So you want to play with Oracle 11g’s RAC? Here’s how.

Installing Oracle 11g RAC on virtual servers using VMware. This post describes the installation of Oracle 11g RAC on virtual servers.Hardware The following hardware was used for the installation:
Operating Processor Memory system Windows XP Intel P4 3Ghz 3Gb SP2 (32 bit) HDD’s 1 x 160Gb 7200rpm & 1x 250Gb 7200rpm. Both on Ultra ATA Controllers

You‘ll need at least 3Gb of RAM for this installation as the virtual machines will be configured with 1Gb of RAM each, leaving 1Gb for the host operating system. The virtual machines further requires a total of 40Gb of storage. Software  Oracle 11g ( Database & Clusterware Software  Oracle Enterprise Linux 4 (Update 5)  VMware Server 1.0.3 General For obvious reason this installation should never be used for Production or Development purposes. This type of environment is however extremely helpful if you want to learn and understand Oracle RAC and you do not have access to traditional hardware resources. Virtual Machines

I used VMware Server (1.0.3) to facilitate my virtual machines. If you have not done so already download the software here. You‘ll need to register to get an activation code, but it is a free product. Configure your first virtual machine: 1. Install VMware Server and launch.

2. Select ‗local host‘ and ‗OK‘ to close the pop-up window. 3. Select ‗New Virtual Machine‘ from the VMware Server Console to create the hardware specification for your first virtual machine.

4. This will launch the ‗New Virtual Machine Wizard‘. ‗Next‘ to continue.

I‘ve settled for Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.5. Select ‗Custom‘ to allow you to customize the virtual machine.5 (which is a rebranded version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux ). ‗Next‘ to continue. . therefore select ‗Linux‘ as the Guest Operating System and ‗Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4‘ as the Version. 6.

Name your virtual machine and select a location to store the files. I‘ve created them as follows: Virtual Machine 1 E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\rac1 Virtual Machine 2 E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\rac2 Shared Storage E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\share . You need to create separate directories for your virtual machines. We will be creating 2 virtual machines with shared storage. 7. ‗Next‘ to continue.Oracle Enterprise Linux 5 is not yet supported on VMware Server. Also create a separate directory for your shared storage. I‘ve named the virtual machines: EL4_11gRAC1 and EL4_11gRAC2.

9.8. ‗Next‘ to continue. Set Access Rights. . Deselect ‗Make this virtual machine private‘.

.Keep the default Startup/Shutdown Options (Run this virtual machines as the user that powers on the virtual machine).10. ‗Next‘ to continue.

.11. Keep the Processor Configuration default (One). ‗Next‘ to continue.

‗Next‘ to continue.12. . Allocate 1Gb of memory for your virtual machine.

13. Keep the default network type (bridged networking). . ‗Next‘ to continue.

‗Next‘ to continue.14. Keep the default I/O Adapter Type (LSI Logic). .

‗Next‘ to continue.15. Keep the default setting to create a new virtual disk. .

Keep the default disk type (SCSI). Specify a disk capacity of 20Gb for your local disk. Oracle Database software and a staging area.16. ‗Next‘ to continue. We need enough space for the Linux installation. Oracle Clusterware software. 17. Make sure to deselect ‗Allocate all disk space now‘ and select ‗Split disk into 2Gb files‘. .

‗Next‘ to continue. .

Select ‗Edit virtual machine settings‘ from the Commands section on the VMware Server Console. Edit your virtual machine settings to add the shared disks and an additional network card. Specify a filename for your virtual disk (localdisk. 19.vmdk) and create it in the directory for your first virtual machine (E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\rac1). ‗Next‘ to continue. ‗Next‘ to .18.


This will bring up a settings window.20. Select ‗Add‘ to add new hardware. . This will launch the ‗Add New Hardware‘ wizard.

21. Select ‗Ethernet Adapter‘ to add an additional network card. ‗Next‘ to continue. . We will use this to configure the private interconnect.

‗Next‘ to continue.22. 23. This time around select ‗Host-only‘ as the network type. Launch the New Hardware Wizard again to add the following SCSI disks: Purpose Database files Database files Database files Oracle Cluster Registry Voting Disk Size 3Gb 3Gb 3Gb 300Mb 300Mb Virtual device node SCSI 1:0 SCSI 1:1 SCSI 1:2 SCSI 1:3 SCSI 1:4 .

24. Select ‗Hard Disk‘ to add a new harddisk. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

25. Select ‗Create a new virtual disk‘. ‗Next‘ to continue.

26. Select ‗SCSI‘ as the disk type. ‗Next‘ to continue.

27.Allocate disk space as per the table in step 22. This time around keep the default options (‗Allocate all disk space now‘ selected and ‗Split disk into 2Gb files‘ deselected). ‗Next‘ to continue.

vmdk) and save it to the shared disk folder (E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\share ). Give the new disk a descriptive name (datadisk1.28. . ‗Next‘ to continue.

29. Once the new disk has been created. select it and click on the ‗Advanced‘ button to edit. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

31. Change the Virtual device node as per the table in step 22 and change the Mode to ‗Independent‘ and ‗Persistent‘.30. ‗Next‘ to continue.vmx).present = ―TRUE‖ .version = ―4″ scsi0. Once all the disks have been added edit the virtual machine configuration file (E:\Virtual Machines\RAC\rac11g\rac1\Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.version = ―8″ virtualHW. 32. Repeat steps 23 to 29 until all the disks in the table in step 22 have been configured. but first close the Virtual Machine Settings screen to save the changes to the configuration file.Add the parameters in bold blue below to the configuration file in order to enable disk sharing:config.

locking = “FALSE” diskLib.present = ―TRUE‖ .vmdk‖ scsi1:0.present = ―TRUE‖ displayName = ―EL4_11gRAC1″ guestOS = ―rhel4″ priority.fileName = ―rac1_localdisk.fileName = ―auto detect‖ ide1:0.dataCachePageSize = “0″ scsi1.virtualDev = ―lsilogic‖ memsize = ―768″ scsi0:0.deviceType = ―cdrom-raw‖ floppy0.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi1:0.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi0:0.dataCacheMinReadAheadSize = “0″ diskLib.ungrabbed = ―normal‖ disk.present = ―TRUE‖ ide1:0.scsi0.fileName = ―E:\Virtual Machines\rac\rac11g\share\datadisk1.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi1:0.vmdk‖ ide1:0.dataCacheMaxSize = “0″ diskLib.mode = ―independent-persistent‖ scsi1:0.deviceType = “disk” scsi1:1.present = ―FALSE‖ Ethernet0.grabbed = ―normal‖ priority.dataCacheMaxReadAheadSize = “0″ diskLib.sharedBus = “virtual” scsi1.

virtualDev = ―lsilogic‖ ide1:0. download the Oracle Enterprise Linux 4 (Update 5) files fromhere and unzip.vmdk‖ scsi1:3.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi1:4.deviceType = “disk” scsi1:4.vmdk‖ scsi1:1.mode = ―independent-persistent‖ scsi1:2. Once unzipped you should have the following cd image files: .present = ―TRUE‖ You have now successfully configured your first virtual machine.autodetect = ―TRUE‖ Ethernet1.deviceType = “disk” scsi1:2.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi1:2. If you have not done so already.fileName = ―E:\Virtual Machines\rac\rac11g\share\datadisk2.fileName = ―E:\Virtual Machines\rac\rac11g\share\votingdisk. We‘ll clone this at a later stage to provide for the second virtual machine.vmdk‖ scsi1:4.fileName = ―E:\Virtual Machines\rac\rac11g\share\datadisk3. Install Oracle Enterprise Linux You are now ready to install Linux on the virtual machine.present = ―TRUE‖ scsi1:3.deviceType = “disk” scsi1:3.mode = ―independent-persistent‖ scsi1:1.scsi1:1.mode = ―independent-persistent‖ scsi1:3.deviceType = “disk” scsi1.mode = ―independent-persistent‖ scsi1:4.fileName = ―E:\Virtual Machines\rac\rac11g\share\ocrdisk.vmdk‖ scsi1:2.

To start the installation select ‗Edit virtual machine settings‘ from the main VMware Server Console.iso Enterprise-R4-U5-i386-disc4.iso Enterprise-R4-U5-i386-disc2. Under ‗Connection‘ select ‗Use ISO image‘ and browse to and select the ISO image for the Linux installation disk 1 (Enterprise-R4-U5-i386-disc1.iso). .Enterprise-R4-U5-i386-disc1. Select the CD-ROM drive.‘OK‘ to continue.iso Install Linux: 1.iso Enterprise-R4-U5-i386-disc3.

3. Press ‗Enter‘ to select to install in graphical mode. .2. The virtual machine will now boot from the CD-ROM and start the Linux installer. Select ‗Skip‘ on the following screen to skip media testing. Select ‗Start this virtual machine‘ to start it up.

The graphical installer will now launch.4. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

Make your language selection. ‗Next‘ to continue. .5.

. Select your keyboard configuration. ‗Next‘ to continue.6.

‗Next‘ to continue. 8. .7. Select ‗Manually partition with Disk Druid‘. Select ‗Yes‘ for all warning messages that indicate the partition table was unreadable.

9.To partition the local disk select the free space on /dev/sda and select ‗Edit‘ to add partitions. Select ‗Next‘ to continue once done. Add all partitions as in the table above to /dev/sda. Partition local disk Partition the local disk (/dev/sda) as follows: Mount point /swap /tmp / /u01 Size 2048Mb 1024Mb 4096Mb 13312Mb 10. Do not configure the other disks at this stage. .

