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1. Nature and aim of British forgery-British forgery in Indian history was
multifaceted and well declared, but is still considered authentic by Indians who
refuse to leave mental slavery. There was a lot of false propaganda about history
and its science, in which stories of Aśoka, Kalinga and Buddhism are most
important. Main falsehoods are(1) Indians did not write history.-Actually, whatever history is written is totally
from Indian literature though its major part was destroyed in 1000 years foreign
(2) Indian did not give dates-Actually, Indians only have given dates. Date can be
given only with reference to a calendar system. Even the time of Alexander’s
Attack had to be ascertained from Persian records, as Greece did not have any
calendar at that time. Megasthenes has written that the first Greek attack was by
Dionysus, 6451 years 3 months before Alexander in 154 generations of Indian
kings. This count of generations or running calendar did not exist in any other
country and this was based solely on Indian records.
(3) All Greek historians-Herodotus, Megasthenes, Solinu, Arrian, Pliny, Curtius
have written that (a) India is only country where all persons are indigenous, (b)
India had not attacked any country since last 15000 years as it was self sufficient
in food. After Maxmuller copied 15000 years and reduced it 10 times to make
1500 BC as start of Indian Vedic civilization, this number was omitted from later
editions. (c) There was continuous govt at least since 6777 BC when first Greek
attack had occurred. (d) Reference to India meant that Greek attack was solely
for looting-but it was shown to have given knowledge of science to India.
(4) All research was centered to destroy Indian records and praise in even
western records to show that Britishers were just other foreigners like Indians
themselves and had come for civilizing this country-not for looting. For that,
excavation was made only in Indus valley and without bothering to know the
meaning, arbitrary conclusions of date, migration of Aryanas were made. Till
today, westerns and even nationalists are obsessed with Indus civilization.
Nationalism has changed the word to Sarasvati-but we have stopped looking at
our own language and records.
(5) There is no inscription seen anywhere in world which has given sequence and
chronology of kings. These are found systematically in purāṇas only. After
copying succession of kings from that, names of major kings who started
calendars have been dropped and such kings have been made great who are
nowhere mentioned in any literature or do not have any effect now. All Sanskrit
students/teachers read works of Kālidāsa under Vikramāditya (Samvat in 57 BC)
of Ujjain, Śūdraka (Śaka in 756 BC) and Śrīharṣa (Śaka in 456 BC) -but after
lifelong reading tell that there is no record about these kings as their calendars
are still in use.
(6) There is only one chapter on Maurya Aśoka in Divyāvadāna, not a single line
about any so-called great Gupta kings-but these are considered great. Samvat of
Vikramāditya is still standard for deciding all festivals of India-not the so called
Rāṣṭrīya-śaka-samvat started as copy of Roman calendar and there is10000
pages of literature on him-but that is not reference, as it can indicate correct
(7) Dhauli inscription of Aśoka is only about welfare and administration-it does
not mention Kalinga war or anything about Buddha. But there were 10 million
murders in north India as retaliation of 1857 revolt and further 3.5 million
starvation murders in Orissa by Ravenshaw in 1865 when there was surplus
production of rice. So, Vincent Smith created false story in 1893 (Ashok the
Great) that hindus also were blood-thirsty and had killed /injured 10.5 lakhs in
Kalinga war. Ashamed of being murderous hindu, Aśoka was converted to
Buddhism. Romila Thapar (Asoka and the Decline of the Maurya) went a step
ahead and described about downfall of India due to pacifist policy of Aśoka. All
these are totally false, baseless and unimaginable.
2. Time of Aśoka-It was not something unknown and is written accurately in all
purāṇas. Actually, there is no calendar in Europe prior to Julian calendar which
can record his date. Carbon dating can indicate the date of any object with at
least an error of 300 years for that period and even then a written record is
needed to know that it was of time of Aśoka or Gupta period. All Indian calendar
calculations start with Kali era beginning from 17-2-3102 BC, Wednesday, Ujjain
midnight and even rough calculation by Vākyakaraṇa (charts memorized by
sentences) has error of less than 15 minutes. Any calculation by calendar
software of NASA will have error of up to 68 hours for 3100 BC. After 10 models
of correction, error can be reduced to about 25 hours.
There are 2 Aśokas –one a Maurya king of Magadha and another a Gonanda king
of Kashmir about same time. All purāṇas give list of Kaliyuga kings of Magadha
e.g. Bhāgavata purāṇa, skandha 11). They are1.Bārhadratha vamśa-Started with Somāpi, son of Sahadeva killed in
(1) Somāpi (Mārjāri)-(3138-3080 BC), (2) Śrutaśravā (3080-3016 BC), (3)
Apratīpa (3016-2980 BC), (4) Niramitra (2980-2940 BC), (5) Sukŗta (2940-2882
BC), (6) Bŗhatkarman (2882-2859 BC), (7) Senajita (2859-2809 BC), (8)
Śrutañjaya (2809-2769 BC), (9) Mahābala (2769-2734 BC), (10) Śuchi (27342676 BC), (11) Kśema (2676-2648 BC), (12) Aņuvrata (2648-2584 BC), (13),
Dharmanetra (2584-2549 BC), (14) Nirvŗtti (2549-2491 BC), (15) Suvrata (24912453 BC), (16) Dŗɖhasena (2453-2395 BC), (17) Sumati (2395-2362 BC), (18)
Suchala (2362-2340BC), (19) Sunetra (2340-2300 BC), (20) Satyajita (2300-2217
BC), (21) Vīrajita (2217-2182 BC), (22) Ripuñjaya (2182-2132 BC) Total-22 kings
for 1006 years (Brahmāņɖa purāņa 2/3/74/121, Vişņu purāņa 4/23/12 etc)
2. Pradyota vamśa-Last Bārhadratha king was Ripuñjaya killed by his minister
Śunaka (or Pulaka) and made his son-in-law Pradyota, as king (Brahmāņɖa
purāņa 2/3/74/122, Skanda purāņa 12/2 etc). (1) Pradyota (2132-2109 BC), (2)
Pālaka (2109-2085 BC), (3) Viśākhayūpa (2085-2035 BC), (4) Janaka (2035-2014
BC), (5) Nandivardhana (2014-1994 BC)-Total 5 kings for 138 years.
3. Śiśunāga vamśa- (Kaliyuga Rāja Vŗttānta 2/2, Bhāgavata purāņa 12/2/8
etc.)-(1)Śiśunāga (1994-1954 BC), (2) Kākavarņa or Śakavarņa (1954-1918 BC),
(3) Kśemadhanvā (1918-1892 BC), (4) Kśatrauja (1892-1852 BC), (5) Vidhisāra
(Bimbisāra) or Śreņika (1852-1814 BC), (6) Ajātaśatru (1814-1787 BC), (7)
Darśaka (1787-1752 BC), (8) Udāyi (1752-1719 BC), (9) Nandivardhana (17191677 BC), (10) Mahānandi (1677-1634 BC). In this period Siddhārtha, son of
Śuddhodana became Buddha, who was incarnation of māyā and moha, not of
Vişņu (Vişņu purāņa 4/23 etc). He was 5 years younger to Bimbisāra and died in
8th year of Ajātaśatru’s rule in 1806 BC. Udāyi in 4 year of his rule established
Pāţaliputra on confluence of Son and Gangā (Vāyu purāņa 119/318).
