This course is a survey of the history of architecture, painting and sculpture of Europe from the Renaissance to the present. It also covers the North American art that is based on European aesthetic traditions. The course will provide an introduction to the basic concepts that are needed for the analysis and appreciation of the visual arts. We will discuss how art is made and what meaning it has while examining individual objects in relation to the societies that made them. This subject matter will be covered in lectures, films and readings.

Jennifer Ann Barrows Office phone: 954-5590 email: Office hours: (held in 416 Shima) Monday: 12:15to 1:30 p.m. Wednesday: 12:15 to 1:30 p.m. Friday: 12:00 to 1:00 p.m. Online office hours: Thursday 12:00 noon to 1:30 p.m.

CLASS MEETINGS: Classes constitute 52 minutes of each hour. Late arrival and early departure
may result in missed quizzes and thus affect your grade.

TEXT: Schneider Adams, Laurie. Art Across Time, vol. 2. 3rd ed. New York: Mc-Graw Hill, 2006. GRADING: Use this chart to keep track of your grade. Record your grades for the exams and
papers when you receive them. This is the best way to keep track of your progress in the class. The overall grading scale is 90≥ A, 80-89 B, 70-79 C, 60-69 D and ≤59 F. Students are expected to attend class regularly. There will be at least 13 quizzes on lecture material. The quizzes will not be announced and cannot be made up. For each quiz you answer correctly record one point. (Keep track of quiz answers and dates on “possible questions” list on page 6.) Exam 1 _____________/15 pts. Exam 2 _____________/20 pts. Exam 3 _____________/20 pts. Formal Analysis (p. 4) _____________/10 pts. Scholarly Article Report (p. 7) _____________/10 pts. Contextualization _____________/15 pts. Quizzes (p. 10) _____________/8 pts. Homework _____________/2 pts.



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A notebook of useful materials (RES N5300.B377 1999) and a copy of the text are on reserve at Goleman library. Handouts will also be posted on docushare. If you don’t get a handout in class, check docushare. The web address is Click on the Faculty link, which will bring up a list of faculty. Click on “Barrows, Jennifer” and then open the Art 1B folder. Check your delta college email on a regular basis. I will post reminders there as well as try to inform you of any class cancellations. The easiest way to do well in a lecture-based class is to come to class, take notes, read the material assigned and do the work assigned. I also recommend making study guides and writing papers as early as possible. It is your responsibility to withdraw from the class. The deadline to do so without receiving a W is February 6th, 2009 14, 2007. To drop with a W, do so by April 22, 2007. It is your responsibility to inform me of any personal difficulties, health problems or learning disabilities that may affect your classroom behavior, attendance or class work. Any excuses (i.e. for missed exams or late work) must be supported by physical documentation. All written assignments must be turned in via (See page 13). You are permitted a maximum of one make-up exam during the semester. THERE ARE NO “do-over” exams. I do NOT drop an exam grade. No work will be accepted after April 30th. No make-up exams will be proctored after May 1st . The college has an Educational Code that has severe penalties for Academic Dishonesty. It is your responsibility to familiarize yourself with the Educational code. See page 11. I regularly report plagiarists and ask that any second offenders be expelled from the college. Any behavior that disrupts the class lectures or discussions will result in your removal from that day’s lecture. This includes, but is not limited to extended discussions with your neighbor, note passing, general restlessness or ANY cell phone use (text messaging is cell phone use!) CELL PHONES (and similar communication devices) MUST BE TURNED OFF before the lecture begins. If there is a grave situation that requires your cell phone be on during lecture, inform the instructor and a dispensation might be granted. During exams, hoods and any headgear with a bill and must be removed. Inform the instructor if there is a reason you can not comply with this rule. Late Assignments are docked one point per day late. On-time assignments will be returned within eight class meetings of due date. Late papers returned at the instructor’s convenience.

