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# CHAPTER 1: FUNCTIONS SPM 1993 1. Given the function f : x → 3 – 4x and function g : x → x2 – 1, find (a) f -1 (b) f -1g(3) [5 marks] 2.

**Given the functions f, g and h as a f : x → 2x
**

3 g:x→ ,x≠2 x −2

**SPM 1995 1. Given the function f(x) = 3x + c and inverse function f -1(x) = mx + (a) the value of m and c (b) (i) f(3) (ii) f -1f(3)
**

4 . Find 3

[3 marks] [3 marks]

h : x → 6x2 – 2 (i) (ii)

determine function f h(x) find the value of g -1(-2) [7 marks]

2. Given the function f : x → mx + n, g : x → (x + 1)2 – 4 and fg : x → 2(x + 1)2 – 5. Find (i) g2(1) (ii) the values of m and n (iii) gf -1 [5 marks] SPM 1996 1. Given the function f : x →

hx + k , x≠2 x −2 2x − 5 and inverse function f -1 : x → , x≠3 x −3

3. Function m given that m : x → 5 – 3x2 . If p is a another function and mp given that mp : x → -1 – 3x2, find function p. [3 marks] SPM 1994 1. Given the functions f(x) = 2 – x and function g(x) = kx2 + n. If the composite function gf(x) = 3x2 – 12x + 8, find (a) the values of k and n [3 marks] (b) the value of g2(0) [2 marks] 2. The function f is defined as f:x→

p +x , for all value of x except 3 + 2x

Find (a) the values of h and k [3 marks] (b) the values of x where f(x) = 2x [3 marks] 2. Given the function f : x → 2x + 5 and fg : x →13 – 2x, Find (i) function gf (ii) the values of c if gf(c2 + 1) = 5c - 6 [5 marks] SPM 1997 1. Given the functions g: x → px + q and g2 : x→ 25x + 48 (a) Find the value of p and q (b) Assume that p>0, find the value of x so that 2g(x) = g(3x + 1) b\

x = h and p is a constant. (i) determine the value of h (ii) the value of 2 maps by itself under function f. Find (a) the value of p (b) the value of another x which is mapped onto itself (c) f -1(-1) [7 marks]

1

SPM 1998 1. Given the functions h(t) = 2t + 5t2 and v(t) = 2 + 9t Find (a) the value of h(t) when v(t) = 110 (b) the values of t so that h(t) = v-1(2) (c) function hv 1. Given the functions f(x) = 6x + 5 and g(x) = 2x + 3 , find (a) f g-1(x) (b) the value of x so that gf(-x) = 25 SPM 1999 1. Given the function f : x → k – mx. Find (a) f -1(x) in terms of k and m [2 marks] (b) the values of k and m, if f -1(14) = - 4 and f(5) = -13 [4 marks] 2. (a) The function g is defined as g : x → x + 3. Given the function fg : x → x2 +6x + 7. Find (i) function f(x) (ii) the value of k if f(2k) = 5k [7 marks] SPM 2000 1. Given the function g -1(x) = f(x) = 3x2 – 5. Find (a) g(x)

5 − kx and 3

SPM 2001 1. Given the function f : x → ax + b, a > 0 and f 2 : x → 9x – 8 Find (a) the values of a and b [3 marks] (b) (f -1)2(x) [3 marks] 2. Given the function f -1(x) = p − x , x ≠ p and g(x) = 3 + x. Find (a) f(x) [2 marks] -1 2 (b) the value of p if ff (p –1) = g[(2-p)2] ( c) range of value of p so that fg-1(x) = x no real roots [5 marks] SPM 2002 1. Given the function f(x) = 4x -2 and g(x) = 5x +3. Find (i) fg -1(x) (ii) the value of x so that fg-1(

x 2 )= 2 5

−1

[5 marks] 2. (a) Given the function f : x →3x + 1, find f -1(5) [2 marks] (b) Given the function f(x) = 5-3x and g(x) = 2ax + b, where a and b is a constants. If fg(x) = 8 – 3x, find the values of a and b [3 marks]

[2 marks]

(b) the value of k when g(x2) = 2f(-x) [3 marks] 2. Given the function f : x → 4 – 3x. (a) Find (i) f2(x) (ii) (f2)-1(x) (iii) (f -1)2 [6 marks]

2

SPM 2003 P = {1, 2, 3} Q = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10} 1. Based on the above information, the relation between P and Q is defined by set of ordered pairs {(1,2), (1,4), (2,6), (2,8)}. State (a) the image of 1 (b) the object of 2 [2 marks] 2. Given that g : x → 5x + 1 and h : x → x2 – 2x +3, find (a) g-1(3) (b) hg(x) [4 marks] SPM 2004 1. Diagram 1 shows the relation between set P and set Q

3. Given the function h(x) =

6 , x ≠ 0 and x

the composite function hg(x) = 3x, find (a) g(x) (b) the value of x so that gh(x) = 5 [4 marks] SPM 2005 1. In Diagram 1, the function h maps x to y and the function g maps y to z

d∙ e∙ f∙ Set P Diagram 1

∙ ∙ ∙ ∙

w x y z

Determine (a) h-1(5) (b) gh(2)

5 , x ≠ 2. Find 2 −x

[2 marks]

2. The function w is defined as w (x ) = (a) w-1(x) (b) w-1(4)

Set Q

[3 marks]

State (a) the range of the relation (b) the type of the relation [2 marks] 2. Given the function h : x → 4x + m and h-1 : x → 2hk +

5 , where m and k are 8

3. The following information refers to the functions h and g. h : x → 2x – 3 g : x → 4x - 1 Find gh-1 [3 marks]

constants, find the value of m and of k. [3 marks]

3

DIAGRAM 1 (a) State the type of relation between set A and set B (b) Using the function notation. find 5 (a) f −1 ( x ) [1 m] − 1 (b) f g ( x) [2 m] h ( x ) hg ( x ) = 2 x +6 ( c) such that [3 m] SPM 2007 Paper 1 1. Diagram shows the function h:x → m−x . set B shows the image of certain elements of set A Paper 2 1. where m is a constant x (a) State the value of m (b) Using the function notation.SPM 2006 Paper 1 1. Given that f : x → 3x − 2 and g:x→ x + 1 . find the value of x such that f ( x) = 5 [2m] f : x → x −3 DIAGRAM 2 Find the value of m [2 marks] 4 . In diagram 1. write a relation between set A and set B [2 marks] 2. x ≠ 0 . Diagram 1 shows the linear function h. Given the function . express h in terms of x [2 m] − 1 2 2.

3. Given the functions f ( x) = x −1 and g ( x ) = kx + 2 . for the function f ( x) = 2 x − domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 5 . Diagram 1 shows the graph of the 1 .3. find a) g −1 (6) b) hg ( x ) . The following information is about the function h and the composite function h2 (b) the range of f(x) corresponding to the given domain [3 m] 2. where a and b are constants and Find the value of a and b [3m] SPM 2008 Paper 1 1. find a) f(5) b) the value of k such that gf(5)=14 [3m] [4m] State (a) the value of t 5 . Given the function g : x → 5 x + 2 and h : x → x 2 − 4 x + 3 .

form another β α quadratic equation with roots and 3 3 SPM 1997 1. where k is a constant. [4 marks] 3. Find the values of h. Find the roots and the possible values of k. Given the equation x2 – 6x + 7 = h(2x – 3) have two equal real roots. by using the value of p and q in (a) form the quadratic equation with roots p and -2q SPM 1999 1. [6 marks] SPM 2000 1 [4 marks] SPM 1995 1. One of the roots of the equation 2x2 + 6x = 2k . Given that m + 2 and n . Prove that the roots of the equation (1 – p)x2 + x + p = 0 has a real and negative roots if 0 < p < 1 [5 marks] SPM 1996 1. If m and n are the roots of the equation 6 . The equation of px2 + px + 3q = 1 + 2x have the roots p and q (a) Find the value of p and q (b) Next.1 are the roots of the equation x2 + 5x = -4. Find the possible values of k and m.1 is double of the other root. Given that α and β are the roots of the equation x2 – 2x + k = 0. Find the possible value of m and n. Find the possible values of p.(2x – 3)(x + 4) + k = 0 and m = 4n. One of the roots of the equation x2 + px + 12 = 0 is one third of the other root. Find the range of value of k if the equation x 2 + kx + 2k − 3 = 0 has no real roots [3 marks] 4. SPM 1998 1. [2 marks] CHAPTER 2: QUADRATIC EQUATIONS SPM 1994 1. find the value of k [5 marks] 2. If α and β are the roots of the quadratic equation 2x2 – 3x – 6 = 0. [4 marks] 2. Write a quadratic equation in a form ax2 + bx + c = 0 [2 marks] 3. Find the values of λ so that (3 – λ)x2 – 2(λ + 1)x + λ + 1 = 0 has two equal real roots. Given that a and b are the roots of the equation x2 – (a + b)x + ab = 0. while 2α and 2β are the roots of the equation x2 +mx +9=0. Given that 1 and -5 are the roots of the 2 quadratic equation. [5 marks] 2.

Give your answer correct to four significant figures. Find the range of values of p [3 marks] SPM 2004 1. It is given that -1 is one of the roots of the quadratic equation x 2 − 4x − p = 0 Find the value of p [2 marks] 7 . Find the values of m and k [4 marks] 2. [5 marks] SPM 2003 1. Solve the quadratic equation x(2x – 5) = 2x – 1. If α and β are the roots of the quadratic equation 2 x 2 + 3x − 1 = 0 . where a. Give your answer in 2 SPM 2001 1. where k is a constant. (a) Solve the following quadratic equation: 3x 2 + 5 x − 2 = 0 equation kx(x – 1) = 2m – x. [3 marks] 2. [3 marks] SPM 2006 1. form another quadratic equation with roots 3α + 2 and 3β + 2. Given that 2 and m are the roots of the equation (2x -1)(x + 3) = k(x – 1). find the values of k and m. has two equal roots Express h in terms of k [4 marks] SPM 2008 1. Find (a) the values of p and q [3 marks] (b) the range of values of k if the Equation 2x2 + px + q = k has no real roots [2 marks] has two distinct roots. b and c are constants [2 marks] SPM 2005 1.4 (c) The quadratic equation hx 2 + kx + 3 = 0. A quadratic equation x 2 + px + 9 = 2 x has two equal roots. The quadratic equation x(x + 1) = px . find the range of value of k if the equation has two different real roots. The equation 2x2 + px + q = 0 has the roots -6 and 3. Given the equation x2 + 3 = k(x + 1) has the roots p and q. Given that α β and are the roots of the 2 2 the form ax2 + bx + c =0. [5 marks] SPM 2002 1. Give your answer correct to three decimal places.1. Find the possibles values of p. If α + β = 6 and αβ = 3. [5 marks] 2. Solve the quadratic equation 2x(x – 4) = (1 – x)(x + 2). where h and k are constants. where k is a constant. [3 marks] SPM 2007 1. Form the quadratic equation which has the roots -3 and 1 .

