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7/28/2009

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
DataStorage
Computerstorage isthevarietyofwaysacomputersystemcan store(save)dataandinformation.Storedinformation includes spreadsheets,documents, graphics, software,drivers,oranyofthe hundreds offiletypesusedbyacomputer. Therearetwomaintypesofstorage;primarystorage and secondarystorage.Primarystoragecanbeanalogized aswhata useriscurrentlyworkingonandsecondary storageiswherethe userstorestheirworkwhentheyarefinished.

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
DataStorage
RandomAccessMemory (RAM)isprimarystoragethatis temporary andvolatile.RAMisatypeofstoragethatallowsstored datatobeaccessedinanyorderwithoutphysical movementofthe storagemediaordevice. Secondarystorage isnonvolatile whichmeansitretainsitsdata andinformation evenafterthecomputersystemisturned off. Secondarystoragememoryisnotdirectlyaccessibletothecentral processingunit(CPU)ofthecomputersoitneedstomakeuseof input/output channels.

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
OnesandZeros
Microcomputersystemsarebinary.Binarymeanssomethingis madeupoftwoparts,andinthiscase,eithera1ora0.Whena userinputs dataorinformation intoacomputersystem,regardless ofcontent, itisalwaysconverted intoonesandzerossothe computercanworkwithit. Onesandzerosarereferredtoasbits.Wheneightbitsare combined,theybecomeabyte.Bytescanthenbeusedto representcharacters likethealphabet ornumbers. Physicalstorage media represent onesandzeroswithpositiveornegative electromagneticcharges.Anegative charge representsazero(bit), andapositivechargerepresents aone(bit).

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

7/28/2009

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
OnesandZeros
Tosavetheonesandzeros,thesystemneedstobeabletorecord, orwrite themontheappropriate media,whichinturnneedstobe accessed,orread forfutureuse.Themostcommonwaytoread andwritetodigitalmediaisontoaspinning magneticdiskwitha read/writedevice,sothebitsandbyteswillsticktoit. Likearecord,atrack isaconcentric circularband around thedisk thatisdivided intopieshaped wedges called sectors.Morethan onesectorcomprisesacluster.Tokeeptrackoftheelectromagnetic chargesonthedisk,theoperating systemrecordsaseparatetable. MicrosoftWindowscallsthistableaFileAllocationTable (FAT)that servesasatableofcontents forthedisk,sotheread/writehead knowswheretostoreoraccessdata.

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
CharacteristicsofStorageMedia
Inbusiness, themostimportantaspectsofdataandinformation storagearestoragecharacteristics.Whatsortofdevice(s)is appropriate,howmuchdatacanithold,howlongdoesittaketo writetothedevice,andhowlongdoesittaketoreadthedevice? Itisnecessarytounderstand whatsortofstoragemedia isavailable andwhatitdoes.Importantconsiderations arethecapacity of storagemedia,howmuchinformation itwillholdandaccesstime.

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
CharacteristicsofStorageMedia
Media
FloppyDisk HardDiskDrive FlashMemory/USBFlash CompactDisc DVD(DigitalVersatileDisc)" BluRayDisc(BD) Magnetictape InternetDrive MassStorage

Capacity
1.44Mg. 40GB 400GB 256Mg 32GB 600MB 1GB 15GB 30GB 25GB 50GB Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

7/28/2009

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
BusinessStorageStrategies
Inbusiness, organizations needtocarefullyconsider whereand whentostoretheirdataandinformation.
BusinessStorageStrategyConcerns Capacity p y Howmuchdataandinformationcanithold? Accesstime Howlongdoesittaketorestoredata? Advancesintechnology Isthisthe besttechnology? Security Ismydataandinformationsecurefromoutsidesources? Cost Howmuchdoesit costtostoreandretrievedata? DisasterRecovery Whathappens inthecaseofdisaster?

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
DataArchiving&BackupStrategies
Businessescannotaffordtolosecriticaldata,likefinancial statements.Anynumber offactorscangointodataloss,like computerviruses,naturaldisasters,andhumanerror. Archiving g iswhendatathatisnolonger g usedonadaily ybasisis storedelectronically, butmayneedtobeaccessedatafuture date. Databackup referstomakingcopiesofdata,orcomputerfilesthat canberestoredintheeventthattheoriginalfilesarelost. Businessesmustcomeupwitharchiving andbackup plans,or strategiestoavoidcriticaldataloss.

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
DataArchiving&BackupStrategies
Inbusiness, organizations needtocarefullyconsider whereand whentostoretheirdataandinformation.
DataArchiving&BackupStrategy Concerns Cost Whatdoesitcosttostore andrecoverdata? Location Wheredoesthedataresidephysically? Typeofdata Whatkindofinformationisit? Timeavailable Howlongdoesittaketorecoverdata? Howoften Howoftendocertaintypesoffilesneed tobebackedup? Datasecurity Whohasaccess tothedata?

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

7/28/2009

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
Track&Sectors

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
PrimaryStorage(RAM)

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology

Black&WhiteBusiness Computing2010 Chapter4 StoringData&Information ComputerInformationSystems105

StoringData&Information
SecondaryStorage(HardDrive)

ArizonaStateUniversity W.P.CareySchoolofBusiness ComputerApplications&InformationTechnology