SPECIFICATION 822

STEEL REINFORCEMENT
Copyright MAIN ROADS Western Australia

MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx

Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12

Page 1 of 14

06 Description of Revision Authorised By A/SDSE 24 Oct 12 Inclusion of ACRS Certification Complete review – no change Complete revision of Issue 1.SPECIFICATION 822 STEEL REINFORCEMENT REVISION REGISTER Date Clause Number 822.3 to new format 11 June 10 Whole document Whole document A/SDSE 1 Aug 06 MCP MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 2 of 14 .

..01 SCOPE .............................................29 TOLERANCES FOR FIXING ...... 4 822...................................................99 NOT USED....... 7 822.... 11 NOT USED.......................................................71 – 822........................................................................................ 6 822.............. 11 MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 3 of 14 ............................... 4 822..........................................07 BENDING AND CUTTING ..........26 FIXING ............................................................................................................11 – 822.......................................................................................................................... 6 822....................................................08 STORAGE ......................................05 NOT USED........................04 – 822...... 7 822..........................................27 WELDING .....................................................................................................................................................................................................90 822...........................................02 REFERENCES .. 4 822......................... 4 822....................................................70 NOT USED..............................09 CLEANING ................................................................................................................... 4 822............................................................................ 11 CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS .. 11 AS BUILT AND HANDOVER REQUIREMENTS...........................................................28 LAP SPLICES ........................................... 4 PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS ..................03 CLEAR COVER REQUIREMENT ........................................................CONTENTS Clause Page No GENERAL .............................. 7 822.......................... 6 OPERATIONS........ 6 822.............................. 6 822................................................................................................................................................... 4 822.................................................................................25 NOT USED..................................... 6 822...................91 – 822............... 5 822........ 11 822..............................................10 MECHANICAL SPLICES .....................30 – 822............................................06 STANDARDS..

822. 822.04 – 822. AS 1234.1. The work under this specification consists of the scheduling. the full titles are given below: Australian/New Zealand Standards AS/NZS 1554.03 CLEAR COVER REQUIREMENT 1. Manufacturers and processors of steel reinforcing materials must hold a valid certificate of approval issued by the Australian Certification Authority for Reinforcing Steels Ltd (ACRS). supply.01 SCOPE 1.05 NOT USED PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS 822.3 Structural Steel Welding – Welding of Reinforcing Steel AS/NZS 4671 Steel Reinforcing Materials 822. MRS 67-08-43 or WA 123).02 REFERENCES 1. 2. For convenience.06 1. delivery and fixing of steel reinforcement to be cast into concrete. STANDARDS Reinforcement used in the Works shall comply with the Australian Standards listed in Table 822. The minimum cover measured from the surface of the concrete to the face of any reinforcing steel shall be as shown on the Drawings. MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 4 of 14 . MAIN ROADS Western Australia Standards and MAIN ROADS Western Australia Test Methods are referred to in abbreviated form (e.SPECIFICATION 822 STEEL REINFORCEMENT GENERAL 822.g. Australian Standards.

1 REINFORCEMENT USED IN WORKS Specification AS/NZS 4671 AS/NZS 4671 AS/NZS 4671 Reinforcement Grade 500N Hot Rolled Deformed Steel Reinforcing Bars for Concrete Reinforcing Wire Reinforcing Fabric/Welded Mesh Grade 500L 822. The Contractor shall prepare reinforcement bending schedules from the Drawings.3. Where field bending is required it shall be carried out by the application of a constant force using a pin diameter as specified in Table 822. Heating of reinforcement shall not be permitted except where indicated on the Drawings and shall then only be carried out in accordance with the following requirements: a) The steel shall be heated uniformly for at least 100 mm each side of the portion to be bent.4. 5. b) For grade 500 steel the heating shall be controlled such that the temperature does not exceed 450°C and shall be measured with temperature indicating crayons. d) Heated bars shall not be cooled rapidly by quenching or any other means. All bars shall be bent in accordance with Table 822. 3. Steel heated beyond 450°C shall be rejected. Prior to heating any reinforcement the Contractor shall supply to the Superintendent full details of the proposed heating procedure.07 BENDING AND CUTTING Schedule 1.2 unless otherwise detailed on the Drawings. Pin diameters for bends shall be in accordance with Table 822. Reinforcement shall be accurately cut and bent to the dimensions and shapes shown on the Drawings. e) All heating shall be carried out in the presence of the Superintendent. c) Grade 250N steel may be heated to a dull cherry red. 2. HOLD POINT MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 5 of 14 . 4.3 and hook and cog allowances in accordance with Table 822.TABLE 822. Reinforcement partially embedded in concrete shall not be field bent unless it is allowed for on the Drawings.

