33 (7) , pp. 2309-2314 Chen, X.-F. , Chuai, X.-M., Zeng, J., Liu, T., Yang, L.-Y. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China View references (32) Abstract The various forms of nitrogen in 25 rivers surrounding Lake Taihu as well as in some typical lake zones such as Meiliang Bay and East Lake Taihu were analyzed during the hydrological year of 2009-2010. Furthermore, the nitrogenous self-purification capacity of Lake Taihu was studied in combined with the investigation of water flow, cyanobacteria salvages and aquatic product outputs. In the whole hydrological year, the inflow and outflow fluxes of total nitrogen (TN) were 7.00×10 4 t and 4.01×10 4 t, respectively. About 3.02×10 4 t and 0.20×10 4 t nitrogen in water body were removed by denitrification and sediment adsorption during this hydrological year, respectively, suggesting a strong nitrogen self-purification capacity of Lake Taihu. The potential denitrification is stronger in western Lake Taihu (e.g., Meiliang Bay) than that in eastern Lake Taihu (e.g., East Lake Taihu), and is stronger in summer than that in other seasons. Thus, the nitrogenous self-purification capacity plays an important role in nitrogenous transference and transformation in Lake Taihu. Author keywords Denitrification; Flux; Lake Taihu; Nitrogen; Self-purification; Surrounding river

ISSN: 02503301 CODEN: HCKHDSource Type: Journal Original language: Chinese Document Type: Article View in table layout References (32) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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Yang, L.-Y.; State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China; email:yangly@nju.edu.cn © Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V. **

2 ** 4 Research on seasonal variation of self-purification ability for small shallow lakes in south lake Taihu Xu, L., Li, H., Chen, Y.-X., Yao, Y.-X., Liang, X.-Q., Zhou, L., Zhang, X.-Z. 2010 Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science 31 (4) , pp. 924-930 Xu, L.a , Li, H.ab , Chen, Y.-X.ab, Yao, Y.-X.c, Liang, X.-Q.ab, Zhou, L.c, Zhang, X.-Z.ad a Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China b Key Laboratory for Water Pollution Control and Environmental Safety, Hangzhou 310029, Zhejiang Province, China c Environmental Monitoring Central Station, Huzhou 313000, China d Environmental Monitoring Station, Lanxi 321100, China View additional affiliations View references (29) Abstract Seasonal variations of self-purification ability for small natural shallow lakes in South Lake Taihu were investigated. The results showed that seasonal difference of self-purification of permanganate index, total nitrogen (TN), ammonium (NH 4 +-N), nitrate (NO 3 --N), total phosphorus (TP), chlorophyll (Chl-a) in small shallow lakes were remarkable. Effects of self-purification were better in