Remember to make these changes throughout the rest of the installation. Please note: Configure the public IP address for your virtual machines so that they are on the same network (192.168.startoracle.10.1 in my case) as your host machine.10. ‗Next‘ to Network Network device type eth0 Public eth1 Private IP address 192.50 13.1.1. in my case) to your own.168. Network configuration Configure the network as follows: Hostname rac1. You can also change the domain name (startoracle.50 10. Keep the default boot loader configuration. .

Enter the Netmask: 255. Tick both network devices to be ‗Active on boot‘: Select each device and select ‗Edit‘ to edit advanced settings: Deselect ‗Configure using DHCP‘ Enter the IP address as per the table above. Repeat for interface eth1: .

com Set the Gateway: 192.1.1.Set the hostname: rac1.startoracle.168.1 .1 Set the Primary DNS: 192.168.

.‗Next‘ to continue when done.

15. Disable the firewall and SELinux. ‗Next‘ to continue.

16. Select additional language support. ‗Next‘ to continue.

17. Select your time zone. ‗Next‘ to continue.

‗Next‘ to continue. Set your root password.18. .

Package Group Selection Keep all the default selected package groups and add the following groups: – Legacy Software Development – Graphical Internet (to add Firefox) – Development Tools – System Tools. Also select ‗Details‘ for this group and add the 3 oracleasm packages and the sysstat package. 20. .19. ‗Next‘ to continue. Select ‗Customize software packages to be installed‘.

.‗Next‘ to continue.

Select ‗Next‘ to start the installation. When this happens simply right-click on the CD-ROM icon in the bottom right corner and select the appropriate ISO image file. During the installation you‘ll be prompted to insert the installation cd‘s.21. Select ‗Ok‘ to continue the installation. .

22. . Reboot once installation is done.

finalize the setup. . ‗Next‘ to skip the Welcome screen. After the reboot.23.

Accept the license agreement.24. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

25. Check the date and time and set if incorrect. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

26. ‗Next‘ to continue. Check and set display. .

‗Next‘ to continue. You can skip this.Setup a system user (not the oracle user). .27.

Additional CDs. . No action required. ‗Next‘ to continue.28.

30.29.conf file and set the default option to boot the SMP . Select ‗Next‘ to complete the installation. Ensure that you are using the SMP kernel To ensure you are using this kernel open a terminal window as the root user and enter the following command: uname -rIf the following output is displayed then the correct kernel is used: If any other kernel is used edit the /boot/grub/grub.

.To install VMware tools. log in as root in the virtual machine and select ‗Install VMware Tools…‘ from the VM menu in the VMware Server Console. 32. 31. The first option is 0 and is usually set as the default boot option. Install VMware tools in the virtual machine.kernel. Restart the virtual machine. edit the virtual machine settings to reset the CD-ROM to ‗Use physical drive‘ and ‗Auto detect‘. If the time between the RAC nodes are out of sync installation to the remote node will fail. This is necessary so that the time between the host and virtual machines stay synchronized. At this point power down the virtual machine. the second option is 1 etc. Each kernel boot option starts with the ‗title‘ line.

‗Install‘ to continue. This will mount an image on the cd drive with the installation package.Confirm installation. . Open the cd folder and double-click the VMwareTools package to install.

pl to configure VMware Tools. Add: /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox to Startup Programs. Log out and back in as root. This will add the following line to the Virtual Machine configuration file:tools.Open a terminal window and execute: /usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.Make sure to tick the ‗Time synchronization between the virtual machine and the host operating system‘ box.syncTime = ―TRUE‖ . Select the screen resolution during configuration. On the ‗Applications‘ menu go to ‗Preferences‘. ‗More Preferences‘ and launch ‗Sessions‘.Configure VMware Tools to start every time you login.

33.Minimize the ‗VMware Tools Properties‘ window.conf and add the following options to the kernel /boot/ line of your default (SMP) kernel: . Edit /boot/grub/grub.

clock=pit nosmp noapic nolapic 34. the Oracle Cluster Registry and the Clusterware voting disk: Purpose Database files Database files Size 3Gb 3Gb Virtual device Disk node SCSI 1:0 /dev/sdb SCSI 1:1 /dev/sdc .2.105-2 (CD 3) elfutils-libelf-devel-0. Create disk partitions for shared disks Prepare the following disks that will host the shared database files.1-4 (CD 4) unixODBC-devel-2. Install the following packages from the indicated cd‘s: libaio-devel- (CD 4) 35.

Use the following command to list all disks & partitions: fdisk –l This will list all disks (including /dev/sda which we‘ve already configured). Syncing disks. . [root@rac1 ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb Command (m for help): n Command action e extended p primary partition (1-4) p Partition number (1-4): 1 First cylinder (1-391. default 1): Using default value 1 Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-391. default 391): Using default value 391 Command (m for help): w The partition table has been altered! Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.Repeat the following steps for all disks in the table above: Open a terminal window as the root user and enter the following command (replacing <disk> with the correct disk name): fdisk <disk> 38.Database files 3Gb SCSI 1:2 Oracle Cluster Registry 300Mb SCSI 1:3 Voting Disk 300Mb SCSI 1:4 /dev/sdd /dev/sde /dev/sdf 36. 37.

d/50-udev. ownership and permissions for raw devices will revert to the root owner. minor 81When you restart an Oracle Enterprise Linux 4 system. To prevent this from happening edit the raw devices section of the /etc/udev/permissions. Prepare raw disks Bind the OCR and Voting Disk partitions to raw devices.permissions file to look . To do this edit the file: /etc/sysconfig/rawdevices and add the following lines: /dev/raw/raw1 /dev/sde1 /dev/raw/raw2 /dev/sdf1 Restart the raw devices service for the new settings to take effect: [root@rac1 ~]# service rawdevices restart Assigning devices: /dev/raw/raw1 –> /dev/sde1 /dev/raw/raw1: bound to major 8. minor 65 /dev/raw/raw2 –> /dev/sdf1 /dev/raw/raw2: bound to major 8.The key sequence after entering the fdisk <disk> command is: n [return] p [return] 1 [return] [return] [return] w [return] 39.

wmem_max = 262144 You can issue the following command for these settings to take immediate effect: /sbin/sysctl –p .like the following: 40. Likewise they recommend creating a separate group (crs) for Clusterware administration.core.To create the necessary groups and users execute the following from the command line as the root user: # groupadd -g 501 oinstall # groupadd -g 502 dba # useradd -g oinstall -G dba -s /bin/ksh oracle # passwd oracle 41.core.shmmax = 536870912 net. Create users and groups In Oracle 11g Oracle recommends a new system group (osasm) if you want to separate the ASM administration function from your DBA‘s. Configuring kernel parameters and shell limits Append the following to the /etc/sysctl.ipv4.rmem_max = 4194304 net.sem = 250 32000 100 128 kernel.rmem_default = 4194304 net.wmem_default = 262144 net.core. I will however create a single software owner (oracle) for all Oracle software.core.conf file as the root user: kernel.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000 net.

startoracle.1.61 Inter-connect 10.10.0/crs .60 VIP 192.51 rac2-vip.168.50 192.50 rac2-priv. As root create the following oracle directories and change the ownership to oracle: # mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.startoracle. Add the following entries to the /etc/hosts file as the root user: Public rac1-priv.10.1.startoracle.10.168. The /etc/hosts file should now contain the following entries: Restart the network services to pick up the new settings with the following command: # service restart network rac1 rac2 rac1-vip rac2-vip rac1-priv rac2-priv rac1-vip.168.startoracle.1.60 rac1.startoracle.

# mkdir /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1 # mkdir /u01/Stage11g # chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app # chown oracle:oinstall /u01/Stage11g 45. Set shell limits for the Oracle user As the root user add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file: oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536Add the following as the second last lines in the /etc/pam.d/login file if it does not exist: session required Append the following to the /etc/profile file: if [ $USER = ―oracle‖ ]; then if [ $SHELL = ―/bin/ksh‖ ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi umask 022 fi 46. Install the ASMLib package Download the ASM Lib package from the Oracle Technology Network. Download the package named

‗oracleasmlib-2.0.2-1.i386.rpm‘ under the section ‗Intel IA32 (x86) Architecture‘ and install it as the root user with the following command: # rpm -i oracleasmlib-2.0.2-1.i386.rpm 47. Clone the virtual machine At this point shutdown the virtual machine and copy all the files from the virtual machine‘s directory to the directory for the second virtual machine. Once this is complete add the second virtual machine as follows: Select the ‗Home‘ tab in the VMware Server Console.

Select ‗Open Existing Virtual Machine‘ and browse to the cloned virtual machine directory and select the file ‗Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.vmx‘. The cloned virtual machine will now show up in the VMware Server Console.

Rename the new virtual machine: To rename the virtual machine select ‗Edit virtual machine settings‘ and select the ‗Options‘ tab. Change the virtual machine name (EL4_11gRAC2) and click ‗OK‘ to continue.

Start the new virtual machine (while leaving the old one powered off) and log in as root. When prompted if you want to create a new UUID for the virtual machine select ‗Create‘ and ‗OK‘ to continue.

Upon startup you will be asked to remove the 2 ―old‖ network cards and add ―new‖ network cards. Select ‗Remove Configuration‘ to remove the network cards. You‘ll need to do this twice.

Select ‗Configure‘ to configure the first network card. ‗OK‘ to continue. . Enter the IP configuration for the second virtual machine‘s first network card (Private) as per the table in step 36.

For each network device do the following: . ‗OK‘ to continue. From the ‗Applications‘ menu select ‗System Settings‘ and ‗Network‘ to edit network settings.Select ‗Configure‘ again to configure the second network card and enter the IP configuration for the second virtual machine‘s second network card (Public) as per the table in step 36. Login as the root user and update the network settings.

subnet mask and default gateway. Make sure the IP address is correct for each device – eth0 (the bridged network connection) should be on the public network and eth1 (the host-only network connection) should be on the private network. .Select the device and Select ‗Edit‘. If the settings are incorrect update the IP address.

