You are on page 1of 4

JINDAL STEEL & POWER LIMITED, ANGUL QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE DOCUMENT No.

: SOP-ENI-1-05 ISSUE No.: 01 PAGE: 1 of 4 SUBJECT: SOP FOR ISOLATION & MAINTENANCE OF POWER TRANSFORMER

AMENDMENT RECORD SHEET

Sl. No. 1

Page No. All Pages

Old -

Issue/ Revision Number Date New Date 0 25.02.2012

Summary of Change New SOP for Isolation & Maintenance of Power Transformer issued

Prepared by: Reviewed by: Revision No.: 0

Approved by: Issued by: Effective Date: 25.02.2012

JINDAL STEEL & POWER LIMITED, ANGUL QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE DOCUMENT No.: SOP-ENI-1-05 ISSUE No.: 01 PAGE: 2 of 4 SUBJECT: SOP FOR ISOLATION & MAINTENANCE OF POWER TRANSFORMER 1.0 Objective: This procedure is used as work instruction for Electrician, Electrical

Engineer, Desk Engineer, Shift In charge.


2.0 Scope: This procedure explains the isolation & maintenance of power transformer.

3.0 Key Performance Indicators: 4.0 Responsibility: Electrician under supervision of Engineers 5.0 Procedure: 5.1 ISOLATION PROCEDURE Ensure breaker is OFF Ensure SF6 pressure indicator is not in Red Zone in case of SF6 Circuit Breakers. Open the Isolator form switch yard & connect to ground by earthing switch.

5.2 EARTH SWITCH OPERATION PROCEDURE Ensure bus is completely dead. Make the ground from line isolator. Discharge & make the grounded near Transformer from High voltage side by earthing rod or by closing earth switch as per the procedure provided by transformer manual from manufacturer.

Prepared by: Reviewed by: Revision No.: 0

Approved by: Issued by: Effective Date: 25.02.2012

JINDAL STEEL & POWER LIMITED, ANGUL QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE DOCUMENT No.: SOP-ENI-1-05 ISSUE No.: 01 PAGE: 3 of 4 SUBJECT: SOP FOR ISOLATION & MAINTENANCE OF POWER TRANSFORMER

5.3 ROUTINE CHECKS 5.3.a For Dry Type Transformer Ensure that all tools and tackles are available at work site before starting the job. Check the ambient temperature of transformer compartment and ensure the temperature rise is reasonable. Check the winding temperature and ensure it is within the limit of operation Check for cracks and dirt deposits on Bushings Check for lubricant bearing, gear box and control interlocks of cooler fan if available. Check the tap changer driving mechanism for lubricate bearings, gear box and examine contacts. Check measurement of winding PI value and compare with the Test report given at the time of commissioning or installation. Check the ventilators for air passage. They should be dust free. Earth resistance check for the earthing installed both body earthing and neutral earthing. Check all the gasketed joints, bolts and nuts in order to avoid uneven pressure. Check the winding and enclosure surfaces for dust accumulation. Check the Transformer (VPI) type for humidity as they may absorb humidity. Check Cable boxes for sealing arrangements for filling holes. Check Surge Diverter and gaps for cracks and dirt deposits. Check and examine the entire relay and alarm contacts and their operation fuses along with the relay and fuse accuracy. Check the Calibration of temperature indication of WTI. Check & tighten the SEF & REF CT. Measure IR value & winding resistance of transformer and record Perform & check the Tan delta & dissipation factor of bushing and winding. Remove the earthling from switchyard. Transformer charged on no-load Check paint work done.

Prepared by: Reviewed by: Revision No.: 0

Approved by: Issued by: Effective Date: 25.02.2012

JINDAL STEEL & POWER LIMITED, ANGUL QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE DOCUMENT No.: SOP-ENI-1-05 ISSUE No.: 01 PAGE: 4 of 4 SUBJECT: SOP FOR ISOLATION & MAINTENANCE OF POWER TRANSFORMER

5.3.a For Oil Type Transformer Ensure that all tools and tackles are available at work site before starting the job. Cleaning of transformer. Record & calibrate the winding and oil temperatures from local gauge. Inspect for proper cooling of transformer & check the all fans. Check for proper earthing of transformers. Measure Pit Resistance and Pour water into the grounding pipe if required. Check oil level in conservator tank and record Check color of silica gel and record Check relief vents diaphragm for any cracks. Replace, if found broken Inspect all the bushings for any cracks and dirt deposited and clean by dry compressed. Check BDV [Break Down withstand Voltage] of transformer oil and record Check transformer oil for acidity and sludge. Filter or replace, if needed Check all gasket joints and tighten the bolts evenly to avoid undue pressure. Tighten all the cable connection in marshalling box. Check the operation of various protective devices [OTI, WTI, Buchholz Relay etc.] Check the floats and switches of buchholz relay, OTI & WTI. Apply 3 phase , 3 wire 415 V from LV/HV side measure the magnetizing current simultaneously.. Check & tighten the SEF & REF CT. Measure IR value & winding resistance of transformer and record Perform & check the Tan delta & dissipation factor of bushing and winding. Remove the earthling from switchyard. Transformer charged on no-load. Painting of transformer if required.

6.0 RECORDS: Nil

Prepared by: Reviewed by: Revision No.: 0

Approved by: Issued by: Effective Date: 25.02.2012