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SIEVE ANALYSIS DETERMINATION OF PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION BY DRY SIEVING

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OBJECTIVE

All type of soil have a differents particle of size such as coarse soils or fine soils. This test covers the quantitative determination of the particle size distribution in a soil down to the fine and size. From this it is possible to determine whether the soil consists of predominantly gravel, sand, silt or clay size. Which of these sizeranges is likely to control the engineering propertise of the soil. So, this method shall not be used unless it has been shown that for the type of material under it gives the same results as the methods of analysis by wet sieving.

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PROCEDURE

British Standard test sieves 5mm, 3.35mm, 2mm, 1.18mm, 600m,425m,300m, 212m, 150m, 63m, and an appropriate the receiver

A balance accurate to 0.5 g

Sieve brushes

A mechanical sieve shaker

A thermostatically controllead oven

Metal tray

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PROCEDURE

NO. DIAGRAM 1.

PROCEDURE All of British Standard test sieve must be weight to get 0.1% of its total mass by using balance readeble. Weighed the sample soil 200 g to use for this test.

2.

Arrange the sieve with the formation from the larger of sieve to smaller becouse the sample will down througt the sieve from top to above.

3.

put in the sample in the top of sieve for sieving process

4.

Closed the opening in the top of sieve and set up the British Standard test sieve to the mechanical sieve shaker. The minumum time needed is 10 minute.

5.

After finished the sieving process. The soil sample will be place in a stack of sieve. Its will shown the different of sample soil from the course soil to the fine soils. Weighed all the sieve to make a calculation.

6.

The diferent type particle of soil sample must place in the metal tray.

7.

Finally, all of British Standard test sieves must be clean by using sieve brushes. All the data must be calculate to get their percentage.

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CONCLUSION

In the experiment, we can conclude the different type of soil has the different particle of size such as coarse soil and fine soil. In this experiment, the procedure given is to remove the silt soil and clay soil. This method covers the quantitative determination of particle size distributiom in an essentially cohesion less soil down to fine sand size.

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RESULT

FORM 2.M Location : In the soil lab at FSPU, UiTM Shah Alam, Selangor Job ref. Borehole/ Pit no. Soil description Sample no. Depth Test method Initial dry mass BS test sieve BS 1377 : Part2 : 1990 : 9.2/9.3/9.4 m1 Mass retained g (w)(g) actual corrected m 5mm 2mm 1.18mm 0.6mm 0.425mm 0.3mm 0.212mm 0.15mm 0.063mm Total (check with m1) 535 528 491 480 453 449 422 438 436 535 535 524 537 480 473 444 453 350 0 7 33 57 27 24 22 15 14 200 (m1) Operator Checked Approved Percentage Cumulative retained percentage passing ( ) 100 0 3.5 16.5 28.5 13.5 12 11 7.5 7 100 96.5 80 51.5 38 26 15 7.5 0.5 200g Date m 18/9/2012

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FORM 2.N
Location Soil Description Job ref. Borehole/Pit no Sample no. Depth m

Test method
63 m 100 90 212

BS 1377 : Part 2: 1990 : 9.2/9.3/9.4/9.6/9.7 *


600 m 2 6.3 150300 425 20 1.18 37.5 63 3.35 5 10 14 28 50 75mm

Date

BS sieve aperture size, mm

80

70 Percentage passing 60

50

40

30 20

10 0

0.002

0.006

0.02

0.06

0.2

0.6

2 Particle size mm

20

60

200

CLAY

Fine

Medium SILT

Coarse

Fine

Medium SAND

Coarse

Fine

*Delete as appropriate

Medium Coarse GRAVEL Operator

COBBLES BOULDERS Checked Approved