Select the ‗Hardware Device‘ tab and click ‗Probe‘ to get the new MAC address for the device. Select ‗OK‘ to continue. .

.Select the ‗DNS‘ tab and update the Hostname to From the file menu select ‗Save‘ and ‗Quit‘.

ssh .Perform the following in order to setup user equivalency:As the oracle user on node rac1: $ mkdir ~/. Both virtual machines should now be up and running. ping the nodes from each other using the public and private ip addresses (the virtual ip address is not pingable at this stage). therefore you need to setup user equivalency for the Oracle user on all nodes. Enabling SSH User Equivalency The OUI (Oracle Universal Installer) uses the ssh and scp commands during installation to run remote commands and copy files to other nodes in the cluster.Note: To test the network setup.ssh $ chmod 700 ~/. 48.Restart the virtual machine for the changes to take effect and start the first virtual machine.

Setup the ASM disksConfigure the Oracle ASM driver As the root user on both nodes run the following: # service oracleasm configure Ouput: [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm configure .ssh/authorized_keys rac2:/home/oracle/.ssh/authorized_keys $ ssh rac2 cat ~/.ssh $ chmod 700 ~/.pub >> ~/.startoracle.startoracle. As the oracle user on node rac2: $ mkdir ~/.startoracle.ssh $ /usr/bin/ssh-keygen -t rsa As the oracle user on node rac1: $ cat ~/.com date ssh date ssh rac1-priv date ssh rac2-priv date ssh date ssh rac2.ssh/ Perform the following as the oracle user on node rac1 and then node rac2: ssh rac1 date ssh rac2 date ssh rac1.ssh/authorized_keys $ scp ~/.ssh/ date >> ~/.$ /usr/bin/ssh-keygen -t rsa Note: Whenever prompted for a passphrase leave it empty and press return.ssh/id_rsa.startoracle.

Default user to own the driver interface []: oracle Default group to own the driver interface []: dba Start Oracle ASM library driver on boot (y/n) [n]: y Fix permissions of Oracle ASM disks on boot (y/n) [y]: y Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration: [ OK ] Loading module ―oracleasm‖: [ OK ] Mounting ASMlib driver filesystem: [ OK ] Scanning system for ASM disks: [ OK ] Stamp the ASM disks As the root user on node rac1 (or rac2. but not both) run the following: # service oracleasm createdisk DATA1 /dev/sdb1 # service oracleasm createdisk DATA2 /dev/sdc1 # service oracleasm createdisk RECO1 /dev/sdd1 Output: [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm createdisk DATA1 /dev/sdb1 Marking disk ―/dev/sdb1″ as an ASM disk: [ OK ] [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm createdisk DATA2 /dev/sdc1 Marking disk ―/dev/sdc1″ as an ASM disk: [ OK ] [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm createdisk RECO1 /dev/sdd1 . Hitting <ENTER> without typing an answer will keep that current value.Configuring the Oracle ASM library driver. The current values will be shown in brackets (‘[]‘). This will configure the on-boot properties of the Oracle ASM library driver. Ctrl-C will abort. The following questions will determine whether the driver is loaded on boot and what permissions it will have.

Use pscp to copy the downloaded files from your Windows host machine to the virtual machine: . Install Oracle Clusterware 1.Marking disk ―/dev/sdd1″ as an ASM disk: [ OK ] Verify the newly configured ASM disks As the root user on both nodes run the following: # service oracleasm scandisks # service oracleasm listdisks Output: [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm scandisks Scanning system for ASM disks: [ OK ] [root@rac1 etc]# service oracleasm listdisks DATA1 DATA2 RECO1 You are now ready to install Oracle Clusterware. Copy the Oracle Clusterware and Database Software zip files downloadedearlier to the staging area (/u01/Stage11g) on node rac1.

Run the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU or Cluvfy) as the oracle user to verify all pre-installation tasks for Oracle Clusterware are completed. Install on both nodes as the root user: # rpm -i cvuqdisk-1.Alternatively download the zip files from your virtual machine.rac2 Performing pre-checks for cluster services setup ./runcluvfy.1– stage -pre crsinst -n rac1. Install the cvuqdisks package It can be found in the /u01/Stage11g/clusterware/rpm directory.rac2The Clufvy output will be similar to the following: $ pwd /u01/Stage11g/clusterware $ .rpm 4./runcluvfy. $ unzip /u01/Stage11g/ stage -pre crsinst -n rac1. Go to your Clusterware staging directory (/u01/Stage11g/clusterware) and run the following command as the oracle user on node rac1: $ . If your network is setup correctly you should be able to connect to the internet from within your virtual machine.0. Unzip the Oracle 11g software in your staging area (/u01/Stage11g) as the oracle user: $ unzip /u01/Stage11g/linux_11gR1_clusterware.

60 rac1 eth1:10. System architecture check passed.50 Node connectivity check passed.″ with node(s) rac2. Check failed on nodes: rac2. Membership check for user ―oracle‖ in group ―oinstall‖ [as Primary] passed.1.10.0″ that are likely candidates for VIP: rac2 eth1:10. Checking administrative privileges… User existence check passed for ―oracle‖. Checking user equivalence… User equivalence check passed for user ―oracle‖.1. Group existence check passed for ―oinstall‖.1.60 rac1 eth0:192.0″ with node(s) rac2. Interfaces found on subnet ―10.Checking node reachability… Node reachability check passed from node ―rac1″. Checking node connectivity… Node connectivity check passed for subnet ―192.10. Swap space check passed.rac1 Free disk space check passed.10.rac1.168. Administrative privileges check passed.10.168.rac1.168. . Node connectivity check passed for subnet ―10.50 Interfaces found on subnet ―192.0″ that are likely candidates for a private interconnect:rac2 eth0:192.1. Checking system requirements for ‗crs‘… Total memory check failed.168.

5″.5″.105″. Package existence check passed for ―unixODBC-2.0.3. because the ‗Total memory check‘ failed. Group existence check passed for ―oinstall‖. System requirement failed for ‗crs‘ Pre-check for cluster services setup was unsuccessful on all the nodes.3. Package existence check passed for ―libaio-devel-0.97″.5″. Package existence check passed for ―libgcc-3.4.11″.2″.Kernel version check passed. Make sure all other checks passed. even though we have the recommended 1Gb RAM allocated to each instance.″. User existence check passed for ―nobody‖.80″. Package existence check passed for ―make-3.5″.19″. Package existence check passed for ―unixODBC-devel-2.2. Package existence check passed for ―libaio-0. Package existence check passed for ―elfutils-libelf-devel-0.4. Package existence check passed for ―gcc-3.0. Package existence check passed for ―binutils-2. Package existence check passed for ―sysstat-5.4.11″.15. Package existence check passed for ―libstdc++-3.5″. The Clufvy pre-check will fail.4-2. Launch the OUI for Oracle Clusterware Prior to installing open a terminal window as the root user on node rac1 and type the following: # xhost +Open a terminal window as the oracle user on node rac1 and go to the clusterware staging . Package existence check passed for ―libstdc++-devel-3. Package existence check passed for ―glibc-2. Group existence check passed for ―dba‖.3. 5.

directory (/u01/Stage11g/clusterware) and start the installer with the following command: $ . Keep the default (oinstall) Operating System group name. Welcome. ‗Next‘ to . 6. Specify Inventory directory and credentials Change the inventory directory from the default of /u01/app/oraInventroy to /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory. Select ‗Next‘ to continue./runInstaller This will launch the OUI (Oracle Universal Installer) for Oracle Clusterware 11g. 7.


9.1.8. Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks The OUI will now verify that the environment meets all the requirements. All pre-requisite steps should . Specify Home Details Change the path to /u01/app/oracle/product/11. ‗Next‘ to continue.0/crs.

complete successfully. ‗Next‘ to continue.

10.Specify Cluster Configuration Specify all nodes in the cluster. Initially only node rac1 will be listed.

11. Select ‗Add‘ and add the details for node rac2. Enter all details. ‗OK‘ to continue.

12. After you‘ve added node rac2 the Cluster configuration should look as below. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

Specify Network Interface Usage Select the eth0 interface name and ‗Edit‘ to correct the Interface Type. .13.

Change the eth0 Interface Type to Public. . ‗Ok‘ to continue.14. is now your public network and eth1 (10. Specify Oracle Cluster Registry (OCR) Location Select External Redundancy and specify the first raw device (/dev/raw/raw1) setup earlier as the OCR .10. Verify that eth0 (192.0) is your private network. 16. ‗Next‘ to continue.15.

‗Next‘ to continue.location. Specify Voting Disk Location Select External Redundancy and specify the second raw device (/dev/raw/raw2) setup earlier as the . 17.

. ‗Next‘ to continue.Voting Disk location. Summary Review the summary and select ‗Install‘ to start the installation. 18.

Install .

Configuration Scripts Once the installation is complete you will be prompted to run 2 configuration scripts as the root user. Open a terminal window and execute these scripts as the root user on each node. 20. Do not run the scripts simultaneously on both nodes.19. Select ‗Ok‘ to continue after these scripts have completed successfully on both nodes. Monitor the progress of the installation. .

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory to Changing permissions of /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory to 770. The execution of the script is complete [root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/11.0/crs/root.0′ is not owned by root WARNING: directory ‗/u01/app/oracle/product‘ is not owned by root WARNING: directory ‗/u01/app/oracle‘ is not owned by root WARNING: directory ‗/u01/app‘ is not owned by root Checking to see if Oracle CRS stack is already configured WARNING: directory ‗/u01/app/oracle/product/11.The output for the configuration scripts will look similar to below: [root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory/orainstRoot.1.

