1.1. Back water tourism now in karnataka 1.2. The back waters 1.3. Objectives 1.4. Scope 1.5. Research methodology 1.6. Statement of research problem


1.1. Back water tourism now in karnataka Paradise lagoon launches first houseboat in back water of coastal karnataka. Coastal Karnataka will now be on the world tourist map with back water tourism taking root at paradise lagoons. The spectacular yet uncharted backwaters of coastal karnataka were on the spotlight for the very first time with the launch of houseboats at paradise lagoons. Coastal karnataka will now be on the world tourism map with back water tourism taking root at paradise lagoons. The spectacular yet uncharted backwaters of coastal karnataka were on the spotlight for the very first time with the launch of houseboats at paradise lagoons. The paradise lagoon is situated in kemmannu hoode area of the unupi district. It is about an hour's dive from mangalore city, which is well connected by dir, rail and road. This awe

inspiring ridge of land is situated between the barbian sea and the river swarna, bestowing a distinctive character, which is not seen in other backwater locations in India. "We are thrilled to in it iota a venture that will showcase the stunningly beautiful Landscapes of coastal Karnataka. We

believe that this move will spt the tone for backwater tourism in Karnataka" said Y.R. Manohar, Managing Director of the


paradise clube and resorts, who set up the states first luxury seaside resort the paradise isle beach resort, three years back. House Boat: The houseboat is approximately 67 feet long 13 feet wide. It has a sun deck, spacious. The houseboat was inaugurated by Mr. I.M. Vittala, Principal secretary of tourism, Information, kannada and culture, govt of karnataka. Dr. C. somasekhara IAS, Director Department of tourism and Mrs. P. Hemalatha District commissioner of udupi. It was hosted by Mr. N.D. Tiwari, MD,

Jungle lodges and Resorts and Mr. Y.R. Monohar, Md. Paradise club and resorts. Paradise club and resorts: Paradise club and Resorts is a company with a focus on leisure hospitality. It resorthotels offer a full array of amenities for both business and leisure travelers including luxury

accommodation, fine dining fitness centers, spa, meeting rooms, conferencing facilities and a host of other leisure activities. The compay's first development paradise Isle Beach resort has the distinction of being the first high end beach resort in coastal

karnataka, which is emerging as the next-big tourist destination in india along the lines of kerala living dining area and two

private steeping quarters. The boat is made of natural eco


friendly materials like bamboo poles, coir, coconut fiber, ropes and bamboo mats. salarpowered fans, lights and bio-chemical

toilets also make the boathouse environment friendly. A cruise on the hovseboat offers spectacular views of the swaying palms, glimpses of the arabian see and beaches at certain points and fascinating visualso of the idyllic village life. The kemmannu hoode area is an ecological wonder and home to numberous migratory birds on the sand reefs as well as shellfish habitats in the shallow waters near thimman kudru. The flocks of cormorant, egret, herons, four species of moorhens, water seagulls, teals and the

ducks, siberian storks, purple horons,

different types of kingishers are a sight to water. 1.2. The Backwater: The undisputed main attraction of a trip to kerala is traveling through the 90km networks of waterways that fring the coast and trickle for inland. Long before the advent of roads these waterways were the slippery highways of klerala and many villagers today still use paddle power as transport. Trips through the backwaters crose shallow, palm – firnged lakes studded with cantilevered chinese fishing nets and travel along narrow, shady canals where coir (Coconut fibre) copra

(dried coconut meat) and cushews are loaded onto boats. Along


the way are small villages with mosques, churches, temples and school, villagers going about their daily chores and ting

settlements where people live on narrow spits of reclaimed lend dewy a few metres wide. 1.3. Objectives The main objective of the research is to study the back water based tourism in bhadra river project. The related objectives are: 1) 2) Main objective is to development of back water tourism. To identify the natural and man mate tourism

attractions. 3) 4) 5) To examine the existing tourism demand and supply. To know the satisfaction level of existing tourist. To identify back water r4esources can plal in economic revitalization and tourism development. 6) 7) To promote the development of back water destination. To evolv various promotional measares govt. for tourism development. 8) 9) To analyze the existing problems To existing of knowledge an the subject. adapted by


10) 11)

To survey an history of the place. Suggest ways in which the natural resources are utilized for the development of back water tourism.


Find out the calture differences host and huest.

1.4. Scop The study is confined to back water tourism destinations. The study is undertaken mainly for assessing the potentially of bhadra backwater tourism in BRP and also to highlight hidden tourism spots keping in view adventure tourism in BRP. This study is conducted in all most all the place of Bhadra back water tourism which posses natural, adventure, trekking, water sports activity and other types of tourism. 1.5. Research Methodology Research means thee systematic approach concerning generalization and the formulation of a theory is re search as such the term research refers to the systematic method consisting of enunciating the problem, formulating a the

the existing trend of

hypnothesis, collecting his facts or data analyzing the facts and reaching certain conclusion either in the form of solutions toward the concerned problems.


Research methodology is a way to systematicully solve the research problem. It has, it may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. 1.6. Statement of research problem Each destination in the country or state has its own geo socio cultural identity. Therefore it demands specific tourism development plans and actions within the umbrella of an overall tourism perspective for the country. Back water in BRP is an unexplored destination with cultural, natural and manmade tourism attraction and it is undisturbed by man. This itself indicates that excavating things unknown or hidden has always a great import ant. Being a resident of back water tourism in BRP a research project related to the bhaclra river centre as an obvious choise. There are number of other consideration also while selecting the present problem for research. Besides the time of cost consideration, familiarity with region, language advantage and mainly feeling of doing some thing for the resident. As regards thematic frame work of research topic i.e. back water tourism, a case study at BRP was taken up.