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Numbers in parenthesis indicate page numbers in text. January 12 Introduction January 14 Formal Analysis January 16 Formal Analysis January 21 Formal Analysis, Precursors January 23 Early Italian Renaissance (480-527) January 26 Early Italian Renaissance January 28 Early Italian Renaissance January 30 High Renaissance (541-582) February 2 High Renaissance February 4 Michelangelo/Mannerism February 6 Mannerism (583-603) February 9 Late Gothic (528-541) February 11 Late Gothic/Northern Renaissance (604-625) FORMAL ANALYSIS DUE February 18 Renaissance in the North February 20 Renaissance in the North February 23 Review February 25 Exam February 27 Italian Baroque (626-652) March 2 Italian Baroque March 4 Italian and Spanish Baroque (669-672) March 6 Spanish Baroque March 9 Flemish and French Baroque (673-676) March 11 Dutch Baroque (653-665) March 13 Dutch Baroque March 16 Dutch Baroque March 18 Rococo (677-701) March 20 Neoclassicism (702-720) March 23 Neoclassicism SCHOLARLY ARTICLE REPORT DUE March 25 Romanticism (721-745) March 27 Romanticism March 30 Review April 1 TBA April 3 Exam April 13 Realism (746-754) April 15 realism (760-764) April 17 realism April 20 Manet (764-765, 755-759) April 22 Impressionism (772-802) April 24 Impressionism and Rodin (803-829) April 27 Post-Impressionism (768-797) CONTEXTUALIZATION DUE April 29 European painting and sculpture before WWI (830-877) May 1 European painting and sculpture before WWI May 4 European painting and sculpture between WWs (877-922) May 6 European painting and sculpture between WWI and WWII May 8 American painting and sculpture before WWII May 11 American painting and sculpture before WWII May 13 Review
FINAL EXAM—At the moment, the final exam is scheduled on Wednesday May 20th from 10:00-11:50 a.m Check the final exam schedule on May 1st to see if there have been any changes.


Due: February 11th by 11:30 p.m. turned in via Last Day accepted for reduced points: February 20th. Class value: 10 points (9 point essay, 1 point compositional sketch) You will write a formal analysis based on the first week’s lecture. If you need more information on formal (visual) elements, see Preble, Artforms on reserve in Goleman Library.

Select an artwork which was made after 1400 in the European tradition and which is in a museum in Northern California. You must see the original work after January 16, 2007. Slide, photographs and memory distort objects. If your topic artwork falls outside these parameters, it will be returned ungraded and you will lose 2 points. (Hint: The Haggin Museum, located in Victory Park, 1201 N. Pershing, is open 1:30 to 5:00 Wednesday through Sunday. There is an admission fee.)

Make a compositional sketch based on the formal analysis lecture. You need to turn this in with your paper. Do not forget to include the exterior borders of the work (overall shape) and do not include details.

Look at the work and consider the impact of the formal elements. To do this, describe how each element is used in the work and then think about how it impacts your viewing of the work. Take notes to jog your memory later. Consider which formal elements have the greatest impact on the work.

Write a two page paper (about 400-500 words). A good paper with include discussion of the two or three formal elements that you consider most important. Each of the formal elements you discuss should be described and then the effect should be noted. Explain why the formal element creates such an effect.

Read the draft, check grammar, spelling, structure and logic. Does each paragraph form a unit? Does each sentence make sense? Have someone else proofread it. Rewrite it, reread, and revise. Keep rewriting and revising until it makes sense to you and others.

This is NOT a research paper. Do not do outside research on the culture or artist. I can not help you, unless I know that you are having a problem. (ASK QUESTIONS!) I can not help you the night before the paper is due. (START EARLY.) Names of artwork are either italicized or underlined, like this Donatello, Saint Mark, 1411-1415. ADA acceptable font is 12 points. Times New Roman is a standard font. Do not use bold or italicized type for the body of your paper. Do not use all capital letters. Turning your paper in late means that it will receive less points and it will be turned back later. The sample essay on the next page may be a helpful guide.