Ten kings of this dynasty ruled for 360 years.
4. Nanda vamśa- Mahā-Padma-Nanda was the son of last Śiśunāga king
Mahānandi by his śūdrā wife. After death of his father he became king 1500
years (more accurately 1534 years after birth of Parīkśita in 3138 BC) stated in
all purāņas as a landmark of history. He won most of India by exterminating all
kśatriya kings like second Paraśurāma. (Vişņu purāņa 4/24/104, Bhāgavata
purāņa 12/1/10). He ruled for 88 years followed by 8 sons for 12 years (Matsya
purāņa 270/20, 273/23)-a total of 100 years from 1634 to 1534 BC.
5. Maurya vamśa-Kauţilya Chāņakya destyoed and made Chandragupta as
king. His family belonged to Murā town (in Sambalpur of Orissa, now submerged
in Hirakud reservoir) which was center of iron ore called mura (murrum). So the
family was called Maurya. 12 Maurya kings ruled for a total of 316 years
(Kaliyuga Rāja Vŗttānta 3/2, Matsya purāņa 270/32, Vāyu purāņa etc.)- (1)
Chandragupta (1534-1500 BC), (2) Bindusāra (1500-1472 BC), (3) Aśoka (14721436 BC), (4) Supārśva (Suyaśa, or Kuņāla)- (1436-1428 BC), (5) Daśaratha
Harşavardhana (1350-1342 BC), (8) Sangata (1342-1333 BC), (9) Śāliśūka (13331320 BC), (10) Soma (Deva-) śarmā (1320-1313 BC), (11) Śatadhanvā (13131305), (12) Bŗhadratha (Bŗhadaśva)-(1305-1218 BC).
6.Śunga-Vamśa-10 Śunga kings ruled for 300 years (Kaliyuga Rāja Vŗttānta,
Matsya, Vāyu purāņa).
(1) Puśyamitra (1218-1158 BC), (2) Agnimitra (1158-1108 BC), (3) Vasumitra
(1108-1072 BC), (4) Sujyeşţha (1072-1055 BC), (5) Bhadraka (1055-1025 BC), (6)
Pulindaka (1025-992 BC), (7) Ghoşavasu (992-989 BC), (8) Vajramitra (989-960
BC), (9) Bhāgavata (960-928 BC), (10) Devabhūti (928-918 BC).
7. Kaņva-Vamśa-4 Kaņva kings ruled for 85 years ((Vişņu purāņa 4/24/39-42
(1) Vāsudeva (918-879 BC), (2) Bhūmimitra (879-855 BC), (3) Nārāyaņa (855-843
BC), (4) Suśarmā (843-833 BC).
8.Āndhra-Vamśa-33 Āndhra kings ruled for 506 years. During that rule,
saptarşi-cycle of 2700 years started in time of kingYudhişţhira (saptarşi in
Maghā from 3176 BC)-(Matsya purāņa chapter 270 etc.). Detailed list is in
Kaliyuga Rāja Vŗttānta, list in other purāņas miss some names.
(1) Śimukha (Sindhuka or Sumukha)-(833-810 BC), (2) Śrīkŗşņa Śātakarņī (810792 BC), (3) Śrīmalla Śātakarņī (792-782 BC), (4) Pūrņotsanga (782-764 BC)-In
his time Kalinga king Khārāvela became independent from Magadha which was
suffering under attack from west Asia. He repaired Prāchī canal in 5th year of his
rule (Prāchī inscription) which was 803 (Tri-vasu-śata ) years after coronation of
Nanda (1634 BC), thus his rule started in 1634-(803-4) = 835 BC. (5) Śrī
Śātakarņī (764-708 BC), (6) Skandha-stambin (Śrīvasvanī)-(708-690 BC), (7)
Lambodara (690-672 BC), (8) Āpilaka (672-660 BC), (9) Megha-Svāti (660-642
BC), (10) Śāta-Svāti (642-624 BC), (11) Skanda-Svāti (624-617 BC), (12)
Mŗgendra-Svāti-Karņa (617-614 BC), (13) Kuntala (614-606 BC), (14) Saumya
(606-594 BC), (15) Śata-Svāti-Karņa (594-593 BC), (16) Pulomāvi-1 (593-557 BC),
(17) Megha (557-519 BC), (18) Arişţa (519-494 BC), (19) Hāla (494-489 BC)author of Gāthā-sapta-śatī, contemporary of Śankarāchārya. (20) Maņɖalaka
(489-484 BC), (21) Purandara-Sena (484-463 BC)- saptarşi-cycle completed in
476 BC in his period.
(22) Sundara- Śātakarņī (463-462 BC), (23) Chakra-Vāsişţhī-Putra and Mahendra
(462-461 BC), (24) Śiva-1 (461-433 BC),(25) Gautamī-Putra-Śātakarņī (433-408
BC), (26) Pulomāvi-2 (408-376 BC), (27) Śiva-2 (376-369 BC), (28) Śivakoņɖā
( 369-362 BC), (29) Yajñaśrī (362-343 BC), (30) Vijayaśrī (343-337 BC), (31)
Chandraśrī (337-334 BC), (32) Pulomāvi-3 (334-327 BC)-He was a child son of
Chandraśrī whose queen had links with commander Chandragupta who killed the
king and kept his infant son as namesake king. His father Ghaţotkacha-Gupta
was commander to 2 kings-(30) Vijayaśrī and (31) Chandraśrī.
Chandragupta killed the son also and became the king himself.
9. Gupta-Vamśa-They have been called Āndhra-bhŗtya also, as they were
serving as commander under them (Matsya purāņa 273/17). Their place is called
Śrī-Parvata which should be Śrī-śailam of Andhra Pradesh as the kings were from
that area, not of Nepal as surmised. At start of this rule, Alexander attacked India
in 326 BC. His historians have mentioned last kings of Āndhra and first 2 kings of
Gupta clan as well as strength of army of Āndhra kings. Names as mentioned by
Megasthenes are-Ghaţotkacha (Ghaţa = head, Utkacha = remover of hairs) barber,
Chandraśrī. (Chandra-Bīja)—Agrammas (Xandrammas)-31st. Āndhra king
Chandragupta-2 was famous as conqueror or Amitrocchedas (= wiping out
Gupta kings adopted titles of earlier great kings of Maurya period-Chandragupta1-Vijayāditya. Samudragupta-Aśokāditya, Chandragupta-2-Vikramāditya. This
was only a title. Famous Paramāra king of Ujjain of this name was later on.
