It just an Example. Something can be wrong.
Any questions, please contact me at : engineeringmechanicsvn@gmail.com
Thanks.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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It just an Example. Something can be wrong.
Any questions, please contact me at : engineeringmechanicsvn@gmail.com
Thanks.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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You are on page 1of 26

Document No.: V-2154-101-A-217 Reference Drawing: V-2154-101-A-204_Rev.D & V-2154-101-A-208_Rev.B Vessel Name: Fuel Oil Tank Tank Tag No.: T-1301

B A Rev

Rev. No.: B

INDEX

1. Design Data 2. Weight Calculation Sheet 3. Shell Thickness Calculation 4. Bottom Plate Calculation 5. Intermediate Wind Girder 6. Roof Calculation 7. Overturning Stability of Tank against Wind Load 8. Seismic Analysis 9. Compression Ring at Roof-to-Shell Joint 10. Anchor Bolt Calculation 11. Nozzle calculation 12. Manhole calculation 13. Welding 14. Lifting lug Calculation 15. Conclusion

PAGE

2 3 3 4 4 5 7 9 13 14 16 17 20 22 26

Page 1 of 26

Rev. No.: B

1. Design Data 1.1 Basic information Design Code : Service: Design pressure Maximum Internal pressure External pressure Working pressure Design temperature Working temperature Corrosion allowance Vessel inside diameter Vessel length 1.2 Summary of Design Data DESIGN DATA CODE ITEM NO. ITEM NAME FLUID SPECIFIC GRAVITY DESIGN (INT. / EXT.) PRESSURE OPERATING PNEUMATIC TEST HYDRO. TEST DESIGN TEMPERATURE TYPE TANK INSIDE DIAMETER TANK LENGTH CORROSION ALLOWANCE RADIOGRAPHY JOINT EFFICIENCY P.W.H.T IMPACT TEST INSULATION FIRE PROOFING BASIC WIND SPEED SEISMIC (PEAK GROUND ACCELEBRATION) EMPTY WEIGHT OPERATING FULL OF WATER SHELL / BOTTOM / CONE ROOF NOZZLE NECK NOZZLE FLANGE OPERATING M.D.M.T API 650 11TH EDITION (APPENDIX A & APPENDIX J) ERRATA, OCTOBER 2011 T-1301 FUEL OIL TANK UNIT DIESEL OIL 0.865 0.034 (FULL OF WATER) / 0 A.T.M NO FULL OF WATER 80 AMBIENT SELF-SUPPORTING CONE ROOF TANK 2150 3500 1.0 SPOT 0.85 NO NO NO NO 38.61 0.1291g 2254 13438.5 15184 MAIN MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION A-36 A-106 GR.B A-105 / A-36 MPa G MPa G MPa G MPa G

o o o

API 650 11th Edition (Appendix A & Appendix J) Errata, October 2011 Fuel Oil Tank

P=

= = =

(O/D =

2162

mm)

C C C -

mm mm mm mm mm m/sec kg kg kg

Thickness (mm) 6.0 Unit Weight (kg) 1119.7 Total Weight (kg) 1119.7

No. 1 Shell

Description

Q'ty 1

Unit Ea

Remark

Page 2 of 26

8.0 6.0 10 10 10 8 12 8 8 8 6 6 6 8 6 6 6 20 1 1 1 9 8 4 1 1 1 2 2 28 1 1 1 1 2 2 16 1 0.159 1 0.35 1 0.159 1 0.159 1 3.646 1 0.18 1 1 2 Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea Ea m Ea m Ea m Ea m Ea m Ea m Ea Ea Ea 302.1 185.69 85.62 0.52 1.08 2.47 20.7 51.2 16.4 0.64 0.92 0.25 44.95 14.4 16.1 8.6 0.33 0.58 0.25 15.02 11.00 2.30 11.00 2.30 11.00 2.30 11.00 2.30 11.00 2.30 21.00 3.70 8.00 150.00 100.00 4.20 302.13 185.69 85.62 4.65 8.67 9.87 20.7 51.2 16.4 1.3 1.8 7.0 44.95 14.4 16.1 8.6 0.7 1.2 4.0 15.02 1.75 2.30 3.85 2.30 1.75 2.30 1.75 2.30 40.11 2.30 3.78 3.70 8.00 150.00 100.00 8.40 2254.0 11184.5 12930 2" SCH 160 2" 150# 2" SCH 160 2" 150# 2" SCH 160 2" 150# 2" SCH 160 2" 150# 2" SCH 160 2" 150# 3" SCH 160 3" 150# 3"