spring and winter, and were worse in summer by NH 4 +-N and NO 3 --N and in autumn by TP and Chl-a. Organic pollution was light, TN and TP pollution were seriously in four seasons. Concentrations of TN and TP brought a well condition to algae growth, and lakes were eutrification easily by the limiting factor of phosphorus. Concentrations of Chl-a were showed that lakes were eutrophic in summer or autumn and mesotrophic in winter or spring. Growth and blooms of phytoplankton impacted water quality and self-purification of lakes. Species and quantity of aquatic plants were the main factors to affect the change of pH and dissolved oxygen (DO), and loss of fertilizer and domestic wastewater were the main reasons for high nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in lakes. Organic nitrogen was the main portion of TN by using excessive organic fertilizer in summer, NO 3 --N was the main portion in other seasons. The principal component analysis result showed that the three principal components of self-purification ability were phytoplankton factor (water temperature, pH, permanganate index and Chl-a), farm drainage factor (pH, DO and TN), nutrient factor (TN and TP). The cluster analysis result showed that the water quality of four seasons in 11 sampling sites of three lakes could be divided into two categories: first, in spring, autumn and winter; second, in summer. This was caused by the temperature changes and agricultural drainage. Water temperature and pH were used to calculate the concentrations of permanganate index, TN, TP, Chl-a by linear equations, which improved the quick prediction ability in locale. Author keywords Cluster analysis; Linear fitting; Principal component analysis; Seasonal variation; Self-purification ability; Small shallow lake Indexed keywords EMTREE drug terms: fresh water EMTREE medical terms: article; bioremediation; China; environmental monitoring; principal component analysis; season; water management; water pollutant MeSH: Biodegradation, Environmental; China; Environmental Monitoring; Fresh Water; Principal Component Analysis; Seasons; Water Pollutants, Chemical; Water Purification Medline is the source for the MeSH terms of this document. Chemicals and CAS Registry Numbers: Water Pollutants, Chemical ISSN: 02503301 CODEN: HCKHDSource Type: Journal Original language: Chinese PubMed ID: 20527172Document Type: Article View in table layout References (29) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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Li, H.; Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China; email:lisar2002@zju.edu.cn © Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved. © MEDLINE® is the source for the MeSH terms of this document. ** 5 Intra-basin spatial approach on pollution load estimation in a large Mediterranean river Chatzinikolaou, Y., Ioannou, A., Lazaridou, M. 2010 Desalination 250 (1) , pp. 118-129 Chatzinikolaou, Y.ab , Ioannou, A.a, Lazaridou, M.a a Department of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece b Institute of Inland Waters, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, P.O. Box 712, GR-19013, Anavyssos, Attica, Greece View references (29) Abstract In order to find the segments of Pinios River which lack the retention capacity of the BOD and nutrient input, the difference of the estimated input and output pollution loads was compared at upstream and downstream clustered areas of a total of 73 segments. Catchment areas ranged from 1 to 11,300 km2. Emissions were always higher than the actual transport, therefore retention was

assumed to take place. Specific runoff, percentage of the surface water area and the calculated input of pollution loads (BOD, P, N) varied between the different Pinios River basin catchment areas. The transport to the emission load ratio was different between large and small catchments. The rate of retention among consecutive segments revealed that four lowland segments lacked in their relative retention capacity. © 2009. Author keywords Biochemical oxygen demand; Nutrient pollution load; Nutrient retention; Organic pollution load; Pinios River Indexed keywords Nutrient pollution; Nutrient retention; Organic pollution; Organic pollution load; Pinios River Engineering controlled terms: Biochemical oxygen demand; Catchments; Nutrients; Oxygen; Pollution; Rivers; Runoff Engineering main heading: River pollution GEOBASE Subject Index: biochemical oxygen demand; estimation method; nutrient; organic pollutant; retention; runoff; surface water Regional Index: Greece; Pinios River; Thessaly ISSN: 00119164 CODEN: DSLNASource Type: Journal Original language: English DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2008.12.062Document Type: Article View in table layout References (29) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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Chatzinikolaou, Y.; Department of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece; email:yorgxatzinik@hotmail.com © Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. ** Self-purification ability of a water-carrying lake Ren, R.-L., Liu, M.-S., Zhang, J.-M., Zhang, M., Xu, M. 2007 Chinese Journal of Ecology 26 (8) , pp. 1222-1227 Ren, R.-L.a , Liu, M.-S.a , Zhang, J.-M.b, Zhang, M.c, Xu, M.a a School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China b Suqian Bureau of Forestry, Suqian 223800 Jiangsu, China c Environmental Conservation Bureau of Suqian, Suqian 223800 Jiangsu, China View references (24) Abstract By using the 1991-2003 monitoring data of water quality at 5 sampling locations distributed nearby the 2 entrances and 3 exits of the luoma Lake river ways, the self-purification ability of the lake was studied. The results showed that on the whole, the water quality near the exits was better and more steady-going than that near the entrances, indicating that the lake still had strong self-purification ability. The coefficients of variation of the water quality indices among the 5 sampling locations decreased gradually, suggesting that the purification rates of total nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, volatile hydroxybenzene, non-ionic ammonia, and arsenic in water body reduced remarkably, and the self-purification ability of the lake was weakened. The coefficients of variation of total nitrogen and dissolved oxygen and some exogenous pollutants among various sampling locations could be used as the reference indices of self-purification ability and health status of wetland ecosystems. Author keywords Coefficients of variation; External contamination; Internal contamination; Luoma Lake; Watercarrying lake Indexed keywords GEOBASE Subject Index: arsenic; dissolved oxygen; lake water; monitoring; nitrogen; sampling; self purification; volatile organic compound; water pollution; water quality; wetland Regional Index: Asia; China; Eurasia; Far East; Jiangsu; Luoma Lake ISSN: 10004890 CODEN: SZAZESource Type: Journal Original language: Chinese

