IS : 2 - X960

Indian Standard Revised)

( Rcaflimcd 2000 1590) ) ( Reaffirmed






UDC 511.135.6


CopVright 1960









SAMSON of Defence ) LT-COL R. Calcutta SHRI R. SHRIS. KRISHNAN Members Council of Scientific New Delhi & Industrial Research. R. New Delhi SHRI BALESHWAR NATH ( Ministry of DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF Directorate General of Observatories Transport & Communications ). S. JOSHI Institution of Engineers ( India). B. ME%IRA New Delhi Government Test House. N. Design & Standardization Organization ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ( Ministry of Railways ) Central Board of Irrigation & Power. New Delhi OBSERVATORIES Engineering Research Department. S. R. JANARDHANAM ( Alterm& ) ( Continued on page 2 ) BUREAU MANAK OF INDIAN STANDARDS BHAVAN. D. DR B.IS:2- 1960 Indian Standard RULES FOR ROUNDING OFF NUMERICAL TSALUES ( Revised) Engineering Chairman Standards Sectional Committkej EDC 1 DR K. RAGHAVAN Central Water & Power Commission. 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAPAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002 . Calcutta Indian Engineering Association. R. MUI~ERJI SWRIK. KRISIINAN Council of Scientific & Industrial Research. Bangalore DR R. SHRI PREM PRAKASH I Alkrnate to Dr K. BHATTACHARJEE ( Alternate ) Council of Scientific & Industrial Research. KAPUR Indian Institute of Science. Government of DIRECTOR Andhra Pradesh SHRI S. Krishnan‘ Research. R. Cnlcutta SHRI S. S. New Delhi Controller of Development (Armaments ) ( Ministry BRIGJ. N. NIJHA~AN New Delhi SHRIV.

SIRHA Ministry of Transport & Communications ( Roads SHRI J. IS1 DR LAL Mmbcrs Directorate Gcnrral of Supplies & Disposals ( Ministry of Works. VERMAN( Ex-oQcio ) Deputy Director ( Engg ). IS1 SFIRIJ. IS1 Extra Assistant Director ( Stat ). M. IS1 . M.lg ) SHRI T. BHARGAVA ( .~%LLIA~WS Research. P. GUPTA SHRI B. N. SINGH Assistant Director ( Stat ). T~EEI. N.4 ( AltematG ) S&iRIR. N. New Delhi Director.~N Wi. Calcutta SHRI J. SARUA Secrete&s DR A.lftenzate ) Council of Scientific & Industrial LT-GEN H. Housing & Supply ) Engineering Association of India. K. MEliROTR.

3 This standard was origiually issued in 1949 with a view to promoting the adoption of a uniform procedure in rounding 08 numerical values. AME&CAN -STANDARD I. the rules given referred only to unit fineness of rounding ( see 2.ISr2-1960 Indian Standard RULES FOR ROUNDING OFF NUMERICAL VALUES ( Revised) 0. 25. American Society for Testing and Materials. 1955. British Standards Insti- tution.from the left. it was also felt that the discussion ‘on the number of figures to be retained as given in the earlier version required further elucidation. FOREWORD 0. cowted .S. B. Moreover.2 To round off a value is to retain a certain number of figures.. and drop the others so as to give a more rational form to the value. American Standards Association. The John Hopkins Press. Baitimore. 0.4 In preparing IS : 787-1956 this standard? refcrcnce has been made?0 the following: GUIDE FOR INTER-CONVERSION OF VALUES FROMONE SYSTEM OF UNITSTO ANOTHER. ASTM DESIGNATION : E 29-50 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FORDESK+ NATMG SIONIFICANT PLACES IN SPECIFIED VALUES. The present revision is expected to fulfil’these needs. Numerical Mathematical Analysis. after the draft finalized by the Engineering Standards Sectional Committee had been approved by the Engineering Division Council.1-1940 RULES FOR ROUNDING OFF NUUERICAL VALUES. 3 . 1957 : 1953 PRESENTATION OF NUMERICAL VALUES( PIN=NESS OF EXPRESSION.3 ) and in course of years the need was felt to prescribe rules for rounding off numerical values to fineness of rounding ‘other than unity.1 This Indian Standard ( Revised ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 27 July 1960. However. 0. SCARBOROUGH. ROUNDINQ OF NUMBERS). JAU~ W. 0. As the Ault of a test or of a calculation is generally rounded off for the purpose of reporting or for drafting specifications. Indian Standards Institution. it is necessary to prescribe rules for ‘ rounding off ’ numerical values as also for deciding on ‘ the number of figures ’ to be retained.