Rev. No.: B

2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Bottom Plate Roof Top Angle Bar - 100x100x8 Bracket - 95x95x10 Gusset Plate Base Plate Shell Manhole M1 - Neck Shell Manhole M1 - Cover Plate Shell Manhole M1 - Flange Shell Manhole M1 - Hinge Bracket Shell Manhole M1 - Hinge Bracket Shell Manhole M1 - Bolts & Nuts Shell Manhole M1 - Reinforcement Roof Manhole M2 - Neck Roof Manhole M2 - Cover Plate Roof Manhole M2 - Flange Roof Manhole M2 - Hinge Bracket Roof Manhole M2 - Hinge Bracket Roof Manhole M2 - Bolts & Nuts Roof Manhole M2 - Reinforcement Nozzle N1 - Neck Nozzle N1 - Flange Nozzle N2 - Neck Nozzle N2 - Flange Nozzle N3 - Neck Nozzle N3 - Flange Nozzle N4 - Neck Nozzle N4 - Flange Nozzle N5 - Neck Nozzle N5 - Flange Nozzle V1 - Neck Nozzle V1 - Flange Flame Arrestor Handrail Components Ladder Components Lifting Lug

Empty Weight Weight of Liquid at Operating Level Weight of Full Water Total Weight of Liquid at Operating Level Total Weight of Full Water

(W e)

(W p) (W t)

13438.5 15184.0

3. Shell Thickness Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix A, Para. A.4.1) 3.1 Minimum required thickness of shell included corrosion allowance (t):

where: t D H G E CA : Nominal shell thickness, in mm : Nominal diameter of the tank : Design Liquid Level : Specific Gravity of the Liquid (Shall not be less than 1.0) : Joint Efficiency : Corrosion allowance = = 0.85 1.0 mm = = = 2.156 3.5 1.0 m m

Plate of dimension width 2.438 m is selected for first shell course With the tank height of 3.5 m, the second shell course will be 1.062 m width.

Page 3 of 26

Rev. No.: B

3.2 First Shell Course: 4.9 x 2.156 x ( 3.5 -0.3) 0.85 x 145 x 1.0

t1 =

1.00

1.274

mm

Minimum Shell Thickness shall not be less than Choose Nominal thickness of shell, ts1 3.3 Second Shell Course: 4.9 x 2.156 x ( 1.062 -0.3) 0.85 x 145 x 1.0

mm

t2 =

1.00

1.065

mm

Minimum Shell Thickness shall not be less than Choose Nominal thickness of shell, ts2 3.4 Weight of Shell, Ws

mm

(API 650 11th Edition, Errata, October 2011, Clause 5.6.1.1) = = 6 1119.7 mm kg = 10.984 KN

4. Bottom Plate Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix J, Para. J.3.2) 4.1 Bottom Plate Thickness Calculation Minimum thickness required excluding corrosion allowance (Refer to J.3.2.1) Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness required including C.A Choose thickness of Bottom Plate 4.2 Bottom Plate Diameter Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix J, Para. J.3.2 Choose Bottom Plate Diameter 4.3 Weight of Bottom Plate, Wf 5. Intermediate Wind Girder 5.1 The maximum height of the unstiffened shell (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix J, Para. J.3.4)

3 2

= = = = 1.00 7.00 8 mm mm mm

mm

= =

2470 302.13

mm kg = 2.964 KN

1 = 9.47

where: t D V

190

492.9

: As ordered thickness of the top shell course : Nominal tank diameter : Design Wind Speed (As per Specification)

= = =

5.2 The height of transformed Shell Calculation (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.9.7.2) 5.2.1 Transposed width of each shell course

where: W tuniform : Actual width of each shell course, in mm : As ordered thickness of the top shell course, in mm = 6.0 mm

Page 4 of 26

Rev. No.: B

tactual

: As ordered thickness of the shell course for which the transposed width is being calculated, in mm