[3 marks] CHAPTER 3: QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS SPM 1993 1. the minimum point is (2. Without using differentiation method or drawing graph. In the diagram 1. Given that p = 5. (a) write f(x) in the form ax2 + bx + c [2 marks] (b) Curve y = kf(x) cut y-axis at the point (0. [5 marks] 2. [10 marks] SPM 1994 SPM 1995 1. m and n are constants. Find (i) the value of k (ii) the minimum point [4 marks] 2. [5 marks] 3. 3) of the function y = p(x + h)2 + k. (b) Sketch the graph of function f(x) (c ) Find the range of value of p so that the equation 6x – 4 .3x2 = p has two different real roots. where k. Find (a) the values of p. (a) Find the range of value of x if 5x ≥ x2 [2 marks] [3 marks] SPM 1997 8 . Find the range of values of x if (a) x(x + 1) < 2 [2 marks] (b) −3 ≥x 1 −2x 1. find the minimum or maximum value of the function y = 2(3x – 1)(x + 1) – 12x – 1. Determine whether the function f(x) has the minimum or maximum value and state the value of the minimum or maximum value. (a) Express quadratic equation f(x) in the form k + m(x + n)2. Find the range of values of n if 2n2 + n ≥ 1 [2 marks] SPM 1996 1. find the range of values of x if y < 5. Given the quadratic equation f(x) = 6x – 1 – 3x2.60).(b) Find the range of value of p if x2 – (p + 1)x + 1 – p2 = 0 has no real roots. Given that 3x + 2y – 1 = 0. h and k (b) the equation of the curve when the graph is reflected on the x-axis [2 marks] 2. f(x) = 0 is a quadratic equation which has the roots -3 and p. Then sketch the graph for the function y.

Find the range of value of p so that f-1g(x) = x has no real roots SPM 2002 1. [4 marks] 2.(a) State the range of value of x for 5x > 2x2 – 3 (b) Given that the straight line 3y = 4 – 2x and curve 4x2 + 3y2 – k = 0. Find the range of values of x if (a) 2(3x2 – x) ≤ 1 – x (b) 4y – 1 = 5x and 2y > 3 + x 3. Hence. 2 (b) Find the range of value of x that satisfy inequality (x – 2)2 < (x – 2) SPM 1999 1. determine the minimum or maximum point of the function y = 1 + 2x – 3x2. where k is a constant.3t2). sketch the graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k in the same axis (c) State the coordinate of minimum point for the graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k SPM 1998 1. (b) By using the value of k. Given that y = x2 + 2kx + 3k has a minimum value 2. find the range of value of k so that the equation f(x) = k has a distinct roots 2. with m and n are constants. state the equation of the axis of symmetry for the graph. (a) Find the range of value of x so that 9 + 2x > 3 and 19 > 3x + 4 (b) Given that 2x + 3y = 6. Given that f-1 (x) = p − x . (a) Given that f(x) = 4x – 1 Find the range of value of x so that f(x) is a positive 2 2. find two possible value of k. Find the range of value of x if (x – 2)(2x + 3) > (x – 2)(x + 2) SPM 2000 1. Without using differentiation method or drawing graph. The straight line y = 2x + k does not intersect the curve x2 + y2 – 6 =0 . which has the roots p and q.1. (a) state the value of m and n in terms of t (b) if t = 1. find the range of value of x when y < 5 2. Find the range of values of k [5 marks] SPM 2001 1. x ≠ p and g(x) = 3 + x. Given the quadratic equation x2 + 3 = k(x + 1). find the range of values of k if p and q 1 9 . Show that the straight line and the curve does not intersect if k < 4 The graph show two curve y = 3(x-2)2 + 2p and y = x2 + 2x – qx + 3 that intersect in the two point at x-axis. Quadratic function f(x) = 2[(x – m) + n]. Find (a) the value of p and q (b) the minimum value for the both curve 2. (a) Without using differentiation method. have a minimum point p(6t.

has two distinct roots. sketch the graph for the curve SPM 2003 (paper 2) 1. State curve (a) the value of p (b) the value of q (c ) the equation of the axis of symmetry SPM 2005 (paper 1) 1. Find the range of values of x for which x(x – 4) ≤ 12 [3 marks] 2. Find the range of values of p [3 marks] 2. state the equation of the axis of symmetry for the curve. where r and k are constants. where q is a constant. where p is a constant. or otherwise. Diagram 2 shows the graph of a quadratic functions f(x) = 3(x + p)2 + 2. SPM 2005 (paper 1) 2. where q is a constant. The y = f(x) has the minimum point (1. State a) the value of p b) the value of q 10 . Diagram 2 shows the graph of a quadratic function f(x)=3(x + p)2 + 2. 1. Given that y = p + qx – x2 = k – (x + h)2 for all values of x (a) Find (i) h (ii) k in terms of p and/or q (b) the straight line y = 3 touches the curve y = p + qx – x2 (i) state p in terms of q (ii) if q = 2. (a) By using the method of completing square. where k is a constant. The function f(x) = x2 – 4kx + 5k2 + 1 has a minimum value of r2 + 2k.q). find the values of k and r if the graph of the function is symmetrical about x = r2 . Diagram 2 shows the graph of the function y = -(x – k)2 – 2. show that r = k -1 [4 marks] (b) Hence. Next. q).1 [4 marks] SPM 2004 (paper 1) 1. The straight line y = 5x – 1 does not intersect the curve y = 2x2 + x + p. where p is a constant Find Diagram 2 (a) the value of k (b) the equation of the axis of symmetry (c) the coordinates of the maximum point [3 marks] Diagram 2 The curve y = f(x) has the minimum point (1.

where p.. The curve has a maximum point at B(2. n=…………. Diagram 3 shows the graph of quadratic function y = f ( x) . [3 m] SPM 2008 (paper 2) 1. where b and c are constants. Find the range of the values of x for (2 x −1)( x + 4) > 4 + x [2 marks] SPM 2007(paper 1) 1.p) and intersects the f(x)-axis at point A 1. where m and n are constants. q and r are constants. [4m] c) determine the range of values of x. The quadratic function f ( x) = p ( x + q ) 2 + r . find the value of k and of p. Diagram 2 a) State the coordinates of A [1m] b) By using the method of completing square. The equation of the axis of symmetry is x = 3 State a) the range of values of p b) the value of q c) the value of r [3 m] 2. Diagram 2 shows the curve of a quadratic function f ( x) = −x 2 + kx − 5 . Find the value of m and of n [3 marks] Answer m=………….c) SPM 2006 the equation of the axis of symmetry [3 m] SPM 2008 (paper 1) 1. [3 marks] 3. The straight line y =− 4 is a tangent to the curve y = f ( x) a) write the equation of the axis of symmetry of the curve b) express f ( x) in the form ( x + b) 2 + c . Find the range of the value of x for ( x − 3) 2 < 5 − x . if f ( x ) ≥ −5 [2m] 11 . has a minimum value of -4. Find the range of values of x for which 2 x 2 ≤ 1 + x [3 marks] 2. The quadratic function f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x − 4 can be expressed in the form f ( x) = ( x + m) 2 − n ..

Given that (3k. Diagram 2 shows a rectangular pond JKMN and a quarter part of a circle KLM with centre M. find the measurements 4 SPM 1997 1. 1m 1m 1m Diagram 2 SPM 1995 1. Determine the value of k and p 1m SPM 1998 1. Find the values of k and p x 2. 12 .CHAPTER 4: SIMULTENOUS EQUATIONS SPM 1993 1. x + 6y = 3 3 y 2. x2 + 6xy + 6 = 0 2. Solve the following simultaneous equation and give your answer correct to two decimal places 2x + 3y + 1 = 0. A cuboids aquarium measured u cm × w cm × u cm has a rectangular base. Solve the simultaneous equation x2 – y + y2 = 2x + 2y = 10 SPM 1994 1. Find the value of u and w SPM 1996 1. 2k) is a solution for the equation x2 + py – 29 = 4 = px – xy . Diagram 2 shows a rectangular room. shaded region is covered by perimeter of a rectangular carpet which is placed 1 m away from the walls of the room. Find the value of x. -2p) is a solution for the simultaneous equation x – 2y = 4 and 3 2 + 2 y =1. Diagram 2 shows the net of an opened box with cuboids shape. of the room. Calculate the possible values of v and w. Given the total length of the aquarium is 440 cm and the total area of the glass used to make the aquarium is 6300 cm2. If the area and the perimeter of the carpet are 8 3 2 m and 12 m. If the area of the pond is 10 π m2 and the length JK is longer than the length of the curve KL by π m. where k and p are constants. Solve the simultaneous equation 4x + y + 8 = x2 + x – y = 2 2. Given that (-1. Solve the simultaneous equation: x 2 + = 4 . If perimeter of the net box is 48 cm and the total surface area is 135 cm3. The top part of it is uncovered whilst other parts are made of glass.

Given that x + y – 3 = 0 is a straight line cut the curve x2 + y2 – xy = 21 at two different point. ABCD is a piece of paper in a rectangular shape. Find the area of land planted with yam. Given the area of the land planted with padi is 115 m2 and the perimeter of land planted with yam is 24 m. calculate the coordinates of the intersection for the curve and the straight line. the perimeter left is 26 cm. Given the following equation: M = 2x − y N = 3x + 1 R = xy − 8 Find the values of x and y so that 2M = N = R 4. SPM 2003 1. Solve the simultaneous equation y y x 3 1 − + 3 = 0 and + − =0 3 2 x 2 2 SPM 2001 1. The yam is planted on a rectangular shape area. ABE is a semi-circle shape cut off from the paper. Its area is 28 cm2. Give your answers correct to three decimal places. 2. y(x + y) = x(x + y) – 5 2. Solve the simultaneous equation 4x + y = −8 and x2 + x − y = 2 SPM 2004 1. He planted padi and yam on the areas as shown in the above diagram. yam SPM 2000 1. Solve the simultaneous equation 2x + 3y = 9 and x 6y − y = −1 x 1. Solve the simultaneous equations p − m = 2 and p2 + 2m = 8.SPM 1999 1. Solve the simultaneous equation 3x – 5 = 2y . Diagram 2 shows. Find the integer values of x and y Pak Amin has a rectangular shapes of land. Without drawing the x graph. Given the curve y2 = 8(1 – x) and the y straight line = 4. Find the coordinates of the point 2. SPM 2005 1. Solve the simultaneous equation [use π = 22 ] 7 x+ 1 y = 1 and y2 − 10 = 2x 2 SPM 2002 SPM 2006 13 .

