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Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Annual Report 2002–3


By Paul Goggins, Parliamentary Under-Secretary

for Community and Custodial provision in the
Home Office.
As the recently appointed Minister with responsibility
for the MAPPA, I am pleased to introduce this, the
second, annual MAPPA report. It is clear that in the
last year (2002/3) the multi-agency public protection
arrangements (the MAPPA) continued to play an
important role in what remains one of this
government's highest priorities - the protection of the
public from dangerous offenders.
As someone with many years experience of working in
the field of child protection, I am particularly impressed
by the important contribution the MAPPA are making to
strengthen collaboration between agencies at a local
level where the focus is on the dangerous offender.
These improvements must, however, impact on the
protection of children. As the tragic death of Victoria
Climbie showed, an effective multi-agency partnership
is crucial and the MAPPA are an important element.
To ensure greater consistency in the MAPPA across
the 42 Areas of England and Wales, and to prepare for
the implementation of measures contained in the
Criminal Justice Bill, we published the MAPPA
Guidance in April. Building on good practice, that
Guidance clarified the structure of the operational
arrangements as well as the importance of formal
review and monitoring - of which this annual report is a
vital part. The Criminal Justice Bill will strengthen the
MAPPA in two ways. First, it will make the involvement
of other agencies part of the statutory framework.
Second, it will introduce the involvement of lay people -
those unconnected with day-to-day operation of the
MAPPA - in reviewing and monitoring the MAPPA.
Annual reports and this new lay involvement show the
Government's commitment to explaining how the
often sensitive and complex work of public protection
is undertaken.

The Government is also strengthening the protection of

the public with other measures in the Criminal Justice
Bill. They include new sentences for dangerous
offenders to prevent their release if they continue to be
dangerous. Additionally, the Sexual Offences Bill will
tighten up sex offender registration, introduce a new
offence of 'grooming', and enable sex offender orders
to be imposed on violent offenders who pose a risk of
causing serious sexual harm - thereby extending sex
offender registration to them.
I commend this report to you and congratulate all the
agencies and individuals who have contributed to the
achievement of the MAPPA locally in your local Area.

Paul Goggins

The National Picture

This section of the report draws attention to wider

context of the operation and development of the Multi-
Agency Public Protection Arrangements (the MAPPA).
The most important work undertaken within the MAPPA
is done locally, led by the police and probation - who
act jointly as the 'Responsible Authority' in your Area -
and in each of the 42 Areas of England and Wales.
The experience and good practice upon which this
work is based began in the 1990s - most significantly
as a result of the closer working relationship required
by the Sex Offender Act (1997). The Criminal Justice
and Courts Services Act (2000) formalised that
relationship and built on the existing experience by
requiring the police and probation services to establish
arrangements (the MAPPA) for assessing and
managing the risks posed by sexual and violent
offenders. The Act also required the Responsible
Authority to publish an annual report on the operation
of those arrangements. This report, covering April 2002
to March 2003, is the second annual report.
The importance of partnership
Key to the development of the MAPPA in the past year
has been the closer involvement of other agencies,
such as housing, health and social services, working
alongside police and probation. The truly multi-agency
nature of the MAPPA and the collaboration which
underpins it is to be strengthened further by the
Criminal Justice Bill. The Bill will place a 'duty to co-
operate' on a wide range of organisations including
local health authorities and trusts; housing authorities
and registered social landlords; social services
departments; Jobcentres; Youth Offending Teams; and
local education authorities. In addition, the Prison
Service will join the police and probation services and
become part of the MAPPA 'Responsible Authority'.
Supporting and co-ordinating the development of the
MAPPA throughout the 42 Areas of England and
Wales, is the National Probation Directorate's Public

