Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization.

According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. Personal Secretary to the Managing Director is a staff official.

Production Manager

Marketing Manager

Finance Manager

Plant Supervisor

Market Supervisor

Chief Assisstant




Features of Line and Staff Organization

1. There are two types of staff : a. Staff Assistants- P.A. to Managing Director, Secretary to Marketing Manager. b. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO 2. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. It is more complex than line concern. 3. Division of work and specialization takes place in line and staff organization. 4. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached. 5. Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization. 6. There are two lines of authority which flow at one time in a concern : a. Line Authority b. Staff Authority 7. Power of command remains with the line executive and staff serves only as counselors.
Merits of Line and Staff Organization

1. Relief to line of executives- In a line and staff organization, the advice and counseling which is provided to the line executives divides the work between the two. The line

In the line and staff authority all the officials have got independence to make decisions.The line official get used to the expertise advice of the staff. Line executives can give due concentration to their decision making. 6. This way every officer or official can concentrate in its own area. Unity of action. This results in the confusion between the two. This leads to minimizing of co. This serves as effective control in the whole enterprise. This relationship automatically ends up the line official to take better and balanced decision. Balanced decisions.In a line and staff concern. This in itself is a training ground for them. The line officials feel dissatisfied and a . This is possible due to the presence of staff specialists.The power of concern is with the line official but the staff dislikes it as they are the one more in mental work.Line and staff through division of whole concern into two types of authority divides the enterprise into parts and functional areas. Benefit of Specialization. 3. the concerns have to maintain the high remuneration of staff specialist. This feature helps in bringing co. Hence the problem of understanding can be a hurdle in effective running.ordination in work as every official is concentrating in their own area. 7.Due to the presence of staff specialists and their expert advice serves as ground for training to line officials. can pose a distress on the minds of the employees. Expert advice. the line executives get time to execute plans by taking productive decisions which are helpful for a concern. This proves to be costly for a concern with limited finance. This gives a wide scope to the line executive to bring innovations and go for research work in those areas. 4. the workers are not able to understand as to who is their commanding authority. 3. Assumption of authority. Control and its effectivity take place when co. As a result. the line executives. This can affect the efficient running of the enterprise. Better co-ordination.ordination. Lack of sound advice. Training. The factors of designations.2. Costly. the higher returns are considered to be a product of staff advice and counseling. Demerits of Line and Staff Organization 1.In a line and staff organization. Lack of understanding. At times the staff specialist also provide wrong decisions which the line executive have to consider.ordination which hampers a concern’s working.ordination is present in the concern. 8. status influence sentiments which are related to their relation.In line and staff concern. there are two authority flowing at one time. The planning and investigation which is related to different matters can be done by the staff specialist and line officers can concentrate on execution of plans. 5.The factor of specialization which is achieved by line staff helps in bringing co.Unity of action is a result of unified control. Staff steals the show.Line and staff are two authorities which are flowing at the same time. executive can concentrate on the execution of plans and they get relieved of dividing their attention to many areas. 4.Through the advice of specialized staff. 2. Line and staff conflicts. 5. Benefits of Research and Development. 6.Line and staff organization through specialization is able to provide better decision making and concentration remains in few hands.The line and staff organization facilitates expert advice to the line executive at the time of need.

He frames the time table for doing various jobs and maintains records of the work.Inspector .It is the responsibility of the inspector to see that work done conforms to the standards of quality laid down by the planning department.Speed boss . 4. renewal and repair of machines.Repair boss . therefore. The satisfaction of line officials is very important for effective results. He advocated appointment of eight foreman.He issues daily instructions to the workers and gives the schedule for the work. Office (planning the work) 1.Route clerk. Shop (execution of work) 1.Gang boss . In order to apply specialization at the supervisory level . Taylor suggested that every worker should be supervised by different experts in different phases of his job.Time and cost clerk .Disciplinarian .the main function of disciplinarian is to enforce rules and regulations and maintain discipline among workers.He is the mechanic i. fixes the route of production. A single supervisor cannot be expected to be an expert in all aspects of work and . Under this system planning and execution are repeated from each other and the job of planning is entrusted to a specialized planning department. four of them being responsible for planning the work (in the office) and other four concerned with the function of work (in the shop).He gives instruction about the way in which the work is to be done i. 2.He maintains the speed of the workers and keeps a check if workers are wasting time.e.feeling of distress enters a concern.e.He is the provider i. 4. 3. 3. . responsible for maintenance. ensures that all materials and things are available for workers to start the work.e. Taylor developed the system of functional foremanship.Instruction card clerk. 2.