MINI PROJECT REPORT

JITHIN P GEORGE B.TECH 1’STBATCH

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INDEX
1. Introduction 1.1 Ship design 1.1.1 Concept design 1.1.2 Preliminary design 2. Aim of the project 3. Glossary of terms 4. Owners requirement 5. Parent ship data and analysis 6. Algorithm 7. Estimation of main dimensions & coefficients 7.1 Main dimensions 7.2 Form coefficients 7.2.1 Block coefficient 7.2.2 Midship coefficient 7.2.3 Prismatic coefficient 7.2.4 Coefficient of water plane area 7.3Calculations 8. Sectional area curve 9. Lines plan 9.1 Body plan 9.2 Half-breadth plan 9.3 Profile plan 10. Bonjean curves 10.1 Bonjean calculation 11. Hydrostatic curves 11.1 Hydrostatic calculations 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 9 10 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 16 18 19 19 20 21 22 22 23 23
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11.1.1 Longitudinal Center of Buoyancy 11.1.2 Vertical Center of Buoyancy 11.1.3 Longitudinal Center of Floatation 11.1.4 Tonnes Per Centimeter immersion 11.1.5 Moment to Change Trim by 1 cm 11.1.6 Metacentric height in transeverse and longitudinal section 12. General Arrangement 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Frame spacing & bulkhead disposition 12.3 Sketches 12.4Superstructure 12.5 Accommodation 12.6 Painting and Cathodic protection 12.7 Pipe work colouring 12.8 Life savings and fire fighting equipment 12.9 Navigation lights 13 Detailed Capacity Calculations and Drawings 13.1Introduction 13.2 loading Calculation 14 Conclusion

24 29 32 38 38 38 50 50 50 51 52 53 54 56 56 56 58 58 59 62

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such as barges. disabled ships. Basic design involves the determination of major characteristics affecting cost & performance. Tugboats are powerful for their size and strongly built.Intoduction A tugboat (tug) is a boat that maneuvers vessels by pushing or towing them. Tugs move vessels that either should not move themselves. The principle fact in this process is the creativity involved in designing a good functional unit. and some are ocean-going. such as ships in a crowded harbor or a narrow canal or those that cannot move by themselves.T. Many tugboats have firefighting monitors. The proper selection of the above should satisfy the following mission requirements (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Good sea keeping performance. but today most have diesel engines. especially in harbors 1. allowing them to assist in firefighting. Maneuverability The desired speed.1. (1) Main dimensions: L. Early tugboats had steam engines.B. 4 . log rafts.D (2) Hull form: Lines design (3) Power: Resistance & propulsion (4) Preliminary General Arrangement (5) Major structure. Endurance Cargo capacity Dead weight. Some tugboats serve as icebreakers or salvage boats. or oil platforms. the ship which meets the various regulatory body requirements and the design practices and meet the owners requirement.1 Ship Design Ship design is a complex process.

Cw. Certain controlling factors like Length. Beam.The project involves the basic design of double skin PSV vessel with specifications and encompasses: (a) Concept design (b) Preliminary design 1. 2. 1. Its completion provides a precise definition of the vessel that would meet the mission requirements. Breadth (B).1 Concept design This translates the mission requirements into Naval Architecture & Engg. Cp).1. CM. It includes the technological feasibility studies to determine the fundamental elements of the proposed vessel such as Length (L). Ocean Towing Tug & also is to make a hydrostatic curve for a harbor tug with a bollard pull of 20tons. 5 . It includes preliminary light ship weight estimates. characteristics. Horsepower & DWT are not expected to change upon completion of this phase.. Draught (T). Coefficients (CB. dead weight.1.2 Preliminary design It defines the major ship characteristics affecting cost & performance. Power or alternative sets of characteristics which meet the required speed.Aim of the project The main aim of this project is to design a Harbor. The selected concept design forms the basis of obtaining approximate cost.

Glossary of terms LOA B D T LWL LBP DWT LWT CB CM CP AM AWL (CW) (LCB) (VCB) (LCF) (TPCi) (MCTi) : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Length Overall Breadth Depth Draft Load Water Line Length between Perpendicular Dead weight of ship Light Weight of ship Block coefficient Midship Coefficient Prismatic Coefficient Area of Midship Area of water line Coefficient of fineness of the water.plane area Longitudinal centre of buoyancy Vertical centre of buoyancy Longitudinal centre of floatation Tones per centimeter immersion Moment to change trim by one centimeter Metacentric height in transverse & longitudinal sections (BMT & BML): 6 .3.

37tons :0. TYPE Service speed Classification LOA LBP Moulded Breadth Moulded Depth Summer Load Draft Gross Tonnage : Harbor.I.26tons : 0. It has the following specifications.8metres : 2.9 tons : 0.8 metres : <300 Tons Capacities Ballast Fuel Oil Fresh Water Lube Oil Hydraulic Oil Dirty Oil :27.59 tons :43.264tons :10. Registro Italiano Navale : 21 metres : 19metres : 8 metres : 3.NA.9tons Machinery Main Engines Caterpillar Powers Propulsion Aux Generators :D379 Ta 466x2Kw :932Kw (1267Hp) :Fixed Pitch Propellers x2 : 2 Caterpillar 50 Kw 7 . Ocean Towing Tug : 11knots : R. Ocean Towing Tug with 20 tons bollard pull .4.Owners requirement The main aim of this project is to design a: Harbor.

Navtex FURUNO NX 500 8 .Accomodation Single cabin Double Cabin Crew messroom Total accommodation :0 :4 :1 :8 Navigation & Communication Depth recorder GPS Navigator Radars x 2 N° 1 Radar X Band GEM SC 1210 N Radio systems Sailor system 4000 HT 4520 Autopilot Steering Telephone System Mobile VHF DSC SAILOR RT 4822 DSC AIS .

571429 2.8 27.8 5.666667 2.888889 3.153846 2.075 2.2 5.995 19.25 2.754 9.6877 5.4 410.454545 1.461538 2.7432 3.0 23.23 8.8768 4.069 19.1148 2.207921 2.523077 2.63 6.5 42.888889 2.5 11.7432 2.8768 3.8 26 27 28 36 26 32 32 7. They are expressed in the tabular form below.1 44 46.9624 3.3528 4.534 10.090909 4.873 25.9624 98 145 152 379 146 215 215 277.925 9.97 7.5 42.0375 2.7166 4.8 24.866667 2.963636 5.5 430.3 24.5 13.3 1073 413.873 19.075 4. NAME LOA Ft In LBP Meter Ft Meter Ft DIMENSIONS Depth Meter Deep Draft Ft Meter Gross Registered Tonnage Tonnes Internal Volume Knots 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SIGNET RANGER JIM COLLE SIGNET COURAGEOUS SIGNET CHALLENGER SIGNET VOLUNTEER NATALIE COLLE DANIEL COLLE 82 78 90 104 70 81 81 6 6 19.8768 9 8 12 13 9 13 13 2.5 m/s 7.9161 36 29.461538 9 .0375 2.311111 2.9161 5.7 21.311111 2.02 21.359 17.5 Assumed Velocity Bollard Pull (Metric Tonnes) L/B B/D L/D B/T 2.363636 2 2 5.572 4.5.363636 2.4 31.672727 4.1733 7.3528 3.754 11 11 15 16 11 16 16 3.946 25.7 15 9 12 15 13 11.7166 6.7 608. Parent ship data and analysis The relevant data of 15-40 bollard pull were analysed & ratios are calculated.925 8.333333 2.5654 3.3 608.6576 4.3528 4.

