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Index

Adsorbed layers 11, 118, 235 Adsorption isotherm 19, 23, 41 negative 15 polymers 39, 96 proteins 57, 96 surfactants 22, 163 Aggregation bridging occulation 129, 133 charge patch occulation 133 coagulation 130, 141 depletion, 89, 130 diffusion limited 136, 139 owing dispersions 143 number of surfactants 22, 52 potential limited 141 secondary minimum 128, 148 Air entrainment 175 Amphipathic molecules see Surfactants Associative thickener 28 Bancrofts rule 180, 190 Block copolymers 41 Boltzmann distribution 102 Born repulsion 78 Bridging occulation 129 Brownian motion 1, 9, 139 Burger body 272 Butter 8 Capillary condensation 170 pressure (Laplace) 165, 179 rise 165 Captive bubble 157 Characteristic ratio 30 Characteristic time 248 Clays 3, 23, 98, 135, 278 Cleaning agents 7, 264 Cloud point 55, 180 Coagulation by electrolytes 130 by polyelectrolytes 133 hetero- 111, 134 rate, orthokinetic 144 rate, perikinetic 139 ShultzHardy rule 130 viscosity effects 137, 146149 Coefcient of variation 196 Co-ion 103 Collision frequency Brownian 145 orthokinetic 144 Colloidal crystal 9, 244, 276 Colloidal glass 244, 276 Complex uid 241 Complex modulus 259 Complex viscosity 268 Concentrated dispersions 8, 242 polymer solutions 38 Consolidation of sediments 138 Contact angle advancing/receding 154 effect of surfactants 163

Colloids and Interfaces with Surfactants and Polymers An Introduction J. W. Goodwin 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd ISBN: 0-470-84142-7 (HB) ISBN: 0-470-84143-5 (PB)

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Contact angle (Contd.) dynamic 155, 173 hysteresis 158 measurement 156 rough surface 159 Young equation 155 Coordination number 246 Correlation function 217 Correlation length 38 Coulter Counter 202 Counter-ion 21, 53, 103 Creep compliance 273 Critical coagulation concentration (ccc) 131132 Critical micelle concentration (cmc) 21 Critical stress 253 Deborah Number 249, 258 ckel parameter DebyeHu concentrated dispersions 114 dilute dispersions 105 Deformation elastic 249 viscoelastic 249 Degree of polymerization 28 Dendrimers 28 Depletion attraction 87 occulation 5 layer 39, 88 Detergents 4 Dielectric constant see Relative permittivity Diffusion collective 10 dynamic light scattering 190, 217 self-diffusion 2, 10 Disjoining pressure 184 Dispersion forces calculation guide 81 Lifshitz theory 7981 molecules 65, 67 particles 71 retarded 78 Dynamic compliance 274 Dynamic contact angle 155 Dynamic moduli 260 Dynamic viscosity 260

Index

Effective medium 248 volume fraction 11, 235 EinsteinSmoluchowski equation 2, 248 Electrical double layer 21, 100 Electroacoustics 231 Electro-osmotic ow 224 Electron probe microanalysis 200 Electroviscous effects 236, 255 Emulsions choice of surfactant 182 formation 178 phase-inversion temperature 180 photographic 177 stability 183 viscosity 235 Flocculation 129, 141 FloryHuggins x-parameter 34, 39, 43, 92, 121 Foam lms 95 Fog 13 Freely jointed chain 29 Freeze fracture 190 Fresnel diffraction 204 Gibbs dividing surface 16, 154 GibbsMarangoni effect 184 GouyChapman model 102 Hamaker constant 73, 76, 80 Handling properties of dispersions 242 Heat of wetting 172 Hildebrand solubility parameter 182 Hofmeister series 130 Hookean solid 248, 257 Huggins coefcient 42, 234 Hydrodynamic interactions 233 Hydrogen bond 13, 48, 189 Hydrophiliclipophilic balance (HLB) number 181, 190 Hydrophobic effect 48

