Thomas C. Taylor - founder and president of GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc.. a professional civil engineer with degrees from Colorado State and Stanford University. Mr. Taylor is also the Chairman of the Board. He has spent the last eleven years working as a consultant in the spacecommercialization industry focusing on the utilization of the external tank in orbit for commercial purposes. He has also helped start other successfuIspace related ventures and haspublished over thirty The management group consists of persons with decades of ET related technical papers. Mr. Taylor was director of engiexperience in the fields of mannedand unmannedspacesystems, neering for SPACEHAB in the early years. SPACEHAB is a including launch vehicle development, the Space Shuttle, the pressurized module in the orbiter due to launch in 1993 and has utilization of the ET in orbit, the SpaceStation, the establish- raised over $100 million from the private sector. ment and management of national (and international) space programs, and commercial space venture development. It James E. Wilson - executive vice president, founder of the Wilson and Mmre Corporation, a professional, consultative includesformerNASAmanagers,seniorexeeutivesfrommajor aerospace companies, executives with extensive military ex- servicesorganizationofferingtechnicalandmanagerialservices perience, commercial space entrepreneurs and other space to industry and government. Former staff director for the Science and Technology Subcommittee of the House of Reprelated staff. resentatives. h Ir. Wilson and Mr. Taylor founded thecompany The GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc. management team brings to- after meeting in 1987. gether a mix of individuals and skills for the application of the external tank in orbit and general spacedevelopment programs. John D. Hodge - director of government relations, retired The company principals have an eleven year history of concept NASA, Office of Space Station, Deputy and Acting Associate development in external tank utihzation, and all have partici- Administrator for Space Station which included everything pated in a variety of roles in the development of spaceover the from the creation and staffing to long range operational issues past two decades. The company is an Apple Macintosh Soft- for the NASA Space Station Program (1982 to 1986). ware Developer, haslinked the team via Macintosh computers and expects the computer will provide increased communica- Dr. Charles W. Cook - director of engineering, has a broad background in space and national security activities with over tions for the customers. GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc. proposesa businessventure in orbit and has a management team with 250 years of combined management experience to oversee and direct all the activities associated with providing profitable services to the customer community. GLOBAL OUTPOST. Inc. is comprised of a dedicated team of professionals from a number of diverse fields directly related to the goals of the company.

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GLOBAL OUTPOST has assembled 37 individuals of with skills in aerospace, entreperenurial, financial, marketing and other areas to manage the OUTPOST Platform.



30 years of experience in key senior managementpositions in the Department of Defense planning the course of the nation’s defense space efforts. Dr. Cook has served as focal point and interface between the Department of Defense space activities and NASA, NOAA, DOT and other agencies. William A. Good - director of marketing, joined GLOBAL OUTPOST, Inc. from MCDOMeU Douglas where he was manager for Space Transportation Market Analysis, broad entrepreneurial and aerospace marketing experience in Space Transportation Market Analysis at MCDoMell Douglas and Martin Marietta, Space Station flight operations at Rockwell International, Consolidated Space Operations Center software development at TRW, and commercial software development at EDS. Jerry S. Howe - OUTFQST’s general legal advisor of Steptoe and Johnson, Washington, D.C., commercial spaceagreement experience with NASA including space law and government space policy. Jerry was the chief negotiator for the NASA Enabling Agreement. David Nixon - is an architect and partner of Future Systems Consultants. He has completed several NASA research contracts in manned space facilities design and is now involved in construction systemsstudies for lunar applications. Mr. Nixon is assisting with CAD definition and advanced ET applications studies.

the European Space Agency (1973 to 1983). has extensive experience in international space activities. R. Bruce Pittman - president of Operations Concepts, Inc., specializing in the rapid prototyping of aerospacetechnology & operations situations. Systems Engineering consultant. Alice S. Taylor - Corporate Secretary & Treas. Loren J.Abdulezer-f~cialadvisoranddkectorofsoftware research with consulting and programming experience at a major accounting firm. Paul Gulman - professional mechanical engineer, formerly with MMA in Denver. T. Bland Norris - extensive NASA science and program experience. David Braun - financial assistant with extensive business and financial experience. Jon E. Trevathan - corporation legal. Richard Dowling - aerospace communications and video expert, Found%l Space Media. Rex W. Ridenoure - PL space expert, entrepreneur and former NASA researcher. James R. Grady -general manager, Discovery SpaceTechnology Center. John Paul Rossie - telecommunications expert. Arthur W. Overman - marketing and business development Regis Fauquet - engineering and models. Carlos Rocha - engineering assistant and human factors. Leonard David - is a freelance writer, author, coauthor and contributor to a variety of space studies and spacepublications with over 10 years experience in interfacing and the aerospace media and worting within the U.S. public space movement. Ron Jones - is a special effects photographer and robotics expert. The OUTPOST start up team includes many multitalented individuals capable of moving the concept through its development. GLOBAL OUTPOST is located on the campus of the University of Maryland and part of the stated supported Technology Advancement Program (TAP), an entrepreneurial incubator.