Startup will be queued to init within 30 seconds. rac1 Cluster Synchronization Services is inactive on these nodes. Using ports: CSS=49895 CRS=49896 EVMC=49898 and EVMR=49897.. node <nodenumber>: <nodename> <private interconnect name> <hostname> node 1: rac1 rac1-priv rac1 node 2: rac2 rac2-priv rac2 Creating OCR keys for user ‗root‘. Changing owner to root The directory ‗/u01/app/oracle‘ is not owned by root.1. Changing owner to root Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys. .0′ is not owned by root. Cluster Synchronization Services is active on these nodes. Run on remaining nodes to start CRS daemons. Changing owner to root The directory ‗/u01/app‘ is not owned by root. Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw2 Format of 1 voting devices complete. rac2 Local node checking complete. Adding daemons to inittab Expecting the CRS daemons to be up within 600 seconds. Changing owner to root The directory ‗/u01/app/oracle/product‘ is not owned by root. Creating it now. privgrp ‗root‘. Setting the permissions on OCR backup directory Setting up Network socket directories Oracle Cluster Registry configuration upgraded successfully The directory ‗/u01/app/oracle/product/11./etc/oracle does not exist. Operation successful.

21. They all need to complete successfully in order for the installation to be successful. 22. Configuration Assistants The configuration assistants will now kick into gear. End of Installation Once the configuration assistants complete below screen will display. ‗Exit‘ to complete the installation .

and exit the OUI.gsd application 0/5 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac1 .—.rac1.0/crs/bin/crs_stat -t Name Type R/RA F/FT Target State Host ———— ———– —. 23.—— —— —ora. Checking the status of Clusterware To check the status of your installation issue the following commands as the root user: # /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/crs/bin/crsctl check crs Cluster Synchronization Services appears healthy Cluster Ready Services appears healthy Event Manager appears healthyTo get more detailed information issue the following command as the root user: #/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.

vip application 0/0 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac1 ora./runInstaller .ons application 0/3 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac2 ora.0 2. As root change ownership of the oracle directories to the oracle user on both nodes: # chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle # chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle/product # chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle/product/11.ons application 0/3 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac1 application 0/0 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac2 Install Oracle Database and ASM Software 1. To start the OUI change to the database directory in your staging area (/u01/Stage11g/database) and launch the OUI as the oracle user with the following command: $ .ora.gsd application 0/5 0/0 ONLINE ONLINE rac2 ora.rac1.1.rac2.rac1.rac2.rac2.

. Welcome ‗Next‘ to skip the Welcome screen.3.

4. 5. ‗Next‘ to continue. Install Location Keep the default Oracle Base location (/u01/app/oracle) and default Oracle Home location . Select Installation Type Keep the default installation type (Enterprise Edition).

. ‗Next‘ to continue.1.0/db_1).(/u01/app/oracle/product/11.

All pre-requisite steps should . 7. Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks The OUI will now verify that the environment meets all the requirements. ‗Next‘ to continue.6. Specify Hardware Cluster Installation Mode Keep the default ‗Cluster Installation‘ selection and select both nodes.

complete successfully. Select Configuration Option Select ‗Install Software Only‘. We will use the DBCA (Database Configuration Assistant) at a later stage . Select ‗Next‘ to continue. 8.

‗Next‘ to continue. .to configure ASM and create a database.

. ‗Next‘ to continue. oinstall and oinstall).9. Privileged Operating System Groups Keep the default options (dba.

Summary Review the summary and select ‗Install‘ to start the installation. .10.

Open a terminal window and execute the script as the root user on each node. Install Monitor the progress of the installation. Configuration Script Once the installation is complete you will be prompted to run a script as the root user. 12. Select ‗Ok‘ to continue after the script has .11.

been run successfully on both nodes. .

1. From the /u01/app/oracle/product/11.Open a terminal window as the oracle user.0/db_1/bin directory launch the dbca with the following command: $ . Create Oracle ASM instances 1. End of Installation Once the installation is complete select ‗Exit‘ to complete the installation and exit the OUI. Launch the DBCA (Database Configuration Assistant) to configure ASM and create a RAC database.13./dbca .

Welcome Keep the default selection (Oracle RAC database). ‗Next‘ to continue. .2.

. ‗Next‘ to continue.3. Operations Select ‗Configure ASM‘.

Node Selection Select all the nodes and ‗Next‘ to continue.4. 5. . Create ASM Instance Select a SYS pasword for the ASM instance. Keep the default type of parameter file (IFILE) to create.

‗Next‘ to continue. 6. . Select ‗Ok‘ to confirm creation of the ASM instances.

8. . Enter ‗DATA‘ as the first disk group name.7. Select ‗Yes‘ to let the DBCA create default listeners. ASM Disk Groups Select ‗Create New‘ to create new ASM disk groups.

‗Ok‘ to continue. .Keep the default redundancy settings (Normal) and select the 2 data disks (DATA1 and DATA2).

Select ‗Create new‘ again to add another disk group. . This will be the location for all our database files. The DATA disk group should now be mounted.9.

10. This time select ‗External‘ for redundancy and select the remaining disk (RECO1).Enter ‗RECO‘ as the disk group name. ‗OK‘ to continue. .

12. Create Oracle RAC Database .11. All the disk groups are now created. ‗Finish‘ to complete. Select ‗Yes‘ to perform the database creation.

Operations Select ‗Create a Database‘.1. ‗Next‘ to continue. .

Node Selection Select all the nodes and ‗Next‘ to continue.2. .

Database Templates Keep the default setting (General Purpose or Transaction Processing). ‗Next‘ to continue.3. .

4. Database Identification Enter ‗rac‘ (without the quotes) as the global database name. but ‗Enable Alert Notifications‘ and ‗Enable Daily Disk Backup to Recovery Area‘ . 5. ‗Next‘ to continue. Management Options Keep the default settings (‗Configure Enterprise Manager‘ and ‗Configure Database Control for local management‘ selected.

6. ‗Next‘ to .deselected). ‗Next‘ to continue. Database Credentials Select ‗Use the same Administrative Password for All Accounts‘ and enter a password.


7. ‗Next‘ to continue. Storage Options Select ‗ASM‘ for storage. .

Database File Locations Keep the default (Use Oracle-Managed Files). ‗Next‘ to continue. Make sure ‗+DATA‘ is entered as the Database Area. 9. ASM Disk Groups Select both disk groups (DATA and RECO). .8.

‗Next‘ to continue. .

11.Select ‗Specify Flash Recovery Area‘ and enter ‗+RECO‘ as the Flash Recovery Area. Edit Archive Mode Parameters Make sure the Flash Recovery Area (RECO) is shown as the archiving destination. If not change it to .10. Select ‗Enable archiving‘ and click on the ‗Edit Archive Mode Parameters‘ button.

‗OK‘ and then ‗Next‘ to continue.‗+RECO/‘ (without the quotes). .

12. Database Content Select ‗Sample Schemas‘ if you want to install them. ‗Next‘ to continue. Initialization Parameters Reduce the ‗Memory Size‘ to 250Mb and select ‗Use Automatic Memory Management‘ Leave all other . I did not. 13.

. ‗Next‘ to continue.settings as is.

Security Settings Keep the default.14. ‗Next‘ to continue. enhanced 11g security settings. .

Automatic Maintenance Tasks Make sure ‗Enable automatic maintenance tasks‘ is seleced. . ‗Next‘ to continue.15.

Creation Options Select ‗Generate database creation scripts‘ if you want to review these at a later stage. ‗Next‘ to continue. Database Storage Review the storage options for all files.16. 17. ‗Finish‘ to review .

.the installation.

Summary Select ‗Ok‘ to close the review page and ‗Finish‘ to start the installation. .18.

A message will be displayed once this is done. The DBCA will first generate the database creation scripts if you selected this. Acknowledging the message will start the database creation.19. .

1.1. Once edited the /etc/oratab file should contain the following: On node RAC1: +ASM1:/u01/app/oracle/products/11.20.0/crs:N .Replace the database name with the instance name for the rac database i.e. replace the rac keyword with rac1 or rac2 depending on the node. This will enable you to set the Clusterware home using the oraenv script.1. 21. Once database creation is done a summary screen will be displayed. As the oracle user edit the /etc/oratab file on both nodes.0/db_1:N crs:/u01/app/oracle/products/11.0/db_1:N rac1:/u01/app/oracle/products/11. Furthermore add details for your clusterware home to this file. ‗Exit‘ to exit the OUI.

oraenv unset ORAENV_ASKCongratulations! You have successfully installed and created an Oracle 11g RAC database.0/db_1:N crs:/u01/app/oracle/products/11. 11g Release 1 (11.1. 11g Release 1 (11. Done. Setup the environment for the Oracle user As the oracle user create the file /home/oracle/. Part Number B28263-02 Oracle RAC Installation Guide.On node RAC2 +ASM2:/u01/app/oracle/products/11.0/crs:N 22. Part Number B28264-02 VMware Communities OTN Forums .0/db_1:N rac2:/u01/app/oracle/products/11.1) for Linux.1.1.profile on all nodes and add the following lines: umask 022 set -o vi export PS1=‖[${USER}@`hostname -s`]$ ― export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle export ORACLE_SID=`hostname -s` export ORAENV_ASK=NO . Bibliography / Resources Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide. Oracle 11g RAC on virtual servers.1) for Linux and UNIX.

2007 at 11:53 am Great article! Thank you for sharing and for your efforts Best regards. virtual machine.Tonguç Yılmaz October 1. VMware 119 Responses to So you want to play with Oracle 11g’s RAC? Here’s how. . RAC. H. 119 Comments Filed under 11g. oracle. 1. Real Application Clusters.Like Be the first to like this.