98 2.96 1.57 2.18 6. From those values we get the following details.70 4.Analysis of ratios L/B B/T L/D B/D Range 2. It may lead us to find out most of the ship details and we aware about the different types of bulk carrier.075-5.Alogorithm As mentioned in the aim we started research about the different types of ship.45 Average 2. Fig: Basic concept of ship 10 . We started researching on different apparent ships from those ship details we find out a desirable detail for our ship.33-3.2 4.8-2.03 – 2.27 2.

These are noted below. Ratio of breadth to draft = B/T Approx.8 to 5. range 2 to 8. Dimension ratios Dimensions of the underwater body are sometimes referred to in ratio form. range 6 to 30. 11 . LBP refers to the length of a vessel along the waterline from the forward perpendicular to the aft perpendicular. LBP or Length BPP is a term describing the length of a ship. with approximate ranges for each: Ratio of length to breadth = L/B Approx. Depth (D) It is the maximum depth of a ship. Loads water line (LWL) It is an imaginary line drawn along the surface of water measured from intersection of contour to forward perpendicular and the aft perpendicular. Beam or Breadth (B) It is the maximum width along the midship. range 1. Ratio of length to draft = L/T Approx.Length overall (LOA) Length of a ship measured horizontally from foremost part of stem to foremost part of bow. Length between perpendiculars (LBP) It is often abbreviated as LPP. Draft (T) It is the depth of a ship measured from keel to waterline.

proportions and form coefficient is one of the most important phases of overall design. which states that the weight of the object is reduced by its volume multiplied by the density of the fluid. Platform supply vessel are essentially moderate speed ship carrying dry cargo. capacity etc is necessitated. Hence the need for economic optimality in design. = 1. if more. the object floats. Estimation of main dimensions & coefficients 7. it sinks. If the weight of the object is less than this displaced quantity. Demand for the dry bulks in offshore field has increased tremendously. It affects ● Stability ● Hold capacity ● Hydro dynamic qualities such as resistance. Thus buoyancy is expressed through Archimedes' principle.1 Main dimensions The main dimensions have a decisive effect on many of the ship characteristics.Under water volume or displacement An object that sinks displaces an amount of fluid equal to the object's volume.025 T/m3) 7. maneuvering. It is the same for a ship To find the underwater volume we have to analyze the formula Density = mass /volume Volume = mass/density Mass = considering the ships total weight Density of sea water (approx. sea keeping ● Economic efficiency Determining the main dimensions. Symbols list 12 .

1Block coefficient (CB) Block coefficient (CB) is the volume (V) divided by the LWL x B x T. beam (B) & draft (T) is filled by the hull.2 Form coefficients 7. It gives a sense of how much of the block defined by the LWL.2. it is the ratio of the box volume occupied by the ship. Full forms such as oil tankers will have a high CB where fine shapes such as sailboats will have a low CB. 13 .DWT Δ LBP V g B D T CB Fn – – – – – – – – – – Dead weight Displacement Length between perpendiculars Velocity Acceleration due to gravity Moulded breadth of the ship Moulded depth of the ship Draft of the ship Block coefficient of the ship Froude number 7. If you draw a box around the submerged part of the ship.

A low CM indicates a cut-away mid-section and a high CM indicates a boxy section shape. Planing hulls and other high-speed hulls tend towards a higher Cp. It displays the ratio of the immersed volume of the hull to a volume of a prism with equal length to the ship and cross-sectional area equal to the largest underwater section of the hull (midship section). 14 . Efficient displacement hulls travelling at a low Froude number will tend to have a low Cp.2. A low or fine Cp indicates a full mid-section and fine ends.2Midship Coefficient (CM) Midship coefficient (CM or CX) is the cross-sectional area (Ax) of the slice at Midship (or at the largest section for CX) divided by beam x draft. Sailboats have a cut-away mid-section with low CX whereas cargo vessels have a boxy section with high CX to help increase the CB. This defines the fullness of the underbody. 7.Fig: Block coefficient 7. This is used to evaluate the distribution of the volume of the underbody.3Prismatic Coefficient (CP) Prismatic coefficient (Cp) is the volume (V) divided by LBP x Ax. It displays the ratio of the largest underwater section of the hull to a rectangle of the same overall width and depth as the underwater section of the hull. a high or full Cp indicates a boat with fuller ends.2.

4Coefficient of fineness of the water. High CW improves stability as well as handling behavior in rough conditions. Fig: Water plane coefficient 15 .Fig: Prismatic coefficient 7. The waterplane coefficient expresses the fullness of the waterplane. A low C W figure indicates fine ends and a high CW figure indicates fuller ends.plane area (CW) Water plane coefficient (CW) is the waterplane area divided by LPP x B.2. or the ratio of the waterplane area to a rectangle of the same length and width.

60 x 19 x 8 x 2.8 mtr Draft (Design) = 2.7.5 .3 Calculations LOA = 21mtr LBP = 19mtr Breadth = 8 mtr Depth upto deck = 3.8 = 255.60 CB = Under water volume = CB x L x B x T = 0. After correction CB value = 0.8 in case of harbor tug.8mtr LWT = 145 T CB is in th range of 0.36 m3 FN= 16 .0.

3844m3 CP = = = Dead weight + Light weight ship = Under Water Volume x Density =255.(1 KNOT = 0.84 CW = Water Plane Area = 0.91 x 2.36 * 1.8 x 8 = 20.Light weight of the ship = 261.744 – 145 = 116.744T 17 .5144 m/s) Assuming CW value = 0.025 = 261.744T Displacement Displacement Dead weight = Displacement .91 Cm = Midship Area = 0.84 x 19 x 8 = 127.68m2 Assuming Cm=0.

respectively. The ordinates of a sectional area curve are plotted in distance-squared units. In either case. the ordinate and abscissa of the curve may be made non-dimensional by dividing by the midship area and length of ship. Inasmuch as the horizontal scale. it is clear that the area under the curve represents the volume of water displaced by the vessel up to the DWL.8. represents longitudinal distances along the ship. Sectional area curve A fundamental drawing in the design of a ship particularly relative to resistance is the sectional area curve. or abscissa. Alternatively. or volume of displacement. for a ship with some parallel middle body. The sectional area curve and the half breadth are drawn keeping the underwater volume and the form coefficients kept in mind. The sectional area curve represents the longitudinal distribution of cross sectional area below the DWL. the shape of the sectional area curve determines the relative "fullness" of the ship. Fig: Sectional area curve 18 .

Makin the lines plan is the first stage of the design spiral and is one of the most important part of the entire design process since these line plans are provided to the operator and are constantly referred as part of the operation of the ship. The final underwater area and volume are calculate and corrected to the previously corrected values. The body plan is generate from the sectional area curve and the half breadth. The intersection of the stem of the ship at the design water line is called Forward Perpendicular (FP). 19 . 9.1 Body Plan Fig: Body plan Planes parallel to the front and back of the imaginary box are called stations. There are three important stations.9. Lines plan The lines plan are drafted for each ship according to the unique feature of the ship involved. The intersection of the stern at design water line(immersed transom) or the rudder stock is called the Aft Perpendicular (AP). The station midway between the perpendiculars is called the midship stations. The lines are fared to avoid any kinks in the lines and also to make sure that the lines are in perfect curves.

the sections forward of amidships are drawn on the right side. 9. Hence only half the section is show.Each station plane will intersect the ship's hull and form a curved line at the points of intersection. The base plane is usually level with the keel. Each plane will intersect the ship's hull and form a line at the points of intersection. These lines are called sectional lines and are all projected onto a single plane called the Body Plan. 20 . These lines are called waterlines and are all projected onto a single plane called the Half-Breadth Plan. A series of planes parallel and above the base plan are imagined at regular intervals. and the sections aft of the amidships are drawn on the left side. The amidships section is generally shown on both sides of the body plan. usually at every meter. The body plan takes advantage of the ship's symmetry. The vertical line in the center separating the left and right half of the ship is called the centerline.2 Half-Breadth Plan Fig: Half Breadth plan The bottom of the box is a reference plane called the base plane.