Methodology The data used in the study has largely been of primary nature. This primary data has been a obtained through The

questionnaires with the help of sampling technique. secondary data has been o0btained

from interned, broachers,

book and publication on the subject of hospitality industry. Questionnaire: 2 set of questionnaire (One each for tourist and workers) are prepared so as to get comprehensive information about profile of tourism purpose of visit, preferences regarding Most

facilities, activities, attraction, teiv satisfaction levels etc.

of the questions are yes or no questions. some open ended questions are also included. Sampling: Around 30 question natives were distributed randomly among the visitors and localities to know their opinion about tourism potential of back water in BRP. Analysis and interpretation of data: Keeping in view the objectives of the study, the data collected through questionnaires is andlyzed and interpreted with the help of statistical tabulations methods using average and


percentage approach where ever needed, though analysis and interpretation of data are done by manually, computer facilities are also used to translator relevant empirical information in to illustrations in the form of diagrams. 1.7 Limitations of the study Obviously all studies and researcher have their own limitation. Need not to say, the researcher while working on this project had many limitations. To mentions the major ones are as under.  Due to lack literature on back water tourism in BRP primary information has been collected by field visits.  The size of the sample has been yet another timitation, because many of the respondents were not accept to fill up the questionnaire.  Duration of the study was limited and up to data details about destinations were not available.


Chapter-2 Concept of backwater tourism 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Types of water based adventure sports 2.3 Water sports in India 2.4 River running and kayaking water sports in India 2.5 Boat tours in India


2.1 Introduction: India's vast geographical diversity provides a wealth of outdoors adventure. all tastes are catered for from the gentlest to the fast placed and there is something for every level or

competence the beginner and the expert. Not only does India have an immense variety of outdoor thrills, but price here are extremely low by international standards. Altitude range from 9.000 feet to 14.500 feet above sea level and trekkers need only a reasonable degree of physical fitness, prior experience not being necessary. In laddakh, the lowest altitudes is 11.000 feet above sea level and with the

shortage of oxygen, acclimatization is compulsory, some passes commonly encountered during a trek being as high as 1800 feet above Sea level. Each of India's coastal state gujavat, mahavashtra, goa, karnataka kerala, tamil nadu, andhra prodesh and orissa have choice of beaches. Those in goa are all popular, many offer

luxury resort hotels on the beach itself a few offer wind surfing and yachting, Gopalur-on-sea in orissa, chorwad and ahmedpur mandri in gujarat are but two examples of relatively quiet beaches. Lakshad weep offers excellent wind surfing, snorkelling


and scuba diving in the crystal clear waters of the lagoons which surround each island. 2.2. Types of water based adventure sports In the following water based adventure sports: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Water skiing White water rafting Sailing Canoeing Angling Scuba diving, snorkeling and free diving Spear fishing Yachting Kayaking Windsurfing Swimming and Diving Boat Racing Regattas Ice-Boating Boating Adventure cruises


16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 1.

Para sailing Tubing Discing Surfing Wake boarding

Water Skiing: Water skiing is a sport / game and recreational activity and

is popular in many countries around the world where appropriate conditions exist an expanse of water unaffected by wave motion, rivers, lakes, and sheltered bays are all popular for water skiing. Standard water skis were origin ding made of wood but are usually constructed out of fiberglass based composites. They are of similar length to downhill snow skis but are somewhat wider. Instead of a rigid binding, they have rubber molded binding in which the skier's feet are placed skiers are pulled along by a rope with a hatchel fitted at one end and attached to a powerboat at the other. 2. White water Rafting: River rafting is increasingly becoming the most popular adventure sport in the conntry. Age groups varying from nineyear-old school children to a seventy four year old grandmather


have rafted down rivers in India. No previous experience or swimming ability is required. 3. Sailing: The challenge of the elements and the spirit of adventure inspired seafarers in their voyages in ancient time. reasons that attracts people to water sports. Mans relationship to water is one of the most paradoxical and contrary things in nature. Human beings are physically mostly water, they cannot live without it, yet water manifested as floods, storms and hurricanes at sea, is offal to man. Water cam be beautiful and refreshing but it can also carry water born diseases. 4. Canoeing: The canoe developed from the seagoing dugouts of the carib Indians of the Caribbean island. These dugouts were made from Iarge tree trunks, which had been shaped and hallowed out. The word 'canoe' comes from ' kanu' the carib word for such a dugout. Canoeing as a leisured activity has grown rapidly in recent years with the onset of pakage holidays which usually combine The same


camping and white water rafting in an attraction parcel which offers thrills, adventure and challenge. 5. Angling: Where there is a river, there is a catch, and the whole of India is garlanded with rivers has much for an angler so get cracking and you bet it the snow fed streams definitely have something to feed you, will like the taste. With the numberous rivers streams and coastal areas, India offers itself as the right catch. For truvellers fishing the various coastal areas be a souvce of great joy to the fisherman. The wide rivers are ideal for trait and masheer fishing. 6. Scuba diving snorkelling and free diving: The diving suit shared with the diving bell, the major disadvantage of being heavy, often difficut to operate and of tying the diver to the surface these disadvantages, by his breathing tube. Although They were only

were see apparent.

overcome through advances in technique made during the second half of the 19th century. 7. Sking Diving: A diver who merely wishes to make shallow descent requiring few moments under water has only to equip himself


with a small mask. A great member of models are available. They consist basically of alarge pane of safety glass over the eyes, secured to the divers heads by a rubber membrance and rubber straps improved models have small value for ejecting water which gets inside the mask. 8. Spear fishing: The greatest single under water sports attraction remain under water hunting or spear fishing. The sports is of relatively recent origin. It required the invitation of device to extend the divers's range of vision under water and water proof goggles did not appear until the early 1930s. The sport was publicized by

guy gilputric from this lute start it spread rapidly throughout the world. 9. Yachting: Yacht may be defined as a power driven vessel used for racing purposes or for pleasure. It is light and comparatively small vessel. Boats propelled by paddles, oars or out pored motors are not considered yachts. Yachting is considered as the sport of racing and cruising in sailing craft.



Kayaking: Most kayak trips use stable crafts designed for use by

novices. They seat two people in comfort kayak touring does not require any special skills. At the start, the leader gives instructions in simple padding technique. 11. Windsurfing: Perhaps the fasterst growing windsurfing. advancement water sport though is

It's exponents rank in millions worldwide and its into the competitive area has arrived with

breathtaking speed it's greatest exponents describe it as a medley of sailing ballest, gymnastics and self expression which the inventor of the sail board perhaps never dreamed possible. 12. Swimming and diving: Swimming is an action of self support and self-propulsion in water as practiced by man. It is one of the most useful as well as pleasurable accomplishment of man. It was very popular in the training of warriors in the days of early Greece and Rome. Many methods of swimming instructions have been tested as changes in stroke took place. Types of swimming strokes

commonly used in order to present popularity are:


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 13.