Protection Unit (PPU). This Unit acts as a central point

for advice and, increasingly, involvement in the
management of difficult cases. These include, for
example, UK citizens who have committed serious
offences abroad and return to this country without
anywhere to live. The Unit is also able to provide
financial support when the risk management plans
make exceptional demands upon local resources.
Involving the public
MAPPA developments in the next 18 months will also
include the appointment by the Home Secretary of two
'lay advisers' to each Area. The eight Areas of England
and Wales which have been piloting these
arrangements since January (Cumbria, Greater
Manchester, Durham, South Wales, Dorset,
Hampshire, Surrey and West Midlands) report that
they add real value. Lay advisers will contribute to the
review and monitoring of the MAPPA which is
undertaken by each Area's Strategic Management
Board - the work of which you can read more in
this report.
The purpose of appointing 'lay advisers' is to ensure
that communities understand more of what is done to
protect them and that those involved professionally
with the MAPPA are aware of the views of the
community. The lay advisers will not 'represent' the
community in the way, for example, that local
councillors do, nor will they be involved in operational
decision-making. And, given the sensitivity of much of
what the MAPPA does, especially with the few
offenders who pose a very high risk of serious harm
to the public, it is not practicable for the general public
to be involved. Lay advisers will, however, ensure
an appropriate and a practical level of
community involvement.
MAPPA Offenders
This year the annual report provides a more detailed
breakdown of the number of sexual and violent
offenders who are covered by the MAPPA in your
Area. As last year, the figures include the number of
registered sex offenders. Because sex offender

registration is for a minimum of 5 years (and generally

for much longer) the figures are cumulative. This is
why they have increased - by 16 per cent in England
and Wales. Only a very small proportion (about six per
cent throughout England and Wales) are considered
to pose such a high risk or management difficulty that
they are referred to the highest level of the
MAPPA - the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels
(the MAPPP).
Figures alone do not, of course, tell the whole story.
The anonymised case studies illustrate the practical
work of the MAPPA, and demonstrate the preventive
action which can be taken. Prior to the MAPPA, action
of this kind was mainly taken by one agency alone,
with the effect that on occasion offenders' behaviour
which might have triggered preventative action went
unnoticed. The multi-agency approach of the MAPPA
helps ensure that if an offender does breach the
condition of the licence under which they were
released from prison or a court order prohibiting certain
activities, then action to enforce the condition or order
and protect the public can be taken more swiftly.
If you are interested in reading the reports of other
Areas, they will be published on the National Probation
Service's website
(under the public protection section) with all of them
being available once the last Area has published its
annual report in September.

Section C Area Summary

In Derbyshire, as elsewhere, serious sexual and violent

crime is something that challenges us all. The reality of
these crimes, and the fear they can cause affects
victims, their families, and whole communities.
Sometimes the harm caused, whether physical or
mental, may be long lasting. And there is especial
concern if the victims are children or other
vulnerable people.
It will never be possible to stop all crimes of this sort.
But there are things that can be done. That is why
Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements have
been set up. The partner agencies involved in public
protection work in Derbyshire each work in ways that
can help to make our society and communities safer.
Yet they have also recognised the greater benefits that
come from working together. This happens not only in
arrangements for public protection but through the
Derbyshire Area Child Protection Committees and
in the Local Authority based Crime & Disorder
Partnerships also. Working together we can make
a difference.
Whilst the legislation that requires the Police and
Probation Services in every Area of England and
Wales to establish joint arrangements for assessing the
risk posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous
offenders who may cause serious harm to the public is
still fairly new, our arrangements are grounded in
several years experience.
Both the Police and Probation Services came to see
that they could best achieve the goal of preventing
crime and reducing re-offending if they worked more
closely with each other, and with other partner
agencies, including the Health and Social Services,
and local authorities.
In cases involving serious sexual or violent crime the
Probation Service reached agreement with a number
of other agencies to exchange information and hold
meetings at which the risk of harm posed by particular

offenders could be assessed. Following the Sex

Offender Act 1997 the Police developed arrangements
that included the Probation and Social Services, along
with the NSPCC for discussing and reviewing the
potential risks presented by persons subject to the
notification requirements of the Act.
As described in our first Annual Report last year these
arrangements were then brought under the duty to
establish public protection arrangements introduced by
Sections 67 & 68 of the Criminal Justice and Court
Services Act 2000. But in addition steps were taken
through the creation of an Area-wide Multi Agency
Public Protection Panel to bring in new arrangements
to consider the highest risk 'critical few' offenders
thought to pose the greatest or most immediate risk of
causing serious harm; this Panel has now been in
operation since January 2002. The roles of the
partner agencies to the Panel are described in the
next section.
All the partners, and Victim Support Derbyshire are
represented on the Strategic Management Group
which oversees the work of the MAPPP, and
increasingly of the MAPPA too. The equal contribution
all these agencies, authorities and services and the
contributions of members of the public, is vital for
effective public protection.
Within the Area this past year has seen:-
· the first full year of operation by the MAPPP. This
has been seen to be effective in according priority
to the potentially most dangerous offenders, though
most work continues to be delivered through the
wider public protection arrangements and the work
of individual agencies
· publication of the first annual report which helped to
bring the arrangements to general public notice
· the introduction by the Police of the new interim
ViSOR (Violence and Sex Offender Register)