2 x 2 −10 x + y + 9 = 0 [5 m] SPM 2008 1. state x in terms of y 14 .1. If 3 − log 10 x = 2log 10 y. Solve the following simultaneous equations: 2 x − y − 3 = 0 . Solve the simultaneous equations 2 x 2 + y = 1 and 2 x 2 + y 2 + xy = 5 Give your answer correct to three decimal places [5 m] SPM 2007 1. Solve the following simultaneous equations : x −3 y + 4 = 0 x 2 + xy − 40 = 0 [5m] CHAPTER 5: INDICES AND LOGARITHMS SPM 1993 1.

state in terms of h and /or k (i) log m 9 (ii) log 6 24 (b)Solve the following equations: (i) (ii) 4 2x = log x 1 32 equation T = 30(1.log x 324 = 4 and give your answer correct to four significant figures.(a) Find the value of 3 log 3 7 without using a scientific calculator or four figure table. without using a calculator scientific or four-figure table . state in terms of r and/or t (i) (ii) log 2 mn 3 32 . 3. Hence or otherwise. (a)Solve the following equations: (i) 4 log 2 x =5 (ii) 2 x . calculate (i) log 5 1.2) x when the metal is heated for x seconds. (a) Given that 15 16 − log x 2=3 SPM 1994 1. 1 . Solve the following equations: (a) log 3 x + log 9 3x = −1 1 (b) 8 x +4 = x x +3 4 2 2. Calculate (i) the temperature of the metal when heated for 10. Express t in terms of r and s ( c) Given that y = kx m where k and m are constants. Find the values of k and m SPM 1995 1. Solve the following equations: (a) 81(27 2 x ) = 1 (b) 5 t = 26. find the 3 log 8 m − log 4 n b) The temperature of a metal increased from 30 0 C to T 0 C according to the . 3 x = 5 x +1 (b) Given that log 5 3 = 0. Show that log 3 xy = 2 log 9 x + 2 log 9 y.2. y = 4 when x = 2 and y = 8 when x = 5.4 seconds (ii) time. (a) If h = log m 2 and k = log m 3.4 (ii) log 7 75 SPM 1997 1.3 2. (a) Given that log 8 n = value of n (b) Given that 2 r = 3 s = 6 t . in second.209.683 and log 5 7 = 1. (a) Given that m = 2 r and n = 2 t . find the value of x and y which satisfies the equation log 9 xy 3 log 3 xy = 10 and = log 9 y 2 2. (b) Solve the equation 5 log x 3 + 2 log x 2 . (a) Express 2 n +2 − 2 n + 10(2 n − ) in a simplify terms (c) Solve the equation 3 x +2 − 5 = 0 2. to increase the temperature of the metal from 30 0 C to 1500 0 C SPM 1996 1 1.

Without using scientific calculator or four-figure mathematical tables. (a) Given that log 10 x = 2 and log 10 y = -1. show that xy – 100y 2 = 9 (b) Solve the equation (i) 3 x +2 = 24 + 3 x (ii) log 3 x =log 9 ( 5 x + 6) SPM 2002 16 . (a) Given that x = log 2 3. prove that x log a = log a 8 log12 49 × log 64 12 2.7924. solve the equation log 9 [log 3 (4x – 5)] = log 4 2 (c ) After n year a car was bought the price of the car is RM 60 000 .07) n . Given that log x 4 = u and log y 5 = y State log 4 x 3 y in terms of u and/or w 2.3772 (ii) solve the equation 1 3 × a n− =3 SPM 2000 1. find the value of 4 x . (a)Simplify log16 7 Without using scientific calculator or four-figure mathematical tables 9 8 (b) Given that 3 lg xy 2 = 4 + 2lgy lgx with the condition x and y is a positive integer. 45 Express log a 3 in terms of x and a y (b) Find the value of log 4 8 + log r r (c ) Two experiments have been conducted to get relationship between two variables x and y.2 log 3 (x + y) = 2 + log 3 x + log 3 y. Find (a) log 2 45 (b) log 4 2.322. Without 9 5 7 8 n using scientific calculator or fourfigure mathematical tables (i) prove that log a 27a = 3. (a) Given that log a 3 = x and log a 5 = y. (a) Solve 3 log 2 x = 81 (b) If 3 2 x = 8(2 3 x ). Calculate the minimum number of years required for the savings to exceed RM 4 000. Calculate after how many years will the car cost less than RM 20 000 for the first time SPM 1998 1. The equation x 3(9 ) = 27 y and log 2 y = 2 + log 2 (x – 2) were obtain from the first and second experiment respectively SPM 1999 1. Hence find the value of 4 y if y=1+x (b) Given that log a 3 = 0.585 and log 2 5 = 2. Given that log 2 k = p and log 3 k = r Find log k 18 in terms of p and r 2. show that x 2 + y 2 = 7xy (b) Without using scientific calculator or four-figure mathematical tables. SPM 2001 1. Given that log 2 3 = 1. Show that xy = 10 (c) The total savings of a cooperation after n years is given as 2000(1 + 0.

Solve the equation 4 2 x −1 = 7 x [4 marks] SPM 2004. Solve the equation [3 m] 2.Given that log m 2 = p and log m 3 = r . express log 5 4. (a) Given that 2 log 4 x − 4 log 16 y = 3 State x in terms of y (b) Solve the simultaneous equation 2 m −1 × 32 k +2 = 16 and 5 −3 m [3 marks] 2. Solve the equation log 3 4 x − log 3 ( 2 x − 1) = 1 [4 marks] 2. Given that log 2 xy = 2 + 3 log 2 x − log 2 y . Find λ in terms of k 2 x −3 = 1.P1 1. express y in terms of x [3 marks] 3. express log m 27m in terms of p and r 4 CHAPTER 6: COORDINATE GEOMETRY SPM 2006 SPM 1993 17 . (a) Given that log 5 3 = k. If 5 2 λ− = 15.P1 1. Given that log 2 = x and log 2 c = y . find the value of x.P1 1. Solve the equation 8 1 4 x +2 (b) Solve the equation log 2 ( 7t − 2 ) − log 2 2t = −1 2. Solve the equation 2 x + 4 − 2 x +3 = 1 [3 marks] 2. Given that log 5 2 = m and log 5 7 = p .1 1. [3 m] 16 2 x −3 = 8 4 x [3 marks] 3. Given that 9(3 n −1) = 27 n [3 marks] SPM 2008(paper 1) 1. Solve the equation 2 + log 3 ( x + 1) = log 3 x ×125 3−k where m and k are constants =1 [3 marks] SPM 2007 1. Given that log 4 x = log 2 3 .9 in terms of m and p SPM 2005. express log 4 8b in terms of x and y c SPM 2003. express T in terms of V [4 marks] 2. Given that log 2 T − log 4 v = 3 . Solve the equation 32 4 x = 4 8 x +6 [3 marks] 2.

4).1) and (2. 0) are the two fixed points. Find the coordinates of N (d) Calculate the area of triangle OMN SPM 1994 1. From the above diagram. Q and R are three points are on a line 2 y − x = 4 where PQ : QR = 1:4 Find (i) the coordinates of point P (ii) the equation of straight line passing through the point Q and perpendicular with PR (iii) the coordinates of point R (b) A point S moves such that its distance from two fixed points E(-1. Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted. 0) and point L(-2. Points A. q) respectively. Point P moves such that PK:PL = 1:2 (a) Show that the equation of locus P is x 2 + y 2 − 4x = 0 (b) Show that the point M(2.1. 0) and F(2. Given that ABCD is a parallelogram. 2). (a) Find the value of T. B. (a)The above diagram. Hence write down the equation of KL in the form of intercepts (b) ML is extended to point P so that L divides the line MP in the ratio 2 : 3. Find the equation of the straight line KM (c ) If the straight line KM intersects again locus P at N. The above diagram show. -1) and (p. a parallelogram KLMN. Find (a) the gradient of PQ (b) the equation of straight line QR ( c) the coordinates of R SPM 1993 2. P. find (a) the value of p and q (b) area of ABCD SPM 1993 2. (5. 2) is on the locus P. The straight line QR is perpendicular to PQ cutting x-axis at point R. C and D have a coordinates (2. 3). Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted Point P and point Q have a coordinate of (4. point K(1. 6) 18 . (4. Find the coordinates of P SPM 1994 1.

in the ratio 2SE = SF Find (i) the equation of the locus of S (ii) the coordinates of point when locus S intersect y-axis SPM 1995 1. find the distance of PQ Graph on the above show that the straight line LMN Find (a) the value of r (b) the equation of the straight line passing through point L and perpendicular with straight line LMN 2. the straight line y = 2 x + 3 is the perpendicular bisector of straight line which relates point P(5. calculate the coordinates of point V. Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted. 1. t) (a) Find the midpoint of PQ in terms of n and t (b) Write two equations which relates t and n ( c) Hence. The straight line y = 4 x − 6 cutting the curve y = x 2 − x − 2 at point P and point Q (a) calculate (i) the coordinates of point P and point Q (ii) the coordinates of midpoint of PQ (iii) area of triangle OPQ where Q is a origin (b) Given that the point R(3. given that the area of rectangular TUVW is 58 units2 (d) Fine the equation of the straight line TU in the intercept form SPM 1997 5 2 SPM 1996 19 . The diagram shows the vertices of a rectangle TUVW on the Cartesian plane (a) Find the equation that relates p and q by using the gradient of VW (b) show that the area of ∆TVW can be expressed as p − q + 10 ( c) Hence. 7) and point Q(n. In the diagram. k) lies on straight line PQ (i) the ratio PR : RQ (ii) the value of k 2.