Index
Imbibition of liquids by porous solids 166 Indifferent electrolyte 96 Inks 6, 86 Interface 13 Interfacial tension 155 Intermolecular forces 63 Isoelectric point (iep) 98 Isomorphous substitution 98 Kelvin equation 168 model 273 retardation time 273 Kolmogorov scale 179 Krafft point 48 KriegerDougherty equation 251 Krieger equation 252 Langmuir isotherm 100 Latex 4, 96, 218 Light scattering dynamic 216 particle form factor 209 particles 206 polymer solutions 44 Rayleigh ratio 44, 208 Line tension 155 Linear viscoelasticty 257 Lipids 4 London dispersion forces 15, 64, 71, 78 Lyophilic 15 Lyophobic 15 MarkHowink equation 43 Maxwell model generalized 265 single 261 Mechanical rheological models 258 Micelles 22, 48, 49, 116, 264 Micellization 49 Microelectrophoresis dynamic mobility 232 Henry equation 231 ckel equation 231 Hu mobility 227 Smoluchowski equation 229 Microemulsions bicontinuous or sponge 190 classication 190 drop size 193 stability uses 187 Winsor classication 189 Microgels 28 Microscopy atomic force 201 electron 200 optical 198 Mie theory 211 Monodisperse dispersion 3 Nernst equation 99 Network modulus 277 Neutron reection 215 scattering 211 Newtonian liquid 248, 257 Oil well bores 167, 187 Osmotic compressibility 247 Osmotic pressure excess 110, 247 hard spheres 88 polymer solutions 35, 43, 91, 120 Ostwald ripening 171, 185 Oxides 98 Paints 4 Pair distribution function 244 Paper 5 Particle size distribution 196 methods of measurement 198 moments 196 clet Number 250, 253 Pe Percolation threshold 136 Phase behaviour microemulsion 188 particles 12, 137 polymers 36 surfactants 48, 53

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Phase diagrams 188 Phase inversion 178 Phase-inversion temperature (PIT) 180 Photon correlation spectroscopy 216 Pigments 4 Plastic 252 Plateau border 183 Point of zero charge (pzc) 97 Poiseuille equation 221 PoissonBoltzmann equation 104 Poissons equation 104, 222 Polarizability 6471 Polydisperse dispersion 3 Polydispersity 28 Polyelectrolytes 6, 25, 97 Polymers block copolymers 24, 41, 57, 116, 118, 181 brushes 123 conformation 29 cross-linked elastomers 277 FloryHuggins theory 32, 120 homopolymers 24 molecular weights 28, 43 polydispersity 28 reptation 38 solution thermodynamics 32 solvent quality 30, 35 synergistic effects 25 theta-temperature 35 thickeners 25 Polysaccharides 27 Potential depletion 89 diffuse layer 102 energy of attraction 73 energy of repulsion 109 of mean force 62, 243 pair 61 steric 119 Potential-determining ions 96, 129 Powders, dispersion of 24, 167 Primary electroviscous effect 236 Primary maximum 128 Primary minimum 128, 148 Proteins 57, 96 Pseudoplastic 252 Radius of gyration 30, 210, 214 Refractive index 44, 67, 80, 207 Relative permittivity 67, 79 Relaxation spectrum 254, 265 time 10, 248, 249, 261 Retardation spectrum 274 time 274 Rheology 247

Index

Scattering contrast matching 213 dissymmetry ratio 210 from adsorbed layers 214 Guinier approximation 214 length density 212 particle form factor 209 Porod law 215 RayleighGansDebye theory 208 Rayleigh theory structure factor, S(Q) 242 vector 205 Secondary electroviscous effect 237 Secondary minimum 128, 148 Sedimentation potential 227 Sessile drop 156 Shear eld 143 modulus 253 processing 136 rate 248, 250 soaps 4 strain 248 stress 248 thinning 251, 254 Silver iodide 99 Soft solid 241, 252 Solubilization 53 Specic surface area 13, 42 Speckle pattern 216 Spinning drop 193 Spreading coefcient 160 Stability ratio 141 Stabilization charge, DLVO theory, 127 steric 125

Index
Standard deviation 196 Stationary level 228 Stern layer 100, 104, 221 StokesEinstein equation 2, 217, 248 Streaming potential 219 Stress relaxation experiment 269 modulus 270 Structure from scattering 242 of aggregates 136 of concentrated dispersions 244 Surface area 13 charge density 21, 101 energy 15, 153 excess 16 measurement 218 potential 101 tension 14, 20, 153 wetting 163 Surface active agents see Surfactants Surfactants macromolecular 55 solution behaviour 46 types 15, 20, 47 Tertiary electroviscous effect 237 Titanium dioxide 4, 6, 97 Titration of surface charge 218 Tortuosity factor 167 van der Waals forces 15, 63, 182 Vesicles 55 Viscosity concentrated dispersions 149 dilute dispersions 232 intrinsic 42 limiting values 251, 255 particle shape 237 polymer solutions 42 reduced 43 Volume restriction 119 Vorticity 233 Wetting line 154 Wilhelmy plate 157 Work of adhesion 160 Work of cohesion 160 Worm-like micelles 53, 264 X-ray scattering 212 Yield stress dynamic or Bingham 252 static or true 252 Young equation 155, 173 YoungLaplace equation 165, 169 Zeta-potential denition 101 electrokinetic determination 219 use 107

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