.3s : 2 . . Examples: Value 0. 2..1960 1.0 567 700 56.77 x lo2 0 056. .770 3 900 ( see Note 3 ) SigniJcani Figures 5 : 10 5 6 4 I NOTE2 . and thus assisting in drafting specifications. mendations as to the number of figures that should be retained in course of computation. . 10% 2. an analysis. the value proper which is 10~32 and the unit of expression for the value. .029 50 21. 1.Any of the digits.A value is said to have as many significant figures ai there are number of significant digits ( see Note 2 ) in the value. SCOPE 1. .029 5 10.9 occurdng in a value shall be a significant digit(s).4lowing definitions shall apply. 2. Examples : Value o-029 500 0.. 3.32 x 10s should be taken to consist of two parts.029 5 2 ooo$Oo 001 29 1. counting from the left-most non-zero digit and ending with the right-most digit in the value. counting from the first figure after the decimal point and ending with the last figure on the right.For the purpose of tliis standard. a measurement or a calIt also makes recomculation.. .029 5 2 ooo*ooo 001 5 677.00 10. TERMINOLOGY 2.0 For the purpose of this standard: the i”.1 This standard prescribes rules for rounding off numerical values for the purpose of-reporting results of a test. .2 Number of Significant Figures . and zero shall be a significant digit cnly when it is preceded by some .32 x lo8 ( see Note 1 ) Decimal Places 5 4 2” 2 NOTEI. the expression 10. 2.1 Number of Decimal Places -. A value is said to have as many decimal placesas there are number of figures in the value..

it would be always desitablr to writ. others puters ’ round up ‘. 3. increase by 1.With a view to removing anv ambiguity regarding the signilrcancr. digit. the last figure retained. thy value For cuamplr.. of zeros at the end in a value like 3 900.1960 zcras ) on its left. ’ round down ‘. 2.) .0 The rule usually followed in rounding off a value to unit fincness of rounding is to keep unchanged the last figure retained when the figure next beyond is less than 5 and to increase by 1 the last figure retained when t!rc figure next beyond is more than 5. 0. 0. 20. 10. the sum and the average of a series of values so rounded will be larger or smaller than the corresponding sum or average of the unroundHowever.3 ). 3. 0. 2. When the figure next beyond the last figure or place to be retained is 5 alone or 5 followed by zeros only. 5 . O*OOO 5. Obviously. For example. 100 or any other unit depending on the fineness desired. a signiIicant the in 103 to NOTE 3 . in the pow“’ of 10 to indicatr zero shall not b. O*OOO 2.9 % ICI*.005. 3. 3 900 may br written as 3.900 X 103 depending upon the last figure(s) in the value to which it is drsirrd impart significance. that is. the figure in the last place retained shall be (a) increased by 1 if it is odd and (b) left unchanged if even ( zero would be regarded as an even number for this purpose ). There is diversity of practice when the In such cases. or 3. a value may be rounded to the nearest O*OOO ()I. the following rules shall be followed: is Rule IWhen the figure next beyond the last figure or place to be retained is less than 5. the figure in the last place retained shall be left unchanged. 0. the figure in the last place retained shall hc increased by 1. the sum and the average of the rounded values would be more nearly correct than in the previous cases ( see Appendix A .3 Fineness of Rounding-The unit to which a value is rounded off. Rule III --.1 Rounding Off to Unit Fineness .07. rules stated in 3. When appearing other digit (excepting the magnitude of the unit in the expression of a value.5. some comfigure next beyond the last figure retained is 5.1 in one step (gee 3.In case the fineness of rounding unity in the last place retained. RULES FOR ROUNDING 3.IS : 2 .90 x the power-of-ten notation. 50. if the retained value is always ‘ rounded up ’ or always ‘ munded down ‘. if rounding off is carried out in accordance with the ed values.002 5. discard everything beyond the last figure retains-d.001. 1. O-01. that is. Rule II--When the figure next beyond the last figure or place to be retained is more than 5 or is 5 followed by any figures other than zeros.