1) is the same as its distance from point R(3. (i) (ii) 1 of its distance from 2 Find the equation of the locus of the point Hence. Given the equation of the straight line AB is 3y + 2x −9 = 0 SPM 1998 (a) Find the equation of BC [3m] (b) If CB is produced. 2) is 3 units. Given C is the midpoint of AD. Q is the midpoint of PS (a) Find (i) the coordinates of point Q (ii) the area of quadrilateral OPQR [4m] (b)Given QR:RT = 1:3. The diagram shows the straight line graphs of PQS and QRT on the Cartesian plane. In the diagram. Point P move such that distance from point Q(0. (a) Find the equation of the locus of P (b) Show that the equation of the locus of point S is x 2 + y 2 − 6 x − 4 y + 4 = 0 ( c) Calculate the coordinates of the point of intersection of the two locus (d) Prove that the midpoint of the straight line QT is not lie at locus of point S 2. Find the coordinates of point C [3m] 1. Point A and point B lie on x-axis and y-axis respectively. and BC : CE = 1:4 Find (a) the coordinates of point C (b) the coordinates of point E (c ) the coordinates of the point of intersection between lines AB and ED produced [3m] 2. determine whether the locus intersects the x-axis or not 1. Locus of the point P and S intersects at two points. ACD and BCE are straight lines. calculate the coordinates of point T 20 . 0). Point S move so that its distance from point T(3. it will intersect the xaxis at point R where RB = BC. In the diagram. Point P and point S lie on the x-axis and y-axis respectively.(c) A point move such that its distance from point S is point T. AB and BC are two straight lines that perpendicular to each other at point B.

3 are midpoints of straight lines JK. The diagram shows the curve y 2 = 16 − 8 x that intersects the xaxis at point B and the y-axis at point A and D. The diagram shows a triangle ABC where A is on the y-axis. (a) Find (i) the equation of the straight line JK (ii) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of straight line LJ [5m] (b) Straight line KJ is produced until it intersects with the perpendicular bisector of straight line LJ at point S. 1 2 2. Q(5. Find (a) the coordinates of point P (b) the equation of straight line that is perpendicular to AB and passes through P. In the diagram. KL and LJ respectively. Find (a) the coordinates of point D (b) the ratio AD : DC 21 . 7) and R 4 . Find the coordinates of point S [2m] PQR and hence. intersects the curve at point C. Find (a) the equation of the straight line AB [3m] (b) the equation of the straight line BC [3m] (c) the coordinates of point C [4m] SPM 2000 produced=diperpanjangkan 1. Point P divides the line segment AB in the ratio 2 : 3. (c ) Calculate the area of ∆ JKL find the area of ∆ [3m] SPM 1999 2. 9). Given point A( − B ( 4.8) . P(2. where JPQR forms a parallelogram. which is perpendicular to the straight line AB.3.− 4) and point 1. The equations of the straight line ADC and BD are y − 3 x +1 = 0 and 3 y + x − 7 = 0 respectively. Straight line BC.

Fixed point C is such that the 3. [2m] 2. The diagram shows a trapezium ABCD. 0) and Q(0. -6). Find (a) the equation of the locus of P (b) the x-coordinates of the point of intersection of the locus and the x-axis [5m] 22 . where O is the origin. In the diagram. the equation of BDC is y =− 6 . Given the points P(8. find the coordinates of point A [5m] (c) the locus of point P such that triangle BPD is always perpendicular at P [2m] SPM 2001 1. Find (a) the coordinates of points A and B [1m] (b) the equation of the straight lines AC and BC [5m] (c) the coordinates of point C [2m] (d) the area of triangle ABC [2m] 2. Given the equation of AB is 3 y − 2 x −1 = 0 Find (a) the value of k [3m] (b) the equation of AD and hence. Straight line x − 2 y = 6 intersects the x-axis and y-axis at point A and point B respectively.gradient of line BC is 1 and straight line AC is perpendicular to the straight line AB. The perpendicular bisector of PQ intersects the axes at A and B. Find (a) the equation of AB [3m] (b) the area of ∆AOB . A point P moves such that its distance from A is always 1 the 2 distance of A from the straight line BC. Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.

A straight line is obtained by plotting Diagram 1.SPM 2002 [4m] (c) the equation of the straight line that passes through point B and is perpendicular to the straight lineAC [3m] 3. This straight line is tangent to curve x 2 + 5 y + 2 p = 0 at point B. the equation of the straight line CB is y − x +1 = 0. (a) Show that the equation of the locus of point P is x 2 + y 2 + 4 x + 6 y + 5 = 0 [2m] (b) Show that point C(0. A(1. x and y are related by the equation y = px 2 + qx . Find (a) the value of p [3m] (b) the coordinates of points B and C Determine whether the lines are perpendicular to each other [3m] 3. t ) and C ( 2 p. h) . Given A(-1. Point P moves such that the ratio of AP and PB is 1 : 2. The diagram shows a triangle ABC with an area 18 units2 . Find the coordinates of point D [3m] SPM 2003(P1) 1. The points A(2h. B divides AC internally in the ratio 2 : 3 Express p in terms of t [3m] 2. y x y against x. The equations of two straight lines are y x + = 1 and 5 y = 3 x + 24 . Given B divides the straight lines AC in the ratio 1 : 2. Find (a) the coordinates of point B (b) m : n 2. where p and q are constants. -5) lies on the locus of point P [2m] (c) Find the equation of the straight line AC [3m] (d) Given the straight line AC intersects the locus of point P at point D. 5 3 1. B ( p. Point D lies on the x-axis and divides the straight line CB in the ratio m : n. as shown in x 23 .3t ) are on a straight line. -2) and B(2. B and C are three points on the straight line y = 2 x +1 . 1) are two fixed points. 3).

The arc passes through Q(-2.Diagram 1 Calculate the values of p and q [4m] P2(section B) 1. The point P moves such that PA : PB = 2 : 3. calculate the value of k and of h [3m] 2. 3). A point P moves along the arc of a circle with centre A(2. The point P lies 2 3 on the x-axis and the point Q lies on the yaxis Find the equation of the straight line perpendicular to PQ and passing through the point Q [3m] 3. solutions to this question by scale drawing will not accepted. Digram 1 shows a straight line CD which meets a straight line AB at the point D . Find the equation of the locus of P [3m] P2(section A) 4. 6). Find the area of triangle OQT [4m] Given that y = 6 x − x 2 . k). The point C lies on the y-axis SPM 2004(P1) 1. Diagram 3 shows a straight line graph of y against x x y x 24 . 3) and the point B is (4. (a) Find (i) the equation of the locus of the point P (ii) the values of k [6m] (b) The tangent to the circle at point Q intersects the y-axis at point T. The point A is (-1. 0) and R(5. Diagram 4 shows a straight line PQ with the equation x y + = 1 .

find the y-intercepts of CD [3m] SPM 2005(P1) 1. Diagram 5 shows the straight line AB which is perpendicular to the straight line CB at the point B (a) Find (i) The equation of the straight line CB is y = 2 x −1 Find the coordinates of B [3 marks] 25 . JK RT : : y = px + k y = ( k − 2) x + p where p and k are constant Express p in terms of k [2m] the equation of the straight line AB (ii) the coordinates of B [5m] (b) The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3 Find the coordinates of D [2m] (c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always 5 units. (a) write down the equation of AB in the form of intercepts [1m] (b) Given that 2AD = DB. Find the equation of the locus of P [3m] SPM 2006(P1) 1. Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not accepted. find the coordinates of D [2m] (c) Given that CD is perpendicular to AB. JK and RT. The following information refers to the equations of two straight lines.P2(section B) 2. which are perpendicular to each other.

Given that the area of the triangle is 30 unit 2 .intercept of 2 and is parallel to the straight line y + kx = 0 . B(4. solutions by scale drawing will not be accepted In diagram 1. determine whether or not this locus intercepts the y-axis y + 2x + 8 = 0 Diagram 1 Point P lies on AB such that AP:PB = 1:3 Find (a) the coordinates of P [3 m] (b) the equations of the straight line that passes through P and perpendicular to AB [3 m] SPM 2007 (paper 1) 1.6) and C(p. find the values of p. the straight line AB has an equation y + 2 x + 8 = 0 . [3 marks] SPM 2008(paper 1) 26 .2). in unit2. find the coordinates of C A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always twice its distance from point B (i) Find the equation of the locus of P (ii) Hence. The straight line x y + = 1 has a 6 h y. of triangle AOB Given that AC:CB = 3:2. Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted Diagram 3 shows the triangle AOB where O is the origin.P2(section B) 1.Determine the value of h and of k [3 marks] 2. The vertices of a triangle are A(5.-2). Point C lies on the straight line AB SPM 2007 Section A (paper 2) 1. AB intersects the x-axis at point A and intersects the y-axis at point B (a) (b) (c) Calculate the area.

in unit2. Calculate (i) the value of k.y) moves such that PS = PT. find the area. of triangle OPQ [2m] 27 .t) and (-2.4) SPM 2008 Section B (paper 2) 1. Find the equation of the locus of W [3m] (b) It is given that point P and point Q lie on the locus of W.1. (2. (ii) the coordinates of Q [5m] (c) Hence. Point S lies on the line PQ. (a) Diagram 13 Write down the equation of the straight line ST in the form x y + =1 a b (a) A point W moves such that its distance from point S is always 2 1 2 (b) A point P(x. Find the equation of the locus of P [4 m] 2. Given that the area of the triangle is 4 unit2.-1) are the vertices of a triangle. Diagram shows a triangle OPQ. [3 m] units.0) and T(0. The points (0. find the values of t. Diagram 13 shows a straight line passing through S(3.3).

