Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements Annual Report 2002–3

Derbyshire

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Foreword
By Paul Goggins, Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Community and Custodial provision in the Home Office. As the recently appointed Minister with responsibility for the MAPPA, I am pleased to introduce this, the second, annual MAPPA report. It is clear that in the last year (2002/3) the multi-agency public protection arrangements (the MAPPA) continued to play an important role in what remains one of this government's highest priorities - the protection of the public from dangerous offenders. As someone with many years experience of working in the field of child protection, I am particularly impressed by the important contribution the MAPPA are making to strengthen collaboration between agencies at a local level where the focus is on the dangerous offender. These improvements must, however, impact on the protection of children. As the tragic death of Victoria Climbie showed, an effective multi-agency partnership is crucial and the MAPPA are an important element. To ensure greater consistency in the MAPPA across the 42 Areas of England and Wales, and to prepare for the implementation of measures contained in the Criminal Justice Bill, we published the MAPPA Guidance in April. Building on good practice, that Guidance clarified the structure of the operational arrangements as well as the importance of formal review and monitoring - of which this annual report is a vital part. The Criminal Justice Bill will strengthen the MAPPA in two ways. First, it will make the involvement of other agencies part of the statutory framework. Second, it will introduce the involvement of lay people those unconnected with day-to-day operation of the MAPPA - in reviewing and monitoring the MAPPA. Annual reports and this new lay involvement show the Government's commitment to explaining how the often sensitive and complex work of public protection is undertaken.

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The Government is also strengthening the protection of the public with other measures in the Criminal Justice Bill. They include new sentences for dangerous offenders to prevent their release if they continue to be dangerous. Additionally, the Sexual Offences Bill will tighten up sex offender registration, introduce a new offence of 'grooming', and enable sex offender orders to be imposed on violent offenders who pose a risk of causing serious sexual harm - thereby extending sex offender registration to them. I commend this report to you and congratulate all the agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of the MAPPA locally in your local Area.

Paul Goggins

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The National Picture
This section of the report draws attention to wider context of the operation and development of the MultiAgency Public Protection Arrangements (the MAPPA). The most important work undertaken within the MAPPA is done locally, led by the police and probation - who act jointly as the 'Responsible Authority' in your Area and in each of the 42 Areas of England and Wales. The experience and good practice upon which this work is based began in the 1990s - most significantly as a result of the closer working relationship required by the Sex Offender Act (1997). The Criminal Justice and Courts Services Act (2000) formalised that relationship and built on the existing experience by requiring the police and probation services to establish arrangements (the MAPPA) for assessing and managing the risks posed by sexual and violent offenders. The Act also required the Responsible Authority to publish an annual report on the operation of those arrangements. This report, covering April 2002 to March 2003, is the second annual report. The importance of partnership Key to the development of the MAPPA in the past year has been the closer involvement of other agencies, such as housing, health and social services, working alongside police and probation. The truly multi-agency nature of the MAPPA and the collaboration which underpins it is to be strengthened further by the Criminal Justice Bill. The Bill will place a 'duty to cooperate' on a wide range of organisations including local health authorities and trusts; housing authorities and registered social landlords; social services departments; Jobcentres; Youth Offending Teams; and local education authorities. In addition, the Prison Service will join the police and probation services and become part of the MAPPA 'Responsible Authority'. Supporting and co-ordinating the development of the MAPPA throughout the 42 Areas of England and Wales, is the National Probation Directorate's Public

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Protection Unit (PPU). This Unit acts as a central point for advice and, increasingly, involvement in the management of difficult cases. These include, for example, UK citizens who have committed serious offences abroad and return to this country without anywhere to live. The Unit is also able to provide financial support when the risk management plans make exceptional demands upon local resources. Involving the public MAPPA developments in the next 18 months will also include the appointment by the Home Secretary of two 'lay advisers' to each Area. The eight Areas of England and Wales which have been piloting these arrangements since January (Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Durham, South Wales, Dorset, Hampshire, Surrey and West Midlands) report that they add real value. Lay advisers will contribute to the review and monitoring of the MAPPA which is undertaken by each Area's Strategic Management Board - the work of which you can read more in this report. The purpose of appointing 'lay advisers' is to ensure that communities understand more of what is done to protect them and that those involved professionally with the MAPPA are aware of the views of the community. The lay advisers will not 'represent' the community in the way, for example, that local councillors do, nor will they be involved in operational decision-making. And, given the sensitivity of much of what the MAPPA does, especially with the few offenders who pose a very high risk of serious harm to the public, it is not practicable for the general public to be involved. Lay advisers will, however, ensure an appropriate and a practical level of community involvement. MAPPA Offenders This year the annual report provides a more detailed breakdown of the number of sexual and violent offenders who are covered by the MAPPA in your Area. As last year, the figures include the number of registered sex offenders. Because sex offender