3 6. .2. Pingback: Oracle 11g RAC on Oracle Enterprise Linux 4(Update 5) and VMware Server 1. Pingback: Setting up Oracle Database 11g Real Application Clusters with VMware. 2007 at 4:54 pm Thanks for sharing.Tonguç YILMAZ Oracle Blog 3.3 « H. bakuma October » Blog Archive » Oracle 11g RAC na Oracle Enterprise Linux 4(Update 5) a VMware Server 1.0. T October 23.0. 2007 at 5:48 pm Do you have the instructions for installing Oracle 10g RAC using vmware with RHEL 4\Fedora 7? Please advise. Storage & Clustering Topics Related to Oracle Databases 8. A Really Good Reference. 5. 2007 at 2:48 pm Excelent article. Pingback: Oracle 11g RAC na Oracle Enterprise Linux 4(Update 5) a VMware Server 1.0. 4. « Kevin Closson‘s Oracle Blog: Platform. thank you. Pingback: blogspot.3 by OracleLog 7. mdinh October 1.

except you need to configure the hangcheck timer on Linux as an additional task. Really really helps a DBA in many way. 10. Pingback: about NetApp » Blog Archive » ―Песочница‖ для Oracle 11g RAC в VMware Server. 2008 at 4:26 am Magnificent article. 2007 at 7:22 pm The 10g installation is exactly the same. Mani January 8. Pingback: IT для бизнеса: it4business. Hi T Frederik Visser October 27. thanks for sharing it. Pingback: OEL on VMWare « Mani‘s Oracle Scratchpad . Kind Regards Frikkie Visser 11. 12. Mani » ―Песочница‖ для Oracle 11g RAC в VMware Server. regards. Thanks for your time and effort and most importantly. In 11g the Process Monitor Daemon (oprocd) monitors the system state of cluster nodes so you no longer need the hangcheck timer.9.

For someone who is not familiar with this install picutres are very usefull.It is for High Availability and maintenace. 2008 at 12:53 pm Hi. Miladin January 22. Thanks. I always install seperate homes for the asm and db because if you upgrade in the future… 15.0/asm directory. Only thing is ―missing here‖ is to install ASM in a separate Oracle home. Choose option Configure ASM.14.1. That‘s mean after installing Oracle Database Software do one more install ORACLE_HOME=:/u01/app/oracle/products/11. Great article.. . Pekka Koppanen January 9. 2008 at 6:23 pm Good work.

You are indeed right. But with the NAT. But I am not able to see the outside world (internet) from within the VM-s. They are very helpful. Can you tell me what I might be missing? I tried both the bridged and NAT. I wanted to save disk space hence the reason for using only one home! Kind Regards Frikkie Visser 17. Seperating the ASM and Oracle Homes in a production environment is recommended. Anand February 12. The former does not allow the host computer to connect to the VM but the latter does. 2008 at 12:24 pm Hi Miladin & Pekka Koppanen Thanks for your valuable feedback.16. I have managed to create the two VM-s and they are able to communicate among themselves. Anand . Frederik Visser January 27. I cannot connect to the host or the internet from within the VM-s. 2008 at 2:17 pm First of all thank you for creating these instructions. Thanks.

Thanks. I was stuck with disk sharing. Before I read this artical. 2008 at 8:15 pm I installed 10g rac on Enterprise linux and vmware. I used 1 local node and 1 virtual node. Niramit Soonthawong March 7. i am running vmvare + linux + oracle 11g and thing of trying oracle RAC out. 19. Anup 20. . 2008 at 8:54 pm One question – How many ethernet card did you use? I have one ethernet card and for interconnect when I tried to configure private ip. Tom March 17. Great job!!! Anup March 17. Here you gave nice tricks for doing it. 2008 at 9:23 pm thanks for your clear step by step demonstration. I coundn‘t ping with that.18.

10. linuxp1-vip 192.128 thank you.10.My configuration : #Public 21.29 linuxp1. Anonymous April -> Not working… I am not able to move forward for CRS installation…pls advise. 2008 at 10:09 pm Excelent linuxp2-priv #VIP 192.56 linuxp1 Anonymous .com linuxp2 #Interconnect linuxp2-vip ping linuxp1-priv 10.27 linuxp1-priv.

2008 at 4:06 am Hi. enriqueojedalara May 26. 2008 at 6:25 pm Excellent tutorial!! 24. Joe May 28.May 7.i installed vmware workstation and the RAC but when i am rebooting the system it says the cluster configuration is not supported after reboot all the cluster infomation are removed and RAC configuration also removed.VIP also not ping I also try with vmware server but its not compatible with windows vista can you please advice what is the vmware software i should use to install rac on windows vista FLY I installed succecfully on windows-XP Thanks in advace Karl marx 23. 2008 at 5:11 am It really run! Thanks . I have windows vista.

2008 at 5:10 am Verify the newly configured ASM disks As the root user on both nodes run the following: # service oracleasm sandisks # service oracleasm listdisks SHOULD BE: Verify the newly configured ASM disks As the root user on both nodes run the following: # service oracleasm scandisks <<<< note the ―c‖ # service oracleasm listdisks 27. 2008 at 2:29 am It is only half the document. Thanks for sharing.25. . 2008 at 6:05 am Excelent article. Murugesh Raja May 28. 26. OraDba June 21. Anonymous June 12.

jarek July 16.I did not notice the OCFS2 being installed or configured in these steps. Dallas July 10.5 or is it not needed? RAC Newbie 29. is that because it is installed by default by enteprise Linux 4. There are better articles on Internet . 2008 at 11:42 am remove firewall and seLinux you configuration is ok if is equal in both nods 30. 28. sriram July 27.Sadly. 2008 at 2:36 am One question. 2008 at 1:09 pm please can you check the subnet mask for the private . There is no mention of TNSnames entries for clients or even does not include testing scenorios for RAC or how to check if RAC is working or not.

2008 at 7:41 pm Sorry you feel this post does not provide you with enough value. Cheers Frikkie 32. It doesn‘t claim to be anything else! Cheers Frikkie . 2008 at 7:38 pm Hi Anonymous Thanks for pointing out the typo – I‘ve now updated the post. Hi OraDba Frederik Visser July 29. The post was however intended to serve as a how-to guide for installing 11g RAC on VMWare virtual machines.give the ifconfig -a output 31. Frederik Visser July 29.

Hi Jarek Frederik Visser July 29. Cheers Frikkie 34. I used the following: 1.) Local file systems for the Oracle & Clusterware Homes 3. Voting disks. 2008 at 7:48 pm This is done under the section ―Install Oracle Enterprise Linux‖. .) Raw devices for the voting disk & OCR 2. Hi Dallas Frederik Visser July 29.) ASM for the database files. OCR & spfiles if you want to. You can place the following on OCFS: Oracle software. 2008 at 7:46 pm You don‘t need OCFS/OCFS2.33. Oracle database files.

I‘ll publish an updated installation guide in the near future. The information here about raw devices needs to be updated.wordpress.Pingback: Oracle 11g‘s RAC Playground setup howto . Nice to update for RHEL5U2 which does not support the raw device any more.Cheers Frikkie 35. I followed the instructions on the following website. This installation was however done on OEL 4. 2008 at 9:51 pm Hi Taizica You are right – thanks for pointing that out. Pingback: ―Песочница‖ для Oracle 11g RAC в VMware Server. | about NetApp 36. Cheers F 37. taizica September  Frederik Visser December 8. 2008 at 8:37 am Great how-to guide. which seems working: http://oraclepitstop.

Great Article though. I get the status of the VIPs as offline. but when I get to step 23 of the clusterware setup. 2008 at 6:59 am 39. And when I ping them I get unreachable. database binaries. 3 voting disks. asm . Have I missed a step? 41. 40. and database files. Anonymous November 29. . 2008 at 5:32 am I am planning to use OCFS2 for the 2 ocr disks. John Hetherington December 5. They are mentioned in my /etc/hosts‘s file but nowhere else. John Hetherington December 5. It‘s great Anonymous October 12. 2008 at 11:48 am Never mind. I start them using srvctl. Could u please let me know what shud i do about this.38. 2008 at 11:10 am I‘m sorry if I‘ve missed something. clusterware binaries.

Glad you got that VIP problem sorted out! Let me know if you have any further questions. 2009 at 8:53 pm Hi Natarajan . 2008 at 9:56 pm Hi John Thanks very much! Watch out for an updated version of this post using a slightly different method. Frederik Visser December 8. Cheers F 42. Natarajan December 17. 2008 at 10:06 pm Not able to connect to internet from the vmware and even when linux boots up it fails to detect the eth0 and eth1  Frederik Visser February 9.

What are the changes required to perform this in Windows vista. Cheers Frederik 43.You‘ll need to provide me with more details in order to troubleshoot this. Send me an email at: dbafred at gmail dot com. Thanks Shyam  Frederik Visser February 9. Help: Is it possible to install the same RAC in Windows vista home premium 64bit OS with 4 gb of RAM instead of Windows XP 32 bit. Shyam Sundar December 29. 2008 at 9:45 pm Very Nice document and really useful. Thank you so much. 2009 at 8:56 pm Hi Shyam .

It‘s therefore recommended to have separate homes for ASM and the database in production environments. will this work the same… Ravi  Frederik Visser February 9. Let me know how you get on. Oracle 11g recommends seperate HOME for ASM and RDBMS. If I had to take a guess I‘d say you should be able to do this just fine with my post. 2009 at 8:48 pm Hi Ravi This is perfectly fine. Cheers Frederik . Cheers Frederik 44. Ravi Prakash December 30.This should be possible although I‘ve never done it – not a big fan of Vista. 2008 at 3:22 pm Great!!! I have one doubt regarding ASM and RDBMS. although it does complicate matters when it comes to upgrades & patching.

startoracle. 2009 at 10:07 am . J January and after restart its starting both hosts as rac2 or worse its not detecting eth0 and eth1 in rac1 and fails. 2009 at 9:09 pm Hi J Ensure that the original VM is powered off before you startup the 2nd VM. Cheers Frederik 46. IP address and hostname as per step 40 and reboot this VM. hostname and IP addresses than the 1st one. Robert Heijne February 2. You then need to change the Mac address.45. I have changed the hostname rac2. This should now have a different MAC address. Let me know how you get on. Fred. 2009 at 2:54 pm I am stuck on Step 40.  Frederik Visser February 9.