The Kiss by Gustav Klimt (name of artwork) Österreichechische Nationalbibliothek (museum that holds the artwork) I was instantly awed by Gustav Klimt’s painting, The Kiss. The artist’s choice of color, the texture of the paint and the size of the work transform a simple kiss into luxurious tribute to love. The dominant color of The Kiss is gold. The background is a flat gold field that is covered with slightly brighter dots of gold. The figures in the center are incased in a still brighter gold and the garments that cover most of their bodies are also bright gold. The gold, especially the gold around the figures shimmers. Because it seems to move in the light, the gold of the painting kept my attention. Additionally, it made me believe that the painting was valuable. Gold is a precious material and this painting was covered it. The use of so much costly material transformed the kiss that was depicted into something precious. The texture of the work also seemed precious. The background is very smooth, much like the slick surface of a jewel. When the light hit that smooth surface, it shone in large spots. Additionally, the bright gold garments of the main figures were incised. The grooves were made in very precise and beautiful patterns. The patterns evoke those on jewelry or other metal work made by master jewelers who labor long hours over their work. Finally, the size of the work indicated that the artist felt the subject was important. The painting measures about six feet by six feet. The people are shown slightly larger than life size. Because it’s a painting hung a few feet off the ground, these oversize people tower above you and you need to look up to them. Perhaps the artist wanted us to look up to the people who kiss not just figuratively, but literally as well. Gustav Klimt made a beautiful tribute to a kiss. His use of gold, a variety of textures and the sheer size of the painting elevate the simple act to something important and precious.


Due: March 23rd turned in via by 11:30 p.m. Last Day accepted for reduced points: April 1st. Class value: 10 points This assignment is a short essay (200-400 words) that summarizes a scholarly article about subject matter (Iconography). You get to choose from among the three articles posted on docushare (see page two for information on how to access the Art 1B file in docushare). In a scholarly article, the author must add something to the field of research. The author will say that they are doing something new. It might be something that no one's done before or it may be stressing an angle that no other scholars have stressed, or it may be refuting past thought. Your essay should mention that "new" thought. You should also mention how this is new. Then give me the main objective of the article. That may well be what the author is says is new. In fact, it usually is. Then tell me how they prove this point. You should mention a few examples of evidence and also note what sources the author is using. For instance, have they done paint analysis, found letters by the artist, looked at legal documents, etc. Finally, I realize these articles are a bit dense and use some obscure terms. Nevertheless, you should come away either convinced or skeptical. Have they convinced you? Let me know. How did they convince you and if they haven't and why not? Please keep in mind that a short, concise essay with a point is far better than a long one that says little to nothing!

Use this to list to check to make sure you’ve covered what you need to in your essay: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. New thought Past thought/how new thought is new Main Objective Supporting evidence Your assessment


Due: April 27th turned in via by 11:30 p.m. Last Day accepted for reduced points: April 30th. Class value: 15 points (10 points essay, 5 points citations, supporting images) ESSAY: Write a two to four page (500 to 1000 words) essay that relates the artwork you wrote about in paper one to the culture or artist that made it. Basically, answer the question “How can I tell this was made during this period?” or “How can I tell that this artist made this work?” You can do this several ways: • relate the work to the history of the period in which it was made. Think about the class lectures on Counter Reformation art. • relate the work to the style of the society/period. For instance, fifteenth century Flemish art is characterized by incredible detail, jewel-like colors made possible by oil paints, and hidden symbolism. If you have chosen work from a society/period we have not covered yet, do some research. • Concentrate on how the work is related to the style or subject matter favored by the artist who made the work. If you had written about a painting by Pontormo, you might talk about the use of acidic and pastel colors, the elongated floating figures, the lack of realistic space and the stress on emotion. If you would like to write an essay that contextualizes the artwork and does not fall into one of the above approaches, let me know BEFORE you write it. IMPORTANT INFORMATION: (will bear on essay points) • All essays should use specific information. If you are taking about a practice, event, theological belief, make sure you understand it. Describe what the practice was succinctly (this should NOT be the bulk of your paper). • If you are comparing one work to another, use the correct title, date, and artist (if known). You should also include and image of that work. • When discussing a style, name and date some of the artworks that are typical of that style. • Include images of works to which you refer on a separate page of the essay. This does NOT include the work from part 1.

In order to contextualize, you will need to do some research. You must refer to at least two sources and one of them must be a specialized source. A textbook is NOT a specialized source.

Each essay must include at least one footnote and one bibliographic citation. Use the Kate Turabian style format. DO NOT USE MLA OR ANY OTHER CITATION STYLES! DO NOT RELY ON THE INTERNET FOR TURABIAN INFO—it’s usually wrong.


