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CHAPTER 4 (4: HIGH SCHOOL GUIDANCE LIT-2a AND COUNSELING High school years are full of growth, promise, excitement

, frustration, disappointment and hope. it is the ti ..-e vvi c sders bezin to nisc,ivur what. thn f Jture holds for them. Secondary school enoarice toe !earn: -1g pocesS and pro:note academic achievement.. Schooi counselig orogtams are essential for students to achieve ontimEI personal cliovrt 7Cr fire socitPt skills and values, set appropriate career goes and reali:e fuR E oadernio potential to oecime productive. contributing rnenters of the world ornt nunity. roday’s young people are living in an exciting time, viti an increasingly diverse and mchile society, new technologies, and expanding opportunities. To help ensure triat they at e prepareu to becon ie the next generation or parents, workers, leaders, and citizens”, eyerystudent needs support, guidance, and opportunities during adolescence, e time of rapid growth and change. Adolescents face unique and diverse challenges, both personally and developmentally, that impact academic achievement. High School years are the moments that a student continues awareness and exploration activities, but learning .0 focused on

guidance counselors are available to assist students as they prepare to graduate from high school and continue their education. Professional School Counselors at the higli school level spend much of their time ne!ping students monitor their progress toward graduation and . . or a grant in order to continue his or her education. The high school counselor proviues large group guidance units and lessons on pcst-secoodary options. this is consideced a no guiciance tas’ and te’’es valuhte time aw a from f’°Ci ‘. If a student needs a scholarship. echoo:) by engaging students in finding accto-ate and mean ngful information on entrance requirements. The counselor can help a student to identify colleges.66 Guidance and Counseling skill development and planning activities.fewer classroom guidance strategies. universities. First. While some high schoo coenselors spend time developing the school’s ciass schedule. The counselor assists students in completing applieations for admission to postsecondary schools. even students are not fully aware of all the school counseling services that are available to them. For example. the counselor can help with applications for these as well. in mapping out the most High School Guidance & Counseling 61 appropriate educational program. Counselors help select courses and programs that will best fit the student’s abilities and interests and at the sOrne time provide him or her a learning challenge. low. tesi preparation and so fo. ”’ith St. a student loan. I peon nendation letters. financial aid. the high school counselor helps students prepare for post-secondary education ad/or training ontions cg college. the school guidance counselor is expected to assist each child and his or her parents.-th. the school counselor continues to provide responsive services and provides .being adecwtély prepared for post-secoede. and other educational opportunities that will best fit the student’s needs. There are five major responsibilities that are important for parents to k. options. trade. Second.r4crt ira FIVE MAJOR RESPONSIBIITIES OF SCHOOL / COUNSELORS Sometimes. • Improving academic self-concept Acquiring skills for improving learning • Achieving school success • Improving learning • Planning to achieve goals High School / Secondary School Counseling In high school. vocational-technical schools.

the. now and later. These personal proulems may involve teacher-student orstudent-student relationships. Sometimes. orthe problems often associated with growing into adulthood. A founselor can help a student to determine his or her areas of greatest academic. regardless of whether the guidance counselor is in charge of thesehcol’s soendardized-testing p. and parents in an effort to help make the school . the guidance counselor is ayaable to ass:st st relent. teachers. ogram he or She is very qualificJ tc interpret Cli explain test results to students and their parents. the guidance counselor is able to assists students Who may be having difficulty in their studies by showing them the best ways to study and eRne material. strengtn end the vocational areas in which the student h3s tire most interest and aptitude: Efth.Third. Guidance counselors are busy educators. Much of the counselor’s time is spent in conferences with students. Fourth. coonselor is t esponsible for : ielrAg students deal with and solve their drug or alcohol abuse problems or those among their families or frienus. They or ing together in one place considerable ana valuable information that can nelp a student to be more successful in school. who have personal problems.

in upper secondary schooling.. The range of career services that are offered within tertiary education needs to be broadened. Gaps in access are particularly evldenz in primary schoola and in the vocational tracks of 3-2p4er seco. and their parents. and assistance that may well mean the difference between success and failure for a student.62. Are those students who continue education beyond the secondary school successful in . 6n:: stakeholders. Career guidance also needs to be a stronger pa’ t of prog. secondary school? 5. and achieve in them. and opportunities? 4.. A guidance counselor can provide seLig. Fnber of youi ig people leave schooi early. Do those students who are capable of doing so continue education beyonci the secondary school? 6.ains within the school designed to prevent early leaving. and irnpreved accountability inecnanisms. Are students.king the acquisftion of career manage7nent skills by students the focus of career edueaon programs. neither a student nor his or her parents should hesitate to make an appointment with a counselor. and interests? 2. There is generally a lack of career guidance provision for students in tertiary education. Do the students develop greater underdtanding 01 their abilities. aptitudes.-i se:. to ensure that these resoerces are jeclicatet to ca. Guidance and Counseling experience of each child a positive one. and in .proving Career Guidance for Young People To improve career guidance for young people. When assistance is needed. aptitudes. in tertiary education. and more explicitly linking public funding arrangements for tertiary education to the level and quality yf or ree.mproving the nature.: quality of services. and capital resources of the right type. the principal challenges are: to provide sufficient hurnar. without qualifcations. cm-. Policy levers te ensure that a broader range of services is provided need to be sti engthened. Do students select courses. and for young people at riSk There are chaiienges in meeting gaps in access. Do tnose students who are able to do so finish . despite the significant cost of such studies to both participants and taxpayers.eer .gestIons. and to make the best use of the i esoerees that are available. fully aware of opportunities and requirements for education and careers? 3. both within the schco. / yn-dit I . Options available to policy High School Guidance & Counsel 63 makers include the specification of goals for tertiary career services. level an. in schools. \14 VThe student outcomes identified were: 1. and within its surrounding community. interests. advice. policy makers must address challenges in compulsory schooling.Dol Policy options include formally strengthening collanoration between ll it. it ley need programs in the comrnunityto help them make transitions to the working v ’odd and to re-engage with further learning and career guidance needs to he part of such programs.scrylces. in line with their abilities.

