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Overview

Siemens

Overview

Contents
1 Overview of the SSS Signaling 3

TM3101EU02TM_0001
2003 Siemens AG

Siemens

Overview

TM3101EU02TM_0001
2003 Siemens AG

Overview

Siemens

Overview of the SSS Signaling

Overview

SIEMENS

SIEMENS

Fig. 1

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Overview

The final objective of this course is to enable the participant to detect signaling errors and inconsistencies by means of the protocol tester and of the connection tracer. The connection tracer will be used in agreement with Siemens departments. For this reason, we are going to study various GSM-relevant signaling protocols, the ISDN User Part and the system internal signaling. The system-external signaling in accordance with GSM and ITU-CCITT standards is the main part of this course. The following interfaces of a GSM-PLMN have been identified and will be discussed in this course: the Air interface (interface Um) between mobile station and base station. This interface will be discussed at length in chapter 2. the A-interface between base station and MSC. This interface will be dealt with in chapter 3 and 4. the C-interface between MSC and HLR the D-interface between VLR and HLR the E-interface between MSC the F-interface between MSC and EIR. the G-interface between VLR. These interfaces (C, D, E, F and G) are subject-matters of the chapters 3 and 5. The B-interface is defined between an MSC and its associated VLR. However, since MSC and VLR are always integrated to one D900 entity, we shall not discuss the Binterface in detail. For the same reason, GSM has dropped, with the introduction of phase 2, the sophisticated B-interface specifications as they were given in phase 1. The so-called Abis-interface (BSS internal, between BSC and BTS) is not a subject of this course either, since the course is confined to the SSS. The air interface, however, will be dealt with in great detail because it influences directly (via the socalled Direct Transfer Application Part - DTAP, see chapter 4) the SSS proceedings.

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2003 Siemens AG

Overview

Siemens

Chapter 2

Um
Chapter 3 and 4 BSS A MS
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EIR

MSC E
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C D

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VLR G

HLR AC

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Chapter 3 and 5

Fig. 2 Standardized signaling in a GSM-PLMN

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Overview

All the relevant interfaces, with the exception of the air interface, make use of the common channel signaling system 7 (CCS7) according to the CCITT recommendations Q.700 ff.. With this signaling system, the signaling channel has a packet structure; thus, it can transmit signaling packets of variable length. The signaling packets have a frame of fixed format, the Message Transfer Part (MTP). Various User Parts can be embedded into this frame, but only one User Part per frame. With a GSM-PLMN, the proper call set up utilizes a user channel related User Part (e.g. the ISDN User Part ISDN-UP, or the Telephone User Part TUP). However, the PLMN specific signaling uses throughout the Signaling Connection Control Part (SCCP) which enhances the MTP functions. Application Parts, in due course, can be embedded into the SCCP. At the A-interface (i.e. between BSS and SSS), the Base Station System Application Part (BSSAP) is used. On the other hand, the interfaces B, C, D, E, F and G make use of the Transaction Capabilities Application Part (TCAP) endowed with the Mobile Application Part (MAP). The MTP is not a subject-matter of this course; rather, a basic knowledge about the MTP is presupposed. In this connection we refer to the CCS7 basic course. From the user channel related User Parts, the ISDN-UP will be explained in chapter 7. The TUP will not be discussed, nor will the methods of Channel-Associated Signaling, since they are no typical for a GSM-PLMN. The SCCP - as far as D900 relevant - will be treated in chapter 3 of this course. Therefore, this chapter holds for the interface BSS-SSS as well as for the interfaces between the SSS subunits. Chapter 4 treats the BSSAP whilst TCAP and MAP are described in chapter 5.

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2003 Siemens AG

Overview

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Chapter 5 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 BSSAP SCCP MTP MAP TCAP SCCP MTP

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SSS
ISDN-UP

B,C,D,F,G
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another MSC another PLMN PSTN

Fig. 3 Applications of CCS7 in a GSM-PLMN

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TM3101EU02TM_0001
2003 Siemens AG

Siemens

Overview

Besides the system-external signaling (by GSM standards), we shall discuss in this course the system-internal signaling (by Siemens standards) as well. Therefore, in chapter 7, we are going to discuss at length the messages, commands, reports and orders between CP, LTG and CCNC, and in chapter 8, our subject of discussion is going to be the so-called Concentrator User Part (CUP), i.e. the signaling between LTG and DLU. Here, we shall confine ourselves to the case of the DSU. It is not possible to trace the system-internal signaling with the K1103. To get the informations about the message flow between CP and LTG we use the connection tracer. A part of chapter 7 deals with this tracer.

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2003 Siemens AG

Overview

Siemens

DSU DSU

Chapter 8

LTG
Chapter 7

SN

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CCNC
Chapter 7 Chapter 7

CP

Fig. 4 System-internal signaling

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Overview

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TM3101EU02TM_0001
2003 Siemens AG