database, improving the efficiency of recording sex

offender registration information
· the designation of four Dangerous Persons
Management Units in each of the four Police Basic
Command Units across the county
· the development of 'floating support' schemes
between two local authorities, other agencies and
the non-statutory sector which helps to monitor and
sustain the accommodation of higher risk offenders
and other ex-offenders, amongst others
· the launch of the ground-breaking Stop It Now!
public health and awareness campaign to prevent
child abuse
· a rise in the number of sex offender registrations
by 15%, with some reduction in the number of
other sexual and violent offenders dealt with under
the arrangements
· a preliminary review of existing local arrangements
in the light of experience to date, taking account of
recommendations from national inspection reports
and Further Guidance on MAPPA from the
Home Office.
What makes the difference in public protection are the
connexions made and sustained locally. Further
descriptions of our present arrangements are given in
the sections of the report that follow.

Section D: Multi Agency Public Protection

What Part Do We All Play?
At present the Police and Probation · ensuring that offenders are aware All the authorities have their own
Services are together the of the impact of their crimes on objectives and procedures to
'Responsible Authority' for the victims and the public fulfil their duties for the housing
establishing MAPPA, reviewing the of homeless people, the care of
effectiveness of the arrangements, All Probation staff have a existing tenants and staff, and
and publishing this Annual Report. responsibility when working with the protection of vulnerable groups.
offenders to remain vigilant to the They have undertaken to ensure
Derbyshire Constabulary continuing risk of re-offending and that people’s housing needs are
the potential for serious harm. With relevantly assessed with the
The protection of life and property is the most serious and potentially other MAPPA agencies to identify
a fundamental aim and purpose of dangerous offenders the Service and manage the risks that
the Police Service. We care about recognises that safe management particular individuals may pose to
the communities we serve, and work and rehabilitation can only be the community.
to achieve lasting solutions to achieved effectively through
problems that concern them. Our collaborative and co-operative Derby City Council
many Crime and Disorder joint arrangements.
Partnerships show how committed As a unitary authority Derby City
we are to providing locally-based In pursuing the vision of a society Council exercises responsibility for a
policing services. The duty created with fewer victims the Service range of functions and services,
by the Criminal Justice & Court challenges offenders to face up to some of which have a significant
Services Act to make arrangements the harm they have caused to role to play in public protection.
for the assessment and others, whilst engaging community Whilst this might be from any of the
management of the risks posed by involvement and support for Council’s Departments it is most
sexual, violent and other offenders measures which better secure likely to involve housing, leisure,
has built on existing partnerships. rehabilitation and public protection. education and legal responsibilities.
We aim to reduce crime and the fear
of crime and disorder within the With an equal contribution to Through its Social Services
communities of Derbyshire by make the agencies additionally Department the city provides a
ensuring all relevant offenders involved are:- range of services for individuals,
comply with the Sex Offenders both adults and children, including
Act 1997. Derbyshire Borough and some who may be vulnerable. The
District Councils City Council is committed to inter
National Probation Service - agency work around child protection,
(Amber Valley; Bolsover; and the prevention of crime,
Derbyshire Area
Chesterfield; Derbyshire Dales; including the management of
Erewash; High Peak; N.E. potentially dangerous people
The National Probation Service
Derbyshire; South Derbyshire) through arrangements established
Derbyshire Area is a community
for these purposes.
correctional service committed to:-
Local councils with their various
· protecting the public functions can play an important part Derby City, and Derbyshire
in achieving public protection. The County Youth Offending
· reducing re-offending Derbyshire District Authorities have Services
committed themselves to inter-
· providing for the proper agency work on child protection, Created as a result of the Crime and
punishment of offenders in the crime prevention and the Disorder Act 1998 the Youth
community management of potentially Offending Services bring together
dangerous people through public professional skills from a range of
· operating and enforcing court protection arrangements, by working agencies to tackle youth crime,
orders and prison licences alongside other agencies that make focusing upon young offenders aged
up the Area Child Protection from 10 to 17 years. Using
· rehabilitating offenders to live Committee, Community Safety consistent approaches to
law abiding lives Boards and the MAPPP. assessment and management, and

