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Protecting the Public from Potentially Dangerous Offenders

Annual Report 2001/2002

1. Introduction

This report accompanies the national report on MAPPA. It describes how


these arrangements have been implemented in West Yorkshire.

The West Yorkshire area pioneered a joint Police and Probation approach
to public protection in Bradford in 1990. This was in response to concerns
about the potential behaviour of some particular offenders who were soon
to be released from prison.

Informal liaison was developed into a case conference arrangement and


this method was spread across the area in 1993. The case conferences
were expanded to include representation from child protection, health and
housing and victim agencies. On the basis of this experience a national
public protection conference was hosted in Bradford in 1997. The approach
in West Yorkshire has been commended in national inspectorate reports.

There are five metropolitan districts in West Yorkshire. Each of these


districts has local liaison arrangements between Probation and Police.
Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPPs) are held in each district.
These are chaired and administered by the Probation Service. Cases can
be referred by any of the participating agencies, although in practice the
majority of cases are referred by the two lead agencies. The MAPPPs also
consider cases referred by Youth Offending Teams.

Further information on these arrangements is available from the contacts


given at the end of this report.
2. Roles and Responsibilities
In this year, steps have been arrangements by Health number and range of different
taken to refine and consolidate (Forensic and Mental Health agency boundaries, it is not
local arrangements made for Services), Social Services possible to summarise the roles
public protection in line with (Child Protection) and local of these agencies in a single
Guidance issued by the authority housing officials. document for West Yorkshire.
Secretary of State. Steps are being taken to secure
these arrangements in the Further information can be
In some districts there is full districts where they are not yet obtained from the contacts
participation in MAPPP fully in place. Given the given at the end of this report.

3. Outline of arrangements
The assessment of the risk of MAPPP. The information is also participating agencies and
harm or degree of shared with prison staff where details are presented by staff
dangerousness is a core task there is a prison sentence. At who have direct contact with
for the Probation and Police present all MAPPP meetings the case. Information
services in the West Yorkshire are chaired by the Assistant concerning victims or potential
area. In Probation all offenders Chief Officer of the relevant victims will also be presented.
are subject to a comprehensive district. In accordance with the At the conclusion of the
assessment of the likelihood advice from the Secretary of discussion the meeting will
that they will re-offend and the State, steps are being taken to confirm the action to be taken
potential harm that another ensure MAPPPs are only and when the case will be
offence might cause. This convened for the very highest reviewed. Action to protect any
assessment is undertaken at risk offenders. identifiable victims is always a
the first point of contact by the key priority though this only
responsible staff member. It is Police assess all Sex Offenders arises in a minority of cases.
a formalised process and is who are subject to registration The police and probation
based on a variety of sources of under the Sex Offender Act. services ensure that there are
information. Where a Cour t This assessment will identifier ‘flags’ for high risk o r
report is being prepared this determine the level of potentially dangerous offenders
information will be used to monitoring and surveillance who may come to their
determine the sentencing undertaken and whether the attention in a routine manner.
proposal. Following sentence case is referred for MAPPP MAPPPs are held on a regular
this risk assessment consideration. basis across West Yorkshire;
determines the nature and level the exact frequency varies by
of supervision, and where At the MAPPP there is a panel size of district and level of
appropriate, referral to a of senior officers from the activity.

4. Strategic Management arrangements


The current arrangements were arrangements that were bodies on the proposals and
reviewed in 2000. A formal responsive to local needs and implications for future
Police and Probation protocol circumstances. arrangements.
was agreed and staff training
was delivered and received on At district level, discussions are A further review is currently
a joint agency basis. This to be held with representatives being held. This is sponsored
provided an area wide strategic of the various local authorities, by the Chief Officers of each
framework, albeit with local health authorities and other agency and has a Project
Board. It is anticipated that this of work and closer operational location for the key staff
will lead to an increase in the co-operation. Both agencies involved in this work.
resources devoted to this area would like to achieve co-

