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North Yorkshire / York

MAPPA Annual Report 2002

1. Introduction

North Yorkshire and the City of York are independent,

separate, local authority areas, but agencies within
them have decided to adopt a joint approach to public
protection, and one single arrangement covers both
Local arrangements for public protection in North
Yorkshire and York began in 1994 with new risk
management procedures for the Probation Service.
These required that every offender be assessed for
risk at first contact with the Service, and that those
identified as threatening dangers of personal harm to
members of the public be made subject to inter-agency
Risk Strategy Meetings. These arrangements were
extended in 1998, through a new inter-agency
agreement, “Managing Dangerous Offenders in the
In 2001, an inter-agency Task Group was set up to
enlarge and adopt the existing arrangements, to meet
the requirements of the Criminal Justice and Court
Services Act. This produced a new Protocol,
establishing a new structure and system for public
protection in North Yorkshire and the City of York.
These arrangements provide for two levels of case
conferences, for High Risk, and Very High Risk, cases,
and for the assessment and management of sex
offenders and other dangerous offenders.
Work to inform, consult, and support victims is through
arrangements which are common to the two local
authority areas.
This document provides details of the arrangements
made in North Yorkshire and York.
Any queries relating to it may be addressed to the
North Yorkshire Police (Tel - 01609 783131) or the
National Probation Service, North Yorkshire Area
(Tel - 01609 778644).
2. Summary of Roles & Responsibilities
The Police and Probation Services The Housing Departments of the Health Services is an issue. Health
share statutory responsibility for City of York and the District Councils Service professionals attended the
public protection procedures and of Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Area-wide set-up meeting to discuss
have worked together to establish Richmondshire, Ryedale, the inter-agency Protocol, and more
the new arrangements in York and Scarborough and Selby have an recently there was a meeting with
North Yorkshire, which build on important role to play. Stable forensic psychiatrists. The recent
earlier police/probation co-operation. accommodation is crucial to the National Health Service re-
successful management of organisation has caused delay, but
The Police maintain a Register of dangerous offenders, and staff in commitment to the Protocol is now
individuals convicted of sexual Housing Departments sometimes being considered by the Directors of
offences. Each individual on this need to call on the support of other the four Health Primary Care Trusts
Sex Offender Register is assessed agencies where current tenants are which cover North Yorkshire and
for risk, and is visited at home by presenting risks. York.
the police: the frequency and nature
of the visits depend on the risk North Yorkshire Social Services, and Some serious offenders prey on
assessment. The majority of these the City of York Community children and the dangers they
offenders, and of those convicted of Services, work towards sustaining represent often require the
serious crimes of violence, will be the quality of life of individuals and involvement of schools. North
known to the Probation Service, as communities across the Area, Yorkshire and the City of York
explained in the following section. especially children and vulnerable Education departments are
adults. They have responsibilities committed to a collaborative
The North Yorkshire Probation towards children in need and their approach to protecting the children
Board is funding a newly created families, older and disabled people, in their care, through the multi-
post, at Middle Manager level, and those with mental health needs. agency public protection system - by
dedicated to risk management and They are committed to working referring concerning cases which
public protection work. This collaboratively with other agencies come to their attention, and by
Probation Public Protection Manager to protect the vulnerable from those responding to information provided
took up post in July, 2002. who might harm them, particularly through the Protocol arrangements.
Responsibilities include supporting individuals with convictions for
probation officers who are sexual or violent crimes against Other parties involved include North
supervising dangerous offenders, children (who are known as Yorkshire County Council Legal
and servicing the Area’s multi- “Schedule 1 Offenders”). Services, who provide advice on
agency public protection legal issues to the Multi Agency
arrangements. The Health Service has a key Public Protection Panel, the NSPCC
contribution to make. A substantial in York, which is devoted to
Police and Probation take the lead, proportion of offenders under safeguarding children from harm,
but other key agencies are Housing, supervision (estimated at 40% in and the Youth Offending Teams
Social and Community Services, one area) is thought to have mental (YOTs). There are separate YOTs in
Health and Education. These health problems. Mental Health North Yorkshire and York, which
agencies make up the core group specialists might provide diagnosis supervise offenders aged 10 to 17.
for higher tier case conferences, and assessment and treatment, Some of these young offenders
which are Multi Agency Public including referral to in-patient units. have committed very serious
Protection Panel Meetings Forensic Community Psychiatric offences and represent very high
(MAPPPs). Because of the national Nurses have been engaged in risk risk to others.
re-organisation of the Health management meetings in almost all
Services from April 2002, parts of the Area for some time, and
representation by Health currently the involvement of more
professionals at public protection senior health representatives at
panel meetings is yet to be higher level meetings is under
determined. discussion. Resourcing for Mental
3. Outline of Arrangements
Almost all referrals to the public Following risk assessment, considered and the Plan updated at
protection arrangements are from offenders under Probation subsequent review meetings.
the Probation Service. supervision are placed in one of four
risk categories: Low Risk of harm, While most dangerous offenders are
Most offenders representing dangers Medium Risk, High Risk, and Very already known to the Probation
to others in the community are High Risk. Those categorised as Service, a professional working in
known to the Service, and the High Risk are made subject to inter- any other agency who has concerns
majority are ex-prisoners. Anyone agency Risk Management Meetings, that an individual with whom he or
given a prison sentence of 12 and those identified as being Very she has had contact is a danger to
months or more will be subject to High Risk are considered by the the public can refer to the Probation
licence on release and will come Multi Agency Public Protection Public Protection Manager (PPPM).
under the supervision of a probation Panel. High Risk and Very High The PPPM, in conjunction with the
officer. The period of the licence is Risk cases are given a higher police, will assess the case, and
related to the length of sentence, degree of closely-focussed decide whether it should be the
and the licence requires the subject supervision, following discussion at subject of a MAPPP, or a Risk
to attend the probation office (initially the inter-agency risk meeting. Management Meeting (RMM, the
weekly), and may contain other lower tier of case conference). The
conditions (such as participation in The purpose of both Risk PPPM will convene the appropriate
treatment programmes). Management and Public Protection level of meeting and invite
Panel meetings is to protect people representation from all relevant
In York and North Yorkshire, all in the community from harm, agencies.
offenders (whatever their sentence) through a joint approach in which
are assessed at first contact with the agencies share responsibility and a Initial meetings (MAPPP or RMM)
Probation Service for risk of harm to co-ordinated response to manage are held as and when they are
others. There is an initial screening, the risks and dangers represented necessary, and in urgent cases are
using a standard assessment tool, by an individual to others. At the convened very quickly. Review
which is applied to all offenders and meetings, information is shared and meetings are usually at four monthly
to defendants subject to pre- analysed, risks are identified and intervals, but can be more often if
sentence reports. Offenders under assessed, and an Action Plan for the case so requires.
supervision are given further in- managing them is agreed. The Plan
depth risk analysis, if the initial will identify which staff in each
screening reveals any indication of agency are to undertake the actions,
risk of harm. and when. Progress will be