IS:Z-1960 Some examples in Table I. Rule I III(b) III(a) II III(b) III(b) II I II 7. the rounded quotient. 2.46 13. the value shall be rounded down such that the rounded value is an integral multiple of n. it is n. etc.725 3.205 0.72 19..01 r-_.43 when rounded to fineness 0.1 The rules for rounding laid down in 3.1 may be extended to apply when the fineness of rounding is O-10.550 0.55 a.725 3. the The quotient shall be rounded off to the nearest whole number in accordance with the rules laid down in 3. other than unity. may also bc stated in line with those for unit fineness of rounding (see 3.1 c_A-.7 0.545 001 a.1 for unit fineness of rounding.10 becomes 2.26 14.1 ) as follows: Divide the given value by n SO that an integral quotient and a remainder are obtained.3 14.1. examples illustrating the application of Rule IV are given in Nope 4 -The rules for rounding off a value to any fineness of rounding.260 14. 100.549 9 0. the given value shall be rounded off according to the following rule: to a fineness n.650 1 0.In case the fineness of rounding is not unity.05 oxw1 __‘h___ Rounded Rule Value 7.725 19.205 0. The number so obtained. say.545 a. that k.2 Rornding Off to Fineness Other than Unity .455 13.h____y Rounded Value 7.5 8.UJJES TO UNIT FINENESS VALUE r 1 h---y r-Rounded Rule Value 7 15 3 14 9 19 1 1 0 I II I II II I II II I ~_-.2 0.725 19. 3.5 13.__*-0.72 3. 712 and 715 when rounded to the fineness 10 become 710 and 720 respectively.5 0. n.650 0. For example. illustrating the application of Rules I to III are given TABLE I EXAMPLES OF ROUNDING OFF V. 10. Similarly.260 4 14. but. 1 000.7 19. given value shall be divided by n.050 II I III(a) I I . 6 . Rule IV- When rounding Table Some II.049 50 I I I II I 3.20 0.7 3.55 0.65 0.40._ Rounded Rule Value 7. Round off the value in the following manner: a) If the remainder is less than n/2.455 13.0 II I II I FINENESS OF ROUNDING 0. shall then be multiplied by n to get the final rounded value.

2 0.2. b) Rounding off to fineness 20. 0. rallccl for 1~ st:~tccl in ill a) Rounding Rule.1 Fineness practice.5 is seldom For‘thcse casts.70 to the nearest 0.75 0. when 2 000 is divided by 2. 7 . n (2) 0.875 325 1 025 (3)-(l)/(2) 8. 2.005.02. The value thus obtained shall 1~ l~alvctl to get the final rounded value.5.g other than 2 and .5 @O7 0. 0. 0.1.TABLE II EXAMPLES OF ROUNDING OTHER THAN QUOTIE~~T OFF VALUES UNIT TO FINENESS VALUE FIP~BNESS OF ROUNDING. the given value shall be halved and rounded off to half the required fineness of rounding in accordance with 3.5 10 !2 G 20 3. etc.5 20.4 is doubled.496 8 1. 2. The value thus obtained shall then be doubled to get the final rounded value. 0.5 6.When rounding to 5 units.35 which becomes 1.687 2 1 0.5 9.70 2.5 3. the resulting number 2.239 13.2. simpler of roundin.2. when 1.2 0.07 50 50 (0 1. V . For example.4 when rounded off to the nearest O-1.1.322 7 3. Rule VIWhen rounding to 2 units. 5. O- is halved giving 1. the given value shall IX doubled and rounded elf to twice the rcq~rirc~tl fincncss of rountling in accordance with 3.8 is the rounded value. in rounding off 2.c17 3 12. 975 is douljlcd giving 1 950 which becomes 2 000 when rounded off to the nearest 100.647 8 2. etc. 0. in rounding off 975 to the nearest 50.3 0. the rules for rounding may form as follows: off to fineness 50. the resulting number 1 000 is the rounded value of 975. For example.