The water lines referred to here has nothing to do with where the ship actually floats. There waterlines are the intersection of the ship's hull with some imaginary plane above the base plane. Since ships are symmetric about their centerline they only need be drawn for the starboard or port side. thus the name Half-Breadth Plan.3 Profile Plan Fig: Profile plan A plane that runs from bow to stern directly through the center of the ship and parallel to the sides of the imaginary box is called the centerline plane. 9. These lines are called buttock or butt lines and are projected onto a single plane called the Sheer Plan.Each waterline shows the true shape of the hull from the top view for some elevation above the base plane. Each plane will intersect the ship's hull and form a curved line at the points of intersection. A series of planes parallel to one side of the centerline plane are imagined at regular intervals from the centerline. 21 .

Each buttock line shows the true shape of the hull from the side view for some distance from the centerline of the ship. The centerline plane shows a special butt line called the profile of the ship.

10.Bonjean Curves
The curves of cross sectional area for all body plan stations are collectively called Bonjean Curves. One of the principal uses of Bonjean Curves is determining volume of displacement of the ship at any level or trimmed waterline. 10.1 Bonjean calculations

Fig: Bonjean curve In the Bonjean calculation the sectional area and moment of each station up to each waterline is calculated. This enables the calculation of Displacement, LCB and VCB for any waterline for even keel and also trimmed condition. The uses of Bonjeans are: 1) 2) 3) 4) Hydrostatic calculations. For flooding calculations. Launching calculations. Longitudinal strength calculations.

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11.Hydrostatic Curves
It is customary in the design of a ship to calculate and plot as curves a number of hydrostatic properties of the vessel's form at a series of drafts. Such curves are useful in loading and stability studies during the design phase. Large scale plots of these curves for a newly built ship are then made for the assistance of the vessel's operating personnel. Such curves are known as the vessel's curves of form, or synonymously, hydrostatic curves.

11.1 Hydrostatic calculations It is mandatory in the design of a ship to calculate and plot as curves a number of hydrostatic properties of the vessel’s form at a series of drafts. Th rough out its life a ship changes its weight, trim & freeboard. Its condition at any state of circumstances can be found from hydrostatic curves. Hydrostatic particulars corresponding to different waterlines are calculated. List of formulae used. 1) Awp 2) Mx 3) LCF, x 4) IL 5) IT 6) TPC = = = = = = 2/3 x h x ∑ f(A) 2 x h2/3 x ∑ f(M) h x ∑ f(M)
∑ f(A)

(2h3/3) x ∑ f(IL) (2 x h/9) x ∑ f(IT) (Awp x 1.025) 100

7) BMT 8) BML 9) MCT

= = =

IT/ IL/ ∆ x GML
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100 x LWL 10) KM = BM + KB

11)

CB CM CW CP

= LBP x B x T

12) 13) 14)

= = =

A/(B x T) AWP / (L x B) CB/CM

11.1.1 Longitudinal Centre of Buoyancy (LCB) Longitudinal centre of buoyancy (LCB) is the longitudinal distance from a point of reference (often midships) to the centre of the displaced volume of water when the hull is not moving. Note that the longitudinal centre of gravity or centre of the weight of the vessel must align with the LCB when the hull is in equilibrium.
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09 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.888 0.Calculation table WATERLINE 0.76 2.3 2.02 50.4 7.3 5.8 2.2 62.9 88.29 6.87 3.44 0.76 1.013 WATERLINE 1 AREA 0 0 0 0 0 1.68 0.6 13.78 1.6 0 87 10.18 75.76 2.18 0 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V) 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 6 3 6 3 6 3 4 1 1 0 0 0 34 LCB VOLUME 10.3 9.96 0.3 113.87 0.87 138.638 0.5 STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 AREA 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.435 1.649 1.29 6.03 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V) 0 0 0 0 0 3.575 3.76 2.9 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 0 0 0 16.66 5.829 2.57 30.234 895.144 3.7 25 .92 2.6 46.4 20.51 1.6 60.29 6.253 0.76 2.29 4.5 38.15 6.144 3.144 3.144 3.18 28.76 2.7 27.3 5 1.29 6.7 33.3 13 6.05 0 339 LCB VOLUME STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 11.2 13 6.4 0.3 13 6.42 43.29 6.45 126.144 3.1 48.144 2.3 75.1 49.2 28.02 6.7 3.6 22.28 0.

54 14. 5 141 80. 28 112. 3 10 3. 6 12.3 2. 1 104 7.2 4 196.01 5. 24 306.0 1 23 1 LEVE R 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 AREA 0 0 0 0 0.8 8 16.1 10.8 75.01 7.38 0.54 8. 44 168.52 5.03 3. 56 241.1 10.76 10. 2 308.01 7.65 1.02 14.94 4.1 8 2349 LCB VOLU ME 10.01 7.02 14.51 88 11.02 14.02 14.3 50.78 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 AREA 0 0 0.26 5.0 6 157 7 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF ARE A 0 0 0.77 4.1 10. 6 9. 6 181 101 222 121 214 87. 1 6.1 8. 16 252.78 9.94 4. 32 180. 3 26 .5 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 3 3 2 2 0 f(V ) 0 0 0 0 0.01 7. 5 8.5 2 82.5 5 LCB VOLU ME 10. 9 6.06 6.26 2.77 8.1 10. 8 20 10 20 10 20 10 16 6. 8 104.5 4 16.7 6 3.99 2 1.02 14. 36 140.06 0.WATERLINE 1. 28 133.1 10.02 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(M) 0 0 1. 9 9.7 7 47.01 7.02 11. 4 15 3 LEVE R 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M ) 0 0 0 0 3.89 4.759 1.27 7. 1 0. 7 52. 2 18.06 3. 6 1.984 3.88 3.22 6.28 12. 5 28 14 28 14 28 14 23.88 8.5 2 10. 2 76.01 WATERLINE 2 f(V ) 0 0 0.9 7 3.14 6.9 04 15. 6 152 62.

