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3821_Enhanced Thinking A4.

v4 22/1/03 11:35 AM Page 1

Enhanced Thinking Skills (ETS)


Information for Sentencers

What is ETS? Programme content Diversity


ETS is a General Offending ETS is a cognitive skills programme The National Probation Service
Groupwork Programme – one of consisting of 20 group sessions, recognises that women, minority
several independently accredited each lasting 2 – 21/2 hours. The ethnic offenders, those with a disability
programmes for use in England programme is based on the premise or other special needs may have
& Wales. that thinking is the basis of all additional issues. These issues will be
behaviour, so in order to affect fully addressed in order that they
Accredited Offending Behaviour or change criminal behaviour the derive maximum benefit from ETS.
programmes are part of the Probation underlying thoughts and attitudes
Service’s What Works initiative, which of offenders must be addressed. The programme is approved as an
aims to reduce general reconviction additional requirement of a Community
rates by providing types of supervision Research shows that many offenders Rehabilitation Order or a Community
for offenders which are based on have not acquired the skills of Punishment and Rehabilitation Order in
accordance with the Powers of Criminal
research and sound evidence. These thinking in certain areas such as Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000. Supervision
approaches or ‘programmes’ are problem solving and critical reasoning. of the order will begin immediately and
effective in changing the way Offenders may not always see things commencement of the groupwork
offenders think and behave. from other people's points of view programme will be with the first available
and can also have a poorly developed place following appearance in court.
The ETS programme was originally sense of values.
developed by the Prison Service and Attendance at the 20 groupwork
has been extensively researched The ETS programme addresses all sessions is monitored in accordance with
and evaluated. these areas. However, there are Home Office standards. Any breach of
many other factors which also attendance or conditions will be dealt
Evidence from the evaluation of ETS influence behaviour such as with appropriately and may see the
offender returned to court.
within the Prison Service has shown motivation, opportunity and personal
that the programme can lead to a circumstances. These are also
15% reduction in reconvictions. addressed within the programme and
during individual work as part of the
Who is it for? Community Rehabilitation Order,
ETS is aimed at offenders within the Community Punishment and
medium/high risk of reconviction Rehabilitation Order or Licence.
group because available evidence National Probation Directorate
indicates that it is most effective It is an intensive and demanding
National Probation Service
with these groups. programme. National Standards
for England and Wales
enforcement procedures will apply
in the normal way. This programme has been accredited by the
Correctional Services Accreditation Panel (CSAP)
for use in England and Wales (2000).
Offenders being referred to the
Programme also undertake a series
of assessments and psychometric
tests, pre- and post- programme.
These are designed to measure
change at the end of the programme.

NPD/045/2002