DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
1. Project background
Master plan of Nhon Trach power Center was approved by industrial ministry with capacity design of 1,200MW in which Nhon Trach 1 power plant with capacity of 450MW has invested by Petro Viet Nam and now it is constructing and it will operate on March 2009. To meet power demand of the southern main key economic area in particular and whole country in general, supplement power resource supplied power for this area is very essential, special in the dry season. Through analytical and calculated in the investment project interpretation are defined. Although the power plants operate but if we are not surmounted solution, power deficiency during 2006-2010 and after 2015 will very large. Hence, on July, 18th, 2007 Prime Minister had approved of national power development plan in period of 2006-2015 and there is considered to 2025 by decision No.110/2007/Qð-TTg, in which it mentions to investment and construction of Nhon Trach 2 power plant with capacity of 750MW according to stock company form with aim finished use the natural gas source from Cuu Long and Nam Con Son basins. The owner of Nhon Trach 2 – 750KW power plant is Nhon Trach 2 Power joint stock company with founding shareholders are Viet Nam national oil and gas Group (PVN), Bank for investments and developments of Viet Nam (BIDV), Viet Nam Pots – Telecommunication Group (VNPT), Vietnam coal – minerals Group (TKV), Electric Viet Nam Group (EVN), Ha Noi synthetic export – import investment joints stock company (GELEXIMCO), Technologic development company limited (CFTD), National system trade and investment joints stock company (NETTRA). Nhon Trach 2 power plant project use technology of gas turbine combined cycle, natural gas is main fuel and DO is standby one. Following agreed area for Nhon Trach power plant, now people’s committee of Dong Nai province have had agreeable deed No 5821/UBND-CNN dated on June 30th, 2007 and approved and agreed location for Nhon Trach project management board which makes investment formality for Nhon Trach 2 power plant. This project will also be built in Nhon Trach power Center at enlarged proposition area next Nhon Trach 1 power plant. This proposed land area is 30.9ha. It belongs to hamlet No. 3, Tay Khanh village, Phuoc Khanh commune, Nhon Trach district (at Ong Keo industrial Zone). 2. Legislation and technical foundation for Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) Implementation
Refer to environmental protection of the project, EIA report for the Nhon Trach 2 Power plant has obeyed the following laws, regulations and guidelines Law on environmental protection No.52/2005/QH11 approved by national assembly of Vietnam in XI course, VIII session;
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE 11/2007
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Govermental Decree No. 80/2006/Nð-CP dated on August 09th, 2006 stipulated the guidance for implement of the law on environmental protection in detail; Circular No. 08/2006/TT-BTNMT guidance on Strategy Environmental Assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental protection Commitment; Decision No.67/2003/Nð-CP of Government about emvironmental protection fees of wastewater; Governmental Decree No. 81/2006/Nð-CP dated on August 9th 2006 stipulated on administrative punishment in environmental protection area; Decision No.1195/Qð-TTg dated on November 9th, 2005 stipulated some special policies to invest urgent power works for period of 2006-2010; Decision No 814/Qð-BTN&MT dated on June 12nd, 2006 issued by Ministry of Resources and Environment (MoNRE) on guidelines for preparation, appraisal, approval, management and implementation of specialized Project belonging to management scope of MONRE; Circular No. 2262 thi truong-Mtg on December 26th, 1995 issued by Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment on guiding of oil spills overcome; Petroleum law promulgated on July 6th 1993 and Government Decree No 84/CP dated on December 17th, 1996 regulating details of the implementation of the petroleum law; Revised petroleum law in 2001; Governmental Decision No.41/1999/QD-TTG dated on March 8th, 1999 providing the regulations of safety management for the petroleum activities; Decision No.395/1998/Qð-KHCN&MT dated on April 10th, 1998 issued by MOSTE about Regulations for environmental protection in searching, exploring, developing mines and exploiting, storing, transporting, processing oil and related services; Environmental standards of Vietnam issued by Ministry technology and Environment in 1995, 2001 and 2005; of Science,
Decision No.22/2006/Qð-BTNMT issued by MONRE of December 18, 2006 about restricted application Vietnamse standards on environment and abrogation some standards regulated accoding to decision No 35/2002/QðBKHCNMT by Minister of MOSTE on June 25th, 2002; Decision No.23/2006/Qð-BTNMT issued by MONRE on December 26th, 2006 about list of hazardous waste management; Beside above law documents and guidelines, power plant execution will apply environmental standards about air emission, wastewater, solid waste and standards about safety of fire and explosion. Decision No.22/2006/Qð-BTNMT dated on December 18th, 2006 about restricted application Vietnamse standards on environment in which restricted application 5 Vietnamse standards on environment issued by Ministry of MOSTE at decision No.1696/Qð-BKHCN on June 28th, 2006. There are 5 standards will be apply such as:
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE 11/2007
Environmental standards about Air emission Discharge standard (TCVN 7440:2005) for industrial thermo-electricity stipulates about maximum allowable concentration of pollutant of thermo-electric plant using technological fossil fuel burning (coal.Air quality – Industrial emission standards substances. 2005).85 x 1 In the operate phase with combined cycle. so capacity coefficient is Kp = 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
TCVN 5937:2005 – Air quality – Ambient air quality standards. capacity of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 750MW. capacity coefficient (Kp) and calculation method of maximum concentration of NOx. maximume alloweable concentration of pollution substances (SO2. extended upgrade capacity projects of power plant under operation (According to decision No. 07/2005/Qð-BTNMT issued by MoNRE on September 20th.
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
. the plant area located in the Ong Keo industrial zone. oil.Air quality – Industrial emission standards – inorganic substances and dusts. it is calculated allowable maximum concentration of NOx. Thus. Thus. Nhon Trach 2 power plant operates single cycle with capacty of the plant of lower 600MW so capacity coefficient of Kp=0. TCVN 5939:2005 . TCVN 5938:2005 .85 and area coefficient of Kv=1 (due to the plant area located in the Ong Keo industrial zone). NOx and dust) in the air essmesion of Nhon Trach 2 power plant in the phase are: Cmax= Ctc x 0. zone coefficient. TCVN 5940:2005 .Air quality – Maximum allowable concentration of hazardous substances in ambient air. Enclose standard is appendix No. maximume alloweable concentration of pollution substances (SO2.organic
With thermal power industry such as Nhon Trach 2 power plant obliges apllication TCVN 7440:2005 . Based on regulation of capacity coefficient (Kp). SO2 and dust in emission of thermo-electric plant (discharge source).7 x 1 In which. Ctc is maximume alloweable concentration value of pollution substances regulated in Vietnamese standard of 7440:2005.1 about zone coefficient. so area coefficient is Kv = 1. . TCVN 5945:2005 – Industrial wastewater – discharge standards. gas) when discharging into environment. . area coefficient (Kv). SO2 and dust applied for Nhon Trach 2 power plant The first phase. area (Kv).emission standards for thermal power industry for assessment and appraisal environmental requirements for newly power plant project. NOx and dust) in the air emission of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is caculated as follows: Cmax= Ctc x 0.7.
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE CONCENTRANTION OF NOX.7.000 105 (150)
Source: 1 TCVN 7440:2005 apply for the single cylce plant with coefficient Kp=0.85 (Plant capacity is 300MW<P<600MW) and area coefficient is Kv=1 (due to the plant located in Ong Keo industrial zone).000 120 80 200 rays (NDIR) Chemical fluorescent Ultraviolet photometry Mass volume sampling Quantitative analyse Infrared or fluorescent time 125
averaging averaging averaging
PPMB – PVNT2 .5 35 (50) (50)
Parameter NOx SOx CO Dust
Unit mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3
Oil burning CTð1 510 (600) 425 (500) 1. LIMIT VALUE OF PARAMETERS AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS (TCVN 5937:2005) Unit: µg/m3
1hrParameter time SO2 350 8hrtime 24hrAnalytical methods Pararosalin ultraviolet Non-Dispersable CO NO2 O3 TSP 30.RDCPSE
Owing to standard of 7440:2005 doesn’t stipulate for CO content. 2 TCVN 7440:2005 aplly for combined cycle has the capacity of 750MW. Table 2.000mg/Nm3.000 127.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Table 1. So capacity coefficient is Kp = 0.5 (150)
CTHH2 420 (600) 350 (500) 1. SO2 AND DUST IN THE EMISSION OF THERMO-POWER PLANT (FOR NHON TRACH 2 PP)
TCVN 7440:2005 Gas burning CTð1 CTHH2 212.The power plant located in Ong Keo industrial zone so area coefficient is Kv = 1.5 175 (250) (250) 255 210 (300) (300) 1.000 200 180 300 10. the maximum allowance limit of CO in air emission will comply with the standard 5939:2005 is 1. For the ambient air environment.000 42. Nhon Trach power plant will comply with the maximum allowance limits on ground concentration according to TCVN 5937:2005 (Table 2).000 1. so.
ALLOWABLE VIBRATION LIMITS IN CONSTRUCTION AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION TCVN 6962:2001 FOR SURROUNDING AREA
Vibration allowance limits in construction activity (dB) From 7h to 19h 1 Areas need to be quiet: Hospital.Ha Noi.
. library. 75 From 19h to 7h Basic level* Vibration allowance limits in production activity (dB) From 6h to 18h 60 From 18h to 6h 55
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
1hrParameter Dust ≤ 10 µm (PM10) Pb time -
24hrAnalytical methods Quantitative inertia separate Mass volume sampling and atomic absorb spectrum analysis or time 150
averaging averaging averaging
1. Table 3.Vietnamese standards about noise level and vibration level − Standard about noise level for surrounding area
Noise caused by project implementation for commercial and service area and factories intermingling in residential area will be applied to TCVN 5949:1995 (Table 3).22h 45 55 70 70 22h 6h 40 45 50 50 -
1 2 3 4
Source: 31 compulsory Vietnamese Standard . hotels. kindergarten. Table 4. sanatorium. MAXIMUM ALLOWANCE LIMIT FOR NOISE LEVELS IN PUBLIC AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS (TCVN 5949:1995)
Time No Area Areas need to be quiet: Hospital. sanatorium. school Residential areas. administrative office Commercial and service areas Small industrial residential areas factories intermingling in accommodations.5
Note: PM10: Suspended bust with aerodynamics is > 10µm. library. 6h 18h 50 60 70 75 18h . 2002 − Vibration limits for ambient environment
Vibration caused by activities of project construction and industrial production for surrounding environment will be applied to TCVN 6962:2001 (Table 4).
swimming and aquaculture purposes (column B). will be treated before discharging into received environment (comply with Vietnamese standards).Vietnamese standard about wastewater . cooling water may not be considered as productive wastewater. irrigation. Therefore. guest houses.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
kindergarten. the Nhon Trach power plant will comply strictly Vietnamese standard TCVN 5945:2005 with discharged cooling water temperature is equal or lower 40oC into received environment which is used for waterway transportation.RDCPSE
.Ha Noi. Nowadays. industrial effluents discharged into concentrated wastewater treatment plant are not exceeding the limit value in column C. In case. hotels. Industrial wastewater of Nhon Trach 2 power plant after treated will be discharged into Dong Tranh river and polluted substances in wastewater are not exceed the limit value in TCVN 5945:2005 (column B) application for other area except area for domestic water supply (column A). cooling water system does not take part to technological process. THE LIMIT VALUES OF PARAMETERS AND CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENTS DISCHARGED INTO RIVERS USING FOR PROTECTION OF AQUATIC LIFE– TCVN 5945-2005 (column B)
Limit value No 1 2 Parameter Temperature pH Unit
A 40 6÷9
B 40 5. Only for treated industrial wastewater of Nhon Trach power plant when discharging into the Dong Tranh river will not be exceed the limit value in TCVN 5945:2005.Cooling water In operation phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. 2002 Note: * Basic level is vibration level measured when without facilities working in the assessed area . limit of parameters and concentration of industrial wastewater when discharging into the water environment will comply the Vietnamese standard TCVN 5945:2005.5 -9
C 45 5 -9
PPMB – PVNT2 . − Industrial wastewater
Industrial wastewater is wastewater discharged from the production process. For only discharged cooling water temperature. school Residential. Table 5. it is only used with aiming of indirect heat exchange. so project owner has not to comply with Vietnamese standard limits for wastewater. administrative office Small industrial intermingling in areas factories residential 75 Basic level* 65 60
Source: 31 compulsory Vietnamese Standard .
5 2 5 5 2 5 10 5 0.05 0.01 0.5 1 5 1 0.1 0.2 2 3 0.5 10 600 10 30 6 5000
C 100 400 200 0.0
Total radioactivity α Total radioactivity β
0.01 1 0.005 0.05 1 0.5 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Limit value No 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Parameter Odour Colour.2 0.01 0.1 0.005 0.5 0.5 5 20 2 0.1 0.1 1 15 1000 15 60 8 -
mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l MPN/100 ml
30 50 50 0.RDCPSE
.1 0.5 0.2 5 500 5 15 4 3000 90% fish live after 96hours in 100% wastewater 0.1 0.07 0.2 1 10 30 0.01 1 0.01 0. Co-Pt at pH=7 BOD5 (20 C) COD TSS arsen Mercury Pb Cadimi Crom (VI) Crom (III) Cu Zn Niken Mangan Iron (Fe) Tin cyanur Phenol Mineral oil and fat Animal-vegetable oil Residue Clorine PCBs Pesticide: phosphorous Pesticide: organic Clo Sulfur Florur Clorur Amoni (according to Nitô) Total Nitrogen Total phosphorus Coliform organic
A Non-nuisance 20
B Non-nuisance 50 50 80 100 0.1 5 10 1 0.1 1 2 3 0.1 1.05 0.5 1 0.3 0.2 0.0
PPMB – PVNT2 .1 1.
Designs requirements. technical requirements. Implementation of EIA report To hasten construction progress of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. Technical requirements.Vietnamese standards applied to gas leakage. TCVN 5739-1993: Fire fighting equipment – coupling heads. Vietnam Construction standards. TCVN 4090-85: Main pipelines for oil and oil products transportation – design principle. volumes 1. Fire fighting water pipe. The below Vietnamese Standards applied gas leakage and fire. SUMMARIZE ENVIRONMETAL STANDARDS APPLIED FOR NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Parameters Concentration of NOx. consider tender document of RDCPSE (technical and financial
PPMB – PVNT2 . consider professional capacity and experiences in consultancy works for EIA report establishment. fire and explosion
The gas leakage and fire. SOx. installation and utilization. explosion are listed as follows: TCVN 3254-89: Fire protection.RDCPSE 11/2007
. general safety and requirements. TCVN 5307-91: Oil and oil product storage tank. and solid wastes generated from the project operation as well as monitoring the ambient environment surrounding project area in accordance with the environmental criteria that listed in above tables during the project operation life. liquid effluents. SOx and dust at discharge source Concentration of CO at discharge source Concentration of emission (CO. the project owner had submitted a separate report on general design fire fighting and preventing plan for the project to Agency on Fire Protection and Fire Fighting – Ministry of Security.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The project owner has responsibilities to control emission gas. General Requirement for project designs. Vietnamese standards applied for Nhon Trach 2 power plant are listed in Table 6. 2 & 3. NOx. explosion detection system will be designed. 3. Table 6. TCVN 2622-1995: Fire Protection for Buildings. TCVN 35738-93: Fire detection and alarm system. TCVN 5760-1993: Fire extinguishing system. installed and operated and met the Vietnamese standards. TCVN 6379-1998: Fire fighting equipment. In general. dust) in ambient air environment The noise of ambient environment The vibration of ambient environment Discharge cooling water temperature Industrial wastewater Environmental standard TCVN 7440:2005 TCVN 5939:2005 TCVN 5937:2005 TCVN 5949:1995 TCVN 6962:2001 TCVN 5945:2005 TCVN 5945:2005
Particularly about fire fighting and preventing.
RDCPSE . Ho Chi Minh city. buy meteorological and hydrological data. Organize field survey. Carry out field survey. Chemistry Doctor of Responsibilities in the project Chief editor
Group for EIA report preparation 2 Dao Duy Manh Manager of Environmental Dept. Nhon Trach GGPMB and RDCPSE have contracted as consultancy contractor to carry out EIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant Project. Run Air emission dispersion modeling and wastewater dispersion modeling. Geology bachelor .Fax number: 84-8. Collect data.Engineer of Petrochemistry Deputy Manager of Environmental Dept. ðao Duy Khu Contact address: G1.5566075 . Reporting. Telephone number: 84-8.RDCPSE
. 27 ward.Collect and treat data Prepare partly report
Le Thi Ngoc Mai
Pham Thi Dung
Nguyen Ngoc Son Tran Phi Hung
PPMB – PVNT2 . RDCPSE – Master of Science – Technical environment Expert of Environmental Dept. Thanh ða hotel.
List of researchers participated EIA report implementation is as follows: Table 7. RDCPSE carried out the following steps: Measure.5566076
After receiving the Decision of Petro Vietnam and Nhon Trach-HCMC GPPMB. . investigate socio-economic condition for the project area.Engineer of IT Expert of Environmental Dept.Field survey. Collect local community opinions. Prepare and edit EIA report .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
proposal document) including draft of the fundamentals and expenditure for EIA report. LIST OF RESEARCHERS PARTICIPATING DEIA REPORT ESTABLISHMENT FOR THE PROJECT
No 1 Name Vu Cong Thang Position/Specialty Deputy director. Binh Thạnh district . sampling and analysis for environmental baseline in dry and rainy season. RDCPSE – Master of Science – Ecological environment Deputy Manager of Environmental Dept. data collection and treatment. Consulting service organization: Research and Environment Development Center for Petroleum Safety and
Director: Mr. RDCPSE – Engineer – Technical environment Organize human and material resources in Environmental Dept.
Biology Organize human and bachelor. Nguyen Van Khoi. Organize human and Chemistry bachelor.. material resources in Biology Lab..Review baseline survey report 15 Nguyen Van Mai Deputy Manager of Lab. RDCPSE – Engineer of IT 12 Dinh Quang Bao Expert of Environmental Dept. experts carried out field sampling and analysis in lab. Group Measure. Air.Senior expert Biological diversity and aquatic analysis Report review 1 Nguyen Thi Thanh Tam Management board of NT power plant 2 Nguyen Ngoc Hai NT2 petroleum electric power join stock company
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
. Professor Dr. material resources in Lab-analysis 16 Hoang Thai Loc Manager of Biology. Bachelor environmental parameters in Lab.Senior expert Run Cooling water and industrial wastewater dispersion modeling 21 Dr. Minh Geology bachelor 10 Vu Ngoc Trinh Expert of Environmental Dept. sampling and analysis (physiochemical and biological parameters) – prepare baseline survey report 14 Hoang Nguyen Manager of laboratory. 18 Doan Dang Phi Expert of Biological Lab. sediment biology. Doctor of Organize human and chemistry material resources in Lab. RDCPSE – Engineer – Technical environment 9 Dinh Thi Nguyet Expert of Environmental Dept. – Review and check biological result. 17 Tran Khanh Tung Expert of Chemical Lab. RDCPSE – Engineer – environmental chemistry 8 Thai Cam Tu Expert of Environmental Dept. Data treatment and running modeling RDCPSE – Master of IT 11 Nguyen Thi Thuy Expert of Environmental Dept. Master of and Analysis Cong biology 19 Dinh Van Hai Expert of Biological Lab. Map making RDCPSE – Engineer of IT Group for baseline survey – measure. water. Nguyen Tat Dac.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Responsibilities in the project
Name Tran Thi Tu Anh
Expert of Environmental Dept. of biology … And many Engineers. sampling leader. Consultant and Collaborator 20 Ass.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Nhon Trach district which is located in the Southwest of Dong Nai province. Nhon Trach district. Hoang Xuan Quoc
Tel.1 PROJECT NAME ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR NHON TRACH 2 COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT 1. its branche is in Ho Chi Minh city and its contact address is as follows: Chief executive officer (CEO) General Director Address Hamlet 3. Dong Nai province. Dong Nai province G2. number Fax.
1. It is 23km Southeast far from Ho Chi Minh city and far about 19. Phuoc Khanh commune. Location of the project is at confluence of Dong Tranh – Long Tau rivers belonging ward 3. Ho Chi Minh City : 84-8-5562963 : 84-8-5565997 : Mr.RDCPSE 11/2007
. On the East by Long Thanh district (Dong Nai province) and Tan Thanh district (Ba Ria – Vung Tau). Tay Khanh hamlet. 51 as the crow flies.
Layout of the plant is contiguous to Nhon Trach 1 power plant. Le Tu Hieu : Dr. Ho Chi Minh city. far about 7km from crowded residential area and administrative organizations of Phuoc Khanh commune. Binh Thanh District. on the left of Long Tau riverbank.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
SECTION 1. Ward 27. Phuoc Khanh commune. On the South and West by Nha Be district.3
The Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant is located at the East of Nhon Trach Power Center of Ong Keo Industrial zone (IZ).2 PROJECT OWNER
Project owner is Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock Company (PVNT2) that its head office is in Nhon Trach district. 1. is bounded as follows: On the North by Long Thanh district (Dong Nai province).5km South – West from National Road No.1. number 1. Dong Nai province. Nhon Trach district. Latitude: 10o38’ Phuoc Khanh commune. Coordinate of location (UTM): Longitude: 106o50’ . district 2 and 9 of Ho Chi Minh city. Thanh Da hotel. Diagram of Geographical location of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is shown in Fig.
356 ha for compensation and plant’s constructive area.1. • The Plant will generate power to the network system with voltage of about 220kV.256 ha in which plant layout occupied 30.1 Power Plant Description 1. Principle of power generation process of the power plant is summarized as follows: Natural gas from gas distribution station (GDS) is heated (or DO from storage tanks) and led into the combustion chambers of 2 gas turbines.4.4 MAIN CONTENT OF THE PROJECT  Nhon Trach 2 power plant. In addition. 1. Dong Nai People Committee has temporarily provided to Nhon Trach Power Project Management Board (PPMB) about 14. with total area of approximately 30.200MW. The overall CCPP layout arrangement is designed in according to the following principals: • Capacity of the plant is 750 MW. The main fuel of the plant is natural gas and standby fuel is DO. using natural gas with capacity of about 750MW. • Cooling water will be intaken from Dong Tranh river and discharged to Long Tau river. it must be ensure that temperature of discharged water does not exceed 400C.2 Main Units Main units of plant is described as follows: Gas Turbine – Generator Unit
PPMB – PVNT2 . High – pressure steam from HRSG is directed to steam turbine and generator to produce power.RDCPSE
.4. Exhaust from 2 gas turbines is continuously routed to 2 Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG) in order to transform water into high pressure steam. arrangement of main facilities of the plant is also depended on module configuration standard designs. The CCPP is designed with poly-axes configuration including two (02) gas turbines of F generation. Therefore. The layout of Nhon Trach power plant is arranged with configuration of 2-2-1.4. 1.9 ha and working area of 14. In these chambers.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
1. the axis of turbine connected with roto’s generator to generate electricity.356 ha. The major facilities of CCPP are standardized and manufactured in separated modules in order to minimise the on-site construcion and fabrication costs. which is combined cycle power plant (CCPP).2.9 ha (approved according to Decision 3018/Qð-UBND dated on September 21st 2007 by Dong Nai People Committee).1. heat energy release from gas firing is transformed into mechanical energy to rotate blades of gas turbine. Diagram of plant layout arrangement of Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant is illustrated in Figure 1. • Developing phases are in turn from East to West: Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 with total capacity of Nhon Trach Power Center of 1. two (02) heat recovery steam generators (HRSG) and one (01) steam turbine and generators enclosed with turbines.1 Description of the plant configuration Capacity of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 750 MW with total area of approximately 45. However.
fire fighting system (detector. c. etc…). The filters will purify particulates from atmosphere so as to particulates are within allowable limit. turbine lubricating oil system. moisture or dust particle. Heat energy generated from fuel combustion process is converted into mechanical energy rotating GT compressors and generators. GT.oC
Source: Conceptual design . Cooling system of turbine using compressed air to cool rotor and turbine blades without external cooling system. Gas turbine has blade stages. alarm. storm water. hydraulic valve). Turbine has several blade rows. purging water. • Steam/ water injection system for NOx reducing (in case of oil firing).Vol. kJ/kWh 9. Each gas turbine – generator unit comprises air compressors. these blades were made of high temperature alloy. pre-mix. Basic characteristics of GT of Power Plant are summarised in Table 1. ect. Table 1.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Gas Turbine (GT) installed in the plant will be F-generation one using gas and/or DO. Auxiliary systems include: control and measurement system (monitoring temperature. in case of gas firing. After compressed process. kg/s 549-675
Gas exhaust Temp. fire fighting. liquid fuel auxiliary system (diffuser. Low NOx burners is equipped at the combustion chamber and minimizes CO emission generated from pre – mix process and stable firing process with high efficiency. cooling system and auxiliaries a. air-filter. d.000-9. protection system (safety blow down.).730 Exhaust gas flow rate. MW Gas firing ISO condition 260-280 Efficiency. etc.1. air is supplied to combustion chamber. this system will be used for increasing capacity (if required). small sands of 23µ m. Compressor (consists of several blade stages) places coaxial with turbine and provides compressed air for fuel combustion process and turbine cooling. oil control system. however. silencer. b. so the cooling air for turbine is extracted from appropriate compressor stages.
PPMB – PVNT2 . where the gas or oil is burned. First blades were specially coated for anti-corrosion at high temperature. rotate speed. % 37-40 Heat rate. each blade row requires cooling air at different pressure. 9/2007 The operating principle of gas turbine – generator unit is summarised as follows: Combustion air will be pulled into compressors via intake air filters. capacity of each turbine is approximately 240-260MW.RDCPSE
.1 MAIN PARAMETERS OF GAS TURBINE Capacity. Water supplied for this system is demineralized one.1: Investment Report. the air inlet system will be equipped before compressors.). Equipment and auxiliary systems of gas turbine have to be equipped synchronously with gas turbine and including (but not limited) the following equipment: • Air inlet system: To prevent dirtiness of compressor blades and erosion of turbine blades.
bar Steam flows. Basic parameters of HRSG are presented in Table 1. which is stuck on compressor blades.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
• Water system for washing air compressors in order to remove the dirtiness. Table 1. The feed – water tank/ de-aerator receives condensed water from the condensed well of the condenser via the condensed water pump.2. • Hydraulic system for control and safety. 9/2007 Major components of each HRSG include an LP economizer. allowing combined gas turbine quickly change to single cycle GT as necessary. 0 C Pressure. IP evaporator. HP economizer. Heat energy spread out from the GT is recovered by HRSG in order to transform water into steam and supply for steam turbine. • Start-up and stop system. • Fuel supply system: consists of gas fuel supply system and oil fuel supply system. which is responsible for transferring heat from gas cycle to steam cycle. HP evaporator. Main stack is installed in the end of HRSG (with horizontal one) just behind exhaust gas pipe and is built on separate base. LP super heater.Vol.RDCPSE
. HRSG will be 3 pressure reheat stages. LP evaporator. After flowing through the heat transfer sections. Bypass stack supports gas turbine operating single cycle when construction and installation of HRSG as well as HRSG or steam turbine failures. DATA ABOUT EXHAUST GASES FROM STACKS OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
PPMB – PVNT2 . Damper is installed below bypass stack.1: Investment Report. By using the system for cleaning compressor. is formed by dust and other foreign matters gone in with air. and to turbine and generator shaft bases. T/h LP 240 5 35 IP 560 30 55 HP 560 128 260 Cold reheat 365 32 255 Hot reheat 560 30 255
Source: Conceptual design . MAIN PARAMETERS OF HRSG
Gas Parameters The temperature of inlet gas: 5800C Gas emission temperature:1000C Gas emission flow: 2. HP drum. • Lubricating oil system: supplies oil and cools to the bearing of gas turbine and generator. Table 1.2. HP super heater. Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) The HRSG is important faction of the CCPP.3. IP drum. • Cooling water system. overhaul. exhaust gases from each HRSG will be dismissed to the atmosphere by each stack. IP super heater. efficiency values of compressor and turbine capacity can be reinstated to the initial values. LP drum. It is hydraulically controlled. IP economizer. Data about exhaust gases from stacks of plant is presented in Table 1.3.400T/h Steam parameter Temperature.
MAIN PARAMETERS OF STEAM TURBINE
PPMB – PVNT2 . IP and LP steam by-pass station will be equipped to accomplish high operational flexibility in start – up.34 mg/Nm3 7 Levels of emission 16. High pressure (HP) steam from HRSG is supplied to high pressure ST via the main isolate valve and control valve.57 428.8 6. The main parameters of steam turbine are presented in Table 1.25 16. the cold reheat steam is mixed with intermediate pressure (IP) steam and then being superheated in IP super heater.021 0. The hot reheat steam is entering the IP steam turbine and via control valve and isolate valve. The steam will depressurize among blade stages of turbine and rotate the generator. After the turbine.29 41.7 594 97 DO Burning
No .8 3.25 5 5 Source: Conceptual design . is condensed steam turbine. The by-pass system is designed with 100% of maximum steam capacity.Vol. Table 1.
1 2 3 4 5
Stack’s coordinate Stack’s height Stack’s diameter Emission flow Emission temperature at stack’s outlet Emission speed
Bypass stack Main stack Bypass stack Main stack Bypass stack Main stack Bypass stack Main stack Bypass stack Main stack SO2 Bypass stack Main stack NOx Bypass stack Main stack CO Bypass stack Main stack Ash Bypass stack Main stack
m m m3/s
6. Auxiliary equipment and systems of steam turbine have to equip synchronous with steam turbine (but not limited) the following equipment: • Hydraulic and lubricant oil system. • Condensed water and feed. • Control. 15/8/2007 6
Steam Turbine (ST) – Generator Unit Steam turbine (ST).83 0. Separate HP.7 1.373. steam is routed to the condenser surface and cooled by water. In low pressure (LP) ST.8 6.RDCPSE
.4. with ST capacity of about 250 – 280MW.57 150 150 15 15 10 10
86.517. protection and monitoring system.78 428.021 51.1: Investment Report.135.34 51.36 37. which will be installed in plant.4.0 594 141 85. From the outlet of high-pressure steam turbine.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Natural Gas Burning 6. • Governing system. It has three pressure levels reheat. the third steam supplied source from LP section of HRSG is fed through an isolate valve and control valve.9 1.096. halt and other abnormal operation.8 3.
• Air compressors.1: Investment Report.
b) Auxiliary cooling water system Closed cooling water system is designed for other auxiliary systems which beside the condenser of steam turbine such as: • Generator air coolers.800m3/h. steel pipe leading cooling water to condenser of ST.5 510
Source: Conceptual design .
PPMB – PVNT2 .5 110
High Pressure 558 124 520
Cold reheat 367 33 510
Hot reheat 558 29. bar Flow. Intake and discharge flows of cooling water of Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant are approximately 18 m3/s or 64. The distance from cooling water intake point to discharge point must be to ensured >1km in order to prevent temperature water turbulence. Cooling water system of Nhon Trach combined cycle power plant is opened circulating water type. • Gas turbine oil coolers. 0 C Pressure.3 Circulation cooling water system As Nhon Trach 1. 9/2007 1. Open discharged channel will be designed for whole Electric Power center The cooling water system must be ensured cooling requirement for the condenser of ST and auxiliary cooling water.4m.RDCPSE 11/2007
Intermediate Pressure 558 29.1. The water intake from Dong Tranh river by bottom pipe and discharge into the Long Tau river by closed drain.4. It is in taken from Dong Tranh river and discharged into the Long Tau river by discharged channel of the Power Centre after cooling process. • Coolers for feed-water pumps.Vol. a) Circulation cooling water system and drain
Cooling water of the condenser of Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant is designed to insure the demand which for 750MW power plant with 10% margin. • Steam turbine oil coolers. estimative diameter is about 3. T/h
Low Pressure 238 4. The length of cooling water intake pipe from pump station to siphon pit is approximately 770m. Cooling water system of Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant is designed including cooling water pump station on Dong Tranh river. capacity of cooling water system will adjust equivalent. If real power plant capacity is more than 10% of design capacity. cooling water will be supplied for Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant from river water. stopping pumps. Closed cooling water system is designed with 3 heat exchange loops as follows: • Loop 1: Heat received from auxiliary equipments through heat exchange solvent such as oil or hydro. .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Capacity 250 280 -
Steam parameters Temperature. from which to closed drain to open discharged channel. from condenser to siphon pit.
Vol.Pump pit and pump station are located near Dong Tranh riverside. .800m3/h.1. .2 4.0m pipe Source: Conceptual design .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
• Loop 2: Heat exchange between oil and demineralized water.Cooling water discharge pipeline from condenser of ST to siphon pit.580
10.2 57 757 Width (m) 8.Inlet system: intake mouth and pump pit.5 12
Cooling water pump pit Cooling water intake channel to condenser and pipeline from condenser to siphon pit Siphon pit Box-culvert
1 1 route
23.Siphon pit and box-culvert: routed discharge cooling water to waste water pit of Nhon Trach electric power center.98 3.34 Selected value 3.Cooling water pipeline: lead cooling water from pump station to condenser of ST.6 CONSTRUCTION ITEMS OF COOLING WATER SYSTEM
No. 15th 2007 Construction items of cooling water system are presented in Table 1.6 15 Height (m) 10. .1 3. .RDCPSE 11/2007
7 Chloride dosing house 1 18 7. . The size of main pipeline of cooling water system is presented in following table: Table 1. Cooling water system includes main items as follows: .4m
Diameter of collected m 2.Vol.1: Investment Report.1: Investment Report. August.5 SIZE OF MAIN PIPELINE OF COOLING WATER SYSTEM Items Diameter of pipe taken from river Unit m Calculated value 3. .4 Switchyard area
PPMB – PVNT2 .Designed cooling water flow is 18m3/s or 64. Table 1.700 14. • Loop 3: Heat exchange between demineralized water and outer circuit water.6.Cooling water discharge from waste water pit to Long Tau river through underground pipeline (was invested construction by Nhon Trach 1).4.8 5.2 1.2 Source: Conceptual design . 1 2 3 4 Cooling mouth Cooling station Items water water intake pump Quantity 1 1 1 1 Length (m) 35 50. 9/2007
595 4.338 89.481 LHV (MJ/m 3) 37. Estimation of fuel gases of Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant is shown in Table 1.8.0001 0.500 6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 CO2 N2 CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4H10 C4H10 C5H12 C5H12 C6H14 C6H6 C7H12 C6H12 C6H12 C7H14 C7H8 Total sulphur content (S) H2S Compositions Mol percentage (% mol) 1.534 3.108 0.063 0.0001 0. 1.157 0.8 ppm 10.4.01 697 760 824 8
1GT: 248 2GT:49 6
0.00005 3. The gas fuel supply system includes all equipment and pipelines from the terminal point of the plant boundary to the flange input of gas turbines.00 348 380 411 9 2.2 FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM OF THE POWER PLANT 1.0001 0.1 Gas Fuel Supply System Main fuel supplied for Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant is natural gas from Nam Con Son basin.2.11 8 37. hour Mean Max 5. Table 1.7.RDCPSE
.560 0.538 0.377 0.7 NATURAL GAS DEMAND OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT Unit: million m3
Capacit y (MW) HR (KJ/KW h) 9481 9.091 0.266 2.Vol.00005 0.11 8 Gas sourc e NCS NCS Gas demand.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
220kV switchyard of Nhon Trach 2 will be connected to expanse part of Nhon Trach 1 power plant in order to easily connect to electricity system.500 (20h) (24h) 1.041 76.127
Source: Conceptual design . Table 1.1: Investment Report.0001 0. 15th 2007
Characteristics of gases supplied from Nam Con Son basin is shown in Table 1.267 1.000 6. August.4. million m3 Date Month Year.520 38.1 ppm
PPMB – PVNT2 .8 COMPOSITIONS OF NAM CON SON GAS
• Gas reheater Gas reheater will be installed (if necessary) in order to reheat fuel gas and meet required temperature to gas turbines.RDCPSE 11/2007
. 2006. including emergency shut – down.6 ppm 1. washers and locations. Total designed capacity of the gas supply system is calculated as total gas flow of each gas turbine. Isolate valves must be operated by remote control. NFPA. relief valves. These detectors will send alarms to control chamber in case of having gas leakage. is around 130 Nm3/h. both of two level – separate filters will be installed in gas pipeline to generators and designed in order to replace every item in whole station. Gas supply system and auxiliary equipments are designed according to ANSI.