2 204 448.5 5.7 1 12 5 27 .4 20.4 20.68 4.142 1.066 11.2 8. 4 14 9. 5 16 1.56 4. 7 4.4 17. 7 32 2 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M ) 0 4.0 6 368 8 LCB VOLU ME 9.01 8.7 3.89 7. 2 367. 1 317 6 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 1.4 20.5 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 0.4 20.456 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V ) 0. 4 LCB VOLU ME 9.7 4.334 12.65 2.75 6.4 20. 3 120 98.84 20. 5 10 7.36 9.75 3.74 5.5 7. 6 163.44 18 18 18 18 18 18 15.2 10.542 14. 5 29.2 10. 5 29 19 41 20 41 20 41 20 36 15 27 11 19 2.2 10.64 6.7 2 38.4 9.12 9.449 2 2.8 42.28 13. 4 316.3 4.75 2. 4 8 5.78 15.533 5. 2 113 285.667 6.85 5 106. 8 244.16 9.2 10.4082 2.5 13.7706 3.22 9 9 9 9 9 9 7.076 7.4 7.885 1.5 7 7 30. 2 39. 3 24 16 36 18 36 18 36 18 31 13 23 9.2 10. 6 3.8 AREA 2.771 7. 3 213. 9 404. 2 38 0 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 8 10.WATERLINE 2.728 AREA 1. 6 252 144 324 180 396 216 403 183 341 152 264 31.34 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V ) 1.02 16.704 1.17 WATERLINE 2.898 4 5.538 3.1 7 143. 4 182.48 11. 8 462.32 18.2836 3.42 10.

54 11. 2 44.46 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V ) 3.47 6.94 12.64 10.18 2.47 AREA 3.66 8.39 7.1 7. 9 442. 5 403 5 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 3.63 7 138.4 8 73. 4 51. 7 58.68 18.44 26 26 26 26 26 26 23.39 4. 2 LCB VOLU ME 9.46 9.36 4.09 6.78 8.9 12. 5 41 9 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M ) 0 10.94 10.22 11 11 11 11 11 11 9.4 9 17 1 28 .5 AREA 6.34 9.02 6.27 5.32 16.74 10.12 6.51 3. 4 17 10 24 15 40 24 52 26 52 26 52 26 47 21 37 16 26 3. 4 13.24 12. 3 289.04 15.2 6. 6 364 208 468 260 572 312 605.36 8.22 13 13 13 13 13 13 11.23 WATERLINE 3. 2 159 123 308 176 396 220 484 264 502 235 448 204 352 44.968 5.36 4.72 8.44 22 22 22 22 22 22 19.28 20.94 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(V ) 2 10 6.18 13.6 3.37 5.1 4 491 5 LCB VOLU ME 9.78 14. 6 258.9 2 20.6 8 198 146.52 7.92 19. 7 17 11 32 20 44 22 44 22 44 22 39 17 30 13 21 2.46 10.984 2.72 16.23 5.2 59.8 24.2 14. 5 561.88 20.WATERLINE 3 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 HALF AREA 1. 2 51 8 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 16.

53 23.9 3 29 86.4 579 5449 11.83 25.63 17.44 3 4 7.WATERLINE 3.06 15 4 10.4 11 4 14.8 4 17 69 5 44 222 6 27 161 7 57 398 8 28 227 9 57 511 10 28 284 11 57 625 12 28 341 13 51 667 14 23 323 15 42 632 16 18 293 17 29 497 18 3.8 HALF STATION AREA AREA SM 0 1 4.69 7.7 66.2.1 2 12 24.54 2 2 6.1.34 17 4 7.46 4 2 8.23 14.Vertical centre of buoyancy (VCB) Is the geometric centre of the ship’s under water area at a particular draught from the vertical section from keel and its position will change with draught.53 21.4 10 2 14.26 5 4 11.419 VOLUME 190.2 28.62 18 1 3. The position of the VCB determines where is the buoyancy of that particular draft remains in the hull.4 9 4 14.38 LCB 9.09 22.06 16 2 9.22 12.9 f(V) LEVER f(M) 0 4.4 13 4 12.84 7 4 14.2 28.26 8.3 0 1 21 21.2 28.66 14 2 11.18 6 2 13. 29 .31 14.2 28.2 28.4 8 2 14.2 28.17 18.27 10.52 1 4 5.42 26.4 12 2 14.

5 WATER LINE WL.6 410 .Calculation table WATER LINE WL.5 WL1 WL1.5 WL2 WATERLINE 2 AR S f(v EA M ) 58.5 84 2 VC 0. 34 0 WL1 WATER LINE WL. 58 8 1 . 86 -1 9 390 .5 2 F( M) 29.4 79.0 34 30 .7 B 71 F( M) 147 638 .5 79.2 1 7 67 9 VC 1.8 1 6 155.9 137 649 .5 WL1 WL1. 4 239 .4 893 .4 1 44 91.2 1.4 565 VC B 1. 8 1 8 0.5 2 79. 91. 15 1 15 1. 29 8 5 4 0. 136. 8 0 470 8 . 79.4 79. 91 15 -1 .8 79.5 WATERLINE 1.5 WATERLINE 1 AR f(v LEV EA SM ) ER 58. 0.2 WATER LINE wl0 WL. 24 86 3 0 91.3 B 98 5 0 235. 58.5 WATERLINE .5 725 469 485.5 WL1 WL1.5 AR S LEV F(M EA M f(v) ER ) 0 58. B 32 LEV ER 0. 319 319. 86 4 . 63 86 8 9 1 91. .5 29.2 214 .5 AR S LEV EA M f(v) ER F(M) 58. 27 15 3 3 107 10 .5 1 1.5 VC 0.

857.8 .3 3 3885. 1 24 VC B 1.5 WL2 WL2.5 25 111 1785.8 319 319.5 5 107.5 58. 463.3 1.8 8 128.1 7 125.1 1 SM 1 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(v) 58.5 5 2 .8 2 2 122.15 107.8 319.5 1 1.5 2 610. 122 305. 52 VC B 2.5 17 1 .4 WL1.1 9 122.5 WATERLI ARE S LEV NE A M f(v) ER F(M) 58.1 182 273.9 4 128.4 WL2. WL3.9 1 126 2.6 06 WATERLI NE WL. 319 WL1 86 4 319 1 .5 WL2 19 4 . 8 244.5 5 212 476 8 5 VC 2. 6 4 319 1 4 91. WL.5 WATERLINE 3.2 3 367 2.5 WL2.5 107 643 WL2 .8 WL3.4 WL1 6 4 .5 5 107. WL.8 79.8 5 1410.5 WL1 WL1.8 B 4 WATERLINE 2. 58.6 137 253 5 4 VC 1. 53 384.4 5 857.5 9 125.2 3 322 2 . 4 182. 273 WL1. 3 428. 610. 115 1 3 384 3 3 132.5 WL2 WL2. 2 4 429 2 5 122.8 319. 3 503.5 2.1 122 916 WL2.5 15 2 182 1.4 4 273.5 WL2.5 .4 79.8 .8 1 8 0.5 29.4 91. 4 1 132 3.5 ARE LEVE F(M A SM f(v) R ) 58. 5 2 182 1.5 29.08 3 31 .4 1 4 91. 105 9 3 378 2. 2 2 244 2. 58. AREA 58.5 .5 WL1 WL1.5 .1 273.8 WATERLI ARE S LEV F(M NE A M f(v) ER ) 58.4 79. 29.8 3 F(M) 29. 8 128.5 2 2.3 125 352 WL2.8 1 8 0. 428 857. 1 186 6 LEVE R 0.8 WL3.2 2.5 4 79.WATERLINE 2.2 B 4 WATERLINE 3 WATERLI NE WL.4 319.86 91.5 8 1 8 0.

