Crude Oil Properties & Their effect on LP

• • • • Basic overview of LP LP Assay Data Base Crude Properties impact on LP Top 5 Ranking

Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Basic Overview • • Mathematical model for a process. Model is used in a number of industries. crude quality(assay). distribution network or any other situation with variables and constraints. marketing information.. Linear mathematics applied to optimize operation of refinery(s). etc. logistics. chemical plant. • • • . Our focus is the refining LP Consists of many spreadsheets with various information such as: – refining kit structure. refining. refining process constraints.

A= aromatics). LP assay data base is used to provide crude assay data to the model in the form of cut yields and cut properties. Freeze Pt. K-factor (Mean Avg Boiling Pt & gravity). Viscosity. N + 2A . Vanadium.Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Assay Data Base • • • “Raw” Crude properties are extracted from actual crude assays. Sulfur. Flash Pt. Cloud Pt. formatted or redefined and stored in the LP assay data base. • .. Cetane.3/A (N= napthenes. Typical LP crude assay data base includes the following properties: – Distillation (TBD). Gravity. Nickel Each property has a significant impact on refinery operations and product yields. Nickel. Aromatics. Nitrogen. Con Carbon. Pour Pt. Benzene. N . Smoke pt.

Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Crude Property Distillation Impact Intermediate and product yields Cat cracker yields via K-factor (MABP) Cat cracker yields Coker yields Product qualities (blending impact) Product quality Cat cracker yields Reformer severity & rate Gravity Sulfur N + 2A (Napthenes + 2*Aromatics) N .3/Aromatics) Reformer H2 production .3/A (Napthenes .

Jet & Diesel viscosity Jet & Diesel Flash pt. Smoke Pt. Viscosity Flash Pt.Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Crude Property Pour Pt Cetane Cloud Pt. Jet Freeze pt. Impact Diesel pour pt Diesel Cetane Diesel Cloud pt. Freeze Pt. Jet Smoke pt. .

significant Cat Cracker yields Cat Cracker heat balance/operations Coke production Cat Cracker yields Coke quality Cat Cracker yields Coke quality RFG Gasoline Nickel Vanadium Aromatics & Benzene .Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Crude Property K-factor • function of MABP & gravity Total Nitrogen Con Carbon Impact Cat Cracker yields Coker yields Cat Cracker yields.

Crude Oil Properties & Their Effect on LP Top Five Ranking Distillation Nitrogen K-Factor Con Carbon Gravity .