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GE Inspection Technologies
Straight-beam probes with hard ceramic contact faces
3V / Div.
Ø 36 mm
Ø 37 mm
with hard ceramic contact faces for the highest demands
Ø 30 mm
0.5µs/Div. 2dB/Div. 2dB/ Div.
Ø 40 mm
Ø 24 mm
Ø 31 mm
0 - 4 MHz
0 - 4 MHz
Ø 15 mm Ø 26 mm
More than 110 dB gain
Type Order-no. D (mm) f (MHz) AB** (mm) N (mm) EB* (mm) Beamshape - no. Remark Sketch
Short echo pulses
Characteristic bandwidth: 75%
K1G K2G K4G K2N K4N K5N K6N 58506 58507 58508 58509 58510 58511 58512 24 24 24 10 10 10 10 1 2 4 2 4 5 6 15-2300 10-4000 7-8000 7-2500 5-5000 4-6300 3-7600 23 45 91 8 16 20 24 7 3.5 1.8 3.5 1.8 1.5 1.2 1 - 24 2 - 24 4 - 24 2 4 5 6 10 10 10 10 o o o o o o o Type 1
Characteristic bandwidth: 100%
G1N G2N G4N G2KB G5KB 58500 58501 58502 58503 58504 24 24 24 10 10 1 2 4 2 5 12-2300 10-2500 7-5000 7-1300 3-3400 23 45 88 8 20 5 2.5 1.2 2.5 1.0 1 - 24 2 - 24 4 - 24 2 - 10 5 - 10 o o o o o Type 1
* EB = Echo width ** AB = Operation range. The speciﬁed upper limit of the operation range applies to attenuation-free material. In practice, if the frequency increases, there will be a strong decrease in the upper limit Data concerning probes with other frequencies, element diameters or designs will be given on request.
Cable for all probes: MPKL2
We reserve the right to technical modiﬁcations without prior notice. ©2004 General Electric Company. All rights reserved. GEIT-20108GB (10/04)
. e. Therefore. The pulse length is short and only dependent on the shape of the initial pulse. signals still return even from greater depths.g. high wear resistance and having a plastic grip to enable fatiguefree operation. the protective membranes will be quickly damaged and must be constantly replaced. although with a lower frequency (ﬁgs. Here. when testing strongly scattering materials. G. As a result of the short pulses. Their piezoelectrical elements are selected and damped so that an extremely high sensitivity is obtained with a good resolution. the probe operates with 2 half-waves (fig.lightweight metal case with plastic grip The saying „whoever knows plastic. probes of the F series with the highest gain. when testing extremely large parts or at very high electrical noise levels. even in warm or cold ambient conditions.. because the couplant leaks out. as deep as 4 m. 6).. the K. 6: Echo signals with a narrow-band probe Higher gain for angled reﬂectors Due to the high proportion of low frequencies.. achieving good shielding. a K2G can detect a 2 mm diameter ﬂat-bottom hole in ﬁne-grained steel. Fig. but also: • high penetration power at high attenuation • excellent signal-to-noise ratio at strong scattering • higher sensitivity for angled reﬂectors • outstanding wear resistance on rough surfaces • rugged. and also the K. very good near resolution and enable detection of reﬂectors which are directly beneath the surface of the test object. 5) than narrow band probes.. Fig. Rugged. frequency. lightweight metal case with plastic grip • data consistency: probes of the same type produce identical test results Outstanding resolution If resolution is required. This is achieved when suitable electrical damping is selected on the ultrasonic instrument.. 3: Echo from a short distance Data consistency Each probe must meet the strict quality speciﬁcations of it‘s data sheet before it is released for delivery. and documented precision Excellent signal-to-noise ratio The G..GE Inspection Technologies Ultrasonics Straight-beam probes with excellent performance .. Superior penetration power The G... chooses iron and steel“ certainly applies to the past. e. with negligible sound attenuation. Very high sensitivity If the test requires the highest sensitivity.. effective element diameter and impedance. Nevertheless. Fig.. echoes from adjacent reﬂectors do not interfer with each other but are individually displayed. probes have advantages compared with narrow-band probes having the same center frequency. It is not possible to dispense with metal because ultrasonic probes must be well shielded against electrical noise. and the other one with low frequency to test the depth range. One with high frequency in order to obtain the near resolution.2).. angled ﬂaws or ﬁssures reﬂect broadband pulses at a greater amplitude than narrow band pulses do. the rugged probes with a hard contact surface show their advantage. bandwidth. the same test object must be tested with 2 probes each having different frequencies. it is not only the basic features which establish these probes into the top position. In this way we ensure that each probe of the same type produces the same test results: Fig. and the K.. Shockwave probes have. produce a better signal-to-noise ratio (fig. The sound pulse is 3 half-waves long when excited by a needle pulse (fig. Shockwave probes are the right ones for the job! The probes have critical damping. 5: Echo signals with a wide-band probe Fig. Resolution and gain are decisive probe features.. the G. Therefore. Metal casings are criticized by users as being „too heavy“ or „unpleasant in warm or cold ambient conditions“. At a step-shaped initial pulse. When applying narrow-band probes. our probes correspond to all important ultrasonic data within very narrow tolerances. probes are the best tools for the job. e.. 1: Initial pulse Echo pulse Fig. B2S (fig. 3 and 4). 2: Initial pulse Echo pulse .. They are able to survive such a test much better than probes with soft protective membranes.1).. 4: Echo from a greater depth The large pulse bandwidth (high portion of low frequencies) has the additional effect that with higher sound attenuation. That is why two different versions of probe exist: the G. For example. This is why we selected a stable metal case made of stainless steel. probes.g... probes.g. Krautkramer probes are precise measurement tools! Remarkable wear resistance Probes with protective membranes give ﬁrst-class service when used on rough surfaces because they have excellent coupling properties and only show slight deviations in gain when moved across the surface.. shockwave probes of the F series. However. Shockwave probes and also K. due to their short sound pulse.. . if the surface has protruding sharp ﬂakes or warped edges. with the highest possible resolution (critical damping).