A Threat for the future generations of the Country due to Crisis in Quality Teachers and Education: Problems and

Archana Nath and Ritesh Kumar Abstract: Over the past two decades, Indian societies have undergone tremendous transformations in social, cultural, economic and technological spheres leading to new demands and challenges for its citizens. In order to maintain and face these changes and challenges quality education and teachers can play a leading role. Most of the schools, private or government, are dependent upon untrained teachers or teachers trained previously in older teaching methodologies with little updation and they will be causing more harm than good to the future generations of this country. Today, the efforts the parents and have to take clearly show the crisis of quality teachers prevailing in the country and that only placement of high quality teachers by proper planning in teacher education can help us in shaping our society in order to solve the national challenge. Thus, it is very imperative to discuss on the topic. The present paper examines the key role teachers can play in providing quality education. This paper discusses on what and why of quality education and how one can achieve this. Special emphasis is being given on teacher education as it is not only the backbone of our society but also it shapes the future generation. This paper also throws some light on how quality teachers can be produced, which can ultimately bring quality education in the society. In this context, the role of Government is crucial and this has also been highlighted in the paper. (Key words: Quality teacher, quality education, shaping future generation) Introduction Whenever the term education, quality, quality education, quality teachers, etc. are discussed it is very important to understand those terms first. Many researchers, educators and politicians have tried to define these terms and lot many definitions are available

This tool can help in critically . Now the question arises how teachers can improve quality and what teachers can do to improve quality. (http://www. Quality education should not be regarded as a process of consumption but as a process of interaction between teachers and students then only the purpose of education will be fulfilled.qualitydigest. Nation is succumbing to better teacher education and quality teachers’ crisis. Education has always been the foundation of any society and in the recent times it has assumed greater importance. It is merely because education over the last decades has lowered in quality. character or physical ability of an individual (en. and it is a continuous process.com/html/qualitydef. High quality teacher education can only help in meeting the challenge and overcoming the crisis of quality teachers. Quality awareness is one of the tools that teachers can apply advantageously for their personal progress as well as quality in education. anticipating. There is also an urgent need for quality teachers in the society. Teacher education is now a national challenge. From the above discussion it is realised that there is a need for improving quality in education. quality in education is the ongoing process of building and sustaining relationships by assessing. quality awareness. is not only the mirror of society it is also a factor influencing the development of the society.com/quality). Increasing number of drop-outs in schools at the primary level and poor performance of students at the rural levels that constitute major part of India’s population shows the actual picture of the degrading quality of education. professional freedom and professional ethics in life teachers can achieve their goal of quality improvement. in fact. Similarly. Quality may be defined as a reflection of outcome of any task performed within the boundary of social structure. Education must help young people and children to develop themselves as persons. Teacher Education is also an open and dynamic system. and fulfilling stated and implied needs (http://www. Education.org/wiki/Education). Eeducation in the broadest sense may be defined as any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind.html). To this it is felt that by having and applying three things such as.wikipedia.thefreedictionary. Now the talk of quality education has started.from the literature too.

Research studies have found that teachers more effectively teach and improve student achievement if they themselves have strong academic skills (Ehrenberg and Brewer 1994. The education authorities and government initiatives must ensure that teacher receive a good initial teacher education to prepare them for their work as a teacher. high quality teacher education for high quality education and training must be part of education policy. Professional freedom will allow teacher. Teachers should care for the students just they do for their children and this behavior will help a great deal in fulfilling the objective of education and also avoiding of any unethical practices. Here comes the role of teachers training institutions. Teachers are guardians of students next to their father and mother. In-service training offered to teachers must be of high quality and not merely routine meetings and conferences as one observes in the present time. In the modern times teachers are expected to perform many different tasks and roles and thus it is believed that substantial improvements and reforms in teacher education are required. a growing consensus is developing about some of the characteristics of high-quality teachers. Teacher Education: A National Challenge Although defining and measuring teacher quality remains difficult. appropriate formal training in the field in which they teach (Ingersoll 1999). Professional freedom is another tool that is a critical one that can help in developing quality in education. So. Ferguson and Ladd 1996. and Hanushek 1996). who are close to students. methods used and finding for alternative ways of teaching which would finally lead to the improvement in the quality in education. and several years of teaching experience (Murnane and Phillips 1981).examining our teaching. Besides these three things government initiatives is another thing that is required in order to get quality in education. Professional ethics in teachers is yet another factor that influences the quality in education in the society. Highly qualified and knowledgeable and quality teachers in the training institutions can produce good and quality teachers ready for shaping future generations. to adopt methods of teaching most suitable for an optimal learning. .