Crawling Side stroke Back stroke Breast stroke Butterfly Boat pacing : The major division in motor boat competition are stock in

board, stock out board, in board hydroplane and out board hydroplane. Boating: Boating for pleasure and enjoyment has been in practice for several years. later on it was identified as a sport and

increased tremendously in popularity all over the world in 20th century. Now we find that there are many pleasure boats: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Out boards Sail boats without an board power Row boats On board cruisers Dinghies


6) 7) 8)

Prams Motor boats Auxiliary powered sail boats.

Various types of speed boats are: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 14. Run about Utilities Water ski boats Bass boats Racing boats Motor boats Regattas: The first modern Olympia was staged in Athens in 1896. There was no rowing. In 1904, the game were held in st-louis and the us made a clean sweep of the rowing events. In 1908 great Britain won are four events of olympic rowing

championship. 15. Ice-Boating: Another adventure sports is the ice-boating. The sport of saiding and racing ice boat once involved boats costlier. It also required costly skippers and crew. In the second half of the 20th


century, the sport limited itself to small light but fast boats the Butch men were the first to take active interest in ice-boating sport. 16. Adventure cruises: Cruises are to remote regions. standard tourist cruises. These are different from

Rather than indulging in luxury and

entertainment, they focus on wildlife and nature and the remoteness of the destination is the strongest appeal adventure cruises take place on rugged, practical ships designed for icy cruises or shallow jungle rivers. Cabin cruising: A cabin cruiser can be many things: 1. 2. It is a means of vacation, weekend overnight travel. It is a practicing seamanship and navigation on inland lakes and streams or coastal waters. 3. It is pleasant base for entertaining, picnicking, exploring, fishing, running a regatta boat, two boat, ferry boat or a pretentious status symbol. The typical cruise would have: 1. Sleeping births for four or more persons 2. Cooking gas/ stove 20

3. Sink 4. Ice box / refrigerator 5. Toilet facilities 6. Storage 7. Lockers 8. Water tank. 17. Para Sailing: Human have always dreamed to be up in the air with wings. Now tourism can help amateurs weighing between 40-70 kgs to releas this ambition. No advance training or special skill is needed and the game is not expersive either. 18. Discing: Discing consists of standing on a circular wooden disc and being towed behind the boat. The disc supports the rider by

means of spreading the weight out evenly across the water. It requires good balance, and as a result discing cannot be performed at extremely high speeds, meaning it is sometimes viewed as due. 19. Surfing: Surfing is a recreational activity in which individuals paddle into a wave on a surfboard, jump to their feet, and are propelled across the water by the force of the wave. Suring's appeal probably derives from an un usual confluence of elements.


Adrenaline, skill and high paced maneuvering are set against a naturally unpredictable backdrop. 20. Wake boarding: Wakeboarding is a board sport. It was created from a combination techniques. 2.3 Water sports in India: Water sports in Goa: Diving, windsurfing yachting, scuba diving and snorkeling. Those visiting goa. Will find ample opportunity to indulge in all kinds of water sports. However, serious water freaks should head for the sparkling blue (and strictly preserved) water of the andaman and lakshwadeep is lands. Andamman water sports: The andaman offers some excellent locations for water adventure sports. Snorkeling, it is better to bring your own of water skiing, snow boarding and surfing

equipment to take up the sport. Scuba diving have ample opportunities in island, there are schools, offering diving courses have mushroomed all over the place. The best is easily the port blair under water diver center


in the south andaman that offers an internationally recognized PADI. Laksheadeep water sports: Laksheadeep also has its fair share of scuba diving schools the best known is the poseidon netptune school. In lakshwadeep you can also try windsurfing, prsasailing water skiing, snorkeling and deep-seafishing. 2.4. River running and kayaking water sports in India The best known whitewater river running courses in India are the gamges (from rishikesh) and the beas (from manali). The Ganga is a more popular stretch with several interesting patches like the galf course and so on however, to the initated rafter, this might seem like tame stuff. swifter beas, with unpredictable They might find the a much better


challenge. For a truly unforgettable and ( tumultuous) experience don't miss the Indus (In ladakh) and zanskar (in zanskar) river. If you're lucky you might even catch the might water river

rafting where the runners raft by the light of the full moon which casts eerie shadows all over the flat himaloyan desertland. Heady, no less.


In sikkim, you can raft on the teesta river. However the teesta is definitely not for beginners and strictly for those people who are looking for a little water sports adventure in rafting. Other rivers you can raft on are the sutlej, chenab, tons and so on kayaking is be coming increasingly popular in India and you can try it on the seas. 2.5. Boat Tours in India Boat tours are possible all over India take your pick from slow river rides lang uorous laks cruises or motorboat tours of offshore island. Here are some options. Andaman and nicobar Island: Boat and feery trips sail to outlying island from port blair and mayabunder. In mayabunder there's an unexpected gem in the shape of seansand, a simple lodge, restaurant and bar overcooking the water 1km south of the town centre run by titus and elizabeth, along with their young family, its low key and will appeal to travellers looking for an experience away from the crowds. titus organises a range of boat based day tours that, depending on the season and how he feels about you may include forty one caves.


Goa: Dolphnin-spotting boat trips sail from pamaji, fort aguada and candolim, culangute, arambol, colva and palolem. Gujarat: Bird spottinng boat tours are offered at nal sarovar bird sanctuary and coral reef cruises go to jamnagae's marine national park. Jammu and kashmir: In srinagor, hive gondolalike shikaras for tours around serene dal lake. Kevala: Days of languorous drifting on the backwaters aroubd alleppey or canoe tours from kollam and bamboo raft tours in periya wildlife sanctuary. Kolkata (calcutta) Cruises leave to watch the immersion of the idols during the durga pujafestival in kolkata. Modhya pradesh and Chhattigarh:


Cruises go to the marble rocks near jabalpur, there are crocodile spotting trips at raneh falls and sollyboating on bhopals upper lake. Mumbai (Bomboy) Boats cruise around mumbai harbour and elephomta islemd from mumbai. Northeast states: Steamboat cruises along the brahmaputra river in assam with jungle travels india and wildlife spotting boat safaris at manas national park. Orissa: Boat tours are available to look for crocodiles, freshwater dolphins and birds at bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary and chilika lake. Rajasthan: Boat tours to the famous blue lake palace at vdaipur. Uttarakhand and uttar pradesh: Dawn tours of the ghats at varanasi and rowboat tours on nainitals naini lake and sacred river cruises in allahabad and mathura. West bengal: Boat tours to track tigers in the huge sunder bans tiger reserve. 26