1st Shell course : t1 W1 W tr1 : As ordered thickness of 1st shell course : Actual width of 1st shell course : Transposed width of 1st shell course = = = 6.0 2438.0 2438.0 mm mm mm

2nd Shell course : t2 W2 W tr2 5.2.2 Htr = : As ordered thickness of 2nd shell course : Actual width of 2nd shell course : Transposed width of 2nd shell course = = = 6.0 1062.0 1062.0 mm mm mm

5.3 Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.9.7.3 Htr < H1 => Intermediate Wind Girder is not required

6. Roof Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.10) 6.1 Roof Thickness Calculation Minimum thickness required excluding corrosion allowance (Refer to 5.10.2.2) Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness required including C.A Choose thickness of Roof Plate 6.2 Self-Supporting Cone Roof Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.10.5.1 = = = 1.00 6.00 6 mm mm mm = 5 mm

Then

tR1 =

3.9

mm

tR2 =

3.53

mm

tR3

mm

6 6

mm mm

> <

5 13

mm mm

Page 5 of 26

Rev. No.: B

: Greater of Appendix R load combinations (e)(1) and (e)(2) with balanced snow load Sb (kPa) Combination e(1) Combination e(2) DL Lr Pe Sb P1 P2 => T = Greater of (P1, P2) P1 = DL + (Lr or Sb) + 0.4Pe P2 = DL + Pe + 0.4(Lr or Sb) : Dead Load of the roof : Live load on the roof : External Pressure : Balanced snow load = = = = = = = (API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. R) (API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. R) 1.377 1.00 0.25 0.00 2.48 2.03 2.48 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa (As per 5.2.1) (DL = W rt / Ar)

: Greater of Appendix R load combinations (e)(1) and (e)(2) with unbalanced snow load Su (kPa) Combination e(1) Combination e(2) DL Lr Pe Su P1 P2 => U = Greater of (P1, P2) P1 = DL + (Lr or Su) + 0.4Pe P2 = DL + Pe + 0.4(Lr or Su) : Dead Load of the roof : Live load on the roof : External Pressure : Unbalanced snow load = = = = = = = = = = = = = = W r + W ra = (API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. R) (API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. R) 1.377 1.00 0.25 0.00 2.48 2.03 2.48 9.46 1.00 6 kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa kPa degree mm mm (Including Corrosion Allowance) (Slope = 1 : 6) (As per 5.2.1) (DL = W rt / Ar)

C.A tR Rr Ar Wr W ra W rt

: Angle of the cone element to the horizontal : Corrosion Allowance : Roof plate thickness : Roof developed radius : Roof developed area : Weight of Roof : Weight of Roof Attachments : Total Weight of Roof =

553.47 kg

7. Overturning Stability of Tank against Wind Load (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.11) 7.1 Wind Design Data Pi D R H W DL : Internal Design Pressure : Tank outside diameter : Tank outside radius : Tank height = = = = 0 kPa

: Weight of the shell and roof structural supported by the shell that is not attached to roof plate = Weight of shell + top angle + Handrail + Ladder = 1455.3 kg = 14277 N

W DLR

Page 6 of 26

= = 303.5 kg 2254.0 kg = = 2977 N

Rev. No.: B

= Weight of roof + Nozzle N5, V1, Flame Arrestor + Manhole M2 We : Empty Weight of Tank

22112 N

7.2 Overturning Wind Moment Calculation The wind load (pressure) acting on vertical projected areas of cylindrical surfaces The wind load (pressure) acting on horizontal projected areas of conical surfaces These wind pressures are based on a wind speed of 190 km/h The modified wind pressure can be calculated by multiplying (V/190)2 to the wind loads above, with V = The wind load (pressure) acting on projected areas of cylindrical surfaces, The wind load (pressure) acting on projected areas of conical surfaces, Wind force on the cylindrical surface F1 = D x H x P1 x 1000 Wind force on the conical surface F2 = x R2 x P2 x 1000 Overturning Wind Moment = x 1.0812 x 0.77 x 1000 = 2.8 KN = 2.162 x 3.5 x 0.46 x 1000 = 3.5 KN P1 P2 = = 0.46 0.77 KPa KPa 139 km/h = = 0.86 1.44 KPa KPa