1-9 9. either for the purpose of reporting or for guiding the formulation of specifications will depend on the significance of the figures in the value.215 would have yielded 922 which is in error by more than half a unit in the last place. S~IICC‘ the ~nost precise valur available here is nearer to 0. the vallre O-5. 0. In case the fina 5 is obtained exactly.7 than to 0% &on! ( .The fin:11 rounded value shall be obtained the mcst prccisc v:~luc available in one step only.65 and 0. an analysis or a measurement.cisc value available is nearer to 0. and O-6. 0. 4. It is. Further rounding to 3 significant figures would yield the value as 3-2 1. certain basic rules may be recommended 8 . L\OTE 5 .when rounded to a fineness of rounding 0.c.55. Similarly. 4. experimental dr they may arise from computations involving several steps. For cxamplc.1960 3. roundingof 3. otherwise. 4.ccssive rolmdillgs to 0*5X’). it may be hrlpM to use a ‘+’ or ‘-’ sign after the final 5 to indicate whether a subsequent rounding should be up or down.214 7 may be written as 3-215. this number would be rounded down and b\ritten as 3. results.001.6 and that ti c error involved is l~.6 which is obtained aq a r. This aspect has been discussed in detail under 4 of IS : 7871956 to which reference may be made for obtaining helpful i illSO ?‘d)lC 1 ).1 While it is not possible to prescribe details which may be followed in computations of various types. It is obvious that tit? most i)t.1 Experimental Results .IS: 2 .3 Successive Rounding . in other w. Similarly. therefore.c. The rounding off error will. In subsequent rounding the 5 would then be treated in accordance with Mule III.Thq number of figures to be retained in an experimental result.7 in one step and not succcssivcly to 0.sult of auc.205 4 could be written as 3205+ when rounded to 4 significant figures. necessary to carry out the computation in such a manner as would obtain accurate results consistent with the accuracy of the data in hand. shall hc written as 0.5 and not to 0. 4. in fact. when rounded to one sign&cant ligurcx. NUMBER OF FIGURES TO BE RETAINED 4. and not from a series of succcssivc rouiitlings. Thus 3.In those casts where a linal rounded value terminates with 5 and it is intended to use it in further in the formc>l. be injected into computation every time an arithmetical operation is performed.21 which is in error by less than half a unit in the last place.In computations involving values of different accuracies.2.0 Pertinent to the application of the rules for rounding off is the underlying decision as to the number of figures that should be retained in a given The original values requirin g to be rounded off may arise as a problem. it would be indicated by leaving the 5 as such without using ‘+’ or ‘-’ sign.650. 3. cast‘.5 and not as 0.2 Conlputatiions . 0. the problem as to how many figures should be retained at various s’teps assumes a special significance as it would affect the accuracy of the final result.650 1 shall be rr:u(ltlcd 011‘ to 0. If fur&r rourtding to three significant figures is dnlred.6. result of a test.