working with partner agencies the NSPCC November 2002 saw the launch of
YOS aim to achieve effective Stop It Now! Derby/shire, with the
interventions that reduce the The NSPCC is a national charity support and endorsement, of,
likelihood of re-offending and working towards ending child cruelty. amongst others, the two Area Child
address the causes of risk. The DOVE Project in Derbyshire Protection Committee and MAPPA
exists to protect children from sexual partners. A forerunner of the
Derbyshire County Council harm, and prevent the future sexual national Stop It Now! campaign
Social Services Dept abuse of children. The Society is which will be rolled out across the
represented at all levels of the child UK in 2003, the campaign believes
The County Council has a wide protection networks in Derby and that sexual abuse is a preventable
range of statutory responsibilities Derbyshire, and is a leading charity public health problem, and aims to
that involve the provision of a range promoting the rights and interests of stop child sexual abuse by
of services which sustain and children nationally. The Project encouraging abusers and potential
contribute to the quality of life works in conjunction with the abusers to seek help, and by giving
for individuals, families Probation Service and other adults the confidence they need to
and communities. agencies in providing an protect children effectively.
accredited community sex offender
The duties of the Social Services treatment programme. Estimates of the extent of the sexual
Department in particular includes abuse of children vary, but a recent
services to vulnerable groups, both All services are provided within study into the incidence of abuse by
adult and children. These include a child protection framework in the NSPCC suggests that 1 in 6
services to the children in need and which the safety of children is a children are sexually abused, most
their families, older people, persons paramount consideration. of them by a family member or adult
with disabilities and those with known to the child. Three quarters of
Mental Health needs. Such services As well as providing treatment those abused never told anyone
balance the needs and wishes of services the DOVE Project offers a about it during their childhood, and
individuals with the safety and Risk Assessment Service which is some never disclose at all.
interests of the wider community. used by Health and Social Services.
Stop IT Now! aims to take the
As a corollary of the Departments The NSPCC in Derbyshire also burden of prevention off children’s
role in working with other agencies provides treatment services to shoulders and put it where it
through the Area Child Protection address inappropriate sexual belongs, with adults.
Committee there is a commitment to behaviour in children who have been
work together with others in the victims of serious harm. Stop It Now! Calls on:
management of risk and for the
protection of the public. Additionally the NSPCC manages · adult abusers to recognise that
the Stop It Now! Derby and their behaviour is harming a child
Derbyshire County Mental Derbyshire Child Protection initiative. and to stop - help is available
Health NHS Trust The strength of public protection · adults who have sexual thoughts
arrangements comes from the about children or are using
The Mental Health Trust established
distinct yet complementary and child pornography to seek help
in April 2002 is a major provider of
overlapping expertise provided by and advice
specialist mental health and learning
each of these partners. If new
disability services throughout the
legislation is enacted, as seems · family and friends of abusers to
county of Derbyshire: this includes
likely, there will be a reciprocal duty recognise the signs of abusive
some forensic services. The Trust
to co-operate between these and behaviour in those close to them,
seeks to provide a full range of
other agencies including education and take action
quality mental health services that
authorities and electronic monitoring
match the needs of users, carers
(tagging) providers. · parents of children and young
and local communities. This includes
people who sexually harm others
the prevention of harm and
self-harm, where it is committed to MEMBERS of the PUBLIC to recognise the signs of abusive
behaviour in their children and to
partnership approaches with
Members of the public can also take action
other organisations.
make a contribution towards
public protection.

· communities of all races, cultures Insist on time alone with a child Source
and religions to see child sexual with no interruptions.
abuse as a problem that affects 'What We All Need To Know To
everyone and to take positive · Spend most of their spare time Protect Our Children'
actions to promote public with children and have little STOP IT NOW! UK & Ireland
education to protect it. interest in spending time with
people their own age. Contact details for Stop It Now!
There may be cause for Derby/shire are given at the end of
· Regularly offer to baby-sit
concern about the behaviour this report. A freephone helpline is
children for free or take children
also available.
of an adult or young person on overnight outings alone.
if they:
· Buy children expensive gifts
· Refuse to allow a child sufficient or give them money for no
privacy or to make their own apparent reason.
decisions on personal matters. · Frequently walk in on
children/teenagers in the
· Insist on physical affection such bathroom.
as kissing, hugging or wrestling
even when the child clearly does · Treat a particular child as a
not want it. favourite, making them feel
'special' compared with others in
· Are overly interested in the the family.
sexual development of a child
or teenager. · Pick on a particular child.