10. 2. Marks Number students 1-20 5 21-40 8 41-60 12 61-80 11 81-100 4 1 2 37 . x. Marks Number of students 1 4 2 6 3 2 4 x 5 1 28 . draw a histogram and use it to estimate the modal mark (b) By calculating the cumulative frequency. 6. 2. without drawing an ogive (c) Calculate the mean mark SPM 1994 1. 2. find the mode for the numbers when (i) x = y (ii) x ≠ y (c) if standard deviation is the values of x 2. The below table shows the marks obtained by a group of students in a monthly test .CHAPTER 7: STATISTICS SPM 1993 1. find (a) On a graph paper. The below table shows the marks obtained by a group of students in a monthly test . y is 5 (a) show that x + y = 12 (b) hence. The mean for the numbers 6. find the median mark.

find the percentage of the numbers of fish which has a length more than 55 mm Age 1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 Numbers of villagers 50 79 47 14 10 SPM 1997 1. the mean does not change. x + 4. The sum of these numbers is 150 whereas the sum of the squares of these numbers is 2890. (a) Given a list of numbers 3. median is 4 and mean is 5. 2 x + 5. (a) The table shows the results of a survey of the number of pupils in several classes in a school. 3. Length (mm) Numbers of fish 20-29 2 30-39 3 40-49 7 50-59 12 60-69 14 70-79 9 80-89 3 (a) Find the mean and variance of the numbers in set A (b) If another number is added to the 10 numbers in set A. calculate (i) the median (ii) the third quartile of their ages SPM 1996 1.Find (a) the maximum value of x if modal mark is 2 (b) the minimum value of x if mean mark more than 3 (c) the range of value of x if median mark is 2 2. The list of numbers x −2. of the number of pupils in each class (b) The table shows the age distribution of 200 villagers. 6. 2. Set A is a set that consist of 10 numbers. [6m] SPM 1995 1. The table shows a set of numbers which has been arranged in an ascending order where m is a positive integer 29 . Find (i) the mean (ii) the standard deviation. Without drawing a graph. 8.Find (a) the value of x (b) the variance [6m] 2. Find the standard deviation of these number (b) Find a possible set of five integers where its mode is 3. 2 x −1. The table shows the length of numbers of 50 fish (in mm) (a) calculate the mean length (in mm) of the fish (b) draw an ogive to show the distribution of the length of the fish Numbers of classes Numbers of pupils 6 35 5 36 4 30 (c) from your graph. x + 7 and x − 3 has a mean of 7. Find the standard deviation of these numbers.

If each element of the data is reduced by 2. 9 Using the mean and the standard deviation.Set numbers Frequency 1 1 m-1 3 5 1 m+3 2 8 2 10 1 (a) express median for the set number in terms of m (b) Find the possible values f m (c) By using the values of m from (b). x. 8. 12 and 18 which has been arranged in an ascending order. 9. 6 Player B: 7. estimate the number of workers who earn more than RM 3 200 30 . 8. [7m] SPM 1999 1. 3. 8. is m. y has a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 6. 7. (a) The following data shows the number of pins knocked down by two players in a preliminary round of bowling competition. determine the better player to represent the state based on their consistency [3m] (b) use a graph paper to answer this question The data in the table shows the monthly salary of 100 workers in a company. Player A: 8. 6. The mean of the data 2. the new median is 5m . draw an ogive to show distribution of the workers’ monthly salary From your graph. 2. for a certain game with a mean of 8 and standard deviation of 3 x and Σx 2 (a) calculate Σ (b) A number of scores totaling 180 with Monthly Salary Numbers of (RM) workers 500-1 000 10 1 001-1 500 12 1 501-2 000 16 2 001-2 500 22 2 501-3 000 20 3 001-3 500 12 3 501-4 000 6 4 001-4 500 2 a mean of 6 and the sum of the squares of these scores of 1 200. find the possible values of mode SPM 1998 1. 8. 7. Find the possible values of x and y 2. 8 Find (a) the values of m and k (b) the variance of the new data [4m] [2m] 2. 9. x. 9. Set X consist of 50 scores. 8. The set of numbers integer positive 2. The frequency distribution of marks for 30 pupils who took a additional mathematics test is shown in the table Marks 20-39 Frequency 6 (i) (ii) Based on the data. 3k. 9. k. is taken out from set X. Calculate the mean and variance of the remaining scores in set X.

The table shows the results 100 students in a test (a) Based on the table above. The table shows the frequency distribution of the marks obtained by 100 Marks Number of students <10 2 <20 8 <30 21 <40 42 <50 68 <60 87 <70 98 <80 100 (a) By using a graph paper. Find the value of y [2m] (b) Find the standard deviation of the set of numbers below: 5. 4. copy complete the table below [2m] (b) Without drawing an ogive. Calculate (a) (b) (c) the mean [4m] the median [3m] the standard deviation [3m] of the distribution pupils Marks Number of pupils 6-10 12 11-15 20 16-20 27 21-25 16 26-30 13 31-35 10 36-40 2 (i) Calculate the variance [3m] Marks Frequency 0-9 (ii) Construct a cumulative frequency table Marks Number of pupils 20-29 2 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 14 35 50 17 2 SPM 2001 1. Scores Number of pupils 1 1 3 1 6 2 x 3 y 1 14 1 [5m] Find the values of x and y 31 . Given the mean score is 8 and the third quartile is 11. [4m] 2. 7 and draw an ogive to show the distribution of their marks. 6.When a number y is added to these four integers. the mean becomes 10. estimate the interquartile range of this distribution. (a) Given that four positive integers have a mean of 9. [7m] SPM 2002 1. The scores are arranged in an ascending order.49-59 60-79 80-99 5 14 5 [3m] 2. find the percentage of pupils who scored between 6 to 24. The table shows the distribution of scores obtained by 9 pupils in a competition. 6. The table shows the distribution of marks in a physics test taken by 120 pupils. draw a histogram and estimate the modal mark [4m] (b) Without drawing an ogive. From the ogive. calculate the median mark [3m] (c) Find the mean mark [3m] SPM 2000 1.

Find. find (a) The median (b) The percentage of excellent pupils if the score for the excellent category is 31. The sum of the squares of the numbers is 100 and the standard deviation is 3k Express m in terms of k [3] paper 2. (i) the mean (ii) the variance [4m] (ii) SPM 2005. The mean of four numbers is m . SPM 2004.section A 1. x 4 .5 SPM 2003.5 (a) Find (i) the sum of the marks.p2 section A 1. The table shows the scores obtained by a number of pupils in a quiz. x5 . paper 1 1. x 6 has a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 1. find Scores Number of pupils 5 ≤ 0 ≤1 5 ≤1 0 ≤2 5 ≤2 0 ≤3 5 ≤3 By drawing an ogive. the sum of the number is 150 and the sum of the squares of the data is 2 472. x 2 . for the new set of marks. x3 . ∑x (b) the sum of the squares of the marks. A set of examination marks x1 . Diagram 2 is a histogram which represents the distribution of the marks obtained by 40 pupils in a test. By drawing an ogive. The number of pupils is 40.p2 section A 1.2. ∑x 2 [3m] Each mark is multiplied by 2 and then is added to it. A set of data consist of 10 numbers. (a) Find the mean and variance of the 10 numbers [3] (b) Another number is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 1 Find (i) the value of this number (ii) the standard deviation of the set 11 numbers [4 marks] 32 .

copy and complete Table 2 33 . Calculate the value of k [3 marks] (b) Use the graph paper to answer this question Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 pupils on the vertical axis. A set of positive integers consists of 2. Table 1 shows the cumulative frequency distribution for the scores of 32 students in a competition Table 1 (a) Based on table 1. Table 1 shows the frequency distribution of the scores of a group of pupils in a game.(a) Without using an ogive. 5 and m. Find the value of m [3 marks] paper 2.section A 1. calculate the median mark [3m] (b) Calculate the standard deviation of the distribution [4m] Score 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 Marks 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 Number of pupils 1 2 8 12 k 1 Number of candidates 4 x y 10 8 Score Number of students <10 2 <20 8 <30 21 <40 42 <50 68 SPM 2006 paper 1 1. (a) It is given that the median score of the distribution is 42. The variance for this set of integers is 14. draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of the scores. Find the mode score [4 marks] (c) What is the mode score if the score of each pupil is increased by 5? [1 mark] SPM 2007 Paper 2 1.

find the interquatile range of the distribution [5 m] SPM 2007 Paper 1 1. The sum of the numbers is 60 and the sum of the squares of the numbers is 800 Find for the five numbers (a) the mean (b) the standard deviation [3 m] SPM 1993 CHAPTER 8: CIRCULAR MEASURE SPM 2008(Paper 1) 1.5 [3m] SPM 2008(Paper 2) 1. of two circles with centre O and with radii OS and OR respectively. A set of data consists of five numbers. the new mean is 8. 34 . state the modal class [6m] 1. PS and QR. The diagram shows two arcs.Marks Freque ncy 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 Table 2 [1 m] (b) Without drawing an ogive. find the value of x and of y. Table 5 shows the marks obtained by 40 candidates in a test. Hence. A set of seven numbers has a mean of 9 (a) Find ∑x (b) When a number k is added to this set. Given that the median mark is 35.5. Given the ratio OS:SR = 3:1. Find (a) the angle θ in radian (b) the area of the shaded region PQRS [6m] SPM 1994 1.

show that the area of the shaded region is 25(π +1) unit 2 2. In the diagram. Given the length of arc PQ is 20 cm. M and N are the centers of two congruent circles with radius r cm respectively. find (a) The angle θ in radians (b) the area of sector OPQ [5m] SPM 1996 1. 35 . in terms of π and r. Find. PMQ =120 0 a. Locus for the point P is a circle with centre B. Show that ∠ b. The diagram shows a piece of wire in the shape of a sector OPQ of a circle with centre O . Point P move such that PB = BC = BA. (a) Find the distance of BC (b) Show that the equation of locus P is x 2 + y 2 = 4 x + 6 y + 37 (c) (i) Find the area of major sector BAPC in terms of π (ii) Hence. the area of the shaded region [6m] SPM 1995 2. Find the value of the angle θ (in degrees and minutes) so that the length of arc of the circle AB same with the total of diameter AOC and length of arc of the circle BC The diagram shows a semicircle ABCD with centre D. The diagram shows a semicircle with centre O and diameter AOC. The length of the wire is 100 cm.1.

AOB is a semicircle with centre D and AEB is a length of arc of the sector with centre C. and the length of radius OS =6 Find (i) the value of θ (ii) the perimeter of the shaded region [4m] 2. The length of arc PQ is 15 cm and the thickness of the cake is 8 cm.The diagram shows a piece of cake with a uniform cross-section in the shape of a sector OPQ of a circle with centre O and radius 20 cm. Given ST = 5. The diagram shows two sectors The diagram shows two sectors OPQR and OST of two concentric circle with centre 36 . Find (a) the angle of this sector in radians (b) the total surface area of the cake [5m] 2.36 radians into degrees [2m] 1. Calculate ABC (a) the area of ∆ ACB in radians (b) ∠ (c) the area of the shaded region The diagram show semicircle PQR with centre O and sector QST of a circle with centre S. and the length of arc QT = 4. The equation of AB is x y + =1 12 6 OPQ and ORS of two concentric circle with centre O. the length of arc PQ is twice the length of radius OQ. Find ∠ QST in rad (a) (b) the area of the shaded region [4m] SPM 1998 SPM 1997 1. Given ∠ OPQ =θ rad.5 cm. OR = 4 cm. The diagram shows. (a) Convert (i) (ii) (b) 64020' into radians 4.