Śrīgupta was father of Ghaţotkacha or himself named as such due to bald
head. His son Chandragupta-1 (327-320 BC) became first independent king. His
first son Kacha (320 BC) was removed shortly due to his cowardice and
Samudragupta (Aśokāditya (320-269 BC) took over. His elder son Rāmagupta
offered his wfe to Śaka invader, so his wife married younger brother
Chandragupta-2 (Vikramāditya) who killed invader and ruled in (269-233 BC). His
son Kumāragupta-1 (233-191 BC) and then Skandagupta (191-175 BC) ruled. He
died Issueless. His brother Puragupta ruled as guardian of Budhagupta followed
byVainyagupta (175-174 BC), Kumāragupta-2 (174-172 BC), Budhagupta (172166 BC) of same generation. Then Narasimhagupta (Bālāditya-1)- (166-126 BC)
maintained some prestige and it declined with Kumāragupta-3 (126-85 BC),
ending with Vişņugupta (85-82 BC).
4. Deliberate falsehoods-William Jones as Judge supervised brutal torture
and killing of 10 million Indians in 1770 (called Bengal famine) for revenue
collection was also the pioneer in distortion and fabrication of Indian History.
Tortures and murders have been classified by Bankim Chandra in his book
Ananda-matha and can be seen in British reports alsohttp://www.cambridgeforecast.org/MIDDLEEAST/BENGAL.html
Summary of distortions is quoted fromhttp://www.encyclopediaofauthentichinduism.org/index.html
Sir William Jones, 1784 (from Asiatic Researches Vol. 1. Published 1979,
pages 234-235. First published 1788).
“As to the general extension of our pure faith in Hindustan there are at present
many sad obstacles to it… We may assure ourselves, that… Hindus will never be
converted by any mission from the church of Rome, or from any other church;
and the only human mode, perhaps, of causing so great a revolution, will be to
translate into Sanscrit… such chapters of the Prophets, particularly of ISAIAH, as
are indisputably evangelical, together with one of the gospels, and a plain
prefatory discourse, containing full evidence of the very distant ages, in which
the predictions themselves, and the history of the Divine Person (Jesus)
predicted, were severally made public; and then quietly to disperse the work
among the well-educated natives.”
By the first act they wanted to degrade the Hindu religion by all means and
to show that the Hindu religion is no better than the religion of Greeks and
ancient Romans. They also wanted to prove their imagined greatness of
Christianity so that they could impose their superiority upon us.
By the second act they wanted to prove that they also had equal rights to
live in India like the Hindus as both have come from outside.
If we look to their doings, during the period they ruled India, with this angle
of view, everything becomes crystal clear.
A brief review of how was it executed.
1784 • In January 1784, the Asiatic Society of Bengal was established in
Calcutta under the patronage of Warren Hastings and Sir William Jones was
appointed its President. Its main purpose was to find ways of how to accomplish
their secret aims mentioned above. Its literary works were published in the name
of “Asiatic Researches.”
1784 • Towards the end of 1784 Jones produced his first essay (described
above) which was the first most important work of the Asiatic Researches.
1786 • On 2nd February 1786, Jones, in his Presidential speech, produced his
new fabricated theory of some unknown protolanguage that was designed to
disprove the authenticity and the first originality of the Sanskrit language, and to
create a ground for fabricating another theory of Aryan invasion.
1793 • Jones in his 10th Presidential speech discredits our entire history as
described in the Puranas and places Chandragupt Maurya as the contemporary
of Alexander by falsely telling that he was no other than Sandracottus of 312 BC.
1816 • Jones died in 1794 but in 8 years he could not produce the full thesis
of his created theory of some unknown protolanguage. Another co-worker of the
Asiatic Researches group of people, Franz Bopp (see pp.180-181) worked hard
for his whole life and then produced his first work in 1816 and the detailed work
around 1852 to substantiate the ideology of Proto-Indo-European language which
Jones had created.
1828 • All the articles of the Asiatic Researches including the writings of its
secretary Mr. Wilson (1828) were purposely designed to be extremely derogatory
and produced falsified descriptions of Hindu religion and history.
1828 • In 1828 an atheistic society, contemplating the personality of God,
called the Brahmo Samaj, was formed in Calcutta. Its founder and co-worker
received great appreciation by the British and were heartily welcomed in
England and were praised by Max Müller and other writers of that group.
1847 • Max Müller was appointed by the East India Company to wrongly
translate the theme of the Vedas and construct a wrong history of India. He was
highly paid for this job. (Max Müller’s letters themselves reveal this secret.)
1866 • In 1866, a professor of Calcutta Sanskrit College, Pandit Taranath,
was given a lot of money on a contract basis to compile the largest Sanskrit
dictionary and to wrongly interpret certain Vedic words to suit the derogatory
theory which the British had fabricated against the Vedic religion.
1922 • F.E. Pargiter, retired I.C.S. (Indian Civil Service) Calcutta, was appointed
to write the wrong history of India. All the history writers of that period (like
Smith, Keith etc.) were also assigned to write the wrong history of India,
squeezing it into the frame of their fictitious story of Aryans coming to
F. E. Pargiter (1852-1927).I.C.S. (Indian Civil Service), High Court Judge, Calcutta.
Retired 1906, Vice President of the Asiatic Society, London.
Pargiter writes that:
“Ancient Indian Historical Tradition.”
The whole of the Sanskrit literature has no historical works. (Chapter 1,
Aryans established themselves in India through long warfare. (1/3)
Vedic literature does not give any information who compiled them… No
trust can be placed in the Vedic literature as regards any matter which the
brahmans found. (1/9,10)
The original brahmans were not so much priests… they were wizards…
These statements of yugas and manvantar are generally worthless for
chronological purposes. (15/178)
Chandragupt began to reign in or about 322 BC. He was preceded by the
Nine Nandas… The reign of Nandas would be 80 years. (15/179)
From the Bharat battle to the Mahapadm (Nand) there were 37 Magadh
kings… the total of all of their reigns (according to Puran) is (940 + 138 +
330) = 1,408 years. These figures cannot be relied upon. (These figures
according to the Bhagwatam are 1,000 + 138 + 360 = 1,498 years.)
The reign of Mahapadm (Nand) began in 402 BC (322 + 80) by
overthrowing the last king of Shishunag dynasty.
From the 7th king of Brihadrath dynasty and up to the last king of
Shishunag dynasty, the reigning period was 448 years; and from the 1st to
6th king of Brihadrath dynasty (the first dynasty after Mahabharat war), the
reigning period was 100 years.
Thus (402 + 448 + 100) 950 BC is the date of Mahabharat battle. (15/179
“The Purana Text of the Dynasties of the Kali Age.”
The Puranas were originally in prakrit (local) language. What we have now
is the Sanskritized version of older prakrit shlokas.
The Bhavishya Puran existed in the 3rd century AD and Matsya Puran
borrowed what the Bhavishya contained before the Gupt era (320 AD). Then
Vayu, Brahmand and Vishnu Puran were compiled accordingly.
The brahmans fabricated the passages, and the later readers of the
Puranas further fabricated the details of the text.
The brahmans converted prakrit words of the Puranas into Sanskrit and
substituted future tense for past tenses… and altered them to the form of a
prophecy uttered by Ved Vyas. (Intro/10 to 27)
Thus, it is evident that the writings of F. E. Pargiter were also the
exploitations of British diplomacy.
5. False quoting of Greeks-Megasthenes had come at start of Gupta period
which was known to Vincent Smith (Early History of India, page 206) and R.C.
