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MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

Chapter -1- /

Section {1} What is matter?

1-What do you have in common with a toaster?


The toaster, anything and I are all made of matters.
2-Define:
Matter: Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
(volume).

3- Why can't two objects share the same space?


Because each object has its own volume and occupies its amount
of space.
4-Complete:
Volume: The amount of space taken up, or occupied, by an object.
Mass: is the amount of matter in an object.
Weight: is a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an
object, its value can change with the location of the object in the
universe.
Inertia: is the tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if
the object is moving, to resist a change in speed or direction until
an outside force acts on it.
Liters (L) & milliliters (mL) are units to measure volume of
liquids.
Cubic meter(m3) & cubic centimeter (cm3) are units to measure
volume of liquids.
Meniscus is defined as: the curve at a liquids surface by which
one measures the volume of the liquid.
Graduated cylinder is used to measure liquids & irregular shaped
objects.
To measure volume of a rectangular or a regular object, the
formula used is :
Volume = length X width X height

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

5-Compare between mass &


Mass
Mass is a measure of the
amount of matter in an
object.
Mass is always constant
for an object no matter
where the object is
located in the universe.
Mass is measured by using
a balance.
Mass is expressed in
kilograms (kg), grams (g),
and milligrams (mg).

weight in a table form:


weight
Weight is a measure of
the gravitational force on
an object.
Weight varies depending
on where the object is in
relation to the Earth.
Weight is measured
spring scale.
Weight is expressed
newtons (N).

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

Chapter -1- /

Section {1} What is matter?

1-What do you have in common with a toaster?

2-Define:
Matter:

3- Why can't two objects share the same space?

4-Complete:
Volume:

Mass:

Weight:

Inertia:

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

Liters (L) & milliliters (mL)

Cubic meter(m3) & cubic centimeter (cm3)

Meniscus is defined as:

Graduated cylinder is used to

To measure volume of a rectangular or a regular object, the


formula used is :

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

5-Compare between mass & weight in a table form:


Mass
weight

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

Chapter -1- /

Section {2}

1-List physical properties as much as you can in this section?


Some physical properties are color, shape, odor, weight, volume,
texture, state, and density.
2-Define:
Physical property: is a characteristic of a substance that does not
involve a chemical change, such as density, color, or hardness.
---------Density: is the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the
substance.
---------Physical change: is a change of matter from one form to another
without a change in chemical properties

3-Give examples of physical change?


- dissolving of sugar.
- Melting of ice.
- Freezing of water.
- Evaporation of water.
- Bending of metals.
4-Complete:
- g/cm3 & g/mL are units to measure density of liquid.
- g/cm3 or kg/m3 are units to measure density of solids.
- Knowing the density of a substance will tell you it will float or
sink.
- If you have multi-layered liquid the less dense is on top & the
densest is on the bottom.
5-Give three physical changes that can happen to a sugar cube.
1- dissolving it in water.
2- Grinding it.
3- Mixing it with butter.

Chapter -1- /
6

Section {2}
THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER
TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

1-List physical properties as much as you can in this section?


-

2-Define:
- Physical property:

----------

Density:

----------

Physical change:

3-Give examples of physical change?


-
-
-
-
4-Complete:
- & are units to measure density of liquid.
- ..or are units to measure density of solids.
- Knowing the density of a substance will tell you it will . or
sink.
- If you have multi-layered liquid the . is on top & the
densest is on the ...
5-Give three physical changes that can happen to a sugar cube.
..
.
..
Chapter -2- / Section {1}
1-Define the three states of matter?
7

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

- Solid
- Liquid
- Gas
2-What makes up matter?
Matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms and molecules. Atoms
and molecules are always in motion and are always bumping into one
another.

3- Differentiate between particles of solid, liquid and gas?


Particles of a solid Particles of a liquid
do not move fast
move fast enough to
enough to overcome overcome some of the
the strong attraction attraction between
between them. So,
them. The particles
they are close
are close together
together and vibrate but can slide past one
.in place
.another

Particles of gas
move fast enough
to overcome almost
all of the
attraction between
them. The particles
are far apart and
move independently
.of one another

4-What is a solid?
Is the state of matter in which the volume and shape of a substance
are fixed.

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

5- Compare between crystalline & amorphous solids?


Crystalline solid
Crystalline solids have a very
orderly, three-dimensional
arrangement of particles. The
particles of crystalline solids
are in a repeating pattern of
rows. Iron, diamond, and ice
are examples of crystalline
.solids

amorphous solid
Amorphous solids are made of
particles that do not have a
special arrangement. So, each
particle is in one place, but the
particles are not arranged in a
pattern. Examples of amorphous
.solids are glass, rubber, and wax

6-Define:
- Liquid: is the state of mailer that has a definite volume but
not a definite shape.
----------

Surface Tension: is the force that acts on the surface of a


liquid and that tends to minimize the area of the surface.
----------

Viscosity: is the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow.

7-What is a gas?
- Gas is a form of matter that does not have a definite volume
or shape.

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

Chapter -2- /

Section {1}

1-Define the three states of matter?


................................
...............................
................................
2-What makes up matter?
.....................................................................................................................

3- Differentiate between particles of solid, liquid and gas?


Particles of a solid

.... .... .... .... .... .... ....







Particles of a liquid

.... .... .... .... .... .... ....







Particles of a gas

.... .... .... .... .... .... ....







4-What is a solid?

.
.

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075

MASTER YOUR SCIENCE

5- Compare between crystalline & amorphous solids?


Crystalline solid

amorphous solid

6-Define:
- Liquid:

----------

Surface Tension:

----------

Viscosity:

7-What is a gas?

THE MASTER: S.M. MONTASER


TEL: 010 5220075