1 + 2 2

9.154 KNm

For tank to be structurally stable without anchorage, the following uplift criteria shall satisfy:

Page 7 of 26

Rev. No.: B

where: Fp MPi = = = Mw = = MDL = = MDLR = = MF where WL = x D x wL wL Fby H tb = : The Liquid Weight : Design Liquid Height : Required corroded thickness of the bottom plate under the shell x 2.162 x 12217 = = 82977 N = = = = 12217 N/m 250 3.5 7.00 MPa m mm = = Pressure combination factor (App. R.2) Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from design Internal Pressure 0.5 x D x [( x D2/4) x Pi] = 0 = 0.4

Overturning Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from horizontal plus vertical wind Pressure 9.154 KNm

Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from the nominal weight of the shell and roof structural supported by the shell that is not attached to roof plate 0.5 x 2.162 x 14276.6 0.5 x D x W DL = = 15433 Nm

Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from the nominal weight of the roof plate plus any attached structural 0.5 x 2.162 x 2977 0.5 x D x W DLR = = 3218.2 Nm Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from liquid weight 89699 x 2.162 / 2 W L x D/2 =

89699 Nm

: Minimum specified yield stress of the bottom plate under the shell

For Criteria 1 = = For Criteria 2 = = Since, < < => Anchorage is not required to resist Wind Moment = = 9.1536 kNm 55.784 kNm = = 5.4922 kNm 13.507 kNm

7.3 Resistance to Sliding Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.11.4) Total wind forces on tank surfaces: Fwind = F1 + F2 Allowable sliding friction: Ffriction = Maximum of 0.4 of Tank Weight = 0.4 x W e = 8.845 KN = 3.5 + 2.8 = 6.3 KN

Page 8 of 26

Anchorage is not required to resist Sliding

Rev. No.: B

Fwind

<

Ffriction

=>

8. Seismic Analysis (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix E) 8.1 Seismic Loads Design 8.1.1 Geometry Data SP I Av where: SDS : The design, 5% damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T= 0.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods, , equals Q x F a x Ss = = = = = = = 2.156 3.5 7.0 6.0 1.0 13438.5 302.13 kg kg = = 131831.2 2964 N N m m mm mm = 0.4786 : Design level peak ground acceleration parameter : Importance factor : Vertical Seismic accelebration coefficient = = = 0.1291 1 0.14 x SDS (As per Specification) (As per Specification) = 0.067 (As per Para. E.6.1.3)

D H ts t G Wp Wf 8.1.2

: nominal tank diameter : Max. design produce level (Max. Liquid Level) : Thickness of bottom shell course less C.A : Thickness of the shell ring under consideration : Specific gravity (Shall not be less than 1.0) : Total weight of the tank contents : Weight of the tank bottom

1.528

sec

0.578

Regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion TL => Tc Ts = where: S1 < TL = 0.727 = 4 sec

: Mapped, maximum considered earthquake, 5% damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second, %g (As per E.4.3) = 1.25 SP = 0.161

SS

: Mapped, maximum considered earthquake, 5% damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.2 sec), %g (As per E.4.3) = = = 2.5 SP 2.156 1.483 = 0.323

Fv Fa 8.1.3

: Velocity-based site coefficient (Interpolate from Table E-1) : Acceleration-based site coefficient (Interpolate Table E-2)

0.1197

Page 9 of 26

Rev. No.: B

0.1708

where: Q K : Scaling factor from the MCE to the design level spectral accelerations : Coefficient to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% 0.5% damping = 1.5 unless otherwise specified Fa S0 : Acceleration-based site coefficient (As per Table E-2) : Mapped, maximum considered earthquake, 5% damped, spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure), %g (As per E.4.1) Rwi : Force reduction factor for the impulsive mode using allowable stress design methods (As per Table E-4) Rwc : Force reduction coefficient for the convective mode using allowable stress design methods (As per Table E-4) Ts Tc : The first mode sloshing wave period = = = 2 0.727 1.528 = 4 = 0.4 SS = 0.1291 = = 1.5 1.483 = 1

8.2 Overturning Stability against Seismic Loading Ratio D/H 8.2.1 = 2.156 / 3.5 = 0.616 is less than 1.333

Effective Weight of Product (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix E.6.1.1) The effective impulsive weight is define in Equation E.6.1.1-2