Section E: How do Multi Agency Public Protection

arrangements work?
The first foundation of effective Sex Offender Registration used) and main place of
public protection work is the residence if different from the
accurate identification of Who Is Covered? name and address at the time
relevant offenders. of conviction
· Any person convicted or
Research and experience shows us cautioned since 1 September · If required, submit to having their
that past behaviour can help to 1997 for an offence listed under fingerprints and photograph taken
predict future behaviour. So where the Sex Offender Act 1997, or
someone has been convicted of a who was serving a community or And further:-
serious offence as defined in law, for custodial sentence for a relevant
example under the Sex Offenders offence at that date. · Notify any new change of name
Act 1997 or Powers of Criminal or address within 14 days
What Does It Involve?
Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 it
makes sense to assess whether · The person must notify the Police · Tell the Police of any other
there may be a risk of similar in person within 3 days of the address at which they stay for
behaviour being repeated. conviction (or release from prison) a total of 14 nights or more in
of their name, date of birth and a year
All persons subject to the home address at the time
notification requirements of the of conviction · If going abroad for 8 days or
Sex Offender Act come to the more provide the dates of travel,
attention of the Police, and their · They must also notify their current with transport and
details placed on record. name (including other names accommodation details

For How Long Does This Last? information. Multi Agency Public stipulated age. One sex offender
Protection Arrangements allow this order was successfully applied for
The period of registration depends to happen. All newly registered and obtained during the year,
upon the type and length of offenders are reviewed at making a current total of 5 such
sentence, or caution given: inter-agency meetings held every orders in place in the city
3 months in each of the County's and county.
· 30 months or more imprisonment four Police Divisions. Information
- Indefinite relevant to risk assessment and Of the 378 persons known to the
management is exchanged with the Probation Service during the year
· Hospital admission under
other agencies represented - who came under the MAPPA duty
Restriction Order - Indefinite
Probation, Social Services, Youth because of their offence some 31%
· Less than 30 but more than Offending Service, and the NSPCC were regarded as posing a high or
6 months imprisonment - 10 years DOVE Project. This may result in a very high risk. The largest proportion
revision of the original assessment - (42%) were seen as medium risk,
· 6 months imprisonment or less and agreement on actions that are and the remaining 27% lower risk.
- 7 years possible to manage any risks that
have been identified. Accordingly offenders coming within
· Any other sentence the MAPPA duty are those most
(includes cautions) - 5 years Every registered offender is then likely to be subject to joint agency
reviewed as frequently as meetings and planning. As a
Except for indefinite registrations all necessary. A re-assessment visit will minimum this will involve the
the above are halved for offenders also be carried out to the offender’s Probation and Police Services, with
aged 17 and under. notified address not less than yearly. other agencies involved as needed.
This work is conducted by officers in
each of the four Divisional Persons Where the prospective risk is
To help assess the likelihood of any Management Units, who also assess presented by an offender due for
of these offenders re-offending they any on-going intelligence that comes release from prison after serving a
are all subject to a risk assessment to notice. sentence of 12 months or more
using Risk Matrix 2000, which has information will be exchanged
been approved nationally for use by Of the 459 Registered Sex between the prison and probation
police services, and now also in use Offenders in Derbyshire at 31 March services to assist with the planning
with the Probation and Prison 2003 5% were classified as being a for supervision after release. The
services. Devised by Dr David 'very high' risk; the great majority - Probation Service may for example
Thornton, formerly principal 74% were medium or low risk. request the inclusion of additional
psychologist with HM Prison Service Seven of the 459 were women. conditions in the release Licence
this places offenders into one of four that support public protection
categories of risk according to the Where an offender fails to comply objectives. If the offender is being
likelihood of re-conviction, ranging with the registration requirements released from a prison in the East
from low (1 in 10 likelihood) through they may be warned, or prosecuted Midlands there is agreement
to very high (6 in 10 likelihood). in court. Twenty-one offenders were regionally for prison staff to be
These are not predictions of convicted for being in breach of the invited to the inter agency meetings
individual behaviour but relate to requirements during the past year. convened by the Probation Service.
groups of offenders with similar In the most serious cases this can
profiles, such as previous result in a period of imprisonment. Other persons whose behaviour
offending patterns. occasions concern may come to
In other circumstances, where an notice through involvement with the
This calculation is then offender may not have committed mental health services, where jointly
supplemented by an assessment another offence, but his behaviour with the Social Services their case
visit to the offender’s home address gives grounds for concern that the will be managed under the Care
where the registration details are public needs to be protected from Programme Approach (CPA). Where
confirmed and the effects of the possible harm, an application may these persons have a background of
notification requirements explained be made to the court for a Sex sexual or violent offending they can
more fully. Offender Order. These orders be referred into the MAPPA.
contain prohibitions - for example
But good risk assessment also not to frequent certain places, or to EF has served two sentences for
requires the exchange of be alone with a child under a serious sexual assaults against