Mazumdar (Ancient India, page 138) also who have quoted him to give strength
of army of Andhra kings. This is possible only when he had come in period of
Gupta who were Andhra-bhritya (i.e. servants of Andhra kings at capital Patna).
In Period of Ashoka, his 13th pillar inscription is clear that Andhra was a
subordinate state. In all web-sites of Andhra Pradesh, it is quoted for glory of
Andhra, but for general history, they all revert back to Megasthenes in Maurya
period. Sri Mazumdar omitted this reference in his later 3 volume book in
collaboration with K.K. Dutta and H.C. Raychaudhuri. For this obedience to
Oxford by telling falsehood, he was made general editor of 12 volume history by
Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan. Some links(1) www.bihar.cc/index.php?article=an-article-on-patna –
9k- Sri R,C. Mazumdar in his ancient India (page 138) has written that Pliny has
quoted Megasthenese for giving strength of Army of Andhra kings. ...
(2) The early history of India By Vincent A. Smith Page 206http://books.google.com/books?id=
4L06APb3uDEAw&sa= X&oi= book_result&ct=result&resnum=5
(4) http://www.aponline.gov.in/quick%20links/hist-cult/history.htmlMegasthenese, who visited the Court of Chandragupta Maurya (B.C.322--297),
mentioned that Andhra country had 30 fortified towns and an army of 1,00,000
infantry, 2,000 cavalry and 1,000 elephants. Ashoka referred in his 13th rock
edict that Andhras were his subordinates.
Extracts from Megasthenes: Quotes from Indika is from the websitehttp://projectsouthasia.sdstate.edu/docs/history/primarydocs/ForeignViews/Greek
(37.) India,… Owing to this, their country has never been conquered by any
(38.) It is said that India, being of enormous size when taken as
a whole, is peopled by races both numerous and diverse, of which not even one
was originally of foreign descent, but all were evidently indigenous; and
moreover that India neither received a colony from abroad, nor sent out a colony
to any other nation.
(39.) Herakles also was born among them…. He was the founder, also, of no
small number of cities, the most renowned and greatest of which he called
FRAGM. LVI. Plin. Hist. Nat. VI. 21. 8-23. 11. List of the Indian Races.
(22.) …The river Jomanes flows through the Palibothri into the Ganges between
the towns Methora and Carisobora
BOOK IV. FRAGM. XLVI. Strab. XV. I 6-8,--pp. 686-688.
6. But what just reliance …….Its people, he says, never sent an expedition
abroad, nor was their country ever invaded and conquered except by Herakles
and Dionysos in old times, and by the Makedonians in our own…. Herakles
among the Greeks, carried his arms to the Pillars
FRAGM. L. C. Plin. Hist. Nat.VI. xxi. 4-5. Of the Ancient History of the Indians.
For the Indians stand almost alone among the nations in never having
migrated from their own country. From the days of Father Bacchus to Alexander
the Great, their kings are reckoned at 154, whose reigns extend over 6451 years
and 3 months.
Solin. 52. 5.-- Father Bacchus was the first who invaded India, and was the first of
all who triumphed over the vanquished Indians. From him to Alexander the Great
6451 years are reckoned with 3 months additional, the calculation being made
by counting the, kings who reigned in the intermediate period, to the number of
22. Same as (38) above.
Ancient India as described by Arrianhttp://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Indica.html
[Excerpted from Arrian, "The Indica" in Anabasis of Alexander, together with the
Indica, E. J. Chinnock, tr. (London: Bohn, 1893), ch. 1-16]
From Dionysus to Sandracottus the Indians reckoned 153 kings, and 6,042 years.
During all these years they only twice asserted their freedom; the first time they
enjoyed it for 300 years, and the second for 120. They say that Dionysus was
earlier than Heracles by fifteen generations, and that no other ever invaded India
for war, not even Cyrus, the son of Cambyses, though he marched against the
Scythians, and in other matters was the most meddlesome of the kings of Asia.
However they admit that Alexander came and overcame in battle all the nations
whom he visited, and that he would have conquered them all if his army had
been willing. But none of the Indians ever marched out of their own country for
war, being actuated by a respect for justice.
6. Kalinga war and Buddha-There was another Aśoka in Gonanda-vamśa
(43rd king) in (1448-1400 BC) who had become Bauddha due to which Bauddhas
from central Asia destroyed the kingdom. After that his son Jalauka (14001344BC) chased away bauddhas and re-established Chāturvarṇya (Vedic path).
The place where bauddhas and their west Asian associates were routed was
called Ujjhaṭaḍīmba (= uprooting the seed).
(राजतरिणीङ्गिणी, तरङ्गि १)प्रपौत्रः शकुनेस्तस्य भूपतेः प्रिणीपतृव्यजः। अथावहदशोकाख्यः सत्यसन्धो वसुन्धराम्॥१०१॥
यः शान्तवृिजनो राजा प्रपन्नो िजनशासनम्। शुष्कलेत्र िणीवतस्तात्रौ तस्तारस्तूपमण्डलैः॥१०२॥
म्लेच्छै ः संछािणीदते देशे स तदितयु च्छतये नृपः।१०७। सोऽथभूभृज्जलौकोऽभूद ् भूलोकसुरनायकः।१०८।
स रुद्ध वसुधान् म्लेच्छान् िणीनवार्वास्याखर्वर्वा िणीवक्रमः।११५।
ते यत्रोज्झटिणीटितास्तेन म्लेच्छाश्छािणीदत मण्डलाः। स्थानमुज्झटटििणीडम्बं तज्ज्नैरद्यािणीप गद्यते।११६।
िजत्वोवी ं कान्यकुब्जाद्यां तत्त्रत्यं स न्यवेशयत्। चातुवर्वाण्यर िणीनजे देशे धम्यारश्च व्यवहािरणः।११७॥
Many of the inscriptions in name of Aśoka are by him. No inscription including
one at Dhauli mentions that had become Buddhist.
Inscription at Kalsi near Dehradun gives names of 4 kings who were won by
Aśoka-Tulamaya, Antikina, Maka, Allikasudala. One of them must be the king of
Kalinga, won in 8th year of his rule. That is Alekha-sundara of Kalinga. Alakha
name is all over India, but Alekha is only in Orissa because lokapāla of east was
Indra who was called Lekharṣabha for starting Deva-nāgarī script (Mārkaṇḍeya
purāṇa chapter 103, Taittirīya samhitā 6/4/7, Maitrāyaṇī samhitā, 4/5/8). He
cannot be equated with any king of Alexandria, as it was never a part of India or
under Aśoka. The town itself did not exist in 1450 BC.
