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091 Fall Term 2012

Test No. 2

Name:_______________________________________________________________________ Recitation Number:____________________________________________________________ A complete test consists of 6 questions. Write your answers on these pages. State your assumptions and show calculations that support your conclusions. RESOURCES PERMITTED: PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS, TABLE OF CONSTANTS, AN AID SHEET (ONE PAGE 8" 11"), AND A CALCULATOR. NO BOOKS OR OTHER NOTES ALLOWED. USE OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN.
Check your recitation instructor and recitation time below Recitation instructor Time

Problem 1 Problem 2 Problem 3 Problem 4 Problem 5 Problem 6 TOTAL

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Problem 1 a) Indicate and label the following planes: get full credit. , , . You must label the axes to

b) Calculate the planar packing fraction (fractional area occupied by atoms) of the (110) plane of cerium at 300K. Do not use the atomic radii on the periodic chart.

Problem 2 a) The rate of a reaction increases by a factor of 3 when the temperature is raised from 300 K to 310 K. What is the activation energy?

b) The following reaction has a reaction rate law that is second order with respect to reactant A and zero order with respect to reactant B. The initial concentration of A is 0.1 M and the initial concentration of B is 0.05 M. The rate constant is lt/(mole-s).

Estimate the time required for the concentration of A to fall to half its initial value. Secondly, estimate the time required for the concentration of A to reach 0.25 times its initial value.

Problem 3 a) Estimate the wavelength of Fe K radiation.

b) Determine the angles ( ) at which Mo K radiation(0.07073 nm) will generate first order diffraction from {220} and {221} planes of Au.

Problem 4 a) The following properties are known for ethyl alcohol (CH3CH2OH) and ether (CH3OCH3). Briefly explain the difference in properties between the two compounds and make specific reference to the chemical and structure factors that contribute to the difference. CH3CH2OH -115 C 78 C 11.3 kcal/mole CH3OCH3 -141 C -25 C 6.3 kcal/mole

Melting point Boiling point Molar energy of vaporization from solid

b) Arrange these compounds in order of decreasing boiling points; GeH4, SiCl4, SiH4, CH4, GeCl4. Please explain your reasoning for full credit.

Problem 5 a) Draw the molecular orbital energy diagram for NO.

b) What is the bond order of NO?

c) Place in order of increasing bond length; O2, N2, NO. Explain.

d) Do you expect NO to be relatively easy to ionize? Explain.

Problem 6 Germanium (in single crystal form) is found to contain 0.0007 at% (atomic percent) of Ga as a dopant element. Ge has a band gap of 0.7 eV a) Draw a schematic of the energy band structure for this material. Indicate all relevant electronic features.

b) What kind of conductor is this at room temperature?

c) Determine the majority carrier concentration at room temperature.

Problem 6 (cont.) d) Determine the majority carrier concentration at 800 C.