114127.8 N

18677.59 N

Total weight of fixed tank roof including framing, knuckles, any permanent attachments and 10% of the roof design snow load = Total weight of tank shell and appurtenances = 8.2.2 16172.57 N 2977.02 N

Center of Action for Effective Lateral Forces (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix E.6.1.2) Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the center of action of the lateral seismic force related to the impulsive liquid force for ringwall moment is define by Equation E.6.1.2.1-2

1.55

Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the center of action of lateral seismic force related to the convective liquid force

Page 10 of 26

Rev. No.: B

2.92

8.2.3

Center of Gravity of Shell Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the roof and roof appurtenances center of gravity = Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the shells center of gravity = 1.75 m 2.01 m

8.2.4

Overturning Moment (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix E.6.1.5) The seismic overturning moment at the base of the tank shell shall be the SRSS summation of the impulsive and convective components multiplied by the respective moment arms to the center of action of the forces unless otherwise specified. Ringwall Moment = 26892.84 N-m

8.3 Base Shear Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Appendix E.6.1) Total design base shear = where: Vi : Design base shear due to impulsive component from effective weight of tank and contents = Vc : Design base shear due to the convective component of the effective sloshing weight = Sliding Resistance Force = where: : The friction coefficient Since V < Vs => PASS = 0.4 59927.37 N = 3190.4 N = 16303 N 16611.82 N

Seismic Shear does not exceed Sliding Resistance 8.4 Resistance to the design Overturning (Ringwall) Moment 8.4.1 Design Data ta G Av

: Thickness, excluding corrosion allowance, of bottom / bottom annulus : Specific gravity (Shall not be less than 1.0) : Vertical Seismic accelebration coefficient

= = =

mm

Page 11 of 26

= = = 0.9732 250 250 MPa MPa

Rev. No.: B

Ge Fy Fty 8.4.3

: Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic effects = G(1 0.4A v) : Minimum specified yield strength of bottom / bottom annulus : Minimum specified yield strength of shell course

Anchorage Ratio

3.915

where Mrw wt : Ringwall Moment : Tank and roof weight acting at base of shell = wrs Av wa = 26893 N-m

= = =

: Roof load acting on the shell, including 10% of the specified snow load : Vertical Seismic accelebration coefficient : Force resisting uplift in annular region = = 20222.62 N/m >

1476.8 N/m

wint

: Calculated design uplift load due to product pressure per unit circumferential length (Produce Internal Pressure = 0) = 0 N/m

Since the anchorage ratio J > 1.54, the tank is not stable. The tank shall be mechanically anchored. 8.4.4 Shell Compression The maximum longitudinal shell compression stress at the bottom of the shell for mechanically anchored tanks

1.4668

MPa

= Allowable seismic longitudinal shell compression stress = Since > => PASS 121.82

0.452

<

44

MPa

<

125

MPa

Page 12 of 26

Rev. No.: B

Top Angle Provided Top Angle Cross Sectional Area Weight of Top Angle Inside radius of tank Length of normal to roof Thickness of shell plate at thickened plate (Corroded) Ac Wc Rc R2 ts = t c

mm mm KN mm mm mm

2

wc

= = 43.99 5.00 mm mm

th wh

= = =

mm

As

= =

mm2

Ah

= =

mm2

At

= =

mm2

Minimum required participating area A = = where: D Pi DLR Fy Since : Tank outside Diameter : Design Internal Pressure : Nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural : Minimum specified yield strength of material in the roof-to-shell junction At 2027.2 > > A 33.11 = = = = 2.162 m 0 250 kPa MPa 5429.5 N 33.11 mm2 (As per F.5.1)

Therefore using Top Angle as above is satisfactory Choose Top Angle Bar 10. Anchor Bolt Calculation 10.1 The Pressures base on Appendix F Pi : Design Internal Pressure Cross section area of tank Weight of shell, roof and any framing supported by shell or roof Pi A = = = 0 3.671 22111.7 kPa m2 N >PxA = 100 x 100 x 8 mm

Page 13 of 26

Rev. No.: B

=>

= where : Pi D DLR Fy : Internal Design Pressure : Tank outside diameter : Nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural = = =

33.11

mm

0 2.162 5429.5

: Minimum specified yield strength of material in the roof-to-shell junction : Angle of the cone element to the horizontal = 9.46 degree

(Slope = 1 : 6)

Design Pressure for tank that has been constructed (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. F.4.1)

2.95

KPa

Maximum design pressure, limited by uplift at the base of the shell (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. F.4.2)

2.68

KPa

DLS D DLR Mw

: Nominal weight of the shell and any framing supported by the shell and roof : Tank outside diameter : Nominal weight of roof plate plus any attached structural : Wind moment

= = = =

Failure Pressure (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, App. F.6) = 3.854 KPa

The maximum design pressure for tank with a weak roof-to-shell attachment (As per API 650 11th Edition, Errara, Oct. 2011, App. F.4.3) Pmax 2.68 < < 0.8 Pf 3.08 => PASS

10.2 Anchor Bolt Calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Table 5-21a) Bolt Diameter provided : Root Area of Bolt : Bolt material : d A ~ x d2/4 SA-36 = = 30 447.10 mm mm2 x 4 No.

Stress / Bolt (MPa) Allowable Anchor Bolt Stress (Mpa) -8.962 -8.962 2.833 -1.769 18.510 -1.084 19.151 105 140 250 200 200 140 200

Test Pressure -16028.05 Failure Pressure 5067.20 Wind Load -3164.51 Seismic Load 33102.84 Design Pressure + Wind -1938.98 Design Pressure + Seismic 34248.57

Page 14 of 26

Frangibility Pressure

Rev. No.: B

-16016.49

-8.956

250

PASS

W 1 : dead load of shell minus any corrosion allowance and any dead load other than roof plate acting on the shell minus any corrosion allowance (N) = 14276.6 N

W 2 : dead load of shell minus any corrosion allowance and any dead load including roof plate acting on the shell minus any corrosion allowance (N) = 17253.6 N

W 3 : dead load of the shell using nominal thicknesses and any dead load other than roof plate acting on the shell using nominal thicknesses (N) Av : Vertical earthquake acceleration coefficient P : Internal Design Pressure Pt : Test Pressure Pf : Failure Pressure th : Roof Plate thickness D : Nominal Tank diameter H : Tank height PWR : Wind uplift pressure on roof PWS : Wind pressure on shell = = = = = = = = = = = Mrw : Seismic moment Fy : Min. Yield Strength of Bolt material = = 14276.6 0.067 0 0 3.85 6 2.156 3.500 0.77 0.46 6078.21 KPa KPa KPa mm m m kPa kPa N-m = 460 N/m2 N

Choose 4 Anchor Bolts M30, SA-36 is satisfactory for Table Uplift Load Cases above 11. Nozzle calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.7) 11.1 Shell Nozzle N1, N2, N3, N4 (DN50) 11.1.1 Minimum Nozzle Neck thickness Base on table 5-6a

Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck including C.A 11.1.2 Choose Nozzle actual thickness

= = = =

mm mm mm mm

Page 15 of 26

Rev. No.: B

11.1.3

Nozzle actual thickness is compared with the minimum thickness provided which fo pipe material would include a 12.5% undertolerance = 0.875 x 8.74 = 7.65 mm > tmin = 6.54 mm => PASS

11.2 Roof Nozzle N5 (DN50) 11.2.1 Minimum Nozzle Neck thickness Base on table 5-14a & table 5-6a

Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck including C.A 11.2.2 11.2.3 Choose Nozzle actual thickness

= = = =

mm mm mm mm

Nozzle actual thickness is compared with the minimum thickness provided which fo pipe material would include a 12.5% undertolerance = 0.875 x 8.74 = 7.65 mm > tmin = 6.54 mm => PASS

11.3 Roof Nozzle V1 (DN80) (Used for venting) 11.3.1 Minimum Nozzle Neck thickness Base on table 5-14a & table 5-6a Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness of Nozzle Neck including C.A 11.3.2 11.3.3 Choose Nozzle actual thickness = = = = 7.62 1.00 8.62 11.13 mm mm mm mm