Chapter-03 Back water Tourism in Keralal 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Destinations 3.3 Kerala houseboats 3.4 Water sports in Kerala 3.5 Kerala Boat races



Introduction : Another beautiful coastal city is that of Cochin. Kochi or

Ernakulam. It happents to be a collection of islands and peninsulas. The list of scenic island comprises of Bolgatty, Vypeen, Gundu and Vallarpadam. The city of cochin is often referred to as the "queen of the Arabian sea" the city that is industrial and commercial capital of Kerala boasts of an International airport too. Besides the backwater cochin is famous for landmarks of cultural heritage like the Jewish synagcgue, the dutch palace, st francis church. The fun of visiting the tourist attritions in cichin increases multifold when communicated, through local ferries. The visit to the city will remain incomplete if you the famous kathakali dance performance. Further amongst the jewels in the crown of the Kerala backwaters we have the unexploited beach resort of varkala. Tourists flock to this resort cum spa because of its beautiful landscape. The small town is religiously significant for the Hindus because of the Janardana swamy temple and the two thousand year old shrine of word vishum. The best time for backwater cruising in India falls between the months of October and March. keeping in mind the weather 28

conditions in Kerala the tourists are advised to carry cotton casuals on their backwater holidays. The canal- rides, boat cruises and houseboat stay back on all tourists seepking salace in the lap of nature. 3.2 Kerala Backwater Tourism Destinations The land of the green and the serene Kerala offers an amazing array of the backwaters in Kerala. The breathtakingly beautiful destinations are the true storehouses of the nature at it's best. The splendid sunsets, the waxing moonlights, the shoals of ducks, the pulsating palms and the wonderful waves make the backwater destinations the most sought after in kaleidoscopic Kerala. In the following backwater destinations in kerala: 1. Alappuzha Tourism 2. Cochin Tourism 3. Thiruvanathapuranm Tourism 4. Thiruvallam Tourism 5. Kumarakam Tourism 6. Kottagam Tourism 7. Kallam Tourism


8. Kasaragod Tourism In the following explane one by one. 1. Alappuzha Tourism The all using alappuzha with its lovely lakes, lagoons and the fresh water rivers will not fail to sweep you off your feet. The stirringly gorgeous Venice of the East9 has more than the boat races, houseboat, beaches, marine products and the coir industry Alappzhu is home to the diverse animal and bird life. The rich crop of bananas, yams and cassava will surely catch your eye. Kuttanad in the heart of the backwaters of alappuzha owing to its richness of the paddy crops of referred to as the rich bowl of Kerala. 2. Cochin Tourism Then there is the captivating Cochin (Kochi) with the charming combination of the picture perfect islands like Batgatty, Vypeen, Gundu and Vallarpadam. The reminisces of the Chinese, Arabian, Portuguese and the Dutch travelers and traders are omnipresent in Cochin. The variant village cruises to the coconut plantation and the coir villages should not be missed …………………………………………..


3. Thiruvananthapuram Tourism: The capital city is of a the taleido scopic Kerala.





Thiruvananthapuram is a major center for tourists, politics and industries. The soothing shoreline, beautiful braches and the backwater stretches make Thiruvananthapuram few of most frequently visit backwater holiday destinations for the tourists to Kerala. 4. Thiruvallam Tourism: The Thiruvallam stunningly beautiful is and screne temptingly stretch of the to



Thiruvananthapuram. The backwater destination of Thiruvallam. Makes a great one day four. The renowned canoe rides make Thiruvallam popular with the tourists you may even enjoy the water sports in the lagoon and the move to the beach from the village using the floating bridge in the waterfront park. The short village cruises using the country boats are the perfect ways to enjoy the backwaters of Thiruvallam. 5. Kumarakom Tourism Kumarakom on wake vembamad with its unparalleled boating, fishing and sightseeing opportunities makes a


picturesque holiday spot in the backwaters of Kerala. The rich greens and the rural life are clubbed with the beautiful Kumarakom bird sanctuary. You many take a cruise along the lake to catch glimpses of the birds. What a way to spend summers with the dueks, cuckoos, Siberian stork etc. The ideally located Kumarakom is picture perfect village. 6. Kottayam Tourism Close by are the backwaters of Kottayam. Amidst the paddy field, rubber plantations and the highlands is the charming Kottayam. Kottayam is popularly known as the land of lakes and tatex. The entire population of Kottayam is literate that makes it the land of letters too. The cultivation of the cash crops makes Kottayam. 7. Kollam Tourism: The splendid town of Kollam on the Ashtamudi lake is renowned for being the getaway to the beautiful backwaters of Kerala you many opt for an of the backwater tour and cruise that commence from Kollam. The backwater tour from Kollam to Alappuzha is the longest cruise in Kerala. Do not forget to catch on the cashews on your tour to Kollam.


8. Kasaragod Tourism On the sea cost the backwater destination of kasaragod offers mesmerizing trips to the enchanting chandagiri and the vivacious valiy aparamba situated on the chandragiri river the former is renowned for the chair of forts. The latter provides the best breathtaking views of the backwaters. The boat cruises to and from kasaragod will never fail to enchant you. On your backwater tour you must check out the well preserved. Bekal fort. The pauikere and the kappil beach at Kasaragod are excellent spots for relaxation and rejuvenation. 3.3 Kerala Houseboats The houseboats in Kerala, south India, are huge, slow moving, exotic barges used for leisure trips. They are a reworked model of kettuvallams (In the Malayalam language) kettu means “tied with ropes”, and vallam means “boat”] which, in earlier times, were used to carry rich and spices from kuttanad to the kochi port Kerala houseboats were considered a convenient means of transportation. The populating of Kettuvalloms has returned in the function as major tourist attractions. Many find the kettuvallam an ideal means of exploring the beauty of the Kerala backwaters.


