This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Using non-literary sources, including interpreting basic statistics Plus: Exercise on marking exam answers and essays – 1
Working with Numbers and Charts
‘Statistics without Tears: An Introduction for Non-Mathematicians’ by Derek Rowntree. Also Michael Blastland and Andrew Dilnot, ‘The Tiger that Isn’t: Seeing Through a World of Numbers’. Also chapter eight of Northedge.
‘Application of Number’ a key skill identified by UK government and employers as essential to participation in a modern society: “interpreting information involving numbers, carrying out calculations, interpreting results and presenting findings”.
So might changes with respect to the elderly to the extent that they get greater domestic support at home or are more likely to enter care homes. The decline in the amount of time devoted to sleep. that could be due to biological reasons or simply that less of them. of course). However. The reduced time spent on housecare is also suggestive of a culture with increasing distractions. One could be improved technology (all those Dysons out there). While women sleep for slightly longer. Having a window of only five years suggests some trends but cannot confirm them. The decline in attention to personal care is particularly surprising in a culture which puts increased emphasis on appearance for both men and women. its greatest use – because of the large sample size – is in giving us a snapshot of how people allocate their time at a given historical point.(National Statistics (2006). get their washing and ironing outsourced. Another could be increasing affluence. one in which people are increasingly inclined to burn the candle at both ends in order to fit in a wider variety of activities. The increased time spent on social life. to eating and to personal care are suggestive of a more restless culture. This may hint at an increasingly divided culture. etc. Young people taking longer to leave home and others going back home may reduce the numbers who take part in any housework. with many older people missing out on 3 . ‘The Time Use Survey 2005’. there remains a strong gender difference with regard to housework. allowing more people to pay for cleaners. contrasts with the lower numbers engaged in such social life. the lower numbers responding to this question (see the percentages of those undertaking the activity) may also be important. We would need data over a longer time period in order to do that. will have employment that requires early rising (unless they have babies. Some of the differences between men and women in this respect are also worthy of comment. the increased amount of time spent ‘resting’ perhaps compensates for the lack of sleep. with women undertaking far more than men. 17) The first thing to say about the Time Use study is that it has historical limitations. While it shows some useful developments that are worth commenting on. across both genders. As expected. on average. However. there could be a variety of explanations for this phenomenon. That said. London: ONS.
We have become a more sedentary culture. more distractions. For many people. though only over a short period. Whether it amounts to a better life is for the philosophers and psychologists to comment on. there is a notable contrast in the figures between the rise in time spent socialising and in hobbies and games and the decline in engagement with sports and other outdoor activities. more demands. greater wealth. Correlation may not be causation but we only have so many hours in the day so it would be surprising if there was no link. With respect to television. the concept of the ‘annual’ holiday that their parents took them on is now alien. given the amount of reading that takes place on the internet we should not simply assume that we are less informed as a result. these figures are suggestive of a society and culture with more going on. All-in-all. the increasing levels of inequality. However. The decline in reading is also not surprising. However. for example. The consequences in terms of the waistlines of the population at large are all around us. more activities. People such as Richard Layard. with TV being augmented by the internet and video-games. confirming a long downward trend. the figures on travel.socialising at the same time as younger people are engaged in more of it. 4 . It is also worth noting that these figures do not reveal one of the more striking features of social and cultural life in recent decades. This confirms a long-standing sense of entertainment becoming an increasingly homebased activity. are also indicative of a culture that is becoming increasingly wealthy and so seeks more ways of spending that wealth. the lesser time spent on it by women only has to be compared to the greater time they spend on housework for us to see the most likely explanation. Finally.