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registration is for a minimum of 5 years (and generally for much longer) the figures are cumulative. This is why they have increased - by 16 per cent in England and Wales. Only a very small proportion (about six per cent throughout England and Wales) are considered to pose such a high risk or management difficulty that they are referred to the highest level of the MAPPA - the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (the MAPPP). Figures alone do not, of course, tell the whole story. The anonymised case studies illustrate the practical work of the MAPPA, and demonstrate the preventive action which can be taken. Prior to the MAPPA, action of this kind was mainly taken by one agency alone, with the effect that on occasion offenders' behaviour which might have triggered preventative action went unnoticed. The multi-agency approach of the MAPPA helps ensure that if an offender does breach the condition of the licence under which they were released from prison or a court order prohibiting certain activities, then action to enforce the condition or order and protect the public can be taken more swiftly. If you are interested in reading the reports of other Areas, they will be published on the National Probation Service's website www.probation.homeoffice.gov.uk (under the public protection section) with all of them being available once the last Area has published its annual report in September.

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Section C Area Summary
In Derbyshire, as elsewhere, serious sexual and violent crime is something that challenges us all. The reality of these crimes, and the fear they can cause affects victims, their families, and whole communities. Sometimes the harm caused, whether physical or mental, may be long lasting. And there is especial concern if the victims are children or other vulnerable people. It will never be possible to stop all crimes of this sort. But there are things that can be done. That is why Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements have been set up. The partner agencies involved in public protection work in Derbyshire each work in ways that can help to make our society and communities safer. Yet they have also recognised the greater benefits that come from working together. This happens not only in arrangements for public protection but through the Derbyshire Area Child Protection Committees and in the Local Authority based Crime & Disorder Partnerships also. Working together we can make a difference. Whilst the legislation that requires the Police and Probation Services in every Area of England and Wales to establish joint arrangements for assessing the risk posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders who may cause serious harm to the public is still fairly new, our arrangements are grounded in several years experience. Both the Police and Probation Services came to see that they could best achieve the goal of preventing crime and reducing re-offending if they worked more closely with each other, and with other partner agencies, including the Health and Social Services, and local authorities. In cases involving serious sexual or violent crime the Probation Service reached agreement with a number of other agencies to exchange information and hold meetings at which the risk of harm posed by particular

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offenders could be assessed. Following the Sex Offender Act 1997 the Police developed arrangements that included the Probation and Social Services, along with the NSPCC for discussing and reviewing the potential risks presented by persons subject to the notification requirements of the Act. As described in our first Annual Report last year these arrangements were then brought under the duty to establish public protection arrangements introduced by Sections 67 & 68 of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000. But in addition steps were taken through the creation of an Area-wide Multi Agency Public Protection Panel to bring in new arrangements to consider the highest risk 'critical few' offenders thought to pose the greatest or most immediate risk of causing serious harm; this Panel has now been in operation since January 2002. The roles of the partner agencies to the Panel are described in the next section. All the partners, and Victim Support Derbyshire are represented on the Strategic Management Group which oversees the work of the MAPPP, and increasingly of the MAPPA too. The equal contribution all these agencies, authorities and services and the contributions of members of the public, is vital for effective public protection. Within the Area this past year has seen:· the first full year of operation by the MAPPP. This has been seen to be effective in according priority to the potentially most dangerous offenders, though most work continues to be delivered through the wider public protection arrangements and the work of individual agencies · publication of the first annual report which helped to bring the arrangements to general public notice · the introduction by the Police of the new interim ViSOR (Violence and Sex Offender Register)