5. Disclosure
A great deal of attention has An example where disclosure
been given locally to the to an individual or organisation woman the real reason he
question of disclosure, usually has been agreed by a MAPPP had been imprisoned.
in relation to child sex follows:-
offenders. Discussions have When the offender, now
This man was convicted of aged 51, was due to be
been held with a wide range of
sex offences against a girl released, a MAPPP
agencies and with local Area
under 16, who was a discussed concerns that he
Child Protection Committees.
member of his family, and could re-offend if he was in a
The local arrangements reflect
was sentenced to 8 years in relationship with a woman
this consultation. Discussions
custody. who had daughters under
have been held with the editors
16. The following
of local newspapers, radio and
Whilst in prison, he began management action plan
television stations on issues writing to a number of was agreed:-
relating to media disclosure. women throughout the
country, including several in that in order to protect
Third party disclosure takes West Yorkshire. Some of members of the public, the
place where there is an these relationships became police would disclose the
identifiable risk to a victim or more than penfriendship, and criminal record and the risk
category of victims. The final there was evidence that he posed to any woman with
decision rests with a senior had proposed marriage to whom he had a relationship,
police officer but this decision is one woman. The offender if she either had children
only taken after consultation told his Probation Officer he herself or had contact with
with a local MAPPP, unless had not revealed to this children.
there is an imminent risk.

6. Victims work
Both Probation and Police parole cases where release is questionnaires. Of the 23 forms
services work closely with local discretionary. In addition there returned (59%), 12 respondents
victim agencies. The Probation are local arrangements for said they were 'satisfied' with
service has local victim-offender contacting victims in all the service provided and 11
units in each district. The Domestic Violence cases. said they were 'very satisfied'
standing membership of each
MAPPP includes representation These arrangements ensure The following pen pictures
from the specialist probation that the victim's voice is heard illustrate the value of this
victim offender unit. These where key decisions, especially approach:-
developed from the pioneering those concerning release from
Leeds mediation/reparation prison are being made. One
Sally
work in the 1980’s but are now West Yorkshire district victim-
Sally’s partner was convicted
focused on the statutory duties offender unit surveyed the
of raping and badly injuring
to consult victims or victims' views of victims with whom it
her. He had become more
families in all Lifer cases or was working by sending out 39
and more possessive and agencies, but found it hard fact that when released, he
violent when she tried to end to “move on” while he still would never be able to
their relationship. protested his innocence. return to the family home.
Following MAPPP meetings, The victim’s family felt they
Although she was terrified of the police were able to set had regained some power,
meeting him again on his up safety devices including and were able to accept the
release, Sally had been alarms, which enabled her to eventual release.
unable to talk about this to recommence her studies.
anyone. It was only when When the offender finally
the Victim Enquiry was acknowledged his guilt, this
begun by the Probation information was passed on Victim Support is the national
Victim-Offender Unit that she to her promptly, and she charity for people affected by
was able to raise the issues began to rebuild her crime. It is an independent
that concerned her. These confidence. organisation, offering a free and
were fed back through confidential service, whether or
MAPPP meetings, and as a Arthur not a crime has been reported.
result she was re-housed in Arthur, a pensioner, was Trained staff and volunteers at
safe accommodation well murdered by a young man local branches offer information
away from the district. On his who lived on his estate. No and support to victims,
release, conditions were motive for the killing has witnesses, their families and
plac ed on Sally’s ex-partner ever been established, a fact friends.
requiring him not to try to with which his frail wife has
approach her. She was well struggled ever since. Victim Support provides the
aware of release plans and Witness Service, based in
felt far more protected as a Victim Enquiry work started every criminal court in England
result of the joint work of the early on in the life sentence, and Wales, to offer assistance
Victim Offender Unit, Police so Arthur’s family were kept before, during and after a trial.
and other agencies involved. fully updated throughout his There is a national Victim
sentence. Supportline – 0845 30 30 900 –
Lisa for information and support and
Victim Enquiry work with Their views were passed on details of local services and
Lisa, who had been violently to the MAPPP and a other relevant organisations.
raped, revealed her fears condition was put in the
and anger about the release licence barring the offender The following are the contact
of her attacker. She was put from ever returning to the details for Victim Support in
in touch with support estate. He had to face the West Yorkshire:

Victim Support Schemes in West Yorkshire


Calderdale VSS

Helen Whale 5 Park RoadTel: 01422 344742


Co-ordinator Off Hopwood Lane
Halifax HX1 2TS

Huddersfield VSS

Carol Sanderson PO Box 479Tel: 01484 511112


Co-ordinatorHuddersfield
HD1 2YG
Keighley VSS

Joanne Waterhouse 1st Floor 105-107 East ParadeTel: 01535 606871


Co-ordinatorKeighley
BD21 5HU

Wakefield VSS

Cath Saxton PO Box 130Tel: 01924 369107


Co-ordinatorWakefield
WF1 2XQ

NE Leeds VSS

Marie Hearnshaw St Theresa’s Parish CentreTel: 0113 2930199


Co-ordinatorStation Road
Leeds LS15 7JY

NW Leeds VS

Corinne Hunt Suites 2-3 Tel: 0113 2392299


Co-ordinator: Gledhow Mount Mansion
Roxholme Grove
Leeds LS7 1AB

S & W Leeds VSS

Trevor Buckroyd The One Stop CentreTel: 0113 2713558


Co-ordinator190 Dewsbury Road
Leeds LS11 6PF

Dewsbury & District VSS

Carol Sanderson Batley Police StationTel: 01924 476622


Co-ordinatorMarket Place
Batley WF17 5DG

Area Director

Chris Carling Woolston HouseTel: 01274 390360


3 Tetley Street
Bradford BD1 2NP
7. Statistical Information
Number of Offenders See Note

i) The number of Registered Sex Offenders 1045 (i)


(RSOs) in the community on 31/03/02
(S68(2) CJ & CS Act 2000)

The number of RSOs per 100,000 population 49

ii) The number of SOs cautioned/convicted for 19


breaches of registration requirement
01/04/01 – 31/03/02

iii) The number of Sex Offender Orders (ii)


01/04/01 - 31/03/02

a) total applied for 1

b) granted 1

c) not granted 0

d) applications still in progress 2

iv) The number of violent offenders and other sex 2046 (iii)
offenders 01/04/01 - 31/03/02 (s68(3)(4)&(5)
CJ &CS Act 2000)

The number of other offenders 01/04/01 - 31/03/02 (s67(2)(b) 110 (iv)


CJ & CS Act 2000)

NOTES

(i) Registered Sex Offenders - s68(2) CJ & CS Act 2000: an offender who is
subject to the notification requirements of Part 1 of the Sex Offenders’
Act 1997

(ii) A Sex Offender Order may be applied for by the police where the
behaviour of sex offender gives cause for concern that the public are
at risk of serious harm from him/her. This is a civil order for which
application is made to the magistrates’ court. It contains prohibitions on
the offender necessary to protect the public. It runs for at least 5 years
and requires the offender to register under the Sex Offenders’ Act 1997.

(iii) Violent Offenders & Other Sex Offenders - defined by s68 (3)(4) & (5)
CJ & CS Act 2000:

(3) A person falls within this subsection if -

(a) he is convicted by a court in England or Wales


of a sexual or violent offence (within the
meaning of the Powers of Criminal Courts
(Sentencing) Act 2000), and
(b) one of the following sentences is imposed on
him in respect of the conviction -

(i) a sentence of imprisonment for a


term of 12 months or more

(ii) a sentence of detention in a young


offender institution for a term of 12
months or more

(iii) a sentence of detention during Her


Majesty’s Pleasure

(iv) a sentence of detention for a period


of 12 months or more under section
91 of the Powers of criminal Courts
(Sentencing) Act 2000 (offenders
under 18 convicted of certain serious
offences)

(v) a detention and training order for a


term of 12 months or more, or

(vi) a hospital or guardianship order


within the meaning of the Mental
Health Act 1983

(4) A person falls within this subsection if -

(a) he is found guilty by a court in England and


Wales of a sexual or violent offence (within the
meaning of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing)
Act 2000) by reason of insanity or to be under a
disability and to have done the act charged against
him in respect of such an offence and

(b) one of the following orders is made in respect of the


act charged against him as the offence -

(i) an order that he be admitted to hospital, or

(ii) a guardianship order within the meaning of the


Mental Health Act 1983

(5) A person falls within the subsection if the first condition set out
in section 28(2) or 29(2) or the second condition set out in
section 28(3) or 29(3) is satisfied in his case

(iv) Other Offenders - s67 (2)(b) CJ & CS Act 2000: an offender considered by the responsible
authority to be a person who may cause serious harm to the public not included in the above
categories
West Yorkshire Probation / Police Contact Details:
Probation

Assistant Chief Officer (Public Protection)

West Yorkshire Probation Board Tel: 01924 885300


Cliff Hill House
Sandy Walk
Wakefield
West Yorkshire
WF1 2DJ

Communications & Public Relations Manager

West Yorkshire Probation Board Tel: 01924 885300


Cliff Hill House
Sandy Walk
Wakefield
West Yorkshire
WF1 2DJ

Police

Head of Crime Operations

West Yorkshire Police HQ Tel: 01924 292388


PO Box 9
Wakefield
West Yorkshire
WF1 3QP

Principal Media & Public Relations Officer

West Yorkshire Police HQ Tel: 01924 292388


PO Box 9
Wakefield
West Yorkshire
WF1 3QP