Gas supply system will ensure receiving. 19 20 21 22 23 Mercaptan Hg
Mol percentage (% mol) 1. DIN. The pressure regulator system
Pressure control system includes two parallel regulators. gas temperature and quality according to gas fuel standards of gas turbines at all operation conditions of plant. • Gas separate filter station
In order to reject impurities and separate moisture from supply gas in order to avoid choking up breathe gas valves and/or counteract the effects of the control valve and measure equipment. which supply gas for gas turbine – generator unit in the case of emergency. • • Condensate tank
The liquid is collected from separators and routed to condensate tank. which has a capacity of 750MW. nitrogen purging system. Isolate valves (Emergency shutdown valves) Isolate valves will be installed at receiving point and maybe isolated the whole of gas supply system.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
No. PVEC March. 325/ðKPM-DAD dated 18 April. The pressure regulators system is provided safety valves. • Leakage detection system
Detectors will be installed at flanges. every regulator is designed with full load. RAL standards and other related regulations. and temperature gauge. which is
capable of gas leakage. both of them operate but the second regulator operates with the set point lower than the first regulator to ensure that gas turbine can operate in case the first regulator of emergency to avoid GT unwanted stopping. Total gas flow of Nhon Trach 2 CCPP. max 60 barg
Gross heating value (GHV) Inlet temperature of gas distribution center (GDC) Inlet pressure of GDC
Source: Document No. on/off function will be activated from control room of center by hand.8 ppm 41 MJ/m3 Min 15oC above dew point. This
PPMB – PVNT2 . pressured gas supplement. pipe and vent. Max 60oC Min 40 barg. pressure gauges. 2006 of PM – Ho Chi Minh city gas pipeline management Board and Investment report for Gas supply for Nhon Trach 1.
Max 44800 – 46050 0. this filter will be rejected erosion and damp impurities. 1. Every final filter will be equipped safe valve. and nitrogen purging system.3 – 5.2 using in Nhon Trach 2 power plant is shown in Table 1.1 0. It used to isolate gas turbine from gas supply system.01.4. Table 1.RDCPSE
.9. Standby fuel of plant is DO (Distillate Oil) with low sulphur in order to reduce SOx and dust emission. Regulators will reduce the gas pressure to appropriate value in all case of gas turbine loads. • Purging gas supply system unit
Purging unit uses nitrogen (N2).2. DO supply system When gas supplied source have problem. This equipment is designed with suitable N2 pressure in order to clean completely gas supply system without effect on other equipment of gas turbine.876 1. only several days in year. Composition and specification of typical DO No. DO fuel will be used instead of gas fuel because there are no gas or not enough gas supply for plant. Operation time using DO will be limited. control variance speed of flow in order to adjust pressure and temperature fluctuation.1 0.6 – 13.19 13.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
system will be installed behind pressure regulator and by – pass system with two globe valves. • Emergency shutdown valves
Emergency shutdown valves are installed prior metering gas fuel skid.9 SPECIFICATION OF DO STT Specifications Composition (according to weight of burning gas) Carbon Hydro Nitrogen Oxygen Sulphur Humidity Ash Total Heat value Density (15oC/15oC) Viscosity at 40oC Flash point Specific value Limitary value Unit
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
% % % % % % % % KJ/Kg cSt o C
PPMB – PVNT2 .3 – 86.11 0.8
1. gas venting.81 – 0. • Final filter
Dust-liquids separator is installed outside of GT room in order to protect turbine. In order to dismiss gas after shutdown valve and before GT.5 12.0. gas venting is installed behind the emergency shutdown valve. • Gas flow meters skid
Gas flow meters indicate continuously gas flow for each gas turbine and whole of the plant.85
85.7 0 0 42208 0.5 51. Max 0.
Wastewater of the plant is classified into 2 groups: regular and irregular wastewater. DO No. final neutralization and treatment tanks. Max 0. etc.21 8 2 6 1 7 days (m3) Mean Max (20h) (24h) 8. 4
Source: Conceptual design . dated on 18 April 2006 of PM-Ho Chi Minh city gas pipeline management board
DO consumption of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is presented in Table 1.3. The connection can be implemented when the DO quantity of Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plants is equivalent.1 Wastewater treatment system Wastewater of the power plant includes: oily wastewater.621 9.4.3 AUXILIARY SYSTEM 1. separators and pre–treated oily water tank.865 0.3. The first part is to receive and pre-treat from discharged sources including tanks such as: septic tanks.772 10. from there. However. regenerative wastewater of demineralized water system.. Table 1.600
0. all irregular and regular wastewater are collected in steady wastewater storage basin.1: Investment Report. drain water of HRSG and steam turbine. 1. flushing. Irregular wastewater sources are from HRSG cleaning water.16 2. Wastewater treatment system of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be designed separately with others in Nhon Trach Power Center.10.000m3 near and connect with tanks of Nhon Trach 1 power plant..05.2 will be used as standby fuel for NT1 and NT2 plants.600 42.4. chemical wastewater. DO supplement and storage system of plant will be equipped two (02) storage tanks.621
42. including tanks such as: Wastewater pit. Regular waster water sources are from HSRG blow – down. The second part is final neutralization and treatment system.54 21.2 108. Gas turbines are designed to transform automatically from gas using to standby fuel (DO). The system includes two (02) main parts.05 5 3
1GT: 240 2GT: 480
54.588 9. So that.RDCPSE 11/2007
.60 15. from GT and compressors washing and from chemical storage and supply area. volume of each tank is 8.10 DO CONSUMPTION OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
Capacity (MW) HR (KJ/KWh) LHV (kJ/Kg) Density Hour DO consumption.106 4 1 2. ton Day 7 days (ton) Mean Max Mean Max (20h) (24h) (20h) (24h) 1.17 18. Max 0.08 1.30 7.. and domestic wastewater. from closed circuit cooling water system. chemical wastewater pre–neutralization tanks. there are two existing oil tanks of 8.Vol.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Therefore.325/ðKPM-DAD. August 15th2007
In order to meet requirement of 07 days operation.52 7 17.000m3.35 282 – 338 1 Max
STT 13 14 15 16 17
Specifications Melting point Water and sediment Carbon residue (10% sediment) Distillate (90%) Anti-corrosion pipeline (V+Pb+Zn+Ni)
Unit C %Vol %Wt o C ppm
Source: Document No.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Limitary value -6. Diagram of DO system principle is illustrated in Figure 1.
200 Real Design capacity 58 Source: Conceptual design .100
PPMB – PVNT2 . on Dong Tranh river with co-ordinate: X = 1176185. 1 2 Capacity Fresh-water Parameter demand for Unit MW m3/day Value 750 1. sludge thicken.12 FRESH WATER DEMAND OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT No. In operation phase.2 Fresh-water treatment system At present.Vol. including: . Rainy discharged system of the plant will be designed to ensure enough capacity and self-flow. In which. Table 1.12.100m3/day.Demineralization water.RDCPSE
.3.4967.Domestic water. waste solid will be pumped to sludge sedimentation tank to dehydrate. The fresh-water supply system is designed to supply enough water for Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant. Nhon Trach 2 power plant will use water source from city.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
wastewater is pumped to final neutralization pit for treatment and monitoring. Location of industrial wastewater and rainy discharge point will be near DO jetty. collect and transport to solid waste storage area. treated water met allowable standard is discharged by open channel to Dong Tranh river.0131. water source will be taken from pump station at Vinh Thanh Commune and the supply water pipeline to Nhon Trach 1 is about 10km.3 Total Oily wastewater 195 8 Domestic water (water using in 24h) 30 1.11. 15/8/2007 Description Detail description of wastewater treatment system will be shown in section 4 of this report.200m3/day. Y = 591742. Fresh-water consumption of Power plant is shown in Table 1.3 Total wastewater in final neutralization basin 1.1: Investment Report. . watering.
1. Fresh-water supply system for Nhon Trach 2 (NT2) will share with one of Nhon Trach 1 (NT1) power plant. Design capacity of wastewater treatment system of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is around 58m3/h. Table 1. to serve all demands of technical water source of Nhon Trach 1 Power plant during construction phase. phase 1 (in operation phase) is about 52 m3/day from city water source. etc…). All sludge. .192 49. Total raw water supplied for Nhon Trach 2 is around 1.4.6 ~1. detail quantity of each wastewater type is shown in Table 1.Service water (floor cleaning. Total water in construction phase is about 1.11 CAPACITY OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM FOR NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT Values m3/h m3/day Total Chemical-contaminated wastewater 967 40.
Filtered water treatment system.Supplemented water for HRSG. . 3
construction phase Fresh-water demand for operation 52 phase 4 Total fresh-water demand 1.200 Source: Conceptual design .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
No.3. NT 2 power plant will use city water source with capacity of 52 m3/day. and identified by suitable indicator lights Diagram of fresh water supplied system for NT 2 power plant is shown in Figure 1.3 Fire preventing and fighting system
PPMB – PVNT2 . d) Control and measuring system Control and measuring system is designed to control or monitor from central control room for following systems and equipment: .Vol. The domestic water demand of Nhon Trach power plant is calculated for 150 operators with norm of 200 litres/person/day. domestic water distribution system and other demands. treatment process of this system includes two levels: reverse osmosis filter (RO) and ion exchange. 15/8/2007 a) Service water supply system In operation phase.RDCPSE 11/2007
.1: Investment Report. valves. . . Control and monitoring functions will be carried out by PLC system.Monitoring system for demineralization water quantity. water will be supplied to demineralization system. Thus. All control signals and indication equipment shall be shown on control panels/ cubicle to present all status of pump.Domestic water treatment system.Injection Water to reduce NOx. water will be added anti-scaling agent and dechlorination in order to avoid sedimentation process and oxidizing to destroy membrane. c) Demineralization water system Demineralization water system will be designed in order to supply water for following systems: . etc.Supplemented water for closed circuit cooling water.200 m3 and 2x100% transfer pump.200 3 5 Storage tank m 2 x 1.Demineralization water system.200m3. . .4. b) Domestic water system Domestic water is contained in water tanks with capacity of about 10m3. City water will be stored in two filtered tanks of 2x 1.
Capacity of supplemented demineralization water system for NT2 power plant is around 30 m3/h. From these tanks.4.
Demineralization water storage system of NT 2 power plant includes one tank
with capacity of 1. 1. total demand of domestic water for plant is approximately 30m3/day. Before entering the RO. -
Demineralization water used for increasing capacity.
4 DO JETTY DO is transported to plant by barges with capacity of 300 to 500DWT and unloaded through 5.
The design of firewater distribution system has cycle pipeline network surrounding important areas in order to supply firewater with high reliability. System for injecting cooling water for oil tank enclosure. Fire extinguish system by CO2 is used for GT.806/Qð-BTNMT dated on May 22. portable.4.4. The firewater source will supplied from filtered water tank with capacity that can ensure fire extinguish according to regulations. 2007. Automatic CO2 system. Spray system. the Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be connected with tie-in (terminal points) of Nhon Trach 1 in order to supply DO for Nhon Trach 2. Detail description of oil jetty was presented in “Environmental impact assessment for Nhon Trach 1 combined cycle power plant” report. Extinguish fire tools. Deluge system. The required capacity for largest fire is 520m3/h. which was approved by MoNRE through Decision No. Closed loop piping and hydrants. The power plant is equipped with the following fire prevention and fighting systems: Fire detection and alarming system. Nhon Trach 1 is using firewater pump system with capacity of 540m3/h from 2 filtered water tanks with capacity of 2 x 1. Automatic sprinkler system.5 CONSTRUCTION PROCESS 1.RDCPSE
. Mobile fire fighting foam system. it takes three hours to extinguish the largest fire.1 Land filling and ground consolidation
PPMB – PVNT2 . Fire preventing and fighting system of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is specially designed according to Vietnamese and NFPA standards. GT platform and electronic equipment room.200m3/h. The minimum required flow of reserve water is 1. 1. DO supplied for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is approximately 2. 1.560m3/h. Fixed fire fighting foam system.4. Firewater pump station and reserve water flow is completely satisfy the requirement of supplement firewater for Nhon Trach 2.5. fireproof clothes and other specialized rescue tools.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Nhon Trach 2 power plant is designed to ensure a safe operation for human and equipment in order to minimize explosion and fire risks. trolley.000 DWT oil jetty by oil pipeline system. firing chamber. Scope of construction for oil jetty and auxiliary systems of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. Fire truck. At present.500 ton/day.
Main items Main power plant Main power plant is included of the gas turbine and steam turbine buildings.) and road transportation (by truck. it is necessary to consider the measures of land filling and ground consolidation. The structure of these buildings is the 1-storey industrial house with steel frame.8m HD with 0.65m HT).2 Main structure solutions The project structure of Nhon Trach 2 power plant mainly is foundation structure and project body structure as Nhon Trach 1. is transported by waterway (such as: barges. Thus. The land filling process is followed by Vietnamese standards with layer from 30 – 50cm. Structure on foundation: Two structure types on foundation have been considered mainly for the buildings of power plant.5.RDCPSE
.5. by-pass stack and main stack
PPMB – PVNT2 . the completed design elevation of Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant is expected about +2. Air ventilation of plant is the combination of natural ventilation and forced ventilation. Intake mouth area along the bank of river and underground discharging box-culvert with CDM option (cement mortar pumping option) Vacuum method for main area of plant.
Building materials.4. the foundation is designed by reinforced concrete and treated by reinforced foundation methods. which are steel and reinforced concrete structures. 1. because the road lead to Ong Keo industrial zone was upgraded and asphalted in early 2007). Leveling and ramming layer. The air ventilation system is arranged on the roof. there are two options of ground consolidation for Nhon Trach 2 power plant as follows: Execute press sand pile for main area of plant (Power Block + Switch yard).DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be built on the land of unleveled natural soil and a small part of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. vessels in combination with bucket and dredging etc.2% of slope. The elevation of leveling foundation is expected at about +2. each leveling layer is carried out compaction test in accordance with Vietnamese standards.483m HD (+2. Area of HRSG.3 Main construction works of the plant a. after that the next leveling layer shall be performed only when testing results are satisfactory. Foundation solution: Because the area of plant has the weakly soil condition.4. which supply for construction of plant. Intake mouth area along the riverside and underground discharging box-culvert using CMD option. Stake paper vertical drainage by press loading for road system and plant landscape. According to the results of analysis and comparative in investment project.5 – 2. 1. Plant lighting system of plant is the combination of natural lighting and artificial lighting system for meeting the requirements of luminosity in grade of III. Stake paper vertical drainage + press loading for road system and plant landscape.
. testing and analyzing water contents of steam cycle boiler water.4. b.
Sampling house is the place for taking samples. ceiling and roof of the container is installed with heat insulation. Floor of sampling house is paved with anti-sliding and acid resistant bricks.
Demineralized water treatment plant
Demineralized water treatment plant consists of some items as follows: Demineralizing and neutralizing pits. control equipment. Equipment.4 Wastewater treatment and discharge system Water pre-treatment area The water treatment system of pre-treatment area includes tanks such as: raw water tank. 1. pumping system. domestic water treatment system etc). It has clear door and air ventilation system. filtering basin. These tanks operate in accordance with processing procedure. Pump and gas treatment equipment are placed on prefabricated reinforced concrete piles. treatment pump.
General waste water treatment area of plant
The main scope of work of wastewater treatment area includes water and chemical treatment tanks.General waste water pit is underground pit and reinforced concrete structure. The control house of demineralized water treatment. which is placed on reinforced concrete pile foundation structure.
Administration building is located nearby center area of the plant and far from water and noxious chemical treatment areas. Sampling house is container. If the wall is built. the height of by-pass stack is about 35 m and main stack is about 60 m. with or without wall.5. etc. which is metal tank. placed on reinforced concrete pile foundation structure. Treatment station is steel structural frame. its structure will be reinforced concrete or block concrete bricks. is sloping in order to drain rainwater.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The whole area of HRSG.
Filtered water tank
Filtered water tank. Auxiliary items
Gas fuel treatment station
Gas fuel treatment station is one that treats and transfers gas to burning chamber of turbine.
PPMB – PVNT2 . underground filtered water tank and storage tanks (such as sediment tank. chemical substance storage.RDCPSE 11/2007
. which is recovered by corrugated iron sheet with heat insulation layer. is arranged on the gas fuel supply pipeline. by-pass stack and main stack are constructed in accordance with standard design of the manufacturers. Roof.
The foundation of the entrance bar is designed on reinforced concrete pile. The main construction scope includes foundation of main and auxiliary transformers. Cable trench or cable duct line is underground ditch with reinforced concrete structure. The entrance bars. Structure of this system is reinforced concrete. All pits are treated with waterproof for its internal and external surfaces. foundation of bus bars and equipment is placed on consolidated natural ground or on piles. inclined toward sumps arranged along the road. The items of switchyard consist of entrance bar. The switchyard is surrounded by perimeter fence of steel mesh and gate. trench bottom is inclined for water drainage. cable trench. It has reinforced concrete structure placed on reinforced concrete piles with boundary wall built by hollow bricks or block concrete brick. bus bars.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Switchyard control building
Control building is a place where is arranged control equipment of electric system at 220kV switchyard. floor is tiled by ceramic or electrostatic prevention slab for control room. 1. foundation area includes oil separator.5.Sedimentation pit: reinforced concrete structure.3m to 2.2m. The surface of the switchyard is spread with gravels with thickness of 10 – 20cm. the pit is covered with grating working floor and surrounded by reinforced concrete fire
PPMB – PVNT2 . the prefabricated pipe diameters are from 0. two places for main transformers of GT and one place for main transformers of ST. door are clear
Main transformers system
Including three places for arrangement of main transformers. This structure is use bolts connection. oil drainage pipeline.RDCPSE
.Neutralize pit: reinforced concrete structure with or without cover. failure oil tank (oil separator) and sump. prefabricated reinforced driving pile. foundation of machine supported pillars foundation. fire prevention partition wall. the roof is corrugated iron roof with thermal insulation and waterproof.
Waste water (oily and chemical water) and rainy water drainage systems
The general drainage system of plant includes pipeline. The transformers is located on foundation sill. protection fence etc.4. . The traffic roads which are 4 – 6m in width according to the general standards of the plant. the lower part is failure oil pit. machine supported pillars are all made of galvanizing shape steel. internal traffic roads.5 Power system 220KV switchyard The Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be connected with the national power network of EVN at 220kV via the outdoor 220kV transformer. sumps and drain. The sumps is covered in situ reinforced concrete with cover. All working rooms are provided with the air condition system. graveling completion of switchyard.
This system is designed to drain together with water drainage system of the plant. boundary iron walls. arranged with each type at the suitable areas. control room. resting room and toilet. fire struck and fire brigade building. pump station. These roads which are divided into 4 types of A-10. failure oil tank (oil separator) and sump. The roadside are made of reinforced concrete. are arranged as follows: Fire truck parking area Fire tools and equipment store Auxiliary area including hall.4. store.4. For the cable section that cross over roads. which is equipped ventilation system with loading reinforced concrete frame. the scope of work includes foundation of Station service auxiliary transformers for the plant.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
prevention partition wall with height about of 6 – 12m. oil drainage pipeline. Jack foundation is in situ covered reinforced concrete structure placed on natural ground lined by a layer of sand cushion. the road surface structures includes roadbed with paving stone to the macadam layer and at the uppermost layer is asphalt concrete. bottom and wall of channel is in situ covered.
Fire fighting pipeline
The scope of construction work of fire fighting pipeline includes jack foundation of pipeline. office and toilet. foundation area including oil separator. C-6. B-8. they are not laid in open cable trenches but pass through PVC pipe and laid in underground concrete culvert (without reinforcement). hydrant foundation and jack of firebox.
Fire brigade building
The structure of fire brigade building which is one – story tower. All auxiliary transformers can be grouped in a roofed house
Cable trench and cable duct system
Cable trenches have reinforced concrete structure with separate covers in form of concrete slab with hooks. fire prevention partition wall.
Fire pump station
Fire pump station is one-story building.RDCPSE 11/2007
. The B-8 and C-6 roadside are 1m in width and A-10 roadside is
PPMB – PVNT2 .5. the door is made of steel mesh. protection fence etc. C-4. The station includes: working room. one span structure with heat insulation iron roof.6 Fire fighting system
Fire fighting system includes pump station and fire fighting pipeline.5.7 Other items
Transportation road system
The traffic system includes internal road of plant and traffic roads connecting between the internal and external roads.
Station service auxiliary transformers
Similar to the main transformers.
.5m. near condenser area and connected pervious one by steel pipe. The pipeline is arranged lying on layer of sand cushion on the treated soil layer or small cross-section piles. diameter of 3.3m designed for total water supply flow of about 18m3/s. C4 are grade V roads with vehicle flow of 50-300 vehicle/day and calculated speed of 40km/hour.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
1. No. 13 at Eastern. At present. The cooling water supply pipeline is arranged underground. The outside surface of pipeline is painted by antirust paint.8 Cooling water supply and discharge system Cooling water supply and discharge system includes as follows: Underground cooling water intake Cooling water intake pipeline to pump station Cooling water pump station
Intake mouth is made of steel sheet. cooling water is discharged into siphon pit. Siphon pit After passing condenser. Riverbed is spread with big – sized rock in order to fix base of framework. Cooling water pump station Cooling water pump station is indoor typed pump.4 road along the boundary of the plant in the south. upper part of intake mouth is steel mesh with sufficient high in order to prevent trash. there is arranged with signal buoys. According to plan. 1. and body of the intake is surrounded with steel sheet to reinforce its body and bottom part. guardhouse. Roads of A 10 are grade III one with vehicle flow of 100-300 vehicles/day and calculated speed of 80km/hour. Cooling water pipeline to condenser The pipeline is made of steel in order to stand the water pressure inside pipeline and the loads outside pipeline. 1 at Northern.4. designed with two pumps and control equipment. the minimum curve radius of 7. fence surrounding the switchyard).5. The structure of siphon pit is reinforced concrete. main traffic and transportation in the project area mainly use the existing Ong Keo dike route. Beside. The inner and outer surfaces of pipes are painted or covered with rust resistant layer and corrosion resistant layer by cathode protected system. the plant area will be contiguous to the road No. which placed on reinforced concrete piles or treated soil foundation.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Cooling water discharged box-culvert Cooling water (CW) from siphon pit is discharged to common discharging channel via box-culvert. 12 at Western and No. The cooling water intake pipeline to pump station is made of steel.
The security facility of the plant includes main items as: fence (fence surrounding the plant.5m in width for pedestrian. At the location of cooling water intake mouth area. The B8. C6. gate (main gate for mechanical vehicles and sub gate for two wheeler and pedestrian) and security towers and jetty operation office. this dike route will be replaced by No.
after that it is discharged into Long Tau river. Compensation. screen etc. measuring and control equipment. CW discharged box-culvert is about 5. 1. Chlorine house is one story building of reinforced concrete structure with one floor.RDCPSE
.9 m in width and length of 1.December 2007 2. The structure of common discharge pit is reinforced concrete. The second gas turbine-generator will be operated in April 2010.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Implement EPC contract: March 2008 – November 2010 Operate single cycle: March 2008 – April 2010 Operate combine cycle: March 2008 – November 2010
5. It is connected with share discharge channel of Nhon Trach Power center. This pit is built on treated soil foundation or supported by reinforced concrete piles or constructed. Chlorination plant building Chlorination plant building is designed for storing chlorine bottles. Nhon Trach 2 CCPP’s schedule is presented as follows: 1.580m. Chlorine pump is used to eject chlorine to incoming water flow and pump station in order to purify water. estimated operation schedule on March 2010. Gas turbine-generators 1 is about 230260MW of capacity. destroy marine creatures attached to trash rack. Repairing investment: May 2007 – October 2007 3. at the Southwest of the plant. Opened channel and cooling water common discharge pit Cooling water from channel of box-culvert is directly discharged into common discharge pit. pipeline equipment etc.6 Project’s Schedule Progress of the project execution is estimated base on practical experience of combined cycle power plants with capacity of 230 . The box-culvert is reinforced concrete structure placed on reinforced concrete stakes or placed directly on natural soil ground with consolidation of cement mortar grouting. flat roof. arranged with chlorine bottles.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
CW discharged box-culvert is laid underground along the fence of working area.4. Implement investment: July 2007 – March 2208 4. Project commissioning phase: November 2010. at the area of pump station. land filling: May 2007 .260MW constructions that had been constructed in the world. using for supply chlorine for chlorine pump installed under primary trash rack. Discharge pit is divided into many water drainage chambers. and each chamber is equipped with a pipe in order to discharge water to middle of the river according to environmental requirement.
Nhon Trach district is adjacency to Long Thanh district. To maintain the environment at the area not much polluted. NATURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
2. topographical and geological conditions
Geographic condition Nhon Trach 2 power plant area located in the proposed widening area adjoining the Nhon Trach 1 power plant belongs to hamlet No. Long Tho and Phuoc An communes. 
PPMB – PVNT2 .1. Phuoc Khanh. Nhon Trach has the total of natural area about 410. ENVIRONMENTAL & SOCIO-ECONNOMIC CONDITION
The project is one of the area which have industrial potential of Phuoc Khanh commune Nhon Trach district Dong Nai province. Vinh Thanh. districts of 2 and 9 and Ho Chi Minh City to the Northern.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
NATURAL. The aim of this section is information about natural environment characteristics as well as socio economic of the local in the project area through documents about hydro-meteorological. The project area lies along Ong Keo dyke and border with Long Tau and Dong Tranh riverside and waterway traffic is very comfortable for construction materials. Phu Dong. Nha Be district to the Southern and Western. ecosystem and socio – economic condition at the project area and its vicinity. the environmental existing definition here has very important significance. Phu Thanh.1. Nhon Trach district.
2. Tay Khanh village.97% the natural area of whole province. Dong Nai province. Phu Huu. surface water quality. installation and operation process of the project. Nhon Trach district is located in the Southwest of Dong Nai province. which is far about 15km away from HCM city. Nhon Trach district is established in 1994 and is separated from the old Long Thanh district. The project area.RDCPSE 11/2007
. soil. Long Tan. sediment.89 km2 and occupied about 6. fuel etc transportation. It is base on definition environmental monitoring at the project and at the same time it is base on potential environmental impact assessment due to construction. belonging to Phuoc Khanh commune. Nhon Trach district has 12 the communes including: Phuoc Dien.1 Geographic. 3. Dai Phuoc. 55km of Bien Hoa city. Long Thanh and Tan Thanh districts of Ba Ria – Vung Tau province to the Eastern. Phu Hoi. Hiep Phuoc. 55km of Vung Tau city and 15km of Go Dau port.
5km/km2 and segmental density according to depth is 5-7m. Figure 2.Latitude: 10O38’ Topography condition The area of Ong Keo industrial zone has about 800ha.7 . The topography at Nhon Trach 2 power plant area is belong to low-lying land and located at left shore of Long Tau river and a even and flat terrain with height of 0.2). Annona glabra and fruit trees.RDCPSE
. Nha Be. The segmental density according to horizontal axis is 0. gradually low to South and Southwest direction and it was been usually submerged tide.1m. Geological and geomorphology conditions  Nhon Trach 2 power plant area located on boundaries area between Da Lat denudation raise zone and Cuu Long river delta depression zone belong to geomorphology area with characteristics were De Tu – Pliocene sediment agglomerate delta with deep of 140m. which located among Tuy Ha hill.1 and figure 2. At the location is thinly populated and vegetation cover here is mainly Nipa fruiticants . eucalyptus. Topography is categorized to riverine bench level I and mixing marine marsh deposition (Figure 2.00 to +1.1 GEOMORPHOLOGY DIAGRAM AT NHON TRACH DISTRICT OF DONG NAI PROVINCE
PPMB – PVNT2 . This topography is formed by alluvium with average altitude from +1. Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The co-ordinate of Nhon Trach 2 power plant (UTM): Longitude: 106O50’ .40m and gradually low to Ong Keo canal direction.
3). potential acidity is 4-6 me/100g of soil.detritus belonging sedimentary formation at middle-late Holocene age (Figure 2.
Figure 2. Field survey carried out on July 2007 showed that the project area was embanked to prevent salinity intrusion and make plots to cultivate fruit trees in whole year. Soil of the project is alum type belonging to alluvium soil group with exchangeable acidity (PHKCl) about 5.RDCPSE
. blacken gray.2
GEOLOGY DIAGRAM OF NHON TRACH DISTRICT – DONG NAI PROVINCE
Soil characteristic Petrography component of the project area includes: clay powder mixing few sand contains much gray. Crop can be planted on this soil in the dry season.05.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Figure 2.3 SOIL DIAGRAM OF NHON TRACH DISTRICT – DONG NAI PROVINCE
PPMB – PVNT2 .5.
4 121.2 187. Description about climate characteristics in the project area are based on measuring statistical data at region hydro meteorological stations such as Tan Son Nhat and Nha Be (TPHCM) station in 2006 and average statistic data of many years summarized following: Table 2. The project area locates nearby Nha Be district of HCM city so the data of climate characteristic will be collected at Nha Be and Tan Son Nhat (HCM) stations.0 307.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
2.9 28.9 83.77 28. In the rainy season.9 221.6 27. rainy season) due to consequence of circulation of monsoon structure and interactive of landscape topography.1 150.RDCPSE
. In the dry season.9 176.0 157. there was Southwest monsoon lasting from May to October.8 228.0 27.5 238.1576 113.9 215.4 1.6
Humid (%) 80 82 78 74 75 79 83 85 85 86 84 79 77 80. Temperature 
PPMB – PVNT2 .2 65.873 0.6 97.6 1690
Max wind speed (m/s) 8 10 7 10 10 14 13 11 12 12 8 8
Max wind director NE SSE S E WSW SW SW SW NW SW W N
Source: Southern region hydro meteorological center.8 150.3 1396 23.19 28.5 Wind Wind speed (m/s) 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 95.7 74.8 181.005 217.1 257.4 2409 Rainfall (mm) 1.8 95.4 26.1 Meteorological condition Climate characteristic of project area is hot-humid heterogeneous tropical with specific characteristic of Southeast climate.1.4 27.4 9.0 27. Annual.6 216.7 178.4 109.8 157.2006
1.9 22.3 29.4 250.2 230.2 345.19 27.9 26.7 144.6
Sunshine hour (hours) 2. there was Northeast monsoon lasting from November to April.2
Hydro – meteorological condition
2.1 MONTHLY AVERAGE METEOROLOGY SPECIFIC IN 2006 AND AVERAGE STATISTIC DATA OF MANY YEARS AT THE PROJECT
Average of many I years 2006 II III IV V VI VII
Temperature ( C) 27.3 27. there are two opposite seasons (dry season.3 117.4 248.2.1.5 Evaporation (mm) 1.2 27.
Average sunshine hour of many years are 2. The climate divides into specific two seasons such as dry season and rainy season. Average evaporation of many years is 1. Evaporation is mainly concentrated in the dry and occupied about 64-67% total evaporation whole year. Dominant wind directions in the period are Southwest wind direction with storm and big rain in the evening. Rainfall  The project area located at sub-equatorial monsoon tropical climate. When Northeast wind meets tide. in 2006 it is 1.8 hours (September). water level will raise
PPMB – PVNT2 . rainy season).DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The project area has sub-equatorial monsoon tropical climate with two opposite seasons (dry season.40C (January). this is local wind type and called Northeast wind season. monthly highest humidity is 85% (July and August) and monthly lowest humidity is 74% (March). 5.60C (in 2006). In June. Average rainfall of several years: Annual average rainfall (2006): Monthly average rainfall: Maximum monthly rainfall: Minimum monthly rainfall: Wind characteristic  1. The climate at the area is very suitable for development of tropical tree. The rainy season lasts from May to October. 2. Sunshine and evaporation  Sunshine regime in the area is divided up two clear seasons with total of sunshine hour in dry season is higher very many than one in rainy. monthly highest temperature is about 29.RDCPSE
.396mm.873m 1. in 2006 monthly highest sunshine hour is March (248. In rainy season: prevail wind directions were Southwest. The monthly highest evaporation is 178. The project area located at Southern belt belonging to region has lowest rainfall and rainy days in all provinces.690mm 140.005 hours.157mm.190C (April) and monthly lowest temperature is about 26. 3.40C – 27. Annual average temperature is 27.4 mm
Dominant wind directions of the project area will be influenced by two main seasons: In dry season: prevail wind directions were North-East.
Transition time has East – Southeast monsoon.8 mm (March). special fruit tree. there is very much rain and occupied about 85 – 90% total whole year. 4. Average humidity of many years is 80%.8mm 345mm 0. Humidity  Humidity of atmosphere is changed by season and region.5 hours) and monthly lowest sunshine is 150.
500 m3/s. Annual average wind velocity is 3m/s and maximum wind velocity is 14m/s.4. analysis and analytical results. 2. 2. maximum water level amplitude is H=379cm. for instance there are two tropical low pressures in January and March 2006 occupied in Eastern sea.2 Hydrology condition  The current regime of Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers were influenced of East sea fore. RDCPSE has conducted survey.500 m3/s and at the time water from Ganh Rai bay runs into the river. • At low tide period: Maximum flow at Dong Tranh is 2.750m3/s and maximum flow at Long Tau is 10. 6. climate in the Southern area has unusual.1.1 Air quality The analytical results of air quality at the project are presented in Table 2. At the project. Some months.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
into mainland.9) happened. Storms and rainstorms 
In 2006.039m3/s and flow maximum at Long Tau is 15.2 AIR QUALITY AT THE PROJECT AREA
No Sampling date Sample
Parameters (mg/m )
PPMB – PVNT2 . 2. there was the Durian storm (storm No.48 m/s and maximum velocity at representative water transect on ðong Tranh river is 1.RDCPSE
. air.3. The project area located near confluence of Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers which far away the Nha Be station 5km about Dong Nai downstream direction: • At high tide period:
Maximum water level is 167 cm and minimum one is -212 cm. detail analysis is showed in the appendix No1 (report of environmental monitoring). maximum velocity at representative water transect on Long Tau river 1. Maximum flow at Dong Tranh is 3. sampling and analyzing of soil. The sampling site at Nhon Trach 2 power plant area and its vicinity are showed in figure 2. changing direction and velocity and it caused several damages for fishermen at the project in particular and Southern area in general.3 Existing natural environment
To assess environmental quality in the project area. at the same time it also were influenced a part effect of river systems which connect with Long Tau and Dong Tranh rives are obvious affected of rise water – ebb water variations by monsoon. Table 2. This storm landed to Southern area with unusual activities such as varies intensity. tropical low pressure and storms happened uninterruptedly. Tropical low pressure and storm only not happened on February and April of whole year.1.2. The sampling method. water. sediment and biology qualities 9th –14th July 2007)  and analytical results comparison of two seasons (in the dry season and rainy season in 2006) at Nhon Trach 1 power plant area.2.1.2 m/s.