Such a houseboat is about 60 to 70 feet [about 18 to 21 meters] long and about 15 feet [about 5 meters] wide at the middle. The hull is made of wooden planks that are held together by ropes of coconut fiber. The usual wood is ‘ Anjili’, the root is made of bamboo pales and palm leaves. The exterior of the boat is painted with protective coats of cashew nut oil. 3.4 Water sports in kerala Keralas, the land of fascinating backwards and lacked, is famous for its aquatic sports. The snake boat kace of laeraua is a unique feature of this state with its 544 kms of curving palmshaded camals and lagoons and her 42 mountain –borne rivers. There are many special aquatic events that are being held every years on the backwaters, particularly during AugustSeptember period. The place of pride among these events goes to the snake boat Regutta at Arammula, which is well known for the parthasarthy temple. The pampa river at arammual is the venue of the race. Arammula is situated around 10 kms to the east of cchengannur and important railway and roadway station michway between. Thiruvanthapuram and Kochi. 3.5 Kerala Boat Races Chundan vallams or snake boats are narrow boats over 100 feet long with a raised prow that stands 10 feet above water 34

and resembled the hood of a snake. Traditionally these were used by local rulers to transport soldiers during waterfront wars. In modern times, it has spawned a new spont, the vallam kali [boat race]. Each chundam vallam accommodates about a hundred muscular oarsmen. Boat races are accasions of great excitement and

entertainment with thousands gathered on the banks to watch and cheer. Most of these races are held in the kuttamad region of Alappazha. Where Jawaharlal Nehru visited in 1952, four traditional chundan valloms went to receive him. A snake boat race was organized for him. He was so impressed that when he went back to Delhi, the sent back a gleaming sliver trophy for a boat race.


Chapter-4 Tourism Potsctiality in BRP 4.1 Bhadra Dam 4.2 Bhadra wildlife Sanctuary 4.3 River Tern Lodge 4.4 Lakshminarashima Temple 4.5 Bhadravathi


4.1 Bhadra Dam This is at a distance of 28 kms from Shimoga. Bhadra dam is constructed across river Bhadra, The height of dam is 194.There is an electricity generating station adolescents to dam. The fisheries department has set-up some aqua forms nearby. Visitors are allowed between 10.Am an 6. Pm there are inspection Bungalows of Irrigation Department. One situated at dam, and the other in the village. Rooms have to be booked in advance through assistant executive engineer at B.R.P 4.2 Bhadra wildlife sanctuary The secrets of the jungle unwind as you go deep into the seemingly silent forest. Monkeys chatter incessantly. Elephants trumpet in delight. Welcoming you to discover their magnificent land. Yes the Bhadra wildlife sanctuary in the Chickmagalur and Shimoga districts, is one of the most fascinating sanctuaries. Sheltering some exquisite flora and fauna. The great Indian Gaur barking deer, flying fox, mongoose, elephant, panther, macaque, babbler, barbet, bluejay, kingfisher, robin, weaver bird, Drongo….. have all made their home here. So the next time you’re tooking for some adventure, don’t forget


to include Bhadra on your list, or else, you’ll be missing out on some real wild excitement. The Bhadra wildlife sanctuary boasts of rich avian life with birds like the grey jungle fowl, Red sprfolowl, painted bush quail, Emerald dove, southern green imperial pigeon, great black wood packer, Malabar parakeet and hill myna just to name a few. While among the reptiles the marish crocodiles are usually found in the upstream stretches or the Bhadra River and monitor lizards are also a common sight. The common offer and the smooth Indian offer can usually be sighted at the Bhadra reservoir. Gaur certainly are the pride of Bhadra which is a common sight. Leopards are also fairly. Common, particularly in the Lakavalli area, Bhadra wildlife sanctuary thus been recently adopted under “Project Tiger”. This is an idea tiger habitat although it is rare to see one! Wild dog tracts are also found. Due over the area. Elephant occur in all parts of the sanctuary and seem to migrate locally between muthodi and Lakkavalli other mammals found in the area are common palm river, stripe necked mongoose, sloth bear, large brown flying squired sambar, spotted, deer.


4.3 River Tern Lodge Situated in the midst of the western Ghats of chikmagalur district in Karnataka, surrounded by the lofty hill. Ranges of Babudangiri. The river tern lodge is a perfect blend of nature and wildlife. The lodge gets its name from the congregation of thousands of river terms during their breeding on a nearby island. Indeed a spectacular sight to behold!. You can get mesmerized by observing their preening feeding, cackling and many interesting antics. It is located on a hillock, at the edge of the picturesque Bhadra river, near Lakkavalli adjoining the northern boundaries of the Bhadra Tiger reserve and wildlife sanctuary. Soft waves of backwaters of the river lash the edge periodically harmonizing the sounds of nature, to put you in a perfect state of bliss. The river tern lodge is the ideal spot to get acquainted with nature in its serene beauty. Activities Apart from wildlife viewing through exciting jeep prides into the Bhadra tiger reserve wildlife sanctuary, which is about 4 km from the resort, there are water based adventures such as


sailing, kayaking, water cycle, water trapaline, joy fishing on offer. A boat ride on the backwaters of the Bhadra reservoir can also yield great wildlife viewing opportunities. Other activities include guided trekking, island camping, bird watching, mountain biking, rock climbing for children and star gazing. Visits to Tyverekoppa Lion and tiger safari and to the Sakkrebyle Elephant camp are also yield great wildlife, viewing opportunities. Other activities include guided trekking, island camping, bird watching, mountain, biking, rock climbing for children and star gazing visits to Tyverekoppa lion and tiger safari and the Sakkrebyle Elephant camp are also options at the river tern lodge. Accommodation The river tern Lodge has currently ten twin- beded accommodations five cottages and five log cabins with cozy interiors to ensure nothing but pure serenity and privacy. Each room this a veranda overlooking the tranquil waters of the Bhadra reservoir and not to mention the spectacular view of the sunset over the backwater. To appreciate nature, it is consciously decided not to have TVs in the rooms.