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database, improving the efficiency of recording sex offender registration information · the designation of four Dangerous Persons Management Units in each of the four Police Basic Command Units across the county · the development of 'floating support' schemes between two local authorities, other agencies and the non-statutory sector which helps to monitor and sustain the accommodation of higher risk offenders and other ex-offenders, amongst others · the launch of the ground-breaking Stop It Now! public health and awareness campaign to prevent child abuse · a rise in the number of sex offender registrations by 15%, with some reduction in the number of other sexual and violent offenders dealt with under the arrangements · a preliminary review of existing local arrangements in the light of experience to date, taking account of recommendations from national inspection reports and Further Guidance on MAPPA from the Home Office. What makes the difference in public protection are the connexions made and sustained locally. Further descriptions of our present arrangements are given in the sections of the report that follow.

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Section D: Multi Agency Public Protection What Part Do We All Play?
At present the Police and Probation Services are together the 'Responsible Authority' for establishing MAPPA, reviewing the effectiveness of the arrangements, and publishing this Annual Report. · ensuring that offenders are aware of the impact of their crimes on the victims and the public All Probation staff have a responsibility when working with offenders to remain vigilant to the continuing risk of re-offending and the potential for serious harm. With the most serious and potentially dangerous offenders the Service recognises that safe management and rehabilitation can only be achieved effectively through collaborative and co-operative joint arrangements. In pursuing the vision of a society with fewer victims the Service challenges offenders to face up to the harm they have caused to others, whilst engaging community involvement and support for measures which better secure rehabilitation and public protection. With an equal contribution to make the agencies additionally involved are:All the authorities have their own objectives and procedures to fulfil their duties for the housing of homeless people, the care of existing tenants and staff, and the protection of vulnerable groups. They have undertaken to ensure that people’s housing needs are relevantly assessed with the other MAPPA agencies to identify and manage the risks that particular individuals may pose to the community.

Derbyshire Constabulary
The protection of life and property is a fundamental aim and purpose of the Police Service. We care about the communities we serve, and work to achieve lasting solutions to problems that concern them. Our many Crime and Disorder Partnerships show how committed we are to providing locally-based policing services. The duty created by the Criminal Justice & Court Services Act to make arrangements for the assessment and management of the risks posed by sexual, violent and other offenders has built on existing partnerships. We aim to reduce crime and the fear of crime and disorder within the communities of Derbyshire by ensuring all relevant offenders comply with the Sex Offenders Act 1997.

Derby City Council
As a unitary authority Derby City Council exercises responsibility for a range of functions and services, some of which have a significant role to play in public protection. Whilst this might be from any of the Council’s Departments it is most likely to involve housing, leisure, education and legal responsibilities. Through its Social Services Department the city provides a range of services for individuals, both adults and children, including some who may be vulnerable. The City Council is committed to inter agency work around child protection, and the prevention of crime, including the management of potentially dangerous people through arrangements established for these purposes.

Derbyshire Borough and District Councils
(Amber Valley; Bolsover; Chesterfield; Derbyshire Dales; Erewash; High Peak; N.E. Derbyshire; South Derbyshire) Local councils with their various functions can play an important part in achieving public protection. The Derbyshire District Authorities have committed themselves to interagency work on child protection, crime prevention and the management of potentially dangerous people through public protection arrangements, by working alongside other agencies that make up the Area Child Protection Committee, Community Safety Boards and the MAPPP.

National Probation Service Derbyshire Area
The National Probation Service Derbyshire Area is a community correctional service committed to:· protecting the public · reducing re-offending · providing for the proper punishment of offenders in the community · operating and enforcing court orders and prison licences · rehabilitating offenders to live law abiding lives

Derby City, and Derbyshire County Youth Offending Services
Created as a result of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 the Youth Offending Services bring together professional skills from a range of agencies to tackle youth crime, focusing upon young offenders aged from 10 to 17 years. Using consistent approaches to assessment and management, and

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working with partner agencies the YOS aim to achieve effective interventions that reduce the likelihood of re-offending and address the causes of risk.