007 0.9 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Parameters (mg/m )
11/7/2007 Average 9/7/2007
11/7/2007 Average 12/7/2007
14/7/2007 Average 12/7/2007
14/7/2007 Average 9/7/2007
CO 1.26 0.001 0. .21 0.005 0.3 0.5 1.001 0.15 0. . .6 1.001 0.009 0.73 0.0 1.29 0.8 1.11 0.68 0.011 0.010 <0. . .010 <0.020 0.001 0.001 0. .26 0.011 0.014 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Sampling date 9/7/2007
Sample 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 .72 0.20 0.56 1. .010 <0.2 1.90 1.023 0.3 1.21 0.001 0.001
O3 0.92 0. .001 0.009 0. .4 0.010 0.012 0.010 <0.5 0.010 <0.010 <0. .010 <0.3 2. .011 0.001 0.018 0.010 0.81 0.14 0.010 <0.013 0.010 0.010 <0.91 1.028 0.018 0.8 0.001 0.23 0.89 0.6 1.68 0.92 2.015 0.009 0.010 <0. .008 0.011 0.21 0.18 0.010 <0.023 0.85 0.006 0.010 <0.32 0.7 6.010 0.010 <0. .28 0.35 0.010 0.010 <0.009 0.001 0.009 0.16 0.005 0.011 0.023 0.98 0. .008 0.001 0.047 0. .001 0.21 0.012 0.8 1.008 0.010 0.68 1.3 1.9 1.001 0.92
PPMB – PVNT2 .009 0.001 0. .001 0.11 0.019 0.009 0.32 0.011 0.010 <0.2 2.007 0.001 0.5 1.010 <0.33 0.020 0.007 0.019 0.72 0.86 0. .26 0.23 0.87 0.26 0.020 0.002 0.010 <0.034 0.007 0.007
H 2S 0.67 0.010
Dust 0. .001 0.009 0.007 0.010 0.010 <0.017 0.3 1.28 0. .013 0.010 <0.2 0.011 0.3 2.23 0.006 0.010 <0.1 1.001 0. .017 0.001 0.008 0.010 <0.5 1. .9 1.17 0.1 4.22 0.001 0.26 0.3
NO2 0.007 0.007 0.4 2.010 <0.020 0.20 0.009 0.010 0.007 0. .010 <0.010 <0.3 1.001 0.001 0.8 1.16 0.50 1.23 0.8 1.010 <0.017 0.010 <0.001 0.001 0.001 0.5 2.010 0.58 0.9 0.010 <0.009 0.008 0.010 <0.5 2.001 0.013 0. .010 <0.19 0.001 0.3 0.26 0.0 2.010 0.8 0.010 0.001 0.010 <0.9 2. .005 0.006 0.23 0. .008 0.001 0. . .3 1.89 0.6 1.011 0.010 <0.010 <0.001 0.9 1.6 2.63 0.5 1.023 0.8 1.010 0.014
SO2 0.2 1.009 0.85 0.006 0.012 0.012 0.010 0. .012 0.010 0.8 1.001 0.9 1.007 0.010 <0.012 0.28 0.001 0.010 0.001 0.85 0.010 <0.001 0.0 1.010 0.76 0.026 0.21 0. .007 0.001 0. .002 0.010 <0.010 <0.010 <0.010 <0.010 <0.014 0.56 0.95 1.007 0.018 0.013 0.007 0.009 0.5 2.001 0.0 2.001 0.009 0.5 0.013 0.1 0.2 1.020 0.21 0.010 <0. .001 0. .23 0.001 0.009 0.18 0. .0 1.010 <0.006 0.3 1.011 0.001 0.021 0.010 0.009 0. .004 0.001 0.018 0.6 1.001 0.1 0.006 0.005 0.18 0.007 0.037 0. .048 0.010 <0.009 0.40 0.009 0. .001 0.009 0.021
Pb <0.008 0.RDCPSE
.015 0.5 1.5 1.20 0.32 0.005 0.028 0.018 0.023 0.001 0.014 0.026 0.004 0.2 0.006 0. .009 0.008 0.010 <0.7 1.010 <0.013 0.23 0.010 0.7 4.2 2.18
VOC 0.38 0. .009 0.010 <0.009 0.010 <0.009 0.009 0.019 0.014 0.009 0.010 <0.7 0.008 0.039 0.036 0. .001 0.035 0.89 0.009 0.008 0.74 0.001 0.010 <0. . .26 0.20 0.013 0. .9 1.007 0.90 0.008 0.008 0. .82 1.26 0. .58 0.
3.76 0.8 47.3 76.2 59.009 0.6 48. .009 0.6 61.015 0.001 0.0 2. 1
PPMB – PVNT2 .008 0. . Besides parameters about air quality.8 47. Table 2.001 -
O3 0.010 <0.5 0.0 48. 264.007 0.58 0.3 48. 305.009 0. .1 47. 723 6 Control station near residential area .4 1.005 0.106o50.2 62.001 0. RDCPSE has also measured noise.9 46. . 771 2 at secondary wind direction axis at the plant fence .005 0. .5 67.1 1.5 45.010 0.9 47.004 0.4 45.001 0. 10o37.010 0.5 48.3 45.0 46. 2007 Note: Values over the allowable limit underlined Station 1 at dominant wind axis direction at plant fence .85 0.7 46.005 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Sampling date Average 9/7/2007
Parameters (mg/m )
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
.008 0. 10o38.84 0.16 0. 769 3 Symmetric axis with station 1 through discharge centre .010 <0.8 71.5 66.007 0.010 <0.6 47.008 0.6 47.15 0. 636 4 at secondary wind direction axis at the plant fence .0 76.9 62.005 0.8 49. .001 0.008 0.001 0. .0 45.82 0.9 47. 997
CO 2.4 40
NO2 0.0 71.0 46. At residential area (K6).1 46.7 68.8 47.6 62.14 0.0 48.3 1.18 0.010 <0.001 0.8 The measured results of vibration (dB) First Second Third time time time 48.9 46.001 0. 307. 10o38. in several sampling sites at the construction area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.2 0.3 48.005 0.18 0.009 0. vibration within area and offsite of proposed Nhon Trach 2 power plant. .106o50.106o50.2 2.11 0.71 0. However.0 48. The measured results of noise.6 0. .007 0.009 0.10 0.001 0.5 61.7 68.1 59.6 1. 10o38.0 47.2
Pb <0.5 60.74 -
The analytical results of air quality at the project area show that average data of 24 hours are lower allowable limit value of standard.010 <0.74 1. . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10h20 13h40 4h30 8h55 10h45 4h00 8h30 10h50 3h00 11h00
11/7/2007 Average 9/7/2007
Sampling Date 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 .5
H 2S 0.9 46.10 0. After that dust contents come back allowable level of standard.010 <0.30
VOC 1.010 <0.7 46. 194. .8 48.4 48. 10o38.106o50.007 0. . air quality is still very good.7 61.7 60.7 47.6 77.4
SO2 0.65 0.006 0.106o50.010 0. .006 0.4 47. vibration is shown in table 2.010 <0.106o50. .7 47. . dust content is sometimes higher than allowable standard.5 66.6 48.2 48.004 0.3 THE MEASURED RESULTS OF NOISE AND VIBRATION IN PROJECT AREA
The measured results of noise (dB) First Second Third time time time 47.65 0.010 <0.83 0.001 0.004 0.008 0.9 46.001 0.004 0. 634 5 Nhon Trach 1 power plant area is under construction . 435.24 0.RDCPSE
.7 47.010 <0.012 0. .10 0. 263.006 0.16 0.2 61.007 0.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Average TCVN 5937-1995 Source: RDCPSE.8 48.2 69.62 1.009 0.8 67.010 -
Dust 0.9 59. 10o38.6 48.
Hence.6 47.5 69.5 43.1 44.4 47.2 40.8 65.3.4 41. NO2.5 73. Conclusion: Air environment monitoring stage in 2007 is conducted in the rainy season.2 43.1 43. 10o37. 633 2: Nhon Trach 2 power plant area .0 69.4 39.8 40.2 41. .5 59.5 45.7 40.1 43.0 47.2 43.2 45.3 43.6 43. However. Analytical results showed air environment at the project are certainly influenced from construction and fill up actions of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.7 44.0 44.5 39.2 Water quality
PPMB – PVNT2 .1 64.1 43. vibration stage from 09/07/2007 to 14/07/2007 showed average noise and vibration results at Nhon Trach 1 power plant area constructing are higher than the proposed Nhon Trach 2 power plant and residential area but they are still lower than Vietnamese standard of 5949:1998 (noise) and 6962:2001 (vibration).2 43.3 70.8 47.4 43.7 41. 261.7 61.2 46.5 43.1 43.5 47.2 44.1 43.5 38.2 43. .2 40.0 43. .6 40.8 46. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13h00 4h10 8h45 10h40 4h10 8h45 11h00 3h10 10h00 13h20 4h50 9h15 10h30 3h40 8h55 10h30 2h40
11/7/2007 Average 12/7/2007
The measured results of noise (dB) First Second Third time time time 46. .6 45. 2.1 41.4 47. .1 43.3 47.1.2 44.7 45.1 43.2 46.2 43. .4
Time: 6 – 18 hours Residential area: 60dBA Factories intermingling in residential area: 75dBA Time: from 6 – 18hours TCVN 6962:2001 (Standard of vibration) Residential area: 70dBA TCVN 5949: 1998 (Standard of noise)
Source: RDCPSE.2 43.2 46.7 41.1 59.5 45. Important parameter such as CO.3 43. average value of parameter for sampling dates is still lower than allowable standard.3 62.4 43.3 63.5 43. .2 39.6 46.8 48. 400. dust at several sites in day are rather high (special in the morning).2 43. 10o38.3 46.5 40.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The measured results of vibration (dB) First Second Third time time time 47.2 43. most of sampling dates are almost rain in the evening so air environment at the timing date is clearer.3 43.7 47.7 44. 194.5 40.2
Sampling Date 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 .8 44.5 62. .9 63.0 46.4 47. .2 43. .2 43.RDCPSE
.7 43.7 39.6 72.106o50. . .3 47.3 43.4 59.2 47.1 47. .6 47. SO2. .5 47. . 997
In measured noise.106o50. .106o50. 2007 Note: 1: Nhon Trach 1 power plant area .2 38.2 43.5 47.2 47. noise exceed allowable standard of 5949:1998 due to action of drive in stake equipments.0 39. 10o38.3 40.2 43.0 46.5 61.2 43.0 43. 698 3: Residential area .0 62.7 66.7 63.1 72.9 40. Only several sites (10h45) of Nhon Trach 1 power plant area.5 65.
127 0. RDCPSE carried out to take sample and analysis of sediment quality on Long Tau and Dong Tranh river on 7/2007 and comparison with rainy season (7/2006).005 0.18 7.026 0. 10o38. However.0010 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Water quality at the project area accessed base on surface water samples at the project.106o49.022 1. 2.006 < 0.125 0.006 < 0.00 2. 330. Sampling sites are presented in figure 2. Table 2.01 6.174 < 0.1 <0.020 <0. all the above parameters are lower than the allowable standard level of TCVN 5942-1995.1 <0.552 0.003 0.005 0. 10o38.4.8 5.99
W-1 W-2 W-3 W4 W5 TCVN 59421995 (B column 30 28. 813.149 0.008 0.28 7.3 Sediment quality At the same sites of water samples.8 5 4.1 2. 355 2: DO port (Dong Tranh river) .239 0.9 29.2 6.006 < 0. 10o38.47 3.12 7.1 <0. 212 5: Downstream of Long Tau: 106o50. BOD are higher than one in 2006 contrary dissolved oxygen (DO) decrease many due to the constructing temporary port.156 1.11 7.201 1. BOD content of the area.5
5.34 3.66 0.7 113. 819.12 74 135 17 30 395 330 895 560 0.3 6.9 4.3 5 3. 684.1 <0.023 0.21 7.0007 0. 10o37.090 1.98 3.04 2.010 0.004 1.1 <0.5-9
0.46 3.005 0.014 0.003 0. Sampling sites are presented in figure 2.014 0.4. 660
Competition with analytical results of water quality in 2006 and in 2007 at the project showed in 2007 total suspended solids (TSS).RDCPSE
.11 7.83 0.747 0.106o50.6 29. Physio-chemical characteristics of surface water in the project are shown in table 2.3 28.5 30.022 0. 10o37.
Grain size distribution
PPMB – PVNT2 .25 2.8 105.2007 Note: 1: Cooling –water intake site (Dong Tranh river) .3 6. 030 3: Cooling – water discharge site (Long Tau) .000 (MPN/ 100ml) 0.455 0.024 0.578 0.330 0. removal of organic cover and sand pump at Nhon Trach 1 power plant area and other projects in the Ong Keo industrial zone which increase TSS.05
0.0006 0.016 0.023 0.024 0.367 1.3 1.4 140 101.4.6 6.106o50.44
133.480 10.3.9 0 <35 2.288 0.0009 0.020 0.1 0. 813 4: Upstream of Long Tau river (far discharge site about 2km): 106o48.1 5.021 1.3
0.580 0.319 1.1.006 0.159 <0.017 0.259 918 1. WATER QUALITY AT THE PROJECT
parameter (mg/L) Site T0 pH TSS Colifor m DTS NTC NH4+ NO2NO3PTC Phe nol BOD C O D DO
W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 27. 528.291 0.200 1.4.127 0.015 0.1 <0.1 <0.91 0.1 7.266 1.034 0.195 0.0 30.57 20 12 5 10 7.905 3.02
Source: Report of environmental monitoring 2006 .34 2.2 28.
4 86.02 Bad Bad Average silt Average silt
PPMB – PVNT2 . 2007 From analytical data showed that the sediment of Dong Tranh river is classified fines silt.8 Very bad Coarse silt 5.05 0.68 -0.53 -0.9 3.5 5.18 0.49 5.71 0.48 -0.99 Very bad Average Average silt Average silt 5.5.07 0.31 -0.7
12 31 15 11
1 2 S1-KL S2-KL 20 22 17 16 80 79 <1 <1 76 75 32 35 64 69 198 247 0.59 3.14 2.89 -0.3 5.72 79.5 ANALYTICAL RESULTS OF SEDIMENT GRAIN SIZE AT THE PROJECT AREA
Standard deviation Skewness Kurtosis (phi)
TYPE INDEX Type sediment
S1 2007 2006 S2 2007 2006 S-3 2007 2006 S-4 2007 2006 S-5 2007 4.53 3. The report of monitoring 2006.71 -0.RDCPSE
.11 2.09 6.14 0.00 3.70 2.78 3.16 Bad Bad Average silt Average silt 4.65 5.00 0.6 74.6 THE ANALYTICAL RESULT OF THE SEDIMENT QUALITY (mg/kg dry).16 2. On the Long Tau river.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The analytical results on grain size of sediment samples are shown in Table 2.60 0.28 84.03 0.28 69. sediment is from coarse to average silt.11 3.62 1. % As
1 2 3 4
S1-KL S2-KL S3-KL S4-KL
19 17 18 17
19 16 13 18
70 68 72 63
<1 <1 <1 <1
160 140 160 150
37 29 35 35
65 55 60 61
361 247 338 351
0.48 3.03 -
4.3 79.23 2. Table 2.42 0.38 0.12 -0.00 1.03 0.00 72.4 7.9 72.67 44.57 Bad Bad Coarse silt Average silt 5. Hydrocarbon.60 2. Long Tau river in 2006 are shown in the Table 2.02 0.36 2. Grain size distribution is not much changed between 2006 and 2007.92 2.5 6.00 0.9 8.5 3. Mean phi value is the narrow variation.6.48 2.37 5.9 2.24 3.68 2. Table 2.94 -0.6 2.02 0.
THC Cu Pb Zn Cd Ba Ni Cr Mn Hg Fe.6 3.03 0.8
10 8.00 2. metals in sediment The analytical results of hydrocarbon and metal content in sediment of Dong Tranh.97 0.30 2.
0 4.10 0. 400
THC value in soil sample varies suddenly between the stations.2 8.
PPMB – PVNT2 .2
As 7. 261. inhabitants plant vegetables and crops intermingling with rice field.5 Biological environment
1. 324 D4: Residential area: 106o50.6 4. 10o38. % 4.2 As 7. reed.15 0.08 0.1 4.05 8.1.7 SOIL ENVIRONMENT QUALITY AT THE PROJECT
No 1 2 3 4 Sample ð1-KL ð 2-KL ð 3-KL ð 4-KL Cu 13 11 29 24 Pb 15 13 15 17 Zn 54 55 77 48 Cd <1 <1 <1 <1 Ba 168 214 55 81 Ni 17 12 42 28 Cr 23 16 81 67 Mn 190 329 189 78 Hg 0.1 6.3 6. Cd content is lower than detective limit of analysis method. …there is mainly paddy but due to this area is strongly contaminated by salty in the recently years so outputs of paddy are very low. 10o38.5
Source: RDCPSE.7 THC 21. 2007 Note: D1: Nhon Trach 1 power plant precinct: 106o50.1 3.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
No 3 4 5
S3-KL S4-KL S5-KL
Cu 30 27 31
Pb 19 16 18
Zn 93 88 82
Cd <1 <1 <1
Ba 62 71 81
Ni 42 45 38
Cr 81 77 67
Mn 277 405 525
Hg 0. Hence.7 9.4 Soil quality Soil quality results at the project area is presented in Table 2. % 2.15 20. Fe content is the highest and Hg content is the lowest.05 0.9
Analytical results of heavy metal and total organic substance in sediment are varied by accident between in 2006 and in 2007 and the variations are not according an obvious tendency. 495. Among metals surveyed. This problem corresponds to actual environment condition because soil environment on the land is influenced by different level from actions of human. banana.1 16 9. Wherever rice cannot be cultivated.06 Fe.3.08 0.RDCPSE 11/2007
. 633 D2: Nhon Trach 2 power plant precinct: 106o50.1. 10o38.7 as follows: Table 2. cajuput.3.2 2. in the rainy season. 525.1 2. 2.8 9. local people plant paddy and culture shrimp in the dry season. 10o38. 698 D3: Port area: 106o50. 2. Terrestrial ecosystem
Vegetation cover Result of field survey on vegetation cover on July 09-11th 2007 conducted by RDCPSE and comparison with survey course in 2006 showed vegetation cover variation of project area and its vicinity as follows: Vegetation in residence area
Before vegetation cover at the area is paddy. 400.09
inside of the Ong Keo dyke there are many aquaculture ponds so outside of one mangrove forest is devastated. Vinh Thanh area. At near Dong Tranh confluence (near cooling discharge proposed area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant). vegetation cover (main Nipa fruiticants) is very scattered because surface fill up actions are happening many and Can Gio side mangrove forest (mangrove tree) is high and Nipa fruiticants is very several. there are about 4 – 5 houses aqua cultured. Vegetation cover along the aquaculture ponds are very scattered and mainly Acanthus ebrateatus and Nipa fruiticants. Nguyen Thi Phan with area about 5. hodgepodge plants. mangrove forests here are development including mangrove. cranes operating. At Ong Keo industrial zone there is specific port of Lafarge cement factory is operating and other many projects are removing the vegetation cover to filling up. and coconut. Eucalyptus but they are more scattered than above area. vegetation cover from Phuoc Khanh wharf to Ong Keo industrial zone area is mainly Nipa fruiticants. Vegetation cover along Long Tau _ Dong Tranh rivers
Survey results along Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers [Figure 2. Flagellaria indica. mango.5ha (at present she lives at district No 7) grow main pine apple.2km). the shore is eroded. orange. there are about 3-4 fallow aquaculture ponds and 2 industrial aquaculture ponds (far away from Dong Tranh confluence about 1. pineapple. To go into Ong Keo canal belong to Phuoc Khanh commune. aquaculture ponds. Vegetation cover outside of river shore at temporary port area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant or proposed DO port (Co-ordinate 7o01’ 455 – 11o76’ 527) is Nipa fruiticants. Sonneretia . apple.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Besides. To go into Ong Keo sewer direction. Mangrove. hodgepodge plants … there is some fruit tree garden of Dao Cong Toai (called Bay uncle). mangrove forest is more abundant. which are constructing and clearing a part of agriculture land and vegetation cover. Pharagmites vallatoria. there are private houses. mango.RDCPSE 11/2007
. bananas. Nhon Trach 2 power area mainly is fruit tree garden such as Annona muricata. guava… The water environment at small ditches in the area are strong contaminated by acid sulfate due to the projects of Ong Keo industrial zone are carrying out and constructing and drainage system here is not good (high level of drain water is higher (High level of water drainage is higher than the river water level hence alum contaminated water does not run ability into the river) and salt
PPMB – PVNT2 .5 . From Nhon Trach 2 power plant to Ong Keo canal. sugar cane. Panicum repens. . Under the ditches there is some flooded and submerged trees such as torpedo grass. water coconut and shore is eroded. Inside of which is Nhon Trach 1 power plant under construction and there are five stake machines. Annona glabra. there are about 4-5 houses belonging to area of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. vegetation cover is Nipa fruiticants (dominant). Sonneretia. at present this area is planned to Ong Keo industrial zone so there are many projects. Away Dong Tranh confluence about 300m. Sonneretia. At Dong Tranh confluence area (7o00’ 829 – 11o75’ 632). Acanthus ebrateatus.Vegetation cover on the land at the Nhon Trach 2 power plant area Vegetation cover on the land at Nhon Trach 2 power plant area is Eucalyptus. Nipa fruiticants.5] showed on Long Tau river. Downstream from specific port of Gotec factory. The downstream of Long Tau river. Sonneretia.
output of agriculture decreases significant and even there is very died many fruit trees. Acrostichum.000 ha. chicken.4 0 0 Density distribution ratio (%)
.0 10.0 2. Cow. 10 animals and 23 bird species .0 0.4 0.2 1953 0 516.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
contaminated due to sand pump process of filling up protects. Vegetations of Can Gio mangrove forest have over 150 plant species such as mangrove tree (dominant).1 2006 3466.0
Bacillariophyta Chlorophyta Chrysophyta Cyanophyta Dinophyta
PPMB – PVNT2 .6 5.2 0.8 3. Can Gio mangrove forest is estimated as second mangrove one of Vietnam (after mangrove forest of Ca Mau) but it is rather prevented good hence it is acknowledged by UNESCO it is world Eco-Reserve Area in 2000. 3 Phuoc Khanh commune area are main domestic animal including cattle. artificial forest area is about 20.258.2 0 0 0 12. 2.0 16.8 238. etc… and brackish water plants such as Sonneretia. Dong Tranh rivers near the project area in 2006 and 2007.5 0. Plankton [6 & 9] Phytoplankton The analytical results of phytoplankton in 2007 and comparison with result of 2006 are shown in the following table: Table 2.0
87. Aquatic ecosystem To assessment aquatic environment variation on Long Tau. orange. poultry such as: Pig.000 ha. RDCPSE conducted to take sample and analyze about plankton and benthos in 7/2007 at sampling sites in 2006 . pineapple.8 54 5. Can Gio mangrove forest has over 200 species among which there are 11 reptile which are list of red book of Vietnam. Animal Animals at hamlet No.5 16.2 0. Most of them are bred in households with small scale. Sampling sites are presented in figure 2.6 0 183.6 0.4. Acid and salted contaminated water overflow around area of the project and they are influenced to fruit tree such as mango.0 88. The according to nearly statistic.8 7. Nipa fruiticants.7 0. Sonneretia. Avicenia sp.4 0.0 0.8 81. Acanthus.8 DISTRIBUTION OF COMPOSITION AND DENSITY OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN 2006 AND 2007
Group Density (x1000TB /m3) 1 2 3 4
856. duck. Below are plankton analytical results of the project area in 2007 and comparison with result of 2006.5 0.5
99. etc… Natural forest area are about 12.8 1079. Can Gio mangrove forest 
Opposite with Dong Tranh and Long Tau river is Can Gio mangrove forest EcoReserve area.2
7. Terrestrial animal there are 24 reptile amphibian species.
Cooling –water intake site (Dong Tranh river) 2: At DO port (Dong Tranh river) 3: Cooling –water discharge site (Long Tau river) 4: Upstream of Long Tau river (away about 2km from discharged site) 5: At downstream of Long Tau river
Table 2. Table 2. Coscinodiscus radiatus.0 100.14 0.79 3.10 COMPOSITION AND DENSITY OF ZOOPLANKTON IN 2006 & 2007
Density (individual/m3) 1 2006 Copepoda Chaetognata 2107.76 0.8 3 0 0.12 0.2 19. Coscinodiscus asteromphalus.74 0.7 72.0 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
0 3.0 100.0 100. density and biological diversity index of phytoplankton decline than in 2006.2 11.4 89.2 0.60 0.3 0.72 J 2006 0.2 30 22 36.6 2. Melosira varians… Zooplankton The analytical results of zooplankton in 2006 and 2007 are shown in the following table 2.70 4.17 2. Priority groups in 2006-2007 are Bacillariophyta and Cyanophyta.9 7.5 0.13 0.RDCPSE
.28 0.1 24.0 28.488.88 2007 0.5 Density (x1000TB/m3) 2007 2006 358 1127 278 52 255 159 220.0 0.8 13.1 8.0 33 31 26 29.10 and 2. Priority species belong Bacillariophyta group include Melosira granulate.0 100.0
1: Upstream at proposed oil port.19 C 2006 0.0 255 159 100.8 0.72 0.0 1.1 92.9 1.5 -
0. number of phytoplankton groups are 3 groups and it is lower twice times than ones in 2006 (6 groups) and number of species.0 11/2007
Density distribution ratio (%) 5 1 2 3 4 5
Average (%) 50.81 5.48 3.95 4.3 77.858.8 78.245.4 13.90 2006 4.0 100.19 0.64 0.9 2233 2.3 0.72
PPMB – PVNT2 .20 0.30 0.79 0.127.04 4.0 100.0 100.11.78 0.10 0.1 3.9 SUMMARY RESULTS OF PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITY AT SURVEY STATIONS
Station Number of species 2007 2006 12 28 16 15 22 20 17.4 3488 13859 2246 5180 H(s) 2007 2.73 0.1 86.0 0.63 0.28 2.3 0.8 2007 0.8 87.8 0 1.77 2.1 226.0
Bacillariophyta Cyanophyta Dianophyta Total Note:
226 132 0 358
258 20 0 278
41 10 1 52
2007 222 137 63.16 0.0 100.24
1 2 3 4 5 Average
To compare with phytoplankton results in 2006 and 2007.
0 4 0.0 100.12: Table 2.8 2883 3 932 4 311 5 0 1 8 0 9
Density distribution ratio (%) 1 0.45 0.1 0.9 0.79 0.8 2912.69 2006 1.0 10.3 26.3 0.58 2007 0.0 100.0
705.7 100.00 3.1 0.9 0.5 87.85 0..0
Table 2.85 2006 3.1 22.2
0 0 11 1 12
0 1 9 0 10
0 1 7 0 8
1 0 8 0 9
Benthos [6 & 9]
The analysis result of benthos in 2007 and comparison with in 2006 are shown in table 2.6 1.26 0. Acartiella sinensis.32 2.41 0.5
78.17 3.58 3.RDCPSE
62.87 0.0 12.46 0.70 0.0 0.24 0.0 71.10 1.3 100.0 0.7 6.7 221.5 0.32
C 2006 0.26 0.32 3.30 1.15 1.12 COMPOSITION AND DENSITY OF BENTHOS IN 2006 AND 2007
Density (ind.0 75.42 0. priority species are the species belong Copepoda group including Acartia clause.41 1.48 0.7 100.82 2.7
0.81 2.7 89.05
H(s) max 2007 3.5 643.02 2.0 91.3 100.0 100.28 0.0 88.25 385. Bestiolina sp.7 13.0 100.4 1.17 3.0 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Group Tunicata Mysidacea Larva Total 2007 Chaetognata Cladocera Copepoda Mysidacea Total
Density (individual/m3) 1 10 786.5 1760 2913 2883 932 311
Species 2007 2006 9 10 5 6
H(s) 2007 2.0 11.3 6.0
0.57 0.5 0.0
1 2 3 4 5 Average
12 10 8 9 9 9.4
PPMB – PVNT2 .8 6. Priority specie groups of two years are Copepoda and larva.0 27.25 2.66
J 2006 0.44 0. Schmackeria gordioides.3 293.3 233.0 2 0.8
Crustacea Echinodermata Mollusca
213.0 5 0./m2) 2 3 4
Density distribution ratio (%)
62. In 2007.32 2.0 90.7 6.0
To compare with results in 2006 and 2007 show number of species in 2007 are higher than ones in 2006 but density of zooplankton in 2007 is lower than ones in 2006 so diversity of zooplankton in 2007 is higher.62 2007 0.7 6.6
53.2 1.11 THE SUMMARY RESULTS OF ZOOPLANKTON AT SURVEY STATIONS
Density (Individual /m3) 2007 2006 190 780 259 453 246 7.7 8.73 0.43 0.6 1.8 1.0 3 0.17 0.9 2 2.1 88.2 6.7 2.0 100.3 533.60 2.
293.8 7 0.22 1.7 6.0 100.88
Species of aquatic product at the project area
The according to recently study data at Can Gio area.33 0.7 53. Dong Nai .2 0
Results from tables 2.2 85.03 3.32 0.0 260.Sai Gon estuary./m2) 2 3 4
Density distribution ratio (%)
3.17 2.0 200.29 2.88 0.0 6...0 72.6 8
0.3 43.0 100.6 1.1 1.0 853.00 2.0 113.42 2. But in present.53 3.14 0.3 433.0 560.9 1 4.0 100. there is rich aquatic product including 125 alga.3 373. Nereis sp.3 360.13 SUMMARY RESULTS OF BENTHOS COMMUNITY AT SURVEY SITES
Density Site Species (Intensity /m2)
2007 200 6
1 2 3 4 5 Avera ge
8 8 7 6 9 7.3 340.1 1 0.5 100.96 2.0 14. 18 shrimp and fish species.2 0.3 54.61 0. fish product catching on Thi Vai river were serious decreased.2 76.0 100.99
12.0 853 . 2.57 0.91
35. 91 4.0 310.0 560.1 9 0.00 3.0 306.7 8. Dominant species of two years (in 2006 and 2007) are Crustacea and Polychaeta groups and in 2007 there is not Echinodermata group.0
126.51 12.3 440.6 2 6.7 13.5
293. 55 benthos.6
16 15 16 7 13.74 0.2
38.7 0 0.25 2.0 0 2. there is abundant aquatic product source.0 100.6 20.70 0.0 80.2 100.3
60.5 1 2. 55 float animal.41
0.0 80.3 500
120.2 20.82 3.79
0.1 3 0. Lysilla sp.45 1.0 0 3.Sai Gon estuary area.6 4
PPMB – PVNT2 .5 6 4.5
19.0 100.8 16.1 5
2007 Crustacea Mollusca Polychaeta Total
160.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Density (ind.08 1.0 78.96 1.3 373 .58 3.13 about benthos community at the project area in 2006 and 2007 are shown: Number of group. density and diversity of benthos are decreased than one in 2006.24 0.3 433 .6 9 0.0 166.35 2.7 6.7 26.0 300.4 5 0.0 6.83 0.7 0.7 73.3 5 0.9 2.0 100.3 75.8 1 3.81 2.3 360. Exploitable capacity of aquatic products is very high at Dong Nai .6
100. Halicarcinus orientalis and Polychaeta group such as Potamilla leptochaeta.5 0 0.7 53.0
Table 2. Dominant species in 2007 are Crustacea group including Cirolana sp.
Phoenix and others developed.2 Primary assessment on environmental loading capacity To 6/2005. along the left side of Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers and Ong Keo canal which are near Dong Tranh river.124 ha.. 2.6. Hoang Viet lubricant company.1. Lafarge cement factory and they are 6 projects which are filling up and there are constructing 2 projects. Environmental sensitivity index (ESI) is defined base on ecological characteristic and social-economic factors. Due to industries zone have formed very fast in condition infrastructure of Dong Nai province are still limitation and environmental prevent methods aren’t strict so natural resources and environmental quality in the area have potential impacted. At present. which are along the bay or in mangrove forest). there are natural shrimp feeding ponds of community and there are also ecological shrimp feeding households along Ong Keo canal banks belonging Vinh Thanh commune. Rhizophora. environmental loading capacity of Nhon Trach 2 power plant particular and Ong Keo industrial zone general are assessed as follows:
Environmental monitoring results show air quality at the project area is very good in present. VOC parameter in 2007 are high than ones in
PPMB – PVNT2 .4.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
In present on Long Tau. Opposite of the project area is Can Gio mangrove forest and downstream of Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers (about 9km) is Ganh Rai bay (fisherman breeds fish. at present there are some households feeding shrimp by industrial and the right side of Long Tau river (nearby confluence). AP lubricant company. Dong Tranh rivers catching gross output is about 700 tons/year.4.RDCPSE 11/2007
. crane… so dust. However. Vegetation cover along riverbanks is mangrove trees with mainly species of Nipa fruticans. due to constructional actions of Nhon Trach 1 power plant in Ong Keo industrial zone are using constructional equipment such as pilling machine. There are 4 internal specific ports belong to 4 operating factories. Sonneteria.1. ESI at the project is assessed as high level. there are 4 industrials zone which fill up full rent area.1.1 Assessment on environmental sensitivity of the project area Refer environmental sensitivity map at Ho Chi Minh city and its vicinity established by RDCPSE in 2005 . crab and oyster. Ong Keo industrial zone has about 4 operating factory as exportable wood manufacture factory. People’s committee of Dong Nai is continue established about 6 additional industries zone of which Ong Keo industrial zone has about 794 ha area. 2. ESI of types of resources is shown in EIA of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. At Nhon Trach 2 power plant.. Dong Nai province is established of 17 industrial zones with total area of 5. In all industrials zone have operated. Resource sensitivity index at the study area is classified to riverside and coastal area units depending on their sensitivity level to oil pollution.4 Environmental sensitivity and environmental loading capacity preliminary assessment on
2. Hence. Detail ESI classification of the project area and its vicinity is shown in figure 2. shrimp.
Natural resource and diversity of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem With fast development rate about industrialization and modernize along Dong Nai and Sai Gon rivers are effected to natural resource and diversity ecosystem.2
2. Ong Keo industrial zone is established detail environmental impact assessment report for Ong Keo industrial zone and planed wastewater drainage system.534 people/1. at Can Gio due to fast development of shrimp feeding area and infrastructure. Avicennia. the chimneys of Nhon Trach 2 and ones of Nhon Trach 1 power plants generate combinative influences which will make air quality of the area declined if there are not suitable treatment methods. species quantity and composition of aquatic will be decline. Sonneratia are cut down. 217 people/63 households. . due to development about industry.994 households. wastewater treatment area. Beside. industrial and waste solid wastewater treatments as well as prevent ability environmental pollution and aquatic source on Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers. Hence. up to 2005 populations of whole commune are 10. it is declined the composition of terrestrial ecosystem due to a part they are died and other part transfer other place.
2.751 people including 2. so influences to air quality in the area will not significant. of which: . domestic solid waste landfill .
PPMB – PVNT2 .Resident inhabitants. but they are not also exceed the allowable standard. tourist area to develop eco-tourist.
Water and soil qualities
At the present. Example. Phuoc Khanh commune. so there are the local pollution such as alum and salt pollution which effect to cultivated area and households near the project because of sand pump process and removal of vegetation cover…. when factories in industrial zone go into operation. management broad of industrial zone or authorities must have plan and strict and effective monitoring method of domestic. due to both two factories use main materials source as natural gas. Through analytical results of water quality.2. factories. In the operate phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant.1 Population
The project area is located at hamlet No 3.RDCPSE 11/2007
. aquatic species composition in 2007 show some parameter about water quality such as TSS increases significant. Hence. wharf are constructed so mangrove trees such as Nipa. The problem show constructional actions fill up of the projects along Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers. Beside. quantity and density of aquatic species are decreased. Today.Permanent inhabitants: 10. However. at Ong Keo industrial zone is constructing phase and operating of the projects. terrestrial as well as aquatic ecosystem and its diversity are decreased.. only some points of time dust contents are higher than the standard but after dust contents come back below standard level due to here it is still well-aired delta area.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
2006.057 households.. so mangrove area has cut down a part. Hence. which are declining temporary of water environment around Ong Keo industrial zone. If there are not suitable management program and environmental protect. The mangrove forest is habitant of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem.