Facilities Apart from the comfortable accommodation, the gal Ghar which is a circular, open- to – sides gazebo is the guests dining area, providing an extraordinary close to nature experience. The resort also features wildlife documentaries in the evenings, for those interested. All water activity equipments and instructors are present at the Lodge and adhere to high safety guidelines. Season The climate is generally pleasant all through the year, while the bulk of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon, between June and September, leaving the entire sanctuary lush green. Summer months of March, April and May would be slightly warm. Cuisine A delicious spread of south and North Indian dishes, buffest style is served at the Ghat ghar. vegetarian and non- vegetarian is available. A choice of both


Programme: 12 Noon 01.30pm 04.00 pm 04.30 pm 07.30 pm 08.30 pm 09.30 pm Day:2 06.00am 06.30 pm 09.30am 11.00 am Day 1 Check Lunch Safari briefing tea/ coffee Drive to 08.30am 09.00 am with With day 3 Breakfast Visit to camo




and Tyverekoppa. Lion and Tiger safari 01.30 pm 04.30 pm Lunch Wild life boating Campfire Dinner

wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife film show Campfire Dinner



Wake coffee Guideal



08.30pm tea/ 09.30 pm or Day:3 06.00 06.30 am 09.30 am 11.00 am


Boating Breakfast Check out

Wake coffee Guided



tea or


safari Break fast Check out

Getting There From Bangalore: Drive towards Tumkur, Take the Shimoga bye- pass road at Tumkur [Instead of goings to Tumkur town] and cross Gubbi,


Tiptur, Arsikere, Kadur, Birur, Tarikere after crossing Tarikere, take the left that also has a Kuvempu University direction board. Travel 14 km till you reach Lakkavalli, at Lakkavalli you will find a sign board to the river tern lodge which is about 4 km away. Alternately you can contact the Range forest office at Lakkavalli for enquiries. The river tern lodge is 38 km form shimoga and is located by the Bhadra reservoir. Activities at a Glance Jungle safari, Elephant rides, coracle rides, bird watching, kayaking, sailing, water- cycle, water trampoline, joy fishing, nature walks, guided trekking, wildlife documentaries. 4.4 Lakshminarashima Temple Lakshiminarashima temple is a three culachala temple of 13th century. The temple architecture is very similar to Hoysala type of architecture. The temple is located at city center of Bhadravathi, and attracts to unit and pilgrims from all parts of Karnataka. 4.5 Bhadravathi Bhadravathi is a important industrial center is Shimoga district. This I s19 kms from Shimoga. Sri, M.Vishveshwaraiah Iron and steel works, Mysore paper mills, sugar factories are


worth to visit, permission from the respective factories are required to visit factory. All India has a broadcasting station in this place

Chapter-5 Data Analysis and interpretation Introduction:










destination an Bhadra river back water. The respondent were the tourist of this area. The respondent were selected through random sampling. All the respondent were personally contacted by the researcher so as to ensure reliability of the data. As such the sample size has been 33 but the responses on certain aspects exceeds the number of respondents because of multiple choice. Therefore researcher have created more options while doing tabulation since most of the information obtained through the questionnaires is in numerical terms and self explanatory as well. All the respondents had different opinions about what they like in back water tourism in BRP, satisfaction levels with facilities, their travel arrangements, place they want to go, about problem they have faced in back water for the examples food, guide service and communication problems, and what type of activities are interest and more enjoyed, and in back water other adventure sports activities can be conducted opinion, and tourist come again other tourist opinions collecting the questionnaire time.


The results of the survey have been complied and put in the tabular form as under. Table No. 5. 1 distribution of respondents by gender Sl.No 1 2 Gender Male Female Total Respondents 23 10 33 Percentage 69.70 30.30 100

It is clear from the table 5.1that of the total 33 respondents 69.70 percent were male and remaining 30.30 percent were female. The ratio of male and female for tourist was 70:30.

80 70 Respondents / Percentage 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Gender 2

Table No. 5. 2 distribution of respondents by Nationality Sl.No 1 Variables Indian Respondents 32 Percentage 96.97


2 Total


01 33

03.03 100

It is clear from the table 5.2 that of the total 33 respondents 96.97% percent were male and remaining 03.03% were foreigner. The ratio of Indian and Foreigner for tourist was 9:1.

100 Respondents / Percentage 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2

Table no. 5.3 age wise distribution of respondents Sl.No 1 2 Gender Below 20 years 21 to 30 years Respondents 13 12 Percentage 39.40 36.36


3 4 5 Total

31 to 40 years 41 to 51 years 51 years and above

08 00 00 33

24.24 00.00 00.00 100

Table no. 5.3 reveals that out of the total samples of 33 respondents maximum number of tourist belongs to the age

group of below 20 years i.e 39.40% and the minimum in the age group of 31+040 years i.e 24.24%.

45 40 35 Respondents/ Percentage 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Below 20 years 21 to 30 years 31 to 40 years Varirables 41 to 51 years 51 years and above

Table No: 5.4 Distribution of respondents by marital status Sl.No 1 Variables Married 48 Respondents 18 Percentage 54.55


Unmarried Total

15 33

45.45 100

It is clear from the table 5.4 that of the table 33 respondents 54.55 percent were married. Tourist and remaining 45.45 percent unmarried tourist

60 Respondents / Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2








qualification. Sl.No Variables Respondents Percentage


1 2 3

PG/ Degree PUC/SSLC Higher school Total primary

15 08 10 33

45.46 24.24 30.30 100

The table 5.5 reveals that out of the total samples of 33 respondents maximum number of tourist PG/ Degree i.e 45.46% and minimum in the PUC/SSLC education qualification tourist. Because most of the school children come with parents.

50 45 40 Respondents/ Percentage 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 PG/ Degree PUC/SSLC Variables Higher primary school

Table no. 5.6 Visiting with distribution of respondents Sl.No Gender Respondents Percentage


1 2 3 4

Family Friends Group Individual Total

17 11 04 01 33

51.51 33.33 12.12 03.04 100

Table 5.6, showing that tourist visiting with peoples. Majority of the tourist come to family and friends. More less of tourist come to individual in the back water.


50 Respondents/ Percentage





0 Family Friends Variables Group Individual

5.7 Frequency of visit


Sl.No 1 2 3 4

Gender Monthly Half yearly Yearly Nor specific Total

Respondents 00 09 18 06 33

Percentage 00.00 27.28 54.54 18.18 100

The table 5.7 showing frequency of visit of the respondents reveals that maximum number of tourist, i.e 54.54% of tourist are yearly about their frequent visit to the destination the least percent of them i.e 18.18 were visit not specific.


50 Respondents/ Percentage





0 Monthly Half yearly Variables Yearly Nor specific











Sl.No 1 2

Variables River term Lodge Firnd’s / Relative;s house Total

Respondents 24 09 33

Percentage 72.73 27.27 100

Majority of the tourist stag at the river tern lodge which is evident from the table 5.8 i.e. 72.73% some tourist stag at the friends or relatives house i.e. 27.27 % .

