Social Protection Indicators from the 2011 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (A P I S

)
Capacity Development Workshop on Measuring Social Protection May 14-16, 2013 BPS-Statistics Indonesia, Jakarta

National Statistics Office Manila, Philippines

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms. 1

Presentation Outline
 Background of the 2011 APIS  Content of the 2011 APIS  Questions in the 2011 APIS-Social Protection (SP) Module  Implications of the SP Questions in the 2011 APIS  Indicators derived from the 2011 APIS-SP Module  Summary  Recommendations  Future Directions

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2011 APIS Background
 APIS is a nationwide survey designed to provide non-income indicators related to poverty  Conducted during years when the Family Income and Expenditures Survey (FIES) is not conducted

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2011 APIS Background
 Used the 2003 Master Sample (MS) for household-based Surveys of NSO  MS utilized the list of census enumeration areas and households from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH)  Sampling Scheme – Multi Stage
• First stage - sample PSUs • Second stage - sample enumeration (EAs) • Third stage - sample housing units
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Content of 2011 APIS
 APIS gathers information on the following items:
• • • • • • • • • Demographic characteristics Health Status Schooling Status and Highest Grade Completed Economic Characteristics Housing Characteristics and Amenities Water and Sanitation Social Protection Hunger Family Income and Expenditure
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SP Module Questionnaire Design
 Method of enumeration
• Personal interview of responsible adult family member

2011 APIS-SP Questions
 In the last 6 months (January-June 2011), has any member of your family received payments from any of the following sources?  Who among the family members received the payment?  How much was received in cash from in the past month?  How much was received in cash from in the last 6 months (January – June 2011)?

SP Programs
1. Pension (Government) 2. Pension (Private) 3. Survivor’ Benefit 4. Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps)-CCT 5. National Health Insurance Prog. (Philhealth) 6. Training for Work Scholarship Program 7. Agrarian Reform Community Devt. Prog. 8. Community-Based Employment Prog. 9. Disability Benefit

10. Scholarship Benefits and 7 Student Financial Assistance

2011 APIS - SP Questions
 In the last 6 months (January-June SP Programs 2011), has any member of your 1. Supplemental Feeding family received the following? Program 2. Food for Work  Who among the family members Program availed of the program?  How much did your family receive (including value of goods received)?  How many months did your family receive cash and/or goods?

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2011 APIS SP Questions
 In the last 6 months (January-June SP Programs 2011), has any member of your 1. Disaster Relief family received payments in cash or 2. Sickness/Injury Compensation in-kind from any of the following 3. Private Medical sources? Insurance  Who among the family members 4. Maternity Benefit received the payment?  Was this payment in cash or in-kind?  How much did your family receive (including value of goods received)?
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Table 1. Average transfer value, in peso, per beneficiary family in the 6 mo. prior to the survey, by poverty status & type of SP Poverty Status Social Protection Programs
Pension (Government) Pension (Private) Survivors Benefit National Health Insurance Program Disability Benefit Community Based Employment Program Food for Work Program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) - CCT Scholarship Benefits & Students Financial Assistance Supplemental Feeding Program Disaster Relief

For each SP Program: Poor: amount received by poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total poor beneficiary families Non-Poor: Numerator: Total amount received by non-poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total non-poor beneficiary families
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Total

Poor

Non-Poor Numerator: Total
52,894.9 24,217.1 23,473.6 9,746.3 25,520.1 2,296.2 1,004.9 4,656.7 7,479.6 564.1 560.0

51,992.6 10,507.7 23,865.0 12,926.3 22,721.4 8,931.3 23,429.6 2,294.0 890.3 4,433.8 7,002.6 566.3 515.4 11,496.0 3,916.9 7,222.9 2,291.0 766.2 4,294.1 3,943.5 569.0 428.6

Table 2. Distribution of beneficiary families by poverty status and type of social protection

For each SP Program: Numerator: Total poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total poor and non-poor beneficiary families Non-Poor: Numerator: Total non-poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total poor and non-poor beneficiary families

Poverty Status Poor: Social Protection Programs Total Poor Pension (Government) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2.1 3.1 6.3 14.0 11.4 NonPoor 97.9 96.9 93.7 86.0 88.6

Pension (Private)
Survivors Benefit Philhealth Disability Benefit Comm.-Based Employment Program Food for Work Program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) Scholarship Benefits and Students Financial Assistance (Gov.)

100.0
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

43.3
48.0 61.5 13.5 45.0 34.0

56.7
52.0 38.5 86.5 55.0 66.0

Supplemental Feeding Program
Disaster Relief

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Table 3. Distribution of benefits by poverty status and by type of social protection Poverty Status Social Protection Programs Pension (Government) Pension (Private) Survivors Benefit Philhealth Disability Benefit Total Poor 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.4 1.7 3.2 6.1 3.5 43.3 41.3 40.5 7.6 45.2 28.2 NonPoor 99.6 98.3 96.8 93.9 96.5 56.7 58.7 59.5 92.4 54.8 71.8

For each SP Program:
Poor: Numerator: Total amount received by poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total amount received by poor and non-poor beneficiary families Non-Poor: Numerator: Total amount received by non-poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total amount received by poor and non-poor beneficiary families
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Community Based Employment Program Food for Work Program
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) Scholarship Benefits & Students Financial Assistance (Gov.) Supplemental Feeding Program Disaster Relief

Table 4. Coverage of social protection programs by poverty status and type of social protection Poverty Status Social Protection Programs Total Poor Pension (Government) Pension (Private) 3.1 4.1 1.5 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.9 NonPoor 3.8 5.0 1.8 1.2 0.1 0.3

For each SP Program:
Poor: Numerator: Total poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total poor families

Survivors Benefit
Philhealth Disability Benefit Community Based Employment Prog. Food for Work Program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Prog. (4Ps) Scholarship Benefits & Students Financial Assistance (Gov.) Supplemental Feeding Program Disaster Relief

Non-Poor: Numerator: Total non-poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total non-poor families

6.4
1.2 1.5

19.6
0.8 3.4

3.1
1.3 1.0

2.2

3.7

1.8

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Table 5. Coverage of social protection programs by poverty status and type of social protection

Poverty Status
Social Protection Programs Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) Scholarship Benefits & Students Financial Assistance (SBSFA)
For each SP Program:

Total Poor

NonPoor

9.6
2.3

22.3
1.3

5.0
2.7

4Ps Poor/ NonPoor:

Numerator: Total poor/non-poor beneficiary families Denominator: Total poor/non-poor families with members aged 0-14 yrs.

SBSFA Poor/ NonPoor:

Numerator: Total poor/nonpoor beneficiary families with members aged 12-20 yrs. Denominator: Total non-poor families with members aged 12-20 yrs.

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 

The module has been given a limited space in the APIS questionnaire being a rider module There are SP programs in the module whose beneficiary could hardly be captured in the survey such as: Private medical insurance; Maternity
Benefit; Training for Work Scholarship Program; Agrarian Reform Community Development Program; Scholarship (Private); Sickness/injury compensation

In the survey, beneficiaries of SP programs are identified through the question on whether or not family member received payments from the program.
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  

Conduct a stand-alone survey to get more detailed information on social protection If dedicated survey on SP is not possible, continue including SP questions in APIS To make APIS a designated statistical activity or part of System of Designated Statistics SP Questions in a household survey should be crafted appropriately for each SP program in order to capture the intended beneficiaries or those covered by the SP program
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