Whenever you refer to or use another's words, facts or ideas in your paper, you are required to cite the source. Traditionally, disciplines in the humanities (art, history, music, religion, theology) require the use of footnotes or endnotes in conjunction with a bibliography to cite sources used in research papers and dissertations. BIBLIOGRAPHY A list of books. A bibliography or works cited page is attached to the end of an essay. This page will include ALL reference materials used while researching the essay. FOOTNOTE A numbered reference to the source material an author consulted when writing a particular passage of their essay, article or book. Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page where the numbered references occur. The number one (1) is the marker of the first footnote. This is what it looks like within a text: Charles Hullmandel experimented with lithographic techniques throughout the early nineteenth century, patenting the "lithotint" process in 1840.1 The process was considered a At the bottom of the page the footnote with corresponding information will show where you got the information associated the number 1. In the field of art history, the citation style most often used is the Turabian style. If the samples below do not suffice, you will need refer to Kate Turabian, Manual for Writers of Term Papers, These and Dissertations for information on citations. There is a copy at the reference desk in Goleman Library. Each kind of source material requires specific information, organization and punctuation. Below I have included a few examples. A Book by One Author: Footnote: 1 Michael Twyman, Lithography (London: Oxford University Press, 1970), 145-146. Bibliography: Twyman, Michael. Lithography. London: Oxford University Press, 1970. A Book by More Than One Author: Footnote: 3 Russell Keat and John Urry, Social Theory as Science, 2d ed. (London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1982), 196. Bibliography: Keat, Russell, and John Urry. Social Theory as Science, 2d. ed. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1982. Article in a Scholarly Journal: Footnote: 27 Lawrence Freedman, "The Changing Roles of Military Conflict," Survival 40, no. 4 (1998): 52. Bibliography: Freedman, Lawrence. "The Changing Roles of Military Conflict." Survival 40, no. 4 (1998): 3956. 8

Article in a Magazine: Footnote: 35 Paul Goldberger, "Machines for Living: The Architectonic Allure of the Automobile,"Architectural Digest 53 (October 1996): 82. Bibliography: Goldberger, Paul. "Machines for Living: The Architectonic Allure of the Automobile." Architectural Digest 53 (October 1996): 82-86. Newspaper Article: Footnote: 41 Eric Pianin, "Use of Arsenic in Wood Products to End," The Washington Post, 13 February 2002, sec. A, p. 2. Bibliography: Pianin, Eric. "Use of Arsenic in Wood Products to End." The Washington Post, 13 February 2002, sec. A, p. 2. For web citations, see Goleman Library’s website, and ensure you understand the various categories. If the website you are working from does not fall within the categories listed on the above reference, you can write a footnote or bibliography using the following information: Author, title, place of publication, publisher, date posted, address and date accessed. A website footnote might look like: 1 Jennifer Barrows, Haggin Museum Houses Treasure of the Past (Stockton, CA: Delta College, 1 April 2008) available at, accessed 1 April 2010. A Bibliographic citation might look like: Jennifer Barrows. Haggin Museum Houses Treasure of the Past. Stockton, CA: Delta College, 1 April 2008, available at, accessed 1 April 2010.

A fairly good source for Turabian information (on everything except for web pages!) is .


FORMAT: Write legibly so that your name can be read. If your handwriting is on the messy side, print your name. First and last name in that order. Use your registered name or close to it. o Example: Matthew Pierson o Acceptable: Matthew Pierson or Matt Pierson o Not acceptable: Matt or Matt P. Section and time o Example: 1A 10:00 Please do not write personal notes to Ms. Barrows. Quizzes are placed directly into the grader’s box and are tossed once the grade is entered. Use at least a half sheet of paper torn widthwise. Anything smaller than 8 x 4” will be tossed with no grade entered. DO NOT fold paper. QUIZZES THAT ARE ILLEGIBLE OR NOT FORMATTED CORRECTLY WILL RECEIVE NO POINTS.