NSPCC
The NSPCC is a national charity working towards ending child cruelty. The DOVE Project in Derbyshire exists to protect children from sexual harm, and prevent the future sexual abuse of children. The Society is represented at all levels of the child protection networks in Derby and Derbyshire, and is a leading charity promoting the rights and interests of children nationally. The Project works in conjunction with the Probation Service and other agencies in providing an accredited community sex offender treatment programme. All services are provided within a child protection framework in which the safety of children is a paramount consideration. As well as providing treatment services the DOVE Project offers a Risk Assessment Service which is used by Health and Social Services. The NSPCC in Derbyshire also provides treatment services to address inappropriate sexual behaviour in children who have been victims of serious harm. Additionally the NSPCC manages the Stop It Now! Derby and Derbyshire Child Protection initiative. The strength of public protection arrangements comes from the distinct yet complementary and overlapping expertise provided by each of these partners. If new legislation is enacted, as seems likely, there will be a reciprocal duty to co-operate between these and other agencies including education authorities and electronic monitoring (tagging) providers.

Derbyshire County Council Social Services Dept
The County Council has a wide range of statutory responsibilities that involve the provision of a range of services which sustain and contribute to the quality of life for individuals, families and communities. The duties of the Social Services Department in particular includes services to vulnerable groups, both adult and children. These include services to the children in need and their families, older people, persons with disabilities and those with Mental Health needs. Such services balance the needs and wishes of individuals with the safety and interests of the wider community. As a corollary of the Departments role in working with other agencies through the Area Child Protection Committee there is a commitment to work together with others in the management of risk and for the protection of the public.

November 2002 saw the launch of Stop It Now! Derby/shire, with the support and endorsement, of, amongst others, the two Area Child Protection Committee and MAPPA partners. A forerunner of the national Stop It Now! campaign which will be rolled out across the UK in 2003, the campaign believes that sexual abuse is a preventable public health problem, and aims to stop child sexual abuse by encouraging abusers and potential abusers to seek help, and by giving adults the confidence they need to protect children effectively. Estimates of the extent of the sexual abuse of children vary, but a recent study into the incidence of abuse by the NSPCC suggests that 1 in 6 children are sexually abused, most of them by a family member or adult known to the child. Three quarters of those abused never told anyone about it during their childhood, and some never disclose at all. Stop IT Now! aims to take the burden of prevention off children’s shoulders and put it where it belongs, with adults. Stop It Now! Calls on: · adult abusers to recognise that their behaviour is harming a child and to stop - help is available · adults who have sexual thoughts about children or are using child pornography to seek help and advice · family and friends of abusers to recognise the signs of abusive behaviour in those close to them, and take action · parents of children and young people who sexually harm others to recognise the signs of abusive behaviour in their children and to take action

Derbyshire County Mental Health NHS Trust
The Mental Health Trust established in April 2002 is a major provider of specialist mental health and learning disability services throughout the county of Derbyshire: this includes some forensic services. The Trust seeks to provide a full range of quality mental health services that match the needs of users, carers and local communities. This includes the prevention of harm and self-harm, where it is committed to partnership approaches with other organisations.

MEMBERS of the PUBLIC
Members of the public can also make a contribution towards public protection.

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· communities of all races, cultures and religions to see child sexual abuse as a problem that affects everyone and to take positive actions to promote public education to protect it.

Insist on time alone with a child with no interruptions. · Spend most of their spare time with children and have little interest in spending time with people their own age. · Regularly offer to baby-sit children for free or take children on overnight outings alone. · Buy children expensive gifts or give them money for no apparent reason. · Frequently walk in on children/teenagers in the bathroom. · Treat a particular child as a favourite, making them feel 'special' compared with others in the family. · Pick on a particular child.

Source 'What We All Need To Know To Protect Our Children' STOP IT NOW! UK & Ireland Contact details for Stop It Now! Derby/shire are given at the end of this report. A freephone helpline is also available.

There may be cause for concern about the behaviour of an adult or young person if they:
· Refuse to allow a child sufficient privacy or to make their own decisions on personal matters. · Insist on physical affection such as kissing, hugging or wrestling even when the child clearly does not want it. · Are overly interested in the sexual development of a child or teenager.

Section E: How do Multi Agency Public Protection arrangements work?
The first foundation of effective public protection work is the accurate identification of relevant offenders. Research and experience shows us that past behaviour can help to predict future behaviour. So where someone has been convicted of a serious offence as defined in law, for example under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 or Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 it makes sense to assess whether there may be a risk of similar behaviour being repeated. All persons subject to the notification requirements of the Sex Offender Act come to the attention of the Police, and their details placed on record.