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Ren, R.-L.; School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China; email:renruili1004@163.com © Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., ** 10 Studies on the biofiltration capacity of Gracilariopsis longissima: From microscale to macroscale Hernández, I., Pérez-Pastor, A., Vergara, J.J., Martínez-Aragón, J.F., Fernández-Engo, M.A., PérezLloréns, J.L. 2006 Aquaculture 252 (1) , pp. 43-53 Hernández, I. , Pérez-Pastor, A., Vergara, J.J., Martínez-Aragón, J.F., Fernández-Engo, M.A., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L.

Área de Ecología, Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar Y Ambientales, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain View references (44) Abstract The potential of the red agarophyte Gracilariopsis longissima as biofilter for phosphate and ammonium in effluents outflowing intensive marine fish cultures was assessed at different scales. Previous studies showed that both laboratory (microscale level) and outdoor cultivation (mesoscale level) were feasible, with a maximum sustainable yield of 270 g fresh wt m -2 day -1 approximately, at a biomass higher than that predicted in a logistic model, a deviation attributable to an improvement of the culture conditions during the monitoring period. At a mesoscale level, a 34-h cycle suggested that the nitrification rate on the seaweed fronds showed diel fluctuations, with rates peaking early in the morning, when ammonium uptake rates were negligible. Mean nitrification rates were similar to ammonium uptake rates, suggesting that nitrifyers outcompete G. longissima for the use of ammonium; especially when mean biofiltering efficiencies were less than 15% during the 34-h period. G. longissima thrives naturally in different earthen ponds of a fish farm in Cádiz Bay Natural Park, Southern Spain, especially in the outflowing reservoir earthen ponds, where biomass reached values up to 278 g dry wt m -2 during the spring. A field cultivation system for G. longissima (macroscale level) was designed to find the best scenario in terms of earthen pond, season or current conditions. The best cultivation method was the growth of vegetative cuttings on suspended braided nylon ropes. The highest growth rates (up to 6% day -1) and biomass (up to 10 g fresh wt cm -1 rope) were obtained in ponds receiving outflow waters, suggesting a nutrient effect. The net P 24.9 μ P -1 rope day -1 and was also higher on braided nylon suspended ropes placed at the outflowing reservoir earthen ponds. A similar result was found regarding net N .H v (≈ 170 μ -1 rope day -1) was similar in the different earthen ponds and channels. The increase in P and N biomass suggested that G. longissima was biofiltering efficiently nutrient wastes from the fish farm. The results pointed out the high potential ability of G. longissima to biofilter waste waters from a fish farm, encouraging a large scale cultivation of this species. Future practices using this macroalgae may be implemented in local fish farms, resulting in both environmental and economic advantages. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Author keywords Ecological engineering; Integrated aquaculture; Nitrogen; Nutrient uptake; Phosphorus Indexed keywords GEOBASE Subject Index: algal culture; aquaculture effluent; aquaculture system; biofiltration; bioremediation; fish culture; nutrient uptake Species Index: algae; Gracilariopsis longissima ISSN: 00448486 CODEN: AQCLASource Type: Journal Original language: English DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.11.048Document Type: Article View in table layout References (44) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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12 Water quality of effluent-dominated ecosystems: Ecotoxicological, hydrological, and management considerations Brooks, B.W., Riley, T.M., Taylor, R.D.