09 CLEANING 1. 5.26 FIXING 1. 822. 2. Alternative mechanical splices to the ones shown on the Drawings may be used provided that they are capable of developing at least 125% of the specified yield strength of the bar and meet the dimensional and clearance requirements shown on the Drawings. Reinforcing steel shall be accurately placed in the positions shown on the Drawings in accordance with the tolerances given in Table 822.10 MECHANICAL SPLICES 1. 822. MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 6 of 14 . Reinforcement placed in the Works shall be clean and free from all loose rust and mill-scale and all dirt and grease and all other foreign substances. The reinforcement shall be secured in position so that it shall not be displaced during the placement of concrete and the Contractor shall ensure that there is no disturbance of the reinforcement in concrete that has already been placed. Mechanical splices shall be used only where shown on the Drawings.5. Stirrups shall be wired securely to the bars they are intended to restrain so as to form an effective reinforcement cage. Reinforcing steel shall be stored above ground level and shall be protected from damage and deterioration.08 STORAGE 1.25 NOT USED OPERATIONS 822. 822. Reinforcement not supported off formwork or where the resulting concrete surface will be concealed may alternatively be supported on concrete blocks or plastic chairs approved by the Superintendent. After being placed in position all reinforcement shall be maintained in a clean condition until it is embedded in the concrete. 4.11 – 822.6mm annealed soft iron tie wire. 3. shall be supported on special purpose bar spacers approved by the Superintendent. Reinforcing bars intended to be in contact at points where they cross shall be bound together with 1.822. All reinforcing steel supported off formwork where the resulting concrete surface will be exposed.

822.3 822. c) Welds shall not be broken out. b) Welding of grade 500 steel will not be permitted within 75mm of a bend. the Contractor shall supply to the Superintendent documentation showing that welders to be employed on the Works are suitably qualified and that the qualification of welding procedures has been verified by testing in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 1554. 2. 2.29 1.28 LAP SPLICES HOLD POINT 1. Loose small pieces of fabric shall only be used where they are essential for fitting into small confined parts of the Works. 3. Prior to welding any reinforcement.27 WELDING 1.3.5. Welding or tack welding of reinforcement shall not be permitted except where indicated on the Drawings and shall then comply with the following requirements: a) Welding shall be in accordance with AS/NZS 1554. 822. The minimum length of lap shall be as indicated on the Drawings. TOLERANCES FOR FIXING The tolerances for fixing of reinforcement are given in Table MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 7 of 14 . Welded steel wire fabric shall be lapped as detailed on the Drawings and where not detailed shall overlap by at least one complete mesh on all sides such that the end cross wire of one sheet overlaps with the second end wire of the adjacent sheet.822. Loose bars shall not be used in conjunction with fabric reinforcement except where shown on the Drawings. Reinforcement shall only be spliced at locations shown on the Drawings.

helices. controlled by concrete cover at one end only or at neither end. Any length including allowances for laps. or on the overall dimension of each straight portion. hoops. or on that offset dimension. On the overall offset dimension of a cranked column bar Any offset Up to 20 -0 +10 Any size -0 +50 Up to 12 16 to 20 Up to 20 Over 20 Up to 12 16 to 20 Up to 20 Over 20 +0 -10 +0 -15 +0 -20 +0 -30 . controlled by concrete cover at both ends for bars other than fitments. or on that offset dimension. or on the overall dimension of each straight portion.0 +10 -0 +15 -0 +20 -0 +30 On the deviation from square measured in relation to the end 300mm of the sawn or machined end of a a straight bar intended for use as an end bearing Any bar length.2 FABRICATION MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 8 of 14 . 2 Nominal length or Dimension L (mm) 3 Nominal size or Diameter of Bar (mm) 4 Tolerance (mm) Up to 600 Up to 600 Over 600 Over 600 Up to 600 Up to 600 Over 600 Over 600 Up to 20 Over 20 Up to 20 Over 20 Up to 20 Over 20 Up to 20 Over 20 +0 -20 +0 -30 +0 -40 +0 -50 -0 +20 -0 -0 +30 +50 -0 +40 On that overall dimension controlled by cover at both ends. 24 and over  TABLE 822. stirrups. Up to 600 Up to 600 Over 600 Any Length Up to 600 Up to 600 Over 600 Any Length On the overall dimension.1 Condition On each overall dimension. for fitments (ties. and the like) only.