Sex Offender Registration
Who Is Covered? · Any person convicted or cautioned since 1 September 1997 for an offence listed under the Sex Offender Act 1997, or who was serving a community or custodial sentence for a relevant offence at that date. What Does It Involve? · The person must notify the Police in person within 3 days of the conviction (or release from prison) of their name, date of birth and home address at the time of conviction · They must also notify their current name (including other names

used) and main place of residence if different from the name and address at the time of conviction · If required, submit to having their fingerprints and photograph taken And further:· Notify any new change of name or address within 14 days · Tell the Police of any other address at which they stay for a total of 14 nights or more in a year · If going abroad for 8 days or more provide the dates of travel, with transport and accommodation details

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For How Long Does This Last? The period of registration depends upon the type and length of sentence, or caution given: · 30 months or more imprisonment - Indefinite · Hospital admission under Restriction Order - Indefinite · Less than 30 but more than 6 months imprisonment - 10 years · 6 months imprisonment or less - 7 years · Any other sentence (includes cautions) - 5 years Except for indefinite registrations all the above are halved for offenders aged 17 and under. To help assess the likelihood of any of these offenders re-offending they are all subject to a risk assessment using Risk Matrix 2000, which has been approved nationally for use by police services, and now also in use with the Probation and Prison services. Devised by Dr David Thornton, formerly principal psychologist with HM Prison Service this places offenders into one of four categories of risk according to the likelihood of re-conviction, ranging from low (1 in 10 likelihood) through to very high (6 in 10 likelihood). These are not predictions of individual behaviour but relate to groups of offenders with similar profiles, such as previous offending patterns. This calculation is then supplemented by an assessment visit to the offender’s home address where the registration details are confirmed and the effects of the notification requirements explained more fully. But good risk assessment also requires the exchange of

information. Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements allow this to happen. All newly registered offenders are reviewed at inter-agency meetings held every 3 months in each of the County's four Police Divisions. Information relevant to risk assessment and management is exchanged with the other agencies represented Probation, Social Services, Youth Offending Service, and the NSPCC DOVE Project. This may result in a revision of the original assessment and agreement on actions that are possible to manage any risks that have been identified. Every registered offender is then reviewed as frequently as necessary. A re-assessment visit will also be carried out to the offender’s notified address not less than yearly. This work is conducted by officers in each of the four Divisional Persons Management Units, who also assess any on-going intelligence that comes to notice. Of the 459 Registered Sex Offenders in Derbyshire at 31 March 2003 5% were classified as being a 'very high' risk; the great majority 74% were medium or low risk. Seven of the 459 were women. Where an offender fails to comply with the registration requirements they may be warned, or prosecuted in court. Twenty-one offenders were convicted for being in breach of the requirements during the past year. In the most serious cases this can result in a period of imprisonment. In other circumstances, where an offender may not have committed another offence, but his behaviour gives grounds for concern that the public needs to be protected from possible harm, an application may be made to the court for a Sex Offender Order. These orders contain prohibitions - for example not to frequent certain places, or to be alone with a child under a

stipulated age. One sex offender order was successfully applied for and obtained during the year, making a current total of 5 such orders in place in the city and county. Of the 378 persons known to the Probation Service during the year who came under the MAPPA duty because of their offence some 31% were regarded as posing a high or very high risk. The largest proportion - (42%) were seen as medium risk, and the remaining 27% lower risk. Accordingly offenders coming within the MAPPA duty are those most likely to be subject to joint agency meetings and planning. As a minimum this will involve the Probation and Police Services, with other agencies involved as needed. Where the prospective risk is presented by an offender due for release from prison after serving a sentence of 12 months or more information will be exchanged between the prison and probation services to assist with the planning for supervision after release. The Probation Service may for example request the inclusion of additional conditions in the release Licence that support public protection objectives. If the offender is being released from a prison in the East Midlands there is agreement regionally for prison staff to be invited to the inter agency meetings convened by the Probation Service. Other persons whose behaviour occasions concern may come to notice through involvement with the mental health services, where jointly with the Social Services their case will be managed under the Care Programme Approach (CPA). Where these persons have a background of sexual or violent offending they can be referred into the MAPPA. EF has served two sentences for serious sexual assaults against