women, as well as having other · extra resources from the different it the purpose of these
convictions. He had been known to agencies need to be considered arrangements to mark particular
one of the victims, but was a and co-ordinated to deal with the offenders out for social exclusion.
stranger to the other. As a result of risk(s) identified The aim is to promote specific
the second sentence he was subject measures to strengthen the
to sex offender registration · there are substantial victim or offender’s self-controls, in
requirements indefinitely. community concerns combination with external controls
that can be applied. Public
EF was receiving treatment for · there is press interest in the case protection is most likely to be
mental health problems, made achieved when these internal and
worse by alcohol misuse. His · the assessment or management external controls are brought
behaviour recurrently posed a of risk requires the engagement of together, with the external controls
nuisance particularly around the other agencies not routinely targetting immediate public
town centre where he lived, and was involved in public protection work protection needs whilst progressively
felt to hold the potential for more re-inforcing and enhancing the
serious offending. Through work During 2002/03 28 cases were offenders own motivation and
between the Police, Mental Health considered by the Panel. When a reasons for not re-offending.
Services and the relevant local case is referred the Panel makes a
authority EF was re-located to decision on whether it should be Examples of external controls are
another address where his activities registered on the basis of the risk the notification requirements of the
could more readily be monitored, assessment and other information Sex Offender Act, or the frequency
and support measures taken to about known victim or community of reporting to the Probation or
stabilise his behaviour, which concerns. At 31 March 2003 17 Youth Offending Services in
included drawing in the resources of cases were registered. Out of all the accordance with the national
the non-statutory sector. This cases covered by the MAPPA the standards set down for this purpose.
appears to have been successful ones registered with the Panel are
those where the risk of harm is felt And where the offender is under
in reducing the chances of
to be greatest or the most imminent. supervision, and particularly
more offences.
All registered cases have a following release from a custodial
nominated lead agency and key sentence there may also be
For those offenders who pose the
worker responsible for co-ordinating requirements to participate in
greatest potential concern a referral
the risk management plan. programmes to reduce re-offending;
can be progressed through the
Registered cases are subject to to address substance misuse; not
partner agencies and joint agency
continuing scheduled reviews. to approach or contact named
arrangements to the Area Multi
victims, or enter certain areas.
Agency Public Protection Panel. The
For the Police the structure of these Some offenders may also be
Panel meets monthly. It comprises
multi agency arrangements replicate subject to electronic monitoring
senior operational managers from
the National Intelligence Model that (tagging) conditions.
the core agencies - Police;
Probation; Youth Offending Services; shapes operational policing
The Community Sex Offender
Social Services; Mental Health objectives and priorities. The referral
Groupwork Programme (C-SOGP) is
Services; the District (Housing) of an offender to the MAPPP for
a nationally accredited programme
Authorities, and the NSPCC. The example, may result in referral to the
approved for use in community
Panel is chaired independently by Level 1 Tasking and Co-ordination
settings with male offenders aged
the MAPPP Manager. process (or Force Tasking and
21+ convicted of contact or
Co-ordination, if appropriate). In
non-contact sexual offences against
Criteria for taking a case to the these cases senior officers can
adult or child victims.
MAPPP are that: decide upon courses of action
designed to reduce the risk posed Based on research into what works
· there is a demonstrated by the particular individual, and to prevent sexual re-offending
propensity to cause serious harm, agree the allocation of available the C-SOGP involves identifying
whether physical or psychological resources. how the thoughts, attitudes
and emotional responses of
· a likelihood of further significant Nothing under public protection sex offenders link to their
harm seems imminent arrangements diminishes the abusive behaviour.
responsibility of an individual
offender not to re-offend, and nor is