5 WL2.3Longitudinal centre of floatation (LCF) Longitudinal centre of flotation (LCF) is the geometric centre of the ship’s water-plane area at a particular draught and its position will change with draught. 32 .5 1854 WL3.9 WL2.5 WL2 107.WATERLINE 3.15 2 182 1.8 WATERLINE AREA SM f(v) LEVER F(M) WL.5 91. 128.4 WL1.8 1 58.6 2657 6631 VCB 2.4 4 530 3.2 4 429 2 857.1.5 273.7 WL3.8 507.1 2 256 3 768.86 4 319 1 319.8 125.6 1 134 3.5 58.5 11.2 2 244 2.8 133.4 WL1 79.8 0.5 29.5 122.8 1411 WL3.5 132.5 610. The position of the LCF determines how the change of trim will be apportioned between the forward and aft draughts.9 4 504 2.

5 3 0.6 6. 4 2.3 3.69 1.5 half full f(A BREA brea SM ) DTH dth 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2.3 6 25.22 6.3 2 14.26 0 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 0 11.6 6.2 10. 2 2.6 4 13.27 3. 4 3.6 6.9 0.27 4. 4 13.3 2 14.3 0.5 4 24 2 STAT ION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f( M) 0 0 0 0 0 0 69.7 2 25 07 LCF AR EA 10.6 5.6 5. 2 26. 6 85.3 3. 4 13. 4 2.63 0 0 5.3 3.38 3.73 5.75 1.3 3.44 76 10. 8 18 5 10 6 23 8 13 2 29 0 15 8 28 0 10 1 15 6 57.3 6 29.3 2.65 7.46 92 18.8 1.8 1. 4 3.3 2 14. 4 3.65 7.5 0.54 16 1. 2 3.65 7.6 2. 4 3.6 6.Calculation table WATERPLANE 0.65 7.6 6.65 7. 81 LCF AR EA 10.91 3.54 2 4 1 7 12 0. 64 26. 43 58. 9 33 . 2 21.6 1.46 6. 2 3.8 5. 52 7.2 WATERPLANE 1 half full f(A BREA brea SM ) DTH dth 0 0 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 22.65 7. 4 13. 4 3. 7 0 18 58 STAT ION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f( M) 0 0 0 0 0 11 2 83 20 4 11 7 26 3 14 6 32 1 17 5 33 5 15 3 27 2 11 2 20 4 9. 2 26.92 84 29.0 4 0 17 8. 2 3.82 6. 2 3. 36 79.3 6 29.3 3.

9 278 . 7 14.71 3.1 148 . 48 322.37 4.84 4.82 6.4 2 2.5 7.35 3.42 7.42 7.71 3. 96 378 180.71 3.1 360 .36 6. 2 AREA 9.94 6.71 3.75 3.28 5. 3 ARE A LCF 91.14 2. 6 90 210 120 270 150 330 180 378.5 7. 4 2.79 5.74 8 22.75 3.15 2.5 7. 8 12.62 4. 24 285 6 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADT H WATERPLANE 2 full f(A bread SM ) th 1 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 9.37 1. 84 134 89.7 2 32 5 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 18. 56 190.2 154 .09 0 0 0 4.42 7.6 44 107 . 6 25.64 4.75 3.75 3.18 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(A ) 0 0 0 0 9.1 8 27 6 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M ) 0 0 0 0 39.5 7.41 3.47 3.STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 1.42 7.75 3.42 6.4 326 .28 6.81 2. 8 27. 7 14.42 7.8 337 . 8 29. 04 207 .5 half full BREADT bread SM H th 1 0 0 0 0 0 2. 32 48. 3 19 2.9 6 3132 .64 3. 1 13.6 8 16.7 267 . 1 15 30 15 30 15 30 15 29.82 2.3 5.9 175 .5 178 .72 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 13 29.42 7.5 7.9 6 66.5 7. 8 29.2 34 . 2 11.98 6.25 3. 6 22.05 1.58 3 3.71 3.28 7.5 7.74 2. 8 29.5 7.64 3. 5 9.71 3.9 6 26.49 3. 7 14.75 3.8 118 .9 6 52 145. 8 14.1 2.71 3.7 7.75 3. 4 2.42 2.8 LCF 10.8 39.

62 . 56 185.74 7.2 30 4 3.87 3.8 4 26.77 7.8 4 154.74 7. 6 152 .33 4.5 15 2 3.7 7.3 152 .74 3.0 8 84 59. 8 340.62 . 84 278.8 13 20 .3 412 .98 5.5 half full S f( BREA bread M A) DTH th 4.8 3 38 2 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 23.5 31 15 .62 .81 7.62 .62 .1 6.87 3.1 203 .72 5. 68 57.2 30 4 3.63 7.3 182 .4 30 4 3.25 2.48 7.81 7. 72 123.75 3.32 6.33 4.03 6.6 1.9 274 .87 3. 4 210 432 208 353.74 7.2 6. 6 54 339 9.54 .4 121 .87 3.66 66 23 4 2. 1 1.81 7. 8 92.9 35 .8 15 28 .62 . 76 400.5 6.5 31 15 .96 .87 3.81 7.5 31 15 .8 half full f( BREA bread SM A) DTH th 4. 56 331 2 STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 2.2 3 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 13 28 15 31 15 .5 27 4 3.74 7.74 7.64 .6 14 2 3.1 26 4 3.81 7.4 335 .4 91.2 14 2 3.5 15 2 3.5 30 .6 7.9 392 .5 15 2 3.44 6.2 . 64 154.62 .8 8 216.4 345 .74 7.2 30 4 3. 24 79.5 15 2 3. 76 24.87 3.8 12 2 3.26 .5 5.54 5.5 12 2 3.9 08 125 .87 3.5 3.92 92 37 0 8.6 3.66 66 21 4 2.87 3.62 .52 7 7.3 2.74 7.2 30 4 3. 44 213 . 1 2.5 7.81 7.44 .8 198 .26 3.46 2.4 20 4 2.74 7. 1 2.88 .81 7.06 .STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 2. 95 12 2 LEV ER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M ) 0 21.8 LCF ARE A LCF ARE A 8.4 52.81 7.85 3.08 .2 .8 3.

8 156 343.8 7.8 7.97 3.88 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7.6 218.8 LCF AREA 8.89 3. 8 213.0 8 3549 .STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 3 full half breadt SM BREADTH h 2. 8 15.94 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3.9 6 156 93. 2 31. 4 227.39 3. 3 29.9 3.8 7.62 3.84 6 36 .8 7. 2 15. 1 15. 48 55.78 7. 8 357. 6 213. 5 16 32 16 32 16 32 16 31.2 4 157.0 6 40 1 LEVE R 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 27. 4 21 3.88 7. 2 15.87 3.24 7.81 3.26 3. 6 31.38 6.36 3.5 full half f(A breadt SM BREADTH ) h 5.89 3.69 3.9 3.8 27.1 5.8 7.53 6.72 3.7 1 2. 6 15.9 3. 6 31.76 6 3.0 2 38 8 LEVE R 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) STATI ON 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 0 24. 8 31 14.9 3. 9 442.3 6 344 6 WATERPLANE 3.8 7. 6 31.9 2 60.1 3.8 8 12 8 LCF AREA 132.74 7. 7 54.68 1.9 3.1 2 85. 2 364. 6 96 224 128 288 160 352 192 412.72 3.78 7. 88 220.2 8 62.16 7. 6 31. 64 464.44 7.44 6.88 5.78 7.9 3. 2 404.68 5. 5 29.06 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 27 14.9 3.64 7.94 3.55 2. 6 31.8 7.62 7. 4 3.38 3. 2 187.2 6. 8 280. 8 13.0 4 28. 4 124. 2 21. 2 15.02 1 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(A ) 5.4 4 24.51 5.9 6 89. 5 13. 6 28. 8 15.82 3.63 1. 2 15.9 3.8 7.76 7.94 7.4 8.58 3.34 2.