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women, as well as having other convictions. He had been known to one of the victims, but was a stranger to the other. As a result of the second sentence he was subject to sex offender registration requirements indefinitely. EF was receiving treatment for mental health problems, made worse by alcohol misuse. His behaviour recurrently posed a nuisance particularly around the town centre where he lived, and was felt to hold the potential for more serious offending. Through work between the Police, Mental Health Services and the relevant local authority EF was re-located to another address where his activities could more readily be monitored, and support measures taken to stabilise his behaviour, which included drawing in the resources of the non-statutory sector. This appears to have been successful in reducing the chances of more offences. For those offenders who pose the greatest potential concern a referral can be progressed through the partner agencies and joint agency arrangements to the Area Multi Agency Public Protection Panel. The Panel meets monthly. It comprises senior operational managers from the core agencies - Police; Probation; Youth Offending Services; Social Services; Mental Health Services; the District (Housing) Authorities, and the NSPCC. The Panel is chaired independently by the MAPPP Manager. Criteria for taking a case to the MAPPP are that: · there is a demonstrated propensity to cause serious harm, whether physical or psychological · a likelihood of further significant harm seems imminent

· extra resources from the different agencies need to be considered and co-ordinated to deal with the risk(s) identified · there are substantial victim or community concerns · there is press interest in the case · the assessment or management of risk requires the engagement of other agencies not routinely involved in public protection work During 2002/03 28 cases were considered by the Panel. When a case is referred the Panel makes a decision on whether it should be registered on the basis of the risk assessment and other information about known victim or community concerns. At 31 March 2003 17 cases were registered. Out of all the cases covered by the MAPPA the ones registered with the Panel are those where the risk of harm is felt to be greatest or the most imminent. All registered cases have a nominated lead agency and key worker responsible for co-ordinating the risk management plan. Registered cases are subject to continuing scheduled reviews. For the Police the structure of these multi agency arrangements replicate the National Intelligence Model that shapes operational policing objectives and priorities. The referral of an offender to the MAPPP for example, may result in referral to the Level 1 Tasking and Co-ordination process (or Force Tasking and Co-ordination, if appropriate). In these cases senior officers can decide upon courses of action designed to reduce the risk posed by the particular individual, and agree the allocation of available resources. Nothing under public protection arrangements diminishes the responsibility of an individual offender not to re-offend, and nor is

it the purpose of these arrangements to mark particular offenders out for social exclusion. The aim is to promote specific measures to strengthen the offender’s self-controls, in combination with external controls that can be applied. Public protection is most likely to be achieved when these internal and external controls are brought together, with the external controls targetting immediate public protection needs whilst progressively re-inforcing and enhancing the offenders own motivation and reasons for not re-offending. Examples of external controls are the notification requirements of the Sex Offender Act, or the frequency of reporting to the Probation or Youth Offending Services in accordance with the national standards set down for this purpose. And where the offender is under supervision, and particularly following release from a custodial sentence there may also be requirements to participate in programmes to reduce re-offending; to address substance misuse; not to approach or contact named victims, or enter certain areas. Some offenders may also be subject to electronic monitoring (tagging) conditions. The Community Sex Offender Groupwork Programme (C-SOGP) is a nationally accredited programme approved for use in community settings with male offenders aged 21+ convicted of contact or non-contact sexual offences against adult or child victims. Based on research into what works to prevent sexual re-offending the C-SOGP involves identifying how the thoughts, attitudes and emotional responses of sex offenders link to their abusive behaviour.

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Attendance is enforced as a condition of a Community Rehabilitation Order, or Licence after release from prison. Most offenders commencing the programme must attend 240 hours of structured groupwork over a period of 2 years or more for treatment to be achieved. Offenders who present a lower level of deviance and risk of harm to victims may alternatively be admitted to a shorter 100 hour programme, whilst those who have acceptably completed a Sex Offenders Treatment Programme during a prison sentence may attend a Relapse Prevention Group. In all cases the offender has to undertake individual work connected to the programme with a supervising Probation Officer. At the end of the group programme offenders draw up an action plan to take responsibility for preventing their own risks of re-offending. Where an offender does not comply with standard or additional requirements, action is taken through the Courts or Home Office Sentence Enforcement Unit. This can result in the offender being resentenced or recalled to prison to serve the remaining period of the original sentence. The enforcement practice of the National Probation Service in Derbyshire remains one of the most rigorous in the country. A man with a history of convictions, CD was released from prison after serving a substantial sentence for sexual violence against a former partner. On returning to the community he was under supervision to the Probation Service, and subject to sex offender registration with the Police. Although convicted for a sexual offence CD did not count himself a 'sex offender' but expressed hostility towards those he thought were.