45 teachers. stream.15. 2. 1 pagoda. 1 caodaism pagoda.Population increasing rate of the commune: 3.2 179.1 mid-wife .33 0.02 20.7 76. health and education summarized in table 2.1 292.11 11.19 1.21 8. 31 teachers.4 94.77 100. 01/2007
2.Total of poor households: 63 households.Preliminary school: 36 schools. good news (12 households) and Mohammedanism (1 household) including: 1 church.2 Land use existing at Ong Keo industrial zone  Land use existing at Ong Keo industrial zone are presented in Table 2.
.92 8. and 735 pupils. Buddhist (219 households). 13 teachers. HEALTH AND EDUCATION SITUATION OF PHUOC KHANH COMMUNE
Culture Catholicism (295 house holds).7 2.1 855.8 0.RDCPSE
Health 1 medical center: . and 1.033 pupils. 1 communal house of
PPMB – PVNT2 .38 1. Health and Education  Culture. .00
Source: Tin Nghia limited Company.3 nurses
Education .6 9. .1 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
.5 5. LAND USE EXISTING AT ONG KEO INDUSTRIAL ZONE No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Total Land classification Land tenure Agriculture land Filling up land Education land Cultivated land Crop land Paddy land Hodgepodge garden land Hollow land Religion land Cemetery land Transportation land River.67 0.3 Culture. Cao ðai (133 households).6 97.1 doctor .2.0 0.3 18.104.22.168 CULTURE. Population at this area must move and clear away are about 51 households with area of 45.25%.6 Rate (%) 1.12 11.Kindergarten: 9 schools. pond and lake Others Area (ha) 11.Secondary school: 18 class rooms.34 0. 268 pupils.93 34.2.1 1.01 0. Table 2.2565ha. At proposed NT 2 power plant area is agricultural land belonging to hamlet No 3.4 15. situation of Phuoc Khanh commune are
Table 2. .
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
village and 3 temples.The port of AP factory
PPMB – PVNT2 . there are 4 ports under operating.2. At branch point of Long Tau river to Vung Tau is Dong Tranh river. goods and passenger lines from HCM city to Vung Tau run through here of which there are passenger hydrofoils with high speed. These ports are local specific ones of 4 factories such as: . Shipping type with loading capacity of 30. Dong Tranh river flows the east of Nhon Trach city and surrounds its Southern. The report is only added mentioned about new information.93m. Section of Long Tau river through Ong Keo industrial zone area has wide of 60m and depth of 9-12m. It is the specific port and the quay located far about 50m away from the shore with requirement that largest ships can moor. . Transportation within industrial zone Ong Keo industrial zone. At the present. The information will be specific presented as follows:
Transportation system [11 & 12]
Transportation outside of Industrial zone Road transportation: At present. there is district road No. This is an important water route at the Southern main key economic area. Water transportation: Southwest of Nhon Trach city and Ong Keo industrial zone is Long Tau river. power.000WT can pass through. South and East of Ong Keo industrial zone is about 8. 6m wide from People Committee of Phuoc Khanh commune on the West.82m. using traffic road for residential area with width of 3m.5km length. in present there are some earth and gravel roads. Length largest ships are 129.5m high.
Port system 
Today. This road located far 3.The port of exportable wood manufacture factory The port has ability to receive ships with capacity of 15.RDCPSE 11/2007
.000DWT with its total length of 180m. at Ong Keo industrial zone. Today. width of 24m and depth of 7. 19 with width of 7m and asphalt concrete structure. there are some ports operated on riverside of industrial zone. water supply – drainage and communication of Phuoc Khanh commune were presented in EIA report of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.5km away from Ong Keo industrial zone to the North. 19 road and it surrounds Nhon Trach city and connects Nhon Trach city with others. Source: Bureau of statistics Phuoc Khanh commune 2. There are many inhabitants living on No. it combines with Mangrove (Sac) forest area forming large ecological forest zone. Ong Keo dyke surrounded the West.4 Infrastructure and transportation
Road infrastructure. 1.
7 tons/year.000 – 5. The port is form of wharf without connected riverside.6 m. 204ha of fruit trees were harvested (15ha of mango). Breeding
PPMB – PVNT2 .00 – 8.8m and high of water level of 5.
Power – water supply system 
Power – water supply system are has been constructed at the same time.451 ha.000m3/day) by water pipe diameter of industrial zone of φ=6.7ha of rice.000 tons and at a same time the port can accept two barges for unloading.640ha.427ha of sugarcane.3 ha/65 households. Harvesting capacity attains 79. Annona glabra with area of about 218ha. In the future. there is also the port of Nhon Trach 1 power plant which is constructing with propose capacity to receive DO ships of 5.000 – 30.17ha.5 – 3. there are 5 households transfer sugarcane cultivation to American hybrid corn cultivation. which are farming. perennial cultivate land of 126.000 DWT.The port of Lafarge cement The port can receive the ships capacity from 5. width of 13. leave yellow disease destroy 56. The length of wharf is 130m. 1. and pineapple was 61ha. water will be taken from Thien Tan water factory (Q=100. 245. forestry land of 7. At the present. farm products (soybean.87ha.930 ha of which sugar cane were 1.000DWT and the largest length of 88m. Cultivating: Cultivated area of annual tree in 2006 was 1. . homestead land of 45. corn) were over 100 ha. about 15% of population is merchant and remains are aquaculture and aquatic exploitation.00mm.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Length of the port is about 300m with specific port of ships capacity about 2. there is total natural land of 3. The port operates discontinuously and only used for importing DO when gas pipeline broken down.060 ha including forestry area of 4. lakes. paddy was over 300ha.000 DWT . there is over 80% of population. Fruit tree was mainly Mango. Beside.RDCPSE
.The port of Thien Viet limited company The port receives tankers with largest capacity of above 3.75% comparing to planning. The paddy was only cultivated one crop per year due to influence of salt and alum contamination.2.036 ha and without forestry area is 3.024 ha and remaining part is ponds. All commune. Cultivated trees stably develops. Power system is supplied by Dong Nai province Power Company. water is supplied temporary by underwater ground enterprise of Vinh Thanh commune.
2. 112ha of pineapple. canals and rivers. Gross output of paddy reaches 3.5 Economic activities Agricultural activities [12&13]
In Phuoc Khanh commune. In May.
. local state-owned increases 17. 76. Authorities of Phuoc Khanh commune create conditions encouraging households to develop new professional branches. there are 12 companies (mainly heavy industrial branch) under operation such as SUNTEEL limited. Aquaculture  Aquaculture area in the commune is about 74. industrial sewing. Commerce – small scale industry [12 & 13] Small scale industry is mainly rice husking. Industries of Phuoc Khanh commune. These branches have average growth level from12. Hong Ngoc gas.8%. Phan Vu concrete. there are some key industrial branches quickly developed such as shoes. and 119 business households with small scale.5 ha with 13 households. attract many labors. Especially. and leather shoes. AP refine oil. Comeco oil companies and Nhon Trach 1 power plant). livestocks are 9. At Ong Keo industrial zone.2%. buffalo: 60. Dong Nai province.0%. oil port. rabbit: 160). In whole commune. which invests and constructs infrastructure of Ong Keo industrial zone. wood-sawing. dove: 480) that decrease than previous year due to influence of livestock flu epidemic. Bao Tin. However. Hoang Viet. Total domestic cattle and livestock are 19. there are 27 projects with domestic and foreign investment capital. shipbuilding No.
Industrial production of Dong Nai province is continuous quickly develop and reach high increase rate.3ha with 400 individuals. central national industries were 8. Fish cultural area was 47. there are about 264 business households of which 62 households have to be paid taxes.000 individuals/1000m2.424. In commune. there is a project of Tin Nghia company.6%.. goats: 350.795 (pigs: 9. leaches. Besides.
PPMB – PVNT2 . enlarge existing manufacture and create processing jobs for people such as cashew separation.8ha. electronic which were high export value. average development level of industrial production value reaches 17.874 (duck: 6. chicken: 2. Vinashin. Dong Thap oil commerce.4% to 41. Waste from shrimp ponds is discharged into Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers. cows: 120.4%.23ha including 175 households and at hamlet No 3 about 13. textile.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Cattle and livestock breeding and aquaculture are stable. exportable wood manufacture.4ha and other aquatic product was 0. private business increases 26.100. last year there was no livestock flu epidemic happened in the commune. there is a crocodile-breeding farm with area of 0.. foreign investment increases 18. Producing capacity were not high due to it is effected from water source and weather.970.9%.RDCPSE
.. 81 business households with low income. These companies deal with jobs for 355 labours. there are 10 households having 67 rooms for rent. Shrimp cultural area was 12ha with density of 40.669 of which cattle are 9. Shrimp capacity was about 100 tons/ha/year. Lafarge cement companies. Of which.
vegetable cover Filling up and consolidating foundation.Boat/ship activities Soil Equipments commissioning and testing Mine detecting and destroying Vegetation layer clearance.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
3.1 MAIN SOURCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Activities of construction. besides impacts from project development.Embankment building around the plant Water -Transportation of construction material and equipment . NOx. removal and discharge Filling up and consolidating foundation Discharging of dredging mud Transportation of construction materials
Waste sludge Liquid waste Solid waste Alum
. VOC.1. Table 3. Equipment installation and painting Operation of constructive equipment and heavy lorries. it is considered accumulation impacts of NT1 power plant constructing nearby the project area.Construction waste .Staking .RDCPSE
. CH4. HC
.1 MAIN SOURCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN CONSTRUCTION/INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING PHASE
Environment Pollution sources Clearance. During construction phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. SOx.related waste.
ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
3. removal of stripping of topsoil. Main polluted sources generated from construction and installation/commission phases of Nhon Trach 2 power plant are summarized in table 3.Dust. operation and decommissioning phases in the future will cause impacts from discharges from related waste and non. Equipment commissioning and testing Pollutants . COx. So. impacts during construction of imported DO jetty will not be mentioned in this section. Impacted sources of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is presented by each phase such as: Construction phase The activities related to temporary port construction for transporting super-size and super-weight equipment and imported DO jetty for two power plants were mentioned in EIA report of Nhon Trach 1.Hazardous waste .Domestic
PPMB – PVNT2 .
and other industrial wastewaters.
If there are not reasonable management or unreasonable disposal for these pollutants. Moreover.Alum . wastewater. ammoniac and hydrazine which will discharge together with cooling water. . Clearance and site preparing Emigration. All of other solid waste including: industrial waste. . there are also domestic waste. those discharged types will cause affect to environment quality in the vicinity.Discharging of solid waste. Decommission phase Dismantle activities of the Power plant’s productive facilities will generate a quantity of hazardous and non-hazardous waste including fuel oil. it also has SOx. and solid waste including: Emission gases from HRSG contain NOx. Kinds of wastewater including: in regular operation. discharge water from boiler is demineralization one containing small content of phosphate.RDCPSE
. Forecast of environmental incident risks
PPMB – PVNT2 . discharged cooling water has highest temperature of about 35oC and in case of tail gas incident (rarely occurs) the highest temperature is 40oC. All above activities will generate air emission.Dust.Solid waste
Operation phase As all power plants running by natural gas.Liquid waste . discharged sludge from wastewater treatment system. .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Pollutants wastewater . noise.Liquid waste . CO and in case of using DO fuel.The discharging of industrial and domestic wastewater. etc.Activities of taking and discharging of cooling water. Emission gases will emit to environment through the main stack of 60m height.Dredging mud . main environmental impacted sources of Nhon Trach 2 power plant (PP) including: . oil sludge and domestic waste. .Activities of DO Jetty.Activities of gas turbines operated by natural gas or DO.Solid waste
Pollution sources Discharging of construction waste Discharging of domestic waste Clearance and site preparing Staking Transportation of construction material and equipment Embankment building around the plant Boat/ship activities Construction of temporary and stable resettlement area. vibration . wastewaters generated from the plant area. lubricant oil and used equipment. compensation and ground clearance Construction activities Infrastructure developing
1ppm of hydrogen sulfide. In case the natural gas supply is interrupted. Proposed DO used for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is commercial oil in Vietnamese market. of CO2 and 10. etc.969% mol. but light molecules with higher noxiousness are faster evaporation. Risk of fire/ explosion accident During operation of Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant (CCPP). turbine covers. inside pressure will be increased suddenly and lead to explosion.
When the flammable mixture is formed (flammable gas content in the air is in the range between low flammable limit (LFL) and upper flammable limit (ULF)). the power plant will use stand-by fuel as imported diesel oil (DO) with maximum sulfur content of 0. which is very dangerous for people and equipment in the affected area. fresh and waste fuel tanks. The natural gas are composed mainly of alkanes from C1 to C5 with methane content of approximately 89.RDCPSE
. an electric spark). light color and can be expected to spread on the water surface.g.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Main fuel source of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is natural gas exploited from Nam Con Son field following Phu My – Ho Chi Minh city gas pipeline project.
Diesel oil Diesel oil (DO) is a petroleum distillate belonging to medium fraction. If firing process occurs inside a closed system. it may fire even with very little ignition (e. Forecasted risks from above fuels to environment and people are summarized as follows: 1. Natural gas Some hazardous properties of natural gas are: Natural gas exists in equipment under high pressure. following typical accidents may happen: Fire/explosion accidents generated by short circuit in main electrical equipment such as power generators transformer and electrical lines. dissolve and dilute in first hours released into environment. Not like as other heavy oil. These characteristics are very important to define toxic level and spread direction of oil on the water surface in case of oil spill occurs. resins or stable compounds which are in mixture of water emulsion in oil) DO is higher noxiousness than other oils. DO not make emulsifier and thus it does not keep long on the water surface. gas filters. disperse. gas will be quickly escaped out and be difficult to control.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Natural gas is flammable and form flammable mixture with oxygen when they are leaked into atmosphere. evaporate. because it does not contain asphalting. combustion chamber.595% wt.7%. etc. Fire/ explosion accident caused by gas or fuel leakage: usually occurs at gas received/ delivered place. gas mixture will be heated and strongly expanded. so when leakage occurs. This natural gase also contains 1.
gas separated station. Normally.2. DO storage tank area In gas pipeline to turbines. which is whirly distributed in the air. drums. It is usually fatal for anyone within it and major damage to facilities within the flame. As with the jet fire. Explosion accident Explosion is a process related to pressure wave formation generated from very quick energy freeing. released gas has spurt type and flame up. It is usually fatal for anyone within or near to the flame. there is no fire/ explosion caused by short-circuit in power plants. it may be fatal for anyone within or near to the flame.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Probability of fire/ explosion incidents caused by short-circuit is actually very small. DO DO Location occurred In gas pipeline to turbines. DO storage tank area DO tanks
Note: VCE: Vapour Cloudy Explosion. and may damage or destroy any properties within the flame. Summary of potential fire and explosion accidents in the power plan is presented in below table. Up to now. gas separated station. so it will not damage to facilities in the incident area. Explosion accident types are described as follows: Vapour Cloudy Explosion (VCE) Vapor cloud explosion can occur because of the combustion of a gas cloud. There are two types of vapor cloud explosion as follows: − Unconfined vapor cloud explosion (UVCE) – this is a vapor cloud explosion occurred in open area. Jet Fire: Jet fire is a high intensity fire with flare type caused by gas or gas/fluid stream leakage under high-pressure. DO CH4 (natural oil). Whirled vapor cloud will accelerate the combustion process until the expanding cloud of combustion gases generates an appreciable overpressure and explosion. BLEVE: Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion
Fire accident Main fire accidents are classified as follows: Flash Fire: Flash fire occurs with rapid rate of gas mass. SUMMARY OF POTENTIAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION ACCIDENTS IN THE POWER PLANT
Accident type Fire VCE BLEVE Cause CH4 (natural oil). Table 3. and pipeline
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
. Pool Fire: Pool fire is a fire on the surface of a pool of flammable liquid. It occurs rapidly. all UVCEs would not cause significant shaken effects due to vapor clouds will be combusted as eddy flame with high heat radiation. which may occur either from a large rapid release or following a continuous liquid release.
Confined vapor cloud explosion (CVCE) – this is vapor cloud explosion generated within small or closed space such as in tanks.
which may happen in the power plant. At that time. Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion . The impacts are described and distributed in Table 3. These accidents start with a fire outside the tank and the flame heat the fuel tank. Therefore. which will easily form a fire ball and continuously be burned by existing flame in the tank surrounding area. In practice. This type of explosion usually creates strong shaken effects.
According to statistical data of UKHSE.RDCPSE 11/2007
. which may destroy surrounding projects.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
or in closed building.BLEVE: Boiling liquid-expanding vapor explosions most likely occur in fluid tanks under pressure. Operation phase: accident from DO unloading barge collides into jetty. In case of collision into jetty.3. 2.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Accidents from ship/boat collision during operations phase in the port area may include: Construction phase: accident from river-traffic activities. liquid inside the tank will be boiled. leaked gases are easier to be fired than leaked DO because they spread more quickly and consists of many compositions with lower flash point. so risk of fire/explosion accident is assessed small in normal operation phase. the tank will be ruined and cause explosion. explosions may be fatal to anyone within it and cause significant damage both within and beyond the region of the cloud. Nhon Trach 2 power plant has fire/ explosion protecting system and specialized equipments. explosion accident will effect to plant area. In summary. but project owner must regular monitor and minimize risks. In this case. BLEVE accident may occur in the DO tank. cause of radiation volume and over pressure quickly decrease by distance.7. Most serious fire/ explosion accident. in case of big explosion accident it will bring loss of people and property in power area within a radius of 200m. Two unconfined vapor cloud explosion and confined vapor cloud explosion. Generally.10-4 = 5. so effect signification to local residential area. Therefore. evaporated and expanded leading to increasing vapor pressure inside the tank. Besides.2x10-2 ship/year. medium and small. radiation may to impact on local residential area. In case of the power plant. impacts to jetty are difference and may be divided into 3 levels: serious.7x10-4 ship/year. liquid fuel is flammable compound. gas released volume is biggest. show that frequency of ship/boat collision to jetty is 3. its vapor releases out at high temperature and pressure. Furthermore. However. Accident from ship/boat collision in the port area. Nhon Trach 2 power plant is constructed in the industrial area that is far from residential area. When pressure exceeds the acceptable limit. depend on accident level. frequency of ship/boat collision of Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 in DO unloading jetty is 141ship/barge x 3. is the gas pipeline broken to the turbines.
To base oneself on data of ship density on Long Tau river (Table 3.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
. FREQUENCE OF SHIP/BOAT COLLISION
Level Serious Medium Small Description To destroy or to damage jetty very serious – need 30 days for jetty repair and restoration.976 3.067 0.4) show that accident from ship/boat on the river is big significant. special is tanker collision with another ships.116 1. According to Ho Chi Minh port authorities.August.8.657.10-3 2. Thus.861
2.88 37. ANNUAL SHIP/BOAT QUANTITY ON LONG TAU RIVER
№ 1 2 3 4 Kind of ships/boats Transport ship of oil –fuel to upstream of rivers such as: Nha Be.567 46.
Accident from ship/boat collision in vicinity area
At present.22 Medium Small Serious Medium Distribution (%) 3 5 92 3 5 92 3 5 Annual frequency of ship collision 0.117 Transporting quality (ton/year) 6. frequency of ship collision in the vinicity of project is estimated in Table 3. frequency of ship/boat collision in serious level between ship and jetty in jetty of power plant is relatively small.042 1.10-3 47. Table 3.682. ship/boat quantity on Long Tau river is summarized in Table 3. According of stastical data of (UKHSE). Dong Nai.972 8.4 x 10-3ship/year.5
№ Ship Transport ship of oil – fuel Seagoing vessel come in and out of Sai Gon port Hydrofoil
FREQUENCY OF SHIP COLLISION IN THE VINICITY
Frequency Incident level Serious Medium Small Serious 65.294 60. frequency of ship collision is 4.5. specialized ports of plants on the Nha Be – Long Tau river system operating and will operate along Long Tau river.111 2.10-3
Therefore. To damage but need only some weeks for repair Insignificant Distribution (%) 3 5 92 Profanity /year 1.4. 2006 Quantity (time/year) 505 14.640 22.214.171.124 1. so number of operating ship/boat is rather high on Long Tau river. Sai Gon Seagoing vessel come in and out of Sai Gon port Hydrofoil Different transport ship Total Source: Ho Chi Minh port authorities .4 : Table 3.000 27.6.22
PPMB – PVNT2 .
24 0. Fauna Project area is in Dong Tranh and Long Tau river delta.. mango..660 12. Perennial cultivated land: 199. Nhon Trach 2 power plant use mainly natural gas.1 Natural environment Natural environment (terrestrial and aquatic) impacted from project execution during construction and operation phases are as follows:
Terrestrial ecosystem Flora ecosystem
Results of site survey on July 09th-11th 2007 shows that the propose area for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is mainly poor garden.565m2. Although. frequency of ship/boat collision is not high. AFFECTED OBJECT AND SCALE
3. DO is stanby fuel (only use when has problem with natural gas fuel). Total of land lost for clearance and site preparing is 52.2
From above results shows that risk of ship/boat collision is very high. tangerine. so frequency is very low and cause for risk of oil spill will insignificant.14
Incident level Serious Serious Medium Serious
Distribution (%) 92 3 5 92
Different transport ship
13. In environmental way. in which : Annual cultivated land: 225.
The remainder is for aquaculture (778 m2) and for traffic (25. orange.2.RDCPSE
3.880 m2).915m2. fruit garden (brackish soursop. guava. Vegetation cover along both the riversides in around plant essentially is nipa and small mangrove. Annual frequency of ship collision is 1-2 accidents on waterway of Vung Tau – Long Tau . especially accident from ship/boat collision of seagoing vessel which come in and out of Sai Gon port with hydrofoil in vicinity of plant area. kumquat.992m2. now there are almost no endangered animals here.2. but the ships/boats frequently have big tonnage so when accident happens oil spilled to environment is very high (depend on incident level).DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Annual frequency of ship collision 34.HCMC.396 0. In summary. ananas. this incident will be very serious and permanent threaten to natural environment. There are only small quantity of little birds and
PPMB – PVNT2 .
In the report. impact on vegetation is insignificant. Result of environmental baseline analysis in 2007 in comparison with result in 2006 (before Nhon Trach 1 power plant and temporary port are built) shows that benthos ecosystem is increased significantly.039m3/s). Therefore. Cooling water is taken from Dong Tranh river (average flow is 3. so vegetation cover is lost in the future. because their living environment area changed such as current. because fuel spill.
During installation phase. larvae and juvenile shrimp and fish. CW intaking for Nhon Trach 1 &2 power plant by underground pipe from Dong Tranh river can also reduce quantity of aquatic organism that is rather diversity
PPMB – PVNT2 . The impacts from construction of temporary jetty and DO unloading jetty were assessed in EIA for Nhon Trach 1 power plant .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
reptiles and amphibian. Nhon Trach 2 power plant with capacity of 750 MW will use rather high flow of cooling water (18m3/s). impacts on aquatic ecosystem will be assessed through cooling water intaking and discharging activities and technical wastewater discharging activities. chemical in cooling system of condenser are changed. fish eggs. green trees will be grown within the plant precinct. pressure. increase of temperature.RDCPSE 11/2007
Impacts on aquatic ecosystem
Due to Nhon Trach 2 power plant use DO unloading jetty with Nhon Trach 1 power plant. zooplanktons. Although at the CW intaking mouth installed the screening system for preventing garbage but suck of CW can sweep a large quantity of aquatic organisms such as phytoplankton. domestic waste from ship activities. Pulled aquatics could be die. Operation phase Impacts on terrestrial ecosystem Activities of Nhon Trach 2 power plant similar to Nhon Trach 1 power plant. to create landscape for the power plant. Constructing of jetty will not effect to aquatic ecosystem but transporting activities of above equipments will effect more or less to aquatic ecosystem in temporary port. Nhon Trach 2 power plant is in Ong Keo industrial zone. Beside. so impacts from dredging activities were presented in EIA for Nhon Trach 1 power plant. cause activities of filling-up foundation and construction phase in Ong Keo industrial area. etc . impacted level of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is insignificant in normal operation phase.Impact from cooling water intake: During operation phase. super-weight and super-side equipments are transported through temporary jetty of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.
Beside.Disbandment < 30% agricultural land (no house): 03 households. If project owner don’t have methods for satisfactory compensation. compensation and clearance is very complicated and difficult works. sugar mill. 3. . use chloric for antifouling of bivalve species in pipeline. Therefore.2.Disbandment 100%: 14 households. hydrazine and phosphate are used for antifouling in boiler. However. However.Impact from discharging cooling water: Cooling water from cooling process will discharge into Long Tau – Dong Tranh river confluence through uncovered canal with 1. Dong Nai province is one of provinces.3mg/l. oily water from productive area. Beside.580 of length. Beside. The impacts on population community are presented as blow:
Emigrant and clear the ground
During emigrant process.
PPMB – PVNT2 . .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
and abundant here.042 people/km2.Impact from technological wastewater Chemicals are used in plant mainly acid sulfuric H2SO4. won’t be clear ground and affect constructing progress of project. Therefore. Nhon Trach district is 257 people/km2. which have high rate of economic development. in which Bien Hoa city is 3. impacts of wastewaters on aquatic ecosystem are insignificant.Disbandment > 30% agricultural land (no house): 34 households. NaCl for demineralization of complementally water for gas cycle. It attracted and attracting more and more investigative projects for big industrial area such as power plant. . The construction/operation Nhon Trach 2 power plant and Nhon Trach 1 power plant will impact on population and labor force distribution of Nhon Trach district in general and Phuoc Khanh commune in particular. it will not make temperature change for aquatic creature. rate of population growth is high by local population and employee which immigrate from other provinces (average population of province is 342 people/km2.2) show that difference of temperature is insignificant. in which: .RDCPSE
.2 Impact on population community At present. cement plant. so CW discharge with high concentration of chlor will impact on animal at discharged area.2. technical wastewater which contain chemical is treated to meet the discharge standard of TCVN 5945:2005 (column B) before discharge to received environment. project owner will control the concentration so that not exceed 0. NaOH. . According to result of cooling water dispersion modeling (detail in 3. Number of lost land and clear household is 51 households . Although large quantity of aquatic organisms is intaken and mortal rate can not yet forecast. shipyard. but in general Dong Tranh river has rather large flow where are habitats of aquatic organisms comparing to aquatic quantity intaken occupied very small rate. wastewater from equipment cleaning process will be treated to meet the discharge standard of TCVN 5945:2005 (column B) through treatment system. Beside.
Therefore. According to survey and interview households in resettling area of Phuoc Khanh commune. they will worry their live in the future when displace to new place. These pollutants such as NOx. increase mechanical population. noise from activities of car. CO and hydrocarbon generated will directly affect to human health. show that infrastructure of esettling area (in Ong Keo industrial area) is rather good (Figure 3. SO2. and for aquacultural land is VND 40. 14 moving households have low intellectual standards and earn living by mainly agriculture. Beside. However. barge. Therefore. The considerable emission of natural gas during the commission or operation will directly effect on the workers working on site such as headache and dizzy. engage constructing worker). these impacts are assessed in small level. emigrant for clear the ground will strictly affect to 51 households who live and work in the project area. installing equipment and heavy-duty truck will affect health of worker and local population.000/m2. mainly camp of constructing project in Ong Keo industrial area. noise and gas emission has been generated from operation of vehicles and other construction equipment.July 2007 and collected idea of people who live in the project area.RDCPSE 11/2007
Construction and operation phase of power plant
Constructing activities of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will take impacts on local community include:
. the gas venting is only carried out when the system is over-pressure
PPMB – PVNT2 . so project’s constructing activities will be change living condition and job of local people. so local authority uncared properly to make productive condition and job for people in resettling area. and make complicated problems in culture and order and security.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Thus. Result shows that compensation for displaced households is satisfactory and is supported by local people. However. base on report of inhabitants.Impact on public health During the construction phase. now population density in project area is not so many. CPSE contacted with Phuoc Khanh people's committee on 9th.Increase of population density
Constructing activities of other companies in Ong Keo industrial area with the fist step of constructing activities of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be partially increase population density because mobilize a big number of workers from another places come here.000/m2. The households will be lost some times to restore and to continue productive activities. Compensative price for agricultural land is VND 52. number of displaced household is small and the area is in industrial planning area of Dong Nai province many years ago and local people had informations about build of Nhon Trach 2 power plant in the area. Beside benefits include to make job (make service. However. . According to results of survey show that.
regular submerged. impacts from construction of Nhon Trach 2 power plant on local agriculture are assessed as medium level. When the plant clearance operates and upgraded to +1. lemon. foundation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant not only develops local industry but also to make job for local population and population of another place. in rainy season water is stagnant inside canal and drained to Dong Tranh river is salinity protection dyke and discharged to Dong Tranh river by Muoi canal. eucalyptus or fruit-tree (mango. concurrently impulse development of other industrial branches such as traffic. the project has a part to raise the local socioeconomic. brackish soursop. So that affected level is assessed as minor on the workers. mainly fruit trees and poor garden. Topography of the area slopes from North to South and from East to West. Aquaculture and Fishery The power plant will be constructed at hamlet No. so it is created a water protection dyke. The agricultural lands were used for growing sugar cane.2. Therefore. From survey on July 2007 shows that after NT1 PP site clearance. elevation changes from 0. Phuoc Khanh commune located low topography. yield is not so high because this area is acidified.3. But. located in freshen area inside the Ong Keo dyke.9 ha of agricultural land. Therefore. enhance the living standard of local people The construction of Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plant will to have a part in development of local energy industry in particular and of the whole country in general. Thus. the project will need a numerous local and skills workers.Push industrial.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
and volume of venting gas is very small. There is only small area (778 m2) of some aquacultural households living outside of dyke. Almost of the workers will be chosen in region.2m high level. mandarin. soursop. Concurrently. guava.Job and training for local people In construction process. and heavy alum contamination. service. construction activities will not directly affect to
PPMB – PVNT2 . The Nhon Trach 2 power plant construction will everlasting lose 30. orange. 3. service development. in rainy season water not discharged timely to Muoi canal so it cause western and northern area stagnant. . pineapple. pineapple. Phuoc Khanh commune. cultivated yield decreases to 40% and destroyed to 20% fruit trees (mango.…) on construction area of NT2 PP.7-1. commerce and industry. along Dong Tranh river is salinity protection dyke.RDCPSE
.3 Local economy Project’s construction is force to strongly impulse and to stimulate development and to transfer economic structure. Agriculture Hamlet 3. . brackish soursop.0m.
impact of the project will be insignificant. However. That contributes an important role in development of industrial production value in the area. commercial and service development.Water – way transportation
The raw materials for construction of Nhon Trach 2 power plant includes cement.column B) applied for water of aquaculture before discharge to receiving area. execution of the Nhon Trach power plant group in general and Nhon Trach 2 power plant will develop some industrial branches such as mechanism. Impacts on aquaculture and fishery are assessed as low during construction phase. The construction and development of power plant will contribute in renewing and upgrading the whole infrastructure system of the area such as enhancing power supplier. domestic wastewater that can impact on the aquacultural households along Dong Tranh river and Long Tau river nearby the project area. temperature different will be 7oC. development and activities of main industrial branches such as: power plant project and another projects in Ong Keo industrial zone will create works for another small industrial branches which serve for operations and maintenance phase of the power plant. In addition. all above wastewater must be treated to meet Vietnamese standard (TCVN 5945:2005. Transporting activities of installation equipments will use waterway system because mainly equipments such as gas –turbine (380 tons of weight) will transport by monolithic and use
PPMB – PVNT2 . Transportation and Infrastructure
.800 m3/hour. that equivalent about 64. When the plant comes into operation. building wastewater drainage system. commercial service. Wastewater of Nhon Trach 1 power plant will not affect to above aquacultural households.000 m3/s). Operation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will directly discharge to Long Tau river about 18 m3/s cooling water (CW). sand/soil. 2007 shown that along the left of Long Tau riverbank (toward the project side) there are 2 households with industrial shrimp hatching and there are 4 industrial shrimp hatching households on T-junction of Dong Tranh river and Ong Keo dyke. The construction materials transportation will be transported by water – way (temporary harbor) and associate with road traffic. Thus. these aquaculture areas (along Dong Tranh. etc. and wood will be transported from the area near the power plant. in operation time.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
aquaculture. construction. Industry and Energy development Construction of Nhon Trach 1 &2 power plant will salvage natural source from Nam Con Son basin. chemical contaminated water. Furthermore. pushing up local industrial development and creating conditions for development of other projects in the area. 9-11th. Long Tau rivers) also belong to industrial land of Ong Keo industrial zone. Besides. communication. According to survey result about aquacultural situation along the Long Tau river on July. oily water. road system. When discharge cooling water to outlet on the Long Tau river (Qmax >15.RDCPSE 11/2007
. discharged sources causing water pollution includes heat contaminated water. simultaneous impulse the development of oil and gas industry and energy.
Therefore. road traffic system of Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plant is rather fully done. DO port.1 Construction phase During construction phase. will more comfortable if use road-traffic for transport of constructing material and equipments in installation phase.3. noisy. loading and unloading equipments.g. increase ship/boat collision risk. logical arrangement of transportation. . lorries will arise significantly quantity of dust. And have a part in increase transporting density as a result in Khanh An commune. Existing project area is wetland area with many riverside mangroves (mainly Nipa). activities of diesel engines. the landscape will completely be changed from pure rural area to modern industrial zone.RDCPSE 11/2007
. consolidation and plant construction will change the area’s natural landscape at hamlet No.: communicate to waterway police. Now. the change of area landscape due to plant construction activities and auxiliary constructions can be accepted and impact level is assessed as moderate during the project’s life. backfill. Nhon Trach district. 3. Presence of Ong Keo industrial area..3. rise infrastructure and communication. emission. Therefore. risk potential is not so high the impact level is assessed as medium level during the plant construction phase. The construction and operation activities of the plant will not affect to preserve area if management of emission gas.). and rubbish and boats/barges activities was seriously and strictly implemented. Therefore. Equipments with small weight are transported by trucks to plant area. The transportation will increase density of ship/boat of area where is high transporting density.. However.
PPMB – PVNT2 . In summary.2. wastewater. 3 of Tay Khanh hamlet in Phuoc Khanh commune. create favourable condition for national and foreign investors invested to the local. construction and development of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is carried out according to strategy development planning and after that industrial complex with moderate and small sizes. DO transportation (stanby fuel for Nhon Trach 2 power plant) was calculated to add in EIA for Nhon Trach 1 power plant.4. urban area will be developed. Landscape and reservation area Activities of emigration and ground clearance. impacts from DO transportation were not mentioned in the report. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IMPLEMENTATION ASSESSMENT DURING PROJECT
3. the plants.Road traffic and infrastructure As Nhon Trach 1 power plant. During operation phase. to bring Nhon Trach 2 power plant in Khanh An commune will to have a part into change the face of road traffic in the area. Opposite to the project area is mangrove forest belonging to Can Gio district that is biosphere reserve area with beautiful landscape and ecological tourism place attracted tourist. Therefore. etc. 3. if appropriate management steps are available (e.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
temporary harbor for equipment slide. spotlight system and Nhon Trach power plant group will lose former harmonious appearance of riverside wetland area.