Only mention of Aśoka is in Bauddha text Divyāvadāna (chapter Aśokāvadāna)
that Aśoka was a good Bauddha because he had killed 12,000 Jaina monks on
victory over Kalinga. This is too high a figure for a normal war. There is no basis
of figure of 1,50,000 killed, 350,000 injured and 550, 000 arrested. This exceeds
the population of the then Kalinga and more than current strength of Indian
army. Alexander Army was only 120,000 with 20,000 horses, which was afraid of
Magadha army of 600,000. Only possibility may be that Jainas might be powerful
in Kalinga administration which was lost after war. This falsehood was created by
Vincent Smith in 1893 to counter 35 lakh murders by Ravenshaw who has
become father figure of Oriya nationalism in tradition of British slavery. Another
fallacy is spread that Magadha empire was destroyed due to adoption of nonviolence by Aśoka. Actually, non-violence is feature of Yoga-sūtra and more
stressed in Jainism. Rather, Bauddha themselves including Siddhārtha Buddha
himself were strongly opposed to vegetarian food even for Bhikśus. It is
surprising as to how Buddha was moved by sacrifice of animals in yajña, which is
for food, not for God. He expelled Devadatta for recommending vegetarian food
for Bhikśus (extract from link below). Due to excess meat eating, Siddhārtha
Buddha was operated by Jīvaka who strongly prohibited further meat eating. But
he took it when a disciple offered it at Sarnath and he expired (Buddha-Charita of
Devadatta requested the Buddha to make it compulsory for monks to follow five
(i) Dwell all their lives in the forest
(ii) Live only on alms obtained by begging
(iii) Wear robes made from rags collected from the dust heaps and cemeteries
(iv) Live at the foot of trees
(v) Refrain from eating fish or meat throughout their lives.
Maurya kings were never against Brāhmaņs, minister of Last king Puśyamitra
was himself a Brāhmaņa who killed king and became king himself.
7. An Example of Purāṇa forgery-Long passages have been changed in
matter of reignal years and times. All verses of Viṣṇu purāṇa have become prose
due to such removal, only list of kings remains-
िणीवष्णु पुराण अंश ४, अध्याय -२१अतःपरं भिणीवष्यानहं भूपालान्कीर्तर्वािणीयष्यािणीम।१। योऽयंसाम्प्रतमवनीपिणीतः परीिणीक्षित्तस्यािणीप जनमेजय-श्रुतसेनो-ग्रसेनभीमसेनाश्चत्वारः पुत्राः भिणीवष्यितयन्त।२। जनमेजयस्यािणीप शतानीको भिणीवष्यिणीत।३।
योऽसौयाग्यवल्क्याद्वेदमधीत्यकृपादस्त्राण्यवाप्य िणीवषमिणीवषयिणीवरक्तचिणीचत्तवृित्तश्च शौनकोपदेशादात्मज्ञानप्रवीणः परं
शतानीकादश्वमेधदत्तो भिणीवता।५। तस्मादप्यिधसीमकृष्णः।६। अिधसीमकृष्णािणीन्नचक्षिुः।७। यो गङ्गिायपहते हितयस्तनापुरे
कौशाम्ब्यां िणीनवत्स्यिणीत।८। तस्याप्युष्णः पुत्रो भिणीवता।९। उष्णािणीद्विणीचत्ररथः।१०। ततः शुिणीचरथः।११। तस्माद्
वृितयष्णमांस्ततस्सुषेणस्तस्यािणीप सुनीथस्सुनीथान्नृपचक्षिुस्तस्मादिणीप सुखर्ावलस्तस्य च पािरप्लवस्ततश्च सुनयस्तस्यािणीप
मेधावी।१२। मेधािणीवनो िरपुञ्जयस्ततो मृदस्ु तस्माच्च िणीतग्मस्तस्मादृहद्रथो बृहद्रथाद्वसुदानः।१३। ततोऽपरश्शतानीकः।१४।
तस्माच्चोदयन उदयनादहीनस्ततश्च दण्डपािणीणस्ततो िणीनरिणीमत्रः।१५। तस्माच्च क्षिेमकः।१६। अत्रायं श्लोकः।१७।
ब्रह्मक्षित्रस्य यो योिणीनवरशो राजिणीषर्वासत्कृतः। क्षिेमकं प्राप्य राजानं संस्थानं प्राप्स्यते कलौ।१८।
अध्याय २२-अतश्चेक्ष्वाकवो भिणीवष्याः पािथर्वा वाः कथ्यन्ते।१। बृहदलस्य पुत्रो बृहत्क्षिणः।२। तस्मादरु
वत्सव्यूहस्ततश्च प्रिणीतव्योमस्तस्मादिणीप िणीदवाकरः।३। तस्मात्सहदेवः सहदेवादृहदश्वस्तत्सूनुभार्वानुरथस्तस्य च
प्रतीताश्वस्तस्यािणीप सुप्रतीकस्ततश्च मरुदेवस्ततः सुनक्षित्रस्तस्माितयत्कन्नरः।४।
िणीकन्नरादन्तिरक्षिस्तस्मात्सुपणर्वा स्ततश्चािणीमत्रिजत्।५। ततश्च बृहद्राजस्तस्यािणीप धमी धिणीमर्वाणः कृतञ्जयः।६।
कृतञ्जयाद्रणञ्जयः।७। रणञ्जयात्सञ्जयस्तस्माच्छाक्यश्शाक्याच्छुद्धोदनस्तस्माद्राहु लस्ततः प्रसेनिजत्।८। ततश्च
क्षिुद्रकस्ततश्च कुण्डकस्तस्मादिणीप सुरथः।९। तत्पुत्रश्च सुिणीमत्रः।१०। इत्येते चेक्ष्वाकयो बृहदलान्वयाः।११। अत्रानुवंश
श्लोकः।१२। इक्ष्वाकूणामयं वंशस्सुिणीमत्रान्तो भिणीवष्यिणीत। यतस्तं प्राप्य राजानं संस्थां प्राप्स्यिणीत वै कलौ।१३।