2006 Hydrobiologia 556 (1) , pp. 365-379 Brooks, B.W.a , Riley, T.M.b, Taylor, R.D.c a Department of Environmental Studies, Center for Reservoir and Aquatic Systems Research, Baylor University, One Bear Place # 97266, Waco, TX 76798, United States b Barton Springs/Edwards Aquifer Conservation District, 1124 Regal Row, Austin, TX 78748, United States c Department of Public Health, Centre for Water Resource Studies, Western Kentucky University, 1 Big Red Way, Bowling Green, KY 42101, United States View references (100) Abstract In arid and semi-arid regions of the southwestern United States and other parts of the world, flows of historically ephemeral streams are now perennially dominated by municipal and/or industrial effluent discharges, particularly in urbanized watersheds. Because effluent-dominated and dependent water bodies have previously received limited scientific study, we reviewed select contemporary topics associated with water quality of ephemeral streams receiving effluent flows. Our findings indicate that these ecosystems present numerous challenges to aquatic scientists and water resources managers, including: 1) appropriate ecosystems or upstream conditions used reference sites in biomonitoring are difficult to locate or do not exist; 2) water quality criteria, particularly for metals, are dramatically influenced by unique site-specific stream and land use conditions; 3) effluent-dominated streams represent worse-case scenarios for evaluating and predicting aquatic responses to emerging contaminants (e.g., pharmaceuticals and personal care products); 4) low-flow and drought conditions often preclude effective biomonitoring and water quality interpretation, or skew ambient assessment results; 5) chemical-physical water quality parameters (e.g., dissolved oxygen, conductivity, temperature) are dramatically altered by effluent and stormwater characteristics; and 6) beneficial reuse of reclaimed effluent waters potentially conflict with sustainability of ecological integrity. Subsequently, we recommend several water quality research priorities for effluentdominated water bodies. © Springer 2006. Author keywords Arid ecosystem; Beneficial reuse; Effluent dependent streams; Instream flows; Urban ecosystem; Whole effluent toxicity Indexed keywords Engineering controlled terms: Drought; Ecosystems; Hydrology; Marine biology; Toxicity; Watersheds Engineering uncontrolled terms: Arid ecosystem; Beneficial reuse; Effluent dependent streams; Instream flows; Urban ecosystem; Whole effluent toxicity Engineering main heading: Water quality GEOBASE Subject Index: arid environment; ecosystem management; ecotoxicology; effluent; ephemeral stream; water quality Regional Index: North America; United States

ISSN: 00188158 CODEN: HYDRBSource Type: Journal Original language: English DOI: 10.1007/s10750-004-0189-7Document Type: Review View in table layout References (100) First 80 references displayed (View all references) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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First 80 references displayed (View all references) Brooks, B.W.; Department of Environmental Studies, Center for Reservoir and Aquatic Systems Research, Baylor University, One Bear Place # 97266, Waco, TX 76798, United States; email:Bryan_Brooks@Baylor.edu © Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V.,

** 13 Integrated outdoor culture of two estuarine macroalgae as biofilters for dissolved nutrients from Sparus aurata waste waters Hernández, I., Fernández-Engo, M.A., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L., Vergara, J.J. 2005 Journal of Applied Phycology 17 (6) , pp. 557-567 Hernández, I. , Fernández-Engo, M.A., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L., Vergara, J.J. Area de Ecología, Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar Y Ambientales, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain View references (50) Abstract An integrated outdoor cultivation of two macroalgal species: Ulva rotundata (Chlorophyta) and Gracilariopsis longissima (Rhodophyta) was designed. The macroalgae were cultured in effluents from an intensive marine culture (growout phase) of gilthead seabream Sparus aurata. The biomass evolution of the algal tanks followed a logistic curve, where the approach to the maximum stocking density of seaweeds was governed by thalli self-shading, as nutrient limitation in the cultivation tank was unlikely. The maximum stocking density of the system was approximately 27.8 g U. rotundata L -1 (16.7 Kg m -2) and 11.9 g G. longissima L -1 (7.12 Kg m -2). Yield was more than 3 times higher in U. rotundata than in G. longissima. Overall, U. rotundata removed a greater percentage of phosphate (8.9%) and total dissolved inorganic nitrogen (54%) flowing into the algal tanks than G. longissima. The latter species biofiltered approximately 3.2% of phosphate and 17% of the total dissolved inorganic nitrogen input. However, mean nutrient uptake rates on wet weight basis were usually higher in G. longissima than in U. rotundata. The production of total oxidised nitrogen in the algal tanks, considered as being the nitrification rate occurring on the algal fronds by nitrifying bacteria, was less than half of the ammonium uptake by the macroalgae, suggesting that seaweeds competed efficiently for ammonia against the nitrifyers. The biofiltration during a diel cycle showed that mean phosphate biofiltration was lower than 4.5% in the two species whereas ammonium was biofiltered efficiently (up to 67%), especially in U. rotundata. The metal and heavy metal content in the algal tissue at the end of the monitoring period suggested no metal contamination of tissues so that both macroalgal species could be used in the food industry. The study reveals the value of