If the influence of the teachers on the learning outcomes of children and youth is negligible in relation to other influences. communicate. If. The availability of resources is a major obstacle to the widespread integration of ICTs in education. They have fundamentally changed the way people learn. in this process. . and do business. namely. Each one of them is discussed in brief below: Quality control and quality enhancement in teacher education Do teachers make a difference? The answer to the basic question is vital to the process of quality control in teacher education. and effectiveness in education in general and to enable the development of more and better teachers in particular. use of ICT as a medium has not yet taken momentum in India. ICTs are one of the major contemporary factors shaping the global economy and producing rapid changes in society. the need is reduced for effective quality control in teacher preparation. on the other hand. certification. quality. teachers. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have the potential to enhance access. employment and retention. effective quality control in teacher education becomes a matter of critical importance. Use of ICT in Teacher Education "Teacher education institutions may either assume a leadership role in the transformation of education or be left behind in the swirl of rapid technological change" (UNESCO. schools and teachers are seen as the key influences on the achievement of children and youth. Our society has reached to such a situation that we are facing shortages in quality teachers nationwide. As computer hardware becomes available to an increasing number of schools. However. more attention needs to be given to the capacity building of the key transformers.There are six key factors that can bring dramatic changes in the quality of teachers available in the society for training the young minds of the country. 2002).

SWOT analysis offers several benefits. widely used in strategic and planning management areas. and threats relating to a given task. modernizing training and the curricula and mainstreaming ICTs in all subjects. These include providing training programs for teachers. need to be good at teaching. ICT impact both learners and teachers. Research Potential and Teachers Education Teachers obviously. making ICT a priority. but they also need to have good listening skills to understand the problems a pupil may be having. to have good writing skills. Unless teacher educators model effective use of technology in their own classes. opportunities. SWOT analysis is a general technique which can be applied across diverse functions and activities. The professional development of teacher educators in the area of ICT integration is essential. O is the chance or opportunity. and be able to plan the next terms work. weaknesses. It is customary for the analysis to take account of internal resources and capabilities (strengths and weaknesses) and factors external to the organization (opportunities and threats). ICTs in education are not transformative on their own. and T is the threat. Transformation requires teachers who can use technology to improve student learning. So. This means that a teacher should have research bent of mind in order to assess the situation and make decision accordingly. SWOT Analysis of Teaching Practices SWOT analysis is an analytical tool. W is weakness. instructing and making presentations. They need to be able to analyze (for example) the reasons why a potentially bright student is not making progress. It is mainly applied as an instrument in corporate strategy. . of which S stands strength. Performing SWOT analysis involves generating and recording the strengths. the teacher education should also incorporate this in the training curriculum to enable the potential teachers to develop such skills through proper training. it will not be possible to prepare a new generation of teachers who effectively use the new tools for teaching and learning. also adapted to public and private areas of strategic researches.There are some policy suggestions for effective ICT teacher education.