1 Air quality Dust The transporting activities of construction materials and super weight-super height equipments to the project area also arise significant quantity of dust. etc… and depend on mode of transport and activities of each equipment. Emission from construction equipments Activities of construction equipments such as will emit a significant quantity of different kind of exhausted gas to the environment includes: COx. dug soil will be transported about 141. But after that it gets down to allowable level of standard. If workers are equipped suitable equipments of labour safety. Populated density is thin in the project area and the population is moved to other place. in sometimes. so have a part in increase concentration of dust in air. so the impacts are assessed as small during construction phase.450m3 by direct suck from barges. However. so dust arised mainly in the plant precinct. so soil disposal landfill can be placed far about 5km from the plant or used proposed area of NT4 PP as temporary landfill.average value is low compared with limited standard. SOx. However. In phase of sand transportation for site filling.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Impact level will depend on discharging time.1. number of vehicles in this phase is about 36 trucks with medium tonnage (15 tons) operating not exceed 2 months. the transportation of construction materials. Furthermore. concentration. so raised dust not affect to local population.6.930 m3. 3.6 ESTIMATED EMISSION VOLUMES FROM OPERATION OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT IN CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION PHASE
Total DO used (ton) 1. Table 3. Air quality is still very well in residential area. Depending on real operation. dust concentration exceeds allowable standard in near working area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. NOx.3. Transporting distance to area needed fill up is about 3km. According to the quick assessment method of World Health Organization WHO 1993 . some projects which constructing in Ong Keo industrial zone. discharging process. estimated emission volume of diesel engines used in the construction period is summarized in Table 3. sand transported is about 324. equipments supported for the project are mainly carried out by river way – the more advantage transportation way. dust.RDCPSE
. meteorological factors and sensitive level of receiving environment. Organic layer removal phase (3 months) Constructing equipments Quantity (Unit) Low of emission gases TSP (Ton)
PPMB – PVNT2 . Dust from installation and construction phases will make strictly impacts on workers who work in project area. The results of air quality measuring (2007) show those 24 hours . Gas emission In organic layer removal.
Using time is about 4 months Total 3.68 All kind of rammer 2.45 01 8 0.07 equipment) from port area to the plant.in calculating: DO density is 0.43 11.08 0. In commissioning phase of single cycle gas turbine.21 3. digger and pile driver is about 90 liter/shift.23 0.12 0.56 0. because the project area is in ventilated rural plain area so the emission volume will be dispersed quickly and impact level is considered as small and only limited within the project area.39 (15 ton) 7.03 01 8 0. Installation phase (installation time for single cycle is 5 months and for combined cycle is 2 months) Crane 08 223 0.007 7.14 Bulldozer (108CV) 0.RDCPSE
.13 0.3 for TSP.
PPMB – PVNT2 . 14 for CO and 4 for VOC .010 11.89 Truck with medium capacity 30 557 2.51 1.11 0. Backfilling.25 0.7.06 14 111 0.13 36 286 1.22 0. According to above data shown emission volume in the constructing and installing period is mainly.03 20 159 0.d.81 3.23 Specific lorries of 200-300 tons (using transport superweight.17 1.05 1. it will be tested in 30 days and in commissioning phase of combine cycle.002 2.03 Piling machine 0.01 15. 26 days working per month.017 20.23 Lorry 4. 20S for SO2.14 0.67 Digging machine 0.56 0. consolidation foundation phase (2 months) 02 16 0.03 Leveling machine 0.001 1. grader. Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be commissioned in two periods: commission and test for single cycle gas turbine group and for the combined cycle gas turbine group.03 38.001 1.35 0.01 0.11 0.19 Note: .b.23 0.64 Total 1. Estimation of emission component and volume in full regime testing phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is shown in table 3.45 0. Constructing equipments Quantity (Unit)
It is estimated that quantity of DO used for trucks.3% weight ..c.80 0.17 0.88 6.026 30. it will be tested in 4 months. 70 for NOx.0005 0.0005 0.48 4 32 0. dredgers is 60 liters/shift and DO quantity for other heavy machines such as rammer.041 55.007 8. 2 shifts per day working.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Low of emission gases Total DO b TSP COc SO2a NOxd VOCe used (Ton) (Ton) (Ton) (Ton) (Ton) (ton) 15 119 0.23 0.15 Total 1.29 4.98 2.63 1.e:Calculate basing on dispersion coefficient 4. However.80 0.48 Dredger 1.019 21.76 2.59 0.24 0.56 0.07 Backfilling machine 0.85T/m3. Emission from commissioning phase In commissioning phase. super-length 01 18 0.a: Calculate based on Sulfur content is 0.11 0.96 3.
79 12.7 EMISSION COMPONENTS AND VOLUME IN TESTING PROCESS FOR NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
№ Parameter Unit Single cycle Do burning Combined TCVN cycle 7740:2005 0 3. At the beginning of testing.RDCPSE
NOx CO Dust
3.25 10 4.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Table 3.34 16. The equipments may make noise above 90dB in distance of 15m.15 Ar % 0.600 Gas burning Combined TCVN cycle 7740:2005 0.021 51. Kv = 1 (Industrial area in countryside) (): TCVN 7440:2005 apply for combined cycle with coefficient of Kp = 0.30 N2 % 73. Fill-up activities need equipments such as bulldozer. Kv = 1 (Industrial area in countryside)
Compare the content of pollutants in emission gas in full regime commissioning processing with the Vietnamese standard TCVN 7440-2005 applied for 750 MW Nhon Trach 2 power plant. However.34 16.
Emission gases content SO2 % 0 CO2 % 3.7.89 0.88 428.25 5 4.88 H2O % 9.02 4.609
2. during mine detecting phase.96 7.72 74.57 150 15 10 4.88 Concentration of emission gases SOx mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm
Formal define in constructing phase
428.609 4251 (350) 5101 (420) 1.23 12.57 150 15 5 4. commissioning phase is only one month so impacts of exhausted gas may be considered as insignificant.Piling driver (1. However. impacts (include noise and vibration) are about 6 days on vicinity.85.18 0.23 12.51 (105) Single cycle 0.5 ton): .89 0. other heavy equipment will arise noise to strictly affect workers who work in project area and vicinity. pollutants of emission gas not exceed the allowance standard.Diesel compressor: .88 9.51 (175) 1. .02 4.79 O2 % 12.000 127.72 74. there will be a quanlity of black smoke because of dust and incomplete burning products including oil and grease attached on the surface of heatproof equipments. expect SOx concentration when use DO.96 7.000 42.30 73.15 0.18 0.
Noise and vibration
All of project area of Nhon Trach 2 power plant (include power plant and work ground) was detected mine for absolute safety for project.
Emission gases flow
Sources: Power Engineering Consulting Company 2 Note: 1 : TCVN 7440:2005 apply for single cycle with coefficient of Kp = 0.51 (35) Note
1.Concrete mixing machine (diesel): 80dB 75dB 75dB
PPMB – PVNT2 .021 51.600 2551 (210) 212. navy. Beside.
3. so the impacts of vibration on local project and population are assessment as insignificant. piling machines was operating so noise exceeded allowable standards TCVN 5949:1998 at NT1 PP under construction but at the residential area. Besides.Distance of 240m 90dB 85dB 80dB 70-60dB 55dB
Thus. so noise decreases by distance as follow: . noise of constructing activities not impact on residential area (distance of about 2km far from project area). noise will decrease by distance. Some physiology norms of noise are shown in table 3.Distance of 120m . The Nhon Trach 2 power plant located at the confluence of Dong Tranh river and Long Tau river. Noise generated from project construction equipment ranging within 75-93dB will directly affect to health of construction workers However.8. some times (10h45).
Table 3. so noise increases significant.Distance of 30m . super weight equipments. noise is very low (~41dB) at this time. Impact from vibration: vibration source arise from constructing equipments such as diesel pneumatic hammer. Affected area is defined within radius of 200m surrounding the plant area.8. basing on results measured in working area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. Construction activities in construction phase which have potential impact on water quality including: Transportation activities for construction material and super size.1.. impact from noise from piling machine is long lasting and cause unpleasant for population in the area.. IMPACT LEVEL OF NOISE
No 1 2 3 4 Noise level 45dB at night and 60dB at daytime 70-80dB 95-110dB 120-140dB Impact level No impact Causing tired Begin dangerous Risk of trauma
In all construction equipments of the plant. lose sleep. ram down facilities.Distance of 15m .
PPMB – PVNT2 . However.Distance of 60m .RDCPSE
.2 Water quality Such as Nhon Trach 1 power plant.3. operating time of above equipments is short and is in project area. nervous disorder and decrease labor productivity. example: noise of equipment is 90dB. Vibration impacts on health and bring tired. In practice.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
If equipments operate at the same time. the vibration impacts on local project.
there are about 500 workers and technical cadres that work in 20 months. The organic layer and vegetation cover will be dredged to 0. discharging of waste oil into river makes river water polluted. In foundation leveling and filling up. sandy soil and TSS.3. Foundation filling material is sand that can take from other place or neighbor area. Results of environmental baseline survey at Dong Tranh river and Long Tau river in the rainny season (7/2007) in the constructing time of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.1. the quantity of sand transported to reinforce plant and
PPMB – PVNT2 .2). Rainfall run thought constructing area would take lubricant. This makes the foundation after sunk will reach nearly to design elevation (2. Activities of transporting construction equipments. In present. suspended solid. bacteria and pathogenic parasites.1-7.Disturb water environment.5m heights. Depending on awareness of the owners when ship mooring. super-weight equipments also disturb water environment of Dong Tranh and Long Tau river. Therefore. . pH value is 6.483m).483m. Rainfall: spilled rainfall may be pollutant for source of water. foundation elevation level is 2..Change local current regime. organic matter. pile staking in plant zone may cause some impacts as below: . increase turbidity. according to designed calculation. Domestic wastewater from camps of construction workers..
From above activities. nutrients. concentration of TSS and COD also increase at vicinity river/canal of project area. because rainfall will sweep away soil. It is estimated that domestic wastewater in this phase is about 1. some impacts on environment are as follows: Causing alum contamination to canal. foundation treatment and . TSS concentration and pollutants in mud of Dong Tranh riverbed. it must have collection system and rainfall drainage for the project area.3 lower than results of 2006 in the same time (pH~7.3 Soil quality Define area of impacted land The area need to remove organic ground for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 16.3m deep and after that the area will be filled up by sand to 3. fill-up process of Nhon Trach 1 power plant made small river/canal is aluminum because water can’t discharge to river. The domestic water is colleted and treatmented before discharge to environment. Domestic wastewater from camps of construction workers and technical cadres will generate a large quantity of wastewater containing sludge.41ha. According to the estimation.RDCPSE
.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Piling for consolidating foundation. sand and lubricant spilling during construction phase. 3. cause activities of the removal of vegetation cover and foundation consolidation in the project area Effect to the quality of river water in the vicinity: all activities of dike construction around the plant. river basin near the project area: the removal of vegetation cover and foundation consolidation can cause alum leakage in rainy season. Besides.500m3. So.1-6.
R discharged canal consolidating foundation = 5.322 Constructing of cooling water Sand to filling up and (D=1. reinforcing the riverbank
PPMB – PVNT2 .9. Problem requiring attention when construction of Nhon Trach 2 power plant needs to build dyke to protect salty and alumina spread out surrounding area. reducing a significant area of agriculture land (47ha). disturb strongly soil component and structure. construction and installation phase will lose the surface organic soil layer. Table 3.volume 1: General interpretation.100 9. However.450 466. Above construction activities will strongly disturb to the soil environment. the project area is in area where is projected for Ong Keo industrial park. Thus.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
port area is 324. Hastening alum leakage process Area of Nhon Trach 1 power plant has phenomenon of salt and alum water contamination causing impact on agricultural activities at local area. activities of waterway means with high capacity will increase the erosion risk at riverbanks. NT2 PP constructed nearby NT1 PP will also contribute increasing alum and salinity contamination at hamlet 3. Besides reinforcing foundation to increase soil aggregating and ensure avoid sinking for constructions.Phuoc Khanh commune. due this area is planned to be industrial park so soil structure changing here is assessed as medium during construction phase.RDCPSE
. so that the project must pay attention to options for preventing erosion. Increasing soil erosion Activities of project in site preparation. 15th August.000 Dredging of organic soil layer Constructing working ground 164. it is necessary to fill up and reinforce the plant foundation to +3. increase the ability of alum leakage and soil erosion. However. gas turbines and storage tanks. Time for filling up and reinforcing the foundation is about 12 months. Area of land lost to build plant facilities and volume of dredged soil and transported sand are shown in Table 3. to increase soil aggregating. 2007 Construction activity Volume (m3) 141.weight equipments such as transformer units.580m.930
324.422 Total Source: Basic design . so the impacts are forecasted before. at the area where installed super. it must be also piled the concrete piles to the definite depth.5m of elevation.380
Change of soil structure
Geological characteristics at the plant area are weak and wetland area so the surface area mostly flooded in the rainy season and high tide. Beside.450m3. changing soil structure.9. ESTIMATED OF LAND LOST AND TRANSPORTING SAND VOLUME FOR BUILDING POWER PLANT FACILITIES
Lost area Construction activity (m2) Reinforcing plant foundation 309.9m) Total 482.
impact level on soil environment is assessed as moderate during construction phase. plastic. However. It is noted that in the rainy season. boat/ship density will increase. engine and waste oil are estimated as very low. presence of large quantity of workers from various regions will disturb the living condition of local population such as living cost increase and conflicts between workers and local population can occur. Local ship activities Interactions of local ship/boat activities are presented in report of Nhon Trach 1 power plant. The management of many constructions at the same time in an industrial group will not avoid different opinions of human resource regulating. if don’t have cooperation between local authorities and don’t comply with drift signal system. Briefly.
PPMB – PVNT2 .3. personnel carrier. the project activities during the site preparation.3. soil structure and enhance alum leakage ability. so constructing activities will impede somewhat activities of local population. So. However. increase collision risk between transporting ships.1. during construction phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. construction and installation phase will lose surface organic soil.RDCPSE 11/2007
3. All of them will be collected and treated by Dong Nai Urban Environmental Company to limit soil pollution.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Soil pollution from solid waste Non-hazardous solid wastes generated during construction and installation phase include: metal. Thus. a lot of complicated problems will generate. the project must mobilize a large staffs and technical workers from other cities and local labour force from different constructors. Hazardous wastes are paints. the land-use purpose of project area is converted from agricultural land to industrial land. the heavy rain may wash out contaminants on surface to water source and the construction in rainy season will be more complicated and the incident risk may be increased at different levels. small amount of other materials from construction phase and used packaging from installation and commissioning process. constructing barge or ships come in and out port. if there is no synchronous co-coordinating between construction units as well as main contractor and sub-contractors. decrease considerably agricultural land area (47ha). cooling water taking and discharging. DO port.2 Operating phase In operation phase of the power plant. Therefore. solvent. main activities can impact on environment are gas turbines operated by natural gas or DO. industrial and domestic wastewater discharging. Beside. transporting of construction material and equipment installation.4 Interactions in the construction phase Regulating between project owner and constructor In order to construct the power plant. 3. change of land-use. welding rods.
because price of the fuel is very expensive compare with currently selling price of power. Load and content of regular emission gases from gas turbines
During operation phase.097 1. SOx.517 594 141
. activities of gas –turbines will to arise emission gas such as NOx. The option is rarely occur and only in shortly time. Use demand of DO for Nhon Trach 2 power plant in case of use 2 gas turbines is 2. heat recovery steam generators (HRSG) and steam turbines. CO and dust.2.
Temperature of discharged emission gases from gas turbine (single cycle) is 594oC after through HRSG and leading to gas turbine (combined cycle) with temperature of discharged emission of 97oC (in case of using natural gas ) and 141oC (in case of using DO). 3.10.34 Combined cycle 51. In case of using DO.10 and table 3. Expected main stack is 60m of high for combined cycle.8 6. Power plant is designed to burn DO and natural gas. Table 3. LOADS AND CONTENT OF REGULAR EMISSION GASES FROM GAS TURBINES AT THE STACK TOP
Parameter Pipeline inside diameter Emission gas flow Emission gas temperature Unit m m3/s o C Gas burning single Combined cycle cycle 6. mainly emission gases are NOx.602 tons/day during 7 days.136 1.8 6.11. CO.8 3. Loads and content of regular emission gases from gas turbines at the top of stack are presented in table 3.5 175 510 420 (250) (250) (600) (600)
PPMB – PVNT2 .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
All above activities may definitely generate air emission. wastewater and solid waste as well as can cause riverbank erosion. which is friendly fuel with environment. DO is stanby fuel in the case of gas source discontinuation. water level changing and affect to the environment in different levels.34 DO burning Single cycle 150 Combined cycle 150 TCVN 7440:2005 Gas burning DO burning Single Combined Single Combined 1 2 cycle cycle1 cycle2 cycle 212. Estimated load and content of emission gases from top of stack NT 2 PP is combined cycle gas turbine one with capacity of 750 MW including two gas turbines. two stacks will be installed behind two turbines to lead to HRSG as below: Bypass stacks is about 35m of high for single cycle.1 Air quality 1.8 3.374 594 97 DO burning single Combined cycle cycle 6.3. therefore project owner should be having mitigation measures to comply with environmental standard. Dust and a litter quantity of SOx because used fuel of power plant is natural gas.11 CONTENT OF EMISSION GASES AT THE STASK TOP
Gas burning Parameter NOx Unit mg/Nm3 Single cycle 51. According to the technical schema.
Before running specific options.57 mg/Nm3 (higher than standard 350 mg/Nm3 for combined cycle and 425 mg/Nm3 for single cycle) So.021 16. emission gases contents at the top of stacks are lower than Vietnamese standards.85 (capacity of plant is 300MW<P<600MW) and region coefficient is Kv=1 (because plant area is in Ong Keo industrial zone).7.000 35 127. concentration of emission gases from stacks are below the allowable standard of industrial emission gas TCVN 7440-2005 and TCVN 5939:2005 (for CO concentration) in case of using gas. This is acknowledged by all over the world and using it to calculate air emission dispersion for discharge sources and area. dispersion and accumulation of air column in a specific area. RDCPSE used the air pollution dispersion model ISCST3 version 3. area. Dinh Co Gas
PPMB – PVNT2 . 2 (PECC2). dust are very low compared with allowable standard.5 (50)
TCVN 7440:2005 210 425 (300) (500) 1. the concentration of SOx in emission gas (in single and combined cycle) at the stack top will is 428. series.25 16. flare.2 using in RDCPSE is American commerce one with high accuracy. the concentration of NOx. In Vietnam. This model researched and developed by USEPA and this model is used to define concentration of pollutants from uninterrupted discharging source.25 16.5 (50) (150)
350 (500) 1.000 105 (150)
Note: The values in () are according to TCVN 7440:2005
TCVN 7440:2005 apply for plant which run single cycle with coefficient Kp = 0. block and open container. this air dispersion modelling has always been tested with specific sample case (same input data running same discharged modelling) to determine modelling accuracy. ISCST3 modelling uses meteorological data for each hour to calculate the raising. According to the calculation of Power Engineering Consulting Company No.25 16. 2 TCVN 7440:2005 apply for plant with capacity is 750MW. Phu My Fertilizer plant & Power plant complex. ISC-ST3 modelling version 3. In particular.57 428.021 0. The modelling will calculate content or accumulation for each discharge source or receive source for each input meteorological data for each hour and average meteorological data for short-term or all of stage. In practical. In case of using DO. this proves that air dispersion modelling has high accuracy.25
DO burning 428. in case of using DO. only concentration of SOx is above the Vietnamese standard and concentration of another emission gases is below allowed standard. it must be used dispersion measure by stack height.000 1. power plant is in Ong Keo industrial zone. This program combined many algorithms from various dispersion model to assess impacts on air quality from multi-sources emission gas. cause region coefficient is Kv = 1. this modelling is used for calculation air emission dispersion for most of key works such as Dung Quat petroleum refinery plant. to treat SOx at stack top. moving.2. CO. In case output result of testing running is in accordance with the sample result.
In case of using natural gas.000 42.RDCPSE 11/2007
. To assess the dispersion ability of emission gas from stacks. so capacity coefficient Kp = 0. Calculating dispersion ability of emission gas As shown above.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
SOx CO Dust
Gas burning 0.57 15 15 15 15
255 (300) 1.
Phu My gas distribution plant.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
treatment plant.136 1.78 150 150 428.097 1. Option 5 (P/A5): Combination of Nhon Trach 1 power plant and Nhon Trach 2 power plant (single cycle and DO burning).34 51. Option 7 (P/A7): Combination of Nhon Trach 1 power plant and Nhon Trach 2 power plant (single cycle and gas burning). Thi Vai LPG Terminal. CM1 Power plant.57 15 15 5 10
Gas burning Single Combined cycle cycle Stack height m 35 60 Stack inside diameter m 6. Table 3.021 0. in the report. Data is observed in each 6 hours continuously from 1/2004 to 12/2006 and calculated for each hour to correspond to model requirement.374 o Emission gases temperature C 594 97 Emission gases velocity m/s 86. Table 3. Dinh Co – BaRia .8 6.83 NOx Concentration mg/Nm3 51.57 428.29 41. 2007
Options of emission gas dispersion model for Nhon Trach 2 power plant Selected options for calculating dispersion ability of air emission in detail are shown below: Option 1 (P/A1): DO burning.13.25 Dust mg/Nm3 5 10 Source: basic design – 1st volume. Ba Ria power plant. September. calculation for capacity is 750MW and includes 2 main stacks (H = 35m)..36 37. Option 4 (P/A4): 100% gas burning.12.8 3. NT1 power plant.13 RESULTS OF EMISSION GASES DISPERSION MODEL
PPMB – PVNT2 . single cycle. RDCPSE used meteorological data in Nha Be observation station in three year 2003-2005 which was supplied by Southern Hydrometeorological station. 2007). Option 3 (P/A3): 100% DO burning. Parameters of input data for the air dispersion model are summarized in table 3.34 SOx Concentration mg/Nm3 0. Option 2 (P/A2): 100% gas burning.021 CO Concentration mg/Nm3 16. combined cycle.. calculation for capacity is 750MW and includes 2 main stacks (H = 60m. Option 8 (P/A8): Combination of Nhon Trach 1 power plant and Nhon Trach 2 power plant (combined cycle and gas burning).8 Emission gases flow Nm3/s 3.RDCPSE
. single cycle.12.517 594 141 85.25 16. calculation for last capacity is 750MW and includes 2 main stacks (H = 60m). The result of air emission dispersion modeling will be assessed basing on TCVN 5937-20055 – maximum allowable concentration of some toxic substances in ambient atmosphere is summarized in tables 3.8 6. calculation for last capacity is 750MW and includes 2 main stacks (H = 35m).
INPUT PARAMETERS OF AIR DISPERSION MODEL
Unit Value Do burning Single cycle Combined cycle 35 60 6. To compare with emission gas modeling results of Nhon Trach 1 power plant (which is approved in April. combined cycle. Option 6 (P/A6): Combination of Nhon Trach 1 power plant and Nhon Trach 2 power plant (combined cycle and DO burning).
93 2000 S-SW 38.55 4060 E-NE
Opt.Distance (m) .31
0.69 4000 E-NE
70.39 2000 0.NW 1.11
CO Concentration (µg/m3) Average 1 hour .Distance (m) .Main dispersion direction Average 24 hours .Distance (m) .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Opt.60 400 NW
0.51 1580 N.96 2000 S-SW 2.2 4000 S 168.25 400 NW
8.53 4000 3.71 4000 S 12.Main dispersion direction Annual average .Distance (m) .40 4060 E-NE
SOx Concentration (µg/m3) Average 1 hour .218 4000 E-NE
0.Distance (m) 1.30 2063 300
PPMB – PVNT2 .2 1580 N.039 3945 W-SW
0.60 4000 S 9.Main dispersion direction
34.63 400 NW
13.Main dispersion direction 15.Distance (m) .NW 5.98 4000 S 95.Main dispersion direction Average 24 hours .0028
12.29 352 NW
204.Distance (m) .96 4000 S 19.NW 12.48 4054 E-NE
4.088 400 ES
0.569 4060 E-NE
0.037 3945 W-SW
0.16 4054 E-NE
2.07 1580 7.Distance (m) .83
0.57 3260 E-NE
0.95 3600 E-NE
6.18 4000 E-NE
0.02 2063 E 30.5
0.Main dispersion direction Annual average .07 4000 6.99 2000 11.00
0.Main dispersion direction Annual average .1
Opt.NW 3.83 2000 N.834 4060 E-NE
Dust Concentration (µg/m3) Average 1 hour .88
28.89 4000 S 75.7
For Nhon Trach 2 power plant Burning raw materials Cycle DO burning Single Combined Gas burning Single Combined
Combination of Nhon Trach 2 power plant and Nhon Trach 1 power plant DO burning Gas burning Single Combined Single Combined
Result NOx Concentration (µg/m3) Average 1 hour .43
2000 N.50 2859 E-NE
0.118 4000 E-NE
0.Distance (m) .8 TCVN 5937:2005
Opt.05 4000 S 26.62 352 E-NE
6.46 400 NW
1.51 400 NW
.028 400 WS
0.Main dispersion direction Average 24 hours .78
0.025 400 WS
0.36 2063 E 200
2.16 352 E-NE
18.57 352 NW
4.35 4000 E-NE
0.58 2000 N.17
1980 N.15 3260 E-NE
2.375 2460 E-NE
11.39 4000 S 40.51 4000 E-NE
1.Distance (m) .20 3600 E-NE
57.Main dispersion direction 1.
Calculating results of above model shows that: For Nhon Trach 2 power plant:
In the case of using DO
Single cycle (Fig. many times lower than the allowable standard of 30.Distance (m) . and CO in 4 choice options is presented in appendix 2.232 4060 E-NE
Dispersion diagram of pollutants such as NOx.NOx ground concentration
1 hour average ground concentration of NOx in case of using DO is three-times higher than in the case of using natural gas but still lower many times compared with allowable ambient concentration in TCVN 5937-2005.RDCPSE
.12 in appendix 2) Following option 1.7
For Nhon Trach 2 power plant Burning raw materials Cycle .5
Opt. SOx.Main dispersion direction DO burning Single S Combined N.000 µg/m3 for 24 hour average.2
.297 4060 E-NE
0.43 3260 E-NE
1.Main dispersion direction Average 24 hours .017 400 WS
Opt.Main dispersion direction Annual average .Distance (m) . 1.NW Gas burning Single S Combined S-SW
Combination of Nhon Trach 2 power plant and Nhon Trach 1 power plant DO burning Gas burning Single Combined N-NW Single Combined E
.09µg/m3 and 9.067 4000 E-NE
0.000µg/m3 for 1 hour average and 10.008 400 WS
0.792 2860 E-NE
0.677 3600 E-NE
PPMB – PVNT2 .1-> Fig.90 4000 E-NE
0.63µg/m3 at the location about 400m from stack base toward the Northwest.308 400 NW
Opt. 24 hours average ground concentration of NOx in case of using DO is 4.CO ground concentration
1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of CO when using DO are 1. many times lower than the allowable standard of 350µg/m3 for 1 hour average and 125µg/m3 for daily average.1
Opt.156 400 NW
Opt.8 TCVN 5937:2005
Opt.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Opt.079 4000 E-NE
0.46µg/m3 (about 4km from stack base toward South direction or 400m from stack base toward Northwest direction).60µg/m3 and 0.SOx ground concentration
1hour and daily average ground concentrations of SOx from 2 bypass stacks in case of using DO is 34.88µg/m3 (about 4km from stack base toward Northwest direction). 1. maximum ground concentration of pollutants dispersed from bypass stack in the power plant running single cycle is summarized as below:
this concentration is still much lower than the allowable standard
In the case of using natural gas:
Single cycle (Fig.60µg/m3 far about 400m from stack toward Southwest direction and lower than allowable ambient concentration in TCVN 5937-2005.
PPMB – PVNT2 . However. dust content is higher than when running by natural gas.12 in appendix 2) When Nhon Trach 1 power plant use DO by combined cycle (opt. The concentrations are many times lower than the allowable standard.Dust concentration:
1-hour average and 24 hours average concentration of dust are 1. 2).58µg/m3 (2km far from stack base toward North – Northwest direction) and 1. In case of using gas.1-> Fig.NOx ground concentration
In case of using gas. 1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of CO are 9. 2.1 -> Fig.RDCPSE
.308µg/m3 400m from stack base toward Northwest direction.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
.39µg/m3 far 4km from stack toward South direction and 1. The concentration lower than allowable ambient concentration in TCVN 59372005 (allowable standard is 350µg/m3).43µg/m3 (2km far from stack base toward North – Northwest direction).60µg/m3 (4km far from stack base toward Northeastern direction). 3. CO concentration: for combined cycle when using DO. Maximum 1hour average ground concentrations of SOx when using DO is 204. 1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of NOx is 5.07µg/m3 about 4km from stack base toward South direction and 0. 1-hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of NOx lower than in case of using DO and many times lower than allowable ambient concentration in TCVN 59372005. the concentration many times lower than the allowable standard (allowable standard is 125µg/m3).51µg/m3 (4km far from stack toward East – Northeastern direction) and lower than allowable ambient concentration in TCVN 59372005.35µg/m3 (about 4km from stack base toward North –Northeastern).83µg/m3 (2km far from stack toward North – Northwest direction) and 13. Concentration of dust: In case of plant running with combined cycle by DO. pollutants disperse from 2 main stacks and result of emission gases dispersion model from 2 main stacks show that: 1-hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of NOx in the option is 95. 2.12 in appendix 2) Maximum average ground concentration of pollutants disperse from bypass in single cycle power plant in option 3 is summarized as below:
. Daily average concentration is 38. 3. Maximum concentration of CO when plant run with combined cycle many times lowers than the allowable standard. Combined cycle (Fig.
1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of CO when using natural gas are 12. worst option is two plants operating combined cycle by DO. pollutants dispersion from 2 main stacks and result of emission gases dispersion model show that: 1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of NOx are 40. In case of combine running for NT 1 PP and NT 2 PP [H.95µg/m3 lower than in case of using DO and allowable ambient air standard in TCVN 5937-2005. This case. 8. Conclusion: Above results of air dispersion modeling shows that in case of single cycle running by DO fuel or natural gas with two bypass stacks of 35m height.SOx ground concentration
1hour and daily average ground concentrations of SOx from 2 bypass stacks in case of using gas are 0.CO ground concentration
1 hour average and 24 hours average ground concentration of CO when using natural gas are 1. NOx.71µg/m3 and 0.6 km from stack base toward East – Northeastern.0028µg/m3 lower than in case of using DO and many times lower than allowable standard in TCVN 5937:2005.02µg/m3 and 0. Combined cycle (Fig. CO and dust are still lower than ambient air quality TCVN 5937:2005.506µg/m3 (about 4km from stack base toward South direction or 400m from stack base toward Northwest direction).12 in appendix 2) Plant run combined cycle with using natural gas (PA4).000µg/m3 for 1 hour average and 10. Detail as follows: average ground concentration in 1 hour and 24 hours are 0. .1 -> Fig.RDCPSE
. Maximum concentration of CO many times lower than allowable standard Dust concentration: In case of combined cycle operation by natural gas.000 µg/m3 for 24 hour average.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
.12]: In case of combine running for NT 1 and NT 2 PP. 4.156 µg/m3 many times lower than allowable standard.1 -> H.002µg/m3 and 0.0007µg/m3 (4km from stack base toward South direction or 400m from stack base toward Northwest direction) and lower than allowable standard of 350µg/m3 for 1-hour average and 125µg/m3 for daily average.Concentration of dust In case of using natural gas. ground dust content 2 times lower than when using DO.
. 24h and annual ground concentration of SOx. CO concentration: For combined cycle when gas burning. 4.53 µg/m3 and 0.96µg/m3 far 2km from stack base toward West – Southwest and 2. CO and dust are lower than allowable Vietnam standard TCVN 5937:2005. NOx. hourly.20µg/m3 far 3. 1hour and daily average ground concentrations of SOx are 0. In case of using natural gas. many times lower than the allowable standard of 30. dust concentration is lower than in case of DO burning and allowable standard.93µg/m3 6. In case of both power plants are
PPMB – PVNT2 .5.
2.Activities of port imported DO. generators and pumps for water supply. sources could impact on water quality includes: . noise will be limited at 85dB at the distance of 1m far and 1. causing stress. In case of no measures for noise reduction inside soundproof covered area.Period dredging at port zone and narrow passage. equipments of NT 2 PP will be designed to limit and decrease noise to meet allowable standard for staffs working in the plant area and for residential area in the vicinity of the plant as below. Thus impacts of noise on residential area will be considered as insignificantly.
Outside of the plant: soundproof walls designed at chambers of gas and steam turbines as well as other noisy equipments will significantly limit noisy to the outside. Noise generated from these sources is continuous.
Impacts of noise
During operating phase of NT2 PP. • Noise in the plant area: in the condition of normal operation of equipments and turbines chambers.Taking and discharging cooling water. supply water pumps will be covered by additional sound-proof.RDCPSE 11/2007
.5m above from noisy equipments. In general. Because the plant locate in the industrial zone. controlling oil and cleaning oil are set in filter chamber. so residential area will be about 2 km far away from plant. noise limit at 115 dB in the distance of 1m from noise equipments (or soundproof cover) and related pipeline. steam turbine. domestic wastewater and rainy water. . noise intensity depends on technology and state of equipments. cooling water.3. Impacts of noise on labor in the plant may be considered as medium during operation phase. 70dB at night-time (18-22h) and 50dB from midnight to the morning (22h-6h)).DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
combined cycle running by DO.2 Impact on water quality When the power plant comes into operation. At plant fence area. . In case of accident at steam exhaust pipe. For the noisy equipments at lower level such as water condense pumps. main source generated noise is from gas turbine. chemicals and auxiliaries equipments.Discharging of industrial wastewater. To reduce noise. 3. headache and could reduce labor productivity. Lubricants. All walls of steam and gas turbines chamber are designed to soundproof and increase absorb ability. . However. worker will be equipped with individual noise protecting equipments. the project will strictly comply with noise standard for industrial plant in residential zone (according to TCVN 5949:1998 – 75 dB at daytime (6h-18h). noise in the plant will effect directly to worker. hourly average ground concentration of SOX is still within allowable limit of TCVN 5937:2005. noisy equipments such as gas turbines and gas pipeline of turbines will be soundproofed in cover. condenses water.
PPMB – PVNT2 .
and cooling water of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is discharged through drainage of 5. 3. Impacts from activities of port imported DO and chemicals Nhon Trach 2 power plant is designed to use DO input port with Nhon Trach 1 power plant.RDCPSE 11/2007
.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
A. Impacts from activities of the port were detail presented in EIA for Nhon Trach 1 power plant.2) such as: . Impact from activities of plant • Impact from taking and discharging cooling water
NT 2 CCPP is located within area of master plan area of Nhon Trach power center. Cooling water will be taken from Dong Tranh river through water taking mouth at the location (Coordinate of X=1176588. Designed cooling water flow for the Nhon Trach 2 combined cycle power plant will is 18m3/s or 64. B. Cooling water of Nhon Trach 1 power plant is discharged through drainage of 2. Y=591387. and Nhon Trach 2 power plant will take 8m3/s for cool (in coordinate of below table and figure 3. so in the EIA for Nhon Trach 02 power plant was not mentioned impacts from activities of DO input port and chemicals on water quality.8800. of 1. Dong Tranh riverbank nearby confluence of Long Tau river. .2 Location of CW intake and discharge 1.8936.2). Coordinate of X=1176588.Location of discharging cooling water: 130.8936. Cooling water is taken from Dong Tranh river and discharged to Long Tau river. According to data of Nhon Trach power plant management board.Intaking cooling water: 149. Y=592068. Coordinate of X=1175750. Nhon Trach 1 power plant will take 12m3/s.0300.8511. Impacts from taking cooling water on water sources of the project area (Dong Tranh river).800m3/h.5m wide.580m of length Locations of taking and discharging cooling water (Figure 3.8511).
