Knitwear Production Planning Spreading Spreading is a sophisticated method of material handling, it adds nothing to the garment being manufactured

, yet in conventional cutting rooms it is the technological bottleneck. It is important to study ; - requirements of the spreading process - methods of spreading - nature of fabric packages. Requirements of the spreading process Spreading must achieve number of specific objectives; Shade sorting of clothing pieces Lays commonly required more than one roll of cloth to achieve enough plies in total , those rolls may include several colours, Correct ply direction and adequate lay stability; These two fuctions must be considered together as the opportunities for achieving them are related. They depend on fabric types, pattern shape, and the spreading equiplent that is available. Alignment of plies; Every ply should comprise at least the length and width of the marker plan, but should have minimum extra outside those margins. Correct ply tension If the plies are spread with too slack a tension the will lie in ridges with irregular fullness. If plies are spread in a tension, after cutting the garment components may shrink. Elimination of fabric faults Fabric faults (flaws, holes, stains, etc.) may be identified by the fabric suppliers, and additional faults may e detected during examination of fabric before spreading the fabric . Avoid distortion of spread Spreading are required to lay up the fabric tension free, so that the garment pieces do not shrinks in unpredictable way during cutting.

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Methods of spreading The method of spreading the industry uses are as follows;

2010

Spreading

Knitwear Production Planning spreading by hand It is a time consuming method, usually require an operator at ach side of the table Spreading by a traveling machine. Spreading machine carry the piece of fabric from end o end of the spread, dispersing one ply at a time. Maximum fabric width can be handled normally is 2meters, there are special m/c s which can handle 3meters are available. The advent of microprocessor control has enabled development of more automatic functions on spreading machines.

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Nature of fabric packages. open fabric - rolled Tubular fabric – rolled and plaited Folded fabric – rolled and plaited Velvet – hanging

Open fabric - rolled Most fabrics are supplied in roll form , usually of 15 to 20 cm in diameter. Tubular fabric – rolled and plaited The fabric width is that required to fit the weavers body. Folded fabric – rolled and plaited This is traditional with woollen and woollen blend fabrics used in tailored garments and also in the width-wise slit knitted fabrics Velvet - hanging Velvet / Velour are wound on special frames to prevent the piles becoming crushed.

2010

Spreading

Knitwear Production Planning CUTTING The objective of cutting:The objective of cutting is to separate parts of replicas of the pattern pieces in the Marker plan. Precision of cut Clean edges Support of the lay Consistent cutting Method of cutting - hand shears - Straight Knife - Round Knife - Computer-controlled cutting knifes - Die cutting - Laser cutting - Plasma cutting - Water jet cutting - Ultrasonic cutting Other activities - Notching of blocks - Drill and thread marking - Shade separation - Indication of the right side of fabric - work ticketing of bundles.

2010

Spreading

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