Nozzle actual thickness is compared with the minimum thickness provided which fo pipe material would include a 12.5% undertolerance = 0.875 x 11.13 = 9.74 mm > tmin = 8.62 mm => PASS

12. Manhole calculation (Refer to API 650 11th Edition, Errara, October 2011, Para. 5.7.5) 12.1 Shell Manhole M1 (DN600) As per Fig. 5-7A - Shell Manhole

Page 16 of 26

Rev. No.: B

As per Table 5-3a Minimum thickness of cover plate, tc Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness of cover plate including C.A Choose Cover plate actual thickness Minimum thickness of bolting flange, tf Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum thickness of bolting flange including C.A Choose bolting flange actual thickness = = = = = = = = 10 1.00 11.00 12 6 1.00 7.00 8 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

As per Table 5-4a Thickness of Manhole reinforcing plate, T Minimum neck thickness, tn Corrosion Allowance (C.A) Minimum neck thickness including C.A Choose neck actual thickness = = = = = 6 6 1.00 7.00 8 mm mm mm mm mm

Page 17 of 26

Rev. No.: B

As per Table 5-5a Bolt Circle Diameter, Db Cover Plate Diameter, Dc = = 768 832 mm mm

As per Table 5-6a Diameter of Reinforcing Plate, Do 12.2 Roof Manhole M2 (DN500) As per Fig. 5-16 - Roof Manholes, Section A-A and Table 5-13a as shown below = 1255 mm

13. Welding

Page 18 of 26

Rev. No.: B

13.1 Nozzle Welding 13.1.1 Shell Nozzle N1, N3, N4 (DN50) As per Fig. 5-7B and Table 5-6a

Flanged Nozzles in pipe sizes NPS 2 (DN50) or smaller do not required reinforcing plates

= =

63 6

mm mm

13.1.2

Flanged Nozzles in pipe sizes NPS 2 (DN50) or smaller do not required reinforcing plates

= =

63 6

mm mm

13.1.3

13.1.4

Roof Nozzle V1 (DN80) - Used for venting As per Fig. 5-19 - Flanged Roof Nozzles

DR : Outside Diameter of Reinforcing Plate DR = HR : Minimum Height of Nozzle HR = 13.2 Manhole Welding 150 mm 225 mm

Page 19 of 26

Rev. No.: B

13.2.1

Note 5. The size of the weld shall equal the thickness of the thinner member joined where : tn tf = = 8 8 mm mm = 8 mm

13.2.2

Roof Manhole M2 (DN500) Detail of Roof Manhole M2 welding as per Fig. 5-16 - Roof Manholes, Section A-A as shown below

Page 20 of 26

Rev. No.: B

14. Lifting Lug Calculation Equipment weight Lifting Lug material 14.1 Check for = 90 degrees Angle We = 2254.0 A-36 kg

90.0

degree

Considered a load factor of 2.0 applied to the structure gravity loads Design Load Force Fz = 0.5 P Fx = Fz / tg Max tensile force in Wire Rope Ps = Fz / sin Lifting lug configuration where : SWL Rh R T h b c a D Fy = = = = = = = = = = Safe working load Hole radius Main plate radius Main plate thickness Base width Distance from edge of taper to center of hole Distance from base of plate to center of hole Taper angle Shackle pin diameter Yield Strength of lifting lug material = = 22112 0 N N P = 2x9.81xW e = 44223.48 N

22112

The dimension T should equal 60 - 85% of shackle jaw width. The pin hole diameter should be 3 mm greater than the selected shackle pin size The main plate radius is approximately R = 3 R h Choose Shackle Shackle load Ps Choose Shackle with SWL = 22111.74 N = = 2.254 3.2 tonne tonne

Page 21 of 26

Rev. No.: B

As per Table shown above : Shackle jaw width W Shackle pin size D = = 27 19 mm mm

Choose Lug Configuration Rh R T h b c a Fy Stress in Lifting Lug Bearing Stress Bearing Allowable Safety Factor Shear Stress Shear Allowable Safety Factor Tensile Stress

