NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES AND NAUTICAL ENGINEERING

The Role of MCS in Fisheries Management
Assignment for the Management of Fishing Industry

FS/ 2010/ 013 P.D.I.S.Liyanage

All input controls. planning. including “preventative” MCS and “deterrent” MCS activities.Role of MCS in fisheries management Fisheries management The integrated process of information gathering. Data collection and analysis – This includes the studies and collection data of socio economy. Merging of MCS and fisheries management  Collecting data and analysis for operational and management planning can be defined as Monitoring (M)  Establishing and improving the required legislative components. Food and Agricultural Organization defined terms MCS as “monitoring”. 2. catchable species and their sizes. analysis. “control” and “surveillance”. gear control. limitation of harvest and quota values and other relevant rules and restrictions which support the management plans are referred as Controlling (C) Using the “Preventive” and “Deterrent” techniques the implementation of the plan is “Surveillance”  . vessel size evaluation. This is one of the key components for the implementation of fisheries management plants today. of regulations or rules which govern fisheries activities in order to ensure the continued productivity of the resources and the accomplishment of other fisheries objectives Fisheries management has following components 1. Participatory Management Planning – Is the planning of management policies and zones 3. decisionmaking. consultation. allocation of resources and formulation and implementation. It encompasses the development and establishment of supporting legislative instruments and the actual implementation of management plans through participatory techniques and strategies. catch or production studies etc. controlling ways like licensing. operational and output controls should be included 4. population. Legal Instruments – To implement management plans the support of legal instruments is necessary. Implementation – Established management measures combine with participatory and community based management MCS In 1981. with enforcement as necessary.

This includes  inspection. Voluntary compliance will fail if stakeholders see non-compliant fishers successfully evading the law and thereby gaining illegal returns to the detriment of the compliant fishers. This includes     Community awareness and understanding the management practices (through seminars) Public awareness and Communication campaigns Participatory management practicing Accurate and verifiable data collection regimes etc.Preventive approach Preventive approach is useful to encourage the “voluntary compliance” which is an alternative to the state-imposed regulations on company's behavior. Deterrent approach Necessary to ensure compliance by fishers who resist the regulatory regime to the detriment of both the fishery and the economic returns to their brother and sister fishers.  investigation. .  prevention and court activities to enforce the law.

unreported and unregulated fishing and enhance the conservation Improve monitoring programmes and enhance the transparency of fishing activities (e.       Officers can exercise the powers related to coastal.The Legal Framework for Effective MCS in Fisheries Management The legal framework supporting MCS activities can be grouped into three categories (a) International instruments (b) Regional instruments (not legally but politically binding) (c) National legislation. The key roles of domestic law are. Satellite based vessel monitoring systems-VMS) Identifying enforcement issues relating to maritime boundaries and delimitation Improving the existing sanctions and range of compliance mechanisms Safety procedures . International instruments MCS-related provisions:      The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea FAO Compliance Agreement The UN Fish Stocks Agreement FAO Code of Conduct FAO Plans of Action Regional instruments A number of regional organizations and institutions (fisheries specific and general) also provide the context and basis for the development and implementation of coordinated MCS measures The role of domestic law Domestic legislation plays an important role in the effective development and implementation of MCS measures. and related fields Can reduce the international and regional based illegal.g.

1995. November 2009. Australia. . Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS) University of Wollongong. Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Control and Surveillance (MCS) Curriculum and Training Programme. FAO Fisheries technical paper 415 Peter Flewwelling 2001. FAO/Norway Government Cooperative Programme Monitoring. FAO.Reference Recent trends in monitoring. FAO. Fish code MCS fisheries management and MCS in south Asia: comparative analysis. Rome. control and surveillance systems for capture fisheries.

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