If you are having trouble finding it let me know and I‘ll email it to you. 2009 at 1:07 pm . Hi Baber Safdar February 3. unfortunatly the Cluvfy precheck failed during installation of the Oracle Clusterware.Thanx very much for this article. Kind Regards Frederik 47.4.5 Where can I find them ? Regards Robert  Frederik Visser February 9.4. 2009 at 8:59 pm Hi Robert You can find this on the Linux installation CDs. It is complaining about missing gcc-3.5 and libgcc-3. I start building up the environment but.

105-2 (CD 3) elfutils-libelf-devel-0. I have downloaded linux as ISO files on my PC.1-4 (CD 4) unixODBC-devel-2.2. Could someone advise how I would go about installing these packages on my Linux vmware instances? Do I need to download Linux as source?? 31.I am trying to do step 31 to install following packages. which is cd image files. with VMWare – no other software is needed.11-1 (CD 4) thanks Baber  Frederik Visser February 9.3. Install the following packages from the indicated cd‘s: libaio-devel-0. Anonymous . See step 1 under Install ―Oracle Enterprise Linux‖ of my post. 2009 at 9:02 pm Hi Baber You mount the ISO files. Cheers Frederik 48.97.

Can anybody help me? Please write on email : Kielbikp@gmail. When I install database software as it is in this artice . Please verify that you‘ve completed all the SUSE pre-installation requirements.8. Can someone tell me why this is happening. 2009 at 9:02 am Hi Paul It is difficult to troubleshoot an issue without access to the log files. I installed my clusterware on both nodes. i use Suse 10 Linux Enterprise Server on both nodes. I can never boot from the iso image. Paul February 18.February 13. any help appreciated Tabrez 49.0. . I created a vmx file and try to boot from the iso image but it always tries a network boot. and vmware server 1. 2009 at 2:56 pm  Frederik Visser March 11. 2009 at 9:19 am Hi. during copying files to node 2 in about 62% of installation my both machines power off.

2009 at 2:45 pm Great article . 2009 at 2:38 pm No – VMware doesn‘t run on Solaris. Omer February 21. Manas February 19. 2009 at 10:11 pm Great article. 52. Raja Manohar Rao Balmuri . thanks frederik. Can this be used to install Oracle 11g on Sun solaris using Vmware. 51.Kind Regards Frederik 50. Thank you Manas  James Radtke June 7. was unable to test the RAC due to hardware resources. I will try this one out.

2009 at 1:01 am Excellent article 53. PEX-E53: No boot filename received I have correctly pointed to the ISO image file as per step 1 of Install Oracle Enterprise Linux. Great Work Anonymous February 25. 2009 at 7:55 am 54. 2009 at 7:56 am Excellent work 55. 2009 at 2:02 am I am getting the following error when I try to do the Enterprise Linux installation. Additionally I have also made sure the content is not blocked (I chose unblock in properties) in the ISO image file since this came from a different machine. Dina March 1.February 25. Asad February 25. .

. You should be fine with installing Linux on 256MB. Please note that I have chosen 256MB instead of 1GB due to limitations on my box. 2009 at 9:04 am Hi Dina Can you please send me a screenshot to dbafred gmail com. You rock. Cheers Frederik 56. 2009 at 2:03 am Needless to say this is one of the best documents on how to setup Oracle RAC on VMWARE. 57. but you won‘t be able to run Oracle RAC with that amount of RAM. 2009 at 9:53 am Dear Frederik.  Frederik Visser March 11. Dina March 1.Still I am unable to boot off the ISO image to get the linux install done. Not sure if that has anything to do with the error I am encountering. NY_local March 2.

The very first time after all installations I shutdown both virtual nodes without bringing down instances by usind ―Action/Log Off/Shutdown‖. I donwloaded it from the internet but its complaining about lot of other pre-requisites. Babu . I could not find it in the CDs either. 2009 at 8:39 pm This is a really nice article for Installing RAC. Anonymous March 4. Please let me know if you had to do anything else to get those packages. It helped me learn a lot! I ran into the and hangs there indefinitely. I successfully completed all the steps described here. Thanks. Is there any way this can be resolved or I will need to redo all the set up from scratch? Please help. Now I am not able to start any nodes.Thank you very much for your detailed post. I followed the instructions above for installing linux and I find the unixODBC rpm missing. Everything appeared up an running. Thanks!!! 58. However I got stuck at one point and cannot move any forward. I am not able to go past the runClufy stage. For this reason. It reaches the point where it says: Starting init. Frederik.

2009 at 9:08 am Hi Anonymous if you installed all the pre-requisite packages as I‘ve described in my post your installation should be good to go. VIP‘s are shown as offline on step 23 and I can‘t ping them either. the rest is a breeze! What O/S & version are you using for the installation? Kind Regards Frederik 59. Frederik Visser March 11. Z March 6. I notice someone else had a similar issue above with the VIP‘s on Vista. 2009 at 3:47 pm PS: host OS is Vista. Z March 6. How do I start the VIP‘s using srvctl ? 60. Configuring the O/S correctly is probably the single most important step when installing Oracle RAC. If you get this right. Please help .e. 2009 at 3:45 pm Having the same problem as John i.

2009 at 10:59 pm Just a wonderful article! Highly recommended for anyone wanting to learn about VMware and RAC. But when I tried to duplicate that onto a Windows 2003 Server. Would you mind sharing how did you make the ‗pscp‘ to work in your environment. I am able to ping the virtual hostname but ‗pscp‘ keep getting: ―Fatal Error: Network Error: Connection Timeout‖ Any insight is very appreciated.:) . Вячеслав Меньшиков March 25. John March 8.61. I have one question regarding the use of ‗pscp‘.e. Hien Nguyen March 10. 2009 at 3:25 pm Have the same problem as John Hetherington i. I was able to ping virtual hostname from my host but not able to ‗pscp‘ file into virtual hostname. i can‘t get VIP nodes to come up. after step 23. How do you start them using srvctl ? 62. 63. Actually I had ‗pscp‘ working when subnet match VMnet1 IP address on my local XP PC. 2009 at 9:27 am Да уж… Тут как люди раньше говорили: А ларчик просто открывался.

Any idea. Dear Fred. Dhanu April 13. 2009 at 7:34 am .64. I tried with (windows) OS username/password but it doesn‘t accept. help. 2009 at 9:23 am it is one of the gr8 article availble on the net.Thankx a lot Freddieee….0 on Windows Vista Home premium SP1 (64bit). it didn‘t ask any during installation. When i go to console it‘s prompting me for username/password which i don‘t have any. 2009 at 4:36 am I have installed VMWARE server 2. Please let me know ? Thanks Sami 66. santosh March 28. SAMI March 30. hint would be highly appreciated. 65.

Is it possible to share shared disk of OCR.1) 69. 2009 at 9:36 pm Hi Frederik. 68. could you please share your ideas. Afsar . Dhanu April 16. Thank you. Dhanu. Thank you. Much appreciate your efforts for sharing and ASM from rac3 if I create another server rac3 on the same host? If possible. this is the best I ever found over the internet for RAC set up. Also it would be nice to have same Arcticle but with vmware version 2 (or 2.Thanks for the clear instructions. Dhanu. Mandeep April 20. 67. 2009 at 12:11 am Excellent Artiicle.

it was all okay and much more detailed. Hi. I ran that on rac1 which just said it is configured for CRS and will start using init. In fact. Should I just copy rac2 and rename it as rac1?? My VM is version 2. it all starts with the root.1-4 (CD 4) unixODBC-devel-2. When I went to RAC2. Install the following packages from the indicated cd‘s: libaio-devel-0.0 build 122956 and I wonder if it is the build because I have done this 3 times now… .105-2 (CD 3) elfutils-libelf-devel-0. I could even see the daemons Delboy May 19.2.April 27. 2009 at 3:34 pm I‘ve installed everything but there seems to be an issue with my disks. The Notification servers does not configure very well. 2009 at 11:44 am 31.11-1 (CD 4) Kindly help me in the above step as i have downloaded linux as ISO files on my PC Thanks Afsar 70. but rac1 doesn‘t seem to play ball.

3. 2009 at 8:46 pm Hi. I have gathered what data I can and present it below: My host environment for VMware machines: .97.2. while preparing to install Oracle Clusterware.105-2 (CD 3) elfutils-libelf-devel-0. could you please tell me more detail steps about how to install the package.1-4 (CD 4) unixODBC-devel-2. Denny Han May 25. Install the following packages from the indicated cd‘s: libaio-devel-0.11-1 (CD 4) 72. don‘t know how to do it.Thanks 71. thanks 31.‘ is great…but have encountered a problem in step 42. JayW May 26. I see ―If your network is setup correctly you should be able to connect to the internet from within your virtual machine‖ but although I can ping rac1 and rac2 from each other I cannot get out to the internet from inside either virtual machine. I am admittedly a noob when it comes to linux and am not overly familiar with network configurations either. 2009 at 5:44 am I think your site ‗So you want to play with Oracle 11g‘s RAC? Here‘s how.