their difference 0. off to b) Subtraction . then the number of significant figures to he retained in each of the values shall br m $ k. the intermediate results shall be properly rounded at the end of e&h step so as to avoid the accumulation of rounding errors in such cases. at the end of each step. will save labour to be normally 4. greatest so‘trcc of inaccuracy in most computations.000 81. SOW 7 -To ensure a greater degree of accuracy in the computations.168 71 arc cnch cor~ct to five significant figures. the expression 2% 1~‘s ($A) may be better would evaluated defer by taking the division its calculational form until the. method. VI )/wa 271~32 which 9 . in the determination of sucrose by voiu x lctrlc. off to the same number of significant figures as in the least accurate value.(SEC &ample 1). it is also desirable to avoid or defef . If.The number of sigmjicant figures the more accurate values shall be kept one more than The result shall then be rounded that in the least accurate value. and it forms the weakest link ~1 a chain computation where it occurs.IS:2~1960 for single arithmetical operations which. s long as possible certain approximation operations like that of the division or square root. which has only two signifcant figures.2.The more accurate values shall be rounded off SO as to retain one more place than the last significant figure in the least The resulting sum shall then be rounded accurate value.last operation as 20~1 !fs cl -fi of the calculation. and at the same time enable accuracy of original data maintained in the final answers. the tlifferencr of two ~alucs is desired to be correct to k significant figures and if it is known brforehand that the first m significant figures at the left will disappear by subtraction. the last significant place in the least accurate value. to the same @ace as the last significant figure in &s-accurate value. and Dirrisioil . however. if the values 0.The more accurate value ( of the two given values ) shall be rounded off. the following procedures are recommended: a) Addition . and the result shall be reported as such ( see also Note 6 ). Multifilication c> retained in 4 When a long computation is carried out jn several steps. (b) and (c) ( seenlso Note 7 ). It is recommended that.2 As a guide to thyiumber of places or figures to be retained in the calculations involving arithmetical operations with rounded or approximate values. For example.169 52 and 0. is quite likely to introduce inaccuracy in subsequent computation. one more significant figure may be retained than is required under (a). before subtraction. when followed. Thus. Noln 6 -The loss of the significant figures in the subtraction of two nearly equal values is the.

and 76 939. to two decimal places and then added as shown below: 461.e’hf 679.fS:2-1960 4.10 7694 14648 x 10 x 10 the neakest hundred as The sum shall then +e reported to 1 465 x 100 or even as 1. 10 that .746~2. / off values 461.5 4.8 and 76.6 76.6.8. that is. 381. off to the nearest ten and 39 500 to the the then place 2 849 x 10 89 x 10 66 x 10 3 950 x.854 and 4. assuming each number is known to its last figure but no farther. all other values shall he rounded off to one more place.365.2. assuming that the value 39 500 is known nearest hundred only.32. 657.32 381. Since the least accurate value 381.32.465 x 106.3 Examples Example 1 Required to find the sum of the rounded 76.5. Example 3 Required to find the ditTeren. as 924.75 924. Examjle 2 Required to ftnd the sum of the values 28 490.6 is known only to the first decimal place. 894. Since one of the values is known other values shall be rounded added as shown below: only to the nearest hundred. that is.52 The resulting sum shall then be reported to the same decimal as in the least accurate value.

IS : 2 . is correct figures. to three significant 11 . WOO9 477 4. that the denominator is Since the denominator here is aorrrect to two significant figures. Example 5 Required to evaluate to its last figure. 35*2/1/z given that the numerator three significant Then. shall be reported Example 4 Required figures. Required to evaluate 3*78x/5*6.4 --603.89 and the resuit shall be reported Example 6 as 24.0*009 477 4 ‘I’he result. the number of si nificant figures retained in each value shall be 8 as shown below.1960 since OJlC oi’ the valrws is known to the first decimal phKe only. the other value shall also be rounded off to the first decimal place and then the difference shah be found. 679.8 76.414.2 mJ I 24. assuming true to only two significant figures.587 450 0 1. each number in the numerator would be taken up. 603*4. the shall be reported as such‘ ( or as Since the numerator here is corre$to denominator shall be taken as t/r-t 35.577 973 4 ----.4 ‘I’he diff‘crence.9. 9. Since l/552 to evaluate dm t/2cprrect to live significant as such.4774 >( 10-3). B I. 1. = 1-587 450 79 = l-577 973 38 l /Fs and three significant figures at the left will disappear on subtraction.

