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The Methods Concerned In the course of A Sheet Metal Fabrication Treatment

Sheet metal fabrication is a value adding process involving developing of sheet metal buildings or other equipment by lowering, forming and assembling the components. The components are usually assembled through welding although other joining processes are also used. The entire process is carried out with reference to the Engineering drawings provided. FABRICATION PROCESS sheet metal fabrication process consists of three main phases namely: slicing, forming and assembling. Sheet Metal reducing cutting is achieved through either manual or driven means. This may include: shearing, chiseling, torching using either plasma torches, or other gas cutting techniques , laser cutting amongst others. There are band saws specially created for sheet metal slicing and have a feed mechanism to ensure even chopping. Oxy -fuel (Oxy-acetylene or oxy-hydrogen) reducing torches can be used to cut sheet metal with very Tiny effort. Computer Numerically controlled (CNC) lasers are used when high precision is required. h2o jet reducing can also be used(Abrasive Jet machining) . This involves application of a high velocity jet of abrasive particles mixed with drinking water from a nozzle to the sheet metal. Plasma torches are also common. SHEET METAL FORMING In sheet metal fabrication processes, forming is the most diverse. There are several forming techniques available relying on the shape desired. The most frequent forming processes are: bending, deep drawing, ironing, press brake forming, perforating, punching, rolling, spinning,stamping drilling and many other techniques. Bending is usually achieved using a v-formd or u-shaped press brake.It is very frequent in sheet metal fabrication. Deep drawing involves stretching the sheet metal over a die or form. The depth of the resulting component is more than a half the diameter. Ironing is used on deep drawn workpieces to achieve uniform wall thickness. Perforation is the punching of a number of holes that are small in size and close to each other in a sheet metal. Punching is a pressing procedure where the sheet metal is placed between a die and a punch and then the punch is pushed by the press into the die thereby reducing a hole in the sheet metal. Spinning is applied in order to make tubular parts. Sheet metal is fixed on a rotating forming tool mostly a mandrel. typical application of spinning is in the creating of kitchen funnels. Stamping is made up of many sheet metal forming processes such as blanking, flanging and coining. It can be carried out through a single stage or multiple stages. It has high equipment and tool cost but the labor cost is low.

ASSEMBLY Following the sheet metal has been cut and formed to the required form, the elements are assembled by welding or sheet metal fasteners like rivets, clekos and sheet metal screws. Welding is the most normal joining method in sheet metal fabrication. The shaped parts are assembled, tack welded and checked for accuracy. Fixtures are usually used for easy locating of the components during welding in cases where a number of weldments have to be created. The welder finally completes the welding according to the engineering drawings provided. Special precautions are noticed to avoid the weldment from warping. In case the sheet metal warps, it is straightened using an oxy-acetylene torch by selectively applying heat gradually and linearly to the sheet metal. The weldments may be annealed for stress relief. Finally, the assembly is floor finished by sand blasting or any other finishing procedure and then painted if necessary. The finished product undergoes final inspection and is then transported to the consumer.