Long Tau river
DO port CW discha rge 148 CW
intake water CW
150 151 152
ðong Tranh river
147 130 131 132 133
209 Rich Cai
Fig. of 1.750m of length.9m wide. The distance
PPMB – PVNT2 . Y=592068.
the project will build the water taking mouth deeply under water surface. Impacts from discharging of cooling water to Long Tau river As design. and 4 households who breed industrial shrimp at Ong Keo canal. upside cleaning pump system and other auxiliary system. So. the water temperature here is about 28-29oC in dry season and 28-30oC in rainy season). According to environmental standard for technical wastewater applied for water used for aquatic protection (B section). Heat pollution will cause many variations on aquatic organisms.9 m wide and of 3. maximum flow rate is the incoming one with Qmax 3. The direct discharge of cooling water to environment can cause heat pollution on water environment.750 m3/s. impact level is insignificant. at high tide. the cooling water system will guarantee for cooling demand of steam turbine condenser and other auxiliaries. garbage rake. According to basic design report. temperature of wastewater is not exceeded over 40oC.D Nguyen Tat Dac (appendix 3). Cooling water demand for the Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 18m3/s or 64.RDCPSE 11/2007
. By calculating and measuring the hydrograph of Dong Tranh river at CW in taking position. along left bank of Long Tau river there are 2 households who breed industrial shrimp. This model
PPMB – PVNT2 . According to site survey that RDCPSE carried out on July 9th to 11th.090 m3/s and at low tide is 2. Dong Tranh river is brackish water and it is not used for agricultural irrigation. the water temperature is approximately 36-37oC and flow to Long Tau river through drainage of 1. screening net. the growth of some algae species (for example the green algae develop at 30-35oC and blue algae develop at 35-40oC). After going out of the condenser. the depth is designed in such a way that to guarantee taking enough water required in the most unfavourable condition of river’s tidal regime. Professor Ph. 2007. cooling water discharged after cooling process for equipments will make temperature increase compared to existing temperature of Dong Tranh river water (according to Environmental baseline report. Water here can be used for shrimp feeding but number of households breeding aquatic product is small.000m3/h taking from Dong Tranh river which has 300m wide and > 20m deep and its flow rate is rather large. 2. RDCPSE has used wastewater dispersion modeling established by Assoc. However. so when oil spill incident occurs. it impacts more or less on environment at CW intake location. The cooling water will not take part in technical processing and only used for heat exchanging. To prevent this risk. so that cooling water is classified as clean wastewater (not be polluted or polluted by chemicals) so it is not necessary to be treated before discharging to the environment. Intake cooling water system includes: intake CW mouth. The increasing of water temperature will lead to increase metabolism.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
from taking location to discharging location is > 1 km to avoid thermal hover of heat discharged cooling water.580m length. This impacts on aquatic organisms because blue alga is poor nutrient source.800m3/h and total of Nhon Trach 1&2 is 30m3/s or 108. of 5. In addition.2 m height. In order to assess impact level of heat from cooling water discharged to water environment of Long Tau river. the difference of temperature between input and output of condenser is about 70C. Thus. The CW taking location is near DO port but at upstream of the port. CW intaking quantity of 30m3/s will not cause impacts on water resources at this area.
9m wide.750m length and NT2 PP will discharge to sluice of 5. Binh Châu. Temperature difference of 7oC. Ca Mau gas-power-fertilizer complex. The following data shown below will be used in modeling: Data used for Modeling: (March and April. O Mon power plant (phase I). Calculated result:
PPMB – PVNT2 . flow output water use in 2003. pollution planning for SG-DN-TV.2. And for cooling water dispersion modeling. Ben ða. and Nhon Trach 1 power plant. Phuoc Hoa. Average wind speed is 2m/s and average temperature is 29oC.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
was established in 1980s and has been applied for many projects such as project of salinity intrusion and pollution on Sai Gon – Dong Nai – Thi Vai river system (SG-DN-TV) used for construction Tri An hydroelectricity. Dau Tieng. water use condition of Ho Chi Minh city. Water level (hourly) at Soai Rap river mouth (Vung Tau. Vedan. Cooling water of both the power plant is discharge at 130 point in picture 3. 1. Bien Hoa. it is noted that SG-DN river system affected by tide. Water level at Bien Hoa and Nha Be for modeling adjusting. Dau Tieng. discharging through drainage of 5. so calculation schema is used for whole area as figure in Appendix 3. Cooling water of Nhon Trach 1 power plant will discharge to environment by closed sluice of 2. and same project in Mekong river delta. it has also applied for Phu My Power plant (had compared with results of JICA).5m width. 1. Option 1 (NT2): only Nhon Trach 2 power plant with flow is 18m3/s. temperature difference of cooling water is 7oC. Bien Hoa. meteo-hydrological condition will be calculated accordance with two dry months: March-April of 2003 and referred to data of dry season of 2005. Thu Dau Mot. beside some data of water level and flow output of 2005 in coastal area is also used. Calculated options: Existing option: there are only data of water level.RDCPSE
. Can Tho. 2003 are supposedly exist) Discharged flow-rate (hour) at Tri An. so hydrological and hydraulic condition of 2003 is considered as general existing to compare. Soai Rap. Data of water using till 2020 (for calculating options). ðong Tranh. 1. Option 2 (NT12): cooling water from 2 power plants with flow is 30m3/s. To use forecast data about tonnage and concentration of BOD to 2020. for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 18m3/s and for both Nhon Trach 1 & Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 30m3/s. In the 2 options. water discharge from Tri An. Cai Mep).580m length. Cooling water intake flow-rate (after that discharged completely): for Nhon Trach 1 power plant is 12m3/s.
To unify with calculation of NT 1 PP.9m width. Song Be.580m length.
when flowing to the end of sluice to pour into river.
PPMB – PVNT2 . CW flow discharge of NT2 is haft as one of NT1 and sluice is large and short (width of 5. This modeling is basically similar one of Japanese scientists using to calculate CW discharge of Power plants at Japan. These results are shown in 3. It is noted that.5m width and 1. + Average humidity of 80%.580m length.9m width and 1.8936. Y= 592068.combine Nhon Trach 1&2 PP 6 Temperature at discharge site (0C) 7 Discharged angle (degree) 8 Length of dispersion set (m) Source: Basic design – Volume 1
Modeling calculated for CW discharge is shown in Appendix 3. NT 2 PP discharge to closed sluice of 5.580
Discharged depth (m) Diameter of CW discharged sluice (m) Discharged flow (m3/s) . + Temperature difference is 7oC. current velocity in the closed sluice is large. CW discharge to closed sluice of 2. CW dispersion It is noted that temperature difference of NT2 PP is only 7oC and before discharging to river. Thus. 02 PP & COMBINATION OF NT 1 & 2 POWER PLANTS
No 1 2 3 4 5 Parameter CW intake location (coordinate) CW discharge location (coordinate) Value X= 1176588. above 1m/s (current area of sluice depending on tidal water level of is 610m2.14.Nhon Trach 2 PP . Input data is used for CW dispersion calculation: + CW intake at location 149 on Figure 3. length of 1.750m length. so temperature at the end of sluice of NT1 will be smaller than one of NT 2. before discharging to river. Beside. two discharged sources will be mixed.9m width and 1.8800 0 5.2 (after that discharge completely): 12m3/s for NT 1 and 18m3/s for NT 2. Thus.9 12 18 30 38 0 1.Nhon Trach 1 PP .000m3/s). 30m3/s will be insignificant comparing to tidal flow except as standing tide. Table 3. while CW flow is 12m3/s. temperature difference is insignificant.0300.750m).8511 X= 1175750. INPUT PARAMETER OF CW DISPERSION MODELLING FOR NHON TRACH 01. Difference of current and temperature with algorithm is verified.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Calculated result shows that tidal flow is rather high in dry season (above 5. temperature increase on the river will be lower comparing to the case of CW discharge of NT2 PP. Y= 591387. before discharging to the river.9m. so CW discharge of 12m3/s.580m comparing to width of 2. + Average wind speed is 2m/s and average air temperature is 29oC.580m length and NT 1 PP discharge to closed sluice of 2. 18m3/s respectively).750m length.RDCPSE
. 18m3/s. CW discharge to closed sluice of 5.14.5m width and 1.5m and 1. For NT 1 PP.
55 0.3 CW discharge (0km) 3. so this disadvantage only exists very shortly.05 0.59oC and average one is not exceed 0.03 0.08 0.1 0 3 0 0. however.08oC in case of Nhon trach 2 (NT2) PP operation.14 NT2 0 0 0.07 0.52oC and average one is not exceed 0.
Chlorination of water will be carried out to prevent water plants and mosses adhere to CW intake system.36 0.15 shows that maximum temperature increase is not exceed 0.45 0.07 0.01 0.08 0. however both plants (NT1&2) discharge at the same time (mixing before discharge to the river) is better and maximum heat increase is not exceed 0.09 0. discharged CW was running through rather long sluice.09 0. TSS and pH concentration around discharging site a little bit.04 0.52 0.16 0.31 0.07 0. Increase chlorine. Main reason is large river flow discharge and before discharge to the river. At stand time (reverse current) is at a disadvantage for discharge.01 0.07 0.8 1.18 0.06 0.21 0. Thus.01 0. Conclusion: + Hydraulic regime at CW discharging site is mainly affected by tidal regime from Vung Tau.46 0. Chlorine is added with a ratio that when
PPMB – PVNT2 .1 5.54 0. the CW discharge will also cause some local impacts to Long Tau river environment such as: Cause erosion at discharging site.RDCPSE 11/2007
.04 0.3 8 10.08 0.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Table 3.01 0. Temperature of discharging wastewater of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is higher than of 2 power plants (Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plant).46 0.49 0.59 0.02 0.04 0.24 0.08 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.5 0.07 0. Because flow rate is very large and cooling water before discharging has gone through a rather long sluice.6 Option 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 209 208 147 148 149 150 151 152 NT2 0.05 0.55 0.02 0. CW discharge almost not makes ambient temperature increase.42 0. TEMPERATURE INCREASE OF AREA DUE TO CW DISCHARGE
River name Distance (km) 10 6.14 NT1&2 0. tidal flow rate is rather large. + CW discharge of Nhon Trach 1 power plant with flow rate of 12m3/s and of Nhon Trach 2 power plant with flow rate of 18 m3/s and temperature variation is 7oC almost not affects to river water environment around discharging site.47 0.01 NT1&2 0 0 0.40 0.01
Table 3.07 0.03 0.56 0.03 0.58 0.1 6.15.35 0.6 3. Beside.07oC.
volume 1 August.16 SUMMARIZED SOURCES AND FLOW RATES OF INDUSTRIAL AND DOSMETIC WASTEWATER
Description Value m /day 967 195 30 1.3 49. it is necessary to use acid and NaOH so wastewater will be acidity or alkalinity. and affect to bottom fauna.192 ~1. So. Domestic wastewater: in operation phase. gas compression station and turbines.
Chemical contaminated wastewater: Chemical using process will arise a quantity of wastewater containing chemicals need to be treated.3 8 1. cooling water will be sprayed a sufficient quantity of NaOH to ensure that pH always over or equal 5. workshop. Summarized table of industrial and domestic wastewater sources and flow rate generated from activities in the plant is shown in below table. Oil and lubricants are water pollution sources that if not treated it will create scum on the water surface reducing oxygen exchange between water and the air.02 ppm in discharged pipeline. According to discharging standard of Institute of Hygiene and Public Health. number of staffs working in Nhon Trach 2 power plant is about 152 people. daily volume of domestic wastewater of
PPMB – PVNT2 . • Chemical wastewater from boiler discharge activities and demineralization treatment facilities. its remaining concentration will be under 0. although pH. 15th. With this concentration chlorine won’t make any significantly impact at discharging site. turbine area. HRSG and other auxiliaries area.5.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
discharging. 2007 GPMB Nhon Trach-TP
m3/hour 40. In case of pH in Dong Tranh river is acidified (in rainy season). electric equipments (mainly is transformer). • Impacts of industrial wastewater discharge to Dong Tranh river
Operation of power plant will arise 2 wastewater sources: regular and irregular. In recycling process of ion exchanging resins. oil tanker system. garage. Table 3. TSS and temperature are different to outside environment but it still has no significant impact on Long Tau river water quality. Regularly wastewater includes the following wastewater types: • Oily wastewater at oil tanker. oil which has big molecular weight adhered to suspended solid in water column and settled down to the riverbed. Except TSS concentration can be increased to 15-20% but it is still under or equal TSS concentration of Long Tau river (due to deposition process of suspended solid in sluice and pump pit). Oily water: raised from HRSG floor.RDCPSE 11/2007
1. This wastewater if not be treated will change the properties of receiving water area and affect to aquatic life at discharging site. In other hand. • Domestic wastewater.200
Water polluted by chemicals Oily water Domestic wastewater (in 24hours) Total wastewater at neutralized tank Designed capacity of wastewater treatment system Source: Basic design.
sources included treated domestic wastewater are about
Treated wastewater met environmental standard TCVN 5945-2005 – with BOD concentration of 35 mg/l in domestic and industrial wastewater . Wastewater is treated to meet the discharge standard of industrial wastewater (TCVN 5945-2005) before discharge to river. Irregular wastewater
Irregular wastewater arises from these following sources: Boiler cleaning water: raised during boiler overhauling.6 mg/l in the project area).1-1. so volume of domestic wastewater of plant is about 30m3. Background BOD in the project area is 3 mg/l (Result of Baseline Environmental Report shows that BOD is 1. RDCPSE used the wastewater dispersion modeling established by Ass.200m3/day. Professor PhD Nguyen Tat Dac. which use for aquatic protection (column B) of MONRE and TCVN 6772-2000 for domestic wastewater. Impact level To assess impact level of discharging treated wastewater of the Nhon Trach 2 power plant. The presence of high organic substances leads to reducing oxygen concentration in water causing effects to aquatic living and self-purification ability of the river.34 mg/l).
2. input data include: Water of Dong Tranh river is considered clean with basic BOD is about 3 mg/l (result of rainy season in 2007 is 2. there will be less of sediment.25-2. treated wastewater will be take to general wastewater container and connect to general discharging system and discharge to Dong Tranh river (near DO unloading jetty). quantity of boiler cleaning water is about 200m3/time/boiler and continuously discharges within 10 hours.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
person is about 200litters/ person/ day. Frequently total of discharging is about Q = 1.
PPMB – PVNT2 . air compartment of boiler will be cleaned by water. Therefore. Overhauling frequent of boiler is about 4-5years/time.
To assess impact of discharging industrial wastewater of both Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plant by the pollution organic dispersion modeling on Dong Tranh river. Specific characteristics of discharging are summarized as follows: Wastewater 58m3/hour. Rainy water: is directly discharged through drainage system of the plant. acid or other chemicals to reject sediment. Organic pollution level in water sources is indicated through BOD and DO. designed capacity for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is about 58m3/h (include max discharging coefficient and infrequently discharging system). In case of natural gas or distilling oil using. After that.RDCPSE
. Wastewater treatment system will be presented in section 4 – mitigation measure.
34 3.68 3.18 show that:
PPMB – PVNT2 .016m3/s Discharging mode: horizontal discharge through sluice nearby riverbank.29 3.33 3.5 3.1 132 6.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Treating industrial wastewater to get TCVN.3 3.74 3.88 3.35 3.35 3.31 3.35 3.400 0 2. Discharging flow is 58m3/hour ~ 0. there are 2 options chosen: Option 1: for Nhon Trach 2 power plant Option 2: coordination of 2 power plants: Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plants. Calculation results of domestic and industrial wastewater dispersion modeling are presented in the following table:
Table 3.1 149 Tranh 5.36 3.31 3.65 3.34 3.31 3.33 3.32
Existing 4.57 3.68 3.
Input parameters for calculated modeling are summarized in table 3.68 3.68 3.29 3.31
Note: 0 km is considered at CW discharging site at confluence of Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers.32 3. which is considered low pollution with discharging BOD.68 3.32 3.68 3.7.3 3.57 3.28 3.57 3.57 3.5
NT12 4.34 3.08 3.35 3.35 3. is about 35mg/l.8 148 Dong 1. Table 3.35 3.32 3.3 150 8 151 10.36 3.35 3.35 3.RDCPSE
The calculated results of modeling in table 3.68 3.36 3.57 3.35 3.88 3.24 3.68 3.68 3.5
Existing 3.33 3.6 128 3.68 3.51 3.24 3.34 3.57 3.5 3.5 BOD average NT2 3.33 3.31 3.32 3.67 3.6 152 River name Distance (km) Max BOD NT2 4.74 3.08 3.31
NT12 3.68 3.24 3.17 INPUT PARAMETERS OF WASTEWATER DISPERSION MODELLING FOR NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
Parameters Discharging sluice diameter Discharging angle Domestic and industrial wastewater flow rate BOD after treatment.88 3.36 3.35 3.31 3.08 3.57 3.1b 10 127 6.68 3.042 35 03
To operate the wastewater dispersion modeling and choose discharging site for industrial wastewater. met B class of TCVN 5945-2005 Background BOD of the project area Unit mm
m /day mg/l mg/l
Value 2.3 129 Long Dischargi 130 Tau ng 131 location 3.65 3.18 RESULT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER DISPERSION MODELLING
Locati on: H.74 3.68 3.57 3.68 3.1 133 0 209 Rach Cai 3 208 0 147 0.68 3.31 3.31 3.68 3.57 3.35 3.65 3.
can cause pollution underground water. It is noted that oil spill risk occurs when pumping from ship to tankers. NaOH.3. The chemical spills on soil surface. Although the plant ground is concreted. etc.620ton/day in case of combined cycle and about 1. Al2(SO4)3. FeSO4. it will also pollute the soil environment. and significantly pollute the run-off rainy water.Industrial solid waste: includes packaging.) are made in Vietnam and transported from Ho Chi Minh city.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The changing of max BOD and average BOD of both first option and second option is insignificant. Reserve DO will be stored in two tankers (2x8000m3) made of steel with stable roofed. but when leakage the strong acid or alkaline. so the impact is considered as small or insignificant. Most of chemicals (H2SO4. Due to flow rate on Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers are quite large while flow rate of Industrial and domestic wastewater is very small and BOD concentration after treatment is not high (BOD = 35 mg/l) so in basically. NaCl. oily cloths and a little lubricant and chemicals utilization generated from normal operation and maintenance of the plant. Na2CO3. In case of gas source interruption. Regular using of strong acid or caustic soda as well as storing a large quantity of chemicals in the plant area may lead to leakage and spilling because of worker fault or mistakes as using chemicals. if not have suitable preventing and collecting. wastewater from the power plant will not pollute this river basin. These tankers are located within safety dike. HCl.
3.301 ton/day in case of single cycle).3 Impacts on groundwater quality
• Impact from DO and chemical storage
The Nhon Trach 2 power plant as other power plants must have a large quantity of chemicals for operation and overhauling and maintenance process with an enough quantity to use in 12 months. The Nhon Trach 2 power plant power plant similar to Nhon Trach 1 power plant will use some main common inorganic chemicals belonging to list of toxic or non-toxic substances. supplied DO quantity must be enough to operate for 7 days operation (about 2. • Impacts from solid waste
Activities of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will arise considerable solid wastes from below activities: . because the plant is very close to transporting rivers/canals so the risk of environment pollution will be higher.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Na2SO3.2. designed according to TCVN 5307-2002 – petroleum and petroleum-products warehouse.RDCPSE
. Chlohydric acid (HCl) stored in the plant is about 300m3 and others are about 500m3.
Treatment methods for domestic solid waste mainly are collecting to stipulated site and contract with Urban Environmental Hygiene Company to transport to central treatment site. glass bottle.3. 2. Main environmental impacts from one of two above mentioned options as follows: . However. An increase density of ships in the project area will increase ship collision risk. total staffs working in Nhon Trach 2 power plant are about 150 people.Disturb the soil environment at the project area. Domestic solid waste includes organic waste. paper. Therefore. not yet detail plan for decommissioning phase (about 30 years). carton. water environment disturbance and can obstruct activities of local people.RDCPSE
. soil and water environment.85 kg/people/day and solid waste from food is about 0. Wholly moving: all the equipments will be dismantled and moved. some others can be preserved to recycle for different purpose. .4 Mutual interaction Operation of ships coming in and out the project area will make interactions with passenger and transportation ships on the river. Domestic solid waste is estimated about 0. waste from public area. Air quality Decommission process of heat and electric mechanism equipment. Domestic waste: In operation phase.It may obstruct waterway and road transportation activities in the decommission area and on transportation line. In general.3. Partly moving: only some equipment will be dismantled and moved.).
3. and solid wastes during dismantling process. gas supply pipeline system and utilities will generate a considerable quantity of residual hydrocarbon and chemical fume in the equipment units and dust will pollute the air environment. liquid. 3. Main content is package (plastic.Discharge air. . etc. it causes pollution on air. canteen.58 kg/people/day.
PPMB – PVNT2 . quantity of domestic solid waste in the plant is about 200 kg/day. environmental impact in this phase is similar to the one in the construction/commission phases but it occurs in a short time and its impact is smaller. So. the decommission activities only occur in a short time (approximate 6 months) so the environment impact is considered as temporary moderate level.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Sludge from wastewater treatment system: include sludge from wastewater treatment system. Waste oil sludge: from oil separating system. metal box.3 Decommission phase In the time establish of the EIA.2. impacts during decommission phase are qualitative and according one of two options below: 1.
the impact level is considered as from minor to major depending on the leaked fuel volume.19. Leakage of strong acid or alkaline chemicals will cause suddendly reduction or increment of pH of the water column.53
0. In case of fuel oil leakage to water environment. fuel storage tanks can leak chemicals and other pollutants into the adjacent river (Long Tau and Dong Tranh rivers).086
PPMB – PVNT2 . Table 3.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Water quality The decomission process of equipment units and chemical. Erosion Cultivated area decrease Cultivated area decrease ha ha Small Medium 47. If not well managed. that will pollute the soil due to leakage or spillage. Soil Quality Some wastes will be remained after decommission. Site Preparing – CW channel construction Facilities in construction and installation phase Facilities in construction and installation phase Facilities in construction and installation phase Person/ Atmosphere Agricultural land Soil Agricultural land Dust Cultivated area decrease Depression.RDCPSE
. domestic waste generated in this phase may cause pollution on water environment due to increasing of organic matter content. it can cause long-term pollution for the soil environment because of metal erosion and decomposition
21. it will pollute the soil from minor to major level in the project area. In case of removing and dismantling the fuel and acid/alkaline storage tanks.19 MATRIX SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS DUE TO IMPLEMENTATION OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
Environmental impact Code Environmental sources Receiving environment Pollutant/ concern problem Unit Normal condition Quantitative Impact level Emergency condition Quantitative Impact
CONSTRUCTION/INSTALLATION AND COMISSIONPHASE DAC-1 DAC-2 DAC-3 DAC-4 DAC-5 DAC-6 Site Preparing Clearing Site Preparing Clearing Site Preparing Clearing Site Preparing – plant base consolidation. If the fuel supply pipeline is maintained.31 Small – Medium 30.322
5.9 4 4 4 4 n/a n/a n/a n/a
9. Furthermore.4 Summary of Environmental impacts
Summary of Environmental impacts by matrix is presented in Table 3.
Soil disturb Noise Organic matter. alum leakage.34
DAC-18 DAC-19 DAC-20 DAC-21 DAC-22 DAC-23
DAC-10 DAC-11 DAC-12 DAC-13
0. coliform land pollution Change land structure.16
428.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Emergency condition Quantitative Impact
Environmental impact Code Environmental sources Facilities in construction and installation phase Facilities in construction and installation phase Commission & testing with DO-single cycle Commission & testing with DO-single cycle Commission & testing with DO-combined cycle Commission & testing with DO-combined cycle Commission & testing with natural gas single cycle Commission & testing with natural gas single cycle Commission & testing with natural gas – combined cycle Commission & testing with natural gas – combined cycle Mine detect Mine detect discharge domestic wastewater discharge solid waste Plant Construction of river/canal of Soil Receiving environment Pollutant/ concern problem NOx Unit
Normal condition Quantitative Impact level
107.34 2 n/a
428.31 Small – Medium
4 4 8 8
n/a n/a n/a n/a
OPERATION PHASE DAO-1 DAO-2 DAO-3 Turbine burning Natural gas Turbine burning Natural gas Turbine burning Natural gas by Air NOx mg/Nm3 51.021
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
DECOMISSION PHASE DATD-1 DATD-2 DATD-3 DATD-4 Decommission activities Decommission activities Decommission activities Fuel oil leakage incident Soil Air Water/aquatic life Water/Soil Disturb soil environment Organicchemical fume Organic matter. Pollutant Organic matter. chlorine at discharge site Heat impact Oil content.16
IMPACT ON SOCIO ECONOMIC DASO1 Emigration and resettlement Inhabitants Life disturbance Household 14 n/a
PPMB – PVNT2 . Bacteria Oil.57 15 10 Not effect Insignificant Insignificant 8 40.RDCPSE
. TSS pH. pollutant Organic matter.TSS oil Medium Small Insignificant 4 4 2 N/a n/a n/a n/a small to big 4.3 30 200 Insignificant Small 200 Insignificant Small
n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Medium Medium n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Medium n/a 8 8 8
Cooling water Discharge Cooling water Discharge oily wastewater oily wastewater Domestic wastewater Solid waste Sludge from wastewater treatment Oil sludge discharge Domestic waste Fire fighting water Equipment maintenance activities Incidents occur in fuel pump process.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Emergency condition Quantitative Impact
Environmental impact Code Environmental sources Turbine burning by Natural gas Turbine burning by DO Turbine burning by DO Turbine burning by DO Turbine burning by DO Cooling intake water Receiving environment Air Air Air Air Air Water Water Aquatic life Water/Aquatic life Water Water Soil/underground water Soil Soil Soil Soil/Water Water/Soil Mangrove forest at Can Gio/ Ong Keo canal Pollutant/ concern problem Dust (ash) NOx ( water injection) SOx CO Dust (ash) Hydrological regime ToC. TSS. oil n/a kg/day m3/h m3/h m3/day kg/day Unit
Normal condition Quantitative Impact level 2 4 2 2 2 0 4 8 4 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2
DAO-4 DAO-5 DAO-6 DAO-7 DAO-8 DAO-9 DAO-10 DAO-11 DAO-12 DAO-13 DAO-14 DAO-15 DAO-16 DAO-17 DAO-18 DAO-19 DAO-20 DAO-21
mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3 mg/Nm3
5 150 428. ship collision
Chemical. TSS. bacteria Discharged oil Organic matterBacteria Chemical Chemical.
area and ordinal number Project Construction/ installation/ commission phase Operation phase Socio-economic impacts Not application
Environmental effect scale as above-mentioned will be identified on following basics: Impact score 20 Nature and scale of impact or effect Severe environmental effect: Change in ecosystem or activity leading to long-term damage (i. likely effect on human health. Major environmental effect: Change in ecosystem or activity over a wide area leading damage at medium level (lasting for over 2 years) but with the likelihood of recovery within 10 years. long-term loss or change to users or public finance.31
Waterway transportation Economic
Small – Medium Positive
Person/Property Person/Property/ natural resources
Note: . income Social pressure & disease Change landuse purpose Health of resident & labour Discharge of emission gas. lasting for 10 years and over) with poor potential for recovery to a normal state.DA: -C -O . financial loss to users or public. resettlement Create job Training.RDCPSE
PPMB – PVNT2 . likely effect on human health.SO . noise. phase.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Emergency condition Quantitative Impact
Environmental impact Code Environmental sources Receiving environment Inhabitants Pollutant/ concern problem Compensation.n/a
: : : : : :
Including project code. vibration Boat density increasing GDP Effect to public heath/natural resources Effect to public heath/natural resources n/a ha Unit
Normal condition Quantitative Impact level -50
DASO2 DASO3 DASO4 DASO5 DASO6 DASO7 DASO8 DASO9 DASO10 DASO11 DA
Emigration and resettlement Construction phase Operation phase – Labour Immigration Construction activities Construction activities Activities of construction facilities Boat/barge activities Industrial development Fire & explosion incident Oil spill incident
Household Number of people Number of people
Beneficial environmental effect: Likely to cause some enhancement to ecosystem or activity within existing structure. ash and particles accumulated fall down make house and facilities dirty and reduce visibility. CO. may cause a nuisance to some users. Negligible environmental effect: Changes. Discharging occurs continuously. CO2. pollutants will accumulate and cause effect to environment: CO2 causes greenhouse effect. Minor environmental effect: Changes. Activities of boat/barges transported DO at the port area will discharge a small quantity of emission gas such as CO. flora ecosystem in neighboring area (especially in Can Gio biosphere reserve area). In emergency cases must use standby fuel DO (pursuant to oil specimen of ASTM D 2880 No. development of power plant complexes at this area together with nearby Hiep Phuoc power plant will make problem of air emission discharge become more important. NOx.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Moderate environmental effect: Change in ecosystem or activity in a localized area for a short time. emission from turbines still contains a small quantity of NOx. These effects may not be imperative but it wills long-term effect to fauna.RDCPSE 11/2007
. regularly. potential effect on health but unlikely. CO2.2 or equivalent quality oil). No environmental effect: No interaction and hence no change expected. Otherwise. In this case. which are unlikely to be noticed or measurable against background activities. NOx and CO cause photochemical phenomenon and hole the ozone layer. may affect behavior but not a nuisance to users or public.5
Remaining impacts are understood as ones still remained after mitigating measures were applied to prevent and mitigate them and so those impacts may cause long-term effects.
3. When natural gas is not enough for supply. these plants in this area must use DO then self-purification ability of environment will be affected. which is within scope of existing variability but can be monitored and/or noticed. DO quantity using for the power plant will be imported through DO port. SOx sediment cause acid rain. will benefit local population in terms of health or standard of living and/or economics. ash (within allowable limit to discharge to atmosphere) when using natural gas. in air emission will have additional SOx and NOx content increasing. with good recovery potential. NOx added hydrocarbon evaporated during load/unloading process that also effect to air environment in
PPMB – PVNT2 . SO2. negligible effects in terms of health or standards of living. similar scale of effect to existing variability but may have cumulative implications. However. Air quality During the power plant project implementation. mitigation measures (are presented in section 5) will be carried out to guarantee the emission gas sources must be met discharge standard.
Water quality All kinds of wastewater from the power plant activities will be treated at wastewater treatment facilities in the plant. to reduce noise impact.subsidence. but small leakages cannot also be avoided. discharge process of wastewater lasting continuously in many years will cause accumulation impact. Soil quality Due to characteristic of upper layer at the project area is soil with big hollow. Noise Noise exceeded the allowance limit will reduce hearing ability of workers in the plant and inhabitants living in the vicinity. The treated wastewater must meet the discharges standard of TCVN 6984-2001 and 5945-2005 and after that discharged to Dong Tranh river.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
this area. Piling will make soil compressed and soil structure will be changed gradually. so risk of soil pollution
PPMB – PVNT2 . increase pollutants of Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers. In addition. if incidents and leakage occurs (very rarely) and waste management poorly works. DO consumption quantity will be very limitative used because its cost price is high and its longevity diminished as well as environmental problems as using DO. Furthermore. Thermal radiation Turbines. Thermal radiation will cause effects to workers if they must work in this condition during a long-time. workers working at high noisy area must be equipped hearing protectors. after long time. Thus. whole of the plant ground is piled in a concrete down to given depth. However. activities of ships coming in or out of the port also spill DO fuel to the river. creates thermal radiation. So. to guarantee anti. sewerage water overflowing (only in drainage system). However. heated facilities and boilers usually work at high temperature. During the operation phase. accumulation impacts affected to hearing ability will be insignificant if workers obey the safety regulations during operation process. especially at areas installed super-weight facilities such as turbines. there will be more discharged sources from other plants in the Ong Keo industrial area discharged to this area in the future. accumulation impacts to water quality of the river will increase gradually by time. However. so number of ships mooring to DO port for import oil will be limited. In addition. oil content in water column of Long Tau and Dong Tranh river. high compression and subsidence. However.RDCPSE
. especially at the port area will impact on aquatic ecosystem. impact on soil quality is insignificant. Warning signals will be located at the high noisy areas. noise and vibration generated from operation process of facilities in the plant will effect to workers more than inhabitants living outside of the plant. In general. Prevention measures for DO spill in load/unloading process of DO at the port will be applied adequately. increasing air temperature at local area where these facilities are laid.
this heat quantity is within allowance limit. But. Furthermore.RDCPSE
. Evaluation on methods used in the preparation of EIA report In EIA of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. High ship density concurrently makes to raise risk of ship/boat collision and spillage of raw materials. used methods were used for Nhon Trach 1 power plant and the methods include:
PPMB – PVNT2 . catch and culture occur only in a small scale. authorities and local inhabitants. these problems will be stabilized by suitable management measures. Normal operations activities of the plant will make animals living around the project area immigrate to other habitats and finally it will reduce fauna diversity at this area. cause obstruct growth of these trees. complicate security situation of the area …etc. but in a long-time it will cause heat effect to tree species growing near the plant. However. During the operation process of the power plant. as well as effective coordinate with project’s management board. Wastewater and wastes generated from ship activities discharged to the river will adverse impact on aquatic environment if not carefully manage. To raise ship density on Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers will to effect to fish catching area of local fishermen. impact scope is only limited within Ong Keo industrial area.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
from spill of hydrocarbon or chemicals and environmental restoration is very difficult.
Impact on socio-economic
With Nhon Trach 1 power plant. plant’s management board. activities such as air emission discharge. Fishery and aquaculture do not develop at this area. which make environmental contamination and impact on aquaculture. Impacts from constructions of Nhon Trach 1 power plant and Nhon Trach 2 power plant will to contribute to change of local political economic. ship activities on the river will disturb habitat of aquatic organisms. However. gas burning will generate a heat quantity to the air. 3. urbanized process occurred will create several socio-problems such as concentration of inhabitants and workers emigrated from other area.
Impact on the fishery and aquaculture
At the area. Main impacts of Nhon Trach 2 power plant are activities of DO transporting ships for Nhon Trach 1 and Nhon Trach 2 power plant. Impact on ecological system Construction of the power plant and categories of concerned works change the entire ecosystem of this area and change the rural area into industrial area. foundation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will to push economic development of the southern area in general and local area in particular. Although.6. Dust generated during the transportation process of raw materials for the plant will obstruct photosynthesis process. This will cause difficulties for management and changing life-style of inhabitants.
This is also used for Tri An Hydroelectric construction.
4. soil. This model is established and developed by United State of Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and is accredited by international organizations to use a calculating and forecasting tool of impacts to ambient air quality by industrial air emission. sediment. Ca Mau Gas-Power-Fertilizer complexes. soil. Statistical method: is use to treat the environmental analytical data. sediment and biology samples) at the project area. O Mon Power plant (phase 1). Model method: is use to calculate and stimulate the air emission processes. Confident level of these methods can quantitative evaluate during project implementation process. Moreover. Bien Hoa.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
2. the authorities. water. pollution planning for DN-SG-TV system. measure on site and analyse at the laboratories (air. Social investigation method: is used to interview departments and local residents at the project area. Cooling water dispersion is also used for Phu My Power plant (compared to the result of JICA).2 is used to assess the level of air dispersion in operational process of Nhon Trach power plant. Some mathematic models are used for preparing this report including: Air dispersion modeling ISCST3. the wastewater and the thermal dispersion caused by project activities.