ANBQ is a semicircle with centre N and diameter 30 cm.6 rad. and the ratio of the length of arc AP to the length of arc BQ is 2:3 BOQ in degrees Calculate ∠ 37 . (b) the area of region swept by the pendulum [2m] 2. The diagram shows a traditional Malay kite. OB = 3 AO . If the angle POQ is 80 and the length of arc PQ is 14. Given that the length of arc DCF is 18. of two concentric circle with centre O. Given that APB is an arc of a circle with centre O and radius 25 cm.6 radians.142 ) SPM 2000 1. The diagram shows the position of a simple pendulum that swings from P to Q. find (a) the length of OQ [3m] The diagram shows two sectors OAP and OBQ.75 cm.4 cm. Calculate AOB (a) ∠ (b) the area of segment AGBH ( c) the area of the shaded region (Use π = 3. The diagram shows a sector MJKL with centre M and two sectors PJM and QML. OQT are straight lines.O having the same area. Find (a) the radius of sector MJKL [2m] (b) the perimeter of the shaded region [2m] (c) the area of sector PJM [2m] (d) the area of the shaded region [4m] SPM 1999 1. Given the angle of major JML is 3. ∠ OR = 8 cm. and the length of arc PQ same as that arc QR Find (a) the length of PS (b) the length of arc ST 2. that has an axis of symmetry OR. wau bulan.5 rad. of two circles with centre P and Q respectively. Given OPS and POQ = 0. TQS is an arc of circle with centre R and radius 10 cm. Given ∠AOP = 0.

KOL is an arc of a circle with centre T. The diagram shows a sector. 2. (b) the area of the shaded region [4m] The diagram shows semicircle DAECF with centre Q and rhombus QAPC. OPQR of a circle with centre O and radius 5 cm.[5m] 2. Calculate (a) the radius of semicircle DAECF [1m] (b) the angle θ in radians [3m] (c) the area of sector QAEC [2m] (d) the area of the shaded region [4m] The diagram shows a circle. KATBL. SPM 2002 1. with centre O and radius 6 cm. Given the length of arc PQR is 7. find POR in radians (a) ∠ [2m] The diagram shows two sectors OAB and OCD of two concentric circles with centre O 38 .68 cm. AB = 6 cm and ∠ AOB (a) Find ∠ [1m] (b) Calculate the area of segment ABT [4m] (c) Show that the perimeter of the shaded region is 6 3 + 6 + 2π [5m] SPM 2001 1. Given AB is parallel to KOL = 1200 KL.

, where AOD and BOC are straight lines. Given OB = (k + 2) cm, OD = k cm and perimeter of the figure is 35 cm. Find (a) the value of k [3m] (b) the difference between the areas of sector OAB and OCD [2m] 2.

The length of the arc RS is 7.24 cm and the perimeter of the sector ROS is 25 cm. Find the value of θ in rad [3m] paper 2(section A) 1. Diagram 1 shows the sector POQ, centre O with radius 10 cm The point R on OP is such that OR : OP = 3 : 5

In the diagram, ABCD is a rectangle and OAED is a sector of a circle with centre O and radius 6 cm. Given O is the midpoint of AC.Calculate AOD in radians (a) ∠ [2m] (b) the perimeter of the shaded region [4m] ( c) the area of the shaded region [4m]

Diagram 1 Calculate (a) the value of θ , in rad, [3m] (b) the area of the shaded region , in cm2. [4m]

SPM 2004 paper 1 1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O SPM 2003 paper 1 1. Diagram 1 shows a sector ROS with centre O

Diagram 1

39

Given that the length of the major arc AB is The length of the minor arc AB is 16 cm and the angle of the major sector AOB is 2900 . Using π = 3.142, find (a) the value of θ , in radians, (Give your answer correct to four significant figures) (b) the length, in cm, of the radius of the circle [3m] paper2 (section B) 1. Diagram 1 shows a sector POQ of a circle, centre O. The point A lies on OP, the point B lies on OQ and AB is perpendicular to OQ. The length of OA = 8 cm and π ∠POQ = radian

6

45.51 cm, find the length, in cm, of the radius. (use π = 3.142) [3m] paper 2(section B) 1. Diagram 4 shows a circle PQRT, centre O and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the circle at Q. The straight lines, JO and KO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is an arc of a circle, centre O Calculate (a) the angle α , in terms of π [2m] (b) the length, in cm, of the arc JKL [4m] 2 (c) the area, in cm , of the shaded region [4m] SPM 2005 paper 1 1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O

It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 7 (Use π = 3.142 ) Calculate (a) the length, in cm, of AP (b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region, (c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region SPM 2006 paper 1 1. Diagram 7 shows sector OAB with centre O and sector AXY with centre a

40

RAQ is sector of a circle with centre A and has a radius of 14 m.

Diagram 7 Given that OB = 10 cm, AY = 4 cm, ∠ XAY =1.1 radians and the lengths of arc AB = 7 cm, calculate (c) the value of θ in radian (d) the area in cm2, of the shaded region Sector COQ is a lawn. The shaded region is a flower bed and has to be fenced. It is given COQ =1.956 that AC = 8 cm and ∠ radians [use π = 3.142] Calculate (a) the area, in m2 of the lawn [2m] (b) the length, in m, of the fence required for fencing the flower bed [4m] (c) the area, in m2, of the flower bed [4m]

paper 2 1. Diagram 4 shows the plan of a garden. PCQ is a semicircle with centre O and has a radius of 8 m.

SPM 2007

Paper 1

1. Diagram 4 shows a sector BOC of a 41

centre O and radius 10 cm inscribed in a sector APB of a circle. in cm2 of the coloured Region [4m] [use π = 3. Diagram 18 shows a circle with centre O and radius 10 cm. of shaded region [5 m] 2 SPM 2008 paper 1 1. of the shaded region [4 m] SPM 2007 paper 2 1. [Use π = 3. Diagram 4 shows a circle.142] Find (a) ∠QOR. The 42 . Given that P. The straight lines. of the arc AB SPM 2008 paper 2 1. Q and R are points such that OP = PQ and ∠OPR = 900. centre P.142] Calculate (a) the length. in cm. It is given that AD = 8 cm and BA =AO = OD = DC = 5 cm Find (a) the length. in cm. AP and PB. respectively. of the arc BC (b) the area. in cm 2 . Diagram shows two circles. in radians (b) the area. are tangents to the circle at point Q and point R.circle with centre O [5 m] (b) the area in cm .

in cm2. The straight line PQ is a common tangent to the circle at point P and point Q.142] Given that ∠PXR = θ radian.larger circle has centre X and radius 12 cm. of the colored region. (a) show that θ = 1. The circle touch at point R. in cm of the minor arc QR [3m] (c) calculate the area. The smaller circle has centre Y and radius 8 cm. [use π = 3. [5m] CHAPTER 9: DIFFERENTATION SPM 1993 43 .37 (to two decimal places) [2m] (b) calculate the length.

Given p = 2 x − 3 and y = − p 2 . 44 . (a) Find the value of lim n 2 − 4 n → 2 n−2 16 dy 2. estimate the value of SPM 1995 1. find the first principle (c) Find d 1 dx 2 x + 1 dy using dx (c) the small change in y. find if x = 2 . express d2y dy y 2 +x + 12 in terms of x.98 SPM 1997 1. dx x Hence. Find (a) the approximate change in x if thE rate of change in p is 3 units per second (b) dy in terms of x dx 3 1. Given y = 4 .98) 16 ′ (x ) (b) Given f ( x ) = ( 2 x − 3) 5 find f ′ 4 2. Given f ( x) = (1. Given y = x(3 − x) . The square base of the pyramid has an area of 36 cm2 and the height of the pyramid is 4 cm. find the value of x that satisfy the d2y dy equation y 2 + x + 12 dx dx 3. Given that f ( x ) = SPM 1994 1 − 2x 2 . Find the coordinates at the curve y = (2 x − 5) 2 where the gradient of the normal for the curve is SPM 1996 1. The gradient of the curve y = hx + 7 2 1 4 The k at x2 the point −1. dx dx Hence. (a) 2. (a) Given that y = 3 x 2 + 5 . 2. Water is poured into the container so that its surface area is 4p2 cm2 and its height from the vertex of the pyramid is h cm. find f '(x) 4x − 3 3. Differentiate y = 1 − 2x3 find f ' (x) x −1 4 − 3 using the first x principle 3. when x decreases from 2 to 1. Differentiate x 4 (1 + 3 x) 7 with respect to x.− is 2.1. Find the values of h and k diagram shows a container in the shape of a pyramid.

A cm 2 . calculate the rate of change in the volume of the space that is not filled with water if h = 2 cm. find 1 − 3x 2 ) 5 [4m] 2. Find the of change of its radius when its radius is 4 cm. [2m] d) Given the radius of the cylinder increases from 4 cm to 4.01. Given JK = x cm and KL = 6 cm (a) show that the area of the shaded region. Given the slant height of the cone is 2x cm. A cm2. is given by πx 2 A= − 6 x + 9π 4 16 x [3m] b)Calculate the minimum surface area of the block [3m] c) Given the surface area of the block 1 changes at a rate of 42 π cm 2 s − .003 cm. (ii) If the rate of change in the height of water is 0.(i) Show that the volume of the container that is filled with water is V = 3 (64 − h 3 ) 4 2. in terms of x dx (b) If x increases from 3 to 3.2 cm s-1. Given y = t − 2t 2 and x = 4t + 1 (a)Find dy . find f ' ( x) (x −2 . [5m] (b) The diagram shows a wooden block consisting of a cone on top of a cylinder with radius of x cm. find the approximate increase in the surface area of the block [2m] SPM 1999 1. Given that f ( x ) = 4 x (2 x −1) 5 . and the volume of the cylinder is 24 π cm 3 a) Prove that the total surface area of the block. is given by 2 A = 3π x + The diagram shows a rectangle JKLM inscribed in a circle. 45 . Given f ( x) = f ' (0) (b) Calculate the value of x so that the area of the shaded region is a minimum [5m] SPM 1998 1.