. . . . .0.00 GB RAM. . . : Node Type . . . .3 build-44356 I am running RHEL 4 Update 5 downloaded from Oracle‘s site: Here is rac1′s OS version: [root@rac1 etc]# uname -r 2. . . . . : JayW-PC Primary Dns Suffix . : Hybrid IP Routing Enabled. .0. .6. : No .9-55. . . . . . .2.0. . . . . . . .9-55. .6. . . . : No WINS Proxy Enabled.0.ELsmp Here is rac2′s OS version: [root@rac2 etc]# uname -r 2.HP d5200t Intel Quad CPU Q9650 @ 3.00 GHz with 8.0.0. .ELsmp Here is output of host computer ipconfig /all: Windows IP Configuration Host Name . .2. . Vista Ultimate 64-bit OS with SP1 I am running VMware Server Console 1.0. . . . . . .

. .255. . . . . . . 2009 11:35:38 PM Lease Expires . . : fe80::a11e:7fbe:2b50:1593%10(Preferred) IPv4 Address. . . . 2009 11:35:38 PM Default Gateway . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . .206. . . . . . : 00-24-8C-5C-7A-FB DHCP Enabled. . . . . : Description . . . . .Wireless LAN adapter Wireless Network Connection: Media State . . : Yes Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . . . : Description . . . : 192. . . . : Yes Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection: Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . . .1.11n Wireless PCI Express Card LAN Adapter Physical Address. . . . : Yes Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . .168. .0 Lease Obtained. . May 25. .1 DNS Servers .206. . . . . . . . .168. .1 DHCP Server . .255. . . : 192. . . . . . . .102(Preferred) Subnet Mask . . : Media disconnected Connection-specific DNS Suffix . : 00-22-5F-50-24-5D DHCP Enabled. .168. . : Intel(R) 82566DC-2 Gigabit Network Connection Physical Address. . . : 255. . . .254. .254. . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Tuesday. . . . . . : Yes Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . .1. .1 167. . . . : 167. . . . . May 26.2 NetBIOS over Tcpip. : Monday. . : Enabled . . . . . . . . : 192. . . . . : 802. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . : Monday. . . . . . . May 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . : fe80::d819:7596:3806:2a5%15(Preferred) IPv4 Address. . . .79. . . : VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet8 Physical Address. : VMware Virtual Ethernet Adapter for VMnet1 Physical Address. . . . 2009 11:35:36 PM Lease Expires . . . . . . . .255. . . . .168. . . . . . : Enabled Ethernet adapter VMware Network Adapter VMnet8: Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . : Yes Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : Yes .1(Preferred) Subnet Mask . . . : Description . : Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0 Lease Obtained. . . . : 00-50-56-C0-00-01 DHCP Enabled. . . : 192. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . .254 DNS Servers . . : 00-50-56-C0-00-08 DHCP Enabled. . . . . : fec0:0:0:ffff::1%1 fec0:0:0:ffff::2%1 fec0:0:0:ffff::3%1 NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . .79. : Yes Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . . : 192. .168. May 26. . . . . . . .Ethernet adapter VMware Network Adapter VMnet1: Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . . . . . . . . : DHCP Server .255. : 255. : Tuesday. . . 2009 12:50:36 AM Default Gateway . . . . . . .

. . . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . : Description . . . . . . : Media disconnected Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . .1(Preferred) Subnet Mask . : fe80::e52b:d897:1424:f9bf%17(Preferred) IPv4 Address. . . . . . : Media disconnected Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . . . . . . . . . . : isatap. . . . . . . : 255. . . . : Enabled Tunnel adapter Local Area Connection* 6: Media State .188. . . . . . . . . . . : 192. . . : isatap. . . . . . . . . . . .0 Default Gateway . . . . .255. : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0 DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168. . . . . .255. .{233A5367-81C5-4BFA-B1BA-41D8D79E3D84} Physical Address. . . . . . . . .Link-local IPv6 Address . . : Description . : Yes Tunnel adapter Local Area Connection* 7: Media State . . . . : fec0:0:0:ffff::1%1 fec0:0:0:ffff::2%1 fec0:0:0:ffff::3%1 NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . : DNS Servers . . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . . .{B5702F29-88E8-42FB-8A6C-CF0B3E1659A5} Physical Address. . . : Yes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0 DHCP Enabled. . . . .

. . . . . . : Media disconnected Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . : 02-00-54-55-4E-01 DHCP Enabled. . . . . : isatap. . . . . . . . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . . . . . : Yes Tunnel adapter Local Area Connection* 13: Media State . . . : Yes IPv6 Address. . . . . : isatap. . . . . . . . . .{B34EA164-F49B-40B0-A924-EDEDB726841E} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tunnel adapter Local Area Connection* 11: Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . : Media disconnected Connection-specific DNS Suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Description . . . . . . . . : Teredo Tunneling Pseudo-Interface Physical Address. . . : Description . : 2001:0:4137:9e50:885:37f7:3f57:fe99(Preferred) Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : :: NetBIOS over Tcpip. : Disabled Tunnel adapter Local Area Connection* 12: Media State . .{697B5768-3A66-487F-A485-34D31AA7349A} Physical Address. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : fe80::885:37f7:3f57:fe99%14(Preferred) Default Gateway . : Description . . . . . . . : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0 DHCP Enabled. . .

0 b) Interrupt:185 Base address:0×1480 eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:29:A8:FE:32 inet addr:10. .255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fea8:fe32/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:6 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:11 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:360 (360. . : Yes Here is rac1 ifconfig: [root@rac1 ~]# ifconfig -a eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:29:A8:FE:28 inet addr:192.255. .0 b) TX bytes:630 (630.10. . . : No Autoconfiguration Enabled . .Physical Address.10.1 KiB) TX bytes:630 (630. . . .168.10. .255.0 b) Interrupt:193 Base address:0×1800 .255 Mask:255.1.255. .255 Mask:255. . . .168.50 Bcast:10.0 inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fea8:fe28/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:133 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:11 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:41064 (40. .1. . . . : 00-00-00-00-00-00-00-E0 DHCP Enabled. . . .50 Bcast:192.10.

4 MiB) TX bytes:2609354 (2.1 Mask:255.0. interconnect/private 5/24/2009 jlw .lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127. vip.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.4 MiB) sit0 Link encap:IPv6-in-IPv4 NOARP MTU:1480 Metric:1 RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:0 (0.0 inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1 RX packets:2004 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:2004 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:2609354 (2.0 b) [root@rac1 ~]# This is rac1 /etc/hosts: [root@rac1 ~]# cd /etc [root@rac1 etc]# more hosts # Do not remove the following line. # # added public. or various programs # that require network functionality will fail.0.0.0.

60 rac2-priv.localhost rac2 # VIP 192.255.1 localhost localhost.10.localhost rac1 192.0.localdomain localhost # Public rac1-priv.51 rac1-vip.10.10.# rac2-vip.localhost rac1-priv 10.localhost rac1-vip 192.60 Bcast: inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fe2b:d1b5/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:21 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:11 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 .localhost rac2-priv #EOF This is rac2 ifconfig: [root@rac2 ~]# ifconfig -a eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:29:2B:D1:B5 inet addr:192.60 rac2.50 rac1.localhost rac2-vip # Interconnect / Private Mask:

10.1 Mask:255.0 inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1 RX packets:1925 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:1925 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:2486410 (2.0 b) TX bytes:630 (630.3 MiB) sit0 Link encap:IPv6-in-IPv4 NOARP MTU:1480 Metric:1 RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 .60 Bcast:10.10.3 MiB) TX bytes:2486410 (2.255 Mask:255.255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fe2b:d1bf/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:11 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:0 (0.0 b) Interrupt:193 Base address:0×1800 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr: KiB) TX bytes:630 (630.0.0 b) Interrupt:185 Base address:0×1480 eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:29:2B:D1:BF inet addr:10.10.collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:6732 (

localhost rac1-priv 10.1.localhost rac1-vip 192.10. or various programs # that require network functionality will fail.0.10.TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:0 (0.1.50 rac1.0 b) TX bytes:0 (0.168.localhost rac2-vip # Interconnect / Private 10.61 rac2-vip.168.localhost rac2 # VIP localhost localhost. vip. interconnect/private 5/24/2009 jlw # 127.1.localdomain localhost # Public 192.51 rac1-vip.localhost rac1 192.10. # # added public.0 b) Here is rac2 /etc/hosts [root@rac2 ~]# cd /etc [root@rac2 etc]# more hosts # Do not remove the following line.60 rac2-priv. rac2.50 rac1-priv.localhost rac2-priv .

1 I cannot tell if this has any connection to the fact that I cannot get the internet from inside of either virtual machine.168.10.168. congratulations on your site and thanks in advance for any help you may be able to render.10. I have assigned addresses to rac 1 ethernet devices of: public: 192. . private: 10. I also hope to be able to correct it without starting from the beginning again for both virtual machines. I do not wish to go further with this project until after I know what I did wrong so that I may correct it. I had originally and erroneously assigned address 192.1.60 I can ping rac1 from rac2 and rac2 from rac1 but cannot get out to the internet from either virtual machine.1 to rac1 public network card.10.50 private: 10.1. One error message that I see when booting either virtual machine is: PCI: cannot allocate region 4 of device 0000:00:07.#EOF As you can see above. I would appreciate any insight you might offer as to the reason why I cannot get out to the internet from inside of either virtual machine.50 to rac2: public: 192. although I have corrected it in the Network menu I still see it in the host computer ipconfig /all listing. Once again.

gateway etc. Any ideas on debugging/fixing/etc.Regards. JayW 73. Once gain. JayW May 31. I apologize for any confusion caused. would be most welcome. Please ignore both of them – I have the matter solved and am moving on with the installation. JayW May 30. Last time I installed 2 virtual machines they could ping each other freely but not get out to internet. TIA. I hope the previous posts do not cause you any concern – I am submitting this in the hope you will ignore them. 2009 at 1:41 am I left 2 prior comments asking for help as I could not access the internet from inside virtual machines. JayW 74. 2009 at 8:23 pm Installed 1st virtual machine but cannot reach internet from inside it: ―Firefox can‘t find the server at ‖ Eth0 and eth1 are on same network as host computer and point to same DNS . thank you for a super web site!! .