5. and the meteo-hydrological and socio-economic data.RDCPSE
. water. This is SALBOD modeling established by Associate Professor Nguyen Tat Dac in 1980s and is applied for salinity and pollution projects on Sai Gon-Dong Nai-Thi Vai river system (DN-SG-TV). take the photographs and interview in the field trips for colleting the existing environmental and socio-economic situation. Vedan plant. and biology on the basis of comparison with current Vietnamese and International environmental standards. Field survey and measurement method: is used to take samples. Wastewater dispersion modeling is used to calculate and to stimulate the organic wastewater dispersion and thermal dispersion process on the river/canal system affected by the tides under different uses. Phuoc Hoa and Mekong river delta. 3. this method is used to survey vegetation cover.
Above methods are used in order to quantify environmental characteristics of the project area as well as forecast impacts of air emission.
Comparative method: is used to evaluate environmental quality of air. wastewater and cooling water discharged to receiving environment.
PPMB – PVNT2 .version 3.
1 The Power Plant Construction Area 4.1 MITIGATION MEASURES DURING THE CONSTRUCTION.1. installation and commissioning phases of Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant are proposed as follow: 4. Therefore.1.1 Soil quality As mentioned above. there are some households still living around the project area. 4. management processing and/or operational reality of the plant complex. the project implementation will also cause some negative impacts on the environment as well as disturb the regular life of local people who directly relate to the project. The project implementation will solve difficulties on energy in this period and then it will bring positive impacts for economic development. Moreover. In order to ensure the project execution process as well as mitigate impacts on production activities of local residents. mitigation measures applied for environmental impacts arising from the construction and operation of Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant will be proposed in this section. INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING PHASE
The mitigation measures for environmental impacts arising from construction. Beside.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
4. ENVIRONMENTAL INCIDENTS PREVENTION & RESPONSE
As Nhon Trach 1 power plant (PP). the main purposes of
PPMB – PVNT2 .1.RDCPSE 11/2007
. because this is the important work. The following measures are mentioned based on the project phases and the environmental impacts need to be limited. therefore the implementation of the plant is separately and asynchronous carried out with other projects in Ong Keo industrial zone as well as the filling up activities for whole Keo industrial zone. due to the plant II located next to the plant I so that there are some of progressive impacts. Nhon Trach 2 PP is also the key national work. these measures are based on improving readjusting the technology. In order to ensure the clean environment as well as implement the sustainable development.
MITIGATION MEASURES FOR NEGATIVE IMPACTS. So.
A4. The main mitigation measures are applied for the construction area including:
A1. CO2 and VOC from vehicles and construction equipments. SO2.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
mitigation measures on soil quality impacts in construction area and its vicinity are: Prevent soil erosion and depression.
4. the disposal sources affected on air quality will be generated from the following main sources: . Prevent soil pollution from filling up activities and fuel assembling zone. A5.. need to install the automatic valves in order to control the fuel flow-rate. During sand pumping. Collect hazardous wastes such as paints.RDCPSE
. filling up and loading for foundation consolidation. oil filter end. piling activities. wastes oil. and store in the special safety tanks which are marked clearly prior to transfer to the disposal landfill stipulated by Dong Nai Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DoNRE). Anti-absorbent material will be laid on bottom of tanks to prevent pollution for soil in case of oil releasing.Noise generated from construction equipments. etc. it must avoid causing salinity contamination by salt-water released from sand to leak to neighboring area. Therefore. The removed organic soil layer must be discharged at suitable places. Therefore. the main purpose of this section to propose the mitigation measures to minimise above disposal sources. engine oil. but it must be ensure for safety for the gas supplied pipeline system.Dust. To implement objectives as above mentioned.1.
A2. during these works implementation need to construct the surrounding temporary dyke and drainage system to collect almost of salted. alum water leaking from sand and pump out to the river to avoid salted and alum pollution for surrounding area. project owner must implement mitigation measures as follows:
PPMB – PVNT2 .2 Air quality As mentioned in chapter 3. Reduce impact of solid wastes. solves. It is necessary to equip dustbins at working place and contract with Dong Nai Sanitary urban company for daily collecting non-hazardous solid wastes and transport to landfill stipulated by Dong Nai province. plants in Ong Keo industrial zone as well as cause the local drainage system obstructed or filling up the dispersed area to serve for agricultural production. A6. . welding rods.1. A3. in this phase. Rehabilitate the environment as well as reduce erode the riverbank along the plant by planting green belt around the plant at least 15% of the area. avoiding uncontrolled discharge that will obstruct for the transportation of vehicles of factories. During oil un/loading pump.
etc. following mitigation measures are proposed and must be strictly applied during construction. A9.25%) for engines of vehicle. Arrange a proper working time for transporting vehicles to minimize the emission and dust. especially as going through the residential area or at the rest time. equipment in order to minimize dust and scattered materials as well as spraying water for washing wheels to minimize dust dispersion. painting. The main purpose of this section is to propose mitigation measures for water quality impacts in the surrounding area of the plant and focus on two main objectives as following: Minimize pollution on underground water source at the project area and its vicinity Minimize impacts on river/canal water quality around the project area. Define by regulations the suitable speed for all vehicles (< 30 km/h) to minimize the noise. limit construction and transportation of the materials on the traffic route at rush hours. It is necessary to monitor strictly all activities of sub-constructors. Arrange a proper working time. avoid working in the rest time of the local people. constructing site.1.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
.3 Water quality During the filling up activities for the Nhon Trach 2 will cause effect on water quality in the project area and its vicinity. undertaken some auxiliary measures such as: spraying water on the sand road sections. classified and recycled.Solid waste arising in this phase will be collected. 4. transportation means and installation equipment to minimize SOx discharged in to ambient environment. Maintain regularly vehicles and construction equipments to minimize noise. supply the suitable personal safety devices for employees such as caps. and at the same time. masks. to prevent from respiratory diseases for workers. Request construction contractors and other relative sub-contractors do not use any equipment.
A8. Using cover material on transportation means to transport construction material.1. especially the area nearby the residential areas. clothes. Encourage sub-contractors transport construction materials to the working place by barges to reduce dust and exhausts to the environment. storage area. which not meet the register standard (TCVN 5947:1996 – for transport by land) and must regular observe these requirements. Well ventilate for the working areas that generate dust and exhausted smoke such as welding. A15. vibration and exhausted gases. A14.
To conduct the above purposes. Encourage the contractor use the low sulfur (≤ 0. A13. A11.
A10. installation and commissioning phase:
PPMB – PVNT2 . A12. avoid burning solid waste at site in order to prevent air pollution. equipment assembling area and the road crossing to the residential area (especially in dry season).
to minimize the risk in fuel. Therefore. some mitigation measures during the construction. management board of Ong Keo industrial zone to establish the plan to ensure safety for the transportation of construction materials. At camps of workers. and collected documents from management board of Ong Keo industrial zone show that. Due to supplying for the both plant. it must construct the water closet and collecting system of domestic wastewater for treating as Vietnam standard before discharging into the environment. Long Tau river which almost have internal port (see figure 2. installation phase are proposed as follows: B1. A17. Hydrotesting by each phase (reuse and recycle) to limit wastewater discharging into the environment. During dredging process of temporary port. avoid ship collision accidents leading to chemical.
PPMB – PVNT2 . chemical handling activities and other adverse impacts on the environment. In case of using chemicals. During construction phase of Nhon Trach 2 power plant.
A20. Set dustbins around the working place to collect all of solid wastes. using dredging and piling equipments with suitable capacity to minimize the dispersion of sediment or minimize the disturbance of river bed as well as turbid area of surface water. the project management board shall cooperate with local waterway policeman. equipment. so the ship/barge density in the project area is so high. During removal process of surface organic layer and sand pumping for site filling up. Due to DO port operated irregularly so it is necessary to cooperate with management board of the NT1 power plant to arrange the passage and time for ships anchoring at the DO port to minimize ship collision. Build the embankment around the fuel storage tanks for construction equipment in order to avoid the fuel leakage and spillage into around river/canal to protect pollution for underground and surface water . which was carried out by RDCPSE on dated from 9 to 11 July 2007. thus the quantity of ship anchoring at the DO port will significantly increase so that need to consolidate the edge and jetty to reduce riverbank erosion. must use ones in the list of allowable chemicals and non-toxic or low toxic ones if possible and hydrotesting wastewater containing chemicals must be treated before discharging into the environment. do not discharge solid wastes into rivers/canals around the project area. A19.
A18. A21.5).2 DO port area According to the survey results of existing environment of the project area and its vicinity.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
A16.1. These tanks must be located on anti-absorbent -floor and covered by dyke. Thus.RDCPSE 11/2007
. Chemical has to be stored in the double anti-sorbent hull tanks and located in roofed house or specially tanks. B2. these factories have been set up. oil spills that cause effect on the surrounding surface water quality of the project area. almost of factories in Ong Keo industrial zone located along Dong Tranh. A22. it is necessary to build the temporary embankment around the site to limit the release of alum into surrounding river/canal system as well as salted water into the trenches inside Ong Keo dyke area. 4.
C5. Enhance the inspection and monitoring at the site to verify quickly scope and pollution scale of wastes arising from the pipeline installation activities in order to prevent timely the disposal source. C3. C2.RDCPSE
. engine oil.1. C4. Mitigation measures are: C1. B4.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
B3.1. main purposes of mitigating measures on socio-economic impacts are: Ensure security for the area. Select the advanced technical solution to minimize the construction time as well as avoid effect to activities and buried equipment of the Nhon Trach 1 power plant. C6. During installation of the pipeline section near by sub-construction of Nhon Trach 1 power plant.3 Gas Supplied Pipeline Nhon Trach 2 Power Plant uses gases from Phu My – Ho Chi Minh city gas supplied pipeline system. Install the automatic valves and the automatic gas detectors and fire alarm systems in order to minimize the risk in emergency situations. Calculate exactly quantity of transported materials in accordance with ship/barge’s capacity and port capacity in order to prevent shipwreck and dropped materials into the river. 4. Request contractors must comply strictly with the safety regulations for radioactive source usage in non-destructive test (NDT) for welding knots in order to minimize effect on health of workers at the place. Do not discharge lubricant. oily wastes into the river and they must be collected and treated as regulation.
Mitigation measures on impacts to socio – economic environment are:
PPMB – PVNT2 .4 Minimize negative impacts on socio-economic Implementation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant will cause effect on social-economic environment of the project area. Protect labour health at site and habitants at the surrounding areas. it will also have negative effects. Must have the safety corridor to protect the pipeline to avoid collision that may lead to gas leakage and cause fire/explosion accidents as well as comfortable for maintaining the pipeline. 4. it is necessary to cooperate with Nhon Trach 1 management board to ensure safety for sub-constructions as well as activities of the NT1 power plant. Beside positive effects. Request ship owners of ships coming in and back DO port must be awareness on environmental protection. during construction activities of the pipeline must comly with mitigation measures of adverse impact on enveironment. Making active and helpful relationship with local communities and companies in Ong Keo industrial zone. Therefore. oil sludge. The gas supplied pipeline for Nhon Trach 2 power plant will be separately constructed and directly connected to Nhon Trach Gas Distribution Center.
Following the decision No 786/Qð. D9.2 MITIGATION MEASURES FOR THE OPERATION PHASE
PPMB – PVNT2 . The medical equipment of the plant may also be used for the local people in necessary situations. Coordinate with local authorities to establish a satisfactory resettlement and compensation program for emigrant households. assessment and inspection of safety and risk level of the employees in order to have health protection plan for workers during the project implementation.000 VND.178.284. the total of compensated expense for houses and other construction is 1. Comply with the stipulation/ regulations of Vietnam Government in hiring the professional and popular labors. D4. For ressetlement option..UBND dated 29th December. farm trees is 7.600. Keep closely relationship with the local authority and habitant in order to be informed and cooperated to solve confliction problems arising in the project implementation D6. creating works. Cost for compensation support for land basing on Decision No. Equip the protective means for labours such as safety hat. 4.. Priorly using the labour force in the project area for suitable works in the plant.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
D1. it has also supporting policy for production and life stabilization such as: job transfer. Collect opinions from Public communities on planning of project implementation as well as notify for local people and authorities to know planning of project development. D8. lack of manpower households and providing enough fresh water. Make convenient conditions to enhance skill level for workers to be suitable with the plant development requirements. D10.510.RDCPSE
. D3.700. Management board of Nhon Trach power plant need to cooperate with other companies in Ong Keo industrial zone having solution to protect health for people in the resettlement area for example: construct medical station to take health care for habitants of resettlement area especially for revolutionary. 2006 of Dong Nai province with the total number of 22.000 VND. D5.UBT dated on 14/02/2005 of Dong Nai province. Develop Health and Safety Programme aiming identification. D7.491. Management Board of the power plant must have suitable management measure as well as propagandize awareness of labour forces in order to avoid arising confliction with local people to ensure public security in the area. earring protective devices and always ensure sanitation conditions at working place. D2. 95/2006/Qð.000 VNð. safety – working clothes. The compensated expense for cultivated plants. In addition. management board of Nhon Trach power cooperates with local authority to arrange site in the Phuoc Khanh resettlement area and support rental money for emigrant households while waiting for house construction..CT.
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
As mentioned in chapter 3, during the operation phase the environmental impacts are mainly emission, noise, wastewater, solid wastes and accidents. However, due to the NT2 power plant is located next to the NT1 plant so wastewater and emission quantity arising during the operation process are discharged at the same time into the received environment. That will cause some resonant impacts. Thus, mitigation measures for environmental impact focus at following works: Air pollution treatment Minimize noise Wastewater collection and treatment Solid waste collection and treatment Prevent incidents
4.2.1 Air pollution treatment Operation of gas turbines will regularly discharge NOx and CO to the environment through stacks. Mitigation measures for air emissions from stacks of gas turbines will be applied as follows: E1. Using gas turbines with latest technology to improve the effect and minimize quantity of emission per consumed gas quantity; E2. In case of using DO, it is necessary to treat emission gases to reduce the quantity of SOx into the environment; E3. Install water injection in the combustion chamber in order to reduce NOx in to the environment in case of using DO; E4. Regular monitoring the operation process to ensure these turbines operated as design; E5. Strictly comply with the maintenance schedule as regulation of producer; E6. Install the main stack of 60 meters in minimum height and bypass stack of 35m in minimum height, diameter of around 6.8 meters aiming that the emission gases of NOx and CO are dispersed completely and ensure the pollutant contents are always lower than TCVN 7440:2005 (at top of stack) and the pollutant contents in ambient air are lower than TCVN 5937:2005; E7. Install exhaust gas automatic monitoring system at top of main stacks; E8. In case of using DO, it should be used the high quality fuel with low sulfur content (≤0.25%) that generates less smoke. 4.2.2 Noise To avoid effect on health of workers working in the plant as well as effect on operation of other companies in the Ong Keo industrial zone. The plant’s equipment must be designed to ensure the noise standards for ambient area in all time, following measures are proposed; K1. All equipment and accessories of the plant need to be designed according to Vietnamese noise standard. K2. Build the sound-proof wall or house around the equipment such as gas turbine, steam turbine, air compressor, etc., to reduce the noise;
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
K3. Equip sound-proof materials and silencer for noisy engines and equipment such as the gas pipe of gas turbine, safety valves and diesel engines of fire fighting pumps; K4. Install the noise and vibration sensor at the high noise and vibration areas such as air compressor, turbines, etc…; K5. Lubricant oil, control oil and cleaning fluid will be located in chambers for filter and separate in order to ensure that supply lubricant oil for units; K6. Establish periodically maintenance plan for the operational equipment and facilities in order to reduce noise and vibration; K7. Equip the anti – noise devices for workers working in the plant especially in the high noisy areas;
4.2.3 Wastewater treatment During the operation phase, wastewater sources arising from the plant will be treated before discharging to the environment to ensure that it meets TCVN 5945:2005 (column B) and two following requirements; Minimize the toxicity of wastewater to community health; Absolutely reject or minimize adverse impacts of wastewater to the surface water quality of received source and quality of natural environment in general.
Almost of regular and irregular wastewater sources are routed into the common storage tank and then pumped to the combned wastewater treatment system before discharging into Dong Tranh river following discharged canal route. General diagram and general description of wastewater treatment system is shown in Figure 4.1. Treatment measures for each kind of wastewater are mentioned in detail as follows: 1. Wastewater from circulating cooling system
L1. Location of intake and discharging of cooling water must be ensure minimize of 1km in distance, the discharge trench should make wave to enhance the ability of heat exchanging and avoid heat turbulence;
L2. Adjust suitable flowrate to increase ability of evaporation and temperature exchanging with the received environment to avoid heat pollution for the riverwater. L3. Regularly observating and monitoring temperature of CW intake and discharge at discharged site to ensure that the temperature difference is less than 50C, and may be immediately treated in adverse cases to ensure to meet TCVN 5945:2005 (column B); 2. Regular wastewater This is daily regular wastewater with rate of about 49.6 m3/h. Therefore, to minimize its impact on environment, it is necessary to have suitable treatment measures and must be strictly treated.
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Regular wastewater from the plant is as follows: boiler cleaning water, mineralized water, turbine washing water, chemical washing water will be collected into a separated tank and then will be treated by neutralized method. The preliminary treated wastewater will be pumped to the common storage tank of the plant where it is continuously treated 2nd stage to meet allowable standard before discharging into the environment. The treatment process is presented in section 3 and shown in figure 4.2 (2nd treated stage). 3. Oily wastewater Oily wastewater from heat recovery boiler, turbine, generators, transformers and pumping station area will be collected at each site and then routed to the common oil separated tank. Due to this area located at Dong Tranh and Long Tau confluence, for environmental aspect, this is a high sensitive area. Because along these riversides has abundant mangrove forest system, moreover there are also aquacutural ponds in this area. If wastewater generated from activities of the plant is not suitable treated, it will cause great effects on environment as well as aquaculture activities. In order to minimize impacts on environment, it is necessary to have suitable treatment measures before discharging to the environment. Oily wastewater treatment process is shown in figure 4.2. Oily wastewater is collected to a storage tank, then pumped to preliminary oil separator system. Separated oil will be collected, this system also deposits solid particles and sand swept out effluent flowing; sludge sediment will be drained to the sludge drying ground and discharged as regulation. Wastewater will be continuosly passed to SBR (Sequency Batch Reaction) and then through filter column to clean tiny oily particles mixing in water. Part of wastewater after oil separation will continously lead to common sewage storage tank and treated by passing through deposition process and adsortion filter, filtered water will be sampled to analyse to ensure to meet allowable standard before discharging receiving environment. Separated oil will be collected to the discharged oil collection tank. Oil sludge will be periodly collected and transported to the landfill stipulated by Dong Nai DoNRE.
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
.2 OILY WASTEWATER TREATING PROCESS
PPMB – PVNT2 .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
OIL SEPARATOR TANK
FOAMING& OIL SEPARATING
DISPOSAL OIL COLLECTING TANK
CONTINUOUS TREATING AND REUSE
OIL SEPARATING STAGE
COMMON WASTEWATER TANK
FILTER & ABSORB
DEPOSITION WITH SLANT WALL
2nd stage treatment
PPMB – PVNT2 . treated water will meet environmental standard to ensure following requirements: Minimize the toxicity of wastewater to community health. in general. stabilizing concentration and simultaneously unaerobic treatment. DISPOSAL
All wastewater from bathroom and canteen area is routed to the treating area through the drainage channel. Due to water using time is irregular in a day.
STORAGE TANK OF DOMESTIC WASTEWATER sinh hoạt
Figure 4.RDCPSE 11/2007
To achieve above object.).3. therefore this tank is also used for mixing wastewaters.3 DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATING PROCESS
DRYING. Domestic wastewater Domestic wastewater will be collected to the domestic wastewater tank and treated. domestic wastewater treatment process in the Nhon Trach 2 power plant is proposed as follows (Figure 4. reject one part of organic content. wastewater will go through garbage guard bars and then be routed to collecting tank.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
4. Completely reject or minimize the adverse impact of wastewater on water quality of the receiving source and natural environment quality. Firstly.
Solid wastes are transfered to the common landfill of Ong Keo industrial zone (location according to the agreement between Management Board of Ong Keo Industrial zone and Nhon Trach district) and then contract with Dong Nai Urban Hygien Company for daily collecting and discharging at domestic waste dumping ground of Dong Nai province. Deposited sludge is disposed to drying yard. Select suitable material that creates less waste or can reuse if possible. it is necessary to paid attention as following: N1.4 Collection and treatment system for solid waste To reduce quantity of solid waste and manage discharging activities.5 Mitigation measures for environmental pollution due to the operation of DO port Ship density passing through the project area is so high. Irregular wastewater arising from boiler washing. Setting dustbin with guideline board at suitable sites to make convenient conditions for collection and minimizing fall out of solid waste inside the plant.
5. waste water is pumped to reaction tank. in here. Sludge from wastewater treatment system can be treated at site by sludge drying ground or transported to Fertilizer Plant of Dong Nai province. Clear water will be routed to filter tank. 4. treatment and discharge measures. Then.2. water will be sterilized and meet TCVN 5945-2005 (colunm B) and discharged to the receiving source. Project owner has to strictly monitor the process of waste collection and treatment of subcontractor. After filter tank. 4. colloid is additional pumped and react with pollutans and create mud flocculation. Irregular wastewater L4.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
After that. wastewater routed to deposition tank to separate sludge. M4. turbine and other equipments cleaning will be collected to batch treatment group and treated by neutralization method prior routed to the common treatment system of the plant.
Sludge from septic tank containing many organic matters and bacteria may use as fertilizer for cultivated trees or improve soil.RDCPSE 11/2007
.2. M3. Contract with oily-sludge treatment company (Song Xanh company) to collect and treat oily waste from oil separated system. M6. mitigation measures will be proposed as below: M1. In order to prevent accidents as well as minimize effects on environment. Ships/barge owner coming in/out of the port must strictly comply with
PPMB – PVNT2 . M5. so it is necessary to interest in the safety for ship/barge coming in/out of DO port. M2. sludge flocculation not yet deposited will be kept at this sand filter tank. Classify the solid wastes at the discharge sources in order to have properly collection.
. O7. 4. Ships/boats coming in the port must comply with port regulation and command guide ship in order to prevent collisions to wharf. Inform the decommissioning plan to the relevant authorities. Collect all of dismantled materials and classify on time for reuse or disposal. O3. therefore mitigation measures for the environmental impacts in this phase will also be applied in the construction phase. All of the DO pipelines from the port to the Plant will be placed on concrete abutments in order to prevent oil leakage. O6. Inspect dismantling activities to avoid any potential impacts on the environment. N6. O8. Recover the plant area to its original condition by replanting the previous vegetative cover for land use purpose as determined appropriately by local authorities at that time. removing and dismantling equipment of the plant are similar to impacts arising from the construction/installation phase. Minimize decommissioning time as much as possible and apply proper dismantled techniques in order to avoid causing more effect on the environment and surrounding residential areas.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Ong Keo Industrial Zone Management Board and individuals to avoid any potential interaction causing adverse impacts for activities of this works. inlet point. Beside. agencies in Ong Keo industrial zone before decommissioning in order to give a detailed plan of assisting the labour force of the plant to minimize potential jobless status after the plant stopped. oily wastewater and solid waste discharged to the DO port area. N2. The project owner needs to have persons in charge safety and environment to monitor and inspect all activities of the DO port. Arrange properly the assembling area for dismantling materials and select the suitable partners for selling off the equipment to clear the site quickly. At the DO port area. especially at the time of DO un/loading from barges/tankers to storage tanks. O4. agencies. N3. O2. Equip booms surrounding the port area. Establish the proper plan for stopping operation and dismantlement considering the interaction with other structures in the area. the plant will apply some specific mitigation measures for the decommission phase as follows: O1. O5. All kind of wastewaters from ships will be collected and treated to meet allowable standard before discharging to the environment. Strictly monitoring the discharging of domestic wastewater.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
traffic regulation as well as guideline of port management board as anchoring and leaving the port. N5. Keep closely cooperation with local authorities. pipes and equipment will be designed and installed according to safety and environmental standards in order to prevent oil spill/oil leakage.3 MITIGATION MEASURES IN DECOMMISSION PHASE
The environmental impacts from stopping operation. fuel pipeline.
Install the leakage detector. the prevention and protection measures will be developed and strictly implemented in order to minimize risks of incidents arisen. P2. Control regularly oil temperature. the water sprinkler is equipped to cool the oil tank. Cooling water is supplied from the fire fighting water pump house.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Infact. Regularly checking to ensure these equipments are in good conditions. Hazardous areas of the plant are divided into following tiers: • High hazardous area: Generator area FO. fire preventing and fighting standard agency of US and Vietnamese standard: Fuel will be stored at temperature below flashing point. The rate of cooling water spraying will be about 30liters/sec. 4.4 PREVENT AND RESPOND INCIDENTS
To ensure safety for all activities of the project. it may not propose in advance the decommissioning plan after at least 30 operating years. Minimum distance between fuel storage tanks and other equipment/ structures should be 30m (TCVN 2622 . In order to avoid the oil temperature increasing. Design and install fuel tanks complying with design standard of API 650. overflow meter and an emergency closing magnetic valve to stop leakage/spill at the fuel oil storage tank area. The prevention and protection measures will be applied in the plant as well as at DO unloading jetty as follows: 4.4. The fuel storage tanks are placed in safety embankment and on the waterproof concrete base for preventing from oil spill or leakage. Equip the fire detector. mitigation measures of environmental impacts as well as management for the decommissioning phase will need to be carried out corresponding to the real situation in the future.1995).1991). Establish the fire and explosion protection network with safety exit and suitable stairways inside the plant and arrange the fire fighting system according to the technical requirements for fire protecting and extinguishing. an alarm signal and fire fighting system for gas turbine group and generator. Equip the oil storage tanks painted by three (3) paint layers of anti – rust and equip ventilation pipes to limit the operational pressure of tankers not exceeding 0. DO storage tank area Gas and stream turbines area Area containing electric equipment and cable Diesel station
PPMB – PVNT2 .15bar. P3.1 For fire/explosion incident in the power plant area P1./m perimeter (TCVN 5307 . Install the automatic fire protection system at the fuel oil storage tank and in the fuel oil pump house.RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
• Normal hazardous area: Heat recovery oven Area containing Electricity equipment and circuit breaker house Controlling house Pump station Administration house Storehouse Maintenance house Garage. Trolley and portable firefighting equipments. the NT1 power plant is using fire-fighting water pump system with capacity of 540m3/h from two filter tank of 2 x 1. Sprinkler system. Spraying system for cooling tanker shell. fire resistant clothes and other specific rescue
Water source for fire fighting is taken from filtered water storage tank with capacity that ensures for firefighting as regulation.200m3/h in capacity that will completely satisfy for firefighting requirement of the NT2 power plant. Firefighting trucks. Fix Foam fire fighting system. Required water quantity for fighting the largest fire is about 520m3/h. equipments. At present. satisfied for 3 hours fighting largest fire. the plant will equip fire fighting system as follow: Detector and fire alarm. Thus.
Based on definement above hazardous areas. The minimum flow of reserved water is 1. Deluge system.560m3/h. Mobile Foam fire fighting system.RDCPSE
. Water spray system. Mobile Extinguisher system by CO2. fire fighting water will be provided from firefighting water pump station from NT 1 power plant and distributed via circle system supplied firefighting water to: Indoor and outside hose fittings Water spray system Firefighting system by foam Sprinkler system
Indoor hose fittings are set up at following units: Turbine house
PPMB – PVNT2 . Circle water system for supply fire fighting/prevention.
waiting.2 For accidents related to transportation and storage of fuel oil. overflow pipes and safety valves to prevent accidents in case of exceeding maximum capacity of equipment. oil boom. Central controlling room.
PPMB – PVNT2 . stop valves and loading pump at jetty area in order to prevent leakage and spillage. 4. check obstacles in front of port to minimize spill/leakage incidents. Tanker area. P9. pipeline. Water treatment station. P10. especially ships collision on the river. emergency diesel generator. garage houses. chemical supplied for the plant.4.
P4. Storehouse. auxiliary facilities are equipped in boxes setting next to fire fittings in accordance with fire fighting and prevention procedure. Arrange the suitable schedule for ship/barge come in and back DO port to reduce the waterway traffic jam. Administration area and canteen areas. Water sprinkler system is set at following units: Pump area supplied water for boiler.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Circulation cooling water pump Water treating station Centre controlling room
Outdoor hose fittings are set up at following areas: Around gas and steam turbine house Heat recovery boiler Gas distribution station DO pumping station Along pipeline network distributed firefighting water and they are 80 meters apart. Inspect periodically the pump system. Strictly control procedures related to: oil suction pump.RDCPSE
. fuel oil. P7. Planning for maintenance for equipments. chemical and wastewater storage equipments in order to correct or replace timely damaged parts. oil collection and oil spill treatment to response timely in the port area . Periodly inspect alarm system. P5. Equip metering flow. Training staffs in charge to take part in oil spill response when incidents happen. P6. P8. tank valves. factory.
Equipment. storage tank and landing and pipeline.
Pump remaining oil to other storage tanks. Cordinate with local waterway police and appropriate authorities to arrange the waterway passage to support for the combat activities. Define spill sources. estimate spill size. P17. simultaneously in compliance with the industrial sanitation.. goggles. P16. Ship owner must mobilize available resource and facilities in order to cut/isolate and spillage source. Contract with specialized units majored in oil spill response in oder to booming while oil loading from port to the plant and will be responsibility in response in case of oil spill incidents occur . 4. Establishing the emergency response plan for each case of accident that may be basic for responding.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
P14. 8. person in charge. 6. gloves. Cordinate with the environmental cosultant company (RDCPSE. Dong Nai DoNRE and Management board of Ong Keo industrial park in order to mobilize the nearest combat resources to take part in as well as having the response guidance timely. Equip the necessary safety facilities for rescuer in order to ensure safety and minimize impacts on health of the worker.RDCPSE
. 3. workers measures on environmental protection. P15. there are some measures for oil spill response and cleaning will be applied as follows: 1. Equip and provide the safety facilities and systems to ensure safety for transportation. also equip personal protective equipments and gears such as masks. safety and health standards. mangrove forest as well as other sensitive areas). In case of oil spill incident occurs. using and storage of chemical. Training staffs. environmental damages and incident recovery measures for PVNT2. sampling and analyzing and monitoring environmental impacts after the incident occurs as well as make basic for compensating the economic damages and complains in future. 9. 5. Assess environmental and economic damages of accident by site survey. Report immediately to Management board. 7. Establish report on incident happening. 10. PVN and appropriate authorities of Dong Nai province. Coordinate with appropriate authorities. Petro Power Cooperation. safety and environmental department/divison of the plant. supervise and isolate oil spill source. Equip eye washing facilities and safety showers at working areas. response deployment. P12. Training regularly the fire fighting/prevention measures and emergency response measures at the project area. The project owner must report immediately to Viet Nam oil and gas group (PVN). etc.
P13. agencies and the plant in order to establish an emergency response network.
PPMB – PVNT2 .. safety and fire-explosion prevention in the working place.) in order to run the oil drift model to define and protect the sensitive areas (aquacultural. Select the oil cleaning measure in accordance with oil types.
Decree No. Revised petroleum law in 2001. health and environment (SHE) management system with aim to strictly comply following current Vietnamese regulations on Safety. property and environment. environmental impact assessment and environmental commitment”.R. 08/2006/TT-BTNMT dated September 08th. Circulation No. Decision No. project owner will apply health – safety – environment (HSE) policies with aim to prevent the loss of human. 81/2006/Nð-CP (August 9th. Health and Environmental protection and International Conventions:
Law on Environmental Protection. transportation. In order to conduct the above policy. 1995 issued by Ministry of Science and Technology about “Guideline on repair of oil spill incident”. 2006 of MoNRE on “Guideline of strategic environmental assessment. field development.RDCPSE
. 67/2003/Nð-CP of the Government about Environmental protection fees of wastewater. Decree No. production.
COMMITMENT TO IMPLENMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION MEASURES
5. 2005.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
5. of Vietnam on November 29th.
PPMB – PVNT2 . storage. 1998 promulgated on regulation for environmental protection in petroleum search. exploration. processing and related services. 2006) of the Government on detailed guidance on the implementation of the law on environmental protection. Circular No 2262/TT-Mtg dated on December 26th. ratified by National Assembly of the S. Government Decree No. operation processes of Nhon Trach 2 power plant. Decision No 395/1998/Qð-KHCN&MT issued by MoSTE in April 10. 80/2006/Nð-CP (August 9th. project owner commits to establish and maintain a safety. 41/1999/QD-TTg issued by Prime Minister of March 8th.1 COMMIMENT OF PROJECT OWNER TO IMPLEMENT ENVIRONMENTNAL PROTECTION MEASURES During construction. 2006) stipulated on Fine for administrative violations in environmental protection. 1999 promulgated about regulation on safety management in oil and gas activities.
Decision No 103/2005/Qð-TTg issued by Prime Minister dated on May 12nd .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Decision No 22/2006/Qð-BTNMT issued by MoNRE (December 18th. suitable use and saving of natural resources. 10. Protection. dust at discharge source. In the operation phase. phase 2001 – 2010. To prepare of plan. the owner project will provide of part expenditure for environmental protection work such as domestic. Comply the laws of Vietnamese. 2005 about regulations for oil spill response. equipment and manpower source to response for oil spill break-down. Guidelines for monitoring of the ambient environment in the vicinity of onshore petroleum installations in Vietnam of Vietnam oil and gas corporation – 7/2006. constructional and hazardous wastes collection as well as roving rest room. reproduction of waste matter. and solid waste as well as standards about safety of fire and explosion. regulation. Strict implement of internal procedures with aim safety assurance for employee. Educational communication and motion employees attend the environmental protection. Frequently open profession classroom to enhancement specialized in knowledge about HAS for staff. collection and treatment of waste matter. 2005) issued by industrial minister about oil spill response plan. Mitigation. project owner comments to implement advanced technical solutions. Decision No 37/2005/Qð-BCN (November 25.RDCPSE
. Decision No 23/2006/Qð-BTNMT dated December 26th 2006 promulgated list of hazardous waste. TCVN 5945:2005 apply for cooling and technology wastewater… in order to ensure that waste mater from operating process will controlled and lower than allowable standard limit as well as following up and regular monitoring about unusual charge of the project impacted to environment. routine and requirements about HSE (health and safety environment). collection. 35/2002/Qð-BKHCNMT of MoNRE dated June 25th 2002. Implementations of environmental impact mitigation solutions ensure the attainment discharge standard of Vietnamese. 5. the owner project must construct domestic and industrial wastewater treatments system. Total of estimated expense for environmental protection facilities for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is 36. 7. environmental mitigation measures and suitable environmental monitoring plan as mentioned in this report:
1. The project will conform to environmental standards.2 COMMITMENTS OF PROJECT OWNER TO IMPLEMENT THE MITIGATION MEASURES Be aware the important of environmental protection. Satisfy the requirements on safety management with international standards. power plant will implement the environmental standards about air emission. 8. In construction factory.
5. 9.510 USD (Thirty six million twenty six thousand fifty hundred and ten US dollars) over total of estimated constructional investment of
PPMB – PVNT2 . Beside above law documents and guidelines. 3. 2006) about obligatory application 05 Vietnamese standards on environment and repeal application some standards stipulated according Decision No. 4. 2. wastewater. SOx.026. which generate in the operation. which will apply in the plant (TCVN 7440:2005 apply for NOx. 6.
PPMB – PVNT2 .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
the factory is 11.335 USD.000 VNð equivalent 716.480. Expense for environmental protection facilities will detail present in the section. Vietnamese environmental standard or causing environmental incidents.
