=50 m/s
=0
=/2
3
workspace
4
The wing of an aircraft flies through air at V
=1.0 kg/m
3
and pressure P
=1.0 kg/m
3
P
=100 kpa
x
y
V
Upper Surface
Lower Surface
x =2

.

\

=
2
sin
x
C
p
P =105 kpa
5
workspace
6
A rectangular control volume is draw around an airfoil moving through air as shown. The
pressure and density are constant on all control volume boundary surfaces ( P
,
). The
entering velocity at 1 is U
,
,
, h and b;
a) Use continuity to find the value of the constant velocity v
4
( 3 marks)
b) The total lift force on the airfoil ( 3 marks )
c) The total drag force on the airfoil ( 4 marks )
Boundaries:
1. Uniform velocity; U
,
entering
2. No flow through surface
3. Velocity, U
3
(y), shown
4. Uniform velocity v
4
, in y
direction only
v
4
=constant
U
(

.

\

=
h
y
U y U
sin 5 . 0 1 ) (
3
L
D
y=h
y=0
x
x =0
x =b
7
workspace
8
Useful Trigonometric Integral Formulas
= ) cos(
1
) sin( ax
a
dx ax
= ) sin(
1
) cos( ax
a
dx ax
= ) 2 sin(
4
1
2
) ( sin
2
ax
a
x
dx ax
 
+ = 2 ) ( sin ) cos(
3
1
) ( sin
2 3
ax ax
a
dx ax
+ = ) 4 sin(
32
1
) 2 sin(
4
1
8
3
) ( sin
4
ax
a
ax
a
x
dx ax
+ = ) 2 sin(
4
1
2
) ( cos
2
ax
a
x
dx ax
 
+ = 2 ) ( cos ) sin(
3
1
) ( cos
2 3
ax ax
a
dx ax
+ + = ) 4 sin(
32
1
) 2 sin(
4
1
8
3
) ( cos
4
ax
a
ax
a
x
dx ax
= = )) ln(sec(
1
)) ln(cos(
1
) tan( ax
a
ax
a
dx ax
= = )) ln(sin(
1
)) ln(csc(
1
) cot( ax
a
ax
a
dx ax
+ = + = ))
2 4
ln(tan(
1
)) tan( ) ln(sec(
1
) sec(
ax
a
ax ax
a
dx ax
= = ))
2
ln(tan(
1
)) cot( ) ln(csc(
1
) csc(
ax
a
ax ax
a
dx ax
= ) cos( ) sin(
1
) sin(
2
ax
a
x
ax
a
dx ax x
= ) cos(
2
) sin(
2
) sin(
3
2 2
2
2
ax
a
x a
ax
a
x
dx ax x
= ) cos(
6
) sin(
6 3
) sin(
3
3 2
4
2 2
3
ax
a
x x a
ax
a
x a
dx ax x
+ = ) sin( ) cos(
1
) cos(
2
ax
a
x
ax
a
dx ax x
+ = ) sin(
2
) cos(
2
) cos(
3
2 2
2
2
ax
a
x a
ax
a
x
dx ax x
= ) sin(
6
) cos(
6 3
) cos(
3
3 2
4
2 2
3
ax
a
x x a
ax
a
x a
dx ax x
= ) ( sin
2
1
) cos( ) sin(
2
ax
a
dx ax ax
= ) 4 sin(
32
1
8
) ( cos ) ( sin
2 2
ax
a
x
dx ax ax
+
=
+
a m
ax
dx ax ax
m
m
) 1 (
) ( cos
) ( cos ) sin(
1
+
=
+
a m
ax
dx ax ax
m
m
) 1 (
) ( sin
) cos( ) ( sin
1
2 2
;
) ( 2
) ) sin((
) ( 2
) ) sin((
) sin( ) sin( n m
n m
x n m
n m
x n m
dx nx mx
+
+
2 2
;
) ( 2
) ) sin((
) ( 2
) ) sin((
) cos( ) cos( n m
n m
x n m
n m
x n m
dx nx mx
+
+
+
2 2
;
) ( 2
) ) cos((
) ( 2
) ) cos((
) cos( ) sin( n m
n m
x n m
n m
x n m
dx nx mx
+
+