अध्याय २३-मागधानां बाहर्वा द्रथानां भािणीवनामनुक्रमं कथिणीयष्यािणीम।१। अत्र िणीह वंशे महाबल-पराक्रमा जरासन्धप्रधाना
बभूवुः।२। जरासन्धस्य पुत्रः सहदेवः।३। सहदेवात्सोमािणीपस्तस्य श्रुतश्रवास्तस्याप्ययुतायुस्ततश्च
िणीनरिणीमत्रस्तत्तनय्स्सुनेत्रस्तस्मादिणीप बृहत्कमार्वा।४। ततश्च सेनिजत्ततश्च श्रूतञ्जयस्ततो िणीवप्रस्तस्य च पुत्रश्शुिणीचनामा
भिणीवष्यिणीत।५। तस्यािणीप क्षिेम्यस्ततश्च सुव्रतस्सुव्रताद्धमर्वा स्ततस्सुश्रवाः।६। ततो दृढसेनः।७। तस्मात्सुबलः।८।
सुबलात्सुनीतो भिणीवता।९। तस्यािणीप िरपुञ्जयः।१०। तस्मािणीद्वश्विजत्।११। तस्यािणीप िरपुञ्जयः।१२।इत्येते बाहर्वा द्रथा भूपतयो
वषर्वा सहस्रमेकं भिणीवष्यितयन्त।१३।
अध्याय २४-योऽयं िरपुञ्जयो नाम बाहर्वा द्रथोऽन्त्यस्तस्यामात्यो सुिणीनको नाम भिणीवष्यिणीत।१। स चैनं स्वािणीमनं हत्वा स्वपुत्रं
प्रद्योतनामानमिणीभषेक्ष्यिणीत।२। तस्यािणीप बलाकनामा पुत्रो भिणीवता।३। ततश्च िणीवशाखर्यूपः।४। तत्पुत्रो जनकः।५। तस्य च
नितयन्दवद्धर्वानः।६। ततो नन्दी।७। इत्येतेऽष्टत्रिणीत्रंशदत्त
ु रमब्दशतं पञ्च प्रद्योताः पृिथवीं भोक्ष्यितयन्त।८।
ततश्च िणीशशुनाभः।९। तत्पुत्रः काकवणो भिणीवता।१०। तस्य च पुत्रः क्षिेमधमार्वा।११। तस्यािणीप क्षित्रौजाः।१२। तत्पुत्रो
िणीविधसारः।१३। ततश्चाजातशत्रुः।१४। तस्मादभर्वा कः।१५। तस्माच्चोदयनः।१६। तस्मादिणीप नितयन्दवद्धर्वानः।१७। ततो
महानन्दी।१९। इत्येते शैसनाभा भूपालास्त्रीिणीण वषर्वा शतािणीन िणीद्वषष्ट्यधिधकािणीन भिणीवष्यितयन्त।१९।
महानितयन्दस्ततश्शूद्रागभोद्भवोऽिणीतलुब्द्जोऽिणीतबलो महापद्मनामा नन्दः परशुराम इवापरोऽिखर्लक्षित्रान्तकारी भिणीवष्यिणीत।२०।
ततः प्रभृिणीत शूद्रा भूपाला भिणीवष्यितयन्त।२१। स चैकच्छत्रामनुल्लङ्घिणीङ्घितशासनो महापद्मःपृिथवीं भोक्ष्यते।२२। तस्याप्यष्टत्रौ
सुतास्सुमाल्याद्या भिणीवतारः।२३। तस्य महापद्मस्यानु पृिथवीं भोक्ष्यितयन्त।२४। महापद्मपुत्राश्चैकं वषर्वा शतमवनीपतयो
भिणीवष्यितयन्त।२५। ततश्च नव चैतान्नन्दान् कौिणीटिल्यो ब्राह्मणस्समुद्धिरष्यिणीत।२६। तेषामभावे मौयार्वाः पृिथवीं भोक्ष्यितयन्त।२७।
कौिणीटिल्य एव चन्द्रगुप्तमुत्पन्नं राज्येभ्षेक्ष्यिणीत।२९।
ु ारो भिणीवष्यिणीत।२९। त्स्याप्यशोकवढर्वा नस्ततस्सुयशास्ततश्च दशरथ्स्ततश्च
ु स्ततश्शािलशूकस्तस्मात्सोमशमार्वा तस्यािणीपसोमशमर्वा णश्शतधन्वा।३०। तस्यािणीप बृहद्रथनामा भिणीवता।३१। एवमेते
मौय्यार्वा दश भूपतयो भिणीवष्यितयन्त अब्दशतं सप्तिणीत्रंशदत्त
ु रम्।३२ तेषामन्ते पृिथवीं दश शुङ्गिा भोक्ष्यितयन्त।३३।
पुण्यिणीमत्रस्सेनापिणीतस्स्वािणीमनं हत्वा राज्यं किरष्यिणीत तस्यात्मजोऽिणीग्निमिणीमत्रः।३४। तस्मात्सुज्येष्टत्रस्ततो
वसुिणीमत्रस्तस्मादप्युदङ्कस्ततः पुिलन्दकस्ततो घ्होषवसुस्तस्मादिणीप वज्रमिणीमत्रस्ततो भागवतः।३५। तस्माद्देअभूिणीतः।३६।
इत्येते शुङ्गिा द्वादशोत्तरं वषर्वा शतं पृिथवीं भोक्ष्यितयन्त।३७।
ततः काण्वानेषा भूयार्वास्यिणीत।३८। देवभूिणीतं तु शुङ्गिराजानं व्य्सिणीननं तस्यैवामात्यझट् काण्वो वसुदेवनामा तं िणीनहत्य
स्वयमवनीं भोक्ष्यिणीत।३९। तस्य पुत्रो भूिणीमत्रस्तस्यािणीप नारायणः।४०। एतेकाण्वा यनश्चत्वारः पञ्चचत्वािरंशद्वषार्वािणीण
In Brahmāṇḍa purāṇa, some kings have been excluded and periods have been
reduced to match Pargiter’s chronologyब्रह्माण्ड पुराण मध्य भाग, (३) उपोद्धात पाद, अध्याय ७४जरासन्धस्य ये वंशे सहदेवान्वये नृपाः। अतीता वत्तर्वामानाश्च भिणीवष्याश्च तथा पुनः।१०८।
प्राधान्यतः प्रवक्ष्यािणीम गदतो मे िणीनबोधत। संग्रामे भारते तितयस्मन्सहदेवो िणीनपािणीततः।१०९।
सोमािणीपस्तस्य तनयो राजिणीषर्वाः स िणीगिरव्रजे। पञ्चाशतं तथाऽष्टत्रौ च समा राज्यमकारयत्।११०।
श्रुतश्रवाः सप्तषिणीष्टत्रः समास्तस्य सुतोऽभवत्। अयुतायुस्तु षितयड्वंशद्राज्यं वषार्वाण्यकारयत्।१११।
समाः िणीनरिणीमत्रो महीं भुक्त्वा िणीदवं गतः। पञ्चाशतं समाः षटि् च सुक्षित्रः प्राप्तवान्महीम्।११२।
ं द् बृहत्कमार्वा राज्यं वषार्वाण्यकारयत्। सेनािजत् साम्प्रतं चािणीप एता वै भोक्ष्यते समाः।११३।
श्रुतञ्जयस्तु वषार्वािणीण चत्वािरंशद् भिणीवष्यिणीत। िरपुञ्जयो महाबाहु मर्वाहाबुिणीद्ध पराक्रमः।११४।
ं त् तु वषार्वािणीण महीं पालिणीयता नृपः। अष्टत्रपञ्चाशतं चाब्दान्राज्ये स्थास्यिणीत वै शुिणीचः।११५।
ं त् समाःपूणार्वाः क्षिेमो राजा भिणीवष्यिणीत। सुव्रतस्तु चतुःषिणीष्टत्रं राज्यं प्राप्स्यिणीत वीयर्वा वान्।११६।
पञ्चवषार्वािणीण पूणार्वािणीन धमर्वा नेत्रो भिणीवष्यिणीत। भोक्षिते नृपिणीतश्चेमा अष्टत्रपञ्चाशतं समाः।११७।