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2

5.9. Purpose of visit

Respondents / Percentage


Sl.No 1 2 3

Purpose Leisure entertainment and

Respondents 29 03 01 33

Percentage 87.88 09.99 03.03 100

Adventure activates Business Total

Majority of the tourist i.e. 87.88% were leisure and entertainment parpose come. Which is evident from table 5.9 and 03.03% were business purpose come to the Back water destination.

100 90 80 Respondents/ Percentage 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Leisure and entertainment Adventure activates Variables Business


5.10. Shows sources of Information about the Bhadra river back water. Sl.No 1 2 3 4 Information Friends Website Media Broachers Total Respondents 25 04 03 01 33 Percentage 75.75 12.13 09.99 03.03 100

Majority of the tourist choose the place to visit by guidance from their friends. Which is evident from the table 5.10 i.e. 75.75% of the tourist influenced by friends. Where only small portion of the respondents i.e. 03.03 visit place on then broachers.


80 70 Respondents/ Percentage 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Friends Website Variables Media Broachers

5.11. Mode of transportation used by the respondent Sl.No 1 2 3 Variables Salt arrangement Through travel and tour operator Travel Desk of Hotel Total Respondents 23 08 02 33 Percentage 69.70 24.24 06.06 100










arrangement transportation visit the back water destination, i.e. 69.70% show low tourist transportation arrangement from trowel desk of hotel, the evident in 06.06% in the table 5.11 table.


80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Salt arrangement Through travel and tour operator Variables Travel Desk of Hotel

5.12. Tourist most enjoyed activities Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Variables Boating Kayaking Water tempoling Water cycling Sailing Fishing Windsurfing Respondents 25 19 18 16 12 12 04 Percentage 75.75 57.57 54.54 48.48 36.36 36.36 12.12

Respondents/ Percentage


Table 5.12 Tourism most interested water activities is boating i.e. 75.75 more lass than activities is windsurfing 12.12% because windsurfing is more danger activities.

80 Respondents/ Percentage 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
in g Bo at in g Ka ya ki ng ng Fi sh in g yc li n g W in ds ur fin g em po l Sa ili

er t

W at

W at

er c


5.13. Tourist most enjoyed activities Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 Variables Water sports Boating Wildlife safari Trekking Fishing Respondents 25 26 16 07 06 Percentage 75.75 78.78 48.48 21.21 18.18


Table 5.12 Tourist most enjoyed activities in the back water is boating and water sports. i.e. 78.78 and 75.75% tourist lase enjoyed the trekking and fishing i.e. 21.21 of and 18.18%.

90 80 70 Respondents/ Percentage 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Water sports Boating Wildlife safari Varirables Trekking Fishing

5.14. Tourist come time destination problems Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Problems Transportation Communication problem Guide service Accommodation Food and Beverage Sanitation 59 Respondents 13 07 04 01 02 02 Percentage 39.39 21.21 12.12 03.03 06.06 06.06





45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
Tr an sp or C ta om ti o m n un ic at io n pr ob le m G ui de se rv ic e Ac co m m od at Fo io n od an d Be ve ra ge Sa ni ta ti o n th er s

Respondents/ Percentage


5.15. Days of stay in the destination Sl.No 1 2 3 4 Variables One day Two day Three day Five days Total Respondents 18 02 12 01 33 Percentage 54.54 06.06 36.36 03.04 100.00



Table 5.15 Back water visit tourist more than one day stay i.e. 54.54% laes than of stay in the destination is five days i.e. 03.04% because back water tourism destination in B.R.P in the accommodation service cost is more.

50 Respondents/ Percentage





0 One day T wo day Varirables Three day Five days

5.16. Which season is best visit bhadra river back water Sl.No 1 2 3 Variables Summera Winter Rainy Respondents 25 04 08 Percentage 75.75 12.12 24.24

The table show the tourist summra season time come the back water in BRP i.e. 75.75 % winter season tourist come to


destination is low 12.12 % because summer time tourist childarnes schood is a holidays. Some tourist visit rating season because that time beck water destination is natural more dntifule.

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Summera Winter Variables Rainy

5.17. Kind of adventure sports activates can be conducted here. Sl.No 1 2 3 4 Variables Scuba diving Swimming Yatching Sailing Respondents 19 22 20 15 Percentage 57.57 66.66 60.60 45.45

Respondents/ Percentage


Table 5.17 is other types of adventure activities can be conducted here that time respondents the tourist more

swimming i.e. 66.66% low tourist sailing activities inderst because more tourist inderst in the swimming.

70 60 Respondents/ Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 Scuba diving Sw imming Variables Yatching Sailing

5.18. Sl.No 1 2

Interest in back water tourism Variables Yes No Total Respondents 33 00 33 Percentage 100 00 100


Table 5.18 Showing the tourist interest in back water tourism. Survey time an types of tourist more indarst in the back water tourism.

60 Respondents / Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2

5.19. Sl.No 1 2

Tourism development help the local people Variables Yes No Total Respondents 33 00 33 Percentage 100 00 100


Table 5.19 is show the back water tourism development in the destination that time local peoples help is 100% necessary. Because, local people idea about the back water place.

60 Respondents / Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2

5.20. Sl.No 1 2

Tourism come again the back water tourism in BRP Variables Yes No Total Respondents 33 00 33 Percentage 100 00 100


Table 5.20 tourist come nets time asked equation that time all types of tourist come one time and that time tourist interest the destination.

60 Respondents / Percentage 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Variables 2

Chapter-6 Findings and suggestions 6.1 Findings: Back water tourism in BRP is a well know destination in Shimoga district Karnataka state. The shimoga is famous for


data water destination for Jog Sarvati back water, tuka river in Gajanure back water and Bhadra river back water is there. Bhadra back water tourism development in BRP is very slow. Certain problems which hinders the pace of growth of tourism in BRP, those are mentioned below: BRP back water is potential tourist destination which is accepted by all tourist respondents, who were considered as a sample for the research but in case of existing facilities available at BRP tourism destinations most of the respondents are partly satisfied. The level of satisfaction is important for a tourist as it enriches the experience, which in turn also serves as a continuing source of recreation for them. But in context of BRP the basic facilities like food and accommodation, transportation, guide services etc. Are inadequate to satisfy the basic needs of the tourist. As reveled in the earlier chapter it is indicated of the tourist visit BRP back water for pleasure trip. But unfortunately effective supply fr the kind of recreation and entertainment activities that are greater in demand among the pleasure seekers is not up to their expectations. Information and publicity system is yet another area which is short supply. Most of the respondents visit back water in BRP by guidance friend and website non of the respondent visited 67