Differentiate the following expressions with respect to x (a) 1 + 3 x 4 [2m] 2x + 5 (b) 4 x +3 point A 4.(a) The straight line 4 y + x = k is the normal to the curve y = ( 2 x −1) 2 − 3 at point A. 3. Given that AC = x cm and the area of triangle ABC is A cm. find the maximum area of triangle ABC SPM 2001 46 . Given y = 3 x 2 − 4 x + 6 . Find (i) the coordinates of point A and the value of k (ii) the equation of the tangent at The diagram shows a box with a uniform cross section ABCDE . BC = 3x cm. calculate the radius of the circle after 4 second SPM 2000 1. its length increases at a rate of 0.0).1 cm s − 1 (use π = 3. find r in terms of k 4. If the tangent passes through the point (1. is given by equation V = 300 x − 48 x 2 (ii) Calculate (b) the value of x that makes V a maximum (c) the maximum value of V 3 (b) A piece of wire 60 cm long is bent to form a circle. Diameter AB can be adjusted so that point C which lies on the circumference can move such that AC + CB = 40 cm.142 ) (i) Calculate the rate of change in the radius of the circle (ii) Hence. x increases by 2%. Given AB = ED = (30-6x) cm. CD = 4x and AF = 2 cm (i) Show that the volume of the box V cm 3 . when the wire is heated. [2m] 3 (a) 2. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = 2 x 2 + r at the point x = k . When x = 5 . find an expressions for dL in dx [2m] terms of x and hence.find the corresponding small increase in t.(b) The diagram shows a toy in the shape of a semicircle with centre O. Find the corresponding rate of change of y.

98 (ii) the rate of change in y. y = 2x – x 2 The diagram shows a circle inside rectangle ABCD such that the circle is constantly touching the two sides of the rectangle.1. find (i) the small change in x. Find a.6 unit per second [5m] SPM 2002 3 2 1. 2. Using π = 3. find the rate of change in the area of ink blot at the instant when its 47 . Find the coordinates of point R [4m] the length and width of the rectangle that make the area of the shaded region a maximum (b) A drop of ink falls on a piece of paper and forms an expanding ink blot in the shape of a circle. Given p = (1 + t ) + t 5 2 dp and hence find the values of t dt dp =7 where dt Find 2. where AB and PQ are perpendicular to each other. Show that the area of the shaded region A = 4 +π 2 y 4 b. x-coordinate of the turning point of the graph of the function 3. when y decreases from 3 to 2. find the value of dy at the point dx (2. (i) If the radius of the ink blot increases at a constant rate of 18 mm for every 6 second. Hence. find 20 y − (a) The diagram shows the curve y = 3 x − x 2 that passes through the origin.142 . the values of h and k b. at the instant when x = 2 and the rate of change in x is 0. Given that graph of function k f ( x) = hx 3 + 2 has gradient function x 96 f ' ( x) = 3 x 2 − 3 where h and k are x constants. Given straight lines AB and PQ touch the curve at point O and point R respectively. Given the perimeter of ABCD is 40 cm a. Given f (r ) = of f (r ) when r→ ∞ 4 + 3r find limited value 5 − 2r (b) Given y = 2 x 3 − 5 x 2 + 7 . (a) 3).

(a) Diagram 2 shows a conical container of diameter 0. Find (a) the equation of the curve [3m] (b) the coordinates of the turning points of the curve and determine whether each of the turning points is a maximum or a minimum [5m] SPM 2005 1. Given that y = 14 x(5 − x) . in cm s-1.01 [3m] dy = 2 x + 2 and 3. The volume of water. find the value of x if x2 d2y dy + ( x − 1) + y =8 2 dx dx [4m] paper2(sectionB) 4. Differentiate 3 x 2 (2 x − 5) 4 with respect to x [3m] 2.2 m3 s-1 ( 3x − 5) 2 . Two variables x and y are related by the equation y = 3x + 2 . in a container is given by V = h 3 + 8h . use differentiation to find the small change in y when x increases from 3 to 3.4 m (use π = 3. Volume of a cone = 1 2 πr h ) 3 [4m] SPM 2003 paper2(section A) 1. Find the rate of change of the height of water. where h cm is the height of the water in the container. V cm3. Given that h( x) = h" (1) 1 x [3m] (b) Hence. (a) Given that dx y = 6 when x = −1 .radius is 5 mm (ii) Using differentiation. x Given that y increases at a constant rate of 4 units per second. find the rate of change of x when x = 2 [3m] paper 2(section B) 3. calculate (a) the value of x when y is a maximum (c) the maximum value of y [3m] 2. -12) is 3x 2 − 6 x .5m.02 mm Calculate the rate of change of the height of the water level at the instant when the height of the water level is 0. find y in terms of SPM 2004 1. The gradient function of a curve which passes through A(1.142. evaluate [4m] 1 3 2. find the approximate value of the area ink blot at the instant when its radius is 5. Water is poured into the container at the rate of 10 cm3 s-1.6 m and height 0.Water is poured into the container at a constant rate of 0. Given that y = x 2 + 5 x . at the instant when its height is 2 cm [3m] 48 .

where p is a constant. The curve y = x 2 − 32 x + 64 has a minimum point at x = p .3) is parallel to the straight line y + x − 5 = 0 . where p is a constant. [4m] [4m] 3. Find the equation of the normal to the curve at point P. It is given that the gradient of the normal at P is − Find the coordinates of P [3m] 2. A curve with gradient function 2 x − has a turning point at (k. Given that y = 3x 2 + x − 4 (a) find the value of dy when x =1 dx (b) express the approximate change in y. The normal to the curve y = x 2 − 5 x at point P is parallel to the straight line y = −x +12 . A curve has a gradient function px 2 − 4 x . where 2 3 dy u = 3 x − 5 . when x changes from 1 to 1 + p. Find in terms of x dx 1 4 dy = 3kx + 5 . the approximate change in y when x changes from 4 to 4 + h. It is given that y = u 7 . in terms of h. Find (a) the value of p (b) the equation of the curve SPM 2006 Paper 1 1. The tangent to the curve at the point (1. in terms of p. 8) (a) Find the value of k [3 m] (b) determine whether the turning point is a maximum or minimum point [2 m] ( c) find the equation of the curve [3 m] SPM 2007 Paper 1 2 x2 49 . where k is a constant. The curve y = f ( x) is such that paper2(sectionA) 3. dx The gradient of the curve at x = 2 is 9 Find the value of k [2 m] 2.1. where p is small value SPM 2007 Paper 2 1. where h is a small value [3m] 2. Find the value of p [3 m] SPM 2008 Paper 1 1. The point P lies on the curve y = ( x − 5) 2 . x Express. Two variables x and y are related by the 16 equation y = 2 .

[1m] (c ) If the length of PR is reduced while the length of PQ and angle PQR are maintained. calculate the length of PR so that only one [2m] ∆PQR can be form 2.SPM 1993 1. Given that AB = 3 cm. [5m] 50 . (a) if the fence want to build along the boundary BC. The diagram shows a ∆PQR (a) Calculate obtuse angle PQR [2m] (b) Sketch and label another triangle which is different from triangle PQR in the diagram. BCD is a straight line. ADB. calculate the total length is needed CHAPTER 10: SOLUTION OF TRIANGLE BCA (b) Calculate ∠ (c ) Given that the area of ∆FCG same with the area ∆ADE . calculate the length of CD 2. In the diagram. and AEGC is a straight line Given that sin ∠BAC = 12 13 ABC The diagram shows a pyramid with ∆ as the horizontal base. BFC. The diagram shows a land form triangle. divide by three parts. ABC. BC = 4 cm and ∠ABC = 90 0 and vertex D is 4 cm vertically above B. where the lengths of PQ and QR as well as angle PQR are maintained. Calculate the length of GC SPM 1994 1. calculate the area of the slanting face.

D and E lie on a flat horizontal surface. 1. Given BCD is a ACB is an obtuse angle and straight line. B. Calculate JQL (a) ∠ [4m] JQL (b) the area of ∆ [2m] 2. BD = 5 cm. BC and ∠ BAC are maintained [3m] SPM 1998 The diagram shows a cuboid. CD = 8 cm and AE = 12 cm. In the diagram. C.SPM 1995 1. Find BDC (a) ∠ (b) the length of AD 51 . ∠ the area of ∆ADE = 20 cm2. BDE and ADC are a straight lines. The diagram shows a triangle ABC Calculate (a) the length of AB (b) the new area of triangle ABC if AC is lengthened while the lengths of AB. In the diagram. 1. Calculate 4 where 5 (a) the length of AC correct to two decimal places [3m] ABC (b) ∠ [2m] SPM 1996 1. calculate (a) the length of AD (b) ∠DAE SPM 1997 In the diagram. sin ∠ADC = ∠ ADC is an obtuse angle. points A. BC = 7cm.

JKL is a triangle with side JK = 10 cm. PQR is a straight line. Express the length of BD in terms of (a) α (b) β The diagram shows a pyramid VABCD with a square base ABCD. SPM 2000 1. Calculate VTU (a) ∠ (b) the area of plane VTU SPM 1999 1. Given that sin ∠KJL = 0. Hence.36 . Calculate the length of PS The diagram shows a trapezium ABCD Calculate CBD (a) ∠ (b) the length of straight line AC 2. Calculate 52 . The lengths of straight lines DC and CB are 3 cm and 6 cm respectively. The diagram shows a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD. VD is vertical and base ABCD is horizontal.JLK (a) ∠ JKL (b) the area of ∆ 2. show that cos α = 2. 11 29 In the diagram.456 and sin ∠JKL = 0.