`•---siael and exploring and defining their independence..--’73 Challenges High school is the final trarisition into adulthood and +he world of work as students Arke. I iHigh School Student’s Developmental Needs 1. skills and abilities. Are significant numbers of the especiplly atie students getting more extensive background in mnthematics.their ourseits? 7. and wnat they will do when they graduate. students are evaluating their strengths. During these adolescent years. They are searching for a place to .. science.. and the foreign languages? .e`4•P*. The biggest influence is their peer group. what they do well. Students are deciding who they are.LAtil ’-’..v begin separating from parents ..46-17( Eij .

The ASCA National Modei: A Framework For School Counseling Programs (2). Multicultural/diversity aL-nnes &A. and personal/ social dorna.64 L Guidancc and Counseling belong and reiy on peer acceptance and feedback. Substance abose education 11.areness and the wor ic cTne 10. Acadrnic skills support High School Guidance & Counseling 65 2. the scholarship and financial aid application process and entrance into competitive job market. Post-secondary planning and application process 4. They faced incrersed pressures regarding risk behaviors involving sex. Organizational. CEreer a’. They need guidance in making concrete and compounded decisions. study and test-taking skills 3. Communication.ns are the foundation for this work. the challenges of college admissions. rieil„E0Oeeting the Challenges Secondary school coun. The ASCA National Standards in the academic career. They must deal with academic pressures as they face high-stakes testing. conflict resolution End study skills 4.selors ar3 professional educators with a me i ital health erspecive who understand and respond to the challenges presented by today’s diverse student population. Peer relationships an effective social skills 8. Professional school counselors align and work with the school’s mission to suoport the academic achievement of all students as they prepare for the ever-changing worid of the 21st century. dcelopmenr implementation and evaluation o■ a comprehensive. self and othei-s 6. Coping strategies 7. They prOvide proactive leadership that engages all stakeholders in the deliqery of programs and services to help the student achieve success in school./ICY Ktrtindividual Student Planning 1. Career planning 5. problem-solving Cecision-making.. Education in understanding. Goal setting . with it’s data-drivel land results-based focus serves as a guide for today’s school counselor who is uniquely traineu to implement ti iis program/ tevcv yit Counseling Program in the Secondary Sc’ no! Secondary School Counselors Imnlement the Counseling Program by Providing: CLO 11)4V4V Classroom Guidance 1. alcohol and drugs while exploring the boundaries of more acceptable behavior and mature. meaningful relationships. developmental and systematic school-counseling program. This mission is accomplished through the design. Secondary school counselors do not work in isolation. rather they are itegral to thc total educational program.

Academic plans .2.

.. Problem solving 5._„. Individuajfamily/school crisis intervention 3.. tti z ’-t ArsaJ3mic support services Program planning Peer education program Peer mediation program Crisis management Transition programs ./ ..3 7. 4Vzif . Peer facilitation 4.\LF4-1...--y„. Career plans 4... Education in understandng 6’ self..t7T1 0._1.v 7tig .... Consultation/collaboration -5... Referrals /System Support • Professional development Consultation.. Transition plans /Responsive Services 1 Individlial and small-group counseling 2.. including strengths and v21Knesse 6. collaboration and teaming • Program management and operation High School Guidance & Counseling 67 3Aecondary School Counselors Collaborate with: Parents 0 Alf Academic planning/support Post-secondary planning Scho!3rsip/financial search process School-to-parent communications School-to-work transition programs uneOon-onn parent conferencing Referral process ..’”:.....„-.66 Guidance and Counseling 3..4 :4 _ r 1.•. Students r----4.. .i. itf rti i ...‘3:■-: ... . i .. ::-1 r `---\ 11’*•..1.1.

providing recommendations and assisting students vvith the postsecondary auPlivailoil process Classroom guidane post-secondary planning. lerning style assessment and education to help students succeed academically Classroom spea. Crisis interventions Referrals Career education .68 luiclance and Counseling Teachers Portfolio development. part-time jobs. etc. career development. stuay skills.ets At risk-student identiflcation and implementatl:o of intervention to enhance success I/7 School climate Academic support interventions Behavioral management plans Schoolwide needs assessments Data sharing Studelt assistance team development High School Guidance & Counseling j 69 • Community Job shadowing. School-to-/or V. etc. worked-based learning. transition program’ Academic support.