Attendance is enforced as a Because he had previously Each decision on disclosure has to

condition of a Community assaulted a resident he suspected of be justified on the basis of the
Rehabilitation Order, or Licence after being a sex offender it was not likelihood of harm that might result
release from prison. considered safe to direct him to live from non-disclosure, and where a
at a Probation Hostel. He was disclosure is made the agencies
Most offenders commencing the therefore released to the address of seek to give advice and assistance
programme must attend 240 hours an extended family member, subject to the recipient.
of structured groupwork over a to specific supervision conditions.
period of 2 years or more for Whilst he complied with the contact Following conviction outside
treatment to be achieved. Offenders and reporting requirements CD Derbyshire for a relevant offence AB
who present a lower level of failed to report that he was became subject to the notification
deviance and risk of harm to victims developing a relationship with a requirements of the Sex Offender
may alternatively be admitted to a single parent, and was dishonest Act. Some time afterwards he
shorter 100 hour programme, whilst when challenged about this following returned to the county, where he
those who have acceptably information being shared between resumed contact with his former
completed a Sex Offenders the Probation and Police. As the family, this included accompanying
Treatment Programme during a result of a request from the his child to church services,
prison sentence may attend a Probation Service to the Sentence and activities.
Relapse Prevention Group. In all Enforcement Unit he was recalled
cases the offender has to undertake to prison. As well as ensuring that the Social
individual work connected to the Services Department were informed
programme with a supervising Under public protection so that an assessment could be
Probation Officer. arrangements any assessment of made with the family, the Police
risk must take account of the rights officer responsible for monitoring the
At the end of the group programme and responsibilities of victims, registration requirements advised
offenders draw up an action plan to members of the public who might AB that he should take upon himself
take responsibility for preventing become victims of crime and the the responsibility of making his
their own risks of re-offending. offender. If an offender has been status known to the church
sentenced to twelve months authorities, as an alternative to
Where an offender does not comply imprisonment or more any views possible disclosure. In response to
with standard or additional that victims express will be the information they sought a
requirements, action is taken considered when release conditions meeting at which an agreement was
through the Courts or Home Office are being decided. Prevention of drawn up in line with the
Sentence Enforcement Unit. This re-victimisation is accorded a very recommendations of a number of
can result in the offender being re- high priority. Where other persons faith groups and demonstrational
sentenced or recalled to prison to are potentially at risk of harm it may bodies, which place limits AB's
serve the remaining period of the be necessary to consider disclosing activities and allowed for information
original sentence. The enforcement information about the offender, about any matter of concern to be
practice of the National Probation though such a step is exceptional made known to the police.
Service in Derbyshire remains one and will only be taken if it is the only
of the most rigorous in the country. way of preventing the serious harm
from happening. Before this step is
A man with a history of convictions, taken an offender may be warned
CD was released from prison after that disclosure will take place if this
serving a substantial sentence for will deter the behaviour.
sexual violence against a former
partner. On returning to the Issues of potential disclosure are
community he was under most likely to arise in cases
supervision to the Probation Service, considered by the MAPPP, where
and subject to sex offender the discussion of registered cases
registration with the Police. specifically addresses this issue. If
disclosure is thought to be
Although convicted for a sexual necessary, proportionate and lawful
offence CD did not count himself a a recommendation can be made
'sex offender' but expressed hostility for final decision by an Assistant
towards those he thought were. Chief Constable.

Section F: Taking account of victims

Over recent years there has been a crime for the information of the Probation Officer who has
growing emphasis on the needs and court, and keeping victims informed responsibility for advising the Parole
rights of victims within the criminal of police bail decisions. Board or prisons about sentence
justice process. Free and and resettlement planning, including
confidential assistance is available Under Section 69 of the Criminal conditions that may be added to a
to people affected by crime through Justice and Court Services Act 2000 post-release Licence. Breach of
Victim Support, an independent a duty was placed upon the such conditions constitute grounds
organisation and national charity, Probation Service to contact the for a recall to prison. Liaison Officers
with a locally based Area victims of those offenders subject keep victims informed, in turn,
organisation. Trained staff and to a court sentence or disposal at significant stages during
volunteers at local branches offer bringing them within the scope the sentence.
information to victims, witnesses, of multi agency public
their families and friends. protection arrangements. The work of Victim Liaison Officers
extends to the victims of the small
The Victims Charter (1996) The Probation Service in Derbyshire number of offenders given
committed the Police to keep victims has established a dedicated Victim sentences of a year or more who
informed of substantial Liaison Team with staff based in are the responsibility of the Youth
developments in a case concerning Derby and Chesterfield who contact Offending Services.
them. During this last year the the victims of sexual and violent
responsibility for notifying victims offenders to see if they wish to be Information from victims can add
has been taken over by the Crown kept informed of the progress of substantially to a risk assessment,
Prosecution Service (CPS). The sentence, or consulted about particularly where the offender was
Police maintain a commitment to conditions that may be attached to a previously known to them.
victims in a number of ways, prisoner’s release. Information about
however. This includes making victims is kept separate from an In Derbyshire more than 4 out of
provision for victims voluntarily to offender’s records, but the Liaison every 5 victims are contacted within
provide Personal Statements on Officers can convey views or 8 weeks of sentence under
how they have been affected by a information from the victim to the these arrangements.

