Problem Sheet – 1

1. State what types of numbers of the following:
1
3
3
0, 3, -2,
, − , π,
3,
1 , 2.71828, 4
2
4
4
2. Place an appropriate inequality sign ‘>’ or ‘<’ between each pair of real numbers
given below:
(i)

1
2
and
(ii) − 4 and − 5
2
3

(iii) −

3
1
and −
5
2

(iv) −

5
6
and −
9
7

64
(ii) 6 12 + 2 75 − 3 98
(iii) 3 − 8 × 3 64 (iv) (4 3 x ) 2 y
3
3
1
1
( 4 x 2 ) 3 (6 x 3 ) 2
e x −3
+
(v) x − 4 (vi) (2e1.2 x ) 3 (vii) 27 3 × 8 3 (viii)
(2 x 3 ) 2 (3 x 2 ) 3
e

3. Simplify:

(i)

(ix)
(xii)

p
q

m
p q

n

x .x . x n

(x)

x − m .x n −1 .x m +1

9(4 x ) 2
16 x +1 − 2 x +1.8 x

(xi)

3 5.27 3.9 4
3(81) 4

2 m +3.3 2m − n .5 m + n +3.6 n +1
6 m +1.10 n +3.15 m

4. (a) If 4 x = 8 y , then find

x
x
. (b) If 27 x = 9 y , then find .
y
y

5. Find the value of (i) (81) 0.5
(iv)

(ii) (0.001)1 / 3 (iii)

2 n + 2 n −1
2 n +1 − 2 n

(v)

(.3)1 / 3 .(1 / 27)1 / 4 .(9)1 / 6 .(0.81) 2 / 3
(0.9) 2 / 3 .(3) −1 / 2 .(1 / 3) − 2 .(243) −1 / 4

21 / 2 × 31 / 3 × 41 / 4
10 −1 / 5 × 5 3 / 5

÷

3 4 / 3 × 5 −7 / 5
4 −3 / 5 × 6

6. Factorize the following expressions:
(i) y 2 + y − 6

(ii) x 4 y 4 − 4x 2 (iii) m 4 − 81 (iv) 2 x 2 − x − 3 (v) 6 x 3 − 3 x 2 − 3 x

7. Solve the following equations:
(i) 2 x 2 + 3 x − 1 = 0 (ii) 2 x 2 + 7 x − 15 = 0 (iii) 3 x 2 + 7 x − 13 = 0 (iv)

7
9
=
x−4 x−2

1
1
1
2 x + 1 x x − 3 5x − 1
+ −
=
=

(vi)
(vii) 5 x 2 + 9 x + 4 = 0
3
4
2
6
x + 2 x +1 x + 3
(viii) x 4 − 10 x 2 + 9 = 0 (ix) ( x + 1)( x + 3)( x + 4)( x + 6) = 72 (x) 5 x + 5 2−x = 26
(v)

(xi) x + x =

6
25

x+3

x −3

2x − 3

+
=
(xii) x 4 − 13x 2 + 36 = 0 (xiii)
x+2 x−2
x −1

1

8. Solve the following inequalities and hence show it in a number line:
x2 − x
(i) 2 x − 16 > 0 (ii) 5 x + 25 < 20 (iii) 16 − 4 x ≤ 0 (iv)
< 2x + 3
2
(v) − 2 x + 25 ≥ 21
(vi) x 2 − 2 x − 3 > 0
9. Show that (i)

 xa

 xb

(ii)

(iii)




a +b

m+ n

 xb
×
 xc

xm
xn

 q+r
 r− p
x




b+ c

2

2

× n+ p
1

 xc
×
 xa

xn




c+a

=1

2

xp

2

×

 p −q  r + p


×  x p−q




p+m
1

xp

2

xm

2

=1

 q −r  p + q


×  x q −r




2

1

 r− p

=1


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