Because he had previously assaulted a resident he suspected of being a sex offender it was not considered safe to direct him to live at a Probation Hostel. He was therefore released to the address of an extended family member, subject to specific supervision conditions. Whilst he complied with the contact and reporting requirements CD failed to report that he was developing a relationship with a single parent, and was dishonest when challenged about this following information being shared between the Probation and Police. As the result of a request from the Probation Service to the Sentence Enforcement Unit he was recalled to prison. Under public protection arrangements any assessment of risk must take account of the rights and responsibilities of victims, members of the public who might become victims of crime and the offender. If an offender has been sentenced to twelve months imprisonment or more any views that victims express will be considered when release conditions are being decided. Prevention of re-victimisation is accorded a very high priority. Where other persons are potentially at risk of harm it may be necessary to consider disclosing information about the offender, though such a step is exceptional and will only be taken if it is the only way of preventing the serious harm from happening. Before this step is taken an offender may be warned that disclosure will take place if this will deter the behaviour. Issues of potential disclosure are most likely to arise in cases considered by the MAPPP, where the discussion of registered cases specifically addresses this issue. If disclosure is thought to be necessary, proportionate and lawful a recommendation can be made for final decision by an Assistant Chief Constable.

Each decision on disclosure has to be justified on the basis of the likelihood of harm that might result from non-disclosure, and where a disclosure is made the agencies seek to give advice and assistance to the recipient. Following conviction outside Derbyshire for a relevant offence AB became subject to the notification requirements of the Sex Offender Act. Some time afterwards he returned to the county, where he resumed contact with his former family, this included accompanying his child to church services, and activities. As well as ensuring that the Social Services Department were informed so that an assessment could be made with the family, the Police officer responsible for monitoring the registration requirements advised AB that he should take upon himself the responsibility of making his status known to the church authorities, as an alternative to possible disclosure. In response to the information they sought a meeting at which an agreement was drawn up in line with the recommendations of a number of faith groups and demonstrational bodies, which place limits AB's activities and allowed for information about any matter of concern to be made known to the police.

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Section F: Taking account of victims
Over recent years there has been a growing emphasis on the needs and rights of victims within the criminal justice process. Free and confidential assistance is available to people affected by crime through Victim Support, an independent organisation and national charity, with a locally based Area organisation. Trained staff and volunteers at local branches offer information to victims, witnesses, their families and friends. The Victims Charter (1996) committed the Police to keep victims informed of substantial developments in a case concerning them. During this last year the responsibility for notifying victims has been taken over by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS). The Police maintain a commitment to victims in a number of ways, however. This includes making provision for victims voluntarily to provide Personal Statements on how they have been affected by a crime for the information of the court, and keeping victims informed of police bail decisions. Under Section 69 of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 a duty was placed upon the Probation Service to contact the victims of those offenders subject to a court sentence or disposal bringing them within the scope of multi agency public protection arrangements. The Probation Service in Derbyshire has established a dedicated Victim Liaison Team with staff based in Derby and Chesterfield who contact the victims of sexual and violent offenders to see if they wish to be kept informed of the progress of sentence, or consulted about conditions that may be attached to a prisoner’s release. Information about victims is kept separate from an offender’s records, but the Liaison Officers can convey views or information from the victim to the Probation Officer who has responsibility for advising the Parole Board or prisons about sentence and resettlement planning, including conditions that may be added to a post-release Licence. Breach of such conditions constitute grounds for a recall to prison. Liaison Officers keep victims informed, in turn, at significant stages during the sentence. The work of Victim Liaison Officers extends to the victims of the small number of offenders given sentences of a year or more who are the responsibility of the Youth Offending Services. Information from victims can add substantially to a risk assessment, particularly where the offender was previously known to them. In Derbyshire more than 4 out of every 5 victims are contacted within 8 weeks of sentence under these arrangements.