08 404.68 1.6 233 364.4 15.82 28.2 62.56 158.44 3.4 96 224 128 288 160 352 192 413.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 2.52 3.78 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 28.16 29.8 full SM breadth 5.36 4 3.72 3.68 16 32 16 32 16 32 16 31.84 15.82 2 7.92 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 7.44 2 7.91 3.5 55.91 3.96 3.54 WATERPLANE 3.58 f(A) 5.04 4 7.64 2.98 3.88 30.08 1 LCF AREA 8.9 221.8 3.84 31.96 4 7.16 14.6 4 7.76 91.28 2 5.92 2 7.56 21.8 471.96 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3.86 4 7.8202 133.64 31.44 14.44 3570 37 .93 3.82 1 7.

38 .1. A larger metacentric height implies greater initial stability against overturning.11.6.1.5.1. W = The vessel’s displacement in tonnes GML = The longitudinal metacentric height in meters L = Vessels length (LBP) in meters. TPCi = ( area of waterplane x 1cm) x density of sea water.Moment to change trim by one centimeter (MCTi) The MCT 1 cm is the moment required to change the trim of the vessel by 1 cm and may be calculated by using the formula: MCT 1 cm = W x GML/100L Where.4. It is calculated as the distance between the centre of gravity of a ship and its metacentre.Metacentric height in transverse & longitudinal sections (BMT & BML) The metacentric height (GM) is a measurement of the initial static stability of a floating body. 11.Tones per centimeter immersion (TPCi) It is the amount of load in tones required to change of draft in 1 cm. 11. Since compared to ships size 1cm is approximately equal to the water plane at particular draft.

The volume of displacement in m3. The metacentre can be calculated using the formulae: KM = KB + BM BM = I/V KB or VCB. at larger angles of heel the metacentre can no longer be considered fixed and other means must be found to calculate the ship's stability. 23 All of these calculation helps to draw the hydrostatic curves 39 . however. KM .The centre of buoyancy (height above the keel) I .The Second moment of area of the waterplane in m4 V .The metacentre is considered to be fixed for small angles of heel.The distance from the keel to the metacentre.

Fig: Hydrostatic curve 40 .

STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 0.91 5.38 2 1.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 13.3 2.6 4 3.4 3.Hydrostatic parameters for different water level is shown in tabular form.6 5.2 21.3 6.4 13.429 58.6 2 3.26 1 0 0 LCF AREA 10.2 26.84 184.04 0 178.82 4 3.52 7.68 0 1858.69 5.8 4 0.5 41 .6 2 0.4 158.2 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 0 0 0 0 69.6 85.6 132 290.8 156 57.6 4 1.3 6.6 4 3.8 105.3 6.9 1.2 10.6 2 3.6 4 2.2 26.6 2 3.806 f(A) 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.64 26.76 100.5 half full SM BREADTH breadth 1 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 4 0 0 2 2.8 3.4 279.4 13.6 237.63 1.

3 6.92 7.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 1 half full SM BREADTH breadth 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.2 14.92 18.72 2507.2 175.04 204.27 1.88 272.6 6.22 2.3 7.65 3.87 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 0 0 0 112 83.4 112 204 9.46 3.75 1.88 152.65 3.27 LCF 0 0 0 0 5.65 3.3 7.2 334.2 14.44 5.46 4.2 14.76 10.8 262.4 116.8 146 321.16 7 12 0.54 242 79.54 3.65 3.4 13.54 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 10.65 3.6 25.3 7.73 2.6 29.5 0.3 7.6 29.65 3.84 29.36 AREA f(A) 0 0 0 0 0 22.8 3.3 42 .3 7.5 3 0.

76 118.84 337.1 2.84 29.71 3.68 14.47 3.18 LCF 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(A) 0 0 0 0 9.88 175.3406 AREA 91.2 154.22 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 0 0 39.4 326.71 3.68 14.71 3.04 207.81 2.84 29.96 26.7 7.28 5.42 2.12 148.84 4.42 6.8 39.5 full SM breadth 1 0 0 0 0 4.98 6.8 14.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 0 0 0 0 2.68 14.48 9.56 22.4 2.71 3.42 7.42 7.68 16.71 3.62 4.05 1.42 7.24 2856.09 WATERPLANE 1.71 3.49 3.18 276.14 2.28 10.84 134 89.72 267.42 7.76 12.88 278.94 6.48 178.84 27.1526 43 .08 360.71 3.84 29.35 3.42 7.42 7.

5 7.74 2.5 7.5 7.6441 107.5 7.64 3.32 13 29.75 3.96 66.28 7.15 2.74 5.75 3.75 3.64 25.64 3.5 7.32 48.75 3.96 2.2 11.25 3.96 52 145.48 22.36 WATERPLANE 2 full SM breadth 1 0 0 4.5 7.37 1.5 7.75 3.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 0 0 2.82 6.2 44 .8 9.82 2.41 3.5 7.37 2.72 324.48 322.79 3.58 6.28 6.96 3132.28 18.3 5.72 LCF AREA 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(A) 0 0 9.8 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 0 18.12 13.12 15 30 15 30 15 30 15 29.96 378 180.56 190.6 90 210 120 270 150 330 180 378.75 3.75 3.64 4.

56 14.44 213.24 30.81 3.62 7.2 7.03 3.66 21.32 3.8 198.26 6.24 79.81 3.54 1.5 full SM breadth 1 4.92 LCF AREA 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 8.4 91.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 2.63 3.72 3.46 WATERPLANE 2.4 20.33 2.1726 f(A) 4.52 12.62 7.81 3.66 5.32 2.56 3311.62 7.08 203.36 121.52 27.81 3.54 7.4 345.44 6.24 30.12 26.9456 122.81 3.88 392.84 45 .08 2.76 12.2 5.62 7.6 152.76 24.92 274.28 412.64 7.81 3.1 2.24 30.88 6.06 6.48 15.48 15.6 3.28 182.81 3.44 52.62 7.48 15.92 370.22 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 21.68 57.4 30.24 30.4 335.77 3.81 3.32 152.62 7.62 7.62 7.16 14.44 3.48 15.

8 13 20.25 2.66 23.96 3.74 7.85 3.6 54 3399.76 400.74 7.08 84 59.87 3.74 7.74 3.96 30.4 210 432 208 353.5 5.84 154.74 7.5 LCF AREA 6.96 15.96 15.52 7 7.96 15.84 13.48 30.907824 125.48 7.8 3 381.75 3.87 3.26 3.9478 46 .88 216.74 7.2 3 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 f(A) 4.76 8.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 WATERPLANE 2.48 30.64 154.87 3.48 30.56 185.66 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 23.98 5.6 3.96 15.87 3.84 278.2 6.74 7.74 7.72 123.84 26.6 1.8 340.7 7.5 7.66 4 2.87 3.8 92.8 half full SM BREADTH breadth 1 2.87 3.87 3.33 4.5 3.48 30.04 28 14.74 7.87 3.8 15 28.