Fitments Material All deformed bars Fabric Wire and fabric Grade 230R bars All deformed bars Size 16 mm or less Size 20 mm or 24 mm Size 28 mm or greater Size 16 mm or less Size 20 mm or greater Diameter 5 db 3 db 3 db 3 db 4 db 4 db 5 db 6 db b) c) Reinforcement in which the bend is intended to be subsequently straightened or re-bent d) Reinforcement which is epoxy-coated or galvanised. TABLE 822.4 6 120 10 140 12 160 16 180 20 220 24 260 28 300 32 340 36 380 HOOK AND COG ALLOWANCES FOR BENT BARS AND FITMENTS MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 9 of 14 .3 PIN DIAMETERS FOR BENDS Bar Diam (mm) Length Allowance (mm) (assumed pin diameter. (c) or (d) below.Case a) Reinforcement. other than that specified in items (b). 5 db) TABLE 822. either before or after bending 5 db 8 db NOTE: db is the diameter of the bar being bent.

1S or ± 15mm whichever is greater. they may not be fully available. crossing bars starter bars. Bars to be placed in configuration shown on the Drawings. At the outside edge of reinforcement including fitments. At the outside edge of reinforcement or fitment. Slab or wall type member. 1a.1 Case 1 Where concrete cover to the reinforcement is the controlling factor. 2 Condition At the end of reinforcement. NOTE: This table should be read in conjuction with Table 822. but it should be noted that in some circumstances. Tolerance on Dimension 'S' +0. 3b. etc. 3a.5 TOLERANCES ON FIXING REINFORCEMENT MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 10 of 14 . 2a. where reinforcement is fabricated to maximum tolerance. Beam or column type member. Tolerances on Dimension 'T' -0 +20 when compression face -0 +10 when tension face Tolerances on Dimension 'B' -0 +10 when tension face -0 +20 when compression face 2 Where cover is not controlling. The tolerances given above are the maximum permissable.2 TABLE 822. Tolerances on Dimension 'E' ±10 3 Lateral spacing of reinforcement. 3 Tolerance(mm) Tolerances on Dimensions 'C' -0 +30 1b. Tolerances on location of an individual bar ± 15mm unless otherwise limited by cover requirements of case 1 above. ± 50 (see Case 1) 2b. 4 Bars in corners. At the end of reinforcement. Tolerance on Dimension 'L'.

71 – 822.822.90 NOT USED CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS 822.70 NOT USED AS BUILT AND HANDOVER REQUIREMENTS 822.91 – 822.30 – 822.99 NOT USED MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 11 of 14 .

The proposed documents with tracked changes shall be submitted to the Project Manager for review.g. If all information relating to a clause is deleted then the clause number should be retained and the words "NOT USED" should be inserted. Insertions shall be in italics e. prior to printing the final batch of documents. The Custodian of this specification is the Structures Design and Standards Engineer. example. When this final printing is carried out.g. MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 12 of 14 . Deletions shall be struck through e. the tracked changes option is to be turned off. NO GUIDANCE NOTES OR CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS AVAILABLE AT THIS TIME. example.SPECIFICATION 822 GUIDANCE NOTES DELETE THESE GUIDANCE NOTES FROM FINAL DOCUMENT AFTER USING FOR REFERENCE All edits to downloaded TDP documents shall be tracked (most word processing software allows this to be done automatically).

MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 13 of 14 .CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS TO ADD OR DELETE The following clauses are to be placed under the CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS as required.

Further action necessary: Signed: (Project Manager) Date: _______________ MAIN ROADS Western Australia Contract xxx/xx Specification 822 Steel Reinforcement Document 04/10136 Issue 24/10/12 Page 14 of 14 . ANNEXURES completed (Refer Specification Guidance Notes). SPECIFICATION GUIDANCE NOTES deleted. Project Manager certifies completed Specification reflects intent of the design. TABLE OF CONTENTS updated. Project Manager’s review completed. Project Manager has reviewed Specification and identified Additions and Amendments. 4. 1. 11. 9. 2. 13. 6. Any unlisted Materials/Products proposed and approved by the Project Manager? – if “Yes” provide details at 15.SPECIFICATION AMENDMENT CHECKLIST Specification Name: No: REINFORCEMENT Project Manager: Name: 822 Revision No: _______Title: STEEL _______________Signature: ____________Date:______ Checked By: Name: _______________Signature: _______________Date:______ Contract No: ___________Contract Description: _______________________________ ITEM SIGN OFF All changes/amendments must be shown in Tracked Change mode until DESCRIPTION Note: approved. 14. Clause deletions shown as ‘NOT USED’. 5. 10. Main Roads QS has approved changes to SMM. 15 Supporting information prepared and submitted to Project Manager. CONTRACT SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS addressed? – Contract specific materials/products/clauses added? (Refer Specification Guidance Notes for guidance). 3. Minimum Testing Frequencies verified). HANDOVER and AS BUILT requirements addressed. Standard Clauses amended? – MUST SEEK approval from MCP. 8. 7. Completed Specification – independent verification arranged by Project Manager 12. Appropriate INSPECTION & TESTING parameters included in Spec 201 (Test Methods.

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