ं त् समा राष्टत्ररं सुश्रमस्य भिणीवष्यिणीत। चत्वािरंशद्दशाष्टत्रौ च दृढसेनो भिणीवष्यिणीत।११८।
त्रयिस्त्रंशत्तु वषार्वािणीण सुमिणीतः प्राप्स्यते ततः। चत्वािरंशत् समा राजा सुनेत्रो भोक्ष्यते ततः।११९।
सत्यिजत् पृिथवीं राष्टत्ररं त्र्यशीिणीतं भोक्ष्यते समाः। प्राप्येमं िणीवश्विजच्चािणीप पञ्चिणीवंशद् भिणीवष्यिणीत।१२०।
अिरञ्जयस्तु वषार्वाणां पञ्चाशत् प्राप्यते महीम्। द्वािणीवंशच्च नृपा ह्येते भिणीवतारो बृहद्रथाः।१२१।
पूणर वषर्वा सहस्रं वै तेषां राज्यं भिणीवष्यिणीत। बृहद्रथेष्वतीतेषु वीरहन्तृष्ववित्तर्वाषु।१२२।
शुनकः स्वािणीमनं हत्वा पुत्रं समिणीभषेक्ष्यिणीत। िणीमषतां क्षििणीत्रयाणां िणीह प्रद्योिणीतं नृपिणीतं बलात्।१२३।
स वै प्रणत सामन्तो भिणीवष्येन प्रवित्तर्वातः। त्रयोिणीवश
ं त् समा राजा भिणीवता स नरोत्तमः।१२४।
चतुिणीवरशत् समा राजा पालको भिणीवता ततः।िणीवशाखर्यूपो भिणीवता नृपः पञ्चाशतं समाः।१२५।
एकिणीवंशत् समा राज्यमजकस्य भिणीवष्यिणीत। भिणीवष्यिणीत समा िणीवश
ं त् सुतो नितयन्दवद्धर्वानः।१२६।
ं त् शतं भाव्या प्राद्योताः पञ्च ते नृपाः।हत्वा तेषां यशः कृत्स्नं िणीशशुनागो भिणीवष्यिणीत।१२७।
वाराणस्यां सुतस्तस्य संयास्यिणीत िणीगिरव्रजम्। िणीशशुनागश्च वषार्वािणीण चत्वािरंशद् भिणीवष्यिणीत।१२८।
काकवणर्वा ः सुतस्तस्य षटि् िणीत्रश
ं च्च भिणीवष्यिणीत। ततस्तु िणीवश
ं िणीतं राजा क्षिेमधमार्वा भिणीवष्यिणीत।१२९।
चत्वािरंशत्समा राष्टत्ररं क्षित्रौजाः प्राप्स्यसे ततः। अष्टत्रिणीत्रश
ं त्समा राजा िणीविधसारो भिणीवष्यिणीत।१३०।
ं त्समा नृपः। पञ्चिणीत्रश
ं त्समा राजा दभर्वा कस्तु भिणीवष्यिणीत।१३१।
उदयी भिणीवता तस्मात्त्रयिस्त्रंशत्समा नृपः। स वै पुरवरं राजा पृिथव्यां कुसुमाह्वयम्।१३२।
गङ्गिाया दिणीक्षिणे कूले चतुथेऽिणीह्नि किरष्यिणीत। चत्वािरंशत् समा भाव्यो राजा वै नितयन्दवद्धर्वानः।१३३।
चत्वािरंशत् त्रयश्चैव महानितयन्दभर्वा िणीवष्यिणीत। भिणीवष्यितयन्त च वषार्वािणीण षष्ट्यधुत्तरशतत्रयम्।१३४।
ै े राजानः क्षित्रबन्धवः। एतैः साद्धर भिणीवषयितयन्त तावत्कालं नृपाः परे।१३५।
ऐक्ष्वाकवश्चतुिणीवरशत्पञ्चालाः पञ्चिणीवंशिणीतः। कालकास्तु चतुिणीवरशच्चतुिणीवरशत्तु हैहयाः।१३६।
ं देकिलङ्गिास्तु पञ्चिणीवंशत्तथा शकाः। कुरवश्चािणीप षटि् िणीत्रश
ं िणीत मैिथलाः।१३७।
ं िणीतः। तुल्यकालं भिणीवष्यितयन्त सवर्वा एव महीिणीक्षितः।१३८।
महानितयन्द सुतश्चािणीप शूद्रायाः कालसंवृतः। उत्पत्स्यते महापद्मः सवर्वा क्षित्रान्तकृन्नृपः।१३९।
ततः प्रभृिणीत राजानो भिणीवष्याः शूद्रयोनयः। एकराटि् स महापद्म एकच्छत्रो भिणीवष्यिणीत।१४०।
अष्टत्राशीिणीत तु वषार्वािणीण पृिथवीं पालिणीयष्यिणीत। सवर्वा क्षित्रं समुद्धत्ृ य भािणीवनोऽथर्वा स्य वै बलात्।१४१।
तत्पश्चात्तत्सुताह्यष्टत्रौ समा द्वादश ते नृपाः। महापद्मस्य पयार्वाये भिणीवष्यितयन्त नृपाः क्रमात्।१४२।
उद्धिरष्यिणीत तान् सवार्वान् कौिणीटिल्यो वै िणीद्वजषर्वा भः। भुक्त्वा महीं वषर्वा शतं नरेन्द्रः स भिणीवष्यिणीत।१४३।
चन्द्रगुप्तं नृपं राज्य्र् कौिणीटिल्यः स्थापिणीयष्यिणीत। चतुिणीवरशत्समा राजा चन्द्रगुप्तो भिणीवष्यिणीत।१४४।
भिणीवता भद्रसारस्तु पञ्चिणीवश
ं त्समा नृपः। षड् िणीत्रश
ं त्तु समा राजा अशोकानां च तृिणीप्तदः।१४५।
तस्य पुत्रःकुलालस्तु वषार्वाण्यष्टत्रौ भिणीवष्यिणीत। कुशाल्सूनुरष्टत्रौ च भोक्तचा वै बन्धुपािलतः।१४६।
बन्धुपािलत दायादो भिणीवताचेन्द्रपािलतः। भिणीवता सप्तवषार्वािणीण देववमार्वा नरािधपः।१४७।
राजा शतधनुश्चािणीप तस्य पुत्रो भिणीवष्यिणीत। बृहद्रथश्च वषार्वािणीण सप्त वै भिणीवता नृपः।१४८।
इत्येते नव मौयार्वा वै भोक्ष्यितयन्त च वसुन्धराम्। सप्तिणीत्रंशच्छतं पूणर तेभ्यः शुङ्गिो गिणीमष्यिणीत।१४९।
पुष्यिणीमत्रस्तु सेनानीरुद्धत्ृ य तु बृहद्रथम्। कारिणीयष्यिणीत वै राज्यं समाः षिणीष्टत्रं स चैव तु।१५०।
अिणीग्निमिणीमत्रो नृपश्चाष्टत्रौ भिणीवष्यिणीत समा नृपः। भिणीवता चािणीप सुज्येष्ठः सप्त वषार्वािणीण वै ततः।१५१।
वसुिणीमत्रस्ततो भाव्यो दशवषार्वािणीण पािथर्वा वः। ततो भद्रः समे द्वे तु भिणीवष्यिणीत नृपश वै।१५२।
भिणीवष्यिणीत समास्तस्माित्तस्र एव पुिलन्दकः। राजा घोषस्ततश्चािणीप वषार्वािणीण भिणीवता त्रयः।१५३।
सप्त वै वज्रमिणीमत्रस्तु समा राजा ततः पुनः। द्वािणीत्रश
ं द्भिणीवता वाऽिणीप समा भागवतो नृपः।१५४।
भिणीवष्यिणीत सुतस्तस्य देवभूिणीमः समा दश। दशैते शुङ्गि राजानो भोक्ष्यन्तीमां वसुन्धराम्।१५५।
शतं पूणर दशद्वे च तेभ्यःकण्वं गिणीमष्यिणीत। अमात्यो वसुदेवस्तु बाल्याद् व्यसिणीननं नृपम्।१५६।