Probable Quiz Questions
Date proctored

Record date given (if the quiz was given) and your answer. 1. Name one formal (visual) element. 2. Where did the Renaissance begin? 3. What technique did Masaccio use to organize space in the Holy Trinity? 4. Name three High Renaissance artists. 5. What are the two major characteristics of art in Flanders in the 1400s? 6. What are the three major subject matter of the Counter Reformation? 7. Which sixteenth century Northern European artist is known for combining Italian Renaissance ideas and the major characteristics of 15th century Northern European art? 8. What is the use of extreme light and shadow popularized by Caravaggio called? 9. Who is the ideal viewer of Las Meninas? 10. Why did Marie de Medici commission Rubens to create the Marie de Medici Series?

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11. In the 1600s, there are a number of genre that are popular in the Netherlands? What are they? Which ones are not as prevalent in Southern Europe? 12. What is the most popular subject matter of Rococo genre scenes? 13. What 1738 discovery had a great effect on Neoclassical art? 14. Which artist was considered THE painter of the French Revolution? 15. With which tradition is Romanticism associated, colore or disegno? 16. What is the eighteenth century interest in non-European subject matter called? 17. What class was the favored subject matter of the French Realist School? 18. What did Thomas Eakins consider essential for the making of a good image? 19. How do the work of male and female impressionists differ? 20. The end of the general trend toward realism in nineteenth century painting was encouraged by which media? 21. Name the four Post-Impressionists? 22. Early twentieth century artists felt that they could return to the original state of humanity by replicating African, Native American and Oceanic cultures? What is this attitude called? 23. Which movement is characterized by a stress on speed, love of change and hopes of destroying all that is traditional? 24. Which modern art movement was especially interested in the subconscious? 25. Who was both an important proponent of modern art in the United States and a major figure in the acceptance of photography as an art medium? 26. After WWII, which city was seen as the capital of contemporary art?

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From Administrative Procedure 5500 Standards of Conduct: “Faculty Members identifying cases of academic dishonesty may enter a failing grade for the assignment or exercise in question, enter a failing grade for the entire course after the last date to drop the class, impose other penalties in terms of grade, additional coursework, or other exercises, or refer the matter to the Vice President of Student Services with a recommendation for further action, including the possibility of suspension from the college.” Administrative Procedure 5500A: Definition of Academic Dishonesty Academic dishonesty consists of any deliberate attempt to falsify, fabricate or otherwise tamper with data, information, records, or any other material that is relevant to the student’s participation in any course, laboratory, or other academic exercise or function. Most, although not all, such attempts fall into one or more of the following three categories: 1. Plagiarism: Deliberately presenting work, words, ideas, theories, etc. derived in whole or in part from a source external to the student as though they are the student’s own efforts. Examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to the following: a. Failing to use proper citations as acknowledgment of the true source of information included in a paper, written or oral examination, or any other academic exercise. b. Presenting any work completed in whole or in part by any individual or group other than the student, as though the work is the student’s own, in any academic exercise. c. Buying, selling, bartering, or in any other fashion obtaining or distributing material to be used fraudulently as part of any academic exercise. 2. Cheating: Disseminating or receiving answers, data, or other information by any means other than those expressly permitted by the instructor as part of any academic exercise. Examples of cheating include, but are not limited to the following: a. Copying answers, data, or other information (or allowing others to do so) during an examination, quiz, laboratory experiment, or any other academic exercise in which the student is not expressly permitted to work jointly with others. b. Assuming another individual’s identity or allowing another person to do so on one’s own behalf for the purpose of fulfilling any academic requirement or in any way enhancing the student’s grade or academic standing. c. Using any device, implement, or other form of study aid during an examination, quiz, laboratory experiment, or any other academic exercise without the faculty member’s permission. 3. Other Academic Misconduct: Falsifying or fabricating data, records, or any information relevant to the student’s participation in any course or academic exercise, or tampering with such information as collected or distributed by the faculty member. Examples of academic dishonesty include, but are not limited to the following: a Falsifying, or attempting to falsify, attendance records, graded exercises of any kind, or any information or document intended to excuse the student from participation in any academic exercise. b. Inventing, fabricating, or falsifying data as part of the completion of any academic exercise. c. Knowingly furnishing false information (or facilitating the furnishing of false information) to a faculty member. The foregoing list of offenses is not intended to be fully exhaustive of all potential instances of academic dishonesty. Faculty and administrators may identify cases of academic dishonesty not herein contemplated. 12

