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The study of engineering aspects of the soil of the respective site plays a vital role in civil engineering. The properties of the soil differ from one site to another site. Thus, standard tests should be carried out in order to identify the respective properties. Such two tests are core cutter method and sand cone method which are easy to carry out. Core cutter method Core cutter method is appropriate for fine and granular soil, which has cohesiveness, which is almost sticky soil. In this test, large number of samples is obtained. Further, this test can be carried out at various locations of a particular site as this test consumes lower cost. This test gives very accurate results because of collecting many samples and collecting samples from various spots of a site. On contrary, there are some demerits of this test. This test gives a variation (CHECK IT). Further, this test requires more time as well as more human effort. In the case of our experiment, The surface contained stones and organic matters. Therefore, there are chances for the surface to be not exactly same while flattening. This causes volume based errors. Due to hardships, the test is carried out only in one place. This implies that the results represent only the particular point. Further, the respective site , tested in the practical, displayed high variation over the area. The soil below is further compacted because of the overdriving of the cutter.

Sand cone method This method is used to determine the field unit weight or the in-situ density of natural or compacted soil. This method is referred to as the sand replacement method. This method has merits of simplicity, less cost consuming and accuracy of results. This method can be applied for soils without considerable amounts of rock or coarse materials in excess of 1 1/2 in. (38 mm) in diameter. For embankment construction and pavement construction, this method can be well applied. This method is a quality control test with the requirement of compaction of certain degree. Further, stability analysis of embankments and slopes, the calculation of pressure in underlying strata for settlement problems and designs of underground structures can also be done using this sand cone method. The following errors are possible for this method.

There might be existence of void spaces between soil particles and under the plate. The removal of the inverted bottle might have occurred before hole and funnel are filled with sand fully. Errors due to compaction of sand Collected materials might have been lost while digging on site. This results in weight losses.