also.75. can‘t acces Internet from Virture machine‘s ―Web Brower‖ icon. thx 76. Ron Chennells June 30. like c:\ping 192.50 ( got timeout issue).1. 2009 at 10:45 am An alternative method of geeting the Oracle software into the vm is to place it into a seprate windows directory and then create an iso image ofthe directory and then mount the image as a cd. 2009 at 2:46 am Adding a 3rd node: Is adding a 3rd node (with sufficient memory) a logical extension of your instruction? Thanks – Bill 77. Denny Han June 1. for the first step of Install Clusterware.168. 2009 at 1:12 am Hi. I used a Iso Recorder to ―burn‖ the image of the Oracle software and was then able to mount in in the cd drive . can‘t ping Virture Host from Window. Bill June 17.

sh i get the error at the end saying ―failure at final check of oracle crs stack 10″ . Moin July 13.Ron 78. I dont have above mention hardware . AJAY July 30. I have followed all your steps the precisely buy i am still getting a error at ―Install Oracle Database and ASM Software‖ section at step 12.Can I install on VISTA? Can I install on a 5400 rpm Hard Drive ? 79. 2009 at 6:57 pm –Hardware Requirements— Windows XP SP2 (32 bit) Intel P4 3Ghz 3Gb 1 x 160Gb 7200rpm & 1x 250Gb 7200rpm. Both on Ultra ATA Controllers. 2009 at 2:11 pm hi. after executing the root.

only evm and crs (reboot) will start for a few min.80. Pingback: TOP 5 Resources: ―RACking‖ Oracle Databases « Oracle Top 5 References's Blog 83. darnell August 12. Jaydeb Chakraborty October 24. 2009 at 11:10 am Hi – I am using VMWARE on windows XP and Red Hat Linux 5 as a guest OS. Instead of /products/ it should just be /product/ 82. At this moment If i try to start those deamon on another node . 2009 at 1:46 pm I‘ve been a SQL Server guy my whole career. I can see evm crs and css are running in one node when other node is down. For our production RAC installs we typically use RedHat. and managed to get RAC up and running the first time! Nice post. which I tried here but ran into difficulties. there‘s a small typo in the next-to-last step. so that‘s our next hurdle. 2009 at 12:21 pm Easily one of the best RAC + VM post out there! Excellent Job!!!!!!!! 81. I have configure everything accordingly as per RHEL5. SQLguy September 9. . By the way. The issue is that i can not run CRSD deamon in bothe node at a time. then evm will go down.

Olivier Nadeau November 2. I don‘t know why and I don‘t know how to put it online. It would be great if anyone can help me out inthis regards. I am using 1GB RAM for each node.I have done everything available in net related with this kind of issue. Shuk December 9. the ―ora. When I checked the status of Clusterware.rac2. Hello. 2009 at 2:53 pm What a nice article ! I have a problem at step 23. Thanks! 84.ons‖ appear offline even if the target is ―online‖. Thank for your help ! 85. Hi there. 2009 at 11:53 pm .

I have a question.) Local file systems for the Oracle & Clusterware Homes 3. 86. Have you tried the NFS mounts for the database files.0.) NFS mounts for the database files. 1. ASM Disk Groups ———————————————Error when connecting to ASM instance on local node: lo exception: The Network Adapter could not establish the connection ———————————————ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel ———————————————ORA-01034: ORACLE not available ———————————————Please help me 87.Very nice article I was able to follow it nicely. Jimmy December 18. files were created but all other services failed to go up. Was it successful ? I tried to use NFS and everything was fine until I create the RAC database.2 – OEL 5 « the darek . Pingback: Oracle 11g RAC na VMware 2.) Raw devices for the voting disk & OCR 2. 2009 at 10:12 am Failed on 8.

uname -r returns: Huili December 20.rpm.0.9-89.88.ELsmp) to download. I get the following error: error: Failed dependencies: kernel-smp – 2. Install ASMLib package.0.9-89. it does not work as well.ELsmp-2.ELsmp is needed by oracleasm-2. 89.0. but when I try to install the package.ELsmp For step 39.1.0.el4.e14.5-1.0.6. I have tried to download oracleasm-2. Biju . Let me know if you have any ideal regarding my problem. 2009 at 8:47 pm Thanks for the article.9-89. I went to website. when I try to create oracle ASM instance.6. My virtual machine have oracle enterprise linux 4 (update 8). no DISK be shown up. I have tried to use ―change disk discovery path‖.0. step 8. Not sure if this problem related to ASM package I wasn‘t be able to get installed in step 39. but didn‘t see any proper package for me (2. Thank you very much for your help.5-1.ELsmp-2.i686.9-89.6. I have two questions regarding ASM setup.01.0.i686 2.

0. Darek January 13. I am Using Oracle enterprise linux 4 and have a laptop of 4G memory. 2010 at 4:30 pm What a complete and thorough article. and that gave me the opportunity to play with at my will. .thedarek. on both RAC1 and RAC2 nodes i can not move forward further.wordpress.I mean after the execution of the scripts during the cluster ware installation. 2009 at 8:18 pm Nice Article . 2010 at 12:05 pm Great article !! I‘ve done it but on OEL 5 and VMware 2.December 26. I took the backup before installing the clusterware.Kindly advice thanks in Thanks Frederik ! 91. Hi. I got the whole thing running after three or four attempts. 90.I tried to install RAC by following your article and the Oracle Notification Server was failed during the cluster install on nodes.2 if you want to see changes look here: http://www. Farooq January 25.

1 using the above documents. daniesh January 27. 2010 at 2:48 pm Dear Frederik. when i run ifconfig -a command on either on node1 or node I am getting the o/p as eth1:1 however when any of the node goes down.The only tricky part was to figure out the default gateway for the vmware virtual network card. After rectifying the problem it was a smooth ride afterwards. I had it wrongly defined initially and the ons daemon was having a trouble running and was going down intermittently. 2010 at 12:38 pm Hi I have installed rac 10. the second issue is ifconfig -a must show the o/p of vip on surviving node(node which is up). 92. .My setup was done successfully. Firdous Ahmad February 19. Everythin is working fine. My question is i shoud see the o/p of ifconfig -a as eth0:1.2.0. when i shut one node the vip on other node goes down. I dont see the eth1:1 on the existing node. Could you please tell me what is the issue? 93.

Personnat Alain March 8.thanks for this lovely procedure. So I stoped the cluster on both nodes. is it ok or will it create problem. always in the UNKNOWN state. at the end when I launched ‗crs_stat -t‘ I had all the services ONLINE. well i have one error. . thanks and regards firdous 94. waiting for your reply eagerly as soon as possible. I could restart rac2-vip but not rac1-vip. 2010 at 1:31 pm Very nice job indeed. I‘ve done all the steps with succes. when i configure user equivalence like $ssh rac1 date ssh_exchange_identification: Connection closed by remote host what could be the reason. But when I try to create a TEST database with dbca I encountered the following issue : rac1-vip & rac2-vip failed. then restarted the whole services without anymore trouble. Hi.

Can you pl fix that ? It will be really useful. this is a really useful article which I‘ve been using for years.Personnat 95. odba March 16. Onat March 11. A. 2010 at 10:00 pm Hi there. 2010 at 2:11 pm I am not able to see jpg file on this web site. 2010 at 7:05 pm . Did some one hav the same trouble ? Regards. I‘ve just noticed now that the all images of the article are not appearing. Any idea on that? Thanks 96. Thanks 97. Paul March 16.But when I re tried to create the TEST database I had the same issue with the vip adresses.

Hi. looks they are no longer avaiable on the server. You can find them at (e. Robert Heijne April 7. 2010 at 1:19 pm . Hi Jayendra Raju April 1.): 100. I found that the picture url‘s are not right (anymore). 2010 at 3:22 pm The screen shots are appearing in the page.wordpress.files. Can you post the screenprints somewhere? I‘m stuck with the EL27_1 picture to be precise… thx!! 98.jpg 99. Paul March 18. 2010 at 12:46 pm Googling around.g.

2010 at 7:47 pm I‘ve fixed the pics. Murtaza May 20. Tom 102.Hello Frederik. 2010 at 9:28 am Hi Frederik. Hi Frederik. 2010 at 3:52 am . Thanks for the article. Tom May 4. very useful Regards. where are all the pictures in this article ? Are you not allowed to publish anymore Regards Robert  Frederik Visser April 21. Sorry about that all! Cheers Frederik 101.

Both VMs uses the same datadisk1. What should I do now? Any help would be appreciated greatly. 2010 at 1:59 am . Reason: Failed to lock the file. I am following the instructions and at step 40. when I restart the second one. Frederik. Cheers. 104.vmdk in the share drive. Yong Zhang May 27. 2010 at 5:52 pm Very useful materias.vmdk‘ or one of the snapshot disks it depends on. ktd June 1. Thanks a lot for the useful article.I was able to successfully setup RAC on my machine using your steps. Murtaza. after cloning RAC2 VM and try to restart both VMs. Thanks. 103. I get the following error: Cannot open the disk ‗E:\Virtual Machines\Share\datadisk1.

crs:‖ and hangs there indefinitely.Thank you very much for your detailed post. Can you help resolve this? Is there anything I need to do? Please help. Thanks KTD 105. It reaches the point where it says: ―Starting init. profs June 16. Ashwin June 23. I successfully completed all the steps described here and got all nodes working right but when restarted both nodes for the first time I am not able to start the nodes anymore. 2010 at 8:58 am Thanks this is great 106. 2010 at 4:57 am Great work Thanks  Search for:  Search .

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