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS: Q: Do you have a copy of a handout that I didn’t get/lost/used to house train my dog? There are two possible answers. Answer one: Yes, they are on the desk. What I really mean: don’t bother asking. Instead just check the desk at the front of the class room. If they aren’t there, I either don’t have or can’t find them. Answer two: No, check docushare. This answer inevitably leads to you asking, “How do I access them?” The answer to that is “The web address is Click on the Faculty link, which will bring up a list of faculty. Then click on “Barrows, Jennifer.” The open the Art 1B folder. Please note there is no www in this web address! Q: Can I turn in my contextualization without turning in my formal analysis? A: No. Q: Can I pass this class without writing the papers? A: Dude, look at the points and do the math (No). Q: I’d like to go on vacation/sleep in/get my haircut during the time that the final is scheduled. Can I take the final exam some other time? A: No. You can only take the final exam during the scheduled time. Q: Can I retake an exam if I haven’t done well on it? A: No. Try attending my office hours before the exam if you’re worried. Q: Will you be dropping one of my exam scores? A: No. All of your exam score will be incorporated into your grade. Q: What will happen when I turn in work that is either completely or partially identical to another student’s work, a printed source, or something posted on the web? A: You might get 0 on the assignment, you might fail the class, or you might be expelled from Delta. I will report you to student services. I will ask that you be expelled if this is your second offence. Q: I missed class. Did I miss anything important? A: Well, duh! If there wasn’t something important, there would be no class.


TURNITIN.COM INFORMATION To submit papers/assignments students must go to , if you don’t have a user id already, click on New Users. This is similar to creating an email account. I recommend using your Delta e-mail and a password YOU WILL NOT FORGET for your login. (You might keep a record of it somewhere, like here:YOUR login__________________________ & YOUR Password________________________). You will enter the class ID# 2552137 and the class Password arthistory. When ready to submit your paper upload it to (See below for accepted file types). I recommend you play with this prior to submitting your final draft. You might even do something radical, like READ THE INSTRUCTIONS! If you run into problems, you could even be so bold as to look at the student manual ( After turning in your paper, you should get a receipt when you upload your assignment (your receipt is only the words not the formatting.) Your assignment will be graded online. You will be able to check the status of your assignment as it is graded and see what grade you earned and the instructor’s comments. Turnitin currently accepts the following file types for upload into an assignment: Microsoft Word™• Corel WordPerfect®• HTML• Adobe PostScript®• Plain text (TXT)• Rich Text Format (RTF)• Portable Document Format (PDF)• The file size may not exceed 10.48576 MB. If it does exceed this size, turnitin will strip out non-text matter (i.e. pictures.) Check out the size of your pictures before loading them into your paper. Check out the size of your file before loading it on turnintin.


Due January 16th in class. No other work in the class will count unless you turn in this homework! Circle all correct answers: 1. The possible consequences for Academic Dishonesty are: A) Failing the assignment B) Failing the class C) Being reported to the dean of student services D) Being suspended from the college E) Being recommended for publication F) Being nominated as student of the year G) One to four months in jail H) All of the above 2. Academic dishonesty includes A) Plagiarism B) Cheating C) Using a study guide during a closed book, closed note exam D) Bringing the book to class E) Making flashcards to study for the exam F) Turning in work done by someone else with your name on it G) Turning in your work for someone else H) Falsifying attendance records I) Knowingly providing false information to a faculty member (i.e. telling me your grandmother died, when she didn’t: telling me you started a account when you haven’t) J) Turning in a doctor’s note that was forged K) Copying answers during an exam L) Starting a written assignment as soon as you have the assignment sheet M) Getting handouts of docushare N) Reading the book before lecture 3. Quizzes A) can be made up B) cannot be made up C) are not announced 4. I can turn in the contextualization essay without turning in the formal analysis. A) False B) True 5. I signed up for on_________________________(provide date). 6. I personally checked into docushare and got this password from the document titled “password.” ____________________.