देवभूिणीमं ततो हत्वा शुङ्गिेषु भिणीवता नृपः। भिणीवष्यिणीत समा राजा पञ्च कन्वायनस्तु सः।१५७।
भूिणीमिणीमत्रः सुतस्तस्य चतुिणीवरशद् भिणीवष्यिणीत। भिणीवता द्वादश् समास्तस्मान्नारायणो नृपः।१५८।
सुशमार्वा तत्सुतश्चािणीप भिणीवष्यिणीत चतुः समाः। कण्वायनस्तु चत्वारश्चत्वािरंशच्च पञ्च च।१५९।
महानन्दािणीभषेकान्त जन्म यावत्परीिणीक्षितः। एतद् वषर्वा सहस्रं तु ज्ञेयं पञ्चशतोत्तरम्।२२७।
प्रमाणं वै तथा वक्तचंु महापद्मोत्तरं च यत्। अन्तरं च शतान्यष्तौ षटि् िणीत्रश
ं च्च समाः स्मृताः।२२८।
एतत् कालान्तरं भाव्यमान्ध्रान्ताद्याः प्रकीर्िणीतर्वाताः। भिणीवष्यैस्तत्र संख्याताः पुराणज्ञैः श्रुतिणीषर्वािणीभः।२२९॥
सप्तषर्वा यस्तदा प्राप्ताः िणीपत्र्ये पारीिणीक्षिते सतम्। सप्तिणीवंशैः शतैभार्वाव्या अन्ध्राणां तेऽन्वया पुनः।२३०।
सप्तिणीवंशिणीत पयर्वा न्ते कृत्स्ने नक्षित्रमण्डले। सप्तषर्वा यस्तु िणीतष्ठन्ते पयार्वायेन शतं शतम्।२३१।
The years of each king has been reduced suitably by Pargiter to match his
reduced chronology. E.g. Maurya from 316 years to 137 years and number of
kings reduced from 12 to 9 (verse 149) He did not understand or cared for
saptarṣi era and missed the total number of years given later- Verse 227 tells
1500 (1504) years from Parīkśita to Mahāpadmananda. This number has been
reduced to 1050 which is obviously false as Bārhadratha vamśa itself ruled for
1000 (1006) years followed by Pradyotas for 138 and Śiśunāga for 360 before
Nanda as given in details. It also indicates that a cycle of Saptarṣi years of 2700
years was completed from Parīkśita to end last part of Āndhra kings (3042 BC2700 = 342 BC) after which Gupta rule started in 327 BC. Pargiter and William
Jones missed Kaliyuga Rāja Vṛttānta-a subsidiary of Bhavishya purāṇa. That has
given complete chronology.
Similar manipulation was done in Matsya purāṇa whose original version tallies
with that. Original copies available with Narayana Sastry were destroyed later
T.S. Narayana Sastry writes:- "Fortunately in my library (T.S.Narayana Sastry's
Library), I possess a manuscript copy of Matsya Purana in Grantha Character,
which gives a complete list of the Maurya kings with years of individual reigns
and I give the same below:चतुिस्त्रंशत् समा राजा चन्द्रगुप्तो भिणीवष्यिणीत। अष्टत्रािणीवंशिणीत वषार्वािणीण भद्रसारस्तु तत् सुतः।२४।
ं त्तु महाराजो भिणीवताऽशोक एव च। तस्य पुनः कुनालस्तु वषार्वाण्यष्टत्रौ भिणीवष्यिणीत।२५।
कुनालसूनुरष्टत्रौ च भोक्तचा दशरथस्ततः। सप्तानां दशवषार्वािणीण तत्सुतश्चेन्द्रपािलतः।२६।
भिणीवता चाऽष्टत्रवषार्वािणीण तत्सुतो हषर्वा वधर्वा नः। भिणीवता नववषार्वािणीण तस्य पुत्रस्तु सम्मतः।२७।
त्रयोदश िणीह वषार्वािणीण शािलशूको भिणीवष्यिणीत। भिणीवता सप्तवषार्वािणीण सोमशमार्वा नरािधपः।२८।
भिणीवता शतधन्वा तु नववषार्वािणीण तत्सुतः। बृहद्रथस्तु वषार्वािणीण तस्य प्त्रोऽथ सप्तिणीतः।२९।
इत्येते दश च द्वे च ये भोक्ष्यितयन्त वसुन्धराम्। शतािणीन त्रीिणीण वषार्वािणीण तेभ्यः शृङ्गिान् गिणीमष्यिणीत।३०।
This version of Matsya purana tolerably agrees with that given in the manuscript
copy of the Kaliyuga Raja Vrittanta, in my library which also I add below for easy
referenceचन्द्रगुप्तस्ततो मौयर्वा श्चाणक्येनाऽिणीभरिणीक्षितः। चतुिस्त्रंशत् समा राज्यं किरष्यिणीत सुधािणीमर्वाकः॥
ं िणीत सहस्रािणीण िणीवन्दस
ं स्तु ततो राजा भिणीवताऽशोकवधर्वा नः॥
ु ारो भिणीवष्यिणीत। षटि् िणीत्रश
सुपाश्वर्वा स्तत्सुतश्चाऽथ वषार्वाण्यष्टत्रौ भिणीवष्यिणीत। अष्टत्रौ वषार्वािणीण तत्पुत्रो भोक्तचा वै बन्धुपािलतः।।
बन्धुपािलतदायादो सप्तिणीतं चेन्द्रपािलतः। भिणीवता नववषार्वािणीण तस्य पुत्रस्तु संगतः॥
त्रयोदश समा राज्यं शािलशूकः किरष्यिणीत। भिणीवता सप्तवषार्वािणीण देवधमार्वा नरषर्वा भः॥
ततः शतधनू राजा भिणीवताऽष्टत्रौ समा भुिणीव। बॄहद्रथस्तु तत्पुत्रो जरासन्ध इवाऽपरः॥
क्षििणीत्रयानिखर्लान् िजत्वा महाराजो भिणीवष्यिणीत। अष्टत्राशीिणीतं तु वषार्वािणीण स राष्टत्रर ं पालिणीयष्यिणीत॥
द्वादशैते नृपा मौयार्वा श्चन्द्रगुप्तादयो महीं। शतािणीन त्रीिणीण भोक्ष्यितयन्त दशषटि् च समा कलौ॥ (भाग ३, अध्याय २)
Vide "Age of Sankara”, part IB, Appendix I, page 56ff)
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