In the latter case. however. 2. 9 and ‘ down ’ when they are 0. since the fi urg’ to be dropped is exactly 5. APPENDIX ( Clause 3. Besides. the ( rounded ) even values may generally be exactly divisible by many more numbers. these two rules establish a balance between rounding ’ down ’ and ‘ up ’ for all numbers other than those that fpll exactly midway between two alternatives. the number ‘ rounded up ’ and the nuniber ‘ rounded down ’ will be nearly equal.78 x 3. 5. 4.0 ) VALIDITY A OF RULES A-l. The rounding off a value to an even number facilitates the division of the rounded value by 2 and the result!of such division gives rhe correct rounding of half the original unrounded value. Thus. 8.14 = 2. NOTE 8 . Rule III hence advocates a similar balance between rounding ‘ up ’ and ‘ down ’ ( see also Note 8 ). Therefore.1. Thus. implies that rounding shall be ‘ up ’ when the preceding figures are 1.From purely logical considerations. be reported as 2-l. 3. Rule III. This ipplies that if the above rules are followed in a large group of values in which random distribution of figures occurs. that is. than are the ( rounded ) odd values. 6.3. which specifies that the value shoul) agbe rounded to its nearest even number.7 The result shall. may be seen from the fact that to every number that is to be ‘ rounded down ’ in accordance with Rule I.08 . there corresponds a number that is to be. But there is a practical aspect to the matter. even as well as odd. the sum and the average of the rounded values will be more nearly correct than would be the case if all were rounded in the same direction. as given in 3. Thl validity of the rules for rounding off numerical values.’ rounded up ’ in accordance with Rule II. 5. 7.IS:2-1960 figures. 12 . either all ‘ up ’ or all ‘ down ‘. a given value could have as well been rounded to an odd number ( and not an even number as in Rule III ) when the discarded figures fall exactly midway between two alternatives.

T. BOMBAY Narasimharaja Square. Bangalore-Tumkur Road. CHANDIGARH 160036 Southern : C. T. Barua Road. 82/83. AHMADABAD Peenya Industrial Area. Palayam. NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones : 331 01 31 Telegrams : Manaksansths 331 13 75 (Common to all Offices) Regional Offices : Telephone Central : Manak Bhavan.dqoarters : OF INDIAN STANDARDS Manak Bhavan. SRI NAGAR 190011 Sindhu Nagar. Maniktola.(lndia) Building. Beprography Unit. BOMBAY 400093 Branch Offices : ‘Pushpak’. LUCKNOW 226005 Patliputra Industrial Estate. Road. T.I. 9. Sector 35-C.G. Kanpur Roao.I. BANGALORE 560058 Gangotri Complex.63 :25 21843 41 29 16 6 32 92 95 NEW DELHI 110002 l Eastern . CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 445-446. Shankar Naoar Souare. Approach. Bhadbhada Road. House No. Nagar. Road. JAIPUR 302005 1171418 B Sarvodaya Nagar.BUREAU Hea. 27 68 00 89 65 28 22 39 71 Sales Office is at Novelty Chambers. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. 116 G. Gupta Marg. C Scheme. GUWAHATI 781003 5-8-56C L. 14/1421. IV Cross Road. MADRAS 600113 t Western : Manakalaya..l/14 C. R. FARIDABAD 121001 Savitri Complex. 6/48-A Avanasi Road. COIMBATORE 841037 Quality Marking Centre. 29. Grant Road. University P.H. Marol.T. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg. GHAZIABAD 201001 5315 Ward No. C. Campus. 800013 Bagh-e-Ali Maidan. PATNA District Industries Centre Complex. 5th Flodr. 205-A West High Court Road.I. 1 st Stage.T. NAGPUR 440010 institution of &g&ers . 561/63. India . Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg ! 331 01 31 333: . E9 MIDC. IV. Khanpur.I. CALCUTTA t iAFriLFi~ is at Unitv Building. Lewis Road.T. Princep Street. KANPUR 208005 Plot No. 1332 Shivaji Naga. 0. No. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695034 Inspection Offices (With Sale Point) 6 21 04 : 52 51 71 5 24 35 Pushpanjali. N. BIS. A-9. BHOPAL 462003 380001 2 63 48 39 49 55 55 40 21 5 36 27 2 67 05 8-71 19 96 33177 231083 6 34 71 21 68 76 5 55 07 6 23 05 Plot No. New Delhi. PUNE 411005 - ‘Sales Office Calcutta is at 5 Chowringhee P. First Floor. O. 5th By-lane.. ( Nampally Station Road ) HYQERABAD 500001 R14 Yudhister Marg. N. N.P. Scheme VII M. Andheri (East).T. BHUBANESHWAR 751002 Kalai Kathir Building. * V.