ecological engineering techniques in reducing the dissolved nutrient content in effluents from the fish farm, with the prospect of a better management practises, based on integrated mariculture designs, being developed by the local farmers. © Springer 2005. Author keywords Ecological engineering; Environmental impact; Gracilariopsis; Nitrogen; Phosphorus; Ulva Indexed keywords GEOBASE Subject Index: aquaculture effluent; estuarine environment; fish culture; seaweed culture; water treatment Species Index: algae; Bacteria (microorganisms); Chlorophyta; Gracilariopsis; Gracilariopsis longissima; Rhodophyta; Sparus aurata; Ulva; Ulva rotundata ISSN: 09218971 CODEN: JAPPESource Type: Journal Original language: English DOI: 10.1007/s10811-005-9006-6Document Type: Article View in table layout References (50) Page Export Print E-mail Create bibliography

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Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands: biodiversity, public health and urbanization: new publication on science and policy. Affiliation of authors: 22 institutions of 6 countries. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/05/belgium-france-germanysweden.html

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this article was cited: 2002. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia. 469: 203–204;

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** This article was cited in the paper 'Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium' by scientists of 22 institutions: Belgium; Ireland; Sweden; France; Germany; The Netherlands; Czech Republic:

1 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Kliniekstraat 25, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium 2 Belgian Biodiversity Platform, Belgium (www.biodiversity.be/) 3 Faculty of Applied Economics, University of Antwerp, Prinsstraat 13, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium 4 naXys, Namur Center for Complex Systems, University of Namur, 8 rempart de la vierge, B-5000, Belgium 5 Co-Operation On Health And Biodiversity (COHAB), COHAB Initiative Secretariat, PO Box 16, Tuam, Co. Galway, Ireland; 6 Biological Control and Spatial Ecology Lab, Universite libre de Bruxelles, CP160/12, ´ 50, av FD Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium 7 Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment, Eurostation II, Place Victor Horta, 40 Box 10, B-1060 Brussels, Belgium

8 Agriculture and Veterinary Intelligence and Analysis (Avia-GIS), Risschotlei 33, B-2980 Zoersel, Belgium 9 Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, PO Box 514, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden 10 Agency for Nature and Forest (ANB), Koning Albert II-laan 20 bus 8, Graaf de Ferrarisgebouw 1000, Brussels, Belgium 11 Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Rue Vautier 29, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium 12 Research Institute for Agriculture and Fisheries (ILVO), Burgemeester Van Gansberghelaan 96 Bus 1, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium 13 Department of Geography, Universite catholique de Louvain, 2, Place des Sciences, ´ B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium 14 DIVERSITAS / ’H 57 C v CP 41 F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France; 15 Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Permoserstrasse 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany; 16 International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development (ICIS), Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands; 17 Division of Agricultural and Food Economics, K U Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200e—Box 2411, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium 18 Laboratory for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium 19 Faculty of Tropical Agrisciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Prague 6—Suchdol, 165 21, Czech Republic 20 Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section, K U Leuven, Charles Deberiotstraat 32—Box 2439, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium 21 Military Hospital Queen Astrid, Bruynstraat 1, 1120 Neder-over-Heembeek, Belgium 22 Institute for Environmental Management and Land-use Planning, Universite libre de Bruxelles, ´ Campus du Solbosch, Batiment D—6 ˆ v L DB6.246 Av D 30 ` B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium

This article was cited in: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/2/025015/pdf/1748-9326_8_2_025015.pdf

Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2013 Environ. Res. Lett. 8 025015 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/2/025015) Download details: IP Address: 188.123.231.45 The article was downloaded on 14/05/2013 at 05:56 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscienceIOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTALRESEARCH LETTERS

