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Review for Grade 9 Math Exam - Unit 6 - Linear Equations and Inequalities

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Solve: a. 46 3 2. Solve: a. 19 3 3. Solve: a. 1.2 c. 2

b. 9

d. 2

____

b. 3

c. 3

d.

19 3

____

b. 0.4

c. 5.7

d. 0.9

____

4. Solve: a. 39 b. 2 c. 63 d. 33

____

____

6. Solve: a. 7 3

b. 6

c. 1

d. 4

____

____

8. Solve: a. x = 3

b.

c.

d. x = 3

____

9. Solve: a. 3 q = 3 7

b.

q=

7 24

c.

q=

7 24

d.

q=3

3 7

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5

ii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 t

iii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 t

iv)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 t

a. Graph ii

b. Graph iii

c. Graph iv

d. Graph i

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 c

ii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 c

iii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 c

iv)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 c

a. Graph i

b. Graph ii

c. Graph iv

d. Graph iii ?

____ 12. Which of these graphs represent the solution of the inequality i)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 q

ii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 q

iii)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 q

iv)

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 q

a. Graph ii

b. Graph iv

c. Graph iii

d. Graph i

b.

c.

d.

b.

c.

d.

____ 15. An equipment rental company charges a flat rate of $25, plus $13 per day for insurance. Kyle has $121. Write an inequality to represent the number of days, d, for which he can rent equipment. a. c. b. d.

Short Answer 16. Here is a students solution for this question: Solve:

17. A student solved this equation: 4(3w - 6) = 3 - 6w 12w - 6 = -3w 12w - 6 + 6 = -3w + 6 12w = -3w + 6 12w - (-3w) = -3w + 6 - (-3w) 15w = 6 w= Identify any errors the student made, and then solve the original equation above.

18. Solve:

19. Car Rental Company A charges $29 a week, plus $13 per kilometre driven. Car Rental Company B charges $85 a week, plus $6 per kilometre driven. Determine the distance you must drive for the two rental costs to be the same. Model the problem with an equation.

20. Solve:

22. A games room charges a $13 entrance fee, plus $2.35 per hour of play time. Anne-Marie has $29.45. For how long can she play in the games room? a) Choose a variable and write an inequality for this problem. b) Solve the inequality.

23. The cost to rent a banquet hall is $500, plus $35 per person. A companys social committee has $4700 to put towards renting a banquet hall. How many people could attend the function if they rented the banquet hall? a) Choose a variable and write an inequality to solve the problem. b) Solve the inequality.

26. A cell phone company offers two different plans. Plan A: Monthly fee of $28, plus $0.38 per minute Plan B: Monthly fee of $22, plus $0.46 per minute a) Write an equation to determine the time in minutes that results in the same monthly cost for both plans. b) Solve the equation. c) Verify the solution.

28. Company A charges $17, plus $11 per day to rent a piece of equipment. Company B charges $33, plus $9 per day to rent the same piece of equipment. a) How many days must the piece of equipment be rented for the cost to be the same at both companies? b) How many days must the piece of equipment be rented for Company B to be less expensive?

Review for Grade 9 Math Exam - Unit 6 - Linear Equations and Inequalities Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: REF: TOP: 2. ANS: REF: TOP: 3. ANS: REF: TOP: 4. ANS: REF: TOP: 5. ANS: REF: TOP: 6. ANS: REF: TOP: 7. ANS: REF: TOP: KEY: 8. ANS: REF: TOP: 9. ANS: REF: TOP: 10. ANS: REF: TOP: 11. ANS: REF: TOP: 12. ANS: REF: LOC: KEY: 13. ANS: REF: LOC: KEY: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Conceptual Understanding C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Conceptual Understanding | Procedural Knowledge D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge D PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.3 Introduction to Linear Inequalities LOC: 9.PR4 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Conceptual Understanding B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.3 Introduction to Linear Inequalities LOC: 9.PR4 Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.4 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Addition and Subtraction 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.4 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Addition and Subtraction 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge

14. ANS: REF: LOC: KEY: 15. ANS: REF: LOC: KEY:

C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge

SHORT ANSWER 16. ANS: Error: If the student is going to divide by 3 first, each term must be divided by 3. Alternatively, the student could subtract 5 from each side first, then divide each side by 3. PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge | Communication 17. ANS: Errors: The student forgot to multiply by 6 when using the distributive property. 3 - 6w is not equal to -3w. Correct solution: 4(3w - 6) = 3 - 6w 12w - 24 = 3 - 6w 12w - 24 + 24 = 3 - 6w +24 12w = -6w +27 12w - (-6w) = -6w + 27 - (-6w) 18w = 27 w= or 1 or 1 or 1.5

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge | Communication

18. ANS: 4 x=2 7 PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge 19. ANS: Let d represent the distance driven. PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge 20. ANS: PTS: REF: LOC: KEY: 21. ANS: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.4 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Addition and Subtraction 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division LOC: 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge 22. ANS: a) Let h represent the number of hours of play time. b) h 7 PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division LOC: 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge 23. ANS: a) Let p represent the number of people. b) PTS: REF: LOC: KEY: 1 DIF: Moderate 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge

PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 6.1 Solving Equations by Using Inverse Operations LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge 25. ANS:

So, p =

2 , or 5 . 3

PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Procedural Knowledge

b)

The monthly costs for both plans are the same at 75 min. c) Verify: Substitute Left side into the original equation. Right side

PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult REF: 6.2 Solving Equations by Using Balance Strategies LOC: 9.PR3 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) KEY: Problem-Solving Skills | Communication 27. ANS: Multiply each side of the inequality by 12.

1 DIF: Difficult 6.4 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Addition and Subtraction 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Procedural Knowledge

28. ANS: a) Let d represent the number of days to rent the piece of equipment.

The piece of equipment must be rented for 8 days for the cost to be the same at both companies. b) Let d represent the number of days to rent the piece of equipment.

The piece of equipment must be rented for 9 or more days for Company B to be less expensive. PTS: REF: LOC: KEY: 1 DIF: Difficult 6.5 Solving Linear Inequalities by Using Multiplication and Division 9.PR4 TOP: Patterns and Relations (Variables and Equations) Problem-Solving Skills | Communication

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