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Study Questions 2012 1. Using the studies presented by Prof Don Bailey detail what do we know about the effects of increased loading or physical activity on bone? 2. Explain the relationship between physical activity and bone mineral accrual in growing children 3. Explain the mechanism/s whereby caffeine is believed to influence exercise performance 4. By discussing the buffering of hydrogen ions by bicarbonate discuss the production of CO2 above the anaerobic threshold. 5. Describe the Athlete Heart 6. Explain the physiological mechanism that explains how ischemia leads to ECG disturbances 7. Explain the role of the autonomic nervous system in regulating heart rate recovery 8. Describe the proposed mechanism that explains how beta alanine supplementation can improve exercise performance 9. Discuss the mechanisms involved in the effects of high intensity exercise training on skeletal muscle in athletes 10. Discuss the use of lactate minimum to estimate maximal lactate steady state 11. Discuss the evidence linking muscle strength with the development and progression of chronic diseases. 12. You are asked to write an article for a health magazine entitled Fitness vs Fatness write the article. 13. Discuss the evidence regarding the effects of exercise intensity on diabetes status. 14. You are asked to write an article for a health magazine entitled Benefits of High Intensity Training write the article. 15. Describe the method used to measure capillary blood flow in skeletal muscle 16. Explain why a randomised controlled trial evaluating the effects of exercise in individuals with acquired brain injury has yet to be performed 17. Discuss how myocardial and microvascular dysfunction may represent two distinct mechanisms contributing to exercise intolerance in T2DM 18. Discuss the impact that abdominal strength has on wheelchair propulsion 19. Discuss the differences between the effects of physical activity and fitness on health 20. Explain mitohormesis in the context of exercise and antioxidants