Environ. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 025015 (19pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025015 Science–policy challenges for biodiversity, public health and urbanization: examples from Belgium H Keune1,2,3,4, C Kretsch5, G De Blust1, M Gilbert6, L Flandroy7, K Van den Berge1, V Versteirt8, T Hartig9, L De Keersmaecker10, H Eggermont2,11, D Brosens1,2, J Dessein12, S Vanwambeke13, A H Prieur-Richard14, H Wittmer15, A Van Herzele, C Linard6, P Martens16, E Mathijs17, I Simoens1, P Van Damme18,19, F Volckaert20, P Heyman21 and T Bauler22 1 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Kliniekstraat 25, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium 2 Belgian Biodiversity Platform, Belgium (www.biodiversity.be/) 3 Faculty of Applied Economics, University of Antwerp, Prinsstraat 13, B-2000 Antwerp, Belgium 4 naXys, Namur Center for Complex Systems, University of Namur, 8 rempart de la vierge, B-5000, Belgium 5 Co-Operation On Health And Biodiversity (COHAB), COHAB Initiative Secretariat, PO Box 16, Tuam, Co. Galway, Ireland 6 Biological Control and Spatial Ecology Lab, Universite libre de Bruxelles, CP160/12, ´ 50, av FD Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium 7 Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment, Eurostation II, Place Victor Horta,4 0 Box 10, B-1060 Brussels, Belgium 8 Agriculture and Veterinary Intelligence and Analysis (Avia-GIS), Risschotlei 33, B-2980 Zoersel, Belgium 9. Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, PO Box 514, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden 10 Agency for Nature and Forest (ANB), Koning Albert II-laan 20 bus 8, Graaf de Ferrarisgebouw 1000, Brussels, Belgium 11 Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Rue Vautier 29, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium 12 Research Institute for Agriculture and Fisheries (ILVO), Burgemeester Van Gansberghelaan 96 Bus 1, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium 13 Department of Geography, Universite catholique de Louvain, 2, Place des Sciences, ´ B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium 14 DIVERSITAS / ’H 57 C v CP 41 F-75231 Paris Cedex ´ 05, France 15 Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Permoserstrasse 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany 16 International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development (ICIS), Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands 17 Division of Agricultural and Food Economics, K U Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200e—Box 2411, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium 18 Laboratory for Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium 19 Faculty of Tropical Agrisciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Prague 6—Suchdol, 165 21, Czech Republic 20 Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section, K U Leuven, Charles Deberiotstraat 32—Box 2439, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium

21 Military Hospital Queen Astrid, Bruynstraat 1, 1120 Neder-over-Heembeek, Belgium 22 Institute for Environmental Management and Land-use Planning, Universite libre de Bruxelles, ´ Campus du Solbosch, Batiment D—6 ˆ v L DB6.246 Av D age, 30, ` B-1050 Bruxelles, Belgium Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. C19$33.00 11748-9326/13/025015 c 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UKEnviron. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 025015 H Keune et al E-mail: hans.keune@inbo.be Received 2 January 2013 Accepted for publication 5 April 2013 Published 9 May 2013 Online at stacks.iop.org/ERL/8/025015 Abstract Internationally, the importance of a coordinated effort to protect both biodiversity and public health is more and more recognized. These issues are often concentrated or particularly challenging in urban areas, and therefore on-going urbanization worldwide raises particular issues both for the conservation of living natural resources and for population health strategies. These challenges include significant difficulties associated with sustainable management of urban ecosystems, urban development planning, social cohesion and public health. An important element of the challenge is the need to interface between different forms of knowledge and different actors from science and policy. We illustrate this with examples from Belgium, showcasing concrete cases of human–nature interaction. To better tackle these challenges, since 2011, actors in science, policy and the broader Belgian society have launched a number of initiatives to deal in a more integrated manner with combined biodiversity and public health challenges in the face of ongoing urbanization. This emerging community of practice in Belgium exemplifies the importance of interfacing at different levels. (1) Bridges must be built between science and the complex biodiversity/ecosystem–human/public health–urbanization phenomena. (2) Bridges between different professional communities and disciplines are urgently needed. (3) Closer collaboration between science and policy, and between science and societal practice is needed. Moreover, within each of these communities closer collaboration between specialized sections is needed. Keywords: biodiversity, ecosystem services, public health, urbanization, science–policy interface, community of practice, complexity

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