back water tourism in BRP on the basis of information received from tourism offices, travel agent advertisements and to unit broachers. The broachers, folders, advertisement and other publicity material mentally prepare the customers about the realities of the destination. Unfortunately we don't see such material about back water tourism in BRP and these are remains conspicuous by its absence. Scenic or natural beauty is god gify to any tourist destination. Analysis of questionnaires reveals the fact that majority of the respondents like scenic beauty in back water in BRP, unfortunately these beauty is gradually disappearing due to the improper maintenance and lack of awareness in the local people. Accommodation is one of the basic requirements of the tourist. But in BRP back water only one river tern lodge there, and this lodge booking the online method, seem to be a major short coming for tourism development in back water in BRP. Guide service is yet another major deficiency. It is indicated that majority of the tourist propose to visit leisure, entertainment, and water adventure activities. But these are the places, which aren't were connected by transportation. And also researcher found that these are facing lack of hotel and 68

accommodations guide service. Back water in BRP even we don't see any hotel and also if tourist prefer public transport he has to walk nearly 11/2 km to reach back water. Development program by government is another area which seeks suggestion. Many localities expressed government did not take any developmental measures for promotion of tourism in BRP. without government intervention it is not possible to promote BRP back water as a popular tourist destination. Transportation is another factor on which the success of tourism industry largely depends upon. A good transportation service gives a faster growth rate in tourism. what is required is efficient, cheap comfortable and transport facility. In BRP the road transport is not that much developed to link different tourist destinations. Even the condition of road are good they are lacking regular maintenance. Certain destination are ignored and remain neglected by tourist because of lack of proper transport mode. 6.2 Suggestions The above existing short comings generally felt by the majority of tourist. If we remove these draw backs, would enhance the overall tourism potential of back water. Here a few suggestion which need to be implemented in this regard.


Recreation and entertainment facilities at the destination directly enhance the satisfaction levels of tourist. Moreover the are also vital for mental and physical health of the host population. Therefore there is an urgent need to plan recreation and entertainment amenities at different

destination according to its average personality.  This study indicates poor services in transportation

facilities. Therefore the problem of transportation needs to be attended immediately. The only remedy for

transportional problem is encouraging private investment for providing better tourist carriages and government should take immediate steps to maintain the roads and other facilities.  Shopping, local art craft, fairs and festivals local cuisines and falk traditions, which constitute on integral part of tourist product mix must be promoted in an integrated way so that they could have synergetic impact towards creating on ideal tourism magnetic environment in the taluk.  Various respondents in answering the questionnaire

complained for accommodation cost is more only one river tern lodge is there. The river term lodge ten twin, beded accommodations there future 20 tourist stay the lodge. In order to improve the accommodation facilities hygienic 70

condition should be improved in BRP. So for as the tariff are concerned govt must take some legislative measure to regulate them.  Willing and active involvement of local people is an essential prerequisite for the success of any development programme. It is more vital in case of tourism where the success depends entirely on the human relations.

Therefore there is an immediate need to infuse tourism awareness in the society to ensure a positive interaction between hosts and guests as also to encourage tourism entrepreneurship.  The publicity and marketing strategies are very poor. Therefore there is an urgent need to design marketing and promotional strategy so as to increase the tourism traffic in the district headquarters. Broachers folders about opining up of information center provide valuable information abut destination. These are helps to increase the inflow of tourist traffic by acting as promotional measure.  At the end the need for the close coordination between private and public sector tourism organization at different levels is the key to success in tourism development.  Government participation is very necessary any

development provides sufficient incentives and packages to 71

the tourist, it will increase the inflow of tourists. Bow these facilities are largely depending on government policies. A clear cut policy with on efficient strategy can only improve the present situation. Government should open new

tourism information offices within the destination and up to data information about at the tourist destination should be made available to tourist.

Conclusion The inherent nomadic urge in man for traveling has now turned into the world's largest and fastest growing industry. The growth of tourism has been phenomenal particularly after the II world war. As for now it is rightly said that "We are living in the age of tourism" " Tourism has come of its stage"/


Tourism is already serving as a single largest article of export for many countries, developed and developing. As the factors responsible for the unprecedented development of

tourism like leisure, more discretionary income, better and amenities, industrialization, urbanization and population

explosion and man's desire to travel for and wide for diverse motives becomes stronger and stronger with time tourism is likely is likely to touch newer heights. Because of immense growth prospects of tourism and its multifarious benefits there is increasing competition among the nation for enlarging their share in international market for tourism. Despite all its unique and diverse tourism attraction

karnataka shore in tourism is very less many factors like finanical constraints, distance from the leading markets and lack of planning expertise etc have been responsible for it. Back water tourism in karnataka is new tourism. Coastal karnataka will now be on the world tourism map with buckwater tourism taking root at paradise lagoons. The spectacular yet uncharted backwater of coastal karnataka were on the spotlight for the very first time with the launch of housebats at paradise logoons. Paradise club and resorts is a company with a focus on leisure hospitality. Its resurthotels offer a full array of amenities 73









accommodation, fine dining, fitness centers, spa, meeting rooms, conferencing facilities and a host of other leisure activities. The company's first development. paradise Isle beach resort has the distination of being the first high end beach resort in coastal karnataka, which is emerging as the next big tourist destination in India along the lines f kerala. Back water tourism in BRP is the one good natural tourism place. Back water tourism destination " ozone Pvt. Ltd" some water adventure actives providing the tourist. OZONE Pvt. Ltd is good sarvie provioding the tourist more tourist asked tour time more happy giving the water sports

actividess yearly one time also come t BRP and enjoy the water sports. BRP tourism destination wildlife safari, trekking, fishing and other activitied there but more tourist Indarest water sports. becase wildlife safari going time no animulecme and trekking time some other prolamess. But water sports time no prapless. Bhadra River project back water atrated below 20 years tourist, because this age peoples age and adventure activities like age. This age tourist 100% suralley more more happy. Karnataka is " One state. Many worlds " Karnataka site all types of tourism placess theory but not developed. Karanataka 74

numbers of rivers beck water thane but tourism depart mated not delopement.


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