Section G: Who is responsible for MAPPA?
When the Area Multi Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) was set up new Strategic Management Arrangements were established to oversee its operation. This brings together representatives of the key partner agencies, and provides overall direction to public protection work on behalf of the Responsible Authority. The main functions of the Management Group are: · strategic management planning and review · policy formulation · financial & budgeting planning and control for the MAPPP · public information and media communications · a forum to resolve any differences that arise between partnership agencies · complaints · publication of the Annual Report Chaired by the Deputy Chief Constable the Management Group has met regularly over the past year. The other members are: · Derbyshire District Authorities Housing Services Manager · Derby City Council (Assistant) Director of Social Services · Derby City & Derbyshire County Youth Offending Services Head of City Youth Offending Service · Derbyshire County Council (Assistant) Director of Social Services

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· Derbyshire County Mental Health NHS Trust Director · National Probation Service Chief Officer · NSPCC Area Childrens Services Manager · Victim Support Derbyshire Area Manager This year the Strategic Management Group has conducted a preliminary review of the main joint agency arrangements through which registered sex offenders and other potentially violent or dangerous offenders may be managed. This has included looking at the consistency of assessment across the Area. It is upon the quality of these underpinning arrangements that the work of the MAPPP relies. In so doing the SMG has started to extend its view from the MAPPP to the broader systems for managing all offenders who come within the statutory duty, which have so far been under the lead of individual agencies. As a basis for taking the arrangements forward the SMG initiated a consultation seminar in January 2003, attended by members of the core agencies and others, which was helpful in identifying potential areas for further development, taking account of experience to date, and emerging proposals from the Home Office. This will provide a focus for further work during the forthcoming year, and beyond. Additionally the SMG has received operational reports on the MAPPP, and taken steps to ensure information is relevantly exchanged. Certain matters have been referred for the notice of the Public Protection Unit at the Home Office.

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Statistical Information
i. The number of registered sex offenders on 31 March 2003

No. of Offenders
459

ii.

The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003

21

iii.

The number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for and gained between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003

a)

The total number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for

1

b)

The total number granted

1

c)

The total number not granted

0

iv.

The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 for offenders currently managed within MAPPA

0

v.

The number of violent and other sexual offenders considered under MAPPA during the year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 (as defined by section 68 [3], [4] and [5])

378

vi. The number of ‘other offenders’ dealt with under MAPPA during the year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 as being assessed by the Responsible Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public (but who did not fall within either of the other two categories, as defined by s.67 [2b])

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vii. For each of the three categories of offenders covered by the MAPPA (‘registered sex offenders’, ‘violent and other sex offenders’ and ‘other offenders’), identify the number of offenders that are or have been dealt with by:

a)

MAPPP - registered sex offenders

16

b)

MAPPP - violent and other sex offenders

9

c)

MAPPP - other offenders

3

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viii. Of the cases managed by the MAPPP during the reporting year what was the number of offenders:

a)

who were returned to custody for breach of licence

2

b)

who were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining Order or Sex Offender Order

0

c)

charged with a serious sexual or violent crime

0

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Contacts
Multi Agency Public Protection Panel MAPPP Manager Address c/o Derbyshire Constabulary Crime Support Dept. Butterley Hall RIPLEY Derbyshire DE5 3RS Phone 01773 572241

Derbyshire Probation Area Assistant Chief Officer

Address Derbyshire Area Headquarters 18 Brunswood Road MATLOCK BATH Derbyshire DE4 3PA

Phone 01629 57692

Derbyshire Probation Area Head of Crime Support

Address Derbyshire Constabulary HQ Butterley Hall RIPLEY Derbyshire DE5 3RS

Phone 01773 572115

Victim Support Derbyshire Area Manager

Address Room 10 Kings Chambers Queen Street, Derby DE1 2XE

Phone 01332 349129

Stop It Now! Derby/shire

Address NSPCC Friary Works 119 Friargate Derby DE1 1EX

Phone 01332 3745560

Derbyshire Co-ordinator

Stop It Now! Freephone Helpline 0808 1000 900

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Derbyshire Constabulary