In this process. In the Report submitted to UNESCO by the International Commission on Education for the 21st Century entitled “Learning: The Treasure Within”. • • • • learning to know. school/college system has come in. This has led to preparation of specialists who are poorly connected both to their neighbours and to their surroundings. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1949). multi-dimensional capabilities are required. But in the globalizing society. “If society is not to disintegrate into an aggregate of individual specialists. we should endow the youth with a central code of values. little on second point. For multi-dimensional or whole development of an individual. In primitive cultures. With knowledge explosion. Former President of India opined. things out of context have become prevalent. learning to live together. . and learning to be. With societies growing more complex and also the growing complexity in the knowledge to be passed on. Value education is education in values and education towards inculcating values.Value Inculcation in Teacher Education Education can be viewed as the transmission of values and accumulated knowledge of the society. This value inculcation should be part of a shared curriculum rather than an exclusive curriculum (Dave 2001). education has been restricted to transmission of filtered knowledge. leaving aside the human values (Sivaswaroop 2004). four foundations or pillars of education were reported viz. education was more informal and was of enculturation. learning to do. Present education is emphasizing more on first point. transmit to them a cultural heritage. teaching and learning. but almost nil on third and fourth aspects. it is essential that one should be educated in values also. which is getting splintered by one’s specialization”. It alone can serve as a cohesive force in a society.

Above all. It can transform society into dynamic learning system. Conclusion High quality teacher education and training can help in establishing a knowledgeable society. Thus. through the self study associated with the accreditation process and also it motivates the non-accredited institutions to improve their programs. Unless value learning is made a life. Firstly. It can also help in integrating society for the purpose of social cohesion and economic prosperity. the very objectives of the seminar will be served and taken care of very well if six key factors as discussed above are strictly implemented. as a service to the public. re-learnt and reinforced throughout one’s whole lifetime. Accreditation serves several purposes in the society. followed and monitored. Teaching being a profession and teacher being a professional.long process. the system of assessment and accreditation of teacher education institutions by an independent body such as NAAC is being made an effective instrument for raising of quality of teacher education programmes and for enabling institutions in using their physical and instructional infrastructure optimally and professionally. it provides guidance about the institutions or program which has attained at least minimal quality according to accreditation standards. Secondly. NAAC in India does this job of evaluation of teacher education institutions. accreditation fosters institutional self-improvement.Value sensitization has to be learnt. Institutional accreditation refers to the evaluation of the entire institutions and this is performed by regional accreditating agencies. values will not survive and values will not become functional (Dave 2001). Thirdly. accreditation can have a powerful influence on an institution’s ability to attract competent teachers and students. accreditating agencies set and monitor standards among the training institutions. thus encouraging higher professional quality among students and teachers. Assessment and Accreditation of Teacher education Institutions Accreditation can be described broadly as a peer evaluation process. .

wikipedia.stanford. Economics of Education Review 1(4):453–65. Hanushek.. February. Washington. Ladd. (1994. Do school and teacher characteristics matter? Evidence from "High School and Beyond. (2001). Learning by doing. The Problem of Underqualified Teachers in American secondary schools. 28(2):26-37.. D. Ladd. "How and Why Money Matters: An Analysis of Alabama Schools. . E. The missing link in educational technology: trained teachers. Richard M. (2002). 1996. A.pdf. March).F. http://www. R. Bhopal.org/wiki/Education http://www. and B. http://www. S. March.References Carlson.qualitydigest." Economics of Education Review. 1996.com/quality http://www. 1981. Ferguson.. R. Keynote Address at the National Seminar on Teacher Education for Value Inculcation held at RIE.com/html/qualitydef. 1-17. Murnane. Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Reform in Education.TechKnowLogia. Ehrenberg. vintage and selection: Three pieces of the puzzle relating teaching experience and teaching performance.html Ingersoll.. J.org Dave. 1999. 13(1).. The Productivity Collapse in Schools. Phillips. ed.thefreedictionary.F." In H. http://edpro. and H. H..edu/hanushek/admin/pages/files/uploads/productivity. R.en. R. & Brewer. DC: Brookings Institution Press. R.

Prospects – Quarterly Review of Education.. (2004). University Education Commission Report. & Pelgrum. (1949). UNESCO. Information and communication technologies in teacher education: A planning guide. P.unesco.Plomp. Government of India. University News. http://www.. 27(3). Sarvepalli R.J. 42 (07): 72-75.org . W. T.. ten Brummelhuis. New Delhi. (2002). (1997). New approaches for teaching. Educational Ethics: Need of the Hour. A. learning and using information and communication technologies in education. Sivaswaroop.

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