= = = = = = = =

mm mm mm mm mm mm degrees MPa

= = =

= =

Ps/(T x D) 0.9 x Fy

= = =

= =

Ps/(2(R-Rh)*T) 0.4 x Fy

From Section D3.2 of AISC, the distance used in calculations, across the hole, is the minimum of 4 times the plate thickness at the pinhole or 0.8 times the hole diameter. Effective width Plate thickness Tensile Allowable Safety Factor Bending Stress Section modulus Z Area of lug base A Bending Allowable Safety Factor Stress in Weld Joint Weld type : T-Butt weld, Full Penetration = = = = = 19.2 20 57.58 112.5 1.95 mm mm MPa MPa => Tensile Allowable PASS = = Ps/(Effective width*plate thickness) 0.45 Fy (AISC Section D3.2)

= = = = =

2

= = = =

Page 22 of 26

Rev. No.: B

Critial weld length K Section modulus of weld Zw Area of weld Aw Applied by force Fz Bending S1 Shear S2 Combined Allowable Safety Factor Applied by force Fx Tensile S3 Allowable

= = =

20 mm 3 266666.667 mm 2 mm 8000

= = = = =

= = = =

2 2 0.5

= =

0.00 150

= =

Fx/Aw 0.6 Fy

85.0

degree

Considered a load factor of 2.0 applied to the structure gravity loads Design Load Force Fz = 0.5 P Fx = Fz / tg Max tensile force in Wire Rope Ps = Fz / sin Shackle load Ps Stress in Lifting Lug Bearing Stress Bearing Allowable Safety Factor Shear Stress Shear Allowable Safety Factor Tensile Stress From Section D3.2 of AISC, the distance used in calculations, across the hole, is the minimum of 4 times the plate thickness at the pinhole or 0.8 times the hole diameter. Effective width Plate thickness Tensile Allowable Safety Factor Bending Stress Section modulus Z Area of lug base A Bending Allowable Safety Factor = = = = = 19.2 20 57.80 112.5 1.95 mm mm MPa MPa => Tensile Allowable PASS = = Ps/(Effective width*plate thickness) 0.45 Fy (AISC Section D3.2) = = = 16.82 100 5.95 MPa MPa => Shear Allowable PASS = = Ps/(2(R-Rh)*T) 0.4 x Fy = = = 58.41 225 3.85 MPa MPa => Bearing Allowable PASS = = Ps/(T x D) 0.9 x Fy = = 22112 1935 N N P = 2x9.81xW e = 44223.48 N

= =

22196 22196

N N = 2.26 tonne

= = = = =

2

= = = =

Page 23 of 26

Rev. No.: B

Stress in Weld Joint Weld type : T-Butt weld, Full Penetration = = = 20 mm 3 266666.667 mm 2 mm 8000 (Assumed equal to the thickness of lug) 2 Zw h x K/ 3 = Aw = 2xKxh

Critial weld length K Section modulus of weld Zw Area of weld Aw Applied by force Fz Bending S1 Shear S2 Combined Allowable Safety Factor Applied by force Fx Tensile S3 Allowable Safety Factor

= = = = =

= = = =

2 2 0.5

= = =

= =

Fx/Aw 0.6 Fy

15. Conclusion Shell thickness : First Shell course Thickness required: Thickness actual: Second Shell course Thickness required: Thickness actual: Bottom thickness : Thickness required: Thickness actual: Annular Bottom Plate: Intermediate Wind Girder : Self-Supporting Cone Roof thickness : Thickness required: Thickness actual: Top Angle size : Anchor Bolt : Nozzle thickness: Shell Nozzle N1, N2, N3, N4 (DN50) Thickness required: Thickness actual: Roof Nozzle N5 (DN50) Thickness required: 6.54 mm 6.54 8.74 mm mm (SCH 160) 6.00 6.00 100 x 100 x 8 4 Bolts - M30 mm mm mm 7.00 8.00 not required not required mm mm 5.00 6.00 mm mm 5.00 6.00 mm mm

Page 24 of 26

8.74 mm (SCH 160)

Rev. No.: B

Thickness actual:

Roof Nozzle V1 (DN80) (Used for venting) Thickness required: Thickness actual: Neck Manhole thickness : Shell Manhole (DN600) Thickness required: Thickness actual: Roof Manhole (DN500) Thickness required: Thickness actual: 6.00 6.00 mm mm 7.00 8.00 mm mm 8.62 11.13 mm mm (SCH 160)

Page 25 of 26

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