72 3.26 4 3.8 4 7.39 3.92 60.2 4 6.02 388.6 31.8 27.2 15.8 2 7.28 29.36 21.2 404.6 218.56 28.6 31.64 15.12 15.6 31.69 3.24 31.8 2 7.36 3445.78 2 7.63 1.34 2.9 3.8 4 7.88 47 .92 442.2 15.2 187.68 54.16 4 7.1 3.81 3.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 2.02 1 LCF AREA 8.58 3.68 2 5.78 4 7.8 13.38 4 6.76 357.8 280.22 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 24.64 2 7.9 3.876101 128.9 3.6 31.52 13.12 85.9 3.8 2 7.44 24.8 2 7.1126 f(A) 5.9 3.82 3.9 3.89 3.56 213.8 213.9 3.44 1 6.9 3.62 2 7.2 15.51 WATERPLANE 3 full SM breadth 5.8 4 7.04 3.8 4 7.8 156 343.2 15.96 156 93.4 124.

88 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 7.89 3.4 227.04 28.88 220.76 27.64 464.94 2 7.62 3.94 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3.48 29.52 16 32 16 32 16 32 16 31.38 3.846 f(A) 5.06 LCF 132.96 14.76 15.08 3549.87 3.97 3.53 WATERPLANE 3.76 4 6.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 2.76 30.44 3.74 2 7.88 3.72 3.56 31.44 2 7.3 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 27.5 full SM breadth 1 5.76 15.24 157.96 89.2 364.28 62.88 4 7.2 21.06 401.36 1 3.1 4 5.8 AREA 48 .6 96 224 128 288 160 352 192 412.78 4 7.24 4 7.76 2 7.04 14.94 3.48 55.55 2.43 8.68 1.

44 3.92 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 8 4 8 2 7.16 14.6 232.91 3.16 29.78 LEVER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 f(M) 0 28.24 49 .64 31.52 3.44 2 7.84 31.5774 f(A) 5.96 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3.72 3.96 3.96 364.92 221.2 62.08 1 LCF AREA 8.96 4 7.54 WATERPLANE 3.76 91.76 471.04 4 7.44 3570.48 55.82 1 7.92 2 7.4 15.82 28.820199 133.6 4 7.86 4 7.56 21.91 3.44 14.8 3.STATION 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 half BREADTH 2.8 full SM breadth 5.08 404.84 15.82 2 7.28 2 5.68 16 32 16 32 16 32 16 31.68 1.93 3.88 30.4 96 224 128 288 160 352 192 413.56 158.64 2.98 3.36 4 3.

The vessel has a double continuous deck with forecastle deck and six tiers of deckhouse and as raked stem and transom stern. Transverse framing is adopted in fore peak region. side shell. inner shell bulkheads and longitudinal bulkheads are longitudinally framed. The capacities and centroids of the major spaces have been shown in the “Capacity Plan”. aft peak region and machinery space region. inner bottom. The volume below deck is subdivided into: ─ machinery space ─ cargo spaces ─ ballast spaces ─ pump room The requirements that must be met are: ─ Volume requirements ─ Adequate trim and stability ─ Structural integrity ─ Watertight subdivision and integrity ─ Adequate access to spaces 50 . 12. refer “General Arrangement Plan”. deck.1 Introduction The vessel has been designed as a double skin platform supply vessel with machinery space and all accommodation including navigation bridge located at the forward.General Arrangement 12.2 Frame spacing and bulkhead disposition The bottom shell. For details of subdivision of the hull under the upper deck by means of water tight bulkheads.12.

The drawings are not the scale.3 Sketches A typical general arrangement of the vessel is given below.12. 51 .

Funnel has sufficient height to prevent smoke nuisance at bridge and Accommodation areas.Each windlass provided with two declutch cable wire drums and two warping heads mounted on the shaft. Windlass is designed so as to be capable of lifting one bower anchor . grade 2 = Electro Hydraulic Anchor Windlass = 1 unit 25 Tons = 1 x 1000W x 10”Dia. A weather tight door with ladder has been provided at the side of the funnel on casing top for alternate escape route from engine room. x 30M = 2 x 360kgs Stockless Anchor = Total 9 Length x 17. Deck machinery Deck machinery has been arranged as shown in the general arrangement plan. Navigation bridge have been extended to the full breadth of the vessel. All doors are provided with nameplates. Mooring rope Anchor Anchor Chain Anchor Windlass Towing Hook Search Light Rubber Fenders = 3 Lengths x 40mm Dia. 750 mm width and 1800 mm height. = 18pcs x used 1000 tyres & 1 pc x used 1400 tyre Doors The door sizes fitted are of approx. Windlass.12.4 Superstructure External bulkheads and decks of superstructure and deck house are of steel construction. Mooring winches are provided as shown in the General Arrangement Plan. mooring winches and deck crane are of electro-hydraulic type. Heavy weather tight steel doors are provided at weather-exposed entrances. 52 .5mm Stud Link.

5 Accommodation The requirements should includes 1. Means for closing the opening to be provided. one on each side. Crew accommodation fwd. 400 x 600 mm in accommodation rooms Approx. 53 . b) Protection of crew against weather. They are of the vertical self-stowing type. Bulkheads connecting two galleys. sanitary space.A plan. gas tight. 12. All bulkheads should be of steel. 2. 600 x 700 mm in public rooms Material : Aluminium alloy. cargo spaced tanks etc should be watertight. c) Insulation from heat and cold. If in contact with weather they have to be gas tight and watertight. laundry etc should be gastight and watertight up to a certain height. Material ─ Al alloy Width ─ Approx. 6. are provided on the upper deck as ahown in the G. 800 mm Windows The sizes of windows fitted are: Square windows : Approx. 3.Accommodation Ladder Two accommodation ladders. Protection: a) Protection of crew against injury. Bulkheads connecting crew space with store. Floors to be properly covered. 4. 5.

smoking rooms and recreation rooms. Recreation are on the open deck. 1 air ventilator diameter 8” 4. e) Protection from effluent originating in various compartments.6 PAINTING AND CATHODIC PROTECTION PAINTING GENERAL All steel plate are to be shot blasted Sa 2. Separate sleeping rooms for officers. No direct opening between accommodation and stores. 9. 7. 11.d) Protection from moisture. Side scuttles can be opened in sleeping rooms. f) Protection from noise. 54 . Mess room should be able to accommodate all officers at the same time. 1 single bowl stainless steel sink with 2. loose galley equipment such as pot. mess rooms. 5. 10. officers crew : 2member : 6member Total : 8 member GALLEY 1. 12. 3 spare power point. 8. 1 stainless steel 2 doors refrigerator 3. for 8 crews. chief engineers etc. 12.5 and primed with one coat epoxy primer before fabrication (about 20 microns dry film thickness) or Care must be taken to ensure the surfaces are free of all kinds of contamination. Recreation room should accommodate 1/3rd of the officers. pan cutlery.

W. Keel to Waterline  1 coat Epoxy 15039  1 coats Epoxy 45889  2 coats Antifouling 80900 Waterline to Deck  1 coat Epoxy 15309  2 coats Epoxy 15139 Main Deck  1 coat Epoxy 15309  2 coats Epoxy 45889 F.O.  1 coat 15309  1 coat Enamel White 52140 30mic 60mic 55 . Tanks  1 coat Epoxy 15039  2 coats Epoxy 15409 Bilge. Other specifications of equal standard would be acceptable. crew Accommodation. Tank 1 coat Red Oxide 30mic 60mic 30mic 120mic 30mic 100mic Dry Film Thickness 30mic 50mic 125mic 30mic 150mic 25mic Exterior/ Interior of Superstructure. Chain Locker & SWB Tanks    1 coat Epoxy 15309 2 coats Epoxy 15139 F. Engine Room & Stores & Steering Gear. Void Spaces.PAINTING SCHEMES Following specifications based on Hempel Coating System are for guidance.