The diagram shows a pyramid with a triangular base PQR whish is on a horizontal plane. The diagram shows a tent VABC in the shape of a pyramid with triangle ABC as the horizontal base. 53 Given that VB = VC = 2. Given PQ = 4 cm. V is the vertex of the tent and the angle between the inclined plane VBC and the base is 500 Calculate (a) the length of QR (b) the area of the slanting face SPM 2002 1.SPM 2001 1.2 m and AB = AC = 2. VR = 15 cm and ∠ VQR = 80 0 The diagram shows a prism with a uniform triangular cross-section PTS. calculate (a) the length of BC if the area of the . Vertex V is vertically above P. The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD. Given the volume of the prism is 315 cm3. Given AD is the longest side of triangle ABD and the area of triangle ABD is 10 cm2 Calculate (a) ∠BAD (b) the length of BD ( c) the length of BC 2.6 m. PV = 10 cm. Find the total surface area of the rectangular faces [5m] SPM 2003 1.

in cm. The diagram shows triangle ABC 1. but which is different in shape to triangle ABC (i) Sketch the triangle A'B'C' (ii) State the size of ∠ A'B'C' [2m] (a) Calculate the length. calculate (i) the length. of quadrilateral ABCD [8m] (b) A triangle A'B'C' has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC. of AC [2m] (b) A quadrilateral ABCD is now formed so that AC is a diagonal. C'B' = 9. ∠ACD = 40 0 and AD = 16 cm Calculate the two possible values ADC of ∠ [2m] ADC (c ) By using the acute ∠ from (b). in cm2. The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD ABC is acute such that ∠ (a) Calculate ABC (i) ∠ ADC (ii) ∠ (iii) the area. A'C' = 12. of the quadrilateral ABCD 54 .base is 3 m2 (b) the length of AV and the base is 250 (c ) the area of triangle VAB SPM 2005 SPM 2004 1. of CD (ii) the area.50.5 cm and ∠ B 'A'C' = 40. in cm2. that is. in cm.3 cm.

of AC ACB (b) ∠ [4 M] ii. in cm. Point A’ lies on AC such that A’ B = AB (i) sketch ∆A ’BC (ii) calculate the area. of BD [2 m] (c) ∠ABD [3 m] (d) the area. of ∆A ’BC [6 M] 55 .cyclic quadrilateral=sisi empat kitaran vertical = mencancang horizontal = mengufuk obtuse angle = sudut cakah slanting face = permukaan condong acute = tirus formed = dibentuk diagonal = pepenjuru SPM 2006 1. quadrilateral ABCD [3 m] i. Diagram 7 shows quadrilateral ABCD Diagram 5 The area of triangle BCD is 13 cm2 and ∠ BCD is acute Calculate BCD (a) ∠ [2 m] (b) the length. Diagram 5 shows a quadrilateral ABCD SPM 2006 1. in cm. in cm 2 . Calculate (a) the length. in cm2.

if Ali’s monthly income in the year 1998 is RM 800. find the monthly income required in the year 1992 so that the increases in his income is in line with the increases in his expenses [5m] SPM 1994 1.40 and 160. correct to the nearest ringgit. The table below shows the price indices and weightages of four items in the year 1994 based on the year 1990. if the total monthly Item Shirt Trousers Bag Shoes Price Index Weightage 100 N 110 6 140 2 100 4 expenses of the Yusris’ household in the year 1990 is RM 850 Find the composite index in the year 1992 by using the year 1998 as the base year.Monthly expenses Food House rental Entertainment CHAPTER 11: INDEX NUMBER Clothing Others SPM 1993 1. of the monthly expenses in the Yusnis’ household (b) the total monthly expenses in the year 1993. calculate the price of a kilogram of rice in the year 1990. The table that follows shows the price indices in the year 1993 based on the year 1990 SPM 1995 1. (a) In the year 1995. correct to the nearest integer. 56 . The table below shows the monthly expenses of Ali’s family Year Expenses Food Transportation Rental Electricity & water Price Index 130 115 110 115 130 1998 RM 320 RM 80 RM 280 RM 40 1992 RM 384 RM 38 RM 322 RM 40 Calculate (a) the composite price index. Hence. Using the year 1990 as the base year. Given the composite price index in the year 1994 is RM 114 Calculate (a) the value of n (b) the price of a shirt in 1994 if its price in 1990 is RM 40 SPM 1996 1. The pie chart below shows the distribution of the monthly expenses in the Yusnis’ household in the year 1990. the price and price index of a kilogram of a certain grade of rice are RM 2.

20 [6m] Calculate (a) the value of m . is 127. using the year 1996 as the base year. Wi 5-x x 4 base year and 150 when 1993 is used as the base year. The composite index number of the data in the below table is 108 Find the value of x [4m] Wood Cement Iron Steel 5 4 2 1 SPM 2000 1. Given the composite price index in the 1998. Food item Fish Prawn Chicken Beef Cuttlefish Price index 140 120 125 115 130 Weightages 4 2 4 3 X Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996 [3m] SPM 1997 1. Item Price Index 1994 180 116 140 124 Changes to Price index from 1994 to 1996 Increases 10% Decreases 5% No change No change Weightages SPM 1998 1. The price index of a certain item in the year 1997 is 120 when 1995 is used as the Index number. Item P Q R Price index 120 150 m Weightage 2 n 3 [2m] 57 Calculate (a) the value of x [4m] (b) the price of a kilogram of chicken in the year 1998 if the price of a kilogram of chicken in the year 1996 is RM 4. The below table shows the price indices and weightages of three items in the year 1995 based on the year 1990.Given the price of item R in the year 1990 and 1995 are RM 30 and RM 33 respectively. The table below shows the price indices and weightages of 5 types of food items in the year 1998 using the year 1996 as the base year. calculate its price in the year 1993 SPM 1999 1. Ii 105 94 120 Weightages. Given the price of the item in the year 1995 is RM 360.[2m] (b) the value n [2m] (b) The above table shows the price indices in the year 1994 using 1992 as the base year. changes to price indices from the year 1994 to 1996 and their weightages respectively. and the composite price index in the year 1995 is 130.

By using 1998 as the base year.80 in the year 1999. find the value of y 58 . find the values of x and y [5m] Price index x 98 123 Weightage 5 y 14 . The table below shows the prices of three items A. Hence. as well as their weightages (a) Using the year 1996 as the base year. price indices and the number of three items Pric e Year 1999 55 40 80 Price Index (Base year 1999) 120 150 125 Price (RM) in 1996 70 80 60 Price (RM) in 1998 105 100 67. The table below shows the prices. B and C in the year 1996 and 1998. The table below shows the prices indices of items A. find the value of y if the composite price index is 113 Item A B C SPM 2002 1. and C with their respective weightages. B and C (b) Given the composite price index of these items in the year 1998 based on the year 1996 is 140. B. calculate the price indices of items A.50 Weightage % Y X 2x 2.Type of item A B C SPM 2001 1.00 and increases to RM 13. calculate the value of x. Given the price of P in the year 1996 is RM 12.y Item (RM) Year 2000 66 x 100 Number of items 200 500 y A B C (a) Find the value x (b) If the composite price index of the three items in the year 2000 using year 2000 as the base year is 136.5.

00 z P Q R S T Price Index in 1995 based on 1990 175 125 y 150 120 (a) Find the value of (i) x (ii) y (iii) z (b) Calculate the composite index for the items in the year 1995 based on the year 1990 (b) The composite index number of the lost of biscuits production for the year 1995 based on the year 1993 is 128.00 RM 6.00 RM 4. The diagram below show is a bar chart indicating the weekly cost of the items P. The table below shows the price indices and percentage of usage of four items. Q.70 (ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the year 1993 based on the year 1991 is 120 [5m] Item P Q R S Price index for the year 1995 based on the year 1993 135 x 105 130 Percentage of usage (%) 40 30 10 20 Items Price in 1990 x RM 2. Table 1 shows the prices and the price indices for the items.70 RM 2. Q.( c) The total monthly cost of the items in the year 1990 is RM 456 (d) The cost of the items increases by 20% from the year 1995 to the year 2000. Calculate (i) the value of x (ii) the price of a box of biscuits in the year 1993 if the corresponding price in the year 1995 is RM 32 [5m] 59 . R. Find the composite index for the year 2000 based on the year 1990 SPM 2003 1.50 Price in 1995 RM 0.50 RM 9. P.50 RM 5. S and T for the year 1990.00 RM 2. 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 P Q R ITEMS S T WEEKLY COST (RM) SPM 2004 1. R and S which are the main ingredients in the production of a type of biscuits (a) Calculate (i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM 37.

00 x Y 4. and S used in making these biscuits Ingredients Price per kg Year Year 200 2004 1 0.60 z 0. R and S. Diagram below shows a pie chart which represents the relative amount of the ingredients P. The table below shows the prices and the price indices for the four ingredients P. Table shows the prices of the ingredients P Q R S Ingredient P Q R S Price per kilogram (RM) Year 2004 Year 2005 5.(c) The cost of making these biscuits is expected to increase by 50% from the year 2004 to the year 2007 Find the expected composite index for the year 2007 based on the year 2001 [2m] SPM 2005 1.80 1.00 W 2.40 (a) The index number of ingredient P in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 120. Q.00 4.5 Calculate (i) The price of a cake in the year 60 (a) Find the value of x. y and z [3m] (b) (i) calculate the composite index for the cost of making these biscuits in the year 2004 based on the year 2001 (ii) Hence. Q. A particular kind of cake is made by using four ingredients P.40 0.50 4.00 y 0. calculate the corresponding cost of making these biscuits in the year 2001 if the cost in the year 2004 was RM 2985 [5m] . Calculate the value of w [2m] (b) The index number of ingredient R in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 125.00 more than its corresponding price in the year 2004. R. Calculate the value of x and of y [3m] (c) The composite index for the cost of making the cake in the year 2005 based on the year 2004 is 127. Q.00 2.40 Price index for the year 2004 based on the year 2001 x 140 150 80 SPM 2006 1. R and S used in making biscuits of a particular kind. The price per kilogram of ingredient R in the year 2005 is RM 2.

R.00 3.20 6.70 2. R and S used are in the ratio of 7 : 3 : m : 2 [3m] Component P Q R S T Price (RM) for the year 1.20 x 4. Table 4 shows the prices and the price indices of five components.00 2.60 (ii) the value of m if the quantities of ingredients P. Q.2004 if its corresponding price in the year 2005 is RM30. calculate the corresponding cost in the year 2008 [4m] Price index for the year 2006 based on the year 2004 125 110 150 y 140 SPM 2007 1.00 1. P. Q.80 (c) The price of each component increases by 20% from the year 2006 to the year 2008 Given that the production cost of one toy in the year 2004 is RM 55. used to produce a kind of toy Diagram 6 shows a pie chart which represents the relative quantity of components used Diagram 6 (a) Find the value of x and of y [3m] (b) Calculate the composite index for the production cost of the toys in the year 2006 based on the year 2004 [3m] 61 . S and T.00 2.50 2.