The rounding may be done in one direction. for minimum thickness of the body of LPG cylinder is The rounding may be done in one direction. 3. where specitir limit (‘Maximum’ or ‘Minimum’) has been stipulated or where specifically mentioned in the requirement. clause 0.4 mm.2 and 3. it may be advisable always to round in one direction.3 ) Insert the following new clause after 3. For example.4 ) Insert the following after first entry: AMENDMENT IS 1890 ( PARTO) : 1995/ISQ 31-O : 1992 QUANTITIES AND UNITS : PART 0 GENERALPRINCIPLE ( FIRSTREVISZON ) (Page 8. In cases. The requirement 2.3 mm.4 The rules given in 3.06 mg/I. For example. For example. The rounding may be done in one direction. clause 3. Examples: The requirement of leakage current for domestic electrical appliances is 210 (LA (rms) maximum. it will be rounded up and reported as 0.39 mm.051 mg/l. if a test result is obtained as 0.1.3: “3.05 mg’l. . maximum beyond which drinking water shall be considered toxic.3 should be used only if no specific criteria for the selection of the rounded number have to be taken into account.1.NO. it will be rounded down and reported as 2. The requirement for cyanide (as CN) for drinking water is specified as 0. if a test result is obtained as 210. 1 FEBRUARY 1997 TO IS 2 : 1960 RULES FOR ROUNDING OFF NUMERICAL VALUES ( Revived) (Puge 3. if a test result is obtained as 2. it will be rounded up and reported as 211 pA.

1 to I§ 2 : 1960 The requirement for Impact-Absorption Motorcycle Riders is: for Protective Helmets for ‘The conditioned helmet tested shall meet the requirements. N& Delhi.” (MSDl) Reprography Unit. India . it will be rounded up and reported as 151 gn.81 m/set ) for any 5 milliseconds continuously and at no time exceeds 300 g. when the resultant acceleration (RMS value of acceleration measured along three directions) measured at the centre of grfvity of the headform shall be 5 150 gn (where gn = 9. BIS..’ The rounding may be done in one direction.Amend 4) No.1 gn. If a test result is obtained as 150.


Delete ail the examples ( AmendmemNo. clause 3. para 1 ) - AMENDMENT Substitute the first sekence for the following: ‘In case the fineness of rounding is unity in the last place retained. October 1997 ) - Delete this amendment. clause 3. 1. (MSD3) Reprography Unit. Febrrrory 1997.’ Substitute the second ‘_ limits have to be respected. BiS. 1.4 ) given under this clause.N-O. the following rules (except in 3.1.4 ) sentence for the following: ‘In all cases. February 1997. clause 3. 3 AUGUST 2008 TO IS 2 : 1960 RULES FOR ROUNDING OFF NUMERICAL VALUES (Revised) ( Page 5. 2. (Amendment No. India . where safety requirements rounding or&scribed off should be done in one direction only. New Delhi.4) shall be followed:’ ( Amenhaent No.

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