Stanley H. Johansen - isthefounderof SouthWestem Consulting International (S WCI), a fir that specializes in conducting Strategic Planning, Market Research, Quality Management Programs, Economic and Financial Analysis for Capital Investment Projects, and in the preparation of detailed Business Plans for small, medium and new start- up venture companies.
Wilfred J. Mellors - former head of the Washington Office of

f contact:



Thomas C. Taylor President Phone 505-522-2106 Fax 505-522-2495 email: ttaylor@totacccom 3705 Canyon Ridge Arc Las Cruces, NM 88011

Corporate Offke GLOBAL OUTPOST,


0 GLOBAL Feb 1992



external tank
The ke.y to cost effective orbital services is the External Tank (ET). The ET is the light brown tank under the shuttle on each launch, discarded and not reused. The tank is truly a remarkable combination of economic oppormnity and enabling technology. The ET is used as a strongback and propellant container in the shuttle launch and could be useda second time as a strongback in orbit becasue,it can reduce the cost of doing business in space and enhance other aspects of the OUTPOST Platform. The Martin Marietta Corporation at the Michoud Assembly Facility New Orleans, LA. and fabricates the ET for the NASA Marshall SpaceFlight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The External Tank (ET) is a light aluminum structure containing two tanks and covered with a Thermal Protection System(TPS) consisting of sprayed-on foam insulation of several types. The exterior of the ET provides a large surface (almost a third of an acre) on which to conduct business in orbit. This exterior surface is similar to raw land or real estate and can be developed. The ET is essential to the shuttle as a carrier ofthepropellants necessarytoplacethe vehicleon orbit and as a strongback for the stack, but considerable energy (cost) is invested in the ET mass to bring it to near orbit. The External Tank (ET) is taken to -98+ % of full orbital velocity.

Why the External Tank is Important
-The transportation costsfor the ET are almost all paid. In the near term the external tank offers other advantages including orbital stability and as a strongback. The length of the ET (154’) produces gravity gradient forces, which causes the long axis of the tank to constantly point toward the center of the earth. These forces greatly reduce the reaction control system pro-



The External Tank of the Space Shuttle is used as a strongback in orbit and can reduce the cost of doing business in orbit.

pellants usedon the platform and provide a stable platform for business activities and is an excellent strong back for the attachment of customer payloads. The ET is used as a propellant container and hasthree internal pressure volumes. These volumes are not suitable for propellant containers or manned volumes, but some customers have expressed interest in their use for other purposes. The greatest early advantage the ET appears to be the design approach it seems to force. The approach to the second use of the external tank is the “salvage of a derelict” tnentality, rather than a “clean sheet everything new” attitude in’the design. This approach is helped by the company’s policy of using existing flight qualified subsystems and not developing new technol0’0. This means the OUTPOST Platform is not a “clean sheet” design in the traditional aerospacefashion with the associated overhead, but a combination of subsystems packaged from existing flight proven subsystems such as power solar arrays and communications, capable of salvaging a discarded derelict and providing commercial services. Another advantage of the external tank is its size. It is big. Previous commercial platforms by several organizations have not been successful in the space commercialization industry to date for several reasons. First, the ventures have had an upper limit on the quantity of services and availability of payload slots offered from a single platform, which drove the cost of services higher. The external tank has almost a third of an acre of exteriorsurfaceandthefirm’sEnablingAgreementsignedwith NASA leads to five external tanks in orbit, which gives an almost unlimited capability to grow. Second, the previous ventures have created a platform design where the facility development cost is great enough tc require government guarinWs and/or government insurance to raise the money in the private sector. The external tank contributes to the low cost aspects of the venture, which permits a lower total capital requirement from the private sector without government guarantees. Third, the flexibility, size, geometry and mass of the customer’spayloads have been limited by the relatively small (compared to the ET) spacecraft infrastructure. The ET provides a big, low cost, functionally flexible commercial facility capable of adapting to new markets in 24 months.




Thomas C. Taylor President Phone 505-522-2106 Fax 505-522-2495 email: 3705 Canyon Ridge Arc Las Cruces, NM 88011

The Martin Marietta Corporation produces theExternal Tank at the Michoud Assembly Facility under contract with NASA through the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. External Tank Capacity: 535,277 gallons Total: 730,159 kg. 1,610,OOOlbs. 145,138 gallons Liquid Oxygen: 625,850 kg. 1,380,OOO lbs. 19,409 cu. ft. 330,139 gallons Liquid Hydrogen: 104,308 kg. 230,OOfllbs. 52273 cu. ft. Tank Size: 153.8 feet Length: 4,688 cm 27.6 feet Diam zter: 840 cm Hydrogen Tank 96.7 feet Length: 2,947 cm Oxygen Tank 54.6 feet Length: 1,664 cm Intel-tank 22.5 feet Length: 686 cm 66,000 Ibs. Tank Weight: empty 29,932 kg. loaded 676,000 lbs. 760.091 kg. PropelhIlt Flow: 159,480 Ibs/min or *Liquid Oxygen: 16.800 gaI/min. 26,640 Ibs/min or *Liquid Hydrogen: 4533 gal/min. Nominal Separation: Altitude: 69 Statute Miles 60 Nautical Miles 111 Kilometers 805 Statute Miles Downrange: 700 Nautical Miles 1297 Kilometers *Note: 71.1 lb&u. ft. Liquid Oxygen Weight = 4.4 lbs/cu. ft. Liquid Hydrogen Weight = -297 degrees F Liquid Oxygen Temp. = - 423 degrees F Liquid Hydrogen Weight =

@GLOBAL OUTPOST. Inc. September 1990