4. Strategic Management Arrangements

A Steering Group is being The Steering Group will assess the be a low number of registered Very
established to oversee the system, effectiveness of the inter-agency High Risk cases who go on to
and the functioning of the work, and monitor the outcomes of commit further serious offences, and
arrangements for public protection. meetings, through periodic reviews. a low number of serious offences
It will be made up of senior It will receive reports on the nature committed by individuals in whom
managers from the Police, of cases considered, attendance at risk was not recognised.
Probation, Social/Community meetings, and the involvement of
Services, Education, Health and agencies in the public protection
Housing. processes. Evidence of success will
5. Disclosure
Individuals have the right to have consideration at the highest level A two-tier approach was adopted,
their privacy and confidentiality through MAPPP meetings. The with briefings being given to the
respected by public service responsibility for carrying out any professionals directly involved, and
agencies. Sometimes, however, the disclosure rests with the Police. less detailed information being given
protection of others requires that to those (like headteachers) who
these rights are breached and that In a recent case in North Yorkshire, could protect children in general.
information about an individual is when it was recognised that The risk management action in this
disclosed to others to protect those information about an offender case was successful and no further
at risk of harm from that individual. needed to be disclosed to safeguard offences have been committed by
Because such disclosure infringes children and also professionals he the individual concerned.
civil liberties, decisions about it are had threatened, there was thorough
taken only after careful planning, informed by legal advice.

6. Victims Work
New legislation, implemented in Officers undertake all victim contact Victim Support is the national charity
2001, gave to the Probation Service work, and cover the whole area. for people affected by crime. It is
nationally new responsibilities for The Service has agreed protocols an independent organisation,
victims. Since April 2001, the relating to victims with other offering a free and confidential
Service has been required to contact agencies, and has a partnership with service, whether or not a crime has
the victims of all sexual and violent Victim Support. Volunteers from been reported. Trained staff and
crimes, where the offender was Victim Support make the first volunteers at local branches offer
sentenced to imprisonment of a year approach to victims, and where the information and support to victims,
or more. The contact is to offer victim accepts the offer of contact, witnesses, their families, and
interviews at which information visit with the Probation Victim friends. Victim Support provides the
about the criminal justice system, Liaison Officer. Witness Service, based in every
and the approximate date of release criminal court in England and Wales
of offenders, can be given, and the Victim Support can be contacted on to offer assistance before, during,
views of victims can be obtained. these telephone numbers:- and after, a trial.
Victims’ views can be taken into
account when the circumstances of York & Selby The Victim Support Line - 0845 30
the release of prisoners is being - (01904) 636905 30 900 - gives information and
considered, and may result in support and details of other relevant
special conditions being added to Harrogate & District organisations.
licences (but cannot prevent or - (01423) 500033
delay the release of prisoners).
Ryedale, Scarborough & Whitby
In 2001, the Probation Service in - (01723) 500539
North Yorkshire and the City of York
established new arrangements to Hambleton & Richmond
conduct victim work. It now has a - (01609) 777771
nominated and specially trained staff
member in each of its main offices. Craven Victim Support
Between them, these Victim Liaison - (01756) 794775
7. Statistics Number of Offences

i The number of Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) in the community

on 31/3/02 (s68(2) CJ&CS Act 2000) 212

The number of RSOs per 100,000 population 28

ii The number of SOs cautioned/convicted for breaches of registration

requirement 01/04/01 - 31/03/02 11

iii The number of Sex Offender Orders 01/04/01 - 31/03/02

(a) total number applied for 0

(b) granted 0

(c) not granted 0

(d) applications still in progress 0

iv The number of violent offenders and other sex offenders

01/04/01 - 31/03/02 (s68(3)(4)&(5) CJ&CS Act 2000) 195

• The number of other offenders

01/04/01 - 31/03/02 (s67(2)(b) CJ&CS Act 2000) 7

v. Additional Costs of Local Arrangements

Probation Board Police Other Agencies Total

£’000 £’000 £’000 £’000

Staff Costs 3.4 1.3 3.4 8.1

Other Costs 0.3 0.3 - 0.6

Total Expenditure 3.7 1.6 3.4 8.7

Income - - - -

Expenditure* 3.5 1.6 3.4 8.5

*Set up costs
including above 2.6 1.6 3.4 7.6

North Yorkshire Police H.Q. Address Phone

Newby Wiske, 01609 783131

North Yorkshire,

National Probation Service Address Phone

North Yorkshire Area 01609 778644

Thurstan House,
6 Standard Way,
North Yorkshire,