Section G: Who is responsible for MAPPA?

When the Area Multi Agency Public The main functions of the Chaired by the Deputy Chief
Protection Panel (MAPPP) was Management Group are: Constable the Management Group
set up new Strategic Management has met regularly over the past year.
Arrangements were established · strategic management planning The other members are:
to oversee its operation. This brings and review
together representatives of the · Derbyshire District Authorities
· policy formulation Housing Services Manager
key partner agencies, and
provides overall direction to public · financial & budgeting planning · Derby City Council
protection work on behalf of the and control for the MAPPP (Assistant) Director of Social
Responsible Authority.
· public information and media Services
· Derby City & Derbyshire County
· a forum to resolve any differences Youth Offending Services
that arise between partnership Head of City Youth Offending
agencies Service

· complaints · Derbyshire County Council

(Assistant) Director of
· publication of the Annual Report Social Services

· Derbyshire County Mental Health

NHS Trust

· National Probation Service

Chief Officer

Area Childrens Services Manager

· Victim Support Derbyshire

Area Manager

This year the Strategic Management

Group has conducted a preliminary
review of the main joint agency
arrangements through which
registered sex offenders and other
potentially violent or dangerous
offenders may be managed. This
has included looking at the
consistency of assessment across
the Area. It is upon the quality of
these underpinning arrangements
that the work of the MAPPP relies.
In so doing the SMG has started to
extend its view from the MAPPP to
the broader systems for managing
all offenders who come within the
statutory duty, which have so far
been under the lead of
individual agencies.

As a basis for taking the

arrangements forward the SMG
initiated a consultation seminar in
January 2003, attended by members
of the core agencies and others,
which was helpful in identifying
potential areas for further
development, taking account of
experience to date, and emerging
proposals from the Home Office.
This will provide a focus for further
work during the forthcoming year,
and beyond.

Additionally the SMG has received

operational reports on the MAPPP,
and taken steps to ensure
information is relevantly exchanged.
Certain matters have been referred
for the notice of the Public
Protection Unit at the Home Office.

Statistical Information No. of Offenders

i. The number of registered sex offenders on 31 March 2003 459

ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who 21

were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement,
between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003

iii. The number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for and gained between
1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003

a) The total number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for 1

b) The total number granted 1

c) The total number not granted 0

iv. The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between 0

1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 for offenders currently managed
within MAPPA

v. The number of violent and other sexual offenders considered under 378
MAPPA during the year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 (as defined
by section 68 [3], [4] and [5])

vi. The number of ‘other offenders’ dealt with under MAPPA during the 18
year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 as being assessed by the
Responsible Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public
(but who did not fall within either of the other two categories, as
defined by s.67 [2b])

vii. For each of the three categories of offenders covered by the MAPPA
(‘registered sex offenders’, ‘violent and other sex offenders’ and
‘other offenders’), identify the number of offenders that are or have
been dealt with by:

a) MAPPP - registered sex offenders 16

b) MAPPP - violent and other sex offenders 9

c) MAPPP - other offenders 3


viii. Of the cases managed by the MAPPP during the reporting

year what was the number of offenders:

a) who were returned to custody for breach of licence 2

b) who were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining 0

Order or Sex Offender Order

c) charged with a serious sexual or violent crime 0



Multi Agency Public Protection Panel Address Phone

MAPPP Manager c/o Derbyshire Constabulary 01773 572241

Crime Support Dept.
Butterley Hall

Derbyshire Probation Area Address Phone

Assistant Chief Officer Derbyshire Area Headquarters 01629 57692

18 Brunswood Road

Derbyshire Probation Area Address Phone

Head of Crime Support Derbyshire Constabulary HQ 01773 572115

Butterley Hall

Victim Support Derbyshire Address Phone

Area Manager Room 10 01332 349129

Kings Chambers
Queen Street, Derby

Stop It Now! Derby/shire Address Phone

NSPCC 01332 3745560

Derbyshire Co-ordinator Friary Works
119 Friargate
Stop It Now! Freephone Helpline 0808 1000 900