Project owner commits to comply with the mitigation and environmental protection measures mentioned in the EIA and approved by MONRE in order to conduct project’s activities in safety. efficiency and less environmental impacts as well as be legally responsible if violating the regulations.986.543.RDCPSE
air waste and other wastes in the framework of the project:
Exhausted gas and noise treatment works o o Water spraying system for reducing NOx. safety valves. Installing main stacks with minimum height of 60m. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT & MONITORING PROGRAM
6. LISTS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL TREATMENT WORKS List of the environmental treatment works for the solid.RDCPSE
.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
6. liquid.1. for reducing the noise. in order to disperse rapidly the pollutants in exhausted gas and ensure that the concentration of NOx and CO near the earth’s surface is always lower than Vietnam standard TCVN 5937:2005. Planting green trees within the areas of plants and populated areas in order to reduce the noise. Building sound insulation walls or houses surrounding the equipments such as: gas turbines. especially in the areas of high rate of noise. Providing noise insulation and sound reduction materials for the engines and noise causing equipments such as: gas pipes of gas turbines..
ENVIRONMENTAL TREATMENT WORKS. air compressors etc. Equipping noise-proof devices for staffs working in the plants. Installing the noise control system and vibration sensors at the areas and the equipments with high rate of noise and vibration such as: air compressor. System for detection of gas leakage. turbines etc.
PPMB – PVNT2 . and the small parts of machines and equipments will be insulated in the insulation housing. steam turbines. diesel engines for the fire resistance pumps.
the consolidation for the earth foundation should be conducted in order to avoid erosion. Building opened channel of 1. and spilling of fuel oil down to the neighboring currents of water. etc. 6. then filling with the sand till +3. Environmental management program A complete and comprehensive environmental management program is very necessary.483m Hon Dau). Damping up embankments around fuel containers for the building equipments for preventing leakage.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT MONITORING PROGRAM 6. Equipping the wastebasket with the enclosed guidance for waste collection at appropriate positions in order to limit the falling of solid wastes in the plant area.5 m for setting off the sinking down to the designed elevation (+2. collapse.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
122 Wastewater treatment works
o Installing mobile WCs at the tents and camps in the construction process. o Domestic wastewater treatment system. administrative managements with
PPMB – PVNT2 .
o o o o
The progress for implementing the works shall be ensured to complete before November 2010. landslide. Driving reinforced concrete piles for preventing from sinking at all the positions where will be installed equipment of plant and workshops. o Oily wastewater treatment system.
o Chemical wastewater treatment system. Solid wastes treatment works o o Garbage collection system: Building the temporary dumping ground for storing solid wastes in the plant precinct. The projects for building embankments for the plant.RDCPSE 11/2007
. This program will combine policies. sinking.580 m of length in order to disperse cooling water. in which contains toxic solid wastes before transporting to treat. Leveling the ground by measures of press loading in combination with stake paper vertical drainage.3 m.
Lists of environmental treatment works for other factors except wastes:
Because the earth foundation of project area is weak. This consolidation is considered as one of essential works in the process for construction the plant: o Consolidation works includes: Removing the layer of organics and vegetation cover to the depth of 0. o Oil spill preventing system.2.1.
Training staffs in safety and environment. energy. Safety and Environment (HS&E). There are some lessons to be learned and some improvements should add to new plan. etc. Leader of health. Annual waste management plans. easily.
Checking and auditing environmental management system Considering and inspecting effect of environmental management plan regularly and modifying plan if necessary. Environmental management program will include following required contents: Environmental impact and risk assessment before project operate through EIA report. Managing changes in operation phase in order to minimize impacts on environment. design and put into operating in order to improve continuously in environmental protection. environmental law and waste management requirements in force. Storing all monitoring parameters and results in order to supply and check updated information about waste. safety an environment.
Environmental management program will be taken responsibility for establishing. The environmental management program will be management tool in order to ensure that environmental policies of project as well as related regulations will be implemented so good. Checking program and auditing environmental management system for Nhon Trach 2 power plant includes: • Checking environmental management system: The checking process will provide following issues: − Existing environment and identifying potential environment pollution. sustainable and continuous. safety and environment take responsibility for ensuring that environmental management plant is updated and ready to approve annually as follows: Annual plans about health. Storing and applying documents about environmental standards. therefore environmental management work is effective. wastewater. Annual environmental monitoring program.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
the purpose of control and minimize bad impacts on environment. Building and establish incident response plan. fuel. which caused by project’s activities. implementing and maintaining environmental management policy of plant by Department of Health.RDCPSE 11/2007
. Identifying and monitoring all waste and discharging sources which may impact on environment.
PPMB – PVNT2 . − Introduce technical solutions and advanced technology as well as improve environmental management and monitoring programs so that they are suitable for real situation. Concrete plans about minimize gas emission.
There are two types of environmental monitoring works for project as follows: Regular monitoring at discharge source of plant area. conclusions and recommendation will be documented in order to establish a concrete implementation plan and considering. Monitoring program for the discharge sources
PPMB – PVNT2 . − Wastewater. including: arrange a personnel of environmental management. a. post-construction and during operation phase of plant. Environmental monitoring program This program is one of important parts in environmental management plan with following purposes: Identify all environment changes which may cause adverse effects on environment by the project implementation. Proposing a program which manage environmental problems in order to protect environment during construction and operation phases. − Equipment and measures for incident response. preventive environmental incident (except for fight/extinguish fire will in self-employed follow law fight/extinguish fire).2. wastewater quality. • Auditing environment: Auditing environmental management and technology issues that may be implemented “ separately ” or in co-ordination with safety audit.2. and other contents about environmental management related with project. equipments in order to prevent and monitor pollution. auditing. Propose appropriate environmental environmental monitoring results.
Results of checking. − Waste management. Environmental monitoring program will be carried throughout all project implementation phases. inclusive harmful waste management. 6. waste management. Monitor discharge sources (gas emission. from pre-construction. Prevent potential incidents in plant as well as oil spills in DO unloading jetty area.RDCPSE
. waste water. protection measures based on
Surmount and supplement according to environmental monitoring results. Check processes of operating. correcting and improving factors in environmental management system so that they are suitable for reality situation.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
• Checking environment: periodic inspect on special subjects as follows: − Hygiene condition at project area. and solid waste) and operation of environmental protection equipments in order to ensure that these activities will comply to legislative requirements. construction. monitoring and inspecting of installation systems. Periodical monitoring environment surrounding project area.
vibration: TCVS 3733/2002/Qð-BYT: 85dB of limit.1 and Fig.1. CO2 Frequency Weekly Sampling site 4 sampling sites at following locations: − Monthly 2 sites at main stacks − 2 sites at bypass stacks 4 sampling sites at following locations: − − Discharge flow. total oil content Weekly Gas turbine Steam turbine
Noise.1 site at input of wastewater treatment system . check operating process of wastewater treatment system in order to adjust opportunely in case of the wastewater quality not meet the Vietnamese standards. Environmental monitoring program in the vicinity
PPMB – PVNT2 . SO2. Results of monitoring will be recorded in files to monitor and audit.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The purpose of regular monitoring program for discharge sources is to ensure that wastes must be treated to meet discharge standards before discharging into environment in order to mitigate environmental impacts and have timely measures for preventing and correcting. vibration Noise
Cooling water Industrial wastewater
− Gas compressor 1 site at: − Discharge point in the plant before enter the box-culvert and discharge into Long Tau river .1 site at output of wastewater treatment system
Standards basic for assess the monitoring results as follows: b. temperature. ClpH. Industrial wastewater: TCVN 5945:2005. Monitoring will be implemented regularly by directly automatic measuring at discharge source or sampling to analyze regularly. pH. dust). The monitoring program includes: Monitor wastewater. TSS. BOD5. CO2). TSS.RDCPSE
.1 REGULAR MONITORED PARAMETERS IN NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
Discharge source Air emission Parameter Dust. TCVN 5939:2005 (CO. wastewater and solid waste. Table 6. NOx. The place of monitoring stations and monitoring frequency are presented in Table 6. CO. Noise. gas emission. Monitoring program for discharge sources of the Nhon Trach 2 power plant includes regular monitoring all discharge sources in plant such as gas emission. Air emission: TCVN 7440:2005 (SOx.6. Monitoring results will be documented to report to higher authorities to have timely solutions in order to prevent bad impacts on environment. NOx.
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Environmental measuring and monitoring program in the vicinity will be undertaken throughout project execution to immediately identify environmental pollution sources and propose treatment measures. To identify environment changes, this program will be implemented before starting construction works and throughout operating phase until finishing decommissioning activities includes: Pre-construction phase Environmental measuring and monitoring program will be implemented before constructing plant, this program is considered as environmental baseline study. Study of environmental baseline had carried out as a part of EIA report. Collated data from environmental baseline study will be used as basic for environment management and next monitoring activities. Environmental baseline for Nhon Trach 2 power plant area had been implemented in rainy season in 2007 and compared with analytical results of environmental baseline in 2006 at Nhon Trach 1 power plant area by RDCPSE. Analytical results of environmental baseline are shown in section 3 of this report. Information and database in survey program include: Biological environment: terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem; Socio-economic environment in the project area; Environmental quality includes air, soil, water, and sediment quality, which are identified by sampling and analyzing physio-chemical and biological parameters. Sampling locations are shown in Table 6.2. Table 6.2. ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING LOCATION AT NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT AREA (July, 2007)
Sampl e type Surfa ce water , sedim ent and biolog y Air (at 4 corne rs of plant) Sampl ing point N1 N2 N3 N4 K1 K2 K3 K4 Co-ordinate Longitude Latitud e 106o50.33 10o38.0 0 30 o 106 50.52 10o38.3 8 55 106o49.81 3 106o48.81 9 106o50.44 6 106o50.38 1 106o50.50 6 106o50.48 2 10o37.8 13 10o38.2 12 10o38.5 37 10o38.3 25 10o38.4 11 10o38.6 68
Sampling location Dong Tranh river – intake cooling water point Dong Tranh river – Discharge point of industrial wastewater closed to DO unloading jetty Long Tau river – discharge point of cooling water Long Tau river - 1 site, about 2000m far away from discharge point toward upstream Plant area – corner 1 – in Northwestern direction Plant area - corner 2- in Southwestern direction Plant area - corner 3- in Northeastern direction Plant area - corner 4- in Southeastern direction
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Sampl e type Sampl ing point ð1 Soil ð2 ð3 Plant area Wharf area Residential area closed to project area Sampling location Co-ordinate Longitude Latitud e 106050 10038 474 524 106050 10038 506 411 0 10037 106 50 390 954
Note: - N1÷ N4: sampling sites of surface water, sediment, benthos and plankton; - ð1÷ð3: soil sampling sites; - K1 ÷ K4 air sampling sites. Construction phase During construction phase, construction activities must be implemented according to technology requirements and appropriate to mitigation measures of environmental impacts as mentioned in this report. EPC contractors must take responsibility for dust, noise and wastewater monitoring at the project execution area in order to ensure that not polluted environment. After finishing construction and commissioning, the project will carry out one more survey and sampling in order to identify natural environment changes in construction phase. Monitoring parameters and frequency are shown in Table 6.3. Results of environmental monitoring in pre-construction phase and construction phase will be basic of data for environment monitoring in next phase. Operation phase Nhon Trach 2 power plant is in Nhon Trach power center of Ong Keo industrial zone, therefore, the surrounding environment is influenced by cumulative impacts from project’s operation and other plants in this area. Hence, project owner must be coordinated closely with Nhon Trach Power Center Management Board and Ong Keo industrial zone management board to have monitoring plan of surrounding environmental quality in order to prevent reciprocal influences between plants as well as environment in industrial zone. Nhon Trach 2 power plant should combine with Nhon Trach 1 power plant in order to monitor surrounding environment at least two times per year in the rainy and dry seasons. Sampling locations are shown in Fig.6.2 and analytical parameters and monitoring frequency at surrounding environmental of Nhon Trach 2 power plant are shown in Table 6.3. Table 6.3 PERIOD MONITORING PARAMETERS AND LOCATIONS AT SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT OF NHON TRACH 2 POWER PLANT
Environment Parameter Frequency Sampling location
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Environment Air Parameter Noise, temperature, humidity, dust, SO2, NOx, CO, CO2 2 times/year Frequency Sampling location 2 sites, in which: - 2 km, North – Northwestern direction (on the way to Ong Keo industrial zone) - Residential area (West – Southwestern direction) 4 sites, in which: − 1 site at discharge point of cooling water into Long Tau river of plant 1 site at discharge point of industrial wastewater of plant into Dong Tranh river 1 site at DO unloading jetty 1 site at downstream of Dong Tranh river, about 1,000m far from industrial wastewater discharged point
pH, temperature, TSS, COD, BOD5, DO, Cl-, total N, total P, SO42-, total oil content, total coliform, heavy metals
Hydrocarbon, heavy metals Zooplankton, phytoplankton, benthos.
2 times/year 2 times/year
4 sites at surface water sampling location 4 sites at surface water sampling location
Basic of monitoring results assessment basing on Vietnam standards as follows: Air: surrounding air standards TCVN 5937:2005; Noise: noise for surrounding environment TCVN 5949:1995; Vibration: vibration for surrounding environment TCVN 6962:2001; Surface water: TCVN 5945:2005 standards for locations discharging cooling water and industrial wastewater. Decommissioning phase During decommissioning phase, dismantling works must be stringently monitored on site. After finishing all dismantling works, an environmental survey program will be conducted in the surrounding project area in order to ensure that residual impacts are insignificant and acceptable. Sampling location as well as monitoring parameters in environmental monitoring program in this phase is similar to periodically monitoring for surrounding environment quality and are shown in Table 6.4.
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
Vietnamese environment law and circulars.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Leaders as well as staffs will be regular notified of environmental problems through internal reports (internal network). project owner will coordinate with constructors in order to ensure that project staffs are trained on labor safety and environmental protection.4 MONITORING FREQUENCY OF SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT OF THE POWER PLANT
Phase Pre.. incident response. organization seminar.RDCPSE
. fire fighting exercises and practices. Monitoring frequency of surrounding environment of power plant is shown in Table 6. activity and training of entire staffs. all staffs of power plant will be trained on environmental safety and protection throughout training courses. Existing environment problems for the plant. articles about environment. operation processes and guideline.construction Construction Construction Decommissioning Monitoring frequency 1 time in rainy season and 1 time in dry season for environmental baseline study 1 time after finishing construction and installation plant 2 times/year 1 time after finishing dismantling works
Note: Monitoring frequency may be change when there are changes in legal regulations and environmental standards in the future. Environmental management system. etc.4. project management board will environment for project’s staffs such as: organize courses of safety and
During construction and installation phases.3 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT TRAINNING PROGRAM
Environmental management and monitoring plan is implemented good or not according to awareness. discussion about training inner or outer plant. magazines. Environmental guidelines and procedures. During operation phase. Results of environmental measuring and monitoring program will be kept by project owner and submit to Vietnam Oil And Gas Group and Department of Natural Resources and Environmental in Dong Nai province.
Table 6. Training staffs that take responsibility for environment and treat to control environmental pollution Environmental training programs will be appropriately set up for every group of people and include following subjects: Environmental policy. monitoring program for surrounding environment of Nhon Trach 2 power plant area will be carried out according to above phases.
PPMB – PVNT2 . 6. purpose and strategy of the plant. Thus.
basic fist aid. oil spill source. fire and explosion). guideline of plant safety and protection regulations for local people. etc. continuously and throughout
Regularly update new information for emergency response plan. in order to minimize human. Environmental protection in production..
In addition. first aid. emergency direction board and other response
First aid and move victims away from incident site. Identify role. Inspect and assess environmental protection implementation. safety on contingency response. staffs of HS&E department should be trained on concrete special subject according to job title in plant.RDCPSE
. 6. and steps. Estimate incident level. This plan will define necessary activities when incident happens. . Periodically training on emergency incident response includes: Practice emergency incident response exercises..
PPMB – PVNT2 . property. Necessary equipments for directions and on site response.4 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
Emergency incident response plan of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is established to mitigate harm on humans and environment in the project area and its vicinity in case of incident. responsibility of organizations and personals in incident response. Schema on emergency responsibility organization and information notification sequence. Periodically training courses on incident response (oil spill on river.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Technical and manageable measures to mitigate pollution. Communicate with organizations. Concrete implementation steps in case of emergency response as follows: Isolate whole system or equipment complex. which are mentioned in section 5. List of internal and external notices. Emergency response plan includes: Classify and determine all potential incidents due to equipment operation such as fire or explosion caused by external causes or pipeline itself and equipment. equipment and environment damages. response activities must be implemented by steps. HS&E department takes responsibility for ensuring information quality in training program and monitoring overall functions of environment management program. plant follows as. In case of oil spill. safety and fire-explosion courses. etc. Learning from practical experience emergency response exercises. Training on operation works. spillage in plant.
which was approved by Department of fire prevention and fighting – Ministry of Public Security.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Identify trend of fire or oil spill in order to have response measures affecting to vicinities. project owner had individual fire prevention and fighting plan for Nhon Trach 2 power plant.
PPMB – PVNT2 .RDCPSE
. Response the system from emergency situation.
19. attenuation of sound equipment Bypass stack Attenuation of sound equipment
PPMB – PVNT2 .003
1.986.335 USD in total estimated expense for the Power Plant.Expense for subside make-up .902
2010 Without details
. The estimated expense and rate schedule of construction of environmental protection works are showed in Table 7.493
28.Expense for sanitation equipment installation and temporary works decommission .
Table 7.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
.510 USD (Thirty six million twenty six thousand fifty hundred and ten US dollars) per 716.
ESTIMATED EXPENSE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WORKS
Up to now.2 ha
14. Total estimated expense for environmental protection works of Nhon Trach 2 Power plant is 36.1 ESTIMATES EXPENSE AND RATE SCHEDULE OF CONSTRUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION WORKS
TOTAL (USD) SCHEDULE YEAR NOTE
.346.Dyke construction expense for erosion protection . estimated expense for construction and operation of environmental protection works during construction and operation process of the Project is not detail.Emission pipeline system and bypass stack.026.033.140.
Oil spill prevention system: boom.000
1. boom storage system .733 284.579 932.940 273.470 SCHEDULE YEAR 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 Calculated in expense for total investment for Nhon Trach 1 power plant NOTE
WORKS .DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
TOTAL (USD) 1.623 01 system 01 system 01 system 01 system 01 system 682.472 853.510
PPMB – PVNT2 .864.026. boom lay boat.741 3.500 36.RDCPSE
.Fire preventing and fighting system .Gas leakage detection system .Landscape works TOTAL
350.236.Water inject system for NOx reducing .820.Waste water treatment system Chemical-contaminated wastewater treatment system Domestic water treatment system Oily wastewater treatment system .
Environmental Impact Assessment and Commitment to Environmental Protection” including guidelines for consulting of community opinions. the project owner sent a Document No. environmental mitigating measures) to the People Committee and Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh Commune in order to propose that local authorities will send opinions by document (document enclosed with summary in Appendix 4). The locals support vigorously the project. the local authority carried out the compensation of clearance on schedule. The People Committee and Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh Commune sent document to project owner on October 23rd 2007 (Documents of the People Committee No. The opinions of Committee representative are summarized as bellows: The locals acknowledged that it is strategy project in industrial development of the local district in particular as well as the whole country in general.RDCPSE
. Local people also supported vigorously and migrated quickly.78/CV-UBND and Committee for Fatherland Front No. propagandized and mobilized people in the project area to perform a ground clearance in order to make sure that construction progress of the plant is on schedule.1 Opinions of the People Committee of Phuocof Phuoc Khanh Commune
On October 23rd 2007. General Manager of Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company.77/CV. Hoang Xuan Quoc. the People Committee of Phuoc Khanh Commune sent a document No. supported vigorously to the project. The local authorities created favorable conditions.
PPMB – PVNT2 .78/CV-UBND about implementation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant project at Phuoc Khanh Commune to Dr. Opinions of the People Committee and and Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh Commune are summarized as follows:
CONSULT OF COMMUNITY OPINIONS
In compliance to legislative requirement of Circular No 08/2006-of MoNRE about “Guidelines for Environmental Strategy Assessment.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
. In cooperation with Management Board. negative environmental impact of the project.111/CPNT2-CV-DA dated on October 16th 2007 (enclose the summary of basic content of the project.
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Through the EIA of this project, the People Committee of Phuoc Khanh Commune agree with the benefit of project, the power plant running by natural gas fuel is thermo-power plant, which is amicably with environment. However, during development process, especially during construction phase, dug soil has to be transported to fixed place without impact to transportation of the local people. During operation phase, it is necessary to pay attention to treatment of cooling water and industrial wastewater discharging because these discharges will impact on fishery activities (drift net) of local fishermen; During land filling, project owner has to have suitable measures to prevent sand and salty water overflow into surrounding areas. That can cause lost of crop plants, domestic animal in the vicinity. These measures are diking surrounding land filling area, installing salty water drainage canal into Dong Tranh river. The Project owner has to give locals work during construction phase as well as operation phase. In active cooperation with local authorities in preserve public order (register temporary address for worker).
8.2. Opinions of Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh
The Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh sent a document No. 78/CV-UBND on October 23rd 2007 about implementation of Nhon Trach 2 power plant project at Phuoc Khanh Commune to Dr. Hoang Xuan Quoc, General Manager of Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company. The opinions of representative of Committee for Fatherland Front of Phuoc Khanh commune are similar to opinions of People Committee and concentrate on some main contents as below: Support project: created favorable conditions, supported vigorously to the project, propagandized and mobilized people in the project area to move to another place in order to make sure that construction progress of the plant is on schedule; Petition: - Treat dug soil to have no impact on transportation of the local people; - Dike surround the land filling, install salty water drainage into Dong Tranh river; - Create work for local people during construction and operation phases; - Cooperation with local authorities in preserve public order. 8.3. Explanatory opinions of project owner During the meeting between Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company, RDCPSE and local authorities, the project owner and RDCPSE explained questions which were proposed by local authorities in above document on October 23rd 2007 (proceeding of this meeting in appendix 4). The content of explanatory as follows: The project owner had plan and expense for dyke construction when carry on land filling;
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
The project owner has expense for compensation once for influenced household; Using local labour: bargain with construction contractor about using local labour during construction phase; Project owner will have plan to eliminate dug soil, muddy dredge into dumping ground which is a garden of Ong Keo industrial zone and 5km far away from plant.
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
REFERENCES OF DATA, INFORMATION SOURCES AND ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY
9.1. Data and information sources Data and information used in this report include: Technical parameters of plant is provided by Nhon Trach power project management board, Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company and Power Engineering Consulting company No.2; Data of environmental baseline is surveyed, analysed and assessed by RDCPSE; Natural conditions data of project area is collected from Research Institutes, Consulting specialists (meteorology, hydrography); Socio-ecomomic data is collected from local departments; Document on emission, wastewater assessment methodology; Air and wastewater dispersion modeling softwares.
A. List of referred data and document
9.1.1 Refered document and data sources: Meteorological statistical multi-years data is provided by Southern Region Hydro Meteorological Center. Natural conditions data such as geological, hydrography, water, soil, biological, sediment and socio-economic data of project area and vincinities are collected from scientific documents of Research Instututes and related departments: SOUTHERN REGION HYDRO METEOROLOGICAL CENTER Meteorological data of 2006 and statistical multi-years data PETROVIETNAM – POWER ENGINEERING CONSULTING COMPANY No.2, FEBRUARY, 2006 Report on geology, topography and hydrograph surveys for establishing investment project, basic of design RDCPSE, JULY, 2007 Report on baseline study for Nhon Trach 2 power plant
PPMB – PVNT2 - RDCPSE
2004 Existing environment of Dong Nai river barin PHUOC KHANH PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE. HOANG VAN BINH – INSTUTUTE OF HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH – NOVEMBER. environmental management. 1993
Assessment of sources of Air.FEBRUARY 2004 Study on using of macro-invertebrate benthos to evaluate and monitor environmental water quality of river/canal system of Can Gio district – HCM city. (volume 1) WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. from national and International science documents such as: ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE SEPTEMBER. Economopoulos – Democritos University of Thrace DR. 1995 TECHNOLOGY LTD – IOE GROUP.NXB KHKT.
RESEARCH TECHNICAL APPLICATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CENTER -
DONG NAI PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE – DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT .Report on Existing environment of Dong Nai province.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Report on oil spiil response plan for Ho Chi Minh city and vicinities Report on Environmental Impact Assessment for Nhon Trach 1 combined cycle power plant Report on Environmental sensitivity mapping for the area from Ke Ga cape to Ca Mau cape
LE DUC TUAN Management for Can Gio mangrove forest biosphere reserve area in order to satisfy 12 priciples approaching eco-system according to Convention on Bio-diversified Environmental impact assessment for Nhon Trach 1 industrial zone.RDCPSE
.Pro. giai ñoạn 2001 – 2005 HCMC NATIONAL UNIVERSITY – INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES . PHAM NGOC DANG – SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PUBLISHING HOUSE – 1992 Air pollution in urban and industrial areas HO CHI MINH CITY PORT AUTHORITIES Statistical number of ship/boat traffic on the Long Tau river in 2005
PPMB – PVNT2 . Water and Land Pollution – A Guide to Rapid Source Inventory Techniques and Their Use in Formulating Environmental Control Strategies Part one: Rapid Inventory techniques in Environmental Pollution by Alexander P. 2007 Report on socio-economic task implementation Document about environmental impact assessment measures. air quality assessment.Industrial toxicants and protection out of contamination in industrial production.. emission. 1996. LE TRINH – LE QUOC HUNG . GENEVA. etc.
PPMB – PVNT2 . etc. is provided by Southern Region Hydro meteorological Center. 9. O Mon power plant (First phase). Decision No.80/2006/Nð-CP (August 09.) and Mekong delta. 2006) of Government on Detail Regulations and Guidelines on implementation of the Environmental protection law. software of air dispersion model is used in many countries in the world. Data on meteorology which is processed on each hour for modeling input.2 was written by USEPA. Vietnamese standards on Environment issued by MoNRE 1995. B.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Documents and Software of air dispersion model and cooling water dispersion model Emission: ISCST air dispersion version 3. Phuoc Hoa. reliability and updated level assessment for refered documents and data sources: Refered document and data sources which are mentioned above. The model is used for Tri An hydroelectric plan project. Mathematical basic and reliability of modeling are shown in Appendix 3. Ca Mau complex Power – fertilizer. 2006 about restricted application of 5 Vietnamse standards on environment and abrogated application of any standards regulated by Decision No. 2001 & 2005.08/2006-BTNMT issued by MoNRE on the Guideline on Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment . Especially. Pollution planning for ðN-SGTV river system. Environmental Impact assessment and Commitment of Environmental protection. Amended environmental protection law and current environmental . List of home-made document sources of project owner In EIA report. 2002. regulations and guidelines as follows: Law on Environmental Protection 2005: Section 3: Clause 17. 19. home-made documents of project owner were used as follows: General design documents of Nhon Trach 2 power plant is provided by Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company in September. Circular No. software of wastewater dispersion model is used for salty and environmental pollution projects for Sai Gon – Dong Nai – Thi Vai (ðN-SG-TV) rivers system. Wastewater: Pollution dispersion modeling (SALBOD version 2005) and cooling water dispersion modeling of Associate Professor Nguyen Tat Dac. Standards on fire and explosion safety. Detail. were officially issued and published by organizations. 18. Cooling water calculation is also used for Phu My Power Plant (compare with results of JICA). 20 Decree No.22/2006/Qð-BTNMT issued by MoNRE in December 18.35/2002/Qð-BKHCNMT issued by Minister of MoSTE in June 25th.1.Can Tho.RDCPSE 11/2007
. EIA report for Nhon Trach 2 power plant has been refered current laws. VeDan. data of project owner A.2 Document. Bien Hoa.
hydro-meteorological and socio-economic.
PPMB – PVNT2 . Modelling method: Used to calculate and imitate air. basic of design and EPC document (phase 1): Report on geology. 2007): Environmental baseline report for Nhon Trach 2 power plant in July.2. Data sources are implemented and updated in 2006. measure on site and analyse environmental samples in the lab (air. sampling and testing methods: to take environmental samples.2 in order to establish investment project. Main methodologies have been used to draw up this EIA report including: 6. sediment qualities and biology environment (plankton and benthos) in two spell of sampling. topography and hydrometeorology surveys for establishing project.2. Statistical method: used to process data on analyzing environmental samples. EIA methodologies Report on EIA for Nhon Trach 2 power plant is made according to Circular 08/2006/TT-BTNMT issued by MONRE on “Guideline on Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment. B.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Nhon Trach 1 CCPP investment project.
Therefore. 8. 7. 2007. Some models are used in this report including: ISCST3 air dispersion model. 9. Research and Development Centre for Petroleum Safety and Environment (RDCPSE).RDCPSE 11/2007
. which is influenced by tides on difference of use conditions. Survey. measuring and analyzing in rainy season (9-14th July. Basic of design.2 used to assess dispersion level of air emission in operation phase of Nhon Trach Power Plant. Waste dipersion model is used to calculate and stimulate dispersion of organic pollutants and heat dispersion processing in the river/canal system. 2007 Data on vegetation cover and socio-economic survey of project area collected by RDCPSE in survey and meeting with local authorities in 9-14th July.version 3. reliability and updated of documents. Part 2. topography and hydrometeorology surveys are provided by Nhon Trach Gas Power management board and Power Engineering consulting company No. water. soil. data sources of owner: Documents of project experienced specialist: owner base on contraction with prestigious and
Power Engineering consulting company No. Environmental Impact Assessment and Commitment of Environmental Protection”. wastewater and heat dispersions causing from project implementation. basic of design Environmental baseline parameters at project area such as air. This model was respectively developed by the US EPA and recognized by International organization that is a tool for calculate and forecast impacts from industrial emission sources to ambient air quality. data has high in detail and reliable. Assessments of detail. Report on result of geology. water.
sediment and biology) at the project area. Remarks on detail and reliable of assessment Environmental impact and risk assessments for Nhon Trach 2 power plant are based on quantitative calculation data from technical documents. this method is also used to survey the vegetation cover. In addition. DNV (Norway). studies or from modelling results of International organizations such as WHO.RDCPSE
. offices. water.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
PPMB – PVNT2 . Socio-investigative method: used to interview departments and local people in the project area. Comparison method: to assess air. take photos and interview on the surveys in order to collect and identify existing environment and socio – economic conditions. etc.
10.3. sediment and biology qualities basing on comparision with currently Vietnamese and International environmental standards. 9. EPA (USA). UKHSE. authorities.. soil.
project will clear agricultural land (mainly fruit-tree) of 45. Natural gas mainly used for Nhon Trach 2 CCPP with capacity of 750MW is friendly one with environment. installation also arises a quantity of exhaust fumes. This project will be operated parallel with neighbouring projects such as Nhon Trach 1 CCPP which will bring practical benefits for local economic development in particular and whole area in general. project implementation has also some effects on environment and residents at the project area In construction phase. in which mentioned to construction investment for Nhon Trach 2 Power plant with capacity of 750MW following forms of Joint Stock company. some impacts may generate such as air emission from stacks. dredging plant layout and temporary port area may increase alum leakage. solid waste and DO import activity at the oil jetty area. Besides above great benefits. dust and noise that effects on workers and local people living near the project area. In addition. Nhon Trach 2 power plant project invested in the form of IPP (Independent Power Plant). DO will be used. discharged water from cooling and industrial wastewater. 110/2007/Qð-TTg dated on July 18th 2007.25 ha. especially in case of natural gas source interrupted.RDCPSE
. water qualities and aquatic organisms closing to the project area. which is in Ong Keo Industrial zone at Dong Tranh confluence belonging Phuoc Khanh commune. especially in case of both plants using DO
PPMB – PVNT2 . co-owner in form of financial contribution of shareholders of Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock company. income as well as intellectual standards of the local people and increased source of revenue for state budget. Conclusion
In order to satisfy with power demand of Southeast area in particular and the whole country in general and also use all natural gas leading to shore from Cuu Long and Nam Con Son basins. which effects on soil. will be constructed in Nhon Trach Power Center. move 14 households living at project area. equipments for construction. In operation phase.2015 considering the year of 2025 by Decision No. Removing the layer of organics. Dong Nai province. contributed to raise the living standards. When Nhon Trach 2 power plant operates at the same time with Nhon Trach 1. Nhon Trach district. Activities of ships.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
1. barges transported construction materials and equipments will increase ships density and risks of ship collision on the Dong Tranh and Long Tau rivers. Prime Minister approved the National Power Development Plan in the period of 2006 . high efficiency and low quantity of gas emission and cooling water demand per power unit only occupied 50% compared to old thermal power plant.
TCVN 5939:2005 for CO content at discharging source. Health and Environment. collecting. In construction phase of plant. with awareness of environmental protection.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
(S=0. In operation phase. maximum avoid negative impacts on environment and residential communities. dust at discharging sources. Detail estimated expense for environmental protection facilities is shown in section 7. Total estimated expense for Nhon Trach 2 power plant environmental protection facilities is about 36. However. practices and
Satisfying safety management requirements according to International standards. Regular organizing professional courses in order to improve specialist knowledge of health. give jobs priority for local residents (maximum use local labour forces especially in the construction phase). effects in construction phase are temporary and in operation phase. requirements of Safety. recycling and reusing wastes.
PPMB – PVNT2 . regular monitor abnormal changes of the project causing impacts on environment. Minimizing. effects of discharging cooling water and industrial wastewater through modelling results will not impact much on water environment of this area.335 USD. Project will comply to environmental standards. Propagandizing education and propagandizing all staffs to take part in environmental protection. which apply for power plant (TCVN 7440:2005 for contents of NOx.026. safety and environment for staffs. equipment and human resources to response in case of oil spill incident happening. Implementing mitigating measures for environmental impacts to ensure to meet Vietnamese environmental standards. etc. As mentioned in assessment chapter. court local authorities support. generating in operation phase will be established. constructional wastes and hazardous waste as well as mobile WCs.5%). effects of air emission are insignificant because main fuel of the plant is natural gas. Preparing plan. TCVN 5945:2005 for industrial wastewater and cooling water.986. etc. Protecting and reasonably using.510 USD per total investment for the project of 716. Complying with Vietnamese legislative regulations. Strictly executing internal procedures in order to guarantee staffs’ safety. project owner will estimate part of budget for environmental protection work such as collection of domestic. SOx.) to ensure that wastes arising from operation phase will be controlled and lower than limit of allowable standards.RDCPSE 11/2007
. the project owner commits implementing suitable and effective mitigation measures and environmental management program as follow: Satisfactorily compensate for 14 resettled households and 51 ones having agricultural land in the project area. solid waste collection and treatment system. average hourly SOx will not exceed ambient air quality standard (TCVN 5937:2005). domestic and industrial wastewater treatment systems. saving natural resources.
together with Nhon Trach 2 Power Joint Stock Company petition to be registered the NT2 Power plant will be CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) project according to Kyoto Protocol about the right transfer of greenhouse gases discharge bringing from the project. which was approved by the United Nation (UN) – AM0029 – Baseline Methodology For Grid Connected Electricity Generation Plant using Natural Gas).
PPMB – PVNT2 . the free encyclopaedia).RDCPSE
. Natural gas burning will discharge to the environment few quantity of CO2 less 30% than DO burning and 45% than coal burning (Mitigation of global warming From Wikipedia. environmental monitoring and mitigation measures in order to minimize impacts arising from the project.DEIA report for Nhon Trach 2 Combined Cycle Power Plant project
Beside conformity with environmental management programs. PetroVietnam. Thus. project owner will coordinate closely with environment organizations and local authorities to implement project safety and bring high socio-economic effect.
2. using natural gas for Nhon Trach 2 power plant will decrease greenhouse gases in comparison with other power plants using coal and DO investing in Vietnam. Recommendation
Natural gas burning produces less greenhouse gases (per a power unit) than burning of coal and DO. Reduction of Greenhouse gases of the project will decrease of 300 – 400 thousand tons CO2 per year (calculated according to reason out the basic line method for power plant using natural gas.