System Cold : blue 4) Fuel Oil : brown 5) Lub Oil : yellow 6) Hydraulic Oil : purple 7) Sea Suctions : green 8) Seawater cooling : light green 12. Fire Extinguisher = 8 x 9kgs dry chemical and 1 x 40 Ltr. Wheeled Form Or as per Safety plan Portable emergency Diesel Pump = One(1) unit Ø 1½” ELECTRICAL Electrical fittings use to be of good quality wiring system are comply with classification society’s requirements. Life Raft = 2 x 8men inflatable life raft Life Buoys = Eight (8) life buoy Life Jacket = Fourteen (8) life jackets complete with light and whistle FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT Fire Main = Three (3) x 1 ½ fire hydrant with coupling and nozzles Fire Man Outfit = One (1) complete set . total of 8kg x 20pcs zinc anode or equal 12.W.7 PIPEWORK COLOURING All exposed piping system are to be identified with color bands in accordance with the following schemes: 1) Bilge & ballast : black 2) Fire main : bright red 3) F.8 LIFE SAVING AND FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT To be accordance with Requirement of Singapore Marine Department for as per safety plan Tug Boat with a total complement of eight men. 56 .CATHODIC PROTECTION Zinc anodes are to be bolted the immersed loaded hull rudders and inside of the sea chest.

DC Supply From batteries. 415/ 4/ 50 running in single. RADAR with plotting facility 4. 12. 3) Anchor lights ─ All round white light at forward mast. 5) Towing light ─ Yellow light at forward mast. The tug shall be fitted with the following equipment which must be maintained in good working order: 1. Fitted on the sides of navigation bridge. 2) Side lights ─ Red light on port side and green light on starboard. Marine VHF radiotelephone installation 7. Rudder Angle. Echo sounder 5. Facility to take compass bearings 3. 4) Stern light ─ White light at extreme aft. 2x 150 N and 2X150 N as per classification requirement.9 Navigation lights Navigation lights provided as per SOLAS requirements 1) Masthead light ─ one on forward mast and one on navigational mast. RPM. variable pitch and bow thrust indicators (if fitted) 6. Compass 2. Electronic Position Fixing Receiver 8.AC Supply From 2 x 28 kw diesel driven generator set. Mobile telephone 57 .

44 3.27 2.99 0.44 5.42 4.41 13.984 0.44 4.99 16.37 4.87 58 .32 1.476 1.2 17. Aside from their relationship to ship operating revenue.4 16.9 5.44 4.34 0.12 5.47 2.47 2.33 4.39 1.2 16.41 5.39 4.3 2. The weights and center of gravities of these items are indispensable to stability and trim studies.25 9.35 1.71 7.28 0.WINGS)2 FPT(PORT)1 FPT(STARBD)2 SWT(PORT) BWT(PORT)3 BWT(STARBOARD)4 BWT(PORT)5 BWT(STARBOARD)6 BWT(PORT)7 BWT(STARBOARD)8 HYROLIC OIL TANK BWT(STARBOARD)9 LOCATION (between stations) 0-2 0-2 2--5 2--5 5--6 5--6 12--16 12--16 16--17 16--17 17--19 17--19 7--9 5--7 5--7 6--7 6--7 4--5 4--5 5--6 7--9 VOLUME 3.48 0.74 1.06 2.12 LCG 0.57 0.78 16.59 0.4 6.87 VCG 2.WINGS)1 FWT(STARBD.13 Detailed Capacity Calculations and Drawings 13.78 13.39 6.39 0.27 1.45 7.33 6.9 6.42 5. capacity calculations include locating center of gravity of all spaces containing significant dead weight items.74 0.57 1.45 1.1 Introduction The cargo hold capacity is estimated for checking to carry out capacity of the vessel. TANK NAME BWT(PORT)1 BWT(STARBOARD)2 FOT(PORT)1 FOT(STARBD)2 DT(PORT)1 LUBE OIL TANK FOT(PORT)3 FOT(STARBD)4 FWT(PORT.984 3.59 9.28 1.06 0.35 5.34 2.476 1.3 2.45 17. Table shows tank capacity & centre of gravity.45 5.25 3.32 0.

02 1. stores and ballast water are to be determined. displacement at any loading condition is the sum of the corresponding weight components.The capacities of tanks/compartments are determined using computer softwares like Autocad/MS excel.6946 59 .2 Loading conditions Procedure The LCG of the lightship mass is known.5 0.218 38. 13. 1) Fully loaded departure condition with 90% component Loaded departure Sr No Light weight Total fresh water (90%) Total ballast water (90%) Total Fuel oil tank (90%) Total sewage Human weight Food(10days) LUBE OIL TANK (90%) Dirty oil tank TOTAL WEIGHT component weight(T) 145 9. Table indicates the moulded capacities of respective tanks/compartments along with their location and centre of gravity.9376 0 1. Since the displacement at each condition is known. Therefore. The mass and center of gravity of cargo.234 34.784971 0 230. The range of loading conditions which a ship might experience varies with its type and the service in which it is engaged.

026 34.02 1.3264 3.888 1.218 4.2) Arrival condition with 10% component Loaded arrival Sr No 1 Light weight 2 Total fresh water (10%) 3 Total ballast water (90%) 4 Total Fuel oil tank (10%) 5 Total sewage (90%) 6 Human weight 7 Food(10days) 8 LUBE OIL TANK (10%) 9 Dirty oil tank (50%) TOTAL WEIGHT component weight(T) 145 1.234 34.5 0.218 38.41184 189.9775 3) Ballast departure condition with 90% component Ballast departure sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 component Light weight Total fresh water (90%) Total ballast water (90%) Total Fuel oil tank (90%) Total sewage Human weight Food(10days) LUBE OIL TANK (90%) Dirty oil tank TOTAL WEIGHT weight(T) 145 9.9376 0 1.087219 0.02 0 0.6945 60 .7849 0 230.

41184 189.3264 3.02 0 0.087 0.218 4.9775 5) Ballast arrival condition with 10% component Light ship Sr No 1 Light weight 2 Total fresh water 3 Total ballast water 4 Total Fuel oil tank 5 Total sewage 6 human weight 7 food(10days) 8 Lube oil tank 9 Dirty oil tank TOTAL WEIGHT component weight(T) 145 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 145 61 .026 34.888 1.4) Ballast arrival condition with 10% component Ballast arrival sr No 1 Light weight 2 Total fresh water (10%) 3 Total ballast water (90%) 4 Total Fuel oil tank (10%) 5 Total sewage ( 90%) 6 Human weight 7 Food(10days) 8 LUBE OIL TANK (10%) 9 Dirty oil tank (50%) TOTAL WEIGHT component weight(T) 145 1.

Ocean Towing Tug . or from one voyage to the next. 62 .  Hydrostatic curves are useful in loading and stability studies during the design phase. etc. Conclusion  One of the principal uses of Bonjean Curves is determining volume of displacement of the tug at any level or trimmed waterline.  Loading condition of Harbor tug provides a ship's stability. and hence may vary considerably during the course of a voyage. shape. we also study the tug structure. stability. uses